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The Richmond palladium and sun-telegram. [volume] (Richmond, Ind.) 1907-1939, December 30, 1922, Image 2

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The Mistakes of the Kaiser
Premier of France When the' War Broke Out
Copyright, 1922, by The McClure Newspapet Syndicate.
M. Poincare and I left our country
on the morning of July 1G, 1914.
Rocked Ifthtly between the blue skies
"and tie blue waters, in that isolation
which, for a man In public office, is
the reward of action, the president of
the French republic and I sat chatting
with each other. We were journeying,
with heads held high and clean of
heart, toward the strengthening of our
alliance with Russia, toward the estab
lishment of friendly relations with oth
er lands, toward that fusion of general
sympathies wherein the privileged
friendship caused by the existence of
an alliance does not preclude addi
tional knitting together of thoughts
and interests. Nor does that friendship
destroy independence, since, otherwise,
an alliance would degenerate into ser
vitude. M. Poincare had informed me,
in my capacity of responsible head of
the government, of the speech which
he was to make at the imperial ban
quet, fend I had asked to have the
speech to be made by the czar commu
nicated to me, which request had been
granted. These two speeches both paid
honor, in strong and clear words, to
peace, .
What were we going to say to the
czar, to the Russian government? Of
course, we were going to talk about
the state of Europe, about the inter
ests of the alliance between our two
countries. We also intended (nor did
M. Poincare and I omit this) to ask
for the establishment of more cordial
relations between Russia and Sweden,
the latter having complained about iso
lated acts by a Russian naval attache.
Finally, we were going to give expres
sion to English grievances with regard
to the actions of certain Russian con
suls. An alliance requires that a cer
tain degree of consideration, compati
ble with its maintenance, be shown to
;other nations.
i We talked of these subjects and of
others also, outside the province of our
duties, drawing often upon our profes
sional and political memories for the
material of our- friendly conversations.
When we arrived in the roadstead
of Cronstadt on Monday, July 20, at 2
o'clock in the afternoon, a murderous
heat was pouring from the heavens
upon the gorgeous spectacle before us,
a. heat of such intensity that, far up
there in the north of Europe, I almost
yearned to exchange it for the heat of
my beloved Africa. C?ar Nicholas, as
dapper as a cavalry officer, came forth
to gTeet us, and we departed together
with his suite of dignitaries and min
isters. The touching modesty of the
. czar, as excessive as his timidity, his
contempt for the magnificence of pal-
,-eces his liking for a quiet life, were
clearly shown by hi? attitude and his
remarks, expressed in the purest
French. He upheld the alliance with
France because of political lion
esty, to be surer but also because of a
kind of religious mysticism, which
-caused him to look upon it as a legacy
from his beloved father. Never was
tie insensible to the influence of those
two considerations. This I was to
irarn later, in 1916, at the general head
quarters of his army, whei an imperial
?ign from him, for which I asked in the
course of a mission on which I had
been sent, sufficed for me to obtain
w hat France desired.
Conversation With the Czar
What can I say of our conversations?
The head of the French republic spoke
.alone for almost an hour with the czar.
is was proper. I, too, conversed with
.he czar; also, naturally, with the pre
mier, and, above all, with M. Sazonoff.
We were in agreement as other min
,!.cters had been before me, in 1912, and
it all times, regarding the necessity
.'or maintaining the alliance in dignity
ind peace. Also as I have noted
ibove we transmitted the grievances
)f England and Sweden. All the ar
rangements of difficulties requested by
is were granted.
- Shall I speak of the celebrations
reviews, parades, of the reception by
!ihe empress, so magnificent in her
beauty, with her blue eyes as piercing
is a sapphire? How long ago It all is
The soil of Russia, a shroud that is al
vays frozen, hides the horrors of heca
tombs, to escape from which neither
rank, age1 nor sex availed. The em
leror William, in. August, 1914, called
tor solidarity among the regicides! His
government defrayed the expenses of
Lenine's journey to Russia!
