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A .ABIUM 'A ASD SUN-TELEGRAM VOL. XCII., No. 311 Palladium, Est. 1831. Consolidated With Sun-Telegram. 1907. RICHMOND, IND., SATURDAY EVENING, DEC. 30, 1922. SINGLE COPY, 3 CENTS RICH HARDING AND HUGHES PLAN TO BEFOUGHT Congress to Criticize Proposal Ex-Mayor is Held as Klan Murder Suspect By LAWRENCE MARTIN WASHINGTON. Dec. 30. The ad ministration's plan for dealing with the world economic crisis will be bitterly fought In congress. Though the Harding-Hughes propos al for an Inter-allied n commission of experts to solve the reparations prob lem was revealed by Secretary Hugh es In his New Haven speech and by Mr. Harding himself does not con template any request to either house of congress within the near future for further legislative authority in both houses, the plan will be criti cized in a way calculated to arouse public opinion against it. Inevitably in the opinion of admin istration spokesmen in the senate, Mr. Harding must ask for broader grants of power from congress before his plan can be fully carried out. When he does this, he will face: prob able defeat, administration leaders admitted today, unless in the meant ime the country has been won over to his plan as the possible solution. Republicans Angered. Tbe manner in which the adminis tratipn has thus far conducted its ef forts to get in motion an economic conference of some sort has angered not only Democrats but some Repub licans in congress for these reasons: 1. Because President Harding, in his letter to Senator Lodge on the Borah amendment for an economic conference reiterated the position so often taken by presidents that the senate should keep its hands off for eign affairs, until it was asked to act. 2. Because the plan as outlined by the various administration spokesmen is considered in congress to be an in ternational bankers plan. 3. Because many members of con gress are not convinced by admin istration denials of any Intention to approve cancellation of the allied war debt. I For this reason it would be diffi cult if not impossible to obtain amend ment of the debt refunding act to per mit extension of more liberal terms. NEW HAVEN, Conn., Dec. 30. -The long looked for American plan for in tervention in Europe finally has been officially revealed by Secretary of State Hughes in an address here last nisht. Its outstanding feature is a commis sion of business men and experts rep resenting the principal European gov ernments and the United States, which btinll Ttidbo on AYhnilQtivA stllHv nf the reparations question. This commission, which would be free from instructions by premiers and secretaries of state in order to take the problem out of politics, would rec ommend a revised reparations figure up to the limit of Germany's ability to pay. This recommendation then would be submitted to the respective govern ments for approval. Outstanding busi riess men and financial experts would be selected for the commission in the hope that the peoples and governments of the world would favor acceptance of their findings. Should this be successful, the admin istration would be willing to ask con eress for easier funding terms for the $11,000,000,000 allied debt to the United States. With the European economic structure re-established through this plan, this government would give its approval to a loan by private interests in Germany. if Mi l cy v p r s '. ff 3 ; i ; 3 : .':-;: ' .- "- , .r m 1 P! 1 - I in r IB im virir'Mi'iV'-'-'i'iif i ,V.xS!'S!' PARLEY ASKED ARMENIANS BE ALLOWED HOME ProposeEstablishment Financed in U. S. Dr. B. M. McKoin, student at Johns Hopkins university, and former mayor of Mer Rouge, La., was arrested in Baltimore and held in connection with the Ku Klux Klan murders at Mer Rouge of F. W. Daniels- and T. F. Richards. The arrest was made in compliance with a request from Gov. Parker of Louisiana. Picture shows, left to right: Detective Quirk. Dr. B. M. McKoin and Detective Porter. The detectives are taking Dr. McKoin from Johns Hopkins hospital to polcie headquarters. Solicitor General Says Civilization Inferior to 1880 (By Associated Press) NEW YORK, Dec. 30. America! standards of civilization today are in ferior to those of 1880, James M. Beck, solicitor general of the United States, said in a lecture here last night. "In 1880 men were better citizens, better fathers and better workers than they are today," ho said. "At thati time men believed in their parties. Today that militant political spirit has disappeared and fully one-third of th2 electorate does not vote. "In 1880 the worker took pride ana joy in his work and was proud of achievement in indur.try. Today men regard work as some form of degrad ing servitude and there is little pride in artisan accomplisnment. Family ties are lightly held these days, Mr. Beck asserted, and even children lack the loyalty respect of other days. The American people give far too much time and thought to play and amusements, he asserted, and he fea- ed that "this is an age of the hippo