THE LAKE COUNTY TIMES
Monday, Dec. 24. 190C
By JAMES II. ECKELS.
T is a happy circumstance that the need of a more responsire
character of bank note issue and a better adapted relation of
government finance TO DAILY BUSINESS UNDER
TAKINGS demands attention at a time when the prosperity
of the country ia undoubted, its agriculture, manufacturing
prd financial activities everywhere apparent and substantial and it3
credit conditions HEALTHFUL AND SOUND.
A great central bank is an impossibility in this country, where po
litical issues always prevail and where individuality in every part of the
country will not surrender itself to CONCENTRATED POWER in
the field of banking. The commission which sat at Washington pro
posed legislation which will emasculate the subtreasury system and
place the banking business of the government of the United States
upon the same rational and common sense lines as is that of the banking
transactions of the man of EVERYDAY AFFAIRS, that of every
state, county and municipality in the country.
As long as the nation takes through force of law from tho indi
vidual citizen more than the government needs for LEGITIMATE
governmental purposes it ought in justice to him at least to attempt to
minimize the wrong it inflicts by permitting the business world of
which he is a part to have the benefit of the daily use of the SURPLUS
REVENUES which are accumulated.
A commission on behalf of the commercial and banking interests
of the country will ask congress to enact into law a provision enlarging
the note issuing function of national banks by granting them the right,
under well conceived and conservative restrictions which assure safety
to the public and guard the banks against misuse of the power given, to
put forth promissory notes of small denominations WITHOUT SPE
CIFIC DEPOSIT OF ASSETS to secure the same.
I am sure the public will at no distant day accept as axiomatic the
fact that bank notes are nothing but mere PROMISSORY NOTES
issued by an institution and of value because they are redeemable upon
demand in that which has recognized value. The vast usefulness of a
(deposit currency and a CHECK CURRENCY is acknowledged.
WHY NOT SUPPLEMENT THESE EFFICIENCY MEASURES BY
ADDING A RESPONSIVE BANK NOTE CURRENCY WHICH IS ES
SENTIAL AS-AN ELEMENT TO MEET NEEDS WHICH NEITHER THE
ONE NOR THE OTHER CAN ALWAYS PROVIDE?
Shame of Modern Civilization"
By Mrs. J. G. PHELPS-STOKES. Formerly Ciaarmaker
HAT would the poor
work iorV ' asks Miss Giulia Morosini, who spends $200,
000 a year on her gowns.
Before I answer that question I would like to say that
when Miss Morosini thus in her own words "exhibited" her gowns her
moral poverty almost reached POSITIVE . IMMODESTY.
She and women of her class are responsible for more of the spirit
of CLASS HATRED of which they complain than any spirit of envy
of tho rich among the working people. The rich are so intellectually
barren or so STUPIDLY THOUGHTLESS that they never seem to
think of the effect on the minds of girls who work hard for their living
'of such flaunting boasts of the amount of money spent on dress.
Miss Morosini makes the excuse that she 'keeps money in circula
tion." Does she imagine the people who produced that wealth could
not keep it in circulation JUST AS WELL AS SHE and with
much moro right? She speaks of her charitable work. Miss Moro
Bini's charitable work around Riverdale is well known, but it never in
terferes with her desiro to have new gowns. She is just typical of her
class. They tako TO per cent of the wealth produced by the workers,
and when, as a kind of salve to their own consciences, they return 1 or
2 per cent they expect the recipients TO FALL ON THEIR
KNEES in thankfulness.
"What would tho working people do if there were no rich to work
for?" God willing, they would work FOR THEMSELVES ! In
stead of making things for idler3 they would make them for workers,
who would return the courtesy bv making other things in return.
Women of Miss Morosini's class mav not be aware of the fact that thev
aro paupers. A pauper is one who, either through idleness or inability
to work, is UNABLE TO SUPPORT HIMSELF and is a burden
on tho community.
