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IUM VOL XLIV NO 77 Palladium and Sun-Telegram wvjay.,v7, 1 1 .j.- RICHMOND, IND., SATURDAY! EVENING, FEB. 8, 1919. SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS BRITiSH-U. S. ALLIANCE IS FOUNDATION FOR LEAGUE English Statesmen Deter mined to Hold American Aid and Co-operation, Claims Simonds. SHOW ASTUTE POLITICS By FRANK H. SIMONDS (Copyright, 1019. Th MeClnre News paper S radicate.) IRIS, Feb. 8. Last week h discussed at length the basis of French policy, as expres sed at the Paris conference, Indicating that the chief con cern of France was to pro security to the north against possible new German attack. British policy as expressed ' at the Peace conference is somewhat less simple, since it seeks various objects Indirectly. Above all else, British policy at the peace conference is based upon a new Interpretation of the world by British statesmanship and diplomacy. One ought to say at the outset that Britain Is incomparably better represented at Paris on the technical and on the dip lomatic side than any one of the other great powers. There are more brains and better brains In the British delega tion than in any other, and these brains are concentrated upon a clear ly thought out program. Grasp Lessons of War. The lessons of the war have been more clearly understood by British statesmen than by any other; they alone realize that the relations of the great nations have been changed. A decisive role in war and in peace be longs to America, for precisely the same reason that Great Britain held It so often in the past. We have come relatively fresh upon the stricken field. We alone are still strong, fight ing as well as otherwise. Therefore It is necessary to recognize America. British policy has accepted this sit uation skilfully. The keynote of the British policy Is that there shall be no break of any kind between America and England, that every conceivable concession shall be made, large or small, on the political ' aa contrasted with the economic phase, to the end that Anglo-American ' relations - and Anglo-Ametlcanfriendship may be placed on a solid basis for the future. Vague aa to League. - In the matter of the league of na tions, the thing was little more than a vague formula, even after Mr. Wil son had outlined his fourteen points. At the moment when the president came to Europe It became the mission of the British to work out the presi dent's Ideas and give them form, to give them coherence and they have done this. Later it will be for the French to take hold and make them intelligible by translation Into the French language. But the fact that It is worth while to notice now is that, recognizing that America was committed to the league of nations and that President Wilson was about to make an earnest fight for it, and suffer material loss of pres tige at home if the project were not in some form adopted at Paris, the British have squarely lined themselves up with the president. They have undertaken to do almost the Impossible task of creating a league of nations, and we have had not one, but half a dozen plans, origin ating amongst the British statesmen, all aiming to transform Mr. Wilson's idea Into European machinery. Accept Situation If the British bad not accepted Mr. Wilson's league of nations Idea, If they had not undertaken some part of the task of bringing it down from the clouds to concrete ideas, there would not have been much chance of success for that scheme at Paris; but the British were keen enough to see, first, that President Wilson desired it, sec ond that their own people desired it, and third, that if they failed to ren red substantial and necessary aid to bring it off, they would be criticized at home and suspicioned abroad. Now the scheme of the league of na tions which the British have formu lated, which, with certain essential but not numerous modifications, will be advocated by President Wilson, seeks to preserve certain influence in the world. It is designed to serve cer tain things in the world. Before this great conflict came, England had reached a point of saturation in the matter of imperial expansion. Her great problem had become to preserve, not to increase, and the burden of her empire was more and more heavily felt as domestic conditions foreshad owed complete transformation at home. Germany Failed Germany struck at the moment when she believed that both domestic problems and imperial problems would combine to ensure her success. She failed; but even in her failure she transformed many conditions; she up set the world that had existed, and she has strewn three continents with ruins of the ancient systems which must be revised. Now the chief concern of Great Britain as an empire is India. India begins at Gibraltar and at least ex tends to Hong Kong. To protect Ind ia no that Turkey is eliminated, it will be necessary to deal with Mesopota mia and Palestine and Syria, just as it was a generation ago to deal with Egypt. "Unless there can be some system devised which divides respons ibility for the maintenance of states like Syria and Mesopotamia and Ar menia, and strategic points like Con stantinople, England will have to take most of them to protect India, or else surrender some of them to states who may develop colonies of their own across the vital pathway to the Near East. Continued On Page Five. Mrs. Roosevelt to r-W P )A-f1 r - g if' i fK p i Y.