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"Be Just and fear not: Let all the ends thou airas't at be thy Country's thy od's aud Truth's. D. P. HOLLOWAT a CO., Publisher. yRMS S2.00.IN ADVANCE. RIC HMOND, WAYNE COUiNTY, IND., 'IHURS DAY, JANUARY 3, 18-50. NO. 3. ; VOL. RIG H M O N PALI norm al PL'BLIsHEU bY a , V nilLLOWiV, B. W. DAVIS k I. S. DM EE Trrma ml lrrlilB z, .t" -j, w..ti... t- -of S 10U-.0' -.- W " ?. fix innutiis, a-'" . tir.n.ium.i.eh. qr,, Set.'' iaf (M l;i.iAt Half do. One rto. oo." : CVil, of 11 or lex. p" an'im. am .' !,! , , ..... . ,ri,.,:imn 'r;;i iV. I hev had never taken a po.-l- ?'I.rtUM. oth,r case,, n,t .ifur.charb! in conformity with the above rate-. : Ota JOIl DEPARTMENT, i. no with the latest tyl- ,f ii.ani we: Vk,.ucl a. lt.,,k-, fmi.Mrt-. t..reowr. m . v. .. . WC.IIC II'I" Li a- I""-" ' ' n,.i,.rl thanktuilv receivea ana : ... - - iKtaoM ami ilimpatch. jtumilij attended to. Adarc-w. Hollow at A fo. i The Pereed Ilonaekeeper. BT MRS. r. t. OAOr. I wih I bad a iino pairJ Of han l this very iniuute; I'd mii put all thee thiu,-' to r:-bt.i The very deuce is in it. Here's a bi wa-binto b"? don?, Oae pair of han l to d it; Sheeu, niru and tucking-, c.au and panU, How Wiit I e'er (jet through it'. Dinner to gt for ix (.r more. No 1- itl left o'er from Sunday; And baby rro !i" p.in live t alwaja on Monday. And there's the crrain, "ti ittiD; lour, And mint forthwith be uuurniii. And hero 'a liuh w.niis a button on Which way shall 1 be turning"; ' 1 'Ti tiina the ui?at in the pot, , The bread was workud for bakinff. Toe clothea were taken from the boil On, dear! the b-iby'a waking. limb, b;ily. iloar! there, huah-ali-aht I wih he'd sleep a little. Till I could run and gt m wood jTo hurry up that kettle. Oh, dear! if 1 corn's home. And find tiling in tins pother, He'll jut biin to tell nuall About his lidy mother! . H w ni 'e her kitr-ben ud to be, II ir dionjr always ready Exvstly wen t!ie noon bo1! rung Ha h, husii! duar l.ttio Kreddy. An I than will eomi som? haty w rd, Kiht ou' b -f..rB I in thuikini They a.iy that h nty w..rd from wive -Sot b5r m 'a to drinking. Now, in't that a reat idert. That inju siuu!d tik) to sinning, Bj--iii a we try. h ilf-stck wife Cm't aiwayj stnilo ao tr'nninj. When was youn I u-el to earn My living with nit trouble, Hal.-lotlio- an I p :k it-m n-y. too, And hours of leisure dmblo. I nsrur dreamed of suh a tats, Wii-.ru 1 was eourted Wif , mother, nnre. ce.inntress, cook, hoasckeep er.ehambrinid. laun lro, dairy wotnn, aud acrubgeu ril doin the work l" six For th j aak of bein; aujported. Corrcsponden-e of tha t. Louis Intelligencer. Litrat from Kmnai--The Treaty of Pence. Lawrence. K T.. Dec. 10. 1854. The threa ened struggle seems lo be over, ml the differences which caused the arming and mustering of the large bodies of men on both aides, in and around Lawrence, appear to be either settled, or at least overlooked for the time liein . The matter had assumed the most serious npect. Heavy reinforcements liI been pouring into the camp on the Waka rusa, an 1 although many left indignant, eus pecling themselves to have been duped by tht reports of outrage, or who were t-ecretlv afraid c f the desperate struggle that was about to ensue, still there was a larg-s force in camp; some companies had arrived from as far down aUvard county. In the camp at the Wa karusa. they boasted of having fifteen hun dred men on SiHirday, nnd there were reallv ra'ions served for twelve hundred men. There must have been at loast a thousand there, and at Lecompton and other eumps at least four hundred more. There cannot have been much fewer than two thousand of th.- in. vaders on Kansas soil, although I do not think there was ever more than fourteen hundred at ""'V lhem , A"d next.''".v tl,e mt " Ji-handed. anv onetime. we"r home very last, swearing vengeance in Lawrence there were some four hundred ,n (-;,vrn,f Shannon. They had also been men well armed, and nearly as many mori'.duP!;1 b-T tllelr k:"ltrs' wlu to,:i ti,em th'" inJifTerentlv armed, or not arned at a;i the 1-ree .:a e people were to give up their These were" U. Id and resolute, and the men j anns ai,J M,rrcn r uncondmonaily. wonld have fought desperately in the attack. I 'rhe.re a,t? ma"-v '"errestmg events eonnec liaii: been made, an-1 that desperate resistance I ted wuh thisafia.r. that I will give in subse would oolv have mads the affair more bloody ,vient letters. Ihe Missouri.. carried with Some half a dozen earthworks were built 1 t,i,?m !hri'e ,,eaJ ,x,(,les; OM"of these hail been last week. Previous to that time there had I slut b-v ll'('lri,wn g'iar.1. who mistook him for been no fortifications about the place. The j 1 rt'e -,'-m;n; billed in a drunk- iaiminent peril suggested their construction. en row' a,ui one sh' 'n?if accidenully; an! the besieged worked n-ht and Jay iii j severil1 others were wounded in the same way the trenches; and as there Ts not tho same j b-v themselves. Ail the hood spilt his been motive to destroy a id undo as to build, the 1 b-v lh ln v':u1hi"s- Tw, Frei wrd lilelihootl is that these memorials of these j k,,'w'' haVL' b-'n shor. bth were de wtrlike time will remain some time. Noth Htbvrate and cold-blooded murders; and the in but the prudence and sagacity of Dr. or ! Iilcts tonil, c;ed with the shooting ot Barber, now Gen. Robinson; and the'iiitemVent char- i 1lst week. by a party who met him on t'ne acter of the rieonle here nreven d a M..o,l.. ' r; and 'hose who know ihe character . . ' ' . . ' " ' . ot a mil convulsion, and the peculiar character ! a ch ,rao er as to hvs H1,io'i materia. !y