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V I 1 Si TS3M3 S2.0-J. IW ADVANCE "Be Jut and fenr not: Let all the ends thou nims't nt be thy Country's thy God's and Truth's. ID. P. HOLLO WAY & CO, FuMUhers. Volume XXV. RICHMOND, WAYNE COUNTV, LD., NOVEMBER 29, 1855. Number 50. RIC IMO TNI D INDIA PALL ft. H.ITtU AND ILBLISilr.D KV p.p.HOLLOWlV.B.W1DAVIS i I. S. DRUE . mf airrrUIK' th Two . I. t;2 :i in ec tii'leOls, .1.11 V.nn vr., r.im ur.ru'uwu.tw. i.t t:,.1.ii!i,y. - ' ; , ; lvri!"(!in"nU will i 4 ,,ri,.., an l-a-tialf. r.l lnrffe CJt I., j,n,-j j,L n.t- of a4vpr:iin. UtW ci.--. rc.t (.r '" Jiirf f-r -har-aW in conformity with th abov rates. OLIt JOB UKPAHT.MEXT, rfi-lU- r-.'nt!r t.--n DU.-1 i-with tue ,,r,.n.l wearvo-w rr". Jk"" '4' w-wk.iu ii ' :.m....-i-. ...... . ftr.'-. I'rin-ins; dun in t.iiu i.ri inx. won . and i.-T t.-i. rl-r thar.kf ii y r.-. iT na Mtn "E" A IlOlwn PICTl'ItE. Ku f! l mm et thr . Uimnfr J'.-: fw.o wn wruikl'i auJ w": Ad U U mr.f-l L-.th t-M-U on ku t-ut vli cane, At if ! lo' wrk w dua: Hi -af wn offrrNid i.U fihif-offd Rr.v.-. With poi rti! both (li-fpami wi.U, Wher hi ''iPM"nil ti-rl tobawj box Lay iiuly i 1c ly Tho oM min lik'"' to '.r ttia firi. So niwir hiin t!ie t'.n-i wors krpt; Femtimea he mn"l a' he pac4 at th coal.', ttu.cetimej h- "iit ami slc.t. Whst ili'l h in the ambers thrrc? Ave! (ji. tiiri- of other year: A4bow and then thry awakened smiles. But oftener r lur! 'd t-ars. JIi good wifp 't r.n the other aide. In the hi(;h ha- k'-d fl.np-scat chair. Von fee. Vn'h the frill ,t her inuiliu cap The sheca of her silvery hair he wer a "Hue checked" apron now: And it knitting a fock fur him; Her blue ey hiire a gentle look, And y "they r growing dim." ) like t.i call nnd to'.l the news, Ar.d chut an Iwnr ench day. For it siir tl. l.liM.d in an old uian'i henrt To hear uf tho world away. lie kind unto the i ld. my friend. They're worn wi'b this world's strife, Thonsrli hravi-ly onco per hanca tbey fought I lie b.!'le eri-t with life. Thry tau;ht our yonthfuS feet to climb V)ard life riicd steep; Then let us l'-ad tin in ' n'1? l"wn To whira the wcaiy sleep. mmy. Does net this simple the reader of some other liule Little Tom utorv remind T i, ......, c,.., trifle bv the ml,ic of his touch and left it to be cherished nl priceless thine? his from the Charles- i ton N its' "Whdst! passing rapidly up King street, ! . ' : ... 7 . e saw a little boy sitting on a curb stone. , . . - - ,ii e was apparently about o or 6 years old,: i L ii 'u i i -t , i. j id his we 11 combed hair, clean hands and , . , . i M . i i i,3 ce. blight though well patched npron, ami , . i , i ,l t u .t. hole appearance inilic ited that he was tne W taw a IIUIO OOV nuins on iuiu atone, j He and whole appeal child of a loving, though indecent mother As we looked at him cIoely, we wer struck rith the heart-broken expression of liis ootiiiteiiance, and the marks of recent tears on hid Cheek. So. yielding to an uYi'irh aluavs feeds us to snmnathizo .u.: r .u. i:,.i o stopped, and putting a hand upon his hea I, j ,X. , . f ., " .. . t it ! ksed what was the matter? He replied by , , .. .. , . . . u 1 hoMin ui his open hand, in which we be- . ,,,,3 ' f i , , , he II the rBprnents of a broken tin tov a r - fi 'lire of a row. .ni,.:j.k ii it. c,' is viinfc o Mini, irri iiniiti iv. .... L . - r r peap: ... e -i ue gave inni me jasi piece oi silver we nossessefl, tiut Ii nl it I.een tr,.j,l, we uount H re would have noticed it more than he did into tne nearest toy snop anu tmy anoiner . ... , t , i i . , , ' , . , , Indiana. earo, Uc -refore, na urauv led to ana we dropped a fouriM-iicc into his nan:l . , . , ,, . , , , . ,. ,, .... , inquire, 1st, wlietner any implied liruua.ion 'that will buv one, will it not? . -. .-- - ,, f r,. , , i , ol legisU.ivo authoiitv lorbids the passage of 'Oh. yes, 'replied he, bur-tine into a parox- . , , . -, ,, . ... ,r e e m . .I t... t i such a law? and 21, whether the law is coa- Tim of cnef, out this was little jommv s, awl A . ,, .. . , i . ' , i trarv to our C .oiistr.uiiou : ibc silver. The wealth of the world could : lu England, it is a maxim that Parliament not have supplied the vacancy that thebreak- is omnipotent. The maxim cannot be applied ing of that toy ha 1 left in his little u:iophist- to any law-making power in the United Skates; icntai heart. because here a.'l legislation is under constitu- tioaal Iiaiitatii ns. I! it were it not for these Pkettv Womex. If we have a wenknes constitution.il limitations, there would he just or a foitle incident to hiinidu uature, it is our a much reason in holding that the maxim is aJmiriition of apretiv woman. The follow- true with reference to the lieiier! Assembly ing correct description of one of Vm, must of In diana, as to the British IV. i '.lament. We have been w iitteii by one who was similarly do not say that it is stricdy true of either. afflicted: i But we do say that, except so fara our legis- A pretty woman is one of the 'institutions' lature is cous!itntioual!y limited, it possesses of the country an angel in dry goods and as ample legisl.i ive powers as a:iy legislature gloiy. She makes sunshine, blue sky. Fourth in the world legitimately possesses. Our con ef J illy, and happiness, wherever she toes, stitutioii provides that "The legislative au'.hor Her path is one of delicious roses, perfume ity of the Suite shall be vested in the General nj beau'y. She is a sweet poem, written Assembly." This is a sovereign State. Ex in rnre curls, choice calico, and good prin- cept so far as the Federal Constitution limits cip'es. Men Hi:i I up befcic her as so many it, it has as much legitimate hgi'.vive power admiration points, to melt into cream and as any State in the world. Whatever "irgis thea but tor. Her words float around the ear lative authoiitv" it does possess is all "vested hke .cusie, birds of I'aradise, or the chimes of in the General Assembly." The constitution ahbih bells. Without her, society would makes a general giant of the law making loss its truest attraction, the church its fit- power to that body, and thereby makes it a et reliance, r.nd young men the very best of sovereign body; f. r "sovereignty and IcgNi t rerafort and company. Her inrlucnetv and tur are, indeed, convertible terms." 