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ABIUM "kiifcs VOL. XLVL, No. 140 Palladium. Est. 183. Consolidated with Sun-Telegram. 1J0T. RICHMOND, IND., SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 23, 1921. SINGLE COPY 3 CENTS HARDING HAS PROVED THAT HE IS LEADER Succeeds in First Act of Ad ministration by Colombian Treaty Passage Even Crit ics Speak Generously. D. A. R. Leaders at Thirtieth Meet USE NATIVE TREES ALONG ROADS, URGE Thompson, Botany Instructor, Endorses Project ' To Plant Living Memorial to Veter ans of World War. THINK ALLIES APPROVE OF HUGHES NOTE Becomes Known that Secre tary of State Discussed Ger man Request -and Our Re ply with Envoys. - AWAIT BEWmESSAGE Vet Captures Honor Se' v' -i-vsV & PUTS SENATE IN PLAGE BY MA UK SUI.UVAN WASHINGTON. D. C. April 23. With tlie Colombian treaty out of the way, the ground Is cleared for the great new measures of the present session, and as the administration takes up the business of making its constructive record it Is interesting to make a surrey of the field as It lies before us. The wish of President Harding, which he expressed in asking the sen ate to take up the Colombian treaty as the first act of his administration, was based on two motives, both of which were in the nature of a clear ing of tne ground. He wanted the Colombian treaty out of the way, in the first place, as a prelude, a sign of amity and act of justice combined, which should be the opening move in his policy toward all Latin-America. His idea was that before asking Mex ico to meet, the obligations toward our citizens and our nation arising out of revolution, we should first prove to Mexico and to all Latin-Am erica our own disposition to live up to every possible demand of justice to ward them. President Harding's second motive was one of house-cleaning, so to speak. This particular treaty has been hang ing fire for eight years and the contro versy with Colombia which it is sup posed to close is 18 years old. Creates Good Will. The first and most important aspect of the field is the good-will with which President Harding starts in to make the record of his administration. You can go up and down Washington, in the frequent contacts with every var iety of man that we all have, without finding, even among the most jealous ly partisan opponents, any who fall to speak generously of the start Presi dent Harding has made so far. For the most part this is just the natural impression made by the increase of acouaintance with his personality. Even the most suspicious critics have been moved to make generous concessions based on President Hand ings bearing in public: on his patience in the tremendous strain of an open ing administration: on the firmness which has been difficult for a man of his kindly tempers men but which he nevertheless achieves under the spur of determination to do the right thing; on the pains that every one observes he has taken to get good men for his appointment. This is an effort which in the nature of thing? cannot always be successful, and which, therefore, Is more apparent to those who watch the White House closeJy than it can be to the public at large. Finally his critics have been impressed with the simple qualities of truthfulness and di rectness which shine vividly out of bis transparent personality. Harding is Leader. From this ascendency of President Harding in the judgment of Washing ton flows the first important fact in any survey of the field. That fact is that President Harding is the leader. No other individual and no group ser iously contends wih him frr thi prestige. At the time of President Harding's nomination the theory was widely held that in the Republican management of affairs President. Hard ing would fill, so to speak, the role of general manager, and that the board of directors in the same picture would be the Republican leaders in the senate. This theory it may be added, was shared by several of those same Re publican senate leaders themselvs. In the campaign this theory became one of the two or three major issues in the shape of the slogan that Harding was going to be "The creature of a senatorial oligarchy." This theory is now utterly disproved. As it has turned out. President Hard ing has made just two addresses to the senate, and in both he has. if you choose to express it colloouiallv. "put the senate in its place " It is doubtful if there is any parallel in our history for this twice repeated declaration of n president to the senate and in the l.res'-nce of the senate that there must "be c.i its part no expectation of any surrender of executive prerogative. Use Free Hand. The foreign pffairs which President Harding referred to will be one of four field in which, roughly, the important business of the present session will divide itself. In this fi"ld of foreign affairs President Harding and his secretary of state are now functioning with a free hand unooitarassed by anv such jealous insistenc on the Part of t'ie senate