in of the quarrel on which all litis was reallv ! diga"ting and driving many of the better predicated, will fee! grateful to the sagacity oWc,as frt"n the 'avd"tj , :l,l1P- "ideed. the Gen. Robinson and the intelligence of the i bU,J of berwas unquesiionably one of peopieof Lawrence, f.r averting a civil war lhe P'1 of that price which the Free State ttiat might have involved ihe people f ,ie men have paid for their v.c'.ory. Aaous. "-"nioti in terrible struggle. The first bloody j ' " ' battle would have been but a signal, and the : Tus Aug. of Discovkrt The New York hiends of either party would have hurried to Tribune thus sums up the discoveries of the Kansas, to make it a bloody d b-a'abk- ground; i last q-.i irterof a century: an 1 woe. woe. woe. w..uJd havt followed ev- i Wi.hin the last twenty -five rears all the ery step u tha' umMtural warfare. General R ihinson w is first nrainl .s am srrect position, ati i then to guard il : fari-iully. Til-sentries were given strict or-: tiers not to return tire, unless in imminent peril ..f life and although thee brave fellows were firtsj oo at their posts, by parties of horse, ihat won! 1 gallop up near" them every ight. and discharge- their pieces at them, t-it-r reserve I tl-ir tire with a heroism and a d votion t. the orders of their leaders, that has rarely if ever been paralleled. Well did 'a - lealer of the Free State people of Kansas Lnow,ih:,t the battle must begin with some ucu aggtvssi.ws, and , whs. determined to Mountains of the M von. sought for through make his nvn endure these petty attacks, two thousand years, have been beheld by Cau- without re'-rdati.n, even if some of them cassim eye; an English steamer has ascended hould fall. Hud wait until ihe invaders, with- the Chad la to ihe frontiers of ih great Kim out provocvion. should march up to accom-; don of Bornou; Lieehart and Stuart have pen- plish iheir real object the expulsion of the etrated the wilderness of Australia: the Rus- ee S at ps-ople, by destroying their towns, sians have descended from Irknotsk to the and lynching their leaders. This position mouih of the A moor; the antiqua-ed walls of " a strong re a i 1 it was the pHtkn persis- Ciiinese preju liee have been cracked and are waee m u mat tias brought out t!i free S ate nun conquerors, and saved our country from fie scandal and disgrace of bWdv an'i civil discord. It first broight Governor Shannon tut liieet. lie fo m l that with m i i-i he ha I d i. tl' he cr 1 d v .at r- t i 1 till', asr tcrrilvrv i i aelvtl u i- r r ... .;. ; las.runjen'aii''- -;.-v--. large band of the most reckless border cr.ar- ;actrs together, with a very considerable num- berof respectable Missourians, led awav bv alarming arid false reports, on the s ilof Kan- i , . . , ..1 r 1 - sas, and mat ine seuiers o; Kansas were arm - In.r lln.m t nnrttr In: r aI the-,r own se- o . " lecllun t.o resist lie munu on cAniuiiiaou, . Q. . i ,ja r...., Klni1-r an; that I pro-itlon u7a, tilrv would resU even the law of j cwrrup. and fraudulent legislature, 4y vio tVr, but that they would have a legal remedy for them. He found that the rescue of Bron- Sheriff Jones, had been conducted :., U I I till tircUmstHnces whlch would justify those who nau uoue no in a tuuri oi ran, ami hijii. . . , , . , to a rf,urt of law tliey were willing to appeal. Lawrence, he also tound, was not in anv shape responsible for that rescue, right or wrong, (and it was againsl Lawrence chiefly that the 'expedition was aimed, and against that point that it would be made in spue of him. lie If I . : .. . !,.. 1 o 1 j ..f r.u.rU hll' I. . iuuiiu jai ma iu nuiiui ui .'tt j..'--.- , ... saw that tiiese arms were needed and jit tried. Under these circumstances he I. ad nothing really toanange witli them, and had only to gain lime by negotiation until the men below would become a little sick of their enterpi ise, and also to set forih facts that would, if pos sible justify his criminally indiscreet conduct in the eyes of the world. He was also desirous to disband the force of invaders, who were now under the orders of the otiieets of the. teriitorial rniliilia; but he frankly confessed to Gen. Iiobinson and o: hers, that he ftared that he had but little control over these men. over the men he had precipitated as invaders on the Isoil. After two days of laborious negotia'ioii mat ' ters were brought to a close la-t Sa: urday nigh t. The Governor in a paper signed by him and j Gen. Iiobinson and Col. Lane, declared that ! the whole had resulted from misunderstan 1- ing. That the people of Lawrence and viein ' iiy were, as they always had been, law and : order abiding p -op!e; that he, the Governor, pledged him ell thas. be would not employ these : forces below against the people of Kansas, as a)0ss or o herwise. He also declared that ; these Mtssou; ians were on Kansas soil without i his author! y. Gov. Shanon also piomiseJ his influence to recover indemnity to the ' people of Kansas for their losses. It was al so explicitly et forth that the people of Kan ' sas ha 1 a right to test the validity of the laws of tlife territorial Legislature in a proper way, and also explicitly declared that no opinion as ; to the vali Jity of these laws was given, or con ceded by the terms of agreement. Tiie Governor male an ol.lreech as to the character of these laws before he left Law rence, on Saturday night, and promised that he would do all he cild to get the men below disbanded. When lit? went back to the camp, on the Wakarusa. there was au awful disturb ance. A large number wanted to come up and "whip the Abolitionists anyhow." Col. B one, of Westport. who had been a party to the negotiation, though not in signature, urged compliance with the treaty. Even Senator Atcliinson, who lias been in the camps, and hovel ing around Lwaietice toi a week, made a speech in favor ot the Missomians going home. 