drome." More motion picture palaces were built in New York during the year than schools and churches, he de clared, pointing out that more thai $100,000,000 was paid by ihe people of the nation annually for amusements, including theatres, baseball games and prize fights. PARIS, Dec. 30. French officialdom today characterized the speech of Sec retary of State Hughf-s at New Haven last night as an effort to influence th? forthcoming premiers conference with out taking any responsibility. The proposals contained in the American secretary of state's address will be discussed here Jan. 2, it wa3 declared, but will not change France's position. It is expected in French circles that England will use the outlined attitude of the United States to bolster up i'.s own policy. It is an injustice o put a question in which France has a prepondent in terest in the hands of an international unoniciai commission, however com petent, the French claim. The guaran tees France wants to take are not suf ficient to drive Germany to ruin as some make out, it was declared. BARNES IS SENTENCED TO TWO TO 14 YEARS AND GIVEN $10 FINE GIRL AND POLICEMAN SHOT BY GUNMAN (By United Press) CHICAGO. Dec. 30. A gun-man shot a high school girl when she re fused to speak to him and killed a policeman in trying to escape here to day. The policeman's companion then shot and probably fatally wounded the slayer. The victim: William J. O'Malley, policeman, killed. John Riese, one or three gunmen, who accosted a party of high school students returning home from a dance and opened fire when they did not re turn the greeting. . probably fatally shot by Policeman S. R. Kennedy. Minnie Finkelstein, 17-year-old high school student, shot in the hip by Riese. Guy L. Barnes wis sentences to from two to 14 years in the Indian?. state reformatory and' assessed a fin of $10, following his plea of guilty to a charge of embezzlement when ar raigned in Wayne circuit court Satur day. In entering his plea, Barnes ask ed that some leniency be shown him on the ground that he stole the money to pay for medical attention which he needed and for which he .was unable to pay. Upon learning that he was an ex service man, the court asked Barnes if, for any reason, he thought the fact that this cause shou'd be considered in his plea for leniency. The court em phasized the fact that all who have served their country in time of war have taken an oath to uphold its laws and should consider fns oath seriouslj as a personal safeguard against the commission of crime Barnes denied that" his service had any connection with his plea. He also denied that he had served time for a crime in Vir ginia and that he had escaped froia the state piison there. According to Barnes' statement at the time of his arraignment, the amount of money which he had stolea was about $700. He stated that he had also taken some checks which he had destroyed on the train while en- route to Milwaukee. The total loss to ihe Westcott hotel was $752.39 Includ ing money-and checks, $130 of which Barnes had spent prior to the time he was captured. The remaining $579.39 which was Tl turned with the prisoner, was retriev ed by the hotel authorities Saturday morning from the police authorities. It Is expected that toe Westcott hotoi company will be able to secure a re payment on the checks which Barnes destroyed. PROSECUTOR MOVES TO DISMISS DILLON CASE AT WINCHESTERS (Special to The Palladium) WINCHESTER, Ind., Dec. 30. Pros ecutor Paul Beckett of the Wayne cir cuit court filed a motion in the Ran dolph circuit court here today asking for the dismissal of the charge on which James P. Dillon, former man ager of the municipal electric Jight plant at Richmond, was tried here. The jury which heard the case dis agreed, standing nine for acquittal and three for conviction after a long delib eration. At that time it, was thought that the case would be dismissed. The motion for dismissal filed here refers only to the charge on which Mr. Dillon was tried here. Judge Bales said he would rule on the motion on the first day of the January term of court, as the Court was not in session today. In his motion. Prosecutor Beckett sets out that there is no reasonable probability of a conviction being se cured by any further trial. He also says that he believes no additional evi dence can be secured, and that further prosecution would cause a needless ex penditure of money and would be an injustice to. the defendant. Text of Motion "Comes now Paul A. Beckett, prose cuting attorney of the sevententh judi cial circuit of the state of Indiana, and for and on behalf of the state of Indi ana, moves me court to .dismiss tne above eptitled criminal cause, and as reasons therefor shows to the court as follows: "Said cause was fully and fairly tried in the Randolph circuit court of Indiana, and all the evidence available to the state of Indiana in such cause was adduced and presented to the jury sitting in such case. Four days were involved in presenting evidence and argument to the jury, and the