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IUM 1- VOL. XLIV..NO. 79 i.dn8a-Teleram RICHMOND, IND., TUESDAY EVENING, FEB. 11, 1919. SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS WILSON WILL RETURN FOR EXECUTIVE CONFERENCE Only Brief Stay in U. S. is Planned bv President Will 10 Go Back to Paris on March 15. ;. ECONOMIC CONTROL UP (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 11. Evidence of Pres ident Wllson'e intention not to aban don the peace conference upon the ratification of the society of nations plan -was found in the disclosure yes- terday of his plan to return from Washington to Paris by March lo This involves so brief stay at Wash ington as to permit only the signing of bills during the closing hours of congress. It is understood that Mr. Wilson Intends to give personal at tention in Paris to the -work of the supreme executive council, which promises to be the most important feature of the peace conference after the disposal of the society of nations. Interesting developments in the work of the supreme council are ex pected today. The draft of the plan for a society of nations, will be before the commission for second reading and it is probable that it will be pre pared for action by a plenary session of the conference late in the week. Unanimity continues to prevail that the commission's report will be adopted.- . Consider Indemnities The supreme war council, although hearing the claims of Belgian dele gates in Bupport of the French view that their country should be protected until on the same footing as Germany, is expected to refer this matter to an economic committee. It is now evi dent that the supreme war council will be relieved entirely of this ques tion, which is regarded as an econ omic, rather than a military question. The supreme economic council, which is .about to be organized, is ex pected to consider French and Belgian proposals that Essen and other Ger man industrial towns should be oc cupied to prevent the manufacture of munitions and arms. This is a ques tion which bears on the ability of Ger many to pay heavy indemnities through products of industry and it Is the American ""view that the sup pression of Germany's munition pro duction can be as well assured by a system of authorized inspection by entente agents. This would permit German industries to continue with safety to the allies. Garrison Question. The French and Belgian plea that they should be permitted to recoup their enormous losses by the destruc tion of their industrial plants through the stoppage of German industries until France and Belgium have been rehabilitated is met by the American view, which Is shared by the British, that such losses should be reimbursed by cash indemnities from Germany within a reasonable time. The su preme council can regulate the distri bution of raw materials between coun tries bo as to insure France and Bel gium of a proper advantage over Ger many and prevent the latter from gain ing the world's markets. Once divested of its economic fea ture, arrangements for an extension of the military armistice can be quick ly completed. It is believed certain that American troops will not be em ployed as permanent garrisons in the Rhine country longer than is necessary for military purposes, or to insure the carrying out of the commercial condi tions of the armistice. To meet doubts cast upon its au thority, the Chinese delegation has published cablegrams received from Shanghai, the provincial legislature of Shantung, and the Chinese society for a league of nations at Peking. These cablegrams overwhelmingly favor the activities of the delegation and direct that there be restitution to China of 'properties in Shantung. Jap-Chinese Question. . Franklin D. Itoosevelt, assistant secretary of the United States navy, has virtually completed the work of dis establishing American shore sta tions in France. He will return to America on the George Washington with President Wilson. , Japan has reiterated her intention to hold the Marshall and Caroline Is lands in the Pacific, which she took from Germany during the war, as well as to insist upon the execution of her agreement reached in September last, with China regarding "Shantung. A formal statement to this effect by Jap anese representatives has been made public here. NAVAL VESSEL SENDS OUT GALL FOR HELP (By Associated Press HALIFAX, N. S., Feb. 11. A wire less message intercepted here today said that the United States naval ves sel, given as the "Cussey" in the radiogram picked up here, was taking water In her forehold and sending out S. O. S. calls. The vessel's position was given as latitude 48.35, longitude 48.15, which Is in the vicinity of Cape Race. United States naval records contain no record of the name "Cussey." It ' is assumed an error was made in tho reading of the wireless message in tercepted at Halifax. ! EARTH SHOCKS AT EVANSVILLE EVANSVILLE, Ind., Feb. 11 South ern Indiana and western Kentucky last night experienced two earthquake , shocks. Wage Cat Precipitates . Disorder in Arizona (By Associated Press) JEROME, Ariz., Feb. 11. Jerome passed a night of apprehension follow ing a day of turmoil precipitated by a 75 cent cut in the wages of the four thousand copper miners and smelter men of the Jerome district. Lieutenant John Sellers, command ing 25 men from the Third infantry regiment held himself in readiness throughout the night to prevent the execution of a threat made by a com mittee of strikers, said to be composed of I. W. W. workers, to break Into the Jail and release 29 men held there on a charge of traffic obstruction. Early today mine officials said the strike called yesterday at a mass meeting held on the outskirts of the town had not materialized, while the labor coun cil was standing by its decision of yesterday to keep the members of the International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers at their places under protest pending the arrival of Federal Mediator Hywell Davies, re ported on his way from Washington. TAKE ACTION TO SAVE NEW NAVAL BUI W PLANS Measures Taken to Prevent Defeat of Appropriation ' Army Bill Considered. BULLETIN (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 11. Legisla tion for a new three-year building was voted as a part of the annual naval ap propriation bill today by the house, which adopted 205 to 148 a special rule to restore provision stricken out yesterday on points of order by Repub lican Leader Mann. WASHINGTON, Feb.' 11. To save the new three year naval building pro gram from defeat through a parlia mentary coup, the house rules com mittee today ordered the report of a rule making the legislation authorizing the construction of 10 battle ships and 10 scout cruisers in order for house consideration as a part of the $720, 000,000 naval appropriation bill. While considering the large navy appropriation bill today, the house faced a second great appropriation measure,, the annual army appropria tion bill, which was reported late yes terday by Chairman Dent of the mili tary committee. The army bill carries appropriations totaling $1,117,289,400, and provides for a temporary army of approximately 27,000 officers and 500,- 000 enlisted men. It will be called up for consideration as soon as the naval bill is disposed of. Chief features of the army bill in clude provisions for a national guard force of 106,200 men, equipped and supplied by the war department from war stores; dual organization of the temporary army providing for the old divisions of cavalry, Infantry and ar tillery, and the new units of aviation, tank corps, chemical warfare and others; restoration of the war depart ment to the bureau system of organ ization instead of the general staff plan; restoration of recruitlne. and abolishment of distinctive stripes for overseas or home service. SHOW HUN PLOTS - FOR SUPREMACY IN INDUSTRY (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 11. The report pre pared in 1916 by German headquar ters to show how tfermany would ben efit from the destruction of certain industries In France contained 482 pages, according to the statement made to the supreme war council at its meeting Monday afternoon by Lou Is Klotz, the French minister of fin ance. Material for the report was col lected by 200 experts who were re leased from military duty for the purpose. A full summary is made of every French industry, including spinning, dying, pottery, chemical, sugar, brew ing, mining, leather, milling, clothing and rope making. The report says that all these Industries "offer excel lent openings for German traders, in spite of a somewhat hostile feeling." As the French metal industry in the occupied region had been "suppress ed," and was without supplies of raw material which the occupied region could not produce, the report said that It was possible for German traders "to substitute yourselves In- this new market." Conference Approves U. 5. Labor Features (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 11. Tvo important features of the American and Brit ish labor program were accepted to day by the commission on internat ional Labor Legislation and will form a part of the whole project of inter national regulation of labor which will bo submitted to the full peace con ference. These are the prohibition of child labor under sixteen years of age and the uniformity of seamen's wr.ges. CLYDE STRIKERS RETURN (By Associated Press) . LONDON, Feb. 11. All the strikers In the Clyde district have been in structed by their leaders to return to work tomorrow. The instructions were Issued today by the joint com mittee of the strikers. M'COMAHA BILL WOULD EXEMPT SERVICE HEN DELINQUENTS Fighters Would be Freed From Delinquency Tax Reg ulations Until Six Months After Discharge. 