'The position of Gen. Robinson." he said, "is impregnable; not iu a military point of view, buL his tactics have given him all the advan tage as to cause of rjnariel. I you attack Law rence now, you auack it is a mob, and what would be the result? I tell vou it would cause the election of an Abolition Presiden', and the ruin of the Demoi;raiie Party. Wait a lit tle now you cannot destroy these people without losing more titan you would gain." Such were the leading features of his "peace sp ech." Other things had a happy effect on the negotiations. Whisky had been exhausted in the camp below, and provisions were grow ing scarce. On Saturday night we had atre mendious storm of wind, with sleet and rain; ,l "'r ible to have tires, or be prairie, and e'oo.y murdered him when he was - , completely without nrm, are of so a'rocious 'principal features of the geography of our own vast interior legions have b.jen a -eurately de termined; the great fields of Central Asia have been traversed in various directions from Bok hara and the Oxus to the Chinese Wall; the half ktiown river systems of South Ameri ca have been explored and surveyed; the icy continent around the Southern Pole has been discovered; the "Northwestern Pa-sae." the igH'ts fiiiun nearly twev centuries is at last touad: the Dead Sea is stripped of its fabu lous terror; the course of the Niger is no longer a myth, and the sublime secret of the Nile is almost wrested from its keeninir. The fast tumbling down, and the canvass screens which surround Japan have been cut by 'l.e sharpedgof American enterprise. Such are the principal re-snlts of modern exphvm ioa. W.tV q ii-'c of a ; ' try. si't'-e the fo'm of the e.it.h si 1 .Hf fc. j;; ! ir.es of the ' and and vv t e. .v.-io ..lotfu, cau ei-iLi.t asich a Lat wf avh'tevements. Widow Bedolt's PapersA M istake in Conn ing and a I-'iare Up. There has recently been issued f.om the publishing house of J. C. Derby, a spicy vol ume entitled "The B d ott Papers.' which i contains a vast amount of laughable matetial. ! As a specimen we give a courting scene be- twern the widow and an old codger for whom I she had set her cap. Thus: Mb. Chase. Well, widJt-r I've been thinking about taking another companion and I thought I'd ask you ! Widow "O, Mr. Crane, egscuse my com ! motion its so onexpected. Jest hand me that are bottle o' camptire otf the nientlei V- shelf I'm ruther faint dew put a little mi e on my handkeicher and hold ii. to my nuz. There that'll dew I'm ob'eeged lew e now I'm rather more composed you may pe.rceed Mr. Crane. Ma. Crane. Well, widJer, I was agoing to ak vou whether whether Widow Continer. Mr. Crane, dew 1 km w us terrible fniwriiiin. 1 remember when nv deceased husband made his : i-si and tions to me. he stammereij an d and stuttered was so awfully flu-i rated it did seem as of hM never git it out in the wot id, titid 1 'spo-e I.'s gine rally the cae, tit least it has been with all them that's madesupposj ions to me you see they're gineraliy onceriiug ttbout what l.stid of an answer they're agwuie, to git, and u i kind o' makes 'em n.irvous. But when an j indivvitiual has ret-on to 'spose his attaeh-j nient's reciproca'ed. 1 d-.n't what i.eed j jde under. Svunce i riz! there is o' Ids being tlustra ed, though I must I We'v e got a Lvseum. The cry of letters say it's quite embarrasain' tew me pray ! ;s begun, the tree of noliidge is sprouted, in continner." terlect biles over matter that ere interk-ct i Ma. C. Well, then, I want to know if , wnich has been dormouse is naow roused hke you're willing I should have Melissy? 'a sleepy lion gittiu' away from Jordan. I Widow The dragon! j The first lector of the season was gin last I Ma. C. I hain't setl anytliing to her about ; (nc hy Jeemes PetboJdy, who's been one it yet thought the proper way was to get ' quarter to an aeadaniary. your consent tirst. 1 remember when I court- j Gineral subjet: Sti.u?.omt. ed Trypheny. we were engaged some time be- pertickler ditto Comics. fore mother Kempe knew anytmng about it, j x j;,, time lo in more'u a digestive and when she found it out she was quite put : cr eClor out because I didn't goto her first. So when jl made up my mind about Melissy, thinks me' j I'll dew it right this time, and speak to the i 'old woman first j j Widow. Old woman, hey! that's a purty 1 ! name to call me! amazin' perlite, tew! Want Melissy, hey! Tribbela'-ion ! gracious sakes alive! Well, l-'ll gin it up tow! I aliens : knowd you was a simpleton, Tim Crane, but I must confess I didn't think you was quite so big a fool! Want Melissy, dew ye? If I that don't beat all! What an everlasiin' old calf you must be to think that fche'd hok at you. v ny, vou re oi i enougn 10 ue ner i- . tiier. anu more tew .vieiissy ain i orny in ner ; i twtni3'-orietti year. vv nat a reuictuioas iuee for a man o your age! as gray as a rat, too! 1 1 wonder what "this world is a comin' tew! i 'tis astonisliia' what fools old widowers will ! make o' themselves! Have Melissy! Me jlissv! Ma. C. Why, widtter, you surprise mc- I'd no idea of being treated in this way, after you'd been so polite to me and made such a fuss over me and the girls. Widow. Shet yer head, Tim Crane none : o' your sass to me. Titer's yer hat on the ta ble, and here's the door, and the sooner you put on one, and march out out o' the other, the better'll it