Tho REAL PAUPER is the person unwilling to support himself
and who is thus thrown on tho shoulders of the COMMUNITY. Any
fidult who performs no service for the community has no right to take
anything from it.
THAT THE CLASS OF IDLERS SHOULD HAVE SO MUCH
WEALTH AS TO RUIN EVEN THEIR OWN SOULS IN RECKLESS
AND EXTRAVAGANT LIVING AND THE WORKING CLASS SHOULD
HAVE BARELY ENOUGH TO KEEP BODY AND SOUL TOGETHER
IS THE CRYING SHAME OF MODERN CIVILIZATION.
Graft Flourished In
The Time of Abraham
By Professor ALBERT T. CLAY. University of Pennsylvania
AMMURABI, king of Shinar and sixth king of Babylon, was
THE FIRST MAN TO UNCOVER A GRAFTER,
according to the inscriptions which have been deciphered
by experts. Just what special form of graft was practiced in
the days of old is not told in the tablets which have been unearthed,
but it is disclosed that Hammurabi wrote to one of his governors that
bribery had been charged against an individual and asked for an inves-
'ation of the case.
IFi HE FOUND THE CHARGE TRUE THE GOVERNOR SHOULD
RETURN THE PRISONER TO HIM, AND ALSO THAT WHICH HAD
BEEN TAKEN IN BRIBERY.
Another interesting letter of Hammurabi to one of his governors
indicated that the king had become tired of waiting a month for his
regular tribute and ordered that ANOTHER MONTH BE ADDED
TO THE CALENDAR, to go into operation immediately, and that
the tribute should be collected on the first day of .the new month.
Ex-Comptroller of the Currency
people do if there were no rich to
SID MS FOR Mill!
Railvay Accident Kills Nine Pas
sengers En Route on a
BIX "WOUNDED TO THE DEATH
Twenty-Five Others Hurt, Soma cf
Whom May Die.
Rescuers Fight Fire to Save tho In
jured from Cremation Freight
and Passenger Trains
Rt. Paul, Doc. 24. Nine persons are
known to be dead, six others are fatal
ly injured, nnd at least twenty-five
others were badly hurt in the wreck
of an cast-bound train on the Min
neapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie
railroad at Enderlin, N. D. The train
wrecked was the accommodation train
which hrnis from Moose Jaw, Sask., to
St. Paul. The engineer was running
at high speed in an endeavor to make
up lost time. At Enderlin a switch en
gine was shifting a string of box cars
to a side track. The cars did not clear
the main track and the passenger en
pine co'lided head-cn with the switch
Passengers Were Holiday-Makers.
Both engines were totally wrecked
and tho passenger cars were thrown
In confusion down a small embank
ment at the side of the track. Several
cf the day coaches were turned bot
tom side up and the passengers pinned
beneath the wreckage, which took fire
from the stoves used to heat the ears.
Tho passenger train was heavily load
ed with people going to their homes
in the east to spend the holidays.
Had a Knee with the Fire Fiend.
A rescue party was soon at hand
endeavoring to release the Imprisoned
passenuers from their perilous position.
Ihe groans of the dying mingled with
the cries of anguish of the passengers
less severely hurt, but who were in im
minent danger from the flames which
were fnst spreading through the cars.
Axc-s were wielded by willing hands
and the roofs of the overturned cars
were broken open and the dead and
injured taken out as quickly as possi
sible. It was a race between the res
cuers and the flames, but by herculean
efforts all of the injured were removed
before the names reached them.
These Ixst Their Lives.
Nine dead bodies were taken out
nnd laid beside the track, while the in
jured were taken in hastily Improvised
ambulances to the hospital and when
that institution had all that it could
possibly accommodate the rest of the
injured were cared for in the hotels.
The list of those dead is as follows:
Charles Backus, P.ergen, X. D II. J.
Volkering, Anamoose, N. D., en route
to visit his mother at Osceola, Wis.;
John Satterburg, Anamoose, X. D.;
Tony Gleen, Volva, X. . D.: D. J.