as created the deadlock of th nast two yp.nrs. The second field in which the work of the prent session will express it s'f is tht of governmental house cierirg. Her?, too. here lias been a rTtoSf for leadership between the White House and the capitol. The re organization of the goernment which is iust now in process of beginning is ' rimarilv a function of congress. No bureau can be lifted out of one depart ment into another except by act of eo" Kress. Moreover, ordinarily congress is ex ceptionally unwilling to make such chansrs. They always involve person al consenunces to government em ployees prd when tliev are propopl the employe" affected hurrv with r'Tmcd complaint to the members of congress or t the equators from their states. For this ard for broader rea sons congress started out by taking Hie iri of government re-organization ino their hands. A ''"sre of tenseness arose and President Harding has made an extra- ( Continued on Page Four) teKftk hi m mp 'TiK 2 - - ' ' The Daughters of the American Revolution recently held their 30th continental congress in Washington, and later paid a visit to the President and Mrs. Harding. In the top row, left to right, are: Mrs. Smith, Mrs. CAMPAIGN MEETING FOR NEW GOVERNMENT SCHEDULED TUESDAY Meetings to form a complete organ ization in every ward of the city to conduct the campaign for the adop-j tion of a city manager form of gov-i ernment in Richmond will be held at 7:30 o'clock Tuesday evening. Sep arato meetings will be held in each ward. At the ward meetings, a president, vice-president and secretary will be elected to take charge of the cam paigning. irt- that? rard. -'-The repre sentatives from each ward will then hold a meeting Friday night, April 29, and select a city chairman. A discussion of the methods by which the campaign is to be con ducted was held Friday night by the temporary central committee that has had the work of securing the calling of a special election in hand. The tentative plan for starting the cam paign favoring the city manager form of government as outlined at Friday night's meeting, is to begin with the voters of the city in forming the cam paign committees. This will probably result in a re-organization, those act ive thus far state. All Voters to Meet The meetings next Tuesday night are i j mass meetings. All voters interested j ! or favoring the adoption of the new form of government are asked to be present at the ward meetings to as sist in the organization. Places of meeting are as follows: First ward, court house; second ward, city hall, council chamber; third ward, high school: fourth ward. Chamber of Commerce rooms; fifth ward, Starr school, sixth ward. East Main street Friends' church; seventh ward, Baxter school; eighth ward, Se vastopol school. . . Civic and other organizations of the city will be asked to appoint repre sentatives to help in the forth coming campaign. The Rotary, Kiwanis, Women's and Yo.ung Men's Business clubs. Central Labor Council and South. Side Improvement .association are sure to have representatives, it is said, and one or two others are ex pected to join in the movement. Will Select Chairman. The plan as outlined thus far is to have the presidents, vice-presidents and secretaries of each ward meet and select the city chairman. This city chairman will then pick his own ex executive committee tor the direction of the campaign. Pending the election of the city chairman the campaigning in favor of the proposed change in municipal gov ernment will be at a standstill. Ac tive work will probably not be or ganized until the first week in May. Five weeks will then be left to put before the people of the city the pro posed plan. One of the first meetings probably will be the mass meeting in the Coli seum on Monday n'ght. May 16, which will be addressed by A. R. Hatton, of Western Reserve university. Mr. Hat ton is being brought to Richmond by the Chamber of Commerce. He was active in the drafting of the Knapp law which gives cities of Indiana the right to determine the form of govern ment they desire. He is a noted au thority on municipal affairs. U. S, CHALLENGES COURT IN COAL CASE WASHINGTON, April 23. The gov ernment's answer to application of the National Coal association for an in- junction restraining officials of the department of justice from serving subpoenas on any officer of the as sociation, to appear in Indianapolis, in connection with the indictments there of 126 coal operators on price fixing charge, was filed today in the district supreme court. Jurisdiction of the court is challenged and the govern ment argued also that the action was in effect a suit against the United States without its consent. Group of Leaders of the D. A. R. Snapped During Merrick Davis, Mrs. Rhodes Baker, Mrs. T. J. Groce. Miss Sallie Sewrlght Dowdy of Washington, Mrs. W. L. Dunne, hostess to the delegates in Washington. Middle row: Mrs. P. S. Griffith, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, Curtain Drawn Back on Horrors Americans Sustain in Russia PALLADIUM NEWS mmEAU WASHINGTON, April 23. In a com munication written by Harold Carlson, an American citizen, now held as a hostage at Moscow, Russia, which ha3 been submitted to Representative R. N. Elliott, of Indiana,, by one of his constituents, the curtain which has shielded events that have taken placo in that country is drawn back, suffi ciently to expose the horrors a group of 39 American men, women and chil dren have been exposed to for many months.