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VfT. VT TV Nf Rfi Palladium and 8un-Telegram VULi. A1j1V.,V. OU consolidated 1901 RICHMOND, IND., WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEB. 12, 1919 SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS TUM mum folk NAME EflERT FOR FIRST PRESIDENT Church Bells Announce His torical Event to People of Weimar Crowds Wait Re turns of Election. GETS GREAT OVATION (Br Associated Press) WEIMAR. Feb. 12. Pealing church holla Announced to the neoDle of . Wei mar this afternoon that the German folk, for the first time in history, naa chosen the head of their own state. vrtmAricYt TChnrt. former saddler and Socialist leader, appeared before the theatre twenty minutes laier ana re ceived as president of Germany, those plaudits formerly marking the appear ance of the monarch who once stigma tized the party to which President Ebert belongs as being made up of men "unworthy to bear the name of German." t Despite the certainty of Herr Eb ert's election, the theatre was crowd ed this afternoon beyond anything previously seen since the opening of the national assembly. The gallery resembled the reichstag tribune in old days, with men and women in gala at tire Jammed in every available inch of space. The boxes and balconies were also crowded to their utmost capacity. Ovation Given Ebert. A voting by ballot caused confusion as the delegates struggled along the narrow aisles. Great crowds massed outside during the session, waiting pa tiently in the cold for a chance to see the new president when he left the building, which he did immediately after a very brief speech of accept ance. He smilingly acknowledged the ovation given him. - The vote against him probably came from the solid conservative block and a few of the old National Liberals, while the independent Socialists and some others signified a lesser degree of disapprobation by casting blank bal lots. Announcement of the solitary vote for Mathias Erzberger brought a laugh from the entire house, which also laughed on the second day of the session when he was proposed for the presidency. The vote for Scheidemanh likewise caused mirth.- The national assembly . adjourned until Thursday. Tomorrow will be spent in preparing a program and definitely constituting a new cab inet. Today's meeting was opened as usual, with the reading of telegrams from all parts of Germany and Aus tria, each of which brought cheers. The joining of Germany and Austria when mentioned, received shouts of Joy while the armistice conditions and thA blockade were denounced. There was 'unanimous approval when a mes sage from the Wuerttemburg was read protesting against the armistice con ditions. Davis Make Address Dr. Edouard Davis, president of the national assembly, made, during the day, a dramatic address to President Ebert. He was repeatedly disturbed by a woman Independent Socialist, and the whole house in shouting disap proval of her actions, drowned the speaker's words at times. Independent Social leaders tried to quiet the woman, whose shrill voice continued to break in upon the ad dress. When Dr. David concluded by summing up the tremendous respon sibility of the office and the high char acter and unfaltering loyalty of Pres ident Ebert, the house launched into a tremendous, long continued cheer. During the address President Ebert sat with bowed head and folded arms. TRANSPORT DOCKS WITH i.C'34 MEN NEW YORK. Feb. 12. The trans port Stockholm arrived here today from Brest with 2,084 American troops. These arrivals included field and staff, headquarters company, medical detachment and companies A, B, C and D of the 369th Infantry regi ment, 93rd division; the 854th com pany transportation corps; casual companies numbers 219 of Maryland. 222 of Iowa and 234 of Mississippi, all the foregoing being colored troops. Also on board were more than 400 casual officers and men of various branches of the service and 14 nurses and 18 civilians. Ballot Returned After Trip Across to France A ballot sent by the Wayne county clerk's office to Lester McNew, a sol dier then at Camp Taylor, on Oct. 21, returned undelivered to the office to day. It had followed the soldier to Camp Merritt, New Jersey, and across the seas, but was stamped 'no record' by an army postoffice of the A. E. F. in France. American Friends Send Message to President (By Associated Press) PARIS. Feb. 12. The American Society of Friends has sent to Presi dent Wilson the following message: "The American Friends authorize us to express Joy that you are work ing for Jjustlce. We pray that strength beyond your own will be given you to unite the people In a league sanction ing moral force toward all humanity as the basis of future international or der. We also appeal for complete disarmament which Is vital to all." French Senate Honors President WOson --' i. v """""" ?y President Wilson at luncheon tendered him by French senate in conference