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2- RIG ,ABI MEONJD TP A i ' VOL. XLIV- NO 180 Palladium. Est. 1M1. Consolidated Y " AOU with Bun-Telegram 10T. PLANES ADD TO CREW TO AVERT STOP DURING TRIP Measures Taken to Complete Air Cruise to Azores Ex tra Man and Propellers Tak en on Board. REPAIRS WHILE FLYING (By Associated Press) TREPASSEY. N. F, May 12. The American navy's hydro-airplanes will set oat on their trans-Atlantic flight carrying if possible crews of six men Jf Instead of fire as originally planned, and with extra propellors aboard. "Commander John H. Towers, chief of the expedition announced today in a statement detailing precautionary measures adopted to Insure as far as possible, completion of the projected non-stop cruise to the Azores. The extra men and spare parts, to gether with a maximum supply of petrol would bring the weight of these planes to 28,800 pounds, the command er said, which might prove more than the 1,600 horsepower engine could lift from the water. In this event he add ed, the craft would, after a surface cruise In the harbor, "taxi' back to the mother ship, discharge and drain off the excess fuel, reducing the weight to 28,000 pounds the official full load. The motors of the N. C. 1 and N. C. 3 easily carried 25,000 pounds from Rockaway point N. Y. to Halifax, and thence to this point. The proposed enlargement of the crews and equipments were the result, Commander Towers stated, of, the ex perience gained In the flight from Hall fax when the N. C. 3, flagship of tho division, was delayed In her start and then forced to return to port after cruising 50 miles, because of propellor trouble. ' , Many Icebergs Sighted The American airplane mechanic worked on the N. C. 3, tied up to the tender Arcosook this morning in a temperature two degrees below freez ing. A thin skim of ice covered the harbor but melted as the sun rose to , ward the meridian. One of the JJV C 3's propellors was Bhifted and gaso line tanks filled. The N. C. 1 was rs fuled and passed Inspection yesterday. sr' The planes were fitted with belts for 1 the mechanic so that motor repairs could be made in mid air. There are many icebergs in the ocean field Immediately ahead of the flyers. On the flight here from Hall fax, Commander Tower said they were so numerous that the sea, in places, looked from his vantage point like a pasture dotted with grazing sheep. PREPARE LANDING PLACE ST. JOHNS, N. F., May 12. A land ing party from the United States cruiser Chicago today began to pre pare a stretch of cricket field in Quidl vidi valley as a landing place and mooring grounds for the naval dirig ible C-5, which is to make a test cruise here from Cape May this week. Un der orders of Lieut. Charles G. Little of Newburyport, Mass., charged with the direction of the airship's flight from this end, American sailors are making preparations to receive the C-5. Anchors have been installed about 250 feet apart to provide a mooring for the ship. No construction work has been necessary, as the airship will be anchored in the open, removed only a little more than its length from the comparatively tiny Martinsyde plane, in which the British aviators Rayn ham and Morgan plan their flight across the Atlantic. Whether the big gas bag will be started overseas after the arrival here will not be decided until she lands Aboard the cruiser Chicago in the harbor as the base Bhlp for the dirig ible expedition, mechanics have over hauled a spare motor available for use should either of the twe engines carried by the C-5 go wrong and the decision be made to fly backward or proceed. Fliers Co-operate. Co-operation between the weather service set up by the British air minis try for the contenders in the J50.000 intercontinental flight and that of the United States navy for the flying boat and dirigible expeditions has become clo?er as the time to hop approaches. Lieut C. N. Keyser is the liaison met orologist and will plan out the weath- er maps for such trips as the C-5 may make from here. Other members of the aviation groups aboard the Chi cago have been working on charts to lav out possible courses ior tne aing ible between here and England and from here to the Azores. The British flyers facing the con tinued delay because of low pressure conditions over the Atlantic are per fecting their preparations. Harry G. Hawker has tested the wireless equip ment to decide on the desirability of installing a new high powered trans mitting set Begin Army Withdrawal From Russia In Jane (By Associated Press) ARCHANGEL, Saturday, May 10. Tentative arrangements are being made to begin the withdrawal of American troops from north Russia early