-"- " ' ' Representative Elliott has submitted to Secretary of State Hughes, a re port based on the statements con tained in Carlson's letter. It lists th9 names of all Americans in Moscow. This report was requested by Mr. Hughes, who states that one of the most difficult probkms the state de partment has to contend with is secur ing the release of Americans who aie being held prisoners by the Russian soviet government Carlson, who states that he Is act ing as the delegate of the American colony in Moscow, submits the terms by which the Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the soviet government will consider proposals for the release of American prisoners. Briefly stated, these teims involve the recognition of the Bolshevist government by the American government, which the Wil son administration vefused to do and which apparently is the policy of tho LEGION AT LIBERTY TO HONOR WAR HERO UBSRTY,' Itfd.. "Ai'ril 23. The body of Simon Ethelbert Snyder, one of the first Union county boys to enter the service and the first to be killed in action in the World war, arrived here at 4 o'clock Saturday afternoon. Snyder was killed October 15. 191S. He was a son of the iate Newton Sny der. astronomer, of this place. Funeral services will be held at 2 o'clock Sunday afternoon, in the Pres byterian church at Liberty. Rev. W. H. Reynolds, assisted by Dr. D. R. Moore will officiate. The services will be under the auspices of the Simon Ethelbert Post of the American Le gion. Survivors are two brothers John Snyder and Isaac Newton Sny der, and a sister, Antoinette. VIVIAN! PRAISES AMERICAN LEGION (By Associated Prfsss NEW YORK April 23. A wireless message of congratulatipns to the American legion, sent by Rene Vivi anl, now en route to France after a special mission of courtesy from the French government to this couutry, was made public here today by Mar cel Knecht. the former premier's sec retary while he was in this country. The message read: "Before return ing to Fiance I cannot refrain from expressing my affectionate greetings to the American legion, to its nation al commander, Col. F W. Galb.aith. Jr., and to the commander-in-chief of the American expeditionary fo.ces, my beloved and valiant friend, Gen. John J. Pershing. I shall never for get the enthusiastic mass meeting where I saw in front of roe the cour ageous soldiers assembled to listen to the voice of France. I hail them, and I await expectantly their visit to France this year. Amongst the great people who love them they will find anew the image of the great country which they honor. "RENE VIVIANI." CONGRESS TAKES DAY OFFt WASHINGTON. April 23. Con gress was -not in session today, the senate having adjourned Thursday, and the huse yesterday until Monday. the Congress vice-president general of the con gress; Mrs. Ike B. McFarland. state regent; Mrs. Morris Sheppard, wife of the senator from Texas, and Mrs. A. V. Lane of Dallas, Texas, former vice president general. present administration. Carlson states in his letter that when the American colony received from the Commissar of Foreign Affairs his terms for their release their hopes were "immediately crushed." Letter Gets Out. How Carlson's letter got out of Rus sia is not known, nor is it known whether he and his unfortunate asso ciates have been able to survive the rigors of the Russian winter. . The let ter waswritten sgYcraJLFeelWaso " Carlson has "been a captive of the Bolshevists for over two years. Many of the other Americans in Moscow have been imprisoned an equal length of time. He pleads that food be sent to them through the Danish Red Cross in the event the American government cannot effect their release. Carlson explains that several months ago he had the opportunity of meeting Dr. Nansen, the famous Nor- (Continued on Page Four) SHRINE CLUB PATROL TO MARCH TONIGHT With the support of the public, the Margaret Smith home for old ladies will be provided with fund3 to build a two-story porch when the Zem Zem club turns in the receipts from the sale of tickets for that purpose Satur day night. Each ticket will sell for 25 cents and will entitle the holder to admittance to any motion picture house in Richmond between the hours of 2 and 6 o'clock Thursday and Fri day aftei noons. April 28 and 20. Zem Zem patrol members are to appear :n parade in full uniform on Main strec after 7 o'clock Saturday night. Music is to be furnished by the American legion band. Other members of the Zem Zem club are