1 ger.tr. sit y restrain the vil lous, strengthen the Biarkst. Com. do'. It follows therefore, that ek, raie the 1 nvlv, fi innel shtit the hea- our General Assembly having the complete ilien. and encourAge the faint hearted. investurc of the law-m.'iLiiig power, and hemg hereTcr nu finl the virtuous woman, you sovereign und. r consiifarional limi'a ion as alo find pleasant f! re sides, boquets, clean ae prescribed, it may. within the bounds of cloth, order, cool living, gentle hearts, pi- those limitations, legislate on any subject which ety, music, liht and model "institutions" . is a proper object of legis! f.ion, according to generally. She is the flower of humanity, the order and nature of things, and the cca efj Venus in dimity, and her inspiration is nitution of man. 'he breath of Heaven. It is, then, proper here to inquiie, what, are - the proper objects of legislation? The De- Thk Dt Tr or Citizess Constituted as . claration of Independence, and our State cur gorrrnment is, it is the duty of every Constitution give the answer to this question. cai. n to t-tke par; iu poliiicel affairs. The ' and tell us that the proper objeet of legislation majority of the people, in accordir.ee with is the security to the people of life, liberty, "Mten laws, govern. They can elect for ; and the pursuit of happiness. And th'u is, in 'tScers eiihcrgood orbad men. It is impor-i deed, no more than that maxim of general tant that every citizen should vote. It is not 'law, talus populi suprtma Ujc. only his privi'ege. but his duty ad.ity which ! The writers on the law of na'ure and pub eniit be disregarded. There is a respecta-j lie law also furnish us the test of the proper we elass of persons who think propriety rj- i objects of legisla'ion. That test as foiiows: Jiiirts ihera to abstain from all patiLipation ! 1. "The thing ordained must be possib'e;" o politics. These persons cannot think of i . ' Ti e law' must be of soms U ility;" 3. tlie treasure which w as paid to purchase our "The law must be in itself just; that is. com liberties, nor do they know that 'eternal vis-; formab'p to order an denature if things is wt;l iftot-e is the price of liberty." Men party; as to the cons.i ution'of man." 1 Bailama nien are not required to be noisy dema- qui's I'rineipK s of Natural and Political gues. to hector an 1 quarrel; but they are 1 Law, ch. lu, 9. We need not cite other ff'juirei to art intelligently and honestly authors We believe that .!! writers on "at J'ey are reqiired to keep iri check the turbu I nr Political Law agree on this point. Jew demagogue, and to give purity and fidel-j Tested, then, by these rules, let us see if the "y to the ballot-boxes. 'statute under consideration is valid. . - . . . , ! First, Is the thing ordained possible? No- -A Quaker, en bearin-? a man srin,J body doubts this. It therefore nds no argu- S a particularly dilsnklated Vart of U, .4 : men- . ?W up to him and 8.V.d VrnA 1.'' h'S sla'u-e b nnder obligations to thee. What thoa ht rP.d to "be of some utility?" The an one i would have done, but my religion and lo lhl S,.C1S . "s"'1. clt-ar- A conscience forbiddelh it. ftr-Mt ia tv. Jenee and long suff-rin rea verily." useful in projecting life, health, reputation, --. r " ,, ' '- property. It mav be useful in maintaining stelT LlneralJcr b"aS charged with public instruction, or in advancing public it f iTSH.n' PWre be haJ U ver 8inoe i mo5'- W contend that the act for the sup ws a wheeibarrow. 1 , , , , , r pressvon of intemperance is useful, (at least IN THE SUPREME COURT. juay Tttitn, KotlEBICK liEEME, I Appml fr m ttaj M- ... fc. FovekaV, Sheriff, a-e.j APPtLLEK 3 BIUEr. ?. Bet-be was p-osecuted before the Mayor of Indianapolis on two distinct charges: the one fur unlawfully making, the other far unlaw fully sellim. intoxicating liquor. In both ,-ases he was found guilty; and in each he ' ' fin(fj n, v dol'ars. Refusing either to . ., .... . ... .av or Bijr ir-.e.si? lines, i-v-uiiinni i.av or star tuese h: to th" ,,f 1'arion County. To test the va- cuJ. he t.blHin3d nai.ist tiie Mierid, from the Marion Common I'k-.is, writs of hal,eii corpus. To these writs th.e .Siu-riff ieturne! the matters nbovt- sta't-d. a.'id that he held IJeebi? in friis'.ody bv virtue of the writs of commitment wniua had been is-ud on the judgments rendon-d in s.tid pro-efu-ion. On the tnakin;; of il.e-e r';urtis, Hc ibe iiiovi'd, without any pleading tLt-retu, for a dc'iar; f'om custody. Tie motion w is overruled; anil he answering no further, wa remanded to prison. From the decision o errfuliu-j said niotion, he appealed to the Supreme Court. We learn that no objection is taken to the form and regularity of these proceedings. The only ground taken for the appellant is, that the statute on which the prosecutions were , founded, is invalid. ! Defore proceeding to inquire into tl-e iditv of that statute, we would observe: I J-lrsst, That this investigation does not in ! volvc any question concerning tl e expedien- cv of the law, but only a question of leUlauve power. i Second, That if either the conviction for unlawfully manufacturing, or fjr unlawfully selling, be vali I, the judgment below must , be affirmed; for the return- to th-j writs of im- leus corpus, severally, show that the appell ant was in custody on both the convictions; ! and any good cause of Jtenuo:i justifies the . imprisonment. i Third, That, though we belive the act nf .he Legislature in question is charly valid. 