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THE TIMES Worlnrsclav. August 15, 1917 tf'LmvM Vs i. i a i i,. 1 i0 IW PLANT EVERY SPARE ACRE TO GRAIN By P. G. HOLDEN. THE extraordinarily high prices of ail kimls of ocroals should be a suift cieat incentive to farmers to riant cvtry ji.issihlo aero to grain this year Between April 1, 1010, and the .same date this year, the farm vahu of corn increased GO per rent; wheat. ;to per cent; oats, 40 per cent barley, SO per cent ; rye, 00 per vent ; and l;oki heat. 1 1 1 per cent. With the entry of the United States into the war and the necessity of tlih country's sending larjre s-hipments of prain to uur allies, prices of cereals will remain high regardless of acreage or yield. The situation is especially serious as regards wheat. The 1010 yield ir, nearly all wheat growing countries was far below that of the previous year while the acreage has been steadily diminished in many of the warring nations To add to the world shortage, the winter wheat crop in the United States vas nearly a failure, a large per cent of the liehls having been winterkilled To make up this great deficiency, every acre in our wheat. belt that can K possibly spared for that cereal should be planted to spring wheat. The worl '. demands bread and bread requires wheat. The situation is sufficient assuranct that wheat will be one of the best paying crops regardless of the total harvest. The same thing. Is more or less true of other grains. The world shortage of wheat will necessitate a more general use of other grains in the manufacture of foodstuffs and in no instance need the farmer fear low prices for his produce. Cattle, swine, and sheep will be in greater demand this year than last. Herds should not be reduced to the danger point by the lure of high prices. They must be perpetuated. They should be increased in size and number, anc tMs cannot be done unless there Is sufficient breeding stock. The farmer who, even at the present hih prices, disposes of those animals needed for breeding purposes wi!l more than lose his extra profit by reason of not having an increase to dispose of later. While there naturally will he fluctuations in the market prices of botr raln and live stock, there is little likelihood of prices suffering a great dror for some time probably two or three years, possibly longer. We must not farm for today alone. We must plan for tomorrow for next J-ear and the year after that. To do so will be both patriotic and profitable. TO PUT UP FRUIT WITHOUT USIHG SUBAR HOW r V 1 NOTE The following1 Is another article ia The series of food conservation stories written by Earr7 E. Eamarct, Indiana food director ,for the United Press. INDIANAPOLIS. INP, Aug. 14 Harry E. Barnard. Indiana's unofficial ; food- dictator, today warned Indiana j housewives not to permit high sugar j prices to discourage the use of tho pre- serving kettle. He grave detailed in- i structions for preser ing fruits and berries without sugar. "Berries of all kinds will he plentiful this summer and even city housewives J who watc hthe market carefully will be able to purchase small fruits by the Crete at reasonable prices.' he snid. "The real value in these fruit lies in their Juice. After th juice has been pressed out of grapes, cherries or the sm.ill fruits, all that remains is the useless seed and the woody fiber and cellular tissue which give the fruit its form. The fruit acids, sugars, and mineral salts are pressed out with the jui:e. These ujices put in bottles will keep for months without spoilage. They can be used as beverages or concentrated by boiling, sweetened and made into jellies. "If housewives find it difficult to get jelly glasses during the usual season for jelly making, she will be quite as well satisfied if she presses out the juice from her fruits, puts them in bot tles without sugar, sterilizes them and stores the package m the dark until fusar is cheaper and jolly glasses more easily obtained. "Miny fruits, such as strawberries, cherries and pineapples, which are now plentiful and which contain so little pectin that thry will not make good jellies, can t pressed and the juices bottled. LateV in the season, when ap ples are cheap these juices mixed with apple stock and sugar can