Newspaper Page Text
Friday, Sept. 23, 1910.
THE TIMES. 12 ?! 3 is 3"E Hammond Savings & Trust Co. Fire Insurance General Banking Safe Deposit Vaults HOW -HAMMOND GR01 OTTO KHOERZER TYPE Of PUBLIC SPIRITED Fil All Open Monday and Friday Evenings 597 South Hohman St. 3C Makes - Valuable Improve ments and Beautifies Land Around Plant. Tenement Rents Often Blood Money, Says Housing Expert Author of Indiana Building Law Shows How Houses Slay and Corrupt. Telephone 519 R OR SAUE: THE HEART OF HAMMOND. If you are not convinced by this argument today you will be tomorrow. Do you know that there is but one established east and west business street in Hammond State street. Do you know that there are but two orth and south business streets in Hammond Hoh man street and Calumet avenue. This being true, you can't get away from the fact that the corners of State and Hohman and State and Calu met avenue are the best in the city. I own one of the corners of State street and Calumet avenue. It is for sale cheap. It will bring big returns on the investment now. It will be worth a fortune in a few years. 128 Fest on Ca'uimt Avenue, 113 Feet on State Street. Call at Times DnQnnn C ItnnfiQ Phone 111 Office nUblUU Li HUUUby Hammond Bldg Otto Knoerzer is one of ' the most public spirited citizens in Hammond and his public splritedness ia shown conclusively in the efforts he has been making to improve the north side in the vicinity of his plant, the Champion Potato Machinery company. Knoeraser has purchased a large number of lots and has moved the houses off from them so that he could have a little park in front of his plant. It is estimated that it has cost Knoerzer at least $10,000 alone merely in the work of beautifying the sur roundings of his plant. If the plant was docated in a choice residential district this expenditure of money might be explained, but for a man to attempt to deliberately change the en vironment of his plant is hard to un derstand. ttut Knoerzer figures that his men will be more contented. Tis neigh bors will feel that he is trying to do something for them and that the good feeling all around will alone be worth the money. It is pointed out that if other manufacturers took this view even the manufacturing district would be beautiful. The prophecy of J. N. Hurty, secre tary of the state board of health, that the death rate among the children would be quadrupled for October com pared with the summer months, owing to the poor housing conditions preval ent throughout the state, has caused an increase in the interest of the vari ous charity organizations of the city. It is predicted that from now on a vig orous campaign will be conducted to the end that some effective legislation may be passed in the coming session. Mrs. Albion Fellows Bacon, who was the author of the bill which was de- were intended for the occupancy of a few people and only sufficient provis ions were made for that number. With the inroads of the poor in larger num bers, ventilation, drainage and hy giene becomes serious problems, which too frequently are neglected. It is declared a misconception that only the larger cities, such as London, Berlin and' New York have slums. "Even in our villages we often find types of slums which would be a dis grace to a crowded city," said Mrs. Bacon on this point. It is not neces sary that the slum district should oc- feated last session, is expected to lead j cupy much space, even one house can BUSINESS tiOT EXPECTED TO INCREASE TILL HOV. Uncertainty About Election! Causes Halt in Indust rial Conditions. - the attack again this coming year and her followers are more hopeful of suc cess, as it is said that a large num ber of new votes are sure to be polled for the bill. , The Charity Organisation society has just published in booklet form a pa per written by Mrs. Bacon on the question under the title, 'The Hous ing Problem of Indiana.'.' The book let goes into the question at some length, taking up the various effects or poor housing on the people indi vidually, the city, state and the nation. "The most pitiful victim of the mod ern city life is not the slum child who dies, but the slum child who lives," declares Mrs. Bacon. "Every time a baby dies, the nation loses a pros pective citizen, but in every slum child who lives the nation has a probable consumptive and criminal." We are just beginning to learn that a man has Just as much right to kill a man on the street with an ax as he has to kill him with a house. We are learning that to collect rents from our be a slum of the most vicious type, .con gestion in this case only makes slums more dangerous and harder to i fight." The conditions which make a slum, those which are generally Included in the term "bad housing," are to be found In the expensive flats of the city and in the little shack of the village, says the same authority. They vary in de gree only. The flat may be and often 1? Insanitary, while' in the case of th