7, not necessary that it shou.d appear so l nft ' or u'"ess " tan iuow; 01 oher s.do that the act clearly mcahd. ' must P neu A proper r,pect ...r the Legislative I'epa.nient of tat- government '"'1 a l'f. frule- VT niosumnu-.m must alwav be in favor of the niesummi.iii must always oe m favor of ine I'" . "1 ' , , .-. ,, , . validity of the la-s, it the contrary is not ,, . c eai v demonstrate 1. Looi-cr v. ldfmr, ,,;,, ,- ;.i- i Da i. 13. In questions ot this kind, it is J ' , , , 1 , , r. r our duty to decide im favor of the .i! di:yof . - , ... ,.., i -V , thestatu e, unless its uncons;i'u;iona!ity is so obvious as to admit of no doubt." The State v. Cooppr, 5 Ill ickf. 2.j!. Let us now proceed to inquire wiieuicr tiiC , . aur.e!l.i!it is riiihtiu l is position that the art impulse: , , - - i r- -.i of leoruary 1 thjo, ' ior the suppression ol m r.a wiiii , . i i i . i ! temperance, under vvlncn lie wr.s convicted. tempera ls ' , P va;'ll - . This act is cleailv not m violation of the ,,,,,;. i , Federal Constitution. IM, as to understand , . .1 i i . t. them, our opponents themselves admit. It ' ... , . , , ,. miKt limn hs vi ii . mi -ss sonii1 imi eil hm- nation on legislative power tort). as us pas- , , i , ,i, ' uj,rA rr nn itvio n'es tp.e Uonsotu loll ot 11 . l.!'f 7'"'i " ' com' nwionai vromainvnt. f t-,.r., -t any ,,, Hnut n!t ,i upon the lishilivc potccr ul,i.-h i mtrsrinn in'ivn-o'ivc nud i-i,id ndcrs lite law reasonably swer may o ' wtuitv in many respects. xT. ruav re incidentally.) in nearly all 'hese repc-s. All ! i .rciiei:i:e ! as proved that where it:: xicHiing I liquors are habitually ued by ti.e people as a ; beverag", there will be drur.ktnne.-s. And i: ' needs no argument to prove that uruiikenaess is tnfao:ab!o to the protection of life, repu ' tation, and property, and ruinous to a sound morali'y. If drunLennefs is a vie, find so biit ij- a virtue: if the destruction of the mind and body is wrong, and the preservation of : them light, if "order is heaven's Cist law," : and disorder a violation of that law; if to blast . the hopes and happiness of pirents and chil dren is wrong. u;iJ il to promote these is right; if r;rh'eoiiMie;.s exal'eth a nation: and it is a rproa a to an- iH !e: if r.!! this is true, it must b-j equally tree inat trie sup pression of these evils and the promotion of these blessings are lr.ntter of ;-r..H; atility; tliat they .ire within the rang'- of l -gsla'.ive power; nay, that tliry imperiously demand legislative action. Indeed, the proposition that a law for the suppression of ilrurennc"; is useful. se uis to us so plain a nia'ter that it would b disresp.ptful to ti e t.'jurt to urge it further. Third. Is the law jusf? T!:is tp.iesiion ttriv he di p o-c I of verv b: ieflc. We take it as ci-r..'iin L t ..it. intersip-'raure is an e ii, ajuiusi wi.icii it is the uu'y of legislature to provide. And if this be true, it follows tha' the law making ower mav, without injustice, adopt such mea'tires as will be ;k iy to suppress that evil. The choice f those measures must, of course, be left solely to the wisdom 'of the Legislature. At. :ig lio-e measures. surely none ate m i'e likely to suppress t! evil than the prol.i'oi ion of tt.c n.aafac me and sale of iuu-xicating liquors. Ti.is mei ure, then, may justly be adapted. The f i-t. tl at its adopiioii rn iy affect the pecuniary in terests . f home citizens, docs not, in any prop er sense, render the law uriptst. It is not un just to forbid ei'iz-ns to pursue any business injurious to the public good. Nay, it is in justice to the public for hiic.li ci izens to pur sue such a business. The maxim -'c xiUrs tuo ut ullcnuui non Vrd-s, it equally applica ble, to natural and positive 1 uv. Unquestion ably, the power to prohibit all Linus of occu pations reasonably deemed injurious to the public, is in the Legislature, and its exeei c cannot be unjust. "The interest of the whole society," says I'aley, "is binding upon every nart of it. Xo rule, short of this, will pro vide for the stability of government, or for the peace and safety of socnl lite. W hore foiv, as ip.divi iual meii.bcrs of the S'.a'e are not pernii'ted to pursue li.cir eniolnniejiT. to the prejudice of coinmuni-y, so it is equally a consequence of this rule, that no particular colonv, town, or dUtriet can justly con".i t measures for the'r scq.ar.ito interest, which shall appear at the same. tim" to diminish th.i sum ot prospci'oy. I do not mean, that it is necessary to the ja-tici of a measure, that it protit each nn I every part of eomiimnity; but what 1 -i hrw is that those counsels can net-.;-! be reci oiled with the obligation resulting from civil union; which caue the wlnda luip piness of socie'v to be impaired for a r,::v ri ieui v of a part." iVJey-'s Moral a id 1'oli.i c il Philosophy, B. tl, ch. 3. Tee stim wit ter, in B. 4, ch. says, "The mischiefs of drunkenness, from which we are to eompu'e the guilt of it, consists in the to'.':. -wing b-. 