to march, and the procession will stop every square or two to allow Boy Scouts accompanying them to sell the benefit tickets to the public. Every cent of the money raised goes toward the porch fund, it is an nounced by the club. Motion picture houses are not receiving a cent from the proceeds. Zem Zem members are to meet at the club rooms at 6:30 o'clock Saturday night. The parade is to start fiom Fourth and Main streets at 7 o'clock. CUSTER'S LAST WHITE SCOUT, JAMES FLANAGAN, 84, DIES MANDEN. N. D.. April 23. James Flanagan, 84 years old, said to be the last surviving white scnut of General Custer's Seventh cavalry, died here yesterday. Weather Forecast MOORE'S LOCAL FORECAST Fair Tonight; Rain Sunday Night Generally fair weather is in pros pect for tonight and Sunday morning. Cool tonight followed by rising tem perature Sunday and rain about Sun day night or Monday. For Indiana by the United States Weather Bureau Fair and warmer to night; Sunday increasing cloudiness and warmer followed by showers Sun day night. Temperatures for Yesterday Maximum 65 Minimum 53 Today Noon 55 Weather Conditions The general rainstorm of the past 36 hours is now passing northeastward down the St. Lawrence valley and fair weather is overspreading the central states today but another storm is moving eastward from the Rocky mountains. It re mains cool over the central states but is warm over the Plain slates. Barometric Pressure 7 A. M 26.68 10 A. M 29.73 Noon 29.79 ENLIST ORGANIZATIONS "Planting trees along national high ways in honor of soldiers, sailors and marines who served in the World war, is a capital idea," said John Thompson, instructor of botany at the local high school, Saturday. "Aside from its purpose, there is no ques tion about it beautifying our road ways. "I have driven 15 miles in an auto mobile, this side of Fort Wayne with out finding a suitable tree under which to spread a lunch." said Mr. Thompson, commenting upon the need of shade trees. There have been no trees planted along national high ways, and the only ones we have are those that have just been allowed to remain. In Michigan, my home state, there are a number of trees along country thoroughfares." Prof. Thompson has made a careful study of botanical subjects, and sug gested that each state plant along its naMonal highways only trees native to that state. "We should not go out side to get a tree." he declared. "It is my opinion that the native black walnut and the red oak would be ex cellent trees for Indiana. I also be lieve that nearly all of the trees need ed in Indiana could be obtained from Indiana woods. It is sometimes bet ter, however, to buy them from a state nursery, because they grow trees from the seed and after transplant ing several times the trees have very compact roots. Points Out Best "Trees from three to six years old would be best. When you get them older than that they are not 60 vigor ous and often die when transplanted. It would be only a matter of four or five years to see how grandly the highways will appear. Of course we will never see them at their best." Only endorsement of the warmest kind was given by Prof Thompson to I the proposed tree memorial project Prominent foresters have joined the movement to plant trees in memory of every American soldier who fought in the World War, Patriotic and service organizations want to take part in foresting the country as a token of love to the mem ory of the fighters. If a tree is planted in honor of every service man, more than 4,000,000 will fringe the national highways. Strengthen Citizenship The. significance of this will sink deep into the nation's consciousness, strengthening the sense of our nation hood and our common citizenship. Above all else, it will write across the face of the continent, in symbols of living beauty, the real meaning of the American republic, which is that I our institutions, our strength, our prosperity, our progress, rest upon the individual citizen private as well as general, from the president, with his heavy burdens, to the untried youth casting his first ballot. That tremendous reality we call America j rests upon each of us, stones in a i mighty arch which bears the nation's destiny and, we may say it without arrogance, the foremost hope of nian ! kind. j ! James J. Davis, director general of j the Loyal Order of Moose, wrote that Mooseheart, 111., the home of the or ganization, "will gladly join in the movement to plant a tree for every I soldier in the World war." "During ! the war," he says, "the army depart ment established Camp Mooseheart, I where men were given instruction in I concrete work. Mooseheart is on the I Lincoln highway. It is a wonderful j j plan." J The Ottawa Illinois Woman's club! ! claims to be the first to plant trees along ihe Linco!n highway in honor I of the soldier dead. On March 29 it J hr.d landscape gardeners of Chicago ' plant 30 trees in memory of 30 native i sons who gave their lives in the war. R. S Kellogg, chief of the national ; forestry program, was in Chicago yes terday and declared the memorial idea an excellent one. "Any help I can give you can count upon," he ; said. i Highlev Has Strong Support as State T. 