Borresford, Medicine Hat, Alberta: II.
Rosenbaum. Volva, X. D.; W. J. Dan
ielson, Sheldon. Minn.; A. O. Anderson,
Starbuck, Minn.; Xels Hansen Ken
mare, X. D.
Six Others Likely to Die.
Of the injured six are so badly hurt
that the physicians in attendance say
that their recovery is impossible. Oth
ers injured are believed to have a
chance for their lives, although it is
possible that the death roll may be
List of Injured Xot Procurable.
Tt has so far been impossible to se
cure a list of those injured in the
wreck. Ciaim agents and other offi
cials of the railroad have taken charge
of the injured and absolutely refuse
either to give out a list of those hurt
or to permit newspaper correspondents
to secure the names in other ways.
SHIP OX FUSE AT SEA
Her Engineers and Firemen
Heroes and All Are Saved.
Halifax, X. S., Dec. 24. Word is
received here from Port Dufferin, a
small coast town some sixty miles east
of this city, of the destruction bv lire
of the passenger steamer Strathcona,
owned by the Halifax and Canso
Steamship company, and bound from
this port for Canso and Guysborough
That no lives were lost Is due princi
pally to the heroism of the engineers
and firemen, who stuck to their posts
until the steamer was beached, and
every one of the 3SO passengers were
landed. In less than an hour after the
ui-acning or me steamer sne wast
burned to the water's edge. The
Strathcona left here under command
of Captain Beid. Most of the passen
gers were returning to their homes
along the east coast after a few days
of Christmas shopping in Halifax
A few hours after leaving port fire
was discovered in the after hold. De
spite the efforts of the officers and
crew the flames spread rapidly. When
the cry of fire was raised the wildest
confusion prevailed. The passengers,
rr.ost of them clad only in their night
clothes, rushed on deck and made a
dash for the lifeboats, but the crew
prevented a panic. The boats were not
launched, but were made ready for use
in case the flames completely envel
oped the steamer before land could be
reached. The terror-stricken passen
gers were huddled together in the
bow of the ship, which was headed for
Port Dufferin. the nearest place.
While the Strathcona was driven to
wards land at top speed the sailors
tried to fight back the flames? with
streams of water. The draft caused
ty tte steamer's radd progress, how-
ersr, fanned tha flames Into greater
fnry and in a short time the entire
after portion of the vessel was on fire.
Down in the engine room the engineers
and firemen stuck bravely to their
posts, although the flames had begun
to surround them. Xot until the keel
of the steamer grated on a reef a
mile from the entrance of the harbor
did they abandon their dangerous po
sitions and rush to the deck. Then the
boats were lowered and all of the pas
sengers, together with the thirteen
members of the crew, found safety on
ONE STEIXE OFF: 02JE ON
Southern Pacific Men In Texas Go Out
Trouble at Xew York Has
Houston, Tex., Dec. 24. Because
a large number of locomotive fire
men on becoming engineers continue
to hold membership in the firemen's
union, instead of going into the Broth
erhood of Locomotive Engineers there
is a strike of about 4QO men on the
lines of the Southern Pacific. The
strike was ordered by John J. ITan-
nahan, grand master of the Brother
hood of Locomotive Firemen and En
ginemen, whose home is at Peoria, 111.
The Locomotive Brotherhood claim
Jurisdiction of all matters pertaining
to englncmen, and the company recog
nizes that claim. This is the grievance
of Ifnnahan's organization. The older
brotherhood will help fight the strike.
Xew York, Dec. 24. There will be
no holiday strike of railroad yardmen
In this city. This was made known
at the conclusion of a conference be
tween railroad officials and representa
tives of the employes, who recently de
manded an increase of f cents an hour
and were offered 4 cents. The mat
ter will be submitted to arbitration.
Assassin Tries to Commit Suicide, but
Fails and Is Arrested "Did What
I Came to Do."
