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THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM AND SUN-TELEGRAM MONDAY, MARCH 17, 1919,
THE RICHMOND PALLADIUM'
Published Every Evening Except Sunday, by
Palladium Printing: Co.
Palladium Building, North Ninth and Sailor Streets.
Entered at the Post Office at Richmond, Indiana, as Seo
- ond Class Mall Matter.
KDMDER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The 'Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the uM
for republication of ell news dlcpatches credited to It or
not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local
news published herein. All rights of republication of spe
cial dispatches herein are also reserved.
The Discontented Soldier
The following editorial from the Indianapolis
News is of more than passing interest :
Many men recently discharged from the army,
navy or marine corps report that even after two
or three months they find some difficulty in ad
justing themselves to the conditions of civilian
life. Those whose services entailed much travel
and frequent changes of scenery and living condi
tions report that at times they are seized with a
strong desire to pick up a few essential belong
ings and move on. A great many of them, broad
ened by travel and quickened by the strenuous
routine of the training camp, feel as though the
3ob that was satisfactory when they left it is
now somewhat beneath their capacity.
. As a matter of fact these men are much bet
'ter men than they were when they left. It was
the business of the various training camps and
stations to make better men out of the material
that came to their hand, and they did it. Fur
thermore, they convinced the man that after he
passed the recruit stage he was a better man. It
was part of his training that he should think well
of himself. He may not talk about it, but he acts
it and looks it, so it must be there. It is a valu
able asset, which must be defined independent of
his desire to rove. Confusion of the two is likely
to increase the ranks of the professional tramp
rather than to supply the demand for better men
in all walks of life.
This discontent is really a challenge to the in
creased ability of the returned service man. If
service discipline has done anything for him it
has taught him the value of complete and instant
command of the elements of a working unit. As
far as his career is concerned, he is a working
unit, and his business is to reduce his faculties
to a. state of discipline in which he can exploit
them to his best advantage. If he can concen
trate his thoughts upon plans to apply his mili
tary training to his civilian job, and devote his!
energies to demonstrating his increased effi
ciency, his discontent will soon wear off and he
will have no trouble in working himself into aj
job which will exercise his new ability.
Another Possible Conscription
The problem of putting the idle fields of the
United States into crops is again engaging popu
lar interest. Great stress has been placed in the
people "back to the farms." To this great end
far-sighted reformers have consecrated their in
dividual talents, educational institutions have in
agurated agricultural courses, newspapers have
been founded, the government itself has lent its
powerful hand, poets have sung their sweetest
songs, artists have painted their most entrancing
pictures, philanthropists have launched their elo
quent pleas and political economists have hurled
their sulphurous threats. But all in vain !
It is another case of the old woman trying
to sweep the tide back with her broomstick. With
an irresistible power the ever-advancing wave
keeps sweeping cityward, leaving the fertile
fields to go back to the wilderness and jeopardiz
ing the very existence of the nation.
It must be a great temptation to the cynic,
the satirist, the jester and the clown to make at
least a little fun of this toploftical creature man,
who boas.ts so loudly of his conquest of the forces
of the natural universe when they watch his help
lessness to stem this stubborn movement of the
tide of life. But it fills the hearts of patriots
with anything but comic emotions to observe the
flow of this steady and irresistible current. He
knows too well its consequences ever-increasing
high prices for the necessities of life, hunger
and eventually starvation.
Already the danger has become a peril, acute
and universal, and whoever thinks at all must
realize that either the intelligence or the will of
man must grapple with this apparently irresist
ible law of gravitation and harness it for service
instead of destruction.
Far be it from our humble selves to try to
solve a problem which has confounded the intel
ligence of so many masters. But we cannot help
wondering whether the government may not
eventually have to resort to some sort of con
scription of its citizens to work its farms, exact
ly as it did to fight its battles ! Somebody has got
to work these abandoned fields, and if we citizens
do not do it of our own volition we may have to be
forced to do it by the will of the nation !
We yet may live to see brigades of young men
and maidens armed with shovels, hoes and rakes,
milk pails and churns, starting out at daybreak
from the cities and the fields under the command
of competent leaders to sow the seeds and reap
the grain of future harvests!