be used for tilling' the jelly tumblers. "To put up unsugarcd fruits for jelly making follow the same methods as if jelly were to be made of the fresh juices. Cook the fruits until they are soft and strain out the juice through a jelly bag: bring to boil and pour while hot into bottle that have been carefully washed and sterilized by boiling. Fill the bottles full of juice and close with a new cork which has been sterilized by boiling. Place the filled, sealed bot tles on their sides in the water near the boiling point and keep them in the bath for half an hour, taking pains to keep corked and below the Surface. "When the bottles are partly cooled dip the cirk and neck into paraffin or sealing wax. When jelly is needed for the table make it from this sterilized juice by adding the proper amount of sugar and following the usual directions for jelly making." East Chicago Her People and Occurences j are Chicago visitors today. j FOR SALE Household goods. ZZ'. Block Ave. Charles P. Erevocrt of Chicago, president of the Bievcort Silica com pany, was in East Chicago yesterday efternoon on business. Mrs. Alice Reiboldt transacted busi ness in Chicago today. John Wickey left for Knox. Ind.. to day to visit with his son. who is spend ing his vacation with friends in that city. Mr?. M. H. Silverman i3 a Chicago visitor today. Taul Lewis, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Lewis of Magoun avenue, is ex pected home from Fcnsacola, l"la., where he is training in the United States Naval Training camp. He will remain about ten days. The work is coming- along in apple pie order at the Red Cross Sewing Center. Are you helping? Your help is needed. Call at 722 Chicago avenue and do your share. The Welfare Nurses' association held a .meeting at the home of Mrs. J. D. Jones of 1111 'Beacon street last evening. Mrs. Pearl Foraker Loucks is leav ing this evening for her home in De troit. Mich., after a shor.t visit with her parents. Mil TO FIGHT AN AUTOMOBILE FIRE The- average motorist has never g:en much thought to the question (if extinguishing a fire in his car, should one occur, and inasmuch as Indiana Harbor Personal and Otherwise Mrs. Kellams of French Lick is vis iting her son, Dr. Kellams of Fir street. Mrs. Deitch entertained the Five Hundred club last night at her home on Block avenue. "The Club" will meet with Dwight Filson Thursday evening. All mem bers are urged to be present. The Ladies' Aid society of the V. P. church will meet Thursday afternoon with Mrs. Hathaway of Ivy street. All members are urged to be present. Mrs. Foster Moore is visiting friends In Chicago this week. She is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Hasoall of Drummond street, and expects to re turn from Chicago Friday. Reese Saunders has returned from New Jersey after a two months' visit with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Bert Haight of Com monwealth virited friend3 in Gary last tveninfc". Mias Mildred Scott, who for the past two months has been visiting her sis ters, Mrs. Carl Smith and Miss Maude Scott, returned to her home in Athens, O.. this morning. Misses Gail Dickson. Rudolph, Mary Rudolph, Mrs. W. Hughes. Mrs. Jack Johnstone, formed a theater party this afternoon and saw "Seven Chances" In Chicago at the Cort. Xr. and Mrs. Lipinski of Euclid avenue are the proud parents of a 13 pound boy born Tuesday morning. The J-O-Y girls wfill meet with Miss Margaret Brissey on Drummond street tonight instead of Ora McQuilkin as announced last night. Mrs. Gulliver and cons of Fir' street carburetor f.res, and other fires com mon to the automobile, have teen oc curring with such frequency during the xast few months, the State Fire Marshal has been led to issue a few Miggestions r.n the subject: 1. The most important thing to re memlier in case of fire of this kind is to keep cool. A few seconds lost in panic at the start may result dis astrously. 2. At least one small fire extin guisher should be on every car. It should be placed where it may be readily accessible in an emergency. The small extinguisher is indispensa ble in handling a gasoline fire, and is also useful in fighting any other kind of blaze about tfie car. 3. In the absence of an e xtingnisher sand or dirt ran be used, but it should be remembered that if sand is thrown int- the carburetor mechanism, incal culable harm is likely to result. 