-.-.'s.-vt y:-:.--:A 1 I.:- J $8 o&ioLY a, n General Parker, at left, Lieut. Col. Theodore Roosevelt and wife snapped at Romagne, France, recently, Mrs., Theodore Roosevelt, widow of the late great American, Is en route to visit her sons In France. Capt. Archie Roosevelt Is now in America. Theo dore, Jr., and Kermit are still in serv ice In France. Teddy, Jr., is now a lieutenant colonel. Mrs. Roosevelt will also visit the grave of Quentin, killed in action. Mrs. Richard Derby, her daughter, will accompany Mrs. Roosevelt. For repeated feats of bravery be yond the bounds of military duty in action Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt wears the Croix de Guerre with two palms. He has twice been recom mended for the American Distinguish ed Service Cross. Lieut. Col. Richard erby, brother-in-law of Lieutenant Co lonel Roosevelt, arrived with his unit at Newport News and brought the TEN Ml, BILLS ARE INTRODUCED AT BRIEF ASSEMBLY SESSION (By Associated Press) INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 8. With 28 members of the lower house of the In diana legislature absent from this morning's short session. Speaker Eschbach decided not to place any measure on passage and business was rnnfinpd to Introduction of ten new 'bills, indefinite postponement of three j others and advancement to second reading PI len nouse measuiea, ui tu third reading of seven house and ele ven senate bills. The house wa3 ad journed until 2 o'clock Monday. after noon when the speaker announced a session lasting until 6 o'clock would be held. He intends to transact busi ness that was deferred this morning because of the number of absentees. The session today was enlivened by the charge of Representative Benedict that the committee on criminal codes had not read the bill he introduced providing for restriction and sale of fire arms and other deadly weapons which the committee reported, recom mending indefinite postponement. He said he had not appeared before the committee to explain the purpose of the measure. ."We announced yesterday," said Representative Tuthill, of Michigan City, chairman of the committee, "that he would consider all bills pend ing before the committee. Mr. Ben edict did not appear." Vocational Education Bill. The speaker ruled that the com mittee should withdraw the bill or the house would determine whether It has merit according to the author's U. S. Asks Reason for Foreign Trade Embargoes (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. Inquiries have been sent by the state depart ment to Great Britain, France and Italy, regarding the British import embargo, the French cartel system, and the Italian system of government supervision of purchases, all of which have an effect on American industries. For Indiana by United States Weather Bureau Snow tonight and Sunday. Colder Sunday in southwest portion. - Today's Temperature. Noon 25 Yesterday. Maximum 38 Minimum 20 For Wayne County by W. E. Moore Increasing cloudiness. Snow to night or Sunday. Colder Sunday. General Conditions The storm that caused last night is passing out to sea. Another storm is following in tracks, and is almost certain to cause snow over this district tonight or Sun day. Cold weather will continue cold as a severe cold wave still prevails over the northwest. It is 20 to 30 below over southern Canada and bor der states. ! THE WEATHER I See Sons in France story of Theodore's exploits to the Roosevelt home in Oyster Bay. Lieutenant Colonel Derby was also decorated by the French government for bravery In visiting advance aid posts in the course of his tour of duty as surgeon with the Second division. He said that both Lieut. Col. Theo dore Roosevelt and Capt. Kermit Roosevelt had taken part in the hard fighting along the Meuse river. They were attached to the First division. Theodore, Colonel Derby said, wa3 se verely wounded at Soissons in July, and was also gassed. He limps slight ly and the gas has affected his eyes. Dr. Derby said that the Second di vision could not receive too much praise. He said he believed that one fourth of the prisoners captured by the American expeditionary forces were taken by this division. wishes. Mr. Benedict asked that It be sent back to the committee. Two bills concerning