'P. A. President Every member of the local T. P. A. post is urged to be present at the meeting in the club rooms Saturday night. Every weekly meeting is the scene for renewed zeal and enthusiasm for the election of their brother member, John P. Highley, for state T. P. A. president. With the state convention, at which time the fate of the local candidate will be decided, getting nearer and nearer the determination of the Richmond post that Highley be elected is becoming more pronounced. Co-operation of many local manufac turers is being received in the cam paign, and the secretary-manager of 1 the Chamber of Commerce has sent personal letters to all parts of the state canvassing for Highley'B elec tion. A great deal of support is being lined up, it is believed. Next Satur day night, April 30, is to be "Ladies' Night." A program will be presented. PARIS SOLON8 PASS GENERAL AMNESTY BILL (By Associated Prets PARIS. April 23. The general am nesty bill covering offenses com mitted during the war, was passed by the chamber this afternoon. The vote was 528 for the measure to 14 against " , . A I ''" " '''' v J 1 ' . - " - t f ye.-: V ..w .-....-.v.w. . .-.-.v.-.v. -.-v -mew Wesley C. Brooker When war was declared Wesley C. Brooker dropped his books at Mechan ic Arts high school, St. Paul, and en tered the Plattsburg training camp. He saw service in the Argonne and at the battle of Soissons. When war ended he returned and entered Harv ard. Recently he was awarded the Francis Burr scholarship there for highest scholarship, character, leader ship and athletic ability. SOUTHERN IRELAND AWAITS ACTION BY ' BRITISH GOVERNMENT (By Associated Press) DUBLIN, April 23 Moderate or ganizations formed in southern Ire land to put forth candidates for the southern Ireland parliament and to work out the home rule act have been dissolved. Members of the Dominion league will not intervene unless the British government promises the par liamentary elections will be treated as furnishing a constituent assembly, charged with the task of discovering a solution of the Irish problem. Lord Decies, a representative -peer of Ire land and a member of the house of lords, is said to intend to offer him self for election to the south Irish parliament from north Kildare. Sinn Fein leaders would welcome his can didacy, and have promised that should he enter the lists, he will receive good treatment. Contest to be Keen All the elections to be held in northern Ireland will be keenly fought the Nationalists and Sinn Feiners having agreed upon mutual candi dates, and the full strength of the Nationalist Catholic vote will be polled. Belief is expressed here that the Nationalists will secure 20 out of 52 seats in the northern Irish parlia ment, but this party's candidates have pledged themselves to refuse to at tend meetings of the body, which will, nevertheless, establish itself and ap point judges and officials. It seems certain the failure of southern Ireland to provide men for the election will compel the lord lieutenant to nominate men to fill the seats of the southern legislative body. HAYWOOD HEADS RED PROPAGANDISTS (By Associated Press) CHICAGO, April 23. Federal offi cials today said they had received information that "Big Bill" Haywood I. W. W., chief, who is believed to be in Russia had gone to that country to become head of the propaganda bureau of the soviet government. Haywood's time limit for reporting at Leaven worth, Kansas penitentiary, where he was scheduled to serve 20 years for obstruction of war activities expires Monday. John B. Aring, 79, Answers Death's Call John B. Aring. 79 years old, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Henry Niewoehner, 501 South Fifth street, Friday evening. He is survived by three daughters. Mis. Niewoehner, Mrs. Henry Miller and Mrs. Harry Knopf; one son, John Aring, one sister, Mrs. Fred Sherman, one brother. Harry Aring, and five grandchildren Funeral services will be held from the home of his daughter, Mrs. Nie woehner, at 2 o'clock Monday after noon. Charles Ross, Navy Officer, is Cited for Bravery Lieutenant Commander Charles C. Ross, a former Richmond boy, was honored recently when the navy med al was awarded to six of the officers of the United States navy yard at Norfolk, Va. His citation follows: "Lieutenant Commander Charles C. Ross is cited for distinguished serv ice in the line of his profession as commanding officer of the U. S. S. Drayton, engaged in the important, ex acting and hazardous duty of patrol ing the waters infested with enemy submarines and mines, in escorting and protecting vitally important con veys of troops and supplies through these waters, and in offensive and de fensive action vigorously and unre mittingly prosecuted against all forms of enemy naval