be for you. And I advise you afore yon try to get married agin, to go oat West and see's yer wile's cold and artcr ye're sa istied on that pint, jest put a little lampblack on yer hair 'twould add to your appearanc : ontioubtedly . and be of sarvice to you when you want to flourish round among the gal and when you've got your hair fixe, jest splinter the spine o' yer back 'twould not hurt yer looks a mite you'd be inlirely unresistabie if you was a leelie grain st i alter. Mr. C Weil. I never." Widow Hold yer tongue, you conarned old coot you I tell you there's yer hat and there's the door be off wi'h yerself quick me' re. or I'll give you a hyst with the broom stick." Mr. C Gimmeni! Widow, kisixo "Git out, I s.iv I aint agvvine to stan here and be insulted under my own ruff and so, git along and if ever vou darken my door again, or say a word to Melis sy, it'll be the wus for you. that's all. Ma C. Tremeiijotis! What a buster! Widow Go 'long tro "Ion r go long, vou T - sO everlastin' old gum. 1 won't hear another word (stops her ears.) I won't. I won't, 1 won't. Exit Mr. Crane. Xecessitv of Protection. In spite of the enormous amount of produce sent to Europe in consequence ot tiv war, at very high prices too. our expenses sti r..i! .,1 .!.. . i,, ,. l.0 irH lilt II ! T-UC'll Oi tur imports. What wiil be the case when the war ceases, when five hundred thousand men return to cuhsvve the soil. anJ wheat once more is exported from the Black Sea and the Baltic'.' The Imports of the past year, as will be shown in the forthcoming Report of the Secre tary of tl.e Treasury, were 62t 1 ,37i.9o's. The exports were S24t.7u4,M3. or fourteen millions, six hundred and seventy eight ti.ou ' sand four hundred and twenty-three dollars less. Taking this as the best view, the bal ance against us is no inconsiderable sum, and when it is considered against us it becomes alarming. But even this state of affairs, bad as it is, is not the worst. The Secretary of the Trea sury is a free trader, and is careful to put the best face on the matter, and in so doing adopt the frte trade dogma that specie is meiely aa article of trade. The balance against us given above, includes none of the specie exported, and of course it must be clear debt. Now look at the specie we have sent abroad for foreign traps and trimmings, fancies, friz zles and frowzies. Of gold and silver coin, i?l?.4G.423. of gold and silver bullion 34,- ,114 t.'5 all swelling up to an aggregate of 860 275 54G, or nearly seventy millions J dollars, ei.hcr paid already, or tj be paid in xptde. over and above the produce we have sen out! And this, too, when the work is stopped on most of our railroads, and the for- nicr heavy item of railroad iron dwindles down : to notiiiti . s This importing interest is a bad interest to foster, because its encouragement is but a fos- termor of universal ex'rav aganee. Mr. Ira- porter, already a miUiotta. e. throws a two thousand dollar sn.awi ( three fourtr.s being profit,) over the shoulders of his wite or Hugi'-.er Mrs.-.rM ss I nj----r p--in-Ti i-s :v : . :. . . .v.-.. ; . r, y 'ir- ,; . K - ler. w:.odj-.s M - II. !-r ' . - ?'-; witf. I1. Ue is weltfTy aud may stand it, paying the pront. Mrs. R. R. is in tura envied and emulated by Mrs. Grocer and Mr. B.i".k(r, who are followed up by Mrs. Butch er. Mrs. Biker, Mrs. Brewer, and the whole herd of iiitle ones in all the little towns and cicies of the land. Doe3 Mr. Importer lose art -.-thing by this extravagance, be he ever so lavish? Nay, nay! But" he eats out the sub stance of the land, and every dollar he sacri fices on the altar of Vanitv. return him thou- sanus as a re"omp -nc- When will America leara wisdom? Hamilton Intelligencer. Rich Letter o:i Astronomy. Ethan Spike, Es., of Hornby. Me., writes the following letter to the Portland Trans cript, descriptive of matters ana things in that Dart of the countrr. Our readers wiil enj ov j - his amusing report of the lecture on A mv: uiio- Mister Elditur: Purhaps ii pint of view our town haitii. l!i a htterery so forrerd ms she or er. V i.en 1 lv-tics and the mil- i.ig'arv in'oiest has bin carried furder perhaps than in ennv other place on the irth. yet, ex cep'iu' my own case HteratKr hasn't gone beyond korse hand rheu the single rule of u'.rce mark with Fellosofv has been kvvoted in this -t b -low svder; s pol ,.l-. t,.iiii.. h:Lii: CiimnirJ nil b'-atis las generally sot higher than stronomv eriry. and punkins X;luW. haowever. the letters led luggernoltl was ahed of piH-rtiv. tahh s ii turned bottom Jeemes begun by observing that ef eimy boddy supposed that the stars war'nt a lieep bigger than they look't, th.-y was almighty behind hand. Why, scz he, thar's that ar leetle shiner called Satan, sez he, don't look bigger than a tatur, and yit, accordin' to lle'klys who knose the hevuuly boddy's jist as weil a I kno faather lis sumwhat bigger than the hull Lou my of Oxfurd! An the littlest star you kin pick aout. is bigger nor a kart wheal. At this pint, Df-con Llder- berrv riz. and said this was goin' too fur, r ; r ' i,;.;;fmVf Lt ntra to scriptur. . i 1 hen lie tuck his hat an teer?j (US spittin aout his terbackker kud as a testy rnunv agin the doctriu.' After specking of the milky way--whic'.i he said was longer than tho Cumberland or Oxfurd Canawl an tho moon, which th : onlarn't c-,isi let to L. - a -motistros green cheez. but which syunce demunstrated to be jackerl lanturn on a large scale, the lecturer proceeded to the pertickeler part of his sub jek. comics or ulazin' stars. Comics, says Jeemes says he are of two kinds, the Tame and the Wil l. The fust is