vocational education were introduced Represen tative Swain of Pendelton presented one which would amend the state vo cational law to conform to the federal statutes by providing that persons 14 years old or over without limit to the maximum age would receive such in structions and that the word "domes tlo science" be changed to "Home economics." In the other by Repre sentative Hare of North Vernon, pro vision is made for Instruction and su pervised practice in gardening, agri culture, Industrial nnd home eco nomics education for twelve months or so much of the year as the author ities decide in twonship, town and city schools. RECORD ENROLLMENT AT HIGH SCHOOL The largest number of pupils ever enrolled in Richmond high school will start their regular work next week. Several new pupils, and 119 promoted pupils from Garfield expand the en rollment of the school to above 800 pupils. Last semester the enrollment averaged over 700, a few pupils' at tendance being irregular on account of illness. Nearly all the regular up per classmen, and second term fresh men are said to be back. Several boys have returned from the army and navy, and the Garfield promotions are large. Instructions for Freshmen have been issued from the principal's of fice, and arrangement of programs and class division is expected to be satis factorily completed by Wednesday when regular work will be taken up, Principal Kelly said today. ROOSEVELT SERVICE AT MURRAY THEATRE Memorial services for former presi dent Theodore Roosevelt will be held i tomorrow afternoon at the Murray theatre at four o clock. Manager Holland of the Murray, has turned over the house to the commit tee for the purpose. Judge Will A. Bond will be the speaker. The program follows: Song, "America," led by Frank Hol- ! land. Silent prayer while organ plays, "There's a Long, Long Trail." Address, Will A. Bond. Song, "Star Spangled Banner," led by Frank Holland. EIGHT DIE IN EXPLOSION JANESVILLE, Wis., Feb. 8 Eight people were killed and an entire busi ness block is in flame as the result of a terrific explosion at Plattesvllle, Wis., this afternoon. Telephone and telegraph lines are reported down, and no details are available. Two Men Kitted In Indianapolis Hotel Fire (By Associated Press) INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 8. Two men are dead, and eight are in a local hos pital as the result of fire in the Pal ace hotel here today. The dead were Frank Bracken, supposed to live near Logansport, Ind., and Elmer Reese of Redkey, Ind. They were suffocated. The fire started in a vacant room on the first floor of the three-story brick building occupied by the hotel. There were 42 persons in the building, two of them women. Several men escaped by jumping. The damage to the build ing. The damage to the building was small. The hotel, is at New Jersey and Court streets. COMPOSITION OF GERMAN CABINET NEXT QUESTION Majority Socialists to Insist on Safe Representation Cen . trists to Take Part. (By Associated Press) WEIMAR, Feb. 8. The composition of the cabinet appears to be the prin cipal problem commanding the atten tion of the new German lawmakers, meeting here in the national assem bly. The original proposition was to form a ministry of fifteen members, seven of whom should be Majority Socialists, four Centrists and four Democrats. The Majoriy Socialists, however, now are understood to be contending that they should be cer tain to have a majoritjr which the In dependent Socialists cannot disturb by any political maneuver. Participation of the Centrists in the formation of the cabinet was assured by the action taken at their meting yesterday in which they decided to work with, the new government. The constitution was again discuss ed at a meeting attended by represen tatives of the various German states today at which Dr. Ludo Hartmann, Austrian minister to Germany, was present. Imperial Minister. The new minister probably will bear the title of "imperial minister" in stead of "state secretary." Several of them will be without portfolio, even though additional portfolios be creat ed. The finance ministry will be di vided into two departments, one for special technical details and to deal with loans, and the other to be the department of the imperial treasury, for the administration., of socialized public works. It is possible that a labor ministry will be created.