hall of Luxembourg Palace. The above photo was taken during the translation by the official inter preter of President Wilson's speech at the luncheon tendered him by the French senate in the conference hall of Luxembourg Palace. It shows, left to right: Premier Bratiano of Roumania, Premier Orlando of Italy, President Wilson, president of the French senate, President Poincare of France, and Premier Venizelos of Greece. ROTARIANS TO BEGIN ANNUAL MEET THURSDAY Campaign for District Gover- nor Holds Interest ot LL In diana Clubs. (By Associated Fras) INDIANAPOLIS, : Feb. 12. Hun- dreds6f 'members of twenty-two R(? tary clubs in Indiana arrived in Ind ianapolis today for the state confer ence tonight and tomorrow. They came by train, special interurban cars. and automobile. Many were accom panied by their wives. Chief interest today was centering in the campaigns of the various can didates for governor of the eleventh (Indiana) Rotary district. Practically all of the larger clubs had their fav orite candidate, and arrived with va rious attention attracting organiza tions to boost their candidates. Some of the clubs will not be represented in force until tomorrow. Evansville notified the officers of the Indiana club to make preparations for a big delegation from that city to arrive Thursday morning. The Evans ville Rotarians are determined to elect Harold VanOrman district gov ernor, they said. A drum corps com posed of women was expected with the Evansville party. Fort Wayne not only has said it wants to name the next governor, but it also desires to have the 1920 state meeting. Arthur J. Folsom is the Fort Wayne candidate. The Rotarians from that city planned to start early today in special traction cars, stop at' Kokomo at noon and continue their Journey with the Kokomo club mem bers this afternoon. Coulter Is Boomed Lafayette is booming Stanley Coul ter of Purdue University for district governor. Several musical organiza tions and a male quartet were engaged by the Lafayette club to come to In dianapolis. Charles E. Watklns, secretary of the Y.' M. C. A. at Muncle. has the support of the ciub from that city for governor. Muncie Rotarians kept their campaign plans secret as far as known here, simply saying "We'll be there In force and you'll know it when we arrive." The coference proper begins tomor row. Among those who have been placed on the program are William C. Redfield, secretary of commerce under President Wilson: W. L. Harding, gov ernor of Iowa; Albert S. Adams, of Atlanta, Ga., first vice-president of In ternational Rotary; Jesse B. Davis of Grand Rapids, Mich., and Isaac Straus of Ligonier, Ind. Special luncheons and social events have been arranged for the women guests at the conference. JAPANESE DENIES CHINA'S CHARGE (By Associated Press) TOKIO, Feb. 12. KiJuro Shidehara, vice foreign minister of Japan, speak ing today regarding the publication of Chinese treaties with Japan, said that the latter had "simply called to Chi na's attention the established pro cedure according to which neither government has a right to publish confidential correspondence without previously consulting the other." M. Shltlehara spoke for Viscount Uchida, foreign minister, who Is suffering from pneumonia. "Japan has no intention to Interfere with any demands or conditions which the Chinese perfer to present .to the peace conference," he said. "Accord ingly, Peking and Paris reports to the contrary are absolutely untrue. Allies Unpripared to Send Force to Russia (By Associated Press) LONDON, Feb. 12. Lord Curzon, president of the council, said today in the house of lords -that none of the Allies is prepared to invade Russia to extirpate the Bolsheviki. "It would have meant a new European war," he said, adding that as an alternative, the Prinkipo conference was proposed. NAME DELEGATES TO WORLD MET Ten delegates to the Friends Wrorld Conference, to be held in London in August, were appointed by the per manent board of Indiana Yearly Meet ing in closed session at the Y. M. C. A. today. The list which follows Includes seven Richmond men: S. E. Nichol son. Walter C. Woodward. Allen D. I Unlo T-.liT XT Ttlinnn. TntA H TT ,1 wards, Harlow Lindley, Andrew F. Mitchell, of this city, and Alvin E. Wildman, Selma, O., Robert E. Pret low, Seattle, Wash., and William J. Sayers, Muncie. Alternates were also appointed by the board. Sentiment of the meeting was that America should be well and wisely represented at the peace conference, by persons who will take the respon sibility of the mission heavily and act with intelligence because the confer ence is to be "a means to a great end." Approval of the continuation of the regular work of Southland Institute, and that steps be taken to expand the work of the school by having it con ducted by the Five Years Meeting as a whole. PROSPECTS NOW FOR FOUR FACTIONS AT RUSS CONFERENCE (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 12. Prospects are