peacable tother aint. The fust one is made of old moons as aint fit, for service, and is called by the one edikated shootin stars, but we of the schools calls call 'em metors. This difference led the speaker to remark that larnin is-every thing. The wild Liad, sez Jeemes, is a ditferent criltur, b"ing L um posed of rtebulus matter, hyfalu'iu ga-s, oxhide of cast iuru, an stilts of harmonia, makes it highly salvage and un sartun. They fust appeard about Deuteron omy, or perhaps a lilile later, in the year six, and was diskivered spontaneous! v from Hoort laud Observators and Pompee's piller in R ooshy. They are pesky things, s-ays he, oilers gettin' up wars, hurrvkawts end airtli k wakes. ic. Oneasy atui restless, iravelli.i' about faster than a ra!e-rode, but never reach ing anv where in pertickeler. Kinder loomi ina e l Pe'er Ruggs. Mighty oiisartin. they ar can't be tlepended on. Fa her Miller, engaged one to do a pertickeler job for this old wore out world oi otirn in 1843, but it probably got better tarms somewheres else, and that job remains otolone to this day. B it now, says Jeemes, we come to consider their tales. Them, says he, is rail ntimcius. Talk about the moon's "wondrous tale." Why- the tales of all the pianics in the cider eal heavings vvotiid'iit make one for a fuss rare wild comic! Longer than the magnetic paragraph, and wider than Sebago pond, they stretchei about over the universal kanerpy in tl.e u:;it,ui'ed ungacity of either, i:oW -"-..Jon elown among me elongate concavi- c I , lies oi uiurnat eomvAities and agin sorein tip'erds till 1 tsi in the .'rate hvperion! Jeemes was so usej up by tins proration. that he h.a 1 to be carried home on a cheer. This morning, however, he was as well as could be expected, and ef c nvalescence don't set in he'il be about in a day or two. Ethan- Spike. AU MIMI M, THE MtW M.lTAL FROM Cl.Y ur liitit'K. A lai ge bar of this new metal, presented by the Emperor . f the French, is iiov,- on i tJ.ith'.tiou at the Polytechnic institu tion. Loudon. The rare gift evokes the ad miration of ail w ho see it, not only on account of the external silvery appearance, bnt also from its exueiuc l'uhtiicss, toughness, mallea bility, iu.-.l iluiabdlty, dtrhcuk ft s'bility or absolute iinl ftereiiec to that tamishcr r des troyer f metals, oxygen, a stern resistance to the action f water, and a chemical con tempt for that hand of large cities, sulphuret ted hydrogen. Aluminium, it is reasonable t- expect, will form all our culinary vessels; no more copjier or brass pans to poison eur ae-id sauces, pickles, condiments aud con fectiouarv. A Yavkee Boast. A correspondent fur uishes the following report of a conversation which recent'y took place at a store in Bos ton, lie says: An iritocent and pure-minded Jor.atlan, in a warm argument with a J.hn Bull, on our v..;..,.i iin'itn'i.ws ..vet his antagonist who had sneeringly remarked that, -fortunately the Americans couldn't go t'ar'f.er westward than the Pac fic shore " Ya::ke! seat c: et 1 his pregnant brain for an instant. a"t triumviantjy replied, "U !:y. g s.it g-air.ois. they're already "leveling the !!-. kr M-u"-a:.. and -arnng' the dirt out V,-s; li ai 4 ,, :. Pas fic shot .-iter .ft Weea tro:: two j u::d-ed :-;l. -da made l-"t y i-.ius, t of tl. ix aiv i:mi ke. , The following thrilling account of an ad- ' venture with a ik-n in the wilds of Southern Africa, is extracted from a record of an AlVi- : can sporting expeditian, recently published in an cnh-h magazine: Whilst breaktast was preparing I proceeded to take saunter down to the pool, not with out some faint hopes of a bath, though 1 feared our horses, to say nothing of the other animals who had visited it daring the night, might have muddied it too much for that. However, 1 resolved to try, aud throwing my Minne into he hollow of mv arm, and cock ing my wide awake over mv eyes, lounged down a path among the bushes, now well bea en by the feet of men and hoeses. Tl.e lafer 1 found up to their belies iu the pool, enjoying themselves as completely as the fl:Vs ; would let litem; b;i' as the wa'er looked un commonly turbid. I thought I would skirt along a lit'le to the left and look for a cleaner spot; an d so. climbi's ' a short steep, covered 1 wi.h long gras and mclerwtiod. I pushed aside some branches which intervened between me and a sinail :lear space of shorter turf, and. to my very in'ense astonishment, though I must say, not at that moment to my dismay, I was so ued to the sight of them t,,uiid myself within a few yards of one ot the finest male lions I ever savv, and wl o was en. ijrej with a look of grave patriarchal interest in ,t wa'ching the movements of the horses below, doub'less selecting onf for his bre-aktast. Have you Hot seen Landseer's e'uhing of the lion in the old Tower Men gerie? In exactly the same altitude, s'illtiml unmoving. like a noble stattio. stood this neighbor of mine; and for a few seconds, I remained really lost in aimira : tion of the grand boauty of the "tableau" he : presented. It was, however, necessary to decide on some line of action immediately. I could not help hitting I im, if I chose to fere, but if 1 1 did not kill him outright with one shot, he 1 was so close to me that I could hardly hope to escape without an ugly brush. Surely this Was a case in which discretion would be the better part of valor: and as he was so absorbed in contemplation of the horses below that he had not vet noticed me, I concluded (as Jona- than would sav) to steal off as 1 came. Ah! that dry twig that would place itself in the way of my 'very first retrograde footsteps' The