-, A demobilization ministry and " ah econ omic ministry are believed to be cer tain of formation, in addition to the reformation of the imperial treasury department. Although the subject of the consti tution was on today's program it was believed that It would be impossible to reach it before tomorrow. CITY "JITNEYS" RUN BY SEATTLE MAYOR (By Associated Press) SEATTLE, Wash., Feb. 8. City di rected automobies 'jitney" service was inaugurated in Seattle today to break the 6trike in compliance with the mayor's ultimatum that the strikers would have to call off a sympathetic strike at 8 o'clock this morning or he would operate all essential industries. At 8 o'clock this morning no action had been taken by the strike com mittee representing 55,000 striking workmen on the mayor's ultimatum. I. W. W. Miners Strike. BUTTE, Mont., Feb. 8. Following plans agreed to at a mass meeting here last night at the call of the local I. W. W. hundreds of striking miners, some of them armed, turned back men who started for work this morning with the result that mining in the dis trict is practically suspended. Refuse Strike Resolution. SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Feb. 8. The San Francisco labor council, it was announced today, after a long de bate refused last night to adopt a resolution under which local trade unionists would have refused to work on any job transferred to San Fran cisco from- points where a strike was in progress. Textile Strike Adjsted. WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. John Gold en, president of the United Textile workers telephoned Department of La bor officials today that the strike of textile workers in Lawrence, Mass., Virtually was adjusted, and that a full agreement was expected to be reached by Monday. Three commissioners of the depart ment have been in conference with both sides in Lawrence for several days. Eight Thousand Men on Way from France (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. The battle ship Kansas and five transports,-bringing 500 officers and nearly 8,000 men were announced by the war depart ment today as having sailed from France. Among the units on board are the 116th engineers (41st divis ion) and a battalion of the 368th in fantry and a battalion of the 351st field artillery (92nd division) and the 42nd coast artillery. ORDERS STRIKERS TO WORK (By Associated Press) SPRINGFIELD, 111. Feb. 8 J. P. Moonan, acting president of the Inter national Brotherhood of Electrical Workers with offices in this city, in a telegram today directed all elec trical workers of his organization on sympathy strike at Seattle Washing ton, to return to work. ACTION FOB BRIDGE NOT POSSIBLE IN NEXT WEEK Failure to Follow Legal Pro cedure Delays Appropria tion Asked by Promoters of South Side Bridge. DISCUSSED BY COUNCIL Because of a failure to follow the procedure prescribed by law to make building appropriations through the county council, no action can be tak en by the county council Monday on the South Side bridge project. County Attorney Gath Freeman pre sented the law to the county commis sioners at their meeting with a com mittee from the South Side Improve ment association Saturday morning. As the citizens' committee, headed by E. M. Campfleld, had confidently expected to ask for the appropriation at the Monday meeting, calling of the meeting was at first discussed, but it was decided to' go ahead and hold it for discussion of the project only. Want $150,000. According to the law, an appropria tion must first be recommended by a regular meeting of the commissioners, then it must be advertised for seven days or more, and finally, after such advertisement, must be presented to the county council. This procedure has not been fol lowed, as the appropriation was only discussed a wek ago by the commis sioners, and it has not even yet been formally passed on by them. Advo cates of immediate building had planned to have the appropriation formally recommended by the commis sioners and made by the county coun cil at the Monday morning meeting. The county commissioners are in favor of the appropriation, and it will doubtless be recommended to the council later. E. M. Campfleld, of the citizens' committee, said Saturday that the committee had planned to ask for $150,000. He said that the plans called for a bridge either fifty, .fifty five or sixty feet wide, and if a bridge of none of these dimensions could be built for $200,000, he was in favor of waiting until it could be. But Camp field believes the bridge-can be built Immediately for that sum. , DEMOBILIZATION OF YANKS IS ON "HOMESTRETCH" (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 8 General March said today that demobilization in the United States was on the "home stretch". Up to yesterday a total of 67,038 officers and 1,033,812 men had been discharged, while the total or dered for discharge had reached 1, 442,000. The demobilization machinery is now at such a point of efficiency of operations, chief of staff explained, that it is capable of handling more men than Pershing can possibly send, with available shipping. Of the troops in the United States only the over head detachment which must be main tained for future demobilization of re turning units, will be left. Correction in Casualties Last week's casualty reports show