brightening for the assembling of at least four of the Russian factions at the conference to be held on the Prin ces Islands. Word has come from the Ukraine that the government of that former part of Russia will participate in the conference and it is reported that the indecision of the government of Gen. Denikine has given way to a desire to join the conference. The govern ment of the Crimea already has ac cepted the invitation as has the Rus sian Bolshevik government. It is beginning to appear that a sufficient number of other factions will be in evidence to meet the Bol sheviki and the entente and American representatives to assure the success of the conference plan. The success of the conference, however, is believed to depend upon the willingness of the Moscow soviet to give certain guar antees as to the cessation of hostilities and the withdrawal of the Bolshevik forces from the provinces which they have invaded. Aged Russian Speaker At Lincoln Memorial (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON. Feb. 12. Madame Catherine Breshkovskays, known as "the grandmother of the Russian revo lution," will be the principal speaker at the annual dinner here tonight of the Lincoln Memorial association. RELEASE INTERNED SHIP AMSTERDAM, Feb. 12. A British torpedo boat destroyer entered the harbor of Hamburg Sunday and left later with the British steamer Cosma, which had been interned there during the war. ABOUT TO INDIANA "DRY" BILL MODERATED More Severe Penalty for Vio lation of Present Prohibi tion Only Phase of Proposed Amendment. GERMAN BILL THURSDAY (By Associated Presu) INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 12 Changes to the proposed amendment to the state-wide prohibition law decided upon in the house of the Indiana gen eral assembly today include permis sion for persons to make their own wine, permission to have one quart of whiskey and right of bail given persons arrested under the law. About the only changes in the pres ent law the amendments will make if finally adopted, are to make the penalties more severe for violation of its provision, and providing that drug gists may sell only pure grain alcohol. The bill proposing the amendment to the prohibition law was passed to engrossment before the changes to permit home making of wine were agreed on. An effort to kill the bill by indefinite postponement failed. Among the 33 members voting against further consideration of the bill was Representative LaFuze of Wayne and Union counties. Wright is Active Representative Wright was very active in the interests of his bill and soliciting support of members caused Representative Kimmel to ask a rul ing by Speaker Eschbach whether a member cannot vote his sentiment on any measure without the author of any measure soliciting him. The speaker said the members had such a privilege. The minimum penalty provided in the bill is a fine of $100 and a sen tence of 30 days to the state penal farm. The emergency clause of the measure remains intact, and if the bill is passed by the legislature and signed by the governor it will become a law at once. The session of the house of the In diana general assembly today' was punctuated, by. dramatic Incidents, was featured by the answer which Repre sentative Charles A. Johnson of Gas City, made to the attack on him last night by representatives including men and women, of organized labor; declaration by Speaker Echbach that he alone is responsible for blocking progress on anti-German legislation; passage after a bitter fight of the Phelps measure, provided for interur ban stations and cars to be kept in a sanitary and clean condition; the call ing of a conference for 2 o'clock of Republican members of the house, and the introduction of three new bills, one of which provides for increasing the per diem pay of members of the legislature from $5 to $10. Discuss Labor Meaesure. .Representative McKinley, of Mun cie, author of the bill providing for the eight-hour day for women workers when the session was opened at 9 o'clock this morning, addressed the house in regard to the fairness of Representative Johnson, chairman of the house committee on rights and privileges toward organized labor. He said that he believed the chairman had been fair in the task and had acted wisely last night in adjourning the hearing of the eight hour bill at the expiration of the time limit set for the hearing. In doing bo Mr. Johnson denied Charles Fox, presi dent of the state federation of labor the right to be heard on the bill, which is one of four desired by the federation to be enacted into law. Mr. Fox and other labor leaders, including a large delegation of women, sur rounded the chairman and denounced his action. After Representative Abrams, a member of the' committee, had de clared he believed Mr. Johnson to be "the fairest and squarest chairman of house committees of the house," and that he " should be absolved of all responsibilities