dwellings of the poor, they all too fre quently lack what is generally regard ed as an absolute necessity to the civilized being clean water and plenty of it. It Is pointed out, while there is city water in Indlanapolir, a great many of the houses draw their supply from cis terns which become polluted with the filth of the yard and In some cases the seeplngg from vaults. This is one of the most frequent causes of typhoid fever and other malignant diseases. The rear tenement on the alley Is one of the worst evils because stables and vaults are also on the alley and are of ten full of filthy refuse, says the author. Architects Suite 106, Citizens National Bank Building Hammond, Ind. 1! i,miiiiiTiiiinriiil(ii gti ... i iiTfip n i iiiumi nnriiiiii ininrfi(it sr&ms in amnion ji . In some of these dwellings cessDOOls old death-traps of tenements is really are under the floors of the houses, garb to take blood money. It has been the raris a Pra fnat t Vi wlnilnwa anil in custom to blame the poor for their some cases even built azalnst the vard closets of the front buildings. These conditions compel the tenant to keep the windows and doors closed and the light and air that is so necessary are surroundings on the ground that they are shiftless and dirty. But how can they be clean without water or drains or any provision for their ashes and H - IT Jill 2L o 212 DOUGLAS ST Phone 37 DEALER IIS Stone Fire Brick Fire Clay Plaster Brick Lime Cement Plaster B'rd W. Thomas of the Simplex Railway Appliance company stated today that now new orders have been received lately. lie said that he did not look for business to pick up until late this fall. He stated that business conditions are very unsettled as a. resuu or me Roosevelt speeches that have been made over the country. The European investors are afraid of American in vestments owing to the agitation that has been carried on. i ..... ;; There is an air of uncertainty about the business situation that makes it impossible for the big corporations to float their bonds and the railroads have decided on a policy of retrenchment that prevents the carrying out of new projects. garbage? How much bathing or thus shut off. Some families have been washing would any of us If we had to found sharing a stable with a horse or bring water from a fountain two a mule. squares away, carry it up two flights 1 In regard to the results of the tene- of stairs, heat it on a broken stove ments upon the occupants, Mrs. Bacon and bathe in a wash basin? points out consumption, typhoid rever Mrs. Bacon also has a few words to , an chills. A chart prepared, showing sav about th architect who. for the miitt.r t a f ,iii o tn ' as compared with building In which nronnr hvl.nl, "raule uwierence in i.ie giuvtwi. xwu-liuius ul cue uoniiqutiu timurcii come from the homes of the dirty, 111 ventilated homes, it is declared. Two- thirds of the physically ill children come from the same class or homes. and the same applies to the deserting the children of the congested districts as compared with those of more fa Estimates Cheerfully Given. o ur ROOFING Lasts 25 Years. Others Don't We guarantee our asphalt recoating and gravel for Ten Years. For Information phone 1381 or 2142 or see Limdt Roofing Co. Room 314 Hammond Bldg. Hammond, Ind. "OLDEST ROOFING F?IRA1 IIS L.AKQ COUNTY" FT1 I2H ker Bros. Co DEALERS IN BUILDING MATERIAL Coal, Wood, Flour, Feed, Hay, Grain, Salt, Lime, Cement, Plaster, Stone, Brick, Hair and Stucco 144 to 146 Sibley Str. Telephone 58 257 North Hohman Str. Telephone 3 Hammond, Indiana sanitary arrangements are not made. "He knows that every room which human beings ocupy must be supplied with sunlifirht and air. Tf hn dlihpr- ! ately plana the .administering of fatal doses of carbonic f acid g-as. It ia as bad as It would be for a doctor to de liberately prescribe fatal doses of laudanum. The fee involved, the con venience or greed of his client, does not lessen one whit the responsibility of the architect." The housing problem that Indiana is now confronting has to deal not only with the "multiple dwelling" or tene ment house, but with the single dwell ing, not only with the residences of the por and middle classes, but with those of wealthy as well according to Mrs. Eacon, who points out that the houses which the wellto-do class abandon are sooner or later taken up by the poor and become tenements. Unless the original builder has used care in the construction of his house, these buildings are apt to become the worst kind of slum districts. As an example of this is cited the j many houses that at one time were . J mansions of the wealthy, but which, A report to the effect that a num- i owing to the march of the business H. B. DOUGLAS SAYS STORY IS HOI TRUE ber of men were being laid off at the plant of the Standard Steel Car Co. was denied by Superintendent Doug las today. Douglas admitted that things were slow In the freight department, but section, have been