1 etl'-. .:ts: 1st. it bet i ays most constiititior.s eith er to extravagances of ang?r, or -sins of lew 1 ness; d. it disqualities men for the duties f their sta'iuti, both bv the temporary disorder of their f.icuh'ies, aula'. length acotistatii in Chp.i' ity and stupefaction; 3d. it is attended with expenses, which can often be ill spared; I h. i is sure to occasion uneasiness to the family of the drunkard; 5t!i. it sliorter.s life." lVde will scarcely !; set down as a "fnuaf- ic." Ti;e words of his 'i:i "the Words rf truth and soberness." And lie adds to them the following observat. :i: "To these conse quences of drunkenness mn-i b-j aided the peculiar danger and mischief cf the cxanitdi . Drunketiaesj. is a social, estive ice; apt, be- yn. any vice that c.i i hi mntioned, to draw i:i others by the ex r.npk-s." If, th :i, druiiii- nness leads to anger and lewdness; if it dis quV.:u's men for ti'.e dutvs of their station; it it disturbs the banpiness of families; if it shortens life; if it before society a d uan- gerousand ;;ii.;cldevous example; an 1 if it is a social vice: if all these pernicious e fleets are i's results, can a law, the sole object of whi -;i is to suppress these eviis, be otherwise t-iaa Tried then bv the tests cf Burlama ; the suppression of in'vtiperance is a projK'r ob ject of legisla '!!. It has been s:ii ! by the rpponents of this law that it is not a proper subject of legi-H-iive action, because it is a nvitier of morality a moral subje-". B it this is oic1 of the ' strongest reasons f.r such a law. We envy ru-i liter tiie heads nor hearts of those p r ;:s. who detiv to the LegUIV.r.re aull.oti v over the public m -r;i Ttse preservation of a sound public mor-t'ey is or:e of the chief ob jects o t .ver'itn-ni. lie ace our law s ag ti'i: gtirr.bliicg, !.! tie, bigamy, lewd ness. pro ranhy. and many i'h,er vices, the stde obj-ct ol w als. etc i laws V..;: l. i: t1- e promotion or oo i m r- is cf.atiter on "ih e otvect ot a good iiovernnu-nt." after arjuing that tee encouragement of literature, arts, arid scien ces is a legislative da y, sir;, tha. "To in struct the nation is not sufficient: in order to conduvt it to happiness, it is siill more neces sary to inspire the people with thf 1 ve of vir tue and abhorrence of vice. Those who are deeply veri cotiv inced ihv n the sttHv of m ri!iTr are vir'.ue is the true and the otiiy ' path that leads to happiness; o th a i"s nrix ' ims are but the art of 3ii ig happily; and he must be iynoratti cf politics who does not perceive how much ra-ire capable a virtuous nation w ill be than ;,r.y o'her. cf forming a state that wiil be at or.ee happy, tranquil. fl -ur isbintj. solid. repecel by its neighbors, and formidable to its enemies. " attr.'s Liw oi Nations, 51. But it has been said by the opposers of this statute, that the Legislature may not pass stimptuaiT 1-iws; aid that, therefore, the act is void. This arg'tnii nt assumes two imags which il would be difficult to prove. It as sumes the ground that a'l sumptuary laws are vuid: and that our statute for tr.e suppression of intemperance is a sumptuary law. That in this eourttry nite sumptuary laws are impliedly prohibited to the Legislature, ought perhaps to he conceded: though it woul d I be difficult, w e believe, to show any solemn t decision sustaining the doe'rirte. We have, 1 indeed, the dicta of Coke, Hot-art. and Blaek stone, in England, and of Marshall, Story, iand Chase, in the Unred States, that an act clearly in violation of natural justice is void. But it is not every law of a sumptuary kind that violates natural justice. So me such laws rs:.y. and others may not, violate it. And surely r.o:M but the former would be void. Besides, it is a serious point to determine whether ti.e Legis.Hture is not the oie judge ns to such violation. The settled doctrine in England undoubtedly is, Sisal ti.e legislative detern.-ir.:'i. n of the q ties ion is fhial. And this seems the I e'.ter op:nu,-a in tha United States. On this ground alone can our fugitive slave lav.- be sustained; for all candid, well informed men admit that (slavery is contrary to nv.un-.l law. Vet no J i ge deer it hi is province to decide tlie law void on that ac-ec-'-.rr. Analogous to th,. is Carpenter v. -.I j; tg..mery. Black.". 4io. on the question whether under the old Cocsittudon the Legis lature is the so judge of he existence of an emergency making it proper to !eclar a law iu foice from atidatVr it- passiig; In which if is held that "of the c.x'-'ence of the emer gency the Legisla' ure in'.i-? be the judges." The learned Mr. Chi isiin-j says, "I should conceive that in n ro.te 'rk'tiecer can a Judge oppose his own opinion an i authority to tiie clear wii! and declaration : the Legishtture. liis pro itice is to interpret and obey the n.a i ;;it.; ; of the supreme power." Nete 3 to 1 lilai-ks. Com. 41. To l!e same etl'e.ci is the i .-mark Iredell. J., in CaJ-Jvr vs. Bui!, 3 Da!!. lie says, "It is true that some specu lative jurists have held that a legislative act against natural justice mast, in itself, be void; hut I cannot think that, under such a govern ment, ai.y Court of Justice would have pow er to declare it so." It is, then, not verv clear tha a stt'vn'uarv bin , even in viol-i i..o of natural ju-ttce, may lo declared vedd by the Courts; and il is very ch ar that no Cour: could no pronounce of a sumptuary liW which happens not. to be clear ly iu violation of lite law of na ure. But we deny that our a t f -r t'-e s'tppro?. si'eu of irrempe ranee is a snmn'.Uory I nv. Tiie npplicatioii of that 'i.-t.se t i:( s ;i misno mer. 'urnp'Uii: v 1 ' v s (from amptu, expense.) "are i!.o-e ,li i.g to eyp,-nse, and male to restrain ex es in appart i." ilotivier's Law Dictionary. That tids is i' e meaning of them, every oti". at a!i fainili t- wi.h lb tvjan and English history, well knows. They ; eg m w. ti-e I'.Vs 1 tie Twelve T ibics. and h.i 1 refer-net- to youthful prodigality and U'lTieecessary expenditure at funerals. They put the prodigal under a guard wn. and ban ished "all costii-ieis from funerals.' Cooper".- J i -i-hn. 593 rj;1- . o c.,m. S'U, II. a. iiie :.?, f.flri i l".r s a rice!es of law -11 ktf-w t to j iri.iici.il i.i ; an i inchi l-s only tie -e inv.i, t: leglll.i.ioii of prl 1 ooj-fC. Ol i-Xlieisj.. W t ie 11 A l.t'.v mav iucideji'a'ty do tlo-. as i ! -ed many of ottr laws do, ) without be, rig propel ly a suoptuarv law. 