4. Do not use water in attempting to extinguish a carburetor fire or other gasoline tire. This merely tends to spread the fire. 5. If the engine backfires, use the starter to turn the motor. If this does not draw the flames into the manifold use the extinguisher. This should put out the fire with little difficulty. 6. If the fire has reached the drip pan. extinguish that first, and then work up to the carburetor. 7. If the fire is caused by ignition of pasoline from hot exhaust, short circuit, or other condition about the car. the extinguisher should also be used with equally good effect. Do not invite destruction of your car. and probable injury to yourself, by lighting a mafh to see how much gas there is in the tank. There is only one way. according to Dempsey, the Willard expert, know ing whether the generator of an au tomobile is holding up its end. and that Is by making ammeter tests. Ammeter reading at regular interval.-.." says Mr. De:T.p.ey, "are almost as important in the care of the bat tery as hydrometer readings. One? at least the motorist Fhould check up lus generator and battery with the ammeter to be sure that the gener ator is returning to the battery as much power as the battery is puttint forth for cranking, lighting and for ignition. 'Thi3 is a simple matter: first, with the car standing still all the lights should be turned off and an ammeter reading taken. The hand of the dial will lead to the left hand or discharge side of the dial. Then with the engine running at the speed it would with the machine moving at about 15 miles an hour, or with the machine running at that speed and all the lights ex tinguished, another reading should be taken. In this case the hand will be : 1 3 t 4 1 14 U 4 V ir', i t PUBLISHED FOIK TH 'T ' 't$ I AT T E Ft- E S T " 0Hi9 fOMZ -JLOVSG PEOPLE WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15, 1917. VOL. I., NO. 36. PRICE ATTENTION. (pp7 VI t -- ';' - "i. . mlLj rtrwi-ijh nr 1 tw- Lj&rtt tm -intli 'r ,..4 L r 1 i Delayed Jmsie Brides Will Fisid It Beneficial to Select Their FMrnitwre From .Our Stocks Furniture and for Your Bedroom ugs Furniture and Rugs for Your Living Room AV-"'"'(.V". . . -! Furniture and Linoleum for Your Kitchen as fiiaJ s r ii ?wsi . v.l cfeAiu1 pin Furniture and Linoleum & ISEfllhrr Qlk?;a443 1 Furni tea 1 :ic Furniture and Rugs for Your ining Room We specialize on furnishing your home complete. All our Furniture is selected with the intention of making your flat a real HOME and pay for it as you go along according to your convenience. Here is One of Our August Specials This SIMMON Light Steel Bed, full 2-inch post continuous with heavy rod fillers, everlasting Vernis Martin finish. Complete with spring and mattress for August te 7 Ski llfrvmn d T&mm .IHHWIWI M.1J . ) Mill m I X ML 1 Here is Another This new NEWOFOLD Convertible Bed Divan, built of solid oak, uphol stered in highest grade artificial Spanish leather. Will take a regular mattress, which insures a real good night's rest. Special for August jM jfjiy ijrWii'fti ..l.z ''J jf-'! Let the Bit; Three solve your Home Keeping Problem. 1 ""SlfJSt? ? Wfc ti .V U r ill m,:t fJ r 4f 4ra p4 1 la iiMi 'i ! i- 4 MUM 13 JSFT- QUALITY-HONOR Trade at ono of the Big Three nearest your home 5 11 -i4 -1 "5 3 1 P - ;1 K u h4 H. ml, ft iiirt J.II.I-L'U Uf II. Ut II vrr, jmi hr it J ti'i h 'h 4 Hints from the State Defense Council Buy flour in small quantities and protect it carefully from spoilage, is ,h keynote of a suggestion that o-nies from the United States Depart ment of Asriculture. It is a pertinent r'oint in tonneetion with the nation wide camraisrn to save one-third of ihe normal wheat supply of the na tion. Sound four, milled from standard wheat, exhibits very little tendency to decompose when stored in a proper inclined toward the right hand or charging tide of the dial. The rest is -rely a matter of comparing the two readings. "If the generator is 'on the job.' the second or charge reading will he equal to or up to 30 per cent- in ex cess of the flist discharge reading, rince the battery has to supply power for cranking it is advisable to have