abandoned and ta ken up by the poorer classes, and In which dozens or scores 'of people are now residing. These houses orglnally fathers. The moral side of the hous ing question is touched upon by Mrs. Bason, who says: "When a family of ten. living in three rooms, takes in boarders, modesty and morality are apt to be crowded out." The tenement houses having common closets, halls and stairs, es pecially where the halls are dark, are breders of vice. The vlciousness of the one house is not confined, but soon per vades the neighborhood, which soon be comes infamous. This influence is felt in civic life, fof it is from this class of dwellings that the ballot box stuffer comes. It is here that the floaters are housed during the weeks preceding elections and in a measure it is this class of people who select the officials. It is this last element that has al ways created strong opposition to any proposed legislation that would do away with these conditions. In the large cities, where corrupt polities is practiced, the gangster relies upon the slum for his support. He is not willing to increase the cost of housing. In Europe these questions are handled differently; the tenant knows to what he is entitled and demands it. The law sees to it that he does get It. tltion closely at floor there is considerable activity in the j door in front of the The company rivlters If it passenger department. could use a few more could get them. No new orders are coming In, and it is not expected that business will pick up until after the fall elections. and ceiling. A ordinary side boards, where you shovel the coal will better keep out the dust. out. Doing Big Business. The Northern Indiana Gas & Electric company Is doing more new Dustness no wdays than It ever has in Us his tory before. New gas pipes are being laid and new customers are buying electricity. The recent tests that were made with the purpose of showing the economy wit hwhich gas can be used In cook ing were great educators, and as a re sult a large number of gas stoves are being put in. Business is good, accord ing to the local representatives of the gas company. Ft. Wayne With one of the largest and most complete showings of exhibits in the history of the association, the Ft. Wayne fair, opened Its gates Tues day. It will continue until Saturday. Evansville Deputy state mine In spector Sams, of Chandler, has ordered the Banner coal mine here closed on the ground that the management of the mine has failed to live up to the mining laws of the state. Columbus Because of numerous com plaints made on the quality of the gas furnished local consumers by the Columbus Gas Company the city coun cil has ordered a "sixty minute bar photometer" and will install it in the basement of the city hall where it will be used to test the candle power of the gas. The city will probably also buy a meter tester. The Vegetable Cellar. Pay particular attention to the cool cellar for vegetables. Build it on the ' shady side, in the coolest corner, and provide it with an outside window for ventilation. If you wish to have your vegetables keep the longest possible time, remove the potatoes, cabages, turnips, and the llkt. from the crates ! or barrels, and spread them out in j racks or bins, provided for the purpose, j Do not keep your preserves in the or- 1 dinary cool cellar. Build a separate ' closet for them, in a dark, cool corner. without outside light. Use artificial light instead, as the strong light from out-of-doors wil spoil the preserves. Extra Copies of this Edition of the TIMES IVfay toe obtained at the Times Office, Hammond Oldgr A Dust-Proof Coal-Bin. A dust-proof coal bin will be a Joy forever. The way to make it so is to double-board the partition around it. placing good, thick sheathing paper,' well lapped, between the layers of boards. Another good way, which re- j quires less lumber, is to use one thick ness of tongued and grooved boards,' and paint the Joints with white lead before . they are put together. This make a tight partition. Tou must be careful that the carpenter fits the par-; Send one to the loved ones abroad. PROPERTY, Lots on West State street f300.00 Lots on Hirsch avenue 200.00 Lots on Everett street 200.00 Lots on Gordon avenue 200.00 Sewer and Water in. State street lots paved 42 feet wide with Macadam. BEST VALUES IN HAMMOND. SPECIAL DISCOUNT ON CASH SALES. West Hammond Realty Co. 30 West Rimbach Avenue H. Finneran, Manager Phone 568 v. i Telephone 401 1 Mason Contractor and Builder . . . 207 Douglas Ave West Hammond, Indiana United Boiler Heating and Foundry Co. Founders, Machinists. Boiler Makers MANUFACTURERS OF7 frowst Hot Water How about your heating plant ? We can save you money both on installation, cast and fuel consump tion. Come in and talk it over with us. 200 Wilcox St., Phone 65 Hammond, Ind. 53P House H MO 111! ouse naisim Estimates furnished on Foundations F. S. Cotton 365 Truman Ave. Hammond, Ind. Telephone 2804