in June. These plans have been taken up before the public announce ment of the plans of the United States government by Secretary of War Baker, but no definite orders have as yet been received by the American , commander. American troops have not been engaged on a large scale in the past months fighting. United States Navy Seaplanes Snapped as They Start on Flight Across Atlantic Ocean, Marking Epoch in History of the World U. S. seaplanes leaving beach at Rockaway, L. I. Insert shows N. C. 4 fly another plane. This picture depicts one of the most historic events in the nation's his tory the start of the attempt of U. S. planes to fly across the Atlantic ocean. It shows the three navy-Cur- WAR VETERANS WILL OBSERVE MEMORIAL DAY Celebration to Mark First Public Appearance of Serv ice Men Drive for Mem- -bers.' .y--.-,' - : Preliminary plans for a membership drive which will be kept up, it is hoped until every service man in the county is enrolled, and for a great Memorial day celebration which will be the first public appearance of the service men of the county, will be dis cussed at the World War Veterans" association meeting Monday night at the courthouse. Every service man is invited, wh'eth er he is yet a member of the local post, and everyone or tne ISO mem bers of the post is expected to be present. Men in France Approve. Membership blanks have been or dered of local printers and the drive for members will start in earnest as soon as they are completed. Every man who was in the service and has returned is expected to parade Memo rial day, both in honor of the Civil war veterans and of those of the pres ent war. A letter has been received from a Wayne county boy still in the service in France, said Paul Beckett, secre tary, saying that the boys over there heartily approve of the organication, and all hope to join it when returned to civilian life. The meeting . tonight will be in charge of Vice-Chairman Walter Davis. GEORGIA BRINGS 1,428 MEN HOME CBy Associated Press) BOSTON. May 12. The battleship Georgia arrived today from Brest with 1,428 officers and men of the expedi tionary forces and 16 naval men. With the exception of a special casual com pany of 10, the troops were members of the 121st field artillery regiment and hailed from the middle west. NEW YORK, May 12. The head quarters and medical detachments, motor battalion and Companies A, B, C and D of the 307 ammunition train, returned fram France yesterday on the transport Arcadia. Casual com panies 432, 533 and 534 and special casual company 529 also were aboard, the vessel's passenger list comprising 34 officers and 990 men. EASTHAVEN HOSPITAL BOARD IS MEETING The board of the Eastern Indiana Hospital for the Insane met Monday at the hospital. The meeting will continue through Tuesday. Nothing but routine business was considered. The members of the board are Dr. S. E. Smith, superintendent; Joseph L. Cowling, of Rushville; Theodore Bailey, of Portland; and J. D. Adams, of Columbia City. Italian RaU Workers Given Eight-Hoar Day (By Associated Press) - ROME, May 12. By a " ministerial decree, workers on the Italian rail- day are granted an eight hour day with, one day off duty weekly. UJJL 41 IMIBSki :-s:-;-::-x:- 11 1 ' 'Mmw. : 7 X- -ioT'v5. . ..-X-... v- Tfc -w : y - tiss planes N. C. 1, 3 and 4 just after leaving the beath at Rockaway, L. I., where they were completed and test ed. The N. C. 3 Is In the lead in the center. The N. C. 4 which was forced High School To Honor PapUs In Service . R's will be awarded to the letter men in chapel at the high school Fri day morning. The list of letter men has not been completed. Soldiers and Sailors day will be cel ebrated Friday morning. All members of the Richmond high school alumni who have been In any branch of the service are urged to attend the chapel exercises. Speakers representing each branch of the service are urged to attend the chapel exercises. Speakers representing each branch of the service will be selected y PrJUfcL cipal B. W. Kelly. SOLONS TO DISCUSS JUNIOR HIGH SITES Members of council, with the mayor and the board of works, will meet Monday night with the Bchool board for a general discussion of the build ing project by which the board pro poses to erect two new junior High school buildings on the east and west side. Opposition to the sites selected by the school board council members said had been expressed to them, caused the calling of the meeting. The South Side Improvement association will also have a committee present. GLEAN-UP WEEK IS INAUGURATED Clean-up week starts Mcnday, ac cording to the proclamation issued two weeks ago by Mayor W. W. Zimmer man. "Let's make