4 36 BILLS SUBMITTED (3y Associated Press.) INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 11. Senator McConaha would exempt soldiers and sailors from delinquency tax regula tions until six months after their dis charge under a bill which he proposed in a bill be introduced in the Indiana legislatune today. Introduction of 35 bills at the morn ing meeting of the senate made to day the session red letter day in this respect. Senator Luke Duffey offered a mo tion to instruct the senate committee on education and request the house to instruct its corresponding commit tee to bring out the bills abolishing the German language from education al curriculum. In answer to the mo tion, Oliver Kline, chairman of the senate committee declared "I want this senate to distinctly understand that the commitee is not pro-German." He said that a public hearing will be held tonight by the two committees and that the measure will be placed before the legislative bodies as soon as possible. Registration Measure. Repeal of the present registration law without provision for a new one was proposed in a bill introduced by Senator Master, Senator Tague intro duced a bill to prohibit independent candidacy for office unless the candi date announces his name five days be fore the primary election. Two other amendments to the election statutes, one by Duncan providing for primary! elections in March instead of May and one by Munton permitting absent vot ers to vote at municipal elections as they now vote at other elections. Amendments to bill on second read ing consideration of committee re ports, introduction of four bills and presentation of petitions against en actment of the proposed Sunday mo tion picture and anti-German language laws occupied the attention of the house of the; Indiana legislature this, morning. " At . the afternoon session Speaker Eschbajsh said he intended to hand down on passage, if time per mitted, four joint senate resolutions for amendment of the basic law of the state, four measures passed by the senate and eight house bills, includ ing the administration bill for the creation of an insurance department. The house further reduced the sal ary provided for in the bill recom mended by Gov. James P. Goodrich, which would create a separate depart ment of banking. The bill, which as it was introduced n the senate, pro vided for the banking commissioner receiving a salary of $6,000 a year, was amended before passage by the senate to fix the salary of $4,000 and the house today cut this to $3,000 on motion of Representative Mendenhall, floor leader of the house majority. Will Renew Attack. Senators Beardsley and Wolfson say they will renew their attacks on Rep resentative Kimmel's bill abolishing the present system of oil inspection and re-establishing it under Republi can supervision when it comes up for second reading as a special order of business late this afternoon. Although they did not make-known the angle from which they will attack It, other senators expected them to make another effort to strike out the enacting clause. They tried this last Friday, but Republican senators want ed time to consider the matter. Minority members will aid them, but whether they will receive assistance from the Republican side of the senate was a matter of conjecture. If thei pian carries, nowever, u is understood that the administration measure plac ing the inspection under the pure food and drug commissioner will be amend ed to become effective immediately. It would now become effective Sep tember 30 and the Kimmel measure would permit the present oil inspect ors to conduct the work until that time. House Gets Bill. Senator Bower's bill permitting cor porations to surrender their franchises at any time and come under jurisdic tion of the public service commission, which passed the - senate yesterday, was transmitted to the house today. It was intended to affect rural tele phone lines, but would also apply to other larger corporations. With thewoman's suffrage resolu tion passed by a unanimus vote late yesterday afternoon out of the way, the members of the house were ready to consider on final reading other pro posed amendments to the state consti tution of less wide interest. Speaker Eschbach, however, was un certain whether any of these would be handed down today. Among these were the resolutions providing for the word "white" being stricken from the constitution, providing for easier amendment of the constitution here after, fixing the terms, and number of judges of the supreme court, and providing how property may be classi fied for taxation, and others. The speaker had a number of bills to hand down on third reading, none of which is regarded as of wide in terest. , Votes Change. , Heated debate accompanied an un successful effort by Senator Ratts yes terday to revise a proposed constitu tional amendment so as to provide that the legislature shall provide for the "selection" instead of the "ap pointment" of the state superinten dent of publiQinstruction. The vote Continued On Page Five. German Armistice Delegation Asks Further Extention .