sharp crackle effected what the more subdued noise of previous movements had not done, and wit!) a short startled growl, the beast swung himself round and in a second vv as staring at me with a look which said, "Hullo? who are you?" as plainly as look could speak. Instinctively I threw my rifle forward, cock- in g it at the same moment, and some seconds ofnerfectimmovableness on each side ensued, during which I was trying to make out wheth er lie would charge or not. The study of physiognomy is doutless pleasant enough on ihe whole; but when your subject is a big male lien, and the depending on the study whether you shall be summarily "smashed" or let alone, why I confess it becomes tas Mr. Weller stivs ) too exciting to be pleasant. How 1 studied every feature, trying to de tect a change of some sort winch gave me a clue! It came at last; he gradually lowered his head, and by his wiggling motion of his hind quarters, which I could just spy over his shoulder. I saw he was gathering his hind legs under him a sure indication. What odd things will come into people's minds in a moment of peril! That movement brought to my recollection most vividly a bitterly parallel scene in my Au tit's garden at Harrow, where I wa'ched her cat gathering herself up in an exactly similar way to pounce on a wretched sparrow. The next moment he dashed at me with a hoarse snarl, which sounded as though a giant had drawn t.ie bow suddenly across the strings of a stupendous violincello. I fired as he rushed in, aiming as well as I could at the middle of his forehead. As 1 did so I was swept down with the force of an exuress tiain, and tcr a l The first w seconi Is lo all consciousness. thing I was sensible of. as soon as I began to get mv senses together, was the clear, strong voice of N . calling to me in the most placid, tho'igh earnest manner: ,.t;, ,.f ,.rlr, cttn v..if, sr...,-. r.i.. chance How mv heart leaped at the voice! H-lp was at hand, but the words that announced r , . ... . ' at the same time, pointed out mv extreme danger; it needed only the most modera'eexer cise'of my returning faculties to understand why. I wa: n.T fnoe among the long grass at the top of tlie little steep 1 have men- ft ......t f f-.ml.d sek n.ehintr V!it I ....il.t f..i.l the lion close to me. I could hear his deep, short angry breath, like ttecuto purrs of a.. enormous cat could detect a smacking noise which I afterwards found arose from his lick ing at a stream of blood which flowed down the side of his nose, from a deep sore on hi forehead given by my ball nay, I could feel his huge tail, as he rolled it angrily across from side to side, rett for a moment en my back now and then. The bitter anguish of those few years of moments well, vou can guess all tha. Presently I heard the crack of a rifle on my left, a sharp whistle close to my head, and a' tnra on my rigtn, as me snot ioiu among trie fur, succeeded by another short, sharp snarl louder than the first another crack, a sen-a-;ion like a red hot wire across my neck, (be ing at the bottom of the &lop' they could but iusti 'lit the lion over mv head, and N had fired a quarter of an inch too low. j another furious snarl, and then a roar such a roar within a yard of my tympanum. I never heard such a sound out of anything, living tr dead; then three or more shots cloe together. and a bustle at one suie which sounded like mi iicijjuwi o,..., "tu'Jii wjc givs9 and bushes. , "Now roll! roll for your life!" shouted X V clear voice again. I was saved the trouble : the dying brute. In his convulsions giving roe a kick with his hind legs which t-ent me" fly- ing down the steep out of reach of further danger. Adv raTisiNG. You might as well try to stop water from running down Niagara Falls, as to keep people from running to'the stores tni shops of those traders that avail tbem- i aa oetter ieaye on D randy -and water. To -elves of ihe printing pre-ss, to let the world dream of walking barefooted denotes a jour know what they hare got, and where they ney that you will make bootless." may be found. j j S?The Afen'own f P, ) Drri.-crat. says 5Thfe L-mlsn Sncivy for the prrgn- :k: 'he brns of f-.-n e-s in that -...cHoi -i-' '..T ot If.e vT -I.e:, I; is s . the IT -!f:. I; is s , rr-, rr; s-. .r.ar.es :j Cjtistiir:'i-), ai a church th.. to eieel The StHte in a Prelly l'udilion. In addition to the confusion into which our iMa'e lias tailcn. on account o f the fi e lAiUire m the enactment of the A .propria' ion Bill, the Indianapolis Republican cal.s attention to the appraisement law and oihers: The law under which real es'ate was appraised was passeu upon me io.n oi rciuuaii, ioji. This law is to be found on pages 1 I to 13 of tne act of 1S31. Sec. 27 of this law provides: 'That the appraisement t.'.e rent estate maJe ' pursuance " tAepri,vi-ii.s vflhis id, slmi! sUmd for the term ij Jive ywr,. anil siull be the amount up-j i ic.ULt the t .jces shull be .st--'- " This appraisement was made in and tor the year 1851, and expires with the vear I 855. The question arises, can a new appraise ment be mle under this fciw? In looking over it. we find no provision for a new ap praisement, nothing that contemplate it, nothing that diiects it. By what authority can appraisers act hereat'er? Theie is no provision iu the law for the appointment of Ucll o fficeis, except kr the purposes of tin; ap-prai senietit of 1861. Seethe tj-rsl section of tlie law; that provied for their appointment at the first term after thr passage of the law. Clearly, them the whole ietior and spirit of the law contemplates a single appraisment. leaving it for the Legislature, five