Richmond a clean city," said the mayor Monday morning in inaugurating the week. "I call on every good citizen of Richmond to clean up front yard,5 back yard, side walk, lawn and vacant lot and to help his neighbor clean up, if necessary. "Last year there was . no clean-up week, due to the war, bo our city is dirtier than usual this spring. The city has begun the good good by plac ing waste cans along the principal thoroughfares to catch the refuse usually thrown in the gutter. Let the private citizens second It by getting busy with the mop and bucket rake and broom. Let's have a clean city for Sunday, May 19, when the week ends." BRIDGES DESTROYED BY VILLA FORCE (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, May 12. Five bridges on the branch of the National Railways of Mexico betwen Torreon and Chihauhau City have been de stroyed by Villista forces, according to advices received here from Mexico City, quoting a "high official" of the Mexican government The dispatches said that when traffic is restored again, every train will be preceded by an "exploring train" carrying a guard of . federal troops large enough to repulse any rebel raid. Troops are being moved from Tor reon to protect workmen engaged in rebuilding the wrecked bridges, ' the dispatches added. Triumphal March Of Allied Armies In Paris On June 6 (By Associated Press) . PARIS, May 12. A triumphal march of the allied armies through Paris will take place June 6, according to the present understanding. The event will occur on that date, it is be- j lleved, even should the peace treaty not Lave been signed at that time. RICHMOND, IND., MONDAY EVENING 1iw""M1riiiri il i n,t-CAw.. ing oyer the sea, photographed from to descent at Chatham, Mass, because of engine trouble, is on the left, and the N. C. 1 on the right of the pic ture. OLD MUSEUM TO HOUSE AUSTRIA PEACEJIGNERS Presentation of Peace Terms to be Made in Beautifu Apartment of Old Palace. - paas PARIS, May 12. The French for eign office having been Informed that the Austrian peace delegation might be expected to arrive on Wednesday, work is being hastened on the delega tion's headquarters at St. Germain- en-Laye, where the palace of Francis I is being put in order for the recep tion of the visitors. Used for years as a museum, it contains a wonderful collection of Gallic relics ranging from prehistoric times to the era oi the Gallic kings. Experts are busy remov ing the glass covered tables and cases containing flint weapons, bronzes, bangles, pottery and other priceless collections to provide space for the meetings of the Austrian plenipotenti aries. It is also planned that the presenta tion of the terms of peace will occur in the most beautiful apartment of the old palace, which is located on the first floor and approached by a grand staircase, the walls of which are em blazoned with royal devices. The fire places an dceilings of the apartment are beautifully decorated. Tapestry has been brought from the national storehouse to cover the walls which are filled with taxiderms of the mam moth and great elk that once roamed over France. The adjoining apart ments are being cleared and a room devoted to the . famous collection ol Gallic pottery will be used as a cloak room. Two groups of nearby villas have been requisitioned for the Austrian and Hungarian delegations. They are quite distinct, so that no communica tions can pass between the two dele gations of the former duel empire. It is still proposed to conduct the ne gotiations separately, but if possible, they will be carried on simultaneously. WILSON TO VISIT BELGIUM MAY 20 (By Associated Press) BRUSSELS, May 12. President Wil son will visit Brussels about May 20, according to the Independence Beige, which adds that his visit will "dissi pate misunderstandings and establish the good will of the allies toward Belgium." ' Several projects, it was stated, are under consideration, including the choice of Antwerp as the European commercial base ol the United States. Dr. Epitacio Pessoa, president-elect of i Brazil, said before leaving yesterday that he would renew his promise to help Belgium by sending raw materials and organizing a commercial at Ant werp. A Japanese delegation is now visiting Antwerp with a view, to studying collaboration by Japan in the construction of Belgian industry. BRUSSELS, May 12. A demonstra tion organized by a number of patri otic societies has sent addresses to King Albert expressive of the Bel gian people's disappointment to find the country has been "gagged and mu tilated," and is obtaining neither the guarantees nor the reparation prom iserd by the allies. The addresses complain ; that indemnities