Di rt n e v
In the good old days, an exchange
remembers, when there were no cou
pons and everybody ate butter, the
king of the happy country addressed
his jester thuswise:
"Thou fool, give me an illustration
to that old adage, 'A bad excuse is
worse than no excuse." and haste
The jester at once affectionately
embraced and kissed the mighty mon
The king did wax wroth.
"Thou varlet! How darest thou take
this liberty?" he spluttered.
"I beg your majesty's pardon," he
replied in a merry tone. "It thought
I was the queen."
"How," asked the stranged in Ten
nessee mountains, his eyes roaming
over a field so steep as to be almost
perpendicular, "do you manage to
plant that terrible hillside? Seems
to me you would be In danger of fall
"I can set right here in my door
and plant it," drawled the native.
"Put the cawn in a shotgun and
shoot it into that ground up thar."
"And how do you get the corn
down when it is ready for gathei
ing " the stranger asked.
"I can set right here in my door
and get it down,"
"Shoot if offen the stalk, and it
rolls down," said the native.
"And yet," the town man went on,
"I can't see how you ever get the
corn out of here."
The mountaineer divided his sun
burned mustache with thumb and
finger, and spat with deadly aim at
a yellow-legged grasshopper.
"That's the easiest part of it," he
drawled. "We make it into whiskey
and fight it out."
Execution of all Spartacans ar
rested while fighting in Berlin has
been ordered by Gustav Noske, min
ister of military affairs in the Ger
Chivalry of American Soldiers is
Praised by Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt; Jr.
By ROY K. MOULTON
HAS WONDERFUL IMAGINATION
Creel ought to write the story of the late Congress,
for his style of fiction just about suits the record.
PROVES IMPOSSIBLE DOES HAPPEN
Apparently Mr. Bryan is undergoing the novel ex
perience of keeping his mind open and his mouth closed.
NO TIME LIKE THE PRESENT
If there is no precedent for hanging the Kaiser, many
are asking if it is not time to make one.
HAS HOPELESS CASE OF GROUCH
We are never so ODtimistic that we can even think
last decade on the advantages of farm life both ! of Senator Reed, of Missouri, ever being happy again.
llVlll tile SUWlUpUlUL UX 1CSIUCULC CII1U Ul UI1CU11.1CII
returns, but somehow or other our citizens pre
fer city life to residence in the country, the re
sult being that thousands of acres are left uncul
tivated. ; .
The Cincinnati Enquirer suggests that an
other conscription of our man and woman power
may be necessary to get our people back on the
farms. It says:
Were it not so serious it would be supremely
funny to observe the futility of the efforts put
forth to increase the ratio of farmers to our ur
With the single exception of the propaganda
to float the liberty loans there has probably never
been a more intelligent or more earnest attempt
in these United States to do something for the
good of the nation than that to turn the tide of
An old man, so the story goes, plant
ed his potatoes and onions in the
same hills together. When a drought
came the onions were so strong that
they brought tears to the eyes of the
potatoes, thus watering the onions.
Some of the city home gardners tried
just such stunts last year, but on the
whole, the gardens were a success.
The school of experience sometimes
collects high tuition fees, but after
all experience is the best teacher and
the people who made mistakes in
planting their gardens last season are
going to profit by those very mistakes
One serious mistake made by many
city gardeners was planting too great
a variety of vegetables in a small
space, with consequent crowding and
poor growth. It is much better for
the gardener whose space is limited to
plant a comparatively few kinds of
vegetables, not more than ten or
twelve out of a possible fifty or sixty.
ONE PLACE SHE DRAWS LINE
Kansas City Star.
America is wealthy enough to afford about
thing except Bolshevism.
HAS NOT BEEN DISCOVERED YET
The Europeans, says Frank Simonds, can't under
stand American politics. Does Frank know anybody who
WILL NEVER ARRIVE IF IT IS
Hope the prosperity Mr. Burleson predicts isn't
coming by mail.
Start His Bakery
A LITTLE SLICE O
The other night
Some thoughtful burglars
Broke into the grocery store
And stole everything in sight.
They left, the safe and the phone and
The account books and cheese case.
But otherwise the store was as clean
As though a Kansas cyclone
Had passed through Its midst.