ing more than 10,000 men of the ex peditionary force missing in action has been corrected to make the total 7,783, General March said today. Gen eral Pershing had reported the new total with the information that the figures were being reduced by from 100 to 200 names per day as a result of the checking of records in the cent ral records office in France. At the same time General Pershing gave the war department new totals of casualties in the first and second division, the marine brigades in the latter being inserted. The first divi sion had a total of killed, died of wounds, missing and prisoners of 5,248, the second division total was 5,260. German Women Ask Work from Army of Occupation (By Associated Press) COBLENZ, Feb. 8 Three hundred German women factory workers, many of them widows of soldiers, applied recently to the Third American army headquarters in Coblenz for employ ment, contending that with the ending of the war they had been thrown out of work. The question of employment of the women as menders of American uniforms was taken under considera tion. Night Schools Opened for Workingmen in Havana (By Associated Press) HAVANA, Cuba, Feb. 8. Four night schools for the education of working men, the first of this class ever es tablished here, have been opened by the Department of Public Instruction. More than thirty men presented them selves for enrollment at such school opening date. Special attention is to be given to instruction in drawing, a knowledge of which is considered will be of greatest value to workingmen in many branches of the trades and industry. New President of Portuguese Nation O o o P Of TS Admiral Joan E. Castro. Admiral Joan Do Canto E. Castro Silva Antumes . was proclaimed presi dent of the Portuguese republic soon after the assassination of Paes. Ef forts of the royalist faction to place ex-King Manuel back on the throne as king are causing considerable trouble for the new executive. DECLARES JAPAN WANTS NO LAND FROM CHINESE Peace Delegate Describes Ef forts ot Germany to Lause Trouble in Orient, T'CBy " Associated leia''r"'""'' - PARIS, Friday, Feb. 7. Baron Ma kino, senior Japanese delegate to the peace conference, made public today a statement as to Japan's position at the conference. After outlining the main facts in the history of the past twenty years since the Chino-Japa-nese war, describing Germany's efforts to establish herself in the far East and giving in some detail the claims of Japan to Pacific Island groups lo cated north of the equator, the state ment says: "Germany sought to stir up ill-will in the Far East after the penetration of Manchuria by the Japanese railway under the right granted by the Ports mouth treaty. She also made the most of the more or less serious mistakes made by both Japan and China in the course of their diplomatic and com mercial relations. After outlining the successive sur renders by Jpan in the interests of peace after the Chinese war and the waiving of all money indemnity follow ing the war with Russia, the statement comes up to the taking of Tsing-Toa from Germany after Germany had re fused to accept the ultimatus of Aug ust, 1914, under which Japan demand ed that Germany vacate Tsing-Tao. Pledged to China. "Japan Is now pledged to return to China this harbor and port built with German money, together with the ter ritory of Kiao-Chau, which China will receive eighty years sooner than she could possibly have received it. the statement continues. "Otherwise the treaty of 1919, under which this res toration is to be made contained no secret clauses and an agreement en tered into in September, 1918, regard ing future Chino-Japanese co-operation in Shantung, contains no stipula tion which is more or less than a just and mutually helpful settlement of outstanding questions. "These documents, with all their clauses, have been laid before the powers, including America. Japan does not seek more than a fair divi sion in this work of development. We realize that a great change has taken place in the dealings between the na tions to b represented in the league of nations. If that league is to be of any value its rules must prohibit self ish aggression, exploitation and dis crimination. We seek no territory in China and ask only for friendly co operation and the maintenance of peaceful relations. German Woman Visits Her Son in American Army COBLENZ, Friday, Feb. 7 Mrs. Martha Greeff arrived here recently and presented credentials at army headquarters explaining that she want ed to see her son and for this reason had made the Journey from her home in Essen. American officers explain ed to her that the only German sol diers within the occupied zone were those on special duty in connection with the turning over to the American army property of the German army and that Roland Greeff's name did not appear on the list of