yiars tl eic- after, lo make provision for tl.e next appraise ment. This has not been done. An act was passed bv the House last winter, providing for the nejst year's appraisement, bs.it it did not pass the Senate. It sleeps among; the files of tititinishrel buisiness, together with the rai- road law. the general law for the incorpora ion of cities, the law for township business, the appropriation law anil oihers. In the rush of minor bilhs, and ihe grea' and all abosorbing Dank bills, those laws, which were of moie vital importaue 3 to the State, were overlooked entirety, so few as their passage was coucor ncd. ' The consequences of having no provision fr an appraisement w ill be felt from top to bottom of ur Sxate (Jovernment. To levy taxes without one will be an impossibility, since there can be no ascertained value of real estate. The wheels of i overnment might stop, the interest on our State del remain unpaid, the pay of public t.fhYers would be w ithheld, or rather would fail. Indeed, it would be doubtful weather personal properly can be taxed, if real estate is not. Such a taxation ' vvould be unconstitutional as well as grossly oppressive. - - - Lisdlev Mcbhav. It is not, perhaps, gen e? known, says the Lebanon Advertiser, that this "prince of English grammarians" ws an American, and born within the pre- sent limits of Lebanon county. Pennsylvania. He was born in ihe year 1745. on the Swa ttira, in East Hanover township, then Lan caster, now Lebanon county. His father was a miller, and followed that occupation when iLitidiey was born, but afterwards de vcted hi attention to mercantile pursuits, a:i l amassed a considerable fortune liy trading to -the West Indies. Liudiey was the oldest of twelve children, and when almul seven years of g was sent to Philadelphia, tha: he might have the benetit of a better education linn could be had at Svvataia He studied law in New Yoik, and at the age of twenty -two was called to the bar, where he gained tor himself the reputation of cn 'honest lawyer.' His 'Grammar of the English Lsnguge,' was composed in England, in 179 4. and publish ed in the sprng of 1795, mativ millions of otpies of which have beeu sold. He resided in England forty two years, most of which lime he was an invalid. lie composed many works besides his Grammer. He died in a village in Yorkshire, being upwards of eighty yean s of age. He is represented as a Chris lian and Philanthropist. Ife left legacies to a number of rela'ivesand friends, and sums of money to many religious societies. He also directed t'iat the residue of his property, after ihe decease of Ids wife, f a w York lady, his Iteloved and aifi-c! ionate Hannah, who ha I been his companion for more than ' "xly years.) should be ilevs.'ed to pious and I benevolent purposes. He was a Quaker and in'erred' in the burying ground of that sect. in the civ of New Yolk, far from friends and ; fatherland. i r - ,, . t FtsK 1 niEs fob DtitTciBs lie following : is presumed to be tl.e soliloquy of a young ; phv sician, who hopes, by the multiplication i of dlsea-es. to get into practice: "Considering the d;imp. muddy sta'o of the j streets a-this time ot the year; 1 am equal. y i not zed and delighted to see the ladies al i mosl universally, going abou' in thin shoes. 1 This elegant fashion beau ifully displays the I conformation of the ankle joint; but to the surgeon it has another recoinmerj lation. I j ln-h c-kl the delicate foot, separated scarcclv i by the thickness of thin paper from ihe mire. ; I see the exquisite instep, undefended but by a m-re web. I meditate on the influence of ; cold and wet upon the frame; I think of the i a I catairtis, cougtis, pleurisies, pneumonias, con sumptions, and other interesting affections that necessarily mut-t result from their ar pli- cation to the feet: and then I reckon up the number of pills, boluses, powders, draughts, mixtures, leeches, aua blisters which will con sequently L sent in to the fair sufferer-, cal- vjulate what theymust come to, and wish I had the amount in my pocket. Interpretation- of Drems. There is a new guide to the interpretation of dreams. An English paper thus p-jts if: "To dream of a millstone rvroun i f s.r neck, is a-sign of what you may expect if you get an extravagant : wife. To see apples in a dream btokens a wedding, because where you find apple you ;im i et-souaoijr sripec. jjs:i s. luuiram mai you-are lame is a token ihat you will get iuio a hobble. When a young lady dreams of a cofBn. it betokens that she fhouid insUntly discontinue lacing her stays tightly, and a!- wave go warmly and thickly shod in wet w eather. If vou dream of a clock, it is a to- ken that you wk'l gain crclit that is. tick. To dream of fire is a sign that if you arc wise nil see mat me ngnts in yoar home are out before you go to bed. To Iream tliat your no-e is red at the tip. is an intimation that you si. ,;-Tr f --. ir : f. r rh.s, ,Ser I j 4t,' a ot grro'j, ati i Vti u.ev itui uui Cui' uii- I tdies u -narket. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. J. Ui-KTV.W. 1. llKk.L ; Mws. H. P. Hisaurr i:i iuoIocichI Motes. Fine green tea is called Ilysvn. because it was tirsi imported into England by art East India merchant who.