under signed is informed that the jury, after deliberating upon the guilt or inno cence of the defendant, stood nine for acquittal and three for conviction. "Great care was exercised by both the state and defendant in selecting the jury which tried said cause, and the undersigned is of the opinion that there is no reasonable probability of a conviction being secured by any fur ther trial of said cause. No Other Evidence "Since the former trial of said cause no evidence has come to the attention of the state which could be used in any future trial of this cause, and the undersigned does not believe that "any additional evidence could be secured for presentation against the defendant in -this cause which was not offered at th previous hearing. , : "The undersigned believes that it would cause a needless expenditure of money and "would be an injustice to the defendant to further prosecute this cause. . "Wherefore, in view of the above facts It Is respectfully requested that the court sustain this motion and dis miss said cause. PAUL BECKETT, Prosecuting Attorney for the Seven . teenth. Judicial Circuit Court of Indiana. (By Associated IVess) LAUSANNE, Dec. 30 Plans for an1 Armenian national home, financed by a possible $20,000,000 appropriation by the United States congress or a pop ular loan in America, in addition to funds from other countries, were pre sented to the near east conference to day by the American delegation. The conference completes its sixth week today with a solution of the near eastern question still in the making and with the allied and Turkish dele gations still at odds over the important issues. As Ismet Pasha, and his associates awaited further instructions from their government at Angora, whither they recently reported the impasse in which the negotiations find themselves, 'it seemed certain that a settlement of even one of the problems on the agenda could not take plac this year. It is believed that Ismet in his report to his government called special atten tion to the declaration of Lord Curzon that the British government insisted upon recognition of its mandate over the Mosul vilayet. Price Adjustment Will Solve Farm Problem, Howard f (By United Press) CHICAGO, Dec. 30. Readjustment of prices to meet present conditions will solve the agricultural problem of the world, James R. Howard, former president of the American Farm bu reau federation declared in an address before the American Economic asso ciation here tolay. "It is a question of pre-war prices be ing paid for after war products," he said. "The priceof the farmers' product must be judged by the exchange ratio of his corn and his rye and his oats It cannot be fixed in dollars and cents." Howard bitterly assailed the theory that the present depression in agricul ture was due to over-production. "There is certainly not over-produc tion on the farms when there are hun gry mouths and unclad bodies in all parts of the world," he said. "There may be over-production in transporta tion or other industries but not on the farming." More than 1,600 economists from all parts of the United States are here at tending the annual convention. WASHINGTON, Dec. 30 The pro posal for the establishment of a na tional home for the Armenians, fi nanced by the United States, was pre sented at Lausanne at the request oi American philanthropical organiza- ion, and not as a proposal of the Washington government. There is little doubt that the pres ident has indicated through Ambassa dor Child that it would like to see the Armenians given some such pro tection, but officials here say they are not committed to. any specific plan. Legislation pending in congress on the subject, is not part of an admin istration plan. 27 CRIMINAL CHARGES DROPPED FROM WAYNE CIRCUIT COURT DOCKET Two motions to dismiss criminal cases now on the Wayne circuit court criminal docket have been presented by Prosecutor Paul Beckett and given the approval of the court. The first motion to dismiss affidavits strikes from the court docket the names of 11 persons under bond in Wayne cir cuit 'court, while the" second motion was for the dismissal of certain crim inal cases now on the docket and in cludes 16 cases. . . The reason for dismissing these cases was stated in the motions as being that they are old cases, having been on the docket for several terms of CQurt, that the prosecution of many of them has been dropped, and that it is deemed to the best interests of the state that they should be removed from the docket. The affidavits dismissed are as fol lows: Thanks F. Wheeler, issuing fraudulent check; James Lorman, involuntary' manslaughter; Frank Treeps, assault and battery with in tent to kill; Sherman Howard, grand larceny; Earl Helms, child desertion; Walter Gansky, sodomy; D. H. Crowe, maintaining a nuisance; Earl Blue, drawing a deadly weapon; George A. Bradley, seduction; Loren Grim, ve hicle taking; Fay Turner, throwing acid; Leonard Wilhelm, forgery (now serving term) ; Oliver Burke, lazy husband; Ray Browning, false per