for the unfortunate occurrence last night," Mr. Johnson said that it was an unfortunate affair, due to a misunderstanding. Speaker Eschbach, announcing that he desired that every one interested in the proposed anti-German language legislation understood the situation with regard to the measures pending in the house and senate, said that he assumed all responsibility for the de lay in passage of any of the bills. Speaking on the question of his own loyalty, the speaker declared that he wanted a "German bill that will not be inconsistent with other statutes and you can tell whomever you like." He said that the Negiey measure pass ed by the senate providing for the re peal of the law of 1869 whereby upon sufficient petition patrons could cause German language to be used in any school, would be presented in the house tomorrow by the committee on education. He said he will ask to in spect this bill and others to see that there is no conflict which later might defeat the purpose of the proposed leg islation. Amendments likely will be made to incorporate in the bill pro visions that no foreign languages be taught in the elementary schools public, private or parochial. While republican leaders would not admit that the purpose of the confer ence this afternoon is to consider the German bill, Representative Johnson, caucus chairman, said the subject might be discussed. He said the tax and the road measure might also be considered. The purpose of the con ference leaders said, is to have a gen eral understanding on legislation pending consideration. Continued On Page Eleven.l Gettysburg Speech Is Read by Congressman WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. In accord ance with long established custom, Lincoln's Gettysburg address was read today in the house or representatives. Representative Russell, ; of Missouri, for the first time in many years, was unable to read the address, Illness preventing his attendance at today's session. By designation of Speaker Clark, the address was read by Mr. Russell's colleague. Representative Rubey. NAVAL MEASURE SENT TO SENATE FOR FINAL VOTE Measure in Form Reported by Committee Revenue Bill Nears Final Action. By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 12 The naval appropriation bill carrying a total of 1721,000,000 for the next fiscal year and ' retaining approval of the new three year building program of ten battleships and ten scout cruisers, was sent today to the senate. The measure was passed by the house late yesterday by a vote of 281 to 50. Prompt action on the bill is expected in the senate in view of the short time remaining before the close of the session on March 4. The bill as approved by the house after opponents of the three year program had attempted unsuccessful ly to eliminate that provision, is vir tually in the form in which the naval committee reported it One amend ment only was added to the building program legislation, that by Repre sentative Humphreys, of Mississippi, providing that construction under the bill shall not be started before June 1, 1920, instead of February 1, 1920, as originally provided. By terms of a rider, the navy department is pro hibited from using money appropriat ed in the bill to buy wireless stations or to pay for those stations already purchased. Revenue Bill Action More than six months in the mak ing, the great war revenue bill levy ing six billion dollars in taxes this year and four billion dollars annually thereafter, today neared final con gressional action. Democratic and Republican leaders expressed the be lief when the senate convened today that the conference report, on the measure would be adopted before ad journment and the bill sent to the White House to await President Wilson's return from abroad. ..Though several senators planned to speak today in opposition to certain sections of the conference report, leaders predicted that the bill would be approved by an overwhelming vote. Chairman Simmons of the senate managers said a night session probably would be held if necessary to complete action on the measure. CHARGES EAST END AIDED BOLSHEVIK (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. Success of the Bolsheviki movement in Rus sia, was attributed to aid from the lower east side of New York by Rev. G. A. Simons, former head of the Methodist Episcopal, church in Russia, testifying today at the senate Judici ary committee inquiry into' lawless agitation in the United States." The witness also said the predomi nating influence on Bolshevist propa ganda here was the Yiddish element of the east side. He explained that he was not in sympathy with anti Semitic movement and that in stating his views', meant to cast no reflection upon Jewish people in general. King Alphonso Will Visit South America (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 12 King Alphonso of Spain has definitely decided to visit South America, according to the Gau lois. He