It was the first laugh
The people in that neighborhood
Had enjoyed since the war started,
And the world was made safe for
The next night the neighbors
Got together on the common
In front of the wrecked grocery
And held a celebration,
Including a large bonfire
And speeches and music
By the Silver Cornet Band.
The only drawback was
That the burglars were not present
To receive the ovation
Which was all ready for them.
An invitation has been posted
Asking the burglars to return
In the near future
And visit the butcher shop.
The only cheerful thing we have
heard about the income tax is that It
can be paid in installments.
WILL THE MOON SHINE IN WEST
WANTED Second-hand bar fixtures,
not under 20 feet long; drain board
and two refrigerators. W. D., Char
leston, W. Va.
The Era of Criticism
From the Peoria Journal.
WHOLESOME criticism may indicate a healthy de
velopment. Criticism such as that given by
T Former President Taft during a part of the war,
resulted in changes which improved the fighting service.
Constructive criticism of the war administration such as
that made by the New York World while the war was
still on, resulted in much good being accomplished. Sane
j-uggestions regarding certain proposed changes in army
discipline and field life, resulted in modifications and
new rules which were distinct improvements.
As wholesome criticism worked to the advantage of
military efficiency and efficiency at home, so did vitriol
ic and unwarranted criticism tend to injure the war de
velopment and progress. It will be written plainly in the
histories of the great war that much damage resulted
Irom hostile criticisms which were destructive rather
than constructive. There were some individuals who
may have been earnest enough in their desires but who
were strenuous rather than sensible. There were some
who knew that vitriol had some legitimate qualities but
who allowed this vitriol to burn up efficiency rather than
We now appear to be in an era of criticism somewhat
similar to that which has followed the earlier wars.
General Pershing has been attacked in congress because
of certain of his decisions and actions. Secretary Baker
has been lambasted times almost beyond number. Presi
dent Wilson has been criticised as few other presidents,
except Lincoln, have ever been criticised. The fuel ad
ministration, the food administration, the postoffice de
partment, the emergency fleet corporation, the depart
ment of commerce, the labor department these and
scores of individuals and organizations have been attacked
and some of them are still being attacked.
We sometimes can see things that are distant better
than we can see things close home that is a character
istic of a people many times. We might learn something
to our interest and benefit by looking on Canadian prob
lems while we are trying to solve our own perplexities.
General Sir Sam Hughes, formerly minister of militia in
Canada, wrote recently to the Canadian premier and
charged General Sir Arthur Currie, commander-in-chief of
the Canadian fighters at the front with the "slaughter at
Cambrai and the massacre at Lens, Passchendaele, etc.,
John Zwissler thought thirty-five
loaves a day was a good output when
he came here from Muncie forty vears
ago, in 1879, and started a little bake
ry and restaurant at 908 Main street,
where he was located until 1918.
" But Zwissler for several years turn
ed out more than 10,000 loaves a day,
besides having the largest pastry and
cake output in the city. While his
bread production is smaller just now,
he is specializing on cakes and pastry
and has an enormous output of each.
In 1879 and for many years there
after he did all his baking in the
rear of his Main street restaurant.
But in 1906 he was forced by the press
of business, then 3,000 loaves a day,
to open his present bakery and store
room at 28 South Fifth street.
Zwissler predicts the time when all
Dread will be bakers' bread. When I
he started there was not as much
baker's bread sold in the city as he
now manes each day.
There doesn't seem to be any reason
why every clergyman and justice in
the country should not own an auto
mobile, if reports which are coming
from all parts of the country are true.
Some of them have been obliged to
post the following signs:
"Don't Crowd! Take your turn!"
"Note the Exits. In Case of Panic
or Cold Feet, Walk (Not Run) to the
Nearest Exit. Don't try to Beat Your
Neighbor to the Street."
"Your Number Will Be Flashed on
the Electric Signboard in Front of the
Church When . Your Turn Comes."
"Not Responsible for Your Hats,
Overcoats or Good Resolutions."
"Watch Your Step and Move For
ward in the Aisle."
"Office Hours from 8 a. m. to 11:30
p. m. Only. We Charge for Counsel."
The efficient marrying expert of to
day keeps a shorthand writer to make
out the marriage certificates and a
modern cash register to ring up the
sales. In some instances the effect
of war upon industries may be con-
J siderably in doubt, but it has given the
marriage industry tne greatest boost
it has known since 1865. It Is the
post-graduate course in heroism.