. And now we are drawing close to
the, drama. We shall set forth its plot
and after it will be easy to untangle
its threads. i
On July 23, 1914, we left the Rus
sian shore and started for Sweden,
as had been officially and publicly de
cided upon a Ion? time before. I wish
it clearly understood that the smallest
details of the trip, even the dinners,
and, above all, the date of departure,
were known to all the European chan
celleries. The press in every country
was full of the matter. We left at
about 10 o'clock in the evening.
In the meantime, the murderers of
right, who had kept silent until that
moment, were stealing upon their first
victim: the ultimatum to Serbia was
handed to the Serbian government on
July 23, the very day of etfr departure,
by the Austrian minister at Belgrade,
the worst "agent-provocateur" whom
a government bent" on provocative
measures ever had stationed in a for
eign country under the lying disguise
of an official costume. I
Allowitig for the necessary lapse of
time, we calculated that the ultimatum,
having, been delivered at Belgrade at
5 In the afternoon, had not become
known in St. Petersburg until after our
Von Jagow's Secret Syping
Our journey had been spied upon by
on Jagow. Let readers form their
own opinion as to the extent of this
pying! This minister of foreign af
fairs who (as will be Bhown in the
course of later chapters) had denied
all knowledge of the ultimatum at the
end of July, having learned that we, on
July 23, were delaying our departure
y two hours, telegraphed to Vienna
to the German ambassador for the pur
pose of acquainting him with this, and
with the request that he cause the ulti
matum to be delivered two hours later.
This shows how everything had been
prearranged in such a day that the
blow should not fall until after we had
departed. It shows how an attempt
was made to disconcert the entente in
the face of the cleverly united combl
nation of the central powers.
Anxiety Increases
Nevertheless, the attitude of the
Austrian ambassador to the court of
Russia, which, though certainly polite,
was more than reserved, combined
with warning forebodings, led me, at
about 1 o'clock in the morning of the
night between the 23d and 24th, to
telegraph to Paris, In accordance with
an agreement which I had made to that
effect with M. Sazonoff. To obviate
all danger, even remote, I informed the
government of the French republic at
Pans that if Austria should make a
demand upon Serbia, M. Dumaine was
to be requested in advance to endeavor
to have it couched in a more accept
able form. On the next day, July 24.
while we were steaming toward
Sweden, amid heavy weather and upon
a rough sea, some shreds of messages,
badly joined together, were brought
to us by the invisible aerial waves
From that moment the shrill sound of
the wireless, piercing the harmony of
our Bolitude, made known to us, bit
by bit, in separate fragments, the ulti
matum to Serbia, the terms in which
it was couched, Its threats, the unde
served accusations which Austria, bas
ing herself upon the official report of
one of her agents, had brought against
I made an effort to reassume my
official duties and from far out on
the sea, in the solitude of my cabin,
I telegraphed to London (Yellow Book
No. 22), for the purpose of requesting
that joint action be taken for the
purpose of lengthening the altogether
too short time allowance granted to
Serbia, councelling Serbia to show the
greatest prudence, and seeking to. in
stitute an international investigation.
On July 25, at 5 o'clock in the morn
ing, we arrived at Stockholm, where
M. Thiebault, our minister there, at
last handed us the exact text of the
ultimatum. And thus we received con
firmation of the severity of its condi
tions, more Insolent than all the rest,
constituting a veritable declaration of
war in themselves, giving Serbia only
forty-eight hours in which to reply, re
fusing her even the right to discuss
her decision, and robbing Europe of
the chance to give helpful advice.
Everything Jookea dark. Yet we
were compelled throughout the day to
reciprocate the exquisite politeness of
the king of Sweden, to look on at ex
ternals, without succeeding in freeing
ourselves from the Internal torture of
our thoughts. That evening at 7 our
minister- at Christlania, pursuant to
orders which I had given him over
the telephone, informed me that the
German emperor had left Bergen for
an. unknown destination. The comedy
was drawing to an end. The real drama
was to be hurried onward by the return
of that innocent and naive traveler.
We left Stockholm at 11 o'clock that
night. Never did I see such a contrast
between nature and the painful feel
had gathered over our heads all their
ings of all those present. The heavens
splendors; the white wake of our ma
jestic ship was bathed in light In our
minds, however, the shadows were be
ginning to deepen.