provided are inadequate and ask the king to "save Belgium from the ruin which threatens her." MAY 12, 1919 Iinnni Trnniirne LUbJIL I CJlbllcno TO RECEIVE $100 INCREASED PAY Average Salary for Grade Teachers to be Over $ 1 ,000 New Systems Discussed. Flat increase of $100 in the salaries of the teachers in Richmond for next year was announced at the teachers' institute Saturday Dy Superintendent H. Bentley. The average salary with the increase In the high school will be $1,361 a year; in the Junior high school, $1,177 a year, grade school principals $1,328 and elementary teachers $1,010. , 1 Mr. Benuey also announced that a new syBtem would be introduced Into the Starr school, which is at present over-crowded. The system is a modifi cation of the Gary system which has been in force in Kalamazoo. One rea son for installing this system in Starr school is because It relieves a crowd ed condition. The platoon system, as it is called, is a partial departmental system which begins In the third grade. While a part of the children are taking their work from the regular teachers the others take work from special teachers, such as supervised play outside or in a playroom that will be fitted up in the basement, music, or art. This method will re lieve the regular teacher of such our- dens as the special work requires and gives her more time to specialize on reading, writing and arithmetic. There will also be a special course in litera ture which will teach children the right kind of literature to read and study. Praised for War Work. One of the special features of this system is the fact that it does away witn recesses and gives 30 minutes of supervised play in the morning and in the afternoon. The day will be divid ed into 30 minute periods. G. A. Steely who is now principal of the Baxter school will be principal of Starr school next year. Mr. Steely and Mr Bent- ley recently went to Kalamazoo to study this plan. If it shouM be suc cessful in Starr school it will no doubt be put into the other schools later on Mr. Bentley congratulated the school teachers on the success of the sale of thrift stamps and war saving stamps in the schools and the sale of Victory loan bonds among the teachers. He also discussed the Junior Red Cross and said that the teachers of Richmond had done much more with It during the past year than had been expected, :. Next year plans will be formulated to operate the Junior Red Crc5ssTon''a more definite and extensive plan . y : Mr. Bentley discussed in detail the new Junior high schools that are to be built He also discussed a new plan for teachers' institute. The plan briefly, provides for grade meetings and su pervisors meetings in the morning, a professional study period immediately after lunch in which the teachers will divide themselves into any group they desire, after which all teachers will gather together for a varied program, consisting of musicals, lectures, etc. One of the topics which Mr. Bentley discussed for next year was the im portance of supervised play and the rapid extension of the physical educa tion program. The Reserve Officers Training corps will be a part CORN MAKES SKYWARD FLIGHT AN MARKET (By Associated Press) CHICAGO, May 12 Sensational new skyward flights by prices in the corn market resulted today from meager ness of readily available supplies and from prospects of further wet weather delays to planting. Corn for spot de livery and to fill conrtacts went to ent crop, May soaring to ?1.77 after mid day, an overnight rise of eight cents a bushel. Socialists Want To Give Views On Peace (By Associated Press) AMSTERDAM, May 12. A commis sion appointed by the executive com mittee of the International Socialist congress has examined the peace 1 terms submitted to Germany by the allies and the associated governments and has decided to ask an interview with the council of four in Paris for the purpose of expressing the Socialist viewpoint as to the terms. Weather Forecast ! For Indiana by the United States Weather Bureau Cloudy weather, probably rain Tuesday in extreme west portion tonight Continued cool. Today's Temperature Noon ....... 