-e name was Hyson. Arroic ro'jt is so named, because the In dians use the juice of it as a reined' for the wounds inflicted by "ois-ionous arrows. JSluuJt' rts, it is tsttd. were first made by Thomas Blanket of Bristol in 134J. Hence tho nam, The French have ihe word blanket, was it de rived from the Englisdi? Formerly women were prohibited from marrying until they had spun a regular set of -bed furniture Hence piter acquired the nifniig which it still has in law, via: an arw man ie-J mtmit n. The firt month after raarraige is called htiney union because it was the custom of thfl Teu.ones, an ancient people of Germany to drink for thirty d tys af er every wedding, meader melheglm, m beverage n;ide with hea ey. MiXfd liquors are called ffrry, because ad miral Veinoii, who was the first to mix his sailor's allowance of spirits with water, was nicknamed "Old Grog." from his wearing a orirom coat, and th w mwne was given to the im.vli lnjuor he compelled his lleet to drink. Mrmtiiy is derivtd from momia which in A ru ble, signifies teax, wax was used in embalm ing. A pempous tomb is called a mausoleum be crwise this name was given to a stately mon ument which Aitemesia erected to her bus- , band , mausolits. King of Caria. A loin ef beef is called a sirlnin, be'atse Charles II on dining upon it. was so plca cd with his fare, that he said it should be knighted, and henceforth it was a Sir-Loin. lkiH,uxk is so culled because it was first . manufactured in perfection, at Damascus, in Svria. W. I). II. (raiumaticia! Notes. f A l ihe meeting of the Teachers Associa tion held at Centreville. Nov. 21. the lecturer ' on gr:nimar took the position that home, in the sentence lhon went home," is in the ob jective -se without a governing word either expressed or understood. The following arguments are the onlyotici , we have ev er heard ii f;vv er ef such an anal ysis. We do not say John ufntro home, and 1 therefore fo is not understood in tho sentence, j In La in. (emus which may bj frequently , translated home, is construed like names of i town, and when names of towns express the place whither they are put in the accusative withou' a governing word. To the first argument we reply that when it has long been customary to omit in speaking a word which actually exists in idea, the in sertion of the word is not pleasant to the ear. This is the reason why the ear is more agree ably affected by "John go to fcchool" than by J j!m go thou to school." 1; home has no governing word either ex pressed or understood how can it be decided that it is in the objective case. It would be somewhat of a curiosity to see a definition of the objective case, extensive enough to include in it a noun which is neith er the object of a verb nor tl.e relation express ed by a preposition. Leaving the difficulties which such a doc trine brings with' it, We shall proceed to show that home is in the objective case and is gov ern 1 by a preposi.i a uu lersUod. If we do not say "John went to liomi," we do. say 'John went to his home." And we claim that "John went home" is synony mous with "John went lo his home." These two sentences are constructed alike, ami differ only in the lact that in the first there is ane'lpsis of tj and his while in the second these words are expressed. I In thesame manner. "John was home last evening" is synonymous with "John was at home last e ening.'' At is as plainly supplied by ttte ruin 1 in the first sentence as it is ex pressed in the second, and iu both sentences the mind supplies hit, and also a preposition lo govern evening. Tne argument from Lvin usage proves to , much and is therefore ina imissable. We hav-j in Latin "Jiem'tm verrtit" and "Doitii viv I" which literally translated are He come; home , tud Hi lives hom. From this we see Uiat the uiaiogy aoes not always noil even in the dis puted word, for ihe Latins often omitted tha preposition where wi always insert it. Perhaps soove reader of these remarks may -av that thefe is no need for all this disctis- siou for home, in ihe sentence rferrel to, is ! an adverb, ar.d not a noun. We grant that there is an adverbial idea, but that it exists as a phiae. In- th- sentence ' John went to ; Bos-o-,1," there is an a Iverbial idea which i (expressed by the phra-'io Boston.' In this I phrase neither 'to' nor Boeton is an adverb, j but they constitute an adverbial phrase when ' taken together. So in trie sentence "John went home," there is an adverbial idea, but it is not expressel by 'homts but by Ho hi home,' this phrase actually existing in ;he mi rid when we hear the sentence, w. i. it. Vxf Wild gfe.e were flying southward yes terday. They have doubtless tarried tolong j iu the icy regions, and got lost. lhy appctr- e J to be confused, had no leader, and did not keep the regular triangle figure as usual. U ooifer Democrat. There are other get-se which have gone a little way South, needing a leader aa much a l t'-essj "wild ones." We suspect, too, some of them have got lost; at all events, it is a pity ' .hey ever weut away from home. The geese ' we speak of kefp the triangular figure" a fiule too perfectly. They are a lunirrv set. , but will never get fuller solon-g as thevtlvas ? IneV now SO. Uefffand tJeTOlI. ( -" , . , , 3T Letters . from Constantinople give i ghvay accounts of the state of affair there, i'rovis'ions are dear beyond anythingever pre- j v ioas'y known in Turkey. The belief is that I he "Giaour" occasions it all. and an outb --ak , will probably occur. Eyerj body goes armed in the street, fo ea with a French police , hfc- is not sate, if aa eraeute does occur, it i w ill be pomptiy pnt down by the grape-shot j of the French, and the extermination of the disturbers f the peace of the city. WTh& entire issues f Btbles by the i American Bible Scie.y for the thirfr-vn j . - J -s j years of its existence would cover more than lt-r eres w'v,h Bibles and TestamfuU. or s-x'ttii ia iron xro- -u r teaily a thousand i or m ike uote lhau s-ihii hundred and fifty cord! "