sonation, serving term, federaj court; I. E. Loewenberg, false pretense; Charles H. Williams, surety of peace; Lawrence Crocker, rape, convicted on another charge; Ralph Chilcoate, lazy husband; and Fred Lehman, maintain ing a nuisancf. The cases dismissed from the dock et in the second motion and the causes for the Action are stated as follows: Mary E. Davis, issuing a fraudulent check; Ora Kinder, forg ery; Harry Demaree, assault; Harry (Please Turn to Page Fourteen) ijf" ' KLAN WILL CONDUCT OWN INVESTIGATION IN LOUISIANA CASE (Hy Associated Press) NEW ORLEANS. Dec. 30. The Louisiana organization of the Ku Klux Klan will send its own agents into Morehouse parish to investigate the kidnapping and killing of Watt Dan iels and Thomas Richards last Au gust, according to an announcement by a high slate official of the Klan. This action, he said, was decided on at a conference here yesterday of heads of the state organization. It was stated that the investigation probably would be started within the next 48 hours. "I recently returned from More house parish, where I discussed the outrage with jany folks who knew their community well," said the klan official. "I know that the klan is not to blame." No Defense Planned "We have no idea of setting up any defense at public hearings for any one and reports that the klan is inter ested in obtaining brilliant attorneys for the defense of those arrested are not true. We are interested in clear ing the klan ,of any connection in the public mind with these outrages." The klan official stated that if it 'should develop that any individual members of the klan in Morehouse parish had anything to do with the kidnapping and . murders of Daniels and Richards thev would be outlawed and the klan would assist in obtaining their convictions before the criminal courts of the state. Governor Joiin M. Parker, who or dered the public hearings into the Morehouse parish kidnapping situa tion, has openly denounced the Ku Klux Klan. He has directed the inv vestigation and has been quoted as declaring that he was "determined to tear the mask off the klan." Fight For Justice 8 VIOLATORS OF WAR TIME LAWS FREED H-ll - i-l Must Leave Country and Never Return Gov. John M. Parker of Louisiana and, below, Atty. Gen. A. V. Coco. The relentless fight of Got. John M. Parker and Attorney General A. V. Coco of Louisiana to bring to justice those responsible for the Mer Rouge kidnapping last August which resulted in the death of two men, is bearing fruit. Two arrests already have been made and more are promised as in vestigators continue their activities under the protection of national guardsmen. BALTIMORE, Md.. Dec. 30. Sne- cial Deputy Sheriff Calhoun of More- house parish, Louisiana, who has with him a requisition on the governor of i this state for tbe return to Louisiana of Dr. B. M. McKoin, is expected to arrive here tomorrow. Owing to the holiday Monday, it is believed Gov ernor Ritchie will not act on the case until Tuesday. Dr. McKoin was arrested here last Tuesday for the murder of Wa.tt Daniels and Thomas Richards, victims of a hooded met at Mer Rouge last summer. Telegrams from his wife and his father and from several Influential friends in northern Louisiana and southern Arkansas jeached Dr. Mc Koin yesterday at the city jail, cheer ing him greatly. His relatives ex pressed the utmost confidence in his final vindication. Mrs. McKoin, who had been reported as advising her hus band to return to Louisiana, had not made any such suggestion, Dr. McKoin said, and her telegram yesterday ad vanced no such idea. His father, how ever, urged him to abandon his fight against extradition and come home. 3 BANDITS HOLD 25 PERSONS AT BAY AND OBTAIN $15,000 HAUL (By United Press) CLEVELAND, Dec. 30. Three arm ed bandits held up and robbed the of fices of the Ferry Cap and Set-Screw company today after holding 25 girls and the general manager of the com pany at bay. The andits escaped with $15,000 taken from the office of H. D. North, secretary. Shortly after 9 a. m. one bandit en tered the general offices on the second floor of the building and pointed a gun at Miss Katherine Knizely, 21, tele phone operator. In full view, behind a glass partition at L. C. Hoffman, general manager and 24 girls at work. As Miss Knizely left the boaTd, the bandit herded her in with the others and then covered them all with his gun. Keep still, all of you," he ordered, and you'll not be hurt." Meantime police were told two other bandits had entered the fffices on the other side of the building where the payroll money was kept in a safe. In some manner they broke into the office of Secretary North. They seized $15,000 in cash and ran down the stairway to the street calling loudly to the third bandit to coyer up ' and follow. In the street the bandits leaped Into a touring car and sped away. Police . flying squadrons dispatched to the scene scoured that part of the city without avail. Police later were tola tnat Secretary North was pre vented from entering his office by one of the bandits when another was at work seizing the money. ' HARDING NAMES JUDGES Py Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. William N. Runyon, was nominated by Presi dent Harding today to be an addition al United States district judge for the New Jersey district, and William H. Atwell, to be an additional United States district judge for the northern i district of Texas. 