50 Yesterday Maximum 54 Minimum -10 For Wayne County by W. E. Moore - Unsettled tonight ; Rain. Tuesday or Tuesday night; continued cool to night and Tuesday. General Conditions The great cool wave has Increased in size and re- mains practically stationary, being central over Ontario, Canada, and af- fects all the eastern portion of the United States, the Lake region and all the central states. Temperatures are freezing or below over the northeast warm weatner continues over tne northwest, where it was 80 at Medi cine Hat yesterday, and summer wea ther continues over the plain states. A storm of considerable size covers the territory east of the Rocky mountain slope, with rain. Richmond Man, Noted Author, Speaks Here CARL W. ACKERMAN Carl W. Ackerman, son of Mr. and Mrs. John F. Ackerman of this city, will speak in the Coliseum this eve ning on "The Truth About Bolshev ism." Mr. Ackerman is regarded' as one of the leading authorities in this country on the Boshevist movement. having spent several months In Russia making an exhaustive study of the propaganda. An article on Bolshevism appeared in one of the leading period icals ol the country within the last week. BOLSHEVISM IN INDUSTRY HAS BEEN FAILURE CARL W. ACKERMAN Richmond Author, Who Has Studied Movement, Speaker at Coliseum Th;s Evening. "Bolshevism as an industrial plat form has been an absolute failure. said Carl Ackerman, who speaks on "Bolshevism" in the Coliseum at S o'clock tonight Mr. Ackerman arrived in the city this noon from Philadelphia. He will speak from the standpoint, of personal observations as he spent six months in Siberia traveling 12,000 miles, vis iting the larger cities, , mountainous districtaC agxiealtiiral centers, and the front where - Admiral . Coltshak, sup reme commander of the Omsk govern ment is leading his forces, winning a victory now and then dropping back a little and according to Ackerman not making any material difference in the Russian situation. Remedy in Cooperation "The real medicine for Russia and the thing which will do more than any thing else to help the situation is tie co-operative party. The co-operative unions are unions of producers, con-! sumers and even manufacturers in Si- beria. More than 1,500,000 peasants, for instance, own their own cows in Siberia and are producing creamery products in a co-operative way. They sell their produce to co-operative stores. The farmers have elected di rectors and they sell the goods wherever the best prices can be got ten. If the farmer wants money for his wares it is all right If he wants agricultural Implements these are be ing provided for him. At present there are 20,000,000 rubles worth of butter in storage in Siberia waiting for the embargo to be lifted so that it can be shipped to the United States, Can ada, Australia and other countries. In tracing Bolshevism and its growth, Ackerman said: Move Started in 1899 "Bolshevism first began in 1899 in Minsk, Russia, at a Congress of work ers in the party of 'Revolutionists of Russia.' At that time Lenine and ;other delegates representing the con- grefis maintained that there must be a revolution in Russia, and that it should overthrow all classes with the exception of what they called the pro letariate class. He advised the Red Army, from which we have our present usage of that term. This he urged to make successful the industrial plat form, to be kept up by the Red Army. His platform was that all property be confiscated whether religious, indus trial or personal." GOVERNOR GOODRICH IS HERE SHORT TIME Governor James Goodrich spent a few hours in the city this morning conferring with Henry C. Starr of this city. Mr. Starr, following the govern or's departure for Indianapolis, re fused to discuss the matters taken up at the conference. The governor was unattended by any of his staff. He is still walking with the aid of crutches as the result of an automobile accident in which he was injured recently. Surplus Army Meat To Be Shipped To Europe (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, May 12. A method of disposing of about 100 million cans of beef and of more than fifty million pounds of bacon, included in the sur- lus of food stock of the army, has been agreed upon between the war department and representatives of the j packing industry. The department announced today (that it had accepted the recommenda- I tion of the packers that the goods be disposed of for exports to relieve the food situation in Europe, but that should this be impossible, the direc tor of sales would control the sale in this country, fixing the prices and methods of distribution with 4he pack ing industry acting as an agent. SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS; ENEMY NOTES INTENDED TO WIN ENTENTE LABOR CLASS Counter Project for Interna tional Labor Legislation is Referred to Experts by Al lied Powers. FIUME QUESTION AGAIjl - (By Aasoclatd Ptms) BERLIN, May 12. "Germany haa seized and unfurled a new banner on which are inscribed "President Wil son's Fourteen Points which the presi dent apparently has deserted," said Frederick Ebert, the German presi dent hi a statement to the Associated Press today. PARIS, May 12. The council of four