the rate of charge in excess of the discharge rate, when the lights are burning. nanner. Nevertheless, there is con sidoiable loss of flour through spoilage as a result of improper storage, par ticularly during the hot summer inonths. Housekeepers on the farm and in the city should purchase flour in ac cordance with their present needs tnly. It is false economy for the hou? kieper to purchase larger amounts of four than can he used within a rea sonable length of time. Any storage of flour in excess of the consumer's present need consti tutes hoarding, which under existing circumstances is an unpatriotic and reprehensible practice, of no profit to the individual who thus offends and threatening serious injury to the best interests of the country. Owing to the increasing number of war funds for which solicitors are en gaged over the state, the State Coun cil of Defense has suggested to County Councils the recognition of Mich worthy causes by a card or other emblem, guaranteeing the integrity of the work. Reports have been made of importers who have defrauded the people out of considerable sums, and it is felt that the public is entitled to some protection, especially in com munities where these "grafters" have been most active. "If we eat more than our share we fat somebody else's share," reads a poster 'distributed broadcast in Eng land. It is supplemented with the further statement: "Save the bread and the bread will save you." Both propositions are as applicable in In diana and America and it is the hope of the food administrators that it will not be necessary to make any harsher presentation of these truths. GRIFFITH 1 Sunday School items. The big Sunday school picnic of Aug. 9 turned out just grand. We left Grif fith at 8:30 a. m. on the C. & O. Had a special coach for the picnicers. It was about one-half hour's ride. When we got to the lake it was found boats were for rent. The boys rented them and most every one had a boat ride, and a wet ting. Some cf the boys went in swim ming. We ate our dinner in a large pas ture not far from a f.-irm hous.', and the people came down from the house and had lunch. There wore races of all kinds after dinner, and prizes for the winners. One of the prizes wa3 a perk of potatoes for the mirri-d women. Mrs. Kreda Christenscn won the pota toes. We left the lake, at 3;33 p. m. and arrived home at 4:05 p. m. Uve-ry one enjoyed themselves and ere ail looking forward for next year's pienic. J.Ir. and Mrs. Taggart. Mr. and Mrs. Russell and Mr. and Mrs. Rutherford spent Sunday at Iake Eliza where they had a very enjoyable time. The Ladies' Aid society w Tl meet at the church Thursday afterncon. Prof. J. T. Johnson, head of the math ematics of the Gary high school. Fpent the week-end with Dr. and Mrs. Malm stone. Mi?s Daura Lennertz was in town, V Monday. Raurent de St. Auhin was called to fort Sheridan. He returned to his du ties there Tuesday morning. Miss Margaret "Woods will pend the week at Moody camp, Cedr Rake, with her Campfire Girls. Alma Johnson of East Gary, had her tonsils- and adenoids removed", today by Dr. Me.Im stone. Hiram Berlin of Kouts, Ind., visited friends in town. Charles Avhipple of Westford. Vt., is visiting at the home of his aunt, Mrs. W. H. Woodworth. Sylvia Stark of St. John, i3 spendir r the week-end with her sister, Mrs. R. I. Miller. GOVERNMENT IS IN NEED OF 'STENOGRAPHERS The United States government ir in great need of experience! stenograph ers and typewriters, and examinations will be held at. the loeal postof!' e every Tuesday whenever there are an.1 applicants for those positions. Trained young men and women who have taken or who will take up a course of stenography and typewriting are prac tically sure rjf an offer cf government employment at a salary of $900 1 1 $1,200 a year, when thty shall have, qualified in the civil service examina tion. Furthermore by so doing they will be serving their country in an hour of trial. The demand for steno graphers and typewriters in the gov ernment service is practically without limit, and there is no present prospect that it will soon be less. For furthef information, application blanks, etc., call at the po.stoffice. If You Think THE TIMES Is Doing Its Eit Your Support Is Al ways Welcome.