'i n-. act i i tpies ;c-i i- no such law. It may iftcid-ntall v adect a uan's expen-es; so niHV a law against gsini-i-f. But thai is not .ie oiiiect if !e tu : ; fiftro C-'-n-l lenng. i the suppreiv-rioa of in Manifestly :;s t:bj,.-t To call it a sum-Mary law is therefore absurd. Aside from coi";i:i !'ne.! q'iti.ns, ihe j owr-r of the L' 0'satu:c to pass sn-'li a Jaw' th. t un-th-r cou.-idcra'Jon, has been fre quency judic; ,!!y settled. Indeed, tl.i ; Court has i-i'inri'ed t! a; ii is scire; y 'u:nv loT'er open disc; ; - v. The S'u'e, i lnl II. . 311. In the Supremo Court of tl c I'ni-ed States, the q'aesfi.-n i settled, so far as the Coii-t can settle it. Ir, ti e "License Caes." .', H.iWi.r.1. . '4 to 033. it is mo- e'.'--T;i iy discus-cd. it: t'. osc e i -es, T i:i v, Ch. J . declared that the law of New Hampshire, which forbade the sale of auy qua'lty of intoxica'irg liuuors w i:h ci! a licens?. "is a did tti ti.e mav be lawfully regnln soon as it is bin J ;! imr;.sc.! nr m it. or u I 1 bv the S'ate, as t tri i "V. a -i d a tax .i-e :e piire 1. -r the sale tdt-jjrtker j r- I'd. ' 5 Howard SPG. l. - in, J ., Siivs: " i r.e In th same c i -e . i dged police know w -: s ite extends ty. A nuis - pr.ju-JiciiU mav be ro il, on p. 599, often to t ane-e rti -iv 1. to tl t, a!t!i T i.-i ird ; a cr. movcu. hes:iv: ' 5 Howard 559. A;; it a S a'e m iv r q urf a been "e to sen, it mav. in tec exe-v:- o; a proper d;s- eretion, limit tl'.e numb.-r ot such i. censes, as the p'il' !e g :o 1 :niy re.uire." In the ::ama cases. Wooabury, J., say: '. is conceded 'hat the Satc mac e.vdade. pestilence either I j ItM-y or ;iti,.d, shut and, no !. ob-'e e's, an l con v '. "'s. eig'i within their j power to reg'da'e : lu. ti: p. i rue or cholera, ne r tinting, lottery tick-ll-iw ci:i they be sover sp,.c;vc spheres, wi l.out d their itieinal cm merce. as well as police, , direct how, wl u-n. an. where it shall h con in.-'c I in articles inti mately connected ei:?: r icdi pulll. -n orolt. or the public prosperi'T. ? Tic .'i-- of irrer iic- i ' roU-i is, il ,i- ' ot-t l;i no.' i f.'iror?a, vertn; nts. ar.d. t! on gtt in me cases re t vry t'fs most ...r.-) ;n M-ioua or liberal, is i.i oth ! lab! : an d the exc!u-i :i of ii i-ai itis'ance w!! k-iow:i (,t,;;ju fro;ri f s ' 'I in A -ia. and ki.i ire ! due ion and storage its pohcy. The intro- q'lanti ; is nnt) ol tstoc iirtic.es io:ig reguia t-d and forHiiien here. Lattery tickets and" i i 1-i'e-r. prints are aNo a c inira ci su'J -ct of ptohibition even where. And why not carls, dice, and other in'tmments f,..r g n-.ing. when thought Rece:try to suppress ti a: vice? Ia short, on what principle but this rests the jus tification of the States u pioh.bit gaining it self, wagers, champerty, I res'reliitig?" 5 H iward 023. AnaJulge w ibury men- lions a.l ttiee ins n es io iias ra e Its argu- i, nient, t. a: a tt.a e i.ay cx.ji x te s intueiu l.q- il rs oti acce n; oi u.eir n.jury i. t;.e puli..o nior.! -. We are s;!ai to fin d .hatth. pren-e Qtert of Indiana has fully alop'e.i this wholesome atid res-'-i.kblj d oc.riRt. of ottr I cieral Judges 1 in the. "Liquor Cases " The 17th sectio i of our uiquor :. -oi -i t i.e.. a.i u.acv's or houses wherin s : -ftrvu 5 liquors -';:di by sold or bartered, direc'r or indirectly, with out I'tcerse, in h s qtuntlty than one gallon, or sutTered or allowed to be drunk ia or r.bout sit'-h rliee, houe, out-Louse, yard or uprjur teranv e. to be common and public nnissnces," an i rendered ;i e keeping and maiiitaitiirtg of the same penal. Acts 1S53, p. 83. On a p ros.-cukn undr this section, otir Stiprcme C eart, (Stuart, J., delivering the opinion,) in reference to a constituJt'ial t-bjectioa raised ( by cour.sc-i.sai J. "The lSdi section is not lla - Lie to any chj c in of that kind. 1; is coni ' petent for i!te iegisiature to declare any prac tice dtemel irj'trious to the public a nuisance aal to pn-.ish i; accordingly. This is folly 5 recognized in the elaborate iiquor cases deci ; ded 5th Howani IT. S. R. 504 infra." Reply t. The S-a'e, 4 InJ. R. CC5. The same doctrine is held, in Sharpless r. I Frtm the iVoai .Ixe. The Mayor of Philadelphia, bv the Supreme Religious Worship and My Course ia Kela Ccurt of Pennsylvania. Sec the case in Liv- ; tion to it ingsion's Law Mseazine for Feb. 1854. p.; I hold it to be the duty of every person to in which Ch. J. Black, shows, in a vety attend public worship, occasionally at least; learned review of authorities, and in an able , hence I always make it a point to go when 1 argument, that aside from constitutional ro-1 feel like it, and the weather is not too cold, strictions, the Legislature alone is to judge of or too hot. or too c'amp, or w hen there is a ti.e proper subjects of legislation. And he minister to suit my taste exactly, or I don't cites the following aud otities iu support of want to go a visiting some of my friends, or .his view: Sv.terlce v. Mattb-ewson. 2 Pet. K. 30; Fletcher v. Pick. G Craneh 7, Golden v. Mice, 3 Washington C. C. K.: Ben net v. IJoggs, 1 Baldwin 74: Commonwealth v. McCiosk- y, 3 Kawie 374: and tnauy other raes. In Jone v. The People, 14 Illinois R. 190. the same doctrine is recognized. It was a case under the license laws of that S.ate. And the Court refused "to go in'o an Liho- rar.l argument to prove that the Legislature possesses the authoii'v to re.'u'.Vo its own in- ternal rtliiHC a ccor.r.ngto its own judgment; and declared that "a government tout did n0t possess the power lopro'eet i:e!f against such and similar evils, would be scarcely worth pre-i rving." But why nniltii Iv authorities from abroad ot so plain a -!-,?n ft e..T',..; " I,,r Tie'!r f.