at its meeting today decided to refer the German notes on labor ana war prisoners to experts for consider ation, instead of answering them at once as it did with the first two com munications from the German delega tion. . . v Baron Sonnino, the Italian foreign minister, held a conference today with Colonel E. M. House of the American peace delegation. The conference went over the Italian situation with a view to reaching a basis of adjust ment before the Austrian arrive. The conference took . place at -a-luncheon at which CoL House was the Italian diplomat's guest ... - ' SEE HUN PROPAGANDA ." The peace conference leaders have renewed their efforts to reach an un derstanding on the Italian question, in view of the Imminence of the arrival of the Austrian peace delegates In France. Meanwhile attempts are being made by the German delegation at Ver sailles to draw the representatives of the allied and associated governmtent Into oral discussions of phases of the. peace treaty presented to the Ger mans last Wednesday. French opinion as reflected in the newspapers, regards one of the notes sent to Premier Ciemencesa as presi dent of the peace conference by Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau,- head -of the German mission, as distinctly of - a propagandist order. This Is the note advancing a counter project as to in ternational labor legislation, which the French argue is intended to convince the Socialists and the laboring classes of the allied countries in general that the present German government Is working in their favor. In his note dealing with labor ques tions. Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau ! says that the German government agrees with the allied and associated governments that the greatest atten- tion must be paid to these problems. Propose Berne Agreement "Internal peace and human progress depend on how these questions are handled," the note says. "The de mands for social justice repeatedly drawn up in this connection by work ers of all lands only partly find en dorsement In principle in this section of the allied governments' draft of the peace terms. These high demands have for the most part already been carried out in an admittedly exemp lary fashion in the German empire." Referring to the draft of an agree ment on international labor compiled by the German government and pro posed by , the German league of na tions, the note says: "In order in the interest of all humanity to put these principles everywhere Into practice the acceptance of the German delega tion's proposal is certainly requisite. We consider it necessary that all states should join in this agreement even if they do not belong to the league of nations. "In order to assure the workers for whom these proposed Improvements are destined co-operation in shaping these principles the German delega tion considers it necessary to convoke representatives of the national organ izations of the labor unions of all the contracting parties to a conference at Versailles, even during peace nego- . tiations, to deliberate and make de cisions on international labor law. It considers it would be advantageous that the proceedings of this confer ence be based on decisions reached at the international trades union con ference held at Berne from February 5 to February 9, 1919." We append a copy of these decisions which have been accepted by the representatives of trades union organizations in Bo hemia, Bulgaria, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, France. - Greece, Hol land, Italy, Canada, Norway, Austria, Sweden. Switzerland. Spain and Hun gary. We have been charged to do this by the union of Germany." Cabinet Considers Terms The German cabinet council, under the chairmanship of President Ebert, took up yestarday the question of counter proposals to the peace terms, to be made by the German delegation at Versailles, and a committee from the German national assembly- met , during the day and discussed the terms of peace. The national assembly will meet in Berlin today and it is expected that Chancellor Scbeidemann will give some idea of the German reply to the allies. ' : " " The Austrian delegation Is expect ed to reach St Gennain-en-Laye on Wednesday and workmen are prepar ing the palace of Francis I for their occupancy. Reports from Paris IndU cate the Hungarian peace mission also is expected to arrive soon. It too will be quartered at St Germain-en-Laye, but will not be permitted to comnm nicate with the Austrians. 3 Dispatches from "Rome declare that the Italian people are discontented and irritated by the delay of the council of four in reaching a decision on the question Of Fiume.