- l1" 11 Hit, m - i " ' - J,,!!!11"1 J fx .a 9 1 - imfani m n? mi wwiiwiiii inmn " wmmtmrmmm iiiiiiiiiMiujjiiiiiiiiiiiuiujLJiifiili..JiWB IT ' -' '"1 German armistice delegation arriving at railroad station at Treves, Germany, allies' headquarters. . Further extensions of the time mentioned In the armistice terms given Germany are to be arranged Feb. 17, the date.the present armistice expires. The allied armistice commission under General Foch will meet the German dele gates at Treves, Germany, to arrange the extensions and revise some of the details of the terms. The picture above, taken at the last extension, shows Matthias Erzberger, head. of the delegation, in the center. At his left is Count Ob erndorff. At the left of the photo is General von Cundell. The man at the right is the military interpreter. PENNSY EMPLOYE RETI RHS WITH SERVICE RECORD "Old Jack" Hill, who has been in the service of the Pennsylvania rail road company here for the last thirty seven years, was formally escorted to his home Tuesday afternoon , by a guard of honor composed of most of the other employes at the old round house, and forbidden to come back to work. Hill, who is a machinist, was en titled to a pension and retirement last August, but because of the war he stayed in service. He entered the Pennsylvania's employ on June 6, 188L During a stretch of six years, when he was working ' a twelve-hour shiftattifghtr he" missed only' one hour, and that was when a train on which he was riding was late. Twenty-nine years of his service has been night work. In honor of his retirement, and also for his faithful service as weather prophet, he was presented with an easy chair and enough tobacco to last for many years, - by the other em ployes. COMMITTEE STUDIES ARMISTICE QUESTION (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 11. In view of the complexity and diversity of the prob lems raised by the armistice, says a Havas report, the supreme war coun cil has appointed a committee of eight members to which will be entrusted the task of studying these questions. The council, therefore, has postponed for a few days the adoption of condi tions to be imposed upon Germany, so as to be better prepared as to the means for insuring their execution. The committee is composed of Nor man Davis and General Bliss, for Am erica; Lord Robert Cecil and Major N. G. Thwaites, for England; Dr. Silvic Crespi and General Cavellero, for Italy, and Etienne elemental and General Degoutte, for France. It held its first meeting, last night at six ; o'clock. General Degoutte. who had been summoned by telephone from Lille, could not arrive in time, how- ( ever, and the committee meeting wm continue today. When a draft of the renditions has been nreDared. it will be submitted on Wednesday to the council for definite approval. bolshevhTdrTven back by allies (By Associated Press) LONDON, Feb. 11. The Bolshevik! lannrhpri an infantry attack on Satur day against the allied positions near SreHmairrpTiEra. southeast of ArcnanEel oriri wprp rpnnlsed. according to ani official statement on activities in nor thern Russia, isued by the war office tonight. Powder Plant Is Wrecked by Explosion ' (By Associated Press) ST. LOUIS, Feb. 11. An explosion late last night wrecked the plant of the Egyptian Powder company, two miles south of Herrin, Illionis, accord ing to advices received here early to day. The explosion occurred in the glazing department. The detonation shattered windows for a distance of two miles from the plant. The cause of the explosion has not been deter mined. No lives were lost. Rae to Attend Church Meeting at Louisville --t ' :'- ' V- Dr. J. J. Rae, pastor of the First Presbyterian church, was unable to at tend the great Presbyterian conference On Tuesday in Chicago, because of en gagements, but he will attend a similar convention in Louisville, Ky Thurs day and Friday. WHEAT PLEDGE WILL BE KEPT GORE PROMISES Obligation as Inviolate as Government Bond, Says Senator Has Advantage. "(By Associatea jrressl . WASHINGTON, Feb. 11 Senator Gore, of Oklahoma, chairman of the senate agriculture . committee, in an address-today In th& senate, declared that the farmers of the United States could , rest assured that the govern ment would keep faith with them in carrying out the guaranty of a price of $2.26 a bushel for wheat. The gov ernment, he said, should pay the dif ference between the guaranteed price and the price dictated by the law of supply and demand for to do otherwise would "create a state of unstable econ omic equilibrium." The presidential proclamation fixing the price for 1919 wheat. Senator Gore asserted, "creates an obligation against the government an obliga tion which is as sacred and an obliga tion which is held as inviolable as that of a thrift stamp of a United States bond." ' Of the two methods of carrying out the guaranty requiring the consumer to pay the difference between the fixed price and price in the unregu lated market and authorizing the gov ernment to pay this difference, Sena tor Gore said economic consideration recommended the latter, which . has been endorsed by the house agricul ture committee and embodied in its bill. Price Fixing Unsuccessful. To make the consumer pay the dif ference, the senator said, would only mean a continuation of the inflation manifested during the war which might have serious consequences. "Serious as th charge might be upon the treasury," the senator said, j "it would be free from economic dis advantages of the other method. It would not throw wages, costs and prices out of alignment and would not create a state of unstable econ omic equilibrium." Price fixing as regards wheat, he said, had not been successful. It had caused a loss, he claimed, of $800.