Only Meager News of Ultimatum
We tried constantly to get news. A
piercing whistling 60und would cut
through the air! What did It bring?
nothing but an unintelligible message
on a sheet of paper! Another! only
a sentence bearing no relation what
ever to anything else! And all the
time we were waiting to learn what
the Serbian answer was. Convinced
that counsels of moderation and pru
dence had been firiven bv France and
Russia, convinced of the sene of duty
of the noble little Serbian nation, we
felt sure in advance that its answer
would be conciliatory and of a nature
making possible an honorable settle
The 26th and 27th were without
news. Each hour that Dassed. we felt-
undoubtedly marked some rrave event-
but we were unaware what it might be.
e could not know it. The German
government as was learned later
from documents found at Metz had
given orders to disturb wireless com
Here Is what was found in the files
of the German wireless station at
July 28th. 2 o'clock. "The oovernor
opders that French wireless communi
cations be disturbed in .such a way as
no io constitute a violation of peace."
luouv. Deneitilt Stoerumr franzoesis-
cnen funKenverkehrs in elner den
fTieaen nicht verletzenden Form.)
a o-ciock. "The communication en
gineer of the wireless orders that
French Russian wireless communica
tions be disturbed "
July 28. 4 O'clock. The Eiffel tnwor
nas unaerstood our intention of dis
turbing its communications and it is
evidently trying to deceive ns bv trans.
mimng with great energy to Dunkirk
news for the steamshiD "France.'
which does not answer. "In view of the
possible importance to Russia of the
contents of the dispatches, this trans
mission is also blocked (unterbun-
And here is why we knew nothing
or wnat was going on.
Surrounded by the solitude of the
sea, far from all men, it is impossible
to Know wnat is going on in the world
Responsibility, no matter how crushing
u may De, is assumed proudly when
tne win to assume it is based on real
uy. out there on the sea. thouerh. we
had nothing on which to Bhape our ac
tions, how thought is strengthened
wnen it illuminates the inner world
which man carries within himself! But
what agony one suffers, on the other
hand, when one is confronted with the
necessity or acting upon the outer
world and is deprived of every means
or aomg so:
un tne morning of the 27th wo r.
ceived the following: "Satisfactory re
ply from Serbia: admirable in it
moderation." And yet, in spite of this,
the Austrian minister had taken his
departure from Belgrade two hours
after he had received the reply. What
did this meaH?
As we drew nearer to France, we
guessed the nature of the sombre im
broglio, which, engineered cleverlv
and violently, served as the framework
for the situation. Germany, hailing
joyfully the return of her emperor, re
fused to intercede with Austria, and, at
the same time, arrogantly demanded
mat we seeic to influence Russia. She
even offered to appear our friend in
this task, acting conjointly with us, her
purpose being to denounce Russia,
with backing from us, as the guilty
Refusal of further delay; no inter-
n h
i - 'I! '-;
r' . " - s4
Called by Death
The funeral of Mrs. Elvira Coons will
be held at the Baptist church Sunday
afternoon at two . o'clock. Friends
may call at the home any time. The
casket will not be opened at the
Miss Barbara Kern.
Masonic Calendar
Monday, Jan. 1 Richmond Com-
mandery No.. 8, K. T. State conclave
and installation of officers-
Tuesday, Jan. 2 Richmond lodge
No. 196, F. and A. M. Stated meeting.
Installation of officers.
Wednesday, Jan. 3 Webb lodge No.
24. F. and A. M. Called meeting.
Work in Entered Apprentice degree
Thursday, Jan. 4 Wayne Council
No. 10, R. and S. M. StateI assem
bly; installation of officers.
Friday, Jan. 5 King Solomon's
chapter, No. 4. R. A. M. Called con
vocation. Work in the Most Excellent
Master degree -and Royal Arch de-
eree. at 7 o'clock.
Saturday, Jan. 6 Loyal chapter. No.
49 O. E. S. Stated meeting and in
stallation of officers.