16 OHIO A!IS KILLED IN HUNTING SEASON B United Press) COLUMBUS, Ohio, Dec. 30. Six teen Ohioans were kilh-d in hunting accidents during the 1922 season, re ports to the United Press showed to day. Thirty four persons were wounded This casualty list is considered small by state officials here who de clare at least 100,000 Ohioans took out hunting licenses and approxi mately 5,000 farmers hunted on their own property without licenses. The season closes today at 6 p. m. There is no record, county officials reported of the number of livestock killed and wounded during the season. Weather Forecast FOR TOWNSHIP SCHOOLS SOLD FOR $3,880,85 Three township schoolhouses, the operation of which has been discon tinued, numbers 10, 13 and 14, were sold at public sale Friday by J. O Edgerton, township trustee and a total of $3,880.85 realized from the real and personal property involved. Township school No. 13, known as Elliott's Mills school was sold at 10 o'clock Friday mo.-ning to Howard Studt f r $520. Robert Behnen will take chargeof school No. 14, the Water works school as a result of the sale held at 11 o'clock Friday morning, his bid having been $660. " The old Sevastopol school, township school No. 10 was purchased by Char les Pitman and Richard Holzapfel jointly for $2,400. This latter school house contained desks, chairs and other equipment which was purchased by miscellaneous parties for a total consideration of $300.85. RICHMOND AND VICINITY By W. E. Moore Rain and warmer ton'ht and Sun day followed by colder Sunday night and Monday. The Rocky mountain storm which is now moving eastward indicates rising temperatures within the next 24 hours, southerly wind and rains followed by colder weather as the wind shifts to the west. Temperatures Yesterday at Pumping Station. Maximum ' 30 Minimum , 25 r Today. Noon . t 38 , Weather conditions The weather is generally fair over the Ohio valley states. It is rapidly getting cloudy over Indiana and Illinois. The Rocky mountain -storm now covers the pl.Vn states. There is mild temperatures but it is turning colder over the northwest wjth general snows although it is not severely cold in any portion of the United States. For Indiana, by the United States Weather bureau Unsettled weather tonight and Sunday, probably rain. Warmer tonight east and south por tions. Somewhat cooler Sunday after noon or night, extreme west portion. BASTROP, La., Dec. 30. Another day of marking time while awaiting the return of investigators who have been in New Orleans and Baton Rouge roniernng with Governor Tarker and cher state officials today served only to increase tne air ot expectancy in troubled Morehouse parish, "scene of action" in what men directing the in quiry declare will prove one of the most sensational exposes of masked band operations ever unfolded in the south. The investigators were expect ed to return within the next 48 hours Paid Circulation Yesterday, was 12,17 BORAH'S DECISION TO WITHHOLD PLAN ENDS SENATE FIGHT en? AR5iciated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 30 Although privately stating tnat he was pre pared to offer it as an amendment to some other bill should the neces.siv arise. Senator Borah's decision to withhold his proposal for an inter national conference as an amendment to the naval appropriation bill wa. regarded today as an amendment to the naval appropriation bill was re garded today as having finally dis posed of it. and settled the immediate issue which has held the senate in its grip for nearly a week. The Idaho senators announcement that he would hold the , proposed amendment came as a climax of the senate battle late yesterday, after ad ministration assurances had been giv en Senator Watson of Indiana, that the president already, was soundin out the situation in a way which might lead to a movement aid in the ad iiistment of economic conditions in Europe. He appealed to Senato ma propustfu itssuiuuuii. POLICEMAN RESCUES 10 SMALL CHILDREN IN TENEMENT BLAZE CHICAGO, Dec. 30. Ten. small children were rescued in a tenement fire early today, by Sergeant Charles Eitz of the police force. The building, housing eight families was enveloped m names .when fcitz entered. A giant in stature the largest man on the Chteagb force he went from flat to flat gathering the sleeping chil dren under his arms. . When he emerged his clothing was afire and he was nearly exhausted, ; but he had every child in the burning building. Only - after all were -saved did Eitz turn in the fire alarm. fRy Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. The sen tence of eight members of the Indus trial Workers of the Warld, convicted in the