- 000,000 to the farmers in two years, with only a "slight individual saying number of workers affected, he con when distributed among the millions sidfred some earlier union estimates of consumers". " of 300,000 as "too high". To the average family, he said, less than $15 a year on the bread con sumed had been saved. "A sort of even handed justice seems to be protecting the farmer and sav ing him. harmless," he said. "For violating the first law of economics,: we are now sentenced to pay a tine estimated by the department of agri culture to reach $1,250,000,000." Chronic State of Disorder at Omsk (By Associated Press! LONDON, Monday, Feb. 10. (Via Montreal) A member of the Canadian contingent at Omsk, describing the situation there, says the country is in such a chronic state of disorder that often no trains run for weeks, accord ing to Reuters dispatch "Refugees are flocking into Omsk in a woeful condition," he says. "TI Bolsheviki have innumerable men and a more or less organized army of Bol sheviki are everywhere. We never take chances and we speak to nobody but our own men. We never go out in less than gangs of six and then fully armed. : : ir "It is rumored that 75 per cent of the population of Omsk, the popula tion of which is 200.000, are Bolshe viki, but If they start anything we are ready to handle them. The American Red Cross are doing wonderful work here. They have a large staff work ing night and day trying to straighten out the pitiable tangle. The roads are terrible. Our food is of the best" COUNTY FARM INMATES CARED FOR IN 1918 FOR $2.16 A WEEK Despite the increased cost of living, the Wayne county poor farm cost the county only $6,295.42 to maintain dur ing the year 1918, a per capita figure per week for each inmate of $2.16. A new tractor, bought for $1,450, makes up most of the increase over last year's figure of $4,133.93. Total cost of the institution during the year for maintenance, supplies and employes was $21,862.08, as against last years' figure of $18,563.95. But receipts from products sold were $10,899.66 this year as against slightly over ; $10,000f6r last year. ' Gain ' in personal property was 4fi67 for the year, so that the total net cost is that given above. Number of inmates for the year is given as 56. Twenty-three were ad mitted, and there were 16 deaths dur ing the year. Health of the inmates is given as generally good. Products consumed that were raised on. the farm is given amounting to about $6,400. Of this pork was $2, 600, garden truck, $1,200, cattle $800, and potatoes and canned vegetables, $1,800. GERMAN PRESIDENT IS NAMED TODAY WEIMAR, J Feb. 11. The German national assembly has adopted the provisional constitution with little amendment. The national president will be elected Tuesday. Claim Building Work Is at Lowest Ebb - NEW YORK. Feb. 11 A strike of the basic building construction un ions, involving thousands of workers employed on contracts for the Build ing Trades Employers Association in many - cities throughout the country, was to eo into force durine the dav. according to William L. Hutcheson, president of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Mr. Hutcheson said he issued the general strike call last night after a conference here with thirty union of-i ficials. Th strike was called, Mr. Hutcheson declared, in sympathy with striking carpenters. While Mr. Hutcheson said it was im- possible to estimate the approximate Roland Taylor, president of the Building Trades Employers' associa tion, said that work in the trade was at its lowest ebb in the country. THE WEATHER For Indiana by United States Wea ther Bureau Fair tonight except prob ably rain in extreme north portion. Warmer in central and southeast por tions Wednesday, fair. Today's Temperature Noon 35 - Yesterday . Maximum 32 Minimum ........................ 