By Associated Fres
PARIS, Dec. 30. The Saint Lazare
prison for women, which is both fam-
. . . . .
ous and notorious in tne annais in
French history, has been ordered
torn down by the municipality of
Paris. It was in this prison that dur
ing the general war, certain well-
known women spies in the pay oil
uermany were aeiainea, orien pre
vious to execution. Marra-Hara, the
red dancer, spent he last lays in the
i Before the war the grey walls of
this old convent held in bondage such
women a3 Madame Caillaux, who shot
and killed M. Calmette, editor of .the
Figaro; Jeanne Web'er, the strrtngler;
Threse Humboldt, charged with one
of the greatest swindles known to
recent French history, and a long list
of other women involved in the crim
inal annals of nineteenth century
France. WTien the walls of this prison
have been replaced by a smiling gar
den there will also have disappeared
one o fthe most remarkable buildings
of France, from the point of view of I
historic association. J I
n . . . i,iA Mn n lanAf finnan '
founuea in mu an .
ve centuries later it was taken in
charge by the monks of the order of
Saint Victor, who abolished the leper
house feature, and used the building
as a monastary. During this period of
the building's history the great mili
tary and literary figures of France
frequented the gardens.
Then, for a brief 30 years. It was
used as a political prison, and with
the cominp of the French revolution,
in July. 1789. during the ramine, me
nlace was broken into by the
looted for food and set afire.
Bettv Beads
at $1.00
Are Real Values
O. E. Dickinson
523 Main St.
MILTON, Ind., Dec. 30. Miss Bar
bara Kern, 100 years old, one of
Wayne county's oldest citizens, died
at her home here Friday, after having
been in ill health for nearly a year.
Funeral services will be conducted
Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock at the
Methodist church. She is survived
by several nieces and nephews. She
lived with Mrs. Fannie Engles.
"Aunt" Barbara Kern had been a
resident of this community for 70
years, and until last March 18. when
she suffered a stroke of paralysis, she
had been able to get around and take
an active part in community affairs.
Since the stroke, however, she has
been confined to a wheel chair. Re
tention of her hearing and eyesight
even at her advanced age, made it
possible for Miss Kern to enjoy many
of the pleasures of life.
One of Miss Kern's most notable
accomplishments w"as the establish
ment of an orphanage at Harrisburg.
Pa., when she was more than . 70
years old. In spite, of her age. Miss
Kern succeeded in securing the re
quired number of signers, principally
within the membership of her church
of Brethren in Christ.
Gives Over $3,000
She personally paid over the $3,000
necessary for the institution, which
was thereupon equipped and main
tained by the free will contributions
and by the $1,500 allowed biennially
from the treasury of Pennsylvania.
Milton as well as Harrisburg holds
a splendid remembrance of her in the
cemetery lot and memorial monument
she donated for the Washington town
ship service men of the Civil, Spanish
and World wars. The monument was
dedicated at the Memorial day serv
ices 'in 1920.
The Kern family emigrated to
Springville, Lancaster county, Pa,,
from Wurtemburg, Germany, in 1817,
but Aunt Barbara Kern was born in
this country.
coincided with that toward Denmark,
consequently we had not lost a mo
ment. Again I telegraphed (Yellow
Book, No. 76) to M. Bienvenu-Martin
who so ablyvacted in my place, giving
my approval of his firm and prudent
conduct, and for the purpose of pro
tecting him.
On the morning of the 29th, by the
first light of the dawn, we sighted the
coast of France.
At lastttA twlinkling light beneath
a roof, a house, dockyards, masts, a
gradually emerging skyline Dunkirk!
And now we are piloted into port, and
men versed in politics, deeply moved
but firm, bring us information, and
colleagues of ours give us the news,
and workmen pause in their work to
greet us! '
Then Paris! A sea of human be
ings overwhelming us. Hosts of
Frenchmen, already united to meet the
danger threatening France, their grave
faces shining with the century-old
idealism of France and her lofty pride.
Hail, land of independence and
valor- The reception given us by thee
helped our souls to rise superior to
(To Oe Continued)
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Falconry is still practiced in Eng
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Serbia out of our sight; Serbia in
vaded; Belgrade bombarded; war be
gun those were the successive stages
of the drama.
On the preceding day we had de
cided to return directly to France. Up
to then the route toward our country
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