-rrv r.a-s q'ie-n our Legislature has in fact regulated the raf- he in intoxicating liqtiirs; and no Court ha during that time, 'o do so. Nay aued iu qtiesMou i s power our courts have always shown ii em-elves anxious to second the leg- ' i-ladve ffort to restrain so great an e il as the unbridled traffic in these" liquors. It is too !ae now to doutit the existence o! ti e pow er. Bat the power to regu'a'.c recfsaiily i'i clades the power to prohibit. The sta'ntc in question is no indeed and absolute prohibi tion; for aeder it, intoxication Honors may lawfully be both maile a' L.di ana. It re, strictly a s a u.e re-jututtnj the and manufacture of these iiuu n. Still, if it absolutely prohibi'ca both, it would nevertheless be a v.-.iidliw; for. we repeat, the l ower to regulate includes the power to pro- l ibit. The Federal Constim in tra powered C ongress "to regu.aic b trg law- r.f the U.i ciimcice. I tie em- 1 S a, o:)"i;t ed to p,-' !utu commerce etui o.g trior existence. na. tr.ougu ueeim 4 uv .-ouie per . us t.i tej voiy ut, i.ist, y. 'J 11 ey were lie. I co-..s.i' utioti il, lit on 'i t!ie principle the - 3" . r to icgu.a c com 1 the pwe.- lo lie-Ci.:i-T otioii. Sees. merce neci-.-'.r y i:. h sat i y mem c ory o i t.'.e ... lg.?2; Uid t XI- V. iJ.ig l.U! ill. til. g i '. 193. Hall's L-iw .lour- a! '2o5. 1 1 s C Gibbons v Ogden, 9 Wiucitoii i a fair inference tl. LM to U i. no ;!, ', if I y .r-mc.-ce, C tu" of the P'-wer to rcg'i! ito coi cre-smav bv esateirj; l r.vs destroy i', our L tue of i.s nc how ledge J a id !.o:i i u'.crco... so gishitiiio mav. by ir-pow.-r io regulate ti.- Ii.rtor tiat.ic, iir.iio;t tna it irarie ai.oge.tiei . We trust that we have s-u that a law for the suppics-i, aricc. !.o a .-. r ' .hi i t r- lenti v of in shown :m:es - a alt ! tiiii- versa! iu its prohibitions, is iu no proper sertso a 1 iw ia vi-eiatior. .f i.a'uial light; :r,d that if ii i von w ere so, it would bo very .iU-.-s:io::- !e whether a Court could ile 'laie it voil on ii count. Smi'-it in his Cotiiii.-r.ta'ies, ! SJ3G to Cf!9, lias itive&tigr. t d with great labor and learning, this question of the powr of Courts to declare a statute void, and us being against the ittf d nttiie; and say: "the ques'.i-e.i nr.tst bo regarded as an u'i-"t'le ! one." And he sav. "Wre-i t! l"gil r .r--have deliberately p issod r.-. a, - m l -!r'e I it w : 1. tit! the '"- it in t.t .Mid aad.orr r : a la a-, there might he great ie'".ey iu ary Colli", h-stiming t.i tinay its own tea son of ;i ,, p.j,. l.rive bo!v, acting as the legally constituted h legates of the supreme power of lit'3 Sta'e, iu the exercise of their eotistitutioi ai fanc lions, and w h e.e peculiar rirov iuce it is to pas.-, uti n the rcso: abene-s time i -ir:.ab!. te.-s. as well as iM-ce-:l y. of all laws. If this p .y and rig'nt determination must r.f necessity be vested in soune department of the deejs sioii m ust be lina! an i conclusive, where the validity of aa act d trends tnete'v upon a i - uestion ot rea-on. it pvny wen bo ri outre t wiiether rs. ut ol d-tetmiuHtion can he lodged with trrea'er seeui i v to tiie citizen, in any1 other than the hands of their representatives, ' I who :.re i.nmndi.a'ely twu utttab'a to their constituents for :ill legi-lauve ac's, who are constantly sub;e.:t to a severe rebuke, and 11a- hie to a s: V If :il from the 1 1. to t i- 'rci -e tins most sncre-i trust, should they be j voluntary Dami'S, ana .in at a person snoui i ; so regardless of mral principle or of the'eou-, l'.av the right, in a free country, to leave just I seq-:ene. ? whth mu-t result to themselves, j when he ph ases. I go for tin largest liberty I siioti! 1 thev dare to their trust by tramp- , ' these matters, not withstand ing the old fo- i :ing un-lei'f .t the -acred rights of maa." . gy no'ions of some, that a man should rcsi.-t ! Smith's Com. 287, -C h " 1 his own inclinations merely to accommodate We do thi, branch of our argtic:ent by j ! 'rs. 'observing tl at ti .oe who hold the prohibition I I have thus given you an honest aeeonnt of ! of the inMaVlire ot spirituous 11 juors to U-1 tl-e part I tak in public worship. If ev--ry ' in violation i natural h-.y, diri'er idely from ! congregation had a suitable number of wor tl at great i.ian Dr. Pi h-y, who declares that ; shipper tikt ni.elf, I do think we could ef i "the "red at I 'of the nuantiv in order to jd-1 feci a great reform iu i! e an'i juated mtions of s-- . . -,"-a as e ' ter the quality, and to alter n generally for the! wor.se. as ti.e tli -i.! iricn of spirits from brea 1 corn, isiet,! vi e item ,: tee Uw of t : lure. 1 aiey s floras atu d iJ oii.ica 1 Piiilo-o-ih v. . B eok 2, ci.ap 1 1. j ii !.. COXTISt'ES. I Strang-; DftVr.LOPMEMT. A correspondent conscious of the rec'ituie of my course, I fail id the Ci id.iiia i Gazette wiites from Pitts- ; ed to appropila'e tletiii. I am not without burg tliat, when tie cae of Pass more Wil-! hope, however, that posterity will properly li mi-oi w as argued, hist s.i.nmer, at Bedford. apprecia e our well meant endeavors, on a mo. ion to bting Wfonmson out on a wiilj SETII. of ZijleJt orj-u, thi c of ' Jlld g-- ( "jessrs. , i.iwne, vvoo iward ana K e-x) were ri lavor of giatidng the writ, Ptid : wo, Messrs. B'tck ; ati i Lewis i op posed to it. Whep fr One ' re-a-setubled in Philadelphia, J adge Kane an j ' I ts Irietids 1 ai an interview tritb oar jtidge, ; ar.d commacicautd to tliem the tact that the I Presidc.it i-.ai ordered the United S'ates Marshal, iu ease -lie Court should direct the ... I,-, .- wilt t) i-st:;-, t remove ti u.:ara.soa ;r-m Moyme usi:; , . a r .i'ed S'a'es receivicr s'p an i defcad l.iai there, with Ui.iteJ c;a3 maHr.e; ai l sr-Igu-w, ageing a .v f ,w not. Ttie-y.had no the v.".r. to s; ar.d up for, State Rlghti. JBdg.,s Lowri-and Woodward changed their opi:.II(Ti. and the writ of habeas 1 " corpus wa not issued. The threat for h was a threaihoa!d have be an incentive course adopted; for tnj OjUestJorj t Rights has g.