these men. "Apparently you misunderstood me," said Mrs. Greef to an American who spoke German. "My son is in Com pany B, Eleventh Infantry. U. S. A., which will soon be stationed in the region of Treves." Permission for Mrs. Greef to visit her son will be granted by headquarters. PROJECT FOE) SOCIETY OF NATIONS S COMPLETED Commission Speeds up. Work at Long Session Last Night War Council Considers Armistice Extension. HEAR MILITARY REPORT (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 8 The peace confer ence commission on a society of na tions expects to finish its work at the session to begin at 10:30 o'clock a. m. today. At a long cession last night the committee completed two thirds of the draft of the project. Final Decision Today Many imDortant matters worn be fore the supreme war council, com Drisine the council of tha roat row ers and the military commanders on an ironts, wnen it met today to con- siaer primarily tne extension of the armistice with Gnrmanv which oTnli February 17. Although the final de cision went over until tomorrow tne session was interesting from the num ber Of KUhipftR dpmnndinc a ttcn f irn that were presented by the naval and military cniefs. Reports were made to the council by the military hleh commands on th subjects of demobilization and the rel ative torces or tne powers to be main tained in the occupied regions. The Versailles militarv counr.il alan Riih. mitted a report as to the military torces available lor tne disturbed re gions of Turkey. The naval branch of the council pre sented recommendations formulated as the result of consultations among the British, French, Italian and Ameri can naval commanders, bearing main ly On the tuminz aver of tho Rerman submarines, blockade restrictions and tne surrender or the German commer cial fleet. This fleet, it is stated, is ready to be turned over, but thp allien thus far have not agreed on the allot ment or tne steamers among the var ious allied nations nor on the compen sation for the U8 of the tmmIs When an agreement is reached and the United States receives its share of the ships, they will be manned by the American nayv-and fiv tho stnra and Stripes, the initials of the relief council being added to the flag. The commission . on blockade also presented a rpnort favorine- tha iirh. enlng of the blockade restrictions in tne Mediterranean and the Adriatic. A tendency was evident in some military Quarters to fmnnsA further drastic terms upon Germany when the armistice was extended, no decision was reached as to what measures might be taken. After hearing the views of the military representatives the council of the great powers de cided to continue discussion tomorrow when the decisions will be made with out the presence of these representa tives. This last move was regarded in some quarters as significant of the gradual . change from war conditions to those of normal peace times. HOWARD TO MAKE MANSLAUGHTER PLEA A plea of guilty of involuntary man slaughter will probably be made by James Howard, colored, held for kill ing Gideon Kllngman with a hammer in a fight in Richmond about two months ago. Will Reller, attorney for Howard, was informed by Gath Freeman, coun ty attorney Friday evening, that he would accept the negro's original plea, instead of attempting to convict the latter of murder. At the time of Howard's arrest he wished to plead guilty to this charge. but the state at that time believed it possible to convict him of murder. The trial was to have come up Tues day in the Randolph county circuit court on a change of venue from Wayne but the case will probably be brought back so that the negro may plead guilty of the lighter charge. Two to fourteen years is the penalty for involuntary manslaughter. Turks Arrest Men Guilty of Armenian Atrocities (By Associated Press) CONSTANTINOPLE. Feb. 8. The Turkish government has arrested about forty members of the union in Progress Party, who are charged witb. profiteering and the massacre of Ar menians, the deportation and spolia tion of Greeks and the ill-treatment of allied prisoners of war. Those under arrest include Husseih Djahid Bey. former vice president of the Turkish parliament; Hadja Adel Bey, Vail of Adrionople; Rahmi Bey, former Vail of Smyrna; Ismael Daambolah, former minister of the interior; Kamel Bey, former minister of food and supplies. and several former deputies. Belfast Strikers Given Demands by Enfytrs . : CBy Associated Pr s) BELFAST, Feb. 8. It la unofficially stated that employers of union labor have asked striking workers to re sume work on a basis of forty-seven hours per week, with a promise of a forty-four hour week when the treaty of peace is signed. Police authorities deny that warrants have been lssaed for the leaders in the strike move ment here on charges of conspiracy to prejudice ana injure public safety.