Memories of Old
make the efficiency strong. There were some who per- j where the only apparent object was to glorify the general
baps through over zealousness, perhaps through parti
ranship, perhaps through ignorance threatened the very
thing which they ought to have aided.
It seems to be the history of all modern wars that
criticisms are not confined to the war period alone. There
was much unrest and much strenuous criticism of the
Lincoln administration following the Civil War. Even
the tragic death of Lincoln failed to erase all of this criti
cism. There had been somewhat similar criticism fol
lowing the war of 1812. Also was there criticism of var
ious kinds and degrees following the war which gained
for us our independence. And most of us can recall the
period immediately following the war with Spain when
the administration was condemned by many people and
by some very good and capable people because the war
had not been carried on In a manner satisfactory to
them and because the peace was gained by the methods
that America chose to use. j
in command and make it Impossible, through butchefy, to
Lave a fifth and sixth division and two army corps.'
Criticism is also made by the same man that the storm
ing of Mons four hours before the armistice went into
rffect was only for the purpose of "theatrical display."
The Canadians generally have taken the position that
a man large and great enough to become and remain the
commander-in-chief of Canadian troops would never dream
of slaughtering his own troops for the mere purpose of
preventing the formation of new divisions or for purposes
of "theatrical display." Yet the charges were made, and
made by a man of great prominence and influence.
Americans who might be apt to accept criticisms as
truths, without even going to the trouble and time of
looking into them, could well ponder over the fact that
i here are criticisms going the rounds in other countries,
and that at least in Canada many of these criticisms have
been found to be-based on the purest fiction.
IN THIS PAPER TEN YEARS
The saloon keepers' associations
made a list of-names of men who are
not to be allowed to buy liquor. The
list included men who needed the
money to support families.
Richmond defeated Elwood in polo,
7 to 5.
P. A. Reid, president of the board
of police commissioners here, request
ed the resignation of the superinten
dent and all the members of the
Supt. T. A. Mott in his report of
the city schools, showed that all of
them were in excellent condition.
RATTLING THE SKELTON
The Skelton family, it will be re
membered, was the family that occu
pied the Morton house, on the edge
of town, and after getting in debt to
all the tradesmen in the town, moved
away between night and morning.
Mercy ville (Iowa) Banner.
Nearly 1,500,000 Men
Released from Service
By Associated Tresl
WASHINGTON, March 17. Officers
and men demobilized number 1,419,386
the department announced today, 83,
774, being in the commissioned grade.
Discharge has been ordered for a total
of 1,678,500. Officers applying for re
serve commission total 26,798.
NEW YORK, March 17. The chiv
airy of American soldiers in France im
pressed Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.,
above all else. Mrs. itoosevelt was the
first American woman to enter the Red
Triangle work, and the first to reach
France. During all the months since
the first Yanks landed in France she
has been ministering to their comfort
in Y. M. C. A. huts.
The other day she told Faye Noble-
Grimes a few of the things she bad
observed for publication in Associa
tion Men, the official Y. M. C. A. maga
zine, though she smilingly refused to
discuss her own part in the war or
that of her husband. Mrs. Roosevelt
saw fighting only once the night bo-
fore the armistice went into effect.
"On that famous night of Novem
ber 10," she said. "Mr. Carter, Y. M.
C. A. executive secretary for all Eng
land and France, took his secretary
and me up to the front near Verdun.
We stayed through until the next day
and saw the start of the last barrage.
Finally we heard the firing cease;
suddenly 11 o'clock had come; the
silence was terrible.
"I arrived in Paris only a few weeks
after the first troops. For six months,
in addition to my daytime canteen
work, I taught French in a night
school for officers and privates, and
"Afraid to be out at night alone?
Not once. If only the mothers of
America could have seen their sons
in France, how proud they would have
been of them! Many times, when I'd
be hurrying along they have sung out
in the nicest, friendliest tone, 'Hello.
Y.' and I'd answer back, 'Hello, YanK."
Praises French Hospitality
"Just as I got to feeling like a sea
soned schoolma'am and just as I had
become an expert scrubber, waitress,
cook and maid in the canteen, thi
general order came to establish leave
areas. Our first selection was in
Savoie. What were our orders? Most
mighty general. We were to 'go down
to Aix and see what could be done.'