-t to be settled, and tbi ton ot i:at. is was the i i i opp3rtU3;ty i;e needed. I f jr-Occ-ira'Tcn! what a g?orioi3 tMar? it U for, j the hiiman heart. Those who work hard seldom yWd themselves enttreiy up to fancied or rel I sorrow. i the Sae might send u tiki i.o,. Tat that time b. the present. I have fre- !..n presentx-j to our Jud-es was. whether it peni!y removed it-dl-s eight the grea'est . was prudent to rl-k the tbre e?.ei clir aR,Lr ,a u7- TLe wh'" oaber re ' I am sorry to sav that iher thor -hi !t W2S ' morek amoutit to sixty-two neeorfs and a reaJ the latest news. lam rffy particular alcttt wiy minister. 1 don't think a man ought to attempt to preach unless he has a finished education, is an e!o- quvnt speaker, and witiial a man perfectly faultless in all Ids deportment. I am generally late, because I interpret lit erally that ptassage of scripture relaiing to the Sabbath as a day of rest, and dou't get up iu the morninj until 8 or 9 o'clock, and then spend two or thre r.ours more in washing, shaving, breakfast. Ac ; besides, if 1 should go eaily. out lew persons would see me come iu, or know that I was there. I alanyt t'ikc iny dou atth me. HJ seems to uti Jerstand it well when 1 get on my go t. meeting cloth s, and capers around me in such good humor that I can't really deny him Moreover. n:v neighbors follow niv example. s my dog finds there plenty of company. which he greatly enjoy. And then he trots up and down the aisle, under the seats, and up the pu'pit steps, attracting general notice, and some. hues receives a g title hint from the boot of the sexton, as much a to say, "your room is better than your company;" which insult my dog resents in the common language ot his race a yelp. This tickles the. youthful pardon of the congregation hugely. I have no doubt that smh scenes as this increases the attendance of that clisj of persons at church. I altroyi xtop tt tin dvor of t'.e Church f" I-jIa- wilt friends. Tais is well calcu'a'ed to cultivate a social feeling, and besides affords an c.vcelletit oppoitunity to hear the current news of ihe diy, to talk about the enjis. and price of pu !uc-., an 1 to get a fuil view of the lats cl the females astney approa-!i th or. - omuyx uiass me uirarj e K.nurtn irun a i'roni hand. l'ltis has the effect to an- nomico to all the cungre ga'ion the important lac l ol my arnvah I then walw to my sea' wi.h a bold and linn st p. I do not slip along i:i the t.oi-eless. slv way of some pel sons, as logues do w hen they are breaking mtoa house o commit robbery. J urn a el';'' ti.erccr rf oil fKo cr.e in. Tiie door is scarcely opened before my head ii turned, and no person can reach their seat iu our meeting house, i.hout being scan ,ed from head to loot by my sci u.iniziug eye. I am a great admiier of fashionable diess, and ' should any one war a'l article a lit'le old, fa dod, or out of !ate, I never fail to speak of it freely to all my friend-.. This lias the effect to correct such slovenly habits. I ffemrnly Like a Pup during the terriers. If the weather is warm or th? church crowd ed, I always feel drowsv, and generally cber natuio's impulses in this matter, being very sermmlor.s about violating nature's laws. I ' eon f-c however, I am not wi'hout rnv trials ' on this subject. n I l.:;v been the innocent ' '-ause .,f considerable merriment on several oecnsi ins by my loud snoring, andor.ee 1 fell wit fi a'armtng vio!,.ee fiom mv Feat, which hint me on-what, and sorely frightened me. T.i mak the matter worse, my dog was sud denly iiroii-f-,1 from a quiet reverie, and corn- - r.vieed a shrill b irking which attracted the atte-!' io.i .,," ihe wlioh- audience, as well as the mitiister. I acknowledge that I felt a little ashamed over ir. ant! have since been more 5 careful when indulging this propensity. I I chrnyi in lulje the disposition to crvyh. 1 his Is a:i it'-.er of nature's dictates, w hieh I consi der i ejut ions to health to violate. M my times I am reminded by the. coughing of oth ers, that i too have a cold, and should join in the chorus, to enlist the sympathy of tho cou- greg.vion in my behalf. I have often been gra'iii" 1 I v the notice of the mitiister, who would occasional! v east a piercing gliner. a !'te, I know he mti-t have viewed my case ' w' Slncere cor 'i I frequenJhj y vvt before tie close rf ter- I think it unreasonable to expect a per son to sit any longer than ne can i-ci at ease, or when he can take no interest in the preach iiig, or when he bears the bell sounding for dinner. I think that tro'mg to meting ic a propriety wMcrt nave ben natice-l flown trom 1 our anees.or And yet so montrons is the perversi'y ol lt:e people wnere 1 live, that 1 nineteen out of twenty thin fny court is a di-'grace rather than a be s-mgio the chnrcn. Fven our minister las dropped sundry lints whi di I believe were aimed directly a? me, but al Cas. Dr. E. Pt Fea-intr. in a commtiiitcntion to toe Nantucket Inbuirer, gives a i a -count of a remarkable surgical op eration w.ilch he y-erfirmtd. lie says: in the cr.rly fart of July last, I was called to visit Jano James, aged 41 years. I found Ler very ill, wih peculiar symptoDJ, involv ing an obscurity as to the nature of the dis- ea-e. Jtoon af.cr ish.e came under my care. I " I"-n was Ciscovtsed near toe pit t th! 'e', hig iP at-a ed fiat wise Jo1Fa add removed a p-rfeet reedK of I t":i' ""rj ---' tw "s " " "V " ""' ,ta!i:,n -'' d ?rV 3 Z?' reT te tnr'T tr VB f?"J ,a 'd conattic m the regton of the abdomen aaJfeft side. As the tm . 1 1 . . a l . i , , j .l, v.' . e . v ,ii im.ii, nn.jt -sii !. uok i ,ie iintcai recollection of ever having swallowed a nee- aie, or any thing ct the kma, llowerer lm- nAfZlKIa tt mftV taam tfalA MatHit t.