St. Petersburg, Dec. 24. Count
Alexis Fnvlovitch Igmatief, ex-governor
of Kietf and leader of the court
reactionary party, was assassinated at
Tver while attending a conference of
zemstovists. The assassin was a young
revolutionary. He fired six bullets
from a revolver at Count Ignatief,
killing him instantly. At the moment
of the assassination Count Ignatief
was Pitting -with other members of the
zemstvo in tho refreshment room of
the nobles' assembly hall.
The murderer, followed by some
members of the jtemstvo, fled to an ad
joining room, where he tried to kill
himself, but only inflicted a slight
wound. As his pursuers laid hold of
him he shouted out:, "I did what I
came here to do." Alexis was G4
years old. fX
CAPTAIN 2IACKLTN IMPH0VES
Neither of His Wounds Serious Did
Xot Throw Up Ills Hands; At
tacked His Assailant.
El Reno, O. T., Dec. 24. The condi
tion of Captain Maeklin, who was shot
by a robber at his residence at Fort
Reno last Friday night, is Improved
and recovery is assured, attendants
say. The robber has not yet been ar
rested nor do the detectives in the case
stem to have any positive knowledge
of the man's identity or his where
The assailant has been trailed to
Darlington station, where he doubtless
boarded a freight train. Captain Mlack
lin did not throw tip his hands when
ordered, but attacked his assailant at
Schnell Is Too Suspicious.
Chicago. Dec. 24. Having shot and
probably fatally wounded a newsboy,
apparently without provocation, David
C. Schnell, a board of trade operator,
calmly entered his home a few doors
away and was preparing to retire
when arrested by the police. His vie
tim, 15 years old, was Robert Thies,
who was delivering papers in the vl
cinity of Schnell's home. Schnell told
the police that he ijeard footsteps be
hind him and thought he was about to
Town in Poland in a Bad Way.
Lodz. Russian Poland, Dec. 24. The
town is threatened with a serious in
dustrial crisis. It is practically con
trolled by socialists without interfer
ence from the government. One-fourth
of the population is without work or
bread, and unless the workmen aban
don their excessive demands the em
ployers have decided to close all manu
factories within five days.
"Prexy" Thwing Married.
Auburn, X. Y., Dec. 24. Charles
Thwing, D. D., LL D., president
Western Reserve university, of Cleve
land, O, and Miss Mary Gardiner
Dunning, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Da
vid M. Dunning, were married at the
bride's home in this city.
Our Mineral Production.
Washington, Dec. 24. The tota
value of the mineral production in the
United States in 190G amounted to $1,
3.S77.127. being an increase over
1004 of over $24iO.OOO.COO, according to
a statement issued by the geological
President Calls for nelp.
Washington, Dec. 24. President
Roosevelt has issued a proclamation
calling on the people of the Unitec
States to contribute funds for the re
lief of millions of famine sufferers i
China, who are on the verge of starva
Some Bright Wisconsin Boys.
JanesvUle, Wii, Dec. 24. Fleeman
Geiser and Earl Wheelock. 11 years
old, have been sent to a reform school
for holding up small boys' on tha
streets ineaulatioaof western bandits
Holds a Mass Meeting and De
nounces Both President
and Sec. Metcalf.
IS STRONG ON STATE'S RIGHT3
Apropos to the Japanese School Con
troversy Now Eaging.
Resolutions Contain Some Salty Sen
tences Mayor Schmitz and
Other Organized Labor
Men Make Speeches.
San Francisco, Dec. 24. Resolutions !
denouncing President Roosevelt's mes
sage to congress on the Japanese sit
uation in San Francisco, relenting his
"interference in the domestic affairs of
the state," expressing want of confi
dence in Secretary Metcalf and declar
ing that his report to the president on
the Japanese school question is "utter
ly unworthy of credence in any par
ticular," and contains "numerous mis
statements and misrepresentations,
obviously one-sided and grossly exag
gerated," were adopted at a mass meet
ing held at Walton's pavilion under
the auspices of the Japanese and Kore
an Exclusion League.