We were to go, but what we were to
do we hadn't the slightest idea. Frank
lin S. Edmonds of Philadelphia, who
was in charge, arranged with hotel
keepers to care for 4,000 boys expect
ed in a week.
"In all my life I have never seen
anything to equal the hospitality of
the French people. At Aix, the mayor
personally received all the boys, and
the French people were always ready
and willing to do for them in COUnt
lean little wavs.
"After several days of getting
ready, making everything homelike,
we all had an attack of stage fright.
Perhaps it was because we were so
tired, but I can vouch that several
members of ttiat first reception com
mittee stood around with hearts of
lead, because 4,000 boys came march
ing In covered with yellow mud up j
to their waists, and with a grouch that
covered them from head to foot, and
that spread all over the place! They
didnt want to have a supervised va
cation; and then, this first crowd had
to pay their own expenses. Since
then, however, all expenses have been
paid by the government, and this first
group has been reimbursed.
"The boys certainly were unhappy
and determined we should know they
didn't like our old 'Aches and Pains'
and that the whole world made them
"Some of the glumness disappeared
when Lieutenant James Europe and
his matchless negro band from the
369th infantry, who were a part of our
program, began with rollicking one
steps. Lieut. Europe had sent clear
out to Manila to get negroes with thin
lips to play the reed instruments, and
when these negro boys once got start
ed the doughboys' feet started to shuf
fle and presto, the ice was broken!
Serve Cocoa Over Bar.
"They were so weary, so worn that
it took almost forty-eight hours of
sleeping out in the sun by day and
in real beds by night, plus good hot
meals for the boys to be anything near i
It tickled the doughboy's sense of
humor immensely to go into the bar
room of the old casino and drink cocoa
at the marble counter with his foot
on the brass rail; and it was side
splitting to hear them say they were
going to church in the baccarat room.
" 'The casino's got religion, they
"At any rate the Casino became
very popular, and when our first
crowd left, its fame spread far and
"There were no rules of conduct, ex
cept one they imposed upon them
selves, that was that every American
girl should be treated like a queen.
"If there is anything the American
doughboy loves it Is his hot supper
before he goes to bed. Eggs were ex
pensive in France, but fried eggs and
sandwiches with a cup of cocoa were
prime favorites. The canteen did not
pretend to meet expenses, our prices
were very low; we tried to meet the
needs of enlisted men at prices with
in a private's pay.
"And how mothers at home would
have enjoyed seeing those Red Trian
gle girls keen minded, well balanced,
wholesome, just the sort they would
want their sons to know. Many a
mother's picture made by Red Triangle
girls wink back the tears, because
some of them were Just as homesick as
the boys. Quitters? Never! I haven't
a single recollection of a disgruntled,
growling girl because they were made
of real stuff; and then, too, they
weren't exactly unhappy for a very
long time with all those young fellows
hashing around ready always to amuse
and to help, as well as be amused!
"In the Savoie area we established
three centers, at Aix-Ies-Bains, at
Chambery and at Calles-les-Aux.
Courteous to Red Triangle Girls
"I shall always remember the peo
ple of Chambray and their beaming
hospitality. Even before we arrived
they had their mayor's committee, and
in addition, the little French school
boys were formed into companies to
act as guides. What wonderful friend
ships developed between these big
boys and the little ones, and how
proud the little French boys were,
striding along, trying to make their
Ehort legs take the 'oh! so long steps.
"Whenever one crowd of boys was
ready to leave we all trooped down to
the train to see the moff, and many
times we have walked back too upset
to talk, because they always went
away singing at the top of their lungs,
'Oh, Boy Oh! Joy, where do we go
from here? ' 111 never forget it. Manyv
out of the trenches, and it was not J
easy to throw off the feeling of depres
sion. Brave, laughing lads they were
"I went down to Aix to stay two
weeks, but one thing after another
kept me there for three months. Then
I was transferred to Paris, and from '
headquarters organized and assigned
the women workers for all of. the leave
area centers. I also supervised the
work of the 'bath centers' immediately
behind the lines, where during twenty
four hours' leave, soldiers could come
cut of action, have hot baths, get their
clothes washed and mended and then
"The kind of girl who should be sent
over for leave area work?" Mrs. Roose
velt puzzled for a moment, and then
answered emphatically: "The kind
who has brothers and who has been
I accustomed to out-of-door life; one
who is sensible, wholesome and I'll
answer for her success. Leave area
work is not for older women, nor for
girls of the hot-house variety.