20 For Wayne county by W. E. Moore Partly cloudy tonight and Wednes day, snow followed by fair. . Falling weather Wednesday. General Conditions The storm over the northwest which caused the snow today arrived as per schedule and is moving slowly eastward. A ' decided rise in temperature is taking place over the Mississippi valley due to low barometric pressure central near Lake Winnepeg. Spring temperatures in the northwest, 56 at Medicine Hat and 56 at Miles City, Mont. A cold wave is over the southeast, below freezing in Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia, and freezing at Jacksonville, t ia. Another storm has made its ap pearance on the Pacific coast, heavy rains at San Francisco, 2.52 inches. Severe cold over the northeast, 20 be low zero at Stone Cliffe, Ont, J APPREHENSION IS CAUSED BY ATTITUDE OF JAP NATION Developments Show Japan Threatens War Against China if Secret Treaties Are Revealed at Congress. DOCUMENTS STOLEN (By Associated Pruss) WASHINGTON, Feb. 11 Japan's at titude toward China in the peace con ference is causing grave apprehension among the representatives of the" oth er associated powers. According to official diplomatic information reach ing here, Japan virtually has threat ened war If China makes public sec ret treaties between the-two countries and fails to carry out an agreement to make Japan the successor of Ger many in rights, property and conpes sions held by Germany at the out break of the European war. . China is relying on the peace con ference, where her delegates are said to have made an excellent impres sion, and is seeking support from the United States and Great Britain. Advices from the Orient through diplomatic channels, the , American minister at Peking, seeking to. reas sure the Chinese foreign minister with statements of the friendship of the United States government, was told frankly that the foreign minister did not see how at this time the United States and Great Britain could divert their attention to the Orient when the European situation demanded so much attention. - Handled in Paris. When the Chinese peace delegates arrived in Paris, the information now available discloses, they reported that their copies of the secret treaties were stolen from their baggage while they were passing through Japan, and consequently they were unable to car ry out their purpose of making them public at the conference. Officials of the state department de clined to make any formal comment today -. on the situation. , The impres sion was given out that the whole matter was being handled in Paris. According to the report receiver here the threats against China were conveyed to the Chinese foreign min ister by the Japanese minister in Pek ing in thinly veiled terms. The Japan ese minister is said to have pointed out that Japan had an army of more than a million men idle at home, fully equipped and with arms and muni tions enough to conduct a long war, and to have pointed out that Japan had more than a half million tons of shipping with the intimation that this would be ready on short notice for active work. He also is said to have referred pointedly to the large sums of money owed to Japan by China, and to the fact that China had been unable to live up to her financial agreements. Japan Urges Ratification. Upon arriving in Paris without the copy of the treaty which they had been instructed to use in seeking to break Japan's grip, the Chinese dele gates made verbal reports of the sub stance of these treaties to some of the peace delegates of the other countries; This led the Japanese authorities to demand of China that ehe disavow this action on the part of her dele gates and that she keep secret the treaties. Some of the secret treaties had not yet been ratified by the Chinese gov ernment, although Japan has ratified them and according to today's advices the Japanese government is bringing every pressure to bear on China to ratify them before anything can be done at Paris. r; - , -m The most important of the treaties as yet unratified by China is the agreement of Sept. 24, 1918, which grants Shantung to Japan and admits Japan . as the successor to Germany rights, concessions and property in the Shantung district. This includes railways, mines and other valuable properties and the rights to them for a long term of years. According to the Chinese claims, Japan already has possession under treaties and agree ments of two-fifths of the iron ore de posit of the entire Chinese republic and is seeking possession of the other three-fifths. . - : ? Although they so far have been able to resist the Japan demand, the Chin ese officials now say that the pressure is becoming unbearable. - - . SEATTLE STRIKE BROUGHT TO END (By Associated Press. 1 SEATTLE, Wash., Feb. 11 Seattle's . general strike, the first of its kind and scope in America was to end at noon today, the hour set by the gen eral strike committee for the work ers to return to their places. The strike was called last Thurs day when 30,000 men and women quit work in sympathy with the strike of 25;000 metal trades workers. The metal workers chiefly i of - the ship yards and whose action has tied up temporarily Seattle's large shipbuild ing plants, remain out. It was esti mated . about five. 2 thousand union workers who went on strike Thursday last i returned to their posts yester day. r ' More returned this morning. Street car executives voted to main tain car service' which seemingly was in full operation. Military forces, it was said by army officers, will remain on duty here un til all danger of possible disorder ia -ended. - '