-nlt f ": V - '""-' 7, ' , ' , r- - btjt ti,at she swa.lowed the needles, probably pap?1? about twelve yenrs go, when ia a state of insanitT. Kur tha I'aUadinm. Proceedings of the Wayne County Aatrical tura! Society, JMJat CenttrxdU, Xov. 17, 1855. 1 P. riollowav, President, took the Chair, and called the meeting to order. W. T. IVmiis, the Secretary, being absent, oa niotion of A. P. Scotf, J. F. Kibbey w as appoint ed Secretary-, pro tern. J. P. Doughty moved that a committee be p poiftcd to nominate officers for the ensuinjf year. lr. Weaver moved to lay the motion on the table, whi h was lost. The motion of Mr. Doughty was then pnt and carried. The President appointed on that committee, David Centnioits. Wm. fpiiinine. Jesse T. Wil t hams. Dr. S. S. lo d. Dr. Weaver and B. L. j n arris. On niotion of Dr. S. S. Boyd, the same commit tee were authorized to nominate a candidate for Alternate delegate to the Stale Hoard of Agri- ; culture. ! The Treasurer submitted the followirtr report: To the President and Members of the Agrieut tural Society of Wayne county: Y on r Treasurer , respectfully submits the following report, vix: RECCIJ-T3. 1 Eccdved of County Treasurer, - $?0 00 for badges and tickets sold, lu71 Oft j cf Fx. Com. for licenses, 4c., 69 00 i ' P. Parrinirion, refunded on cup, 3 00 " of 1 Wolfer, rope sold, 1 6fl of C. B. Jackson, en lumber, 253 00 " " -his note, do, S95 00 1874 60 exrtxPiTraxs. By am "t paid A. Pilkington oa lumber, $434 SO 25 00 00 Lovd & 1 aylor, niHking fence, t II. Medley, dicing well, 20 F. Tavlor, hnuauit water. 5 Policemen, 69 00 Ualdw-lu A Co., Silverware, 339 93 D. P. 1 1 olluway, printing, 52 00 Assistant officers, 34 00 Uays.v Banra, nails, etc., 13 39 KJuier & Jones, rop. te, 8 69 IS. Bright eil, ribbon, ic 16 ! 1 Lishley, haiiiine;, 6 00 Coliina Stevens, 10 CO Xorris Jones, cleurinft pronnd, 33 0( Jut. Max well, poles lubor, ike, 19 2J J. Stonestreet, Iuhor, Aic , 3 7i Sundry pet sons, premiams, 127 00 Profit and loss, counterfeit bills 1 00 Csh on hand, 143 00 C. II. Jack-ton s note, 395 00 J?l74 60 The present condition ot the Society, from the ,r-ceiii jtai's operations', insy be eumrued up is fw.loWe: i I.tAMf.lTir.S. Italur.ce of premiums awarded onpatd, $3S5 00 ' towing on lur.-.ber, 22.fi 50 brick, 12 bO 44 police. 1 00 S624 2ft Cash in Trensnry, C It. Jacksona not", Sundry small bill, $14' 00 .5!'3 Oi) 13 32 e."j.3 32 10 9-4 S624 10 Deficiency, Tci which is also to be,adJed tho cost cf books . and Inibana Farmer, awarded as premiami, which will frrvWuiy unount to $30. - :i of which is re.-jeetfiilly submitted. A. F. S- orr, Treosarer. Which, on motion, was received and ordered ti he published in the proceedings. On moiion of Dr. S. S. Boyd, the Execntive Committee were authorized to borrow funds to ;ror eff the indebtedness shown by tLe Treasurer', rejort. li.'i motion of J. P. Doughty, A. F. Scott was presented with a silver enp for tbc prompt, active nud correct manner in which he pierfermed the du ties cf Tressurer of the Society for the year jnst passed. Ti e President informed the meeting that twenty fl.e copies of each of three aiin'ia.! reports ot tha State Agiicultural Society had been sent to this Society, ar.d iiesird to know what disp.osiuon lo make of them. On tnetion of Dr. Weaver, one copy of each annual report was directed to bi eiven to each of ficer and director ot the Society for the year jutt elosteg. who had attended the rega'nr meetings of i lie j-oeiety, and the overplus to be ditjtribnted to j the officers m.d directors cf toe yr,r prccediDg, io . like manner, i j The committee to nominate ofneei,, by its chair ; mau, 1). Cornmoris, reported aa fodo-s: j 1 hi committee appointed to nonainaV? ofScers , for thii Society for the en'iirr jcar, ri por; ti tl.ev nominate tor President 1. P. Hollo way. "ne President Col. Soh Meredith Secret ary M.I. Leftr'on. I Trasurer A. F. Scott sr.Ai-.D r ntr.BCTOTie. ! A'l'Btrtnn towutdiip James Ewdnlcy; ' Boston Ddiciel Clark; I Centre " Djvid Coaimoas; 'lay Berrj. L Harrie; , Dahon " Jo. Williwnris, Jr.; j F.-ackiia ' Jtenjaniio Llliott; (Irt'-D Tnom&a Cook; 1 1 arriv-n - Dr. 8. S. Boy d ; Jwckjo-j " Sol Meredith; Jt fil rsou " Dr. Weaver; New Card -a " W. C. JeTrie-; Perry - J9 W. McPhersoa; Was'hiagtoa " Ji-sae T. Williarua; Wayr.e " . Wra. SpicQU-g. For Altercate Delegate to the State Board Dr. s s,. iJ.ejd: wbicii e a mott on was received ; end adopted. C.II Ft-rehena! moved thaf the appoiatment -f an Executive Committee for the erisaing year ; be referred to the Board of Direct rs, w hich was concurred in. Jess; T. Williams c tiered the folto winj motion; That the Secretary of the past year be req fleet ed to p'iW;h a fill and comp.ete report of the an nual receipts and expenditure of tho Society, since its orrais'zitton to the present time, showing the items both of the receipts and expenditure, wiiich concurred iu. On m-vtiosi of Thooias G. Noble, the Secre'wy of tli,srr-eing wm required to eend a copy of Ui I above lootioa to the Secretary of the pwst year. ; lr. Wrver offrred tle foUow-injr motion: i Tliat the thanks of the Society be tendered Ih P. Ilolloway for the able and impartial discharge ' f Lis diitiea as President of tiie Society, and that I he be preenled wiib a silver (coblel in tokra of the appreciation of his services, which waa uaaci ! tnottsly carried. On motion of Pr. Weaver," the papers of Van county were reqoested to rniblu.li these proceed j insw. j Oa motion cf Da-rid Conjmors, tbe next meet i ine f the Board of Directors was fixed for the 1 1st Saturday ia February, 1656. , t Oa motion, tie Society adioareed. - " D. P. H t l.LO W A Y, President J. F. Kibhet, fserrct'!--'.