activity." (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON. April 23 Approval of the course of American government with respect to the reparations con troversy is believed to have been in dicated by the allies' diplomats here before the despatch of Secretary Hughes' reply to the Berlin appeal that President Harding act as med iator and fix the sum Germany must pay it became known today that the German request and American reply were discussed Informally by the sec retary of state and the European am bassadors, and it is understood that ths foreign office envoys were ap praised of the character of the Ameri can reply in the interim between the receipt of the German memorandum and the sending of the response. State department officials were awaiting today the answer from Ber lin, which, press despatches from that city say was about to be made after being placed before the Reichs tag. Until its receipt officials are withholding comment on the whole subject. It is expected, however, that whatever proposal is made will be submitted first to the diplomatic rep resentatives here. LYMPNE, April 23. Premier Lloyd George of Great Britain and Briand of France engaged in a discussion of the French proposals for occupation of the Ruhr basin in the event of Germany's failure to fulfill her repara tions obligations and the German note on reparations, said an official state ment issued shortly after 6 o'clock to night. The discussion will continue until a late hour tonight and will be resumed tomorrow, the - statement adds. The two statesmen will meet at the villa of Sir Philip Sassoon. where they have held conferences in the past. The French plan is broadly, a pro ject for administration and taxing for the benefit of the allies the Ruhr coal basin and some parts of the Westphal ian industrial district of Germany. Report Agreement. The two premiers were understood today to be in agreement as to the general plan to be followed, but it was said they wished to have a com plete mutual understanding of what was to be done early in May, if in the interval the German government does not submit acceptable proposals. A fre6h German proposal is expected to be submitted to the allies immedi ately, but even its 6erious discussion would seem to be conditioned upon satisfactory guarantees of execution. Guarantees of a material sort would not have been expected at the time of the London conference early in March but the situation is regarded by the French government as having been greatly changed in Germany. Information gathered here this morning indicated that Germany's lat est offer to assist In the reconstruc tion of devastated areas in France and Belgium would not be probable to ex ert any Influence on the deliberation of the French and British premiers. It appears that the present German government Is in a weak position, in formation to this effect being received from allied commissions in Berlin. A certain amount of indulgence has been felt toward the German cabinet because of the knowledge that it dW not possess the united support of the country which Is divided among the imperialists, the two socialist part!e. the Centrists end the Liberals, with the pan-German sects and the Stirines group exerting powerful influence. There is slight probability, according to oniciai advices reaching the al lied governments, that these German political groups will be able to agree upon the reparation policy. PAKIS. April 23. Germany's new reparation proposal will be disnatrhel i to Washington this evening according to a Berlin dispatch received here this afternoon. The cabinet met durlne the J afternoon, says a message, to make a iinaj arar: or uerraauy s answer to the American note, and it is under stood the proposal will be embodied in the communication to be transmit ted by tonight. Consideration of the German govern ment's note to the United States was completed at a meeting of the German cabinet last night, says a message received here from - Berlin. Party leaders late met with with Konstan tine Fehrenbach, the chancellor. ,to hear a report from Dr. Walter Simons, ioreign minister, and to express their opinion on the proposals sent to Presi dent Harding. The meeting was se cret. BRUSSELS. April 23. Louis Loach eur, French minister of tho liberated regions, arrived in Brussels this morn ing and immediately conferred with M. Jaspar. the foreign minister, to whom be imparted the plan for fur ther occupation of German territory in the eventuality of the non-payment by Germany of the reparations due May 1. M. Loucheur declared that the Belgians need not fear-a call fo mobilization of additional classes, as the military measures would be com pleted without asking either the Bel gians or. British for additional troop beyond nominal participation. . It - i learned, however, that the Belgian troops of occupation in the Rhineland have been reinforced . during the, last 48 hours. . .' ,;;' 3P. ' 1 ' '.'" .rV;., -ir'i . ' t : .-..-w . V. A .4 - . . . . - . V"