will go to Buenos Aires, Montevideo and Rio Janiero, it is said, but the date of his voyage has not yet been fixed. U. S. Accepts Japanese Plan for Russ Railroad WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. Acting Secretary Polk announced at the state department today that the Unit ed States now have accepted formally the proposal of the Japanese govern ment in regard to plans for the re storation of railway traffic in Siberia. THE WEATHER For Indiana by United States Weather Bureau Snow or rain in north and rain in south portion to night and Thursday. Today's Temperature. Noon 44 Yesterday. Maximum 35 Minimum 21 For Wayne County by W. E. Moore Unsettled tonight and Thursday, rain and mild temperature. General Conditions Three storms prevail over the United States, one over the eastern lakes and another over the northwest and a third over the Rocky mountain plateau. Two western storms are causing unsettled weather over the Mississippi valley with rain In many places and tempera tures are decidedly below freezing. Severe cold weather over the St Law rence valley and New England states, 10 below zero in Vermont and 22 be low at Stone Cliffe, Ont Cold weath er continues over the south but is gradually breaking up. Aid Princess Pat ; in Wedding Plans ."-:V: ' Silt Crown Princess Margeret Crown Princess Margeret of Swed en will help her sister, Princess Pat of Connaught, prepare for her coming wedding to Commander Alexander Ramsay, Britith naval hero. ENGLISH REACH CRISIS IN LABOR SITUATION TODAY Demands of Three Great Unions Presented to Gov ernment at Conferences. (By Associated Press) LONDON, Feb. 12. While the press generally approves of Premier. Lloyd George's labor program, it fails to sat isfy the parliamentary, labor party, which has prepared an amendment to the reply to the speech from the throne, regretting the absence of defi nite proposals dealing with "the pres ent cases of industrial unrest and for securing, as regards wages and work ing hours, conditions of labor which will establish a higher standard of life and social well being for the people." ' Mr. Lloyd George's proposals are also adversely criticised by the radical section of the press, which regards them as vague and unlikely to be car ried out by what is alleged to be a "reactionary parliament." The labor situation reaches a crisis today in conferences between the gov ernment and three great unions, rep resenting nearly 1,500,000 workers, the result of whose demands is awaited with keen interest by the entire labor world. The unions are the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, member ship 800,000; National Union of Rail way Men, membership 400,000, and the Natiohal Transport Workers' Federa tion, membership 250,000. The unions are acting together and It is believed they have agreed on Joint action If dissatisfied with the result of the conferences. Lloyd George Attacked. The railway men's demands include a 48 hour week and control of rail ways by representatives of the man agements and workers. This latter clause is considered a step toward nationalization but an alternative has been prepared in the form of a mis sion of labor delegates and boards of directors. The miners want a six hour day" and a thirty percent increase in wages, while the transport workers demand a 44-hour week and a wage advance of twenty per cent Whi1 the Northcliffe newspapers generally approve of the Llyod George program, the premier is openly sat tacked by Viscount Northcliffe in a new weekly published today. The at tack is in an article sent to the pub lication by cable by Viscount North cliffe, who is in southern France. Mr Lloyd George is said to be a "political chameleon," who lacks force to compel the Tories and their allies in parlia ment to accept needed reforms. The premier is accused of waiting for the newspapers to tell him what to do. President Guest at Opera Gala Night (By Associated Press) PARIS, Tuesday, Feb. 11. Presi dent and Mrs. Wilson attended a gala performance at the opera, arranged in their honor, tonight. The proceeds of the performance will be added to funds devoted to the care of the war criples. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Lapsing accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Wilson , in the presidential box. which was drap ed with the Stars and Stripes. When Mr. and Mrs. Wilson entered, the wnoie audience rose and applaud ed cordially, the president bowing his acknowledgement. The assembly was the most brilliant recently held In Paris. Most delegates to the peace conference, Including A. J. Belfour, British secretary of state for foreign affairs and Prince Feisal of Hedjas were present. The opera given was "La Damma tlon De Faust" by Berlioz. - The presi dent appeared to keenly enjoy the evening and led in the applause. - WORLD LABOR LEGISLATION PUSHED TO COMPLETION Secondary Programs Carried Out at Conference Inter national Debt Pool