Sleeting of Organized Labor.
About 2.500 people were in attend
ance and it was evidently almost ex
clusively a meeting of organized labor.
O. A, Tvietmoe, president of tho
League nnd secretary of the State
Building Trades' Council, acted as
chairman. Among the speakers who
discussed the situation were Mayor
Schmitz; Police Commissioner W. R.
nagerty, who is also president of the
San Francisco Labor Council; P. F.
MeCAi-fhv. nresident of the Building
Trades Council; Walter MacArthur,
editor of the Coast Seaman's Journal,
and other prominent labor leaders.
Schmitz Ready to Die for the Cause"
Mayor Schmitz said that he was
"willing to lay down hi3 life by tho
side of his fellow men in fighting the
Japanese hordes." He said that it
was a question of self-preservation for
the merchant and business man as
well as for the laborer, and declared
that the Japanese were more of a
menace than tiie Chinese. If natural
ized as proposed by President Roose
velt, he said, they would come to Call
fnmln in nch numbers that they
would not only soon control the state
by their votes, but would make Inroads
into the prosperity of the country.
State's Rights Issue in Front.
Walter MacArthur said that the
"people of California will defend their
state rights against the assupmtion of
these latter day federalists," and 'e
clnred that the issue of state rights
raised by the president's messages has
supserseded the issue of the segrega
tion of the Japanese children. The
other speakers addressed the meeting
along similar lines, defending state
rights and characterized the president's
attitude as "meddling in the affairs of
this state." Resolutions termed a "re
ply to the president" were adopted, of
which the quotations above give a pret
ty fair Idea.
ARCHEISH0P IRELAND TALKS
lie Declares the French Government
Inildel to the Core and an En
emy of All Religion.
St. Paul, Dec. 24. Archbishop Ire
land, in his sermon at the cathedral,
spoke on the topic, "Church and State
in France." He expressed the belief
almost at the outset of his remarks
that the trouble in France would pass
by and that the church there would in
the end be really free, as it is in
Great Britain and the United States.
He declared that the trouble now was
a war of infidels against religion. Said
he: "It is a lamentable fact that there
is in France a party bent on 'he de
struction of religion. The war Is made
on the Catholic church, because she in
France represents religion. In reality
in intent and in fact the war is against
Christianity under any form, against
religion of any kind, against the iuea
itself of a God reigning over men.
"The old spirit of Voltaire and the
encyclopedists of the eighteenth cen
tury never died out In France. It had
an outburst of triumph, In the revolu
tion, when God was declared non-existent,
and infamy itself, denoted the
'Goddess of reason,' was uplifted to
adoration upon the altar of the cathe
dral of Paris. It slumbered a while
under succeeding imperial and royal
regimes; it has reawakened to new vig
or in the freedom allowed to thought
and speech by the present republic."
Justice Harlan Keeps a Feast
Washington, Dec. 24. On the 23d
of December, 1S5G, Hon. John M. Har
lan, now an associate justice of the
supreme court of the United States,
was married at Evansville, Ind.. and
Saturday heand Mrs. Harlan celebrated
their golden wedding by giving a re
ception at their residence in this city.
Tiie greateT part of official and social
Washington, including the president,
called to pay respects. Mrs. Harlan
was Miss Melville French Shanklin,
daughter of a well known Evansvillle
Explosion Kills One Man.
Chicago, Dec. 24. An explosion and
fire at the plant of the Northwestern
Gas Light and Coke company at Ev
nnston. seventeen miiea north of here,
resulted in the death of Isaac Terry
and serious injury to three other mea,
all workmen employed by tiie gas coa-
XMAS SPECIAL SALE OF CANDY
Our list p?'ico for tho holidays. Evervthinc:
Mixed candies 10c a lb'., 3 lbs. for 23e; up to
50e a lb. Fancy boxes from 25c up to $10.00.
Low price on cigars from 12 to 50 in a box.
Don't forget the little ones at home. Our ice
cream soda and hot drinks are just right. All
orders delivered free.