"But no matter what type she is, or
whether she is pretty or plain, tall or
short, slender of stout, she will' be
treated with a beautiful courtesy by
every American boy in France; and, to
ray again, if the mothers could see
them they would be justly proud cf
their sons." .
have stood the test of time.
Purely vegetable. Wonderfully
quick to banish biliousness,
headache. Indigestion and to
clear up a bad complexion. j
Reports Show That Strength;
Energy and Ambition Re
turn Very Slowly to Grippe
Resolutions asking the return of
Rev. W. 51. Nelson as pastor of the
Grace M. E. church were passed.
F. H. Warner of Richmond, went
to Greenfield to take up his duties as
superintendent of the T. H. I. and E.
Awarded Altman Prize
(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, March 17 Edward
W. Redfield of Center Bridge, Pa.,
was the winner of the Altman prize
of $1,000 for the best landscape paint
ed by an American born artist at the
94th annual exhibition of the National
Academy of design, it was announced
"The Old Mill" is the title of the
winning picture. The Altman prize
of $500 was awarded to Gardener Sy-
mons of this city for his Shimmering
BY GEORGE MATTHEW ADAMS
The flowers of the field! The ancient writer was soul-joyed at
their beauty and wonder. "Even Solomon in all his glory,' he wrote,
"was not arrayed like one of these" referring to the "lilies of the
Not a color, not a tint not a single exquisite shade or shadow
but what is found in inimitable beauty playing about the stems and
leaves and buds and flowers of the carpet of the earth.
No artist has ever been able accurately to do justice to the delic
acy and artfulness of any flower. No writer has ever arisen to express
adequately the feeling of the silent heart of the flower.
Flowers cheer and soothe when all else fails.
The most insignificant little flower even the so-called "weed" has
a marvelousness of formation that no human thot or hand could ever
Flowers are the most unselfish creations in the world they do
nothing but give!
There are more lessons of love and sweetness to be gained from
the flowers than this world has yet dreamed of. But the flowers do
not mind their being neglected. They know that their time is always
so long as the world lasts.
So, in themselves, flowers are the embodiment of patience.
If you want to express your love to the one you love select and
send the most beautiful flowers you can find. The ones picked from
the open fields are always the most wonderful. Talk in flowers!
But there is one thing that I'have never quite understood the
giving of flowers to those who have gone. It is for the LIVING that
flowers were created by the great, good, considerate God
After an attack of Influenza, doe
tors advise that nature be assisted
in its building-up process by the
use of a good tonic one that will
not only put strength and endur
ance into the body, but will also
help to build up and strengthen the
run-down cells of the brain.
One of the most highly recom
mended remedies to put energy in
to both body and brain is Bio-feren
your physician knows the form
ula it is printed below.
There's iron in Bio-feren the
kind of iron that makes red blood
corpuscles and creates vigor. There
is lecithin also; probably the best
brain invigorator known to science.
Then there is good old reliable gen
tian, that brings back your lagging
There are other ingredients that
help to promote good health, as
you can see by reading this form
ula, not forgetting kolo, that great
agent that puts the power of en
durance into weak people.
Taken altogether Bio-feren is a
splendid active tonic that will
greatly help any weak, run-down
person to regain normal strength,
energy, ambition and endurance. ,
Bio-feren is sold by all reliable
druggists and is inexpensive. For
weakness after influenza patients
are advised to take two tablets
after each meal and one at bed
time seven a day, until health,
strength and vigor are fully re
stored. It will not fall to help you and
If for any reason you are dissatis
fied with results your druggist 1b
authorized to return your money
upon request without any red tape
of any kind.
Note to physicians: There is no
secret about the formula of Bio
xeren, it la printed on every p
aye. Here it Is: Lecithin: Cal
Glycero-phosph&te; Iron Peptor
Vomica: Powdered Gentian: Ph.