is Op posed by Americans. LEAGUE TO DECIDE (By Associated Press) PARIS, Feb. 12. While President Wilson and the Allied premiers and generals are deeply engrossed in per fecting the plan for the creation of a society of nations and arranging the new terms to be Imposed upon Ger many for a renewal of the armistice, expiring next Monday, other subjects of the greatest importance are being prepared for the consideration of the peace conference. It is expected that the conference will spend little time discussing them, however, and will pass most of them on to the society of nations, when the latter has been created and ready to function. Foremost on this secondary pro gram are the recommendations of the commission on international labor leg islation. The commission Is one of the few having an American at its head and Samuel Gompers, the chair man has been pushing work along at a great rate, so that it is expected he will have a report ready for the con ference as soon as it is ready to re ceive it. There have been difficulties in rec onciling the diverse views of British and American labor interests, as each is radical in some respects and yet conservative In others, in the opinion of some labor leaders. It is said the difficulty in getting together has risen from the fact that there is no coinci dence between their plans. The Brit ish are radical where Americans are cautious, while the Americans throw conservatism to the winds when con sidering matters on which the British are careful. Discuss Financial Questions Meetings are going on today as they have almost continuously during the last few days, between men who have come to Paris at the call of President Wilson and the premiers to deal with great financial problems . arising out of the -war. Every delegation admits the gravity of the problems presented and the absolute necessity for their settlement if the world is to be saved from universal bankruptcy. In no place is it regarded as so evident that there must be the fullest and most cordial cooperation between the na tions now represented at the confer ence than in the effort tq restore the stability of currency, reduce prices to a reasonable level, get rid of super fluous Issues of war paper, prevent further excessive fluctuations of ex change and regulate the rates of in terest on, and the amount of, bonds to be issued. Already initial steps have been tak en to commit the peace conference to the adoption of a great International pooling system of debts, which shall include all neutral nations, whether they wish to or not. This will meet with the most determined resistance from the American delegates, who feel that America did her full share in aiding the allies by furnishing troops and almost unlimited supplies of money and material. They are under stood to be quite willing to rid France of the nightmare of German power in extending further credits to per mit France to rehabilitate her indus tries and enable her and Belgium as well, to hold their own in the world's market, but they thoroughly appre ciate the fact that it is beyond their power to commit their country to par ticipation in any monetary credits system with European powers. They also feel that some of these countries have been derelict ia not imposing. as the United States and Great Brit ain did, additional taxes upon their own people during the war to meet at least in part, their obligations, instead of calculating upon rembursement from indemnities to be collected from the enemy. The revival of the spirit of the old Paris economic conference, which planned boycotts and after-the-war discriminations, is sometimes in evi dence during discussions. It made its appearance in the desire of one country to impose discriminatory du ties on enemy commerce during con sideration of the plan to make "all international waterways open to all nations on even terms. This was re garded as a violation of one of the "fourteen points," but the commission dealing with the subject is having some difficulty In passing this point However, the general acceptance of tho principle of international control over such waterways to the extent at least of prescribing rules which shall govern navigation and defining the riparian rights of abutting nations, is to have paved the way for ulti mate agreement in the commission upon a report which will probably be received with approval by the peace conference or its legatee, the society of nations. , . I, 5. Generals Guests -At Parliament Openaj LONDON, Feb. 12. Places were found today in the Royal gallery of the house of lords for a . group of United States generals, who came to witness the opening of parliament and the royal processions. In addressing the company, the marquis of Lincoln shire said: . ( ; "I have been commanded by ihe king, as his lord great chamberlain, to offer to the gallant generals of xha United States army his majeztys warm welcome to the Westssiser Palace." - ' '