Telephone 2tM2. 12C South llohmna St. Hammond, Ind.
PLAN TO SAVE SOMETHING
during 1907. Start right now. Get out of that old rut you wers in eo loajr. Let us khow
On your Furniture, Piano or other personal property and pay off all your troublesome
debts acd concentrate all you owe Mere.
Or perhaps you wish to buy a Christmas present for some friend and haven't the
ready cash. W'e will loan you the require! amount for any purpose and jou can repay
us in small weekly or monthly payments.
ALL BUSINESS STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL
Call, write or phone and we will send our representative.
THE CHICAGO DISCOUNT CO.
9138-40 Commercial Avenue
Telephone South Chicago, 1C4.
Open evenlnrs until 9 o'clock.
Lots in McHie and Woodlawn Sub
Inquire of Agent on ground or
HAMMOND REALTY CO.
The First New Year's Resolution
"I Will go to Falfurrias Jan. 1"
Mr. Practical Farmer:
You have put up the fall crop.
Winter is on you. What can j-ou do but wait patiently for spring?
But In Fairarrias It Is warm and balmy. They are getting 'ready tc
plant the seed. Everything la active. Everybody is hustling.
Of course you know all about this wonderful section of southern Texan,
Two and three crops a year. The earliest and best vegetables. The farmer"
can sit under his own orange tree and watch nearly every known crop grow la
luxurious profusion while the Northern farmer Is still snowbound.
You know the perfect climate, sufficient rainfall, the artesian water, tha
cheap labor, the railroads, the towns, the banks, the schools, and most of all,
the wonderful opportunity to buy the richest land, yet at the lowest price;
what does it mean to you? Do you desire to continue to raise $15 crops oa
$100 land? Why not raise $100 crops on $15 land.
Farmers like you are leaving the west and east and north and coming ta
this promised land. Why not? Will the yield of Yonr crop pay you back your
total investment twice over in one year? On November 6 we sent 22 prospec
tors to this country. All bought land. Every day, very hour this land 14
growing more valuable.
Choice sections 14 months ago were worth $15 an acra
.now they are worth irom $G0 to $100 an acre.
Two years ago where 28 people comprised a town now dwell 1,506.
The name opportunity is now yours, for we are now laying out two nrf
town niten and building a new railroad. Development is going on faster and
faster. Choice locations are selling now at $13. You can buy land by tha
railroad now as cheap as you can buy land ten miles away a little later. And
this land Is the richest and best in the world. But its first come, first served.
Now Is your chance to see for yourself.
January 1st, Excursion Day
Why are people coming to Falfurrias, why are towns springing up, ra!l
roads building, land advancing in value? Because here the farmer can liva
Better, makes more Money and makes it more Quickly and with Lrn Capital
It's a fine trip there. We want you to meet the poor men who went
there and are now Independent the well to do farmer who went there and ia
now rich. We bring you to Falfurrias and nature does the rest. Why, when
twenty acres of onions will clear you $4,120, off an investment of $1,390, and
all the time your land is getting more valuable, and you have credit at tha
bank, and you are in a growing community, isn't it worth while going there?
Isn't it worth while exchanging winter for summer, a mere living for:
"We are laying out towns, building railroads,"
"What are you doing?"
Write today for a free map of Texas, and full particulars, to tho
Falfurrias Immigration Company,
KANSAS CITY, MO.
Make arrangements today with our agent to take this New Years trip.
Cheap rates and Btop over privileges.
J. B. F. SHOWALTER, District Agent round trip
East Chicago, Ind.
"Take this land by the new towns
Nuts from 5c to 25c per pound. Candy
10c per pound, 3 pounds for 25c, up to
60c per pound. $8.00 box candy we sell
for $6.75. Fruit and cigars, lowest
price. Ice Cream Soda and Hot Drinks
136 SOUTH. JHOHMAN STREET.
South Chioaco, US.
and railroad; but take It quickly."
catena & Co
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