Haywood case ot conspiracy in violation of wartime laws, were com muted by President Harding to ex pire at once on condition that the eight prisoners leave the United States and never return. All of the men are subject to de portation and it was a condition of their commutation that, should they return to this country the clemency granted would' be void. It was fur ther said that the president had reached the decision that should any one of them return, they would be ap prehended and returned to Leaven worth penitentiary to serve out the remainder of their sentence. The prisoners will be given 60 days In which to arrange for their depar ture, and will be required to give bond on the departure from prison, so that they will appear at a stated time and surrender themselves1 for deportation. No General Amnesty. White House officials say, however. that there will be no "general amnesty." Telegrams will be sent to prison wardens announcing the president s action and probably before nightfall those to receive clemency will pass through the prison gates free. Papers in the selected cases have been pr pard by the department of justice an 1 today were on the presidents desk awaiting final action. Who the prisoners are will not be known until after receipt by the war dens concerned of the telegrams noti fication, if the policy of the depart ment of justice in such cases in the past i3 followed. Granting of the commutations, it was emphasized at the White House does not mean the president has changed hi3 views against amnesty as the term has been used during the past two years. Each case has been considered on its individual merits, and upon applica tion of the prisoner, it was said despite agitation on the part of the various or ganizations which has included inter mittent picketing of the gates of the White House and the "children's crus ade" of last summer. VALUE OF TAXABLE PROPERTY IN STATE $300,000,000 LOWER (By Associated Press) INDIANAPOLIS, Dec. 30. The tax- ' able property in Indiana this year, as appraised by taxing officials, amounts to $5,200,000,000, a shrinkage of $300,000,000 below the 1921 valuation. according to W. C. Nusbaum. a rep resentative of the state board of tax commissioners. According to Mr. Nusbaum's fig ures $3,000,000 more taxes were paid this year than last. The shrinkage in taxable property amounted to about eight per cent and was attrib uted by Mr. Nusbaum to the lower ap praising of farm land, improvements and farm personal property. The total valuation of property . in Incorporated bound3 of cities was about the same as last year, he said. Farm Tax Burden Light The valuation of farmers' taxable property is approximately 50 per cert of the, $5,200,000,000 total of taxable properly, Mr. Nusbaum says, but he points out that of the $117,000,000 lev ied for collections this year the farm ers paid less than 38 per cent or ap proximately $44,500,000. Of the lat ter amount a part may be payment., on industrial properties outside incor porated cities and towns, end which should not be classed as farm property, Mr. Nusbaum says. The figures show, Mr. Nusbaum de clares, that "farmers pay considerably less taxes and bear considerably less of the total tax burden than anybody would ever suppose." SECRETARY FALL WILL LEAVE CABINET POST (By Unite! Pres.,) WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. Secretary cf the Interior Fall has decided to r3 sign from President Harding's cabinet and will retire- March 4; the" Washing ton Post, regarded, as well informed on administration affairs, declares in a copyrighted aiticlp published herj today. Although reports have been current that Fall would resign because of fric tion with President Harding and Sec retary of .Agriculture' Wallace, over the proposal to transfer, the forestry bu reau to the department of interior, the Post declares ne is leaving th-j cabinet to give more attention to bus! ness interests. Fall's office would n"t comment on the report early today. U. S. RULES LIQUOR APPEALS BY STEAMER LINES ARE INVALID (By Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. The fed eral government in a brief filed in the supreme court today, held that the ap peal of the foreign steamship lines, against the recent prohibition decision of Judge Hand, of New York, had fail ed to show that the United States had consented to be sued, and that the cases could not ; therefore be prosecuted. The government also insisted that the court did pot have jurisdiction for the further reasons that "the appeals do not prevent a cause of action in equity -under the constitution of the United States," and "do not disclose a cause of action, equitable in its nature, several in its character, arising under the constitution of the United States." It also was declared in the brief that the facts alleged in the appeals are insufficient to 'constitute a valid cause of action in equity and that the steamship companies have a complete remedy at law, which they should fol low instead of the course which thty have pursued.