CTTZinXI8 : 02,00 A TEAR.
p- nil ! ' " " " - .
All Hinds of Job Printing
Satltfaetarily Doae at Living Bates
Office: in the Forkner Butldlnjr, Cast of the Citi
im'i Bank, mad pppaus w, parnes vo.
: NEW ADVERTISEMENTS,
-nnnif ArtFNTS viANTED FOR
13 STRUGGLES A TRIUMPHS OF
Warna vr Hrt.v. In Ova Lamb Octavo Vol-
CMB NBABLT WO r AOKS t IKTD IJ fiWI.ua AMD
mbreee Fobtt Tbabs Bboollbctiobb of his Busy
Life, Merebsnt. Manager, Banker, Lecturer, aad
BB3VBMB. HO DOOK fUOUMWBtX mo mmvytrnvio tu
ilHMi. Erery oce weata U- AgBBUaverAge from
terns, aad par freight West. Illustrated Catalogue
J H. BURR & CO., Pub's Hartford, Conn.
TO TBS WORKING CI1ASS.1 We are now pre
pasedte famish all classes wHa eoaetaai employ,
meat at boat, the whole of the time or for the spare
moments. Business new, light and profitable. Per
sons of either sex easily earn from Mo. to $5 per
e renter, aad a fmrtioaal saai by devoting their whole
time to the business. Boys and girls earn nearly as
nwMBW. That all who see this notice may
eeadthetr address, aad test the business, we make
alkr Tn annh mm a.ra not well sat-
Dad, we wUl send $1 V pay for the trouble of writ-
log. Fan paroeaiars, a TuoMHtHBiini 7"""
do to eemeieaea work on, and a copy of T a .Peo
ple's Literary Companion one of the largest and beat
family newspapers published all sent free by mail.
Reader, If yoa want permanent, profitable work, ad
drees E. C. ALLEN i CO., Aoodbta, Maiks.
By the Metropolitan Gift Co. '
Cash Gifts to the Amonnt of $500,000
EVERT TICK":ET DRAWS A PRIZE.
IS Cash Gifts, each $30,00 I 4 Cash Gifts tl.OOO
30 . - io,0( I 90 600
M ; " 5,000 J 300 M 10
7 Elegant Rosewood Pianos, - each $300 to $700
&f . M ' Melodeon Tito 100
a tMwier Machines. - - M 0to 174
SO Gold Watehee, - T4 to 30
Caah Prises, Silverware, Ac, valued at $ 1,000,000
A chance to draw any of the above Priies for 25
casts.- Tickets describing Prisee are aifd in Envel
ope and well-mixed. Oa receipt of 24o a SeaUd
TWeef is draws, without choice, and sent by mail to
tm aAlraaa. The nrize named udou it will be deliv
ered to the ticketholder oa payment of Oa Dollar.
Prises are immediately lent to any aaaress oy ex
press or retnra maiL
Yon well know what year Prise is before you pay
for it. -y Prim exchanged for another of the eame
nine. Vo Bleaks. ' Oar patrons can depend on fair
KsrmiMCSa. We select the following from tnlny
who have lately drawn Valuable Prises, and kindly
permitted us to publish them , Andrew J. Burns,
Chicago, $l,OC0 ; Miss Clara S. Walker, Baltimore,
Piano, $80; James M. Mathews, Detroit, $5,000;
John - T. Andrews, Savannah, $5,000; Miss Agnes
Bimtnons, Charleston, Piano, $000. We publish co
aamee without permission.
ttwmnne or tbi Pans. "The firm is reliable, and
deserve their success.- tfWJHy 7rbne, Maw 8. "We
know them to be a fair dealing firm." H r Herald,
May 28. "A friend of oure drew a $500 prise, which
was promptly received." Daily lfew, June 8.
Send for Circular. Liberal inducements to Agents.
Rattsfaetioa gut a a teed. Sveiy package of Sealed
Envelopes contains ONE CASH GIFT. Six Tick
ets for 1: 13 for $ 2: 35 lor $5; 110 for $15. All
letters should be addressed to
HARPER, WILSON A CO.,
a37-12w . I9J Broadway, New York.
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTORY
. , NO. 181 MAIN STBETT:
erjajOOTS fc SHOES, CHEAP FOR CAS II I
Having a good assortment of Boots and Shoes
aow on hand, of my own manufacture and Eastern
saade work, aad being prepared to fill all orders for
Sewed or Pegged Boots and Shoes
At the shortest possible notice, the undersigned re
spectfully eskstheeitizens of Richmond and vicinity
for a share of patronage, thanking them rorthat here
tofore so liberally extended.
; " and New
22 MAIN STREET, Below Pearl.
Also, Agent for the
Makes the Leek stitch ; stitches alike on both sides
las table and treadle, and la in every respect as good
ts the $75 machines. Only $37. Call and see it.
D. P. Hollow at, R. Mason, I 3. M. Blancbabd,
Former Com'r of I AH'y at Law Late Examiner in
Patents. Pat. Office.
Holloway, Maton ft Blanohard,
American and Foreign Patents,
Attorneys and Experts in Patent
. "1 J-: Casesr,; "i : i v ' i r;
459 Kinth, between E and F Streets,
WASHINGTON, T. C.
JAT.TRS IX. STARR,
STEAL & GIS PIPE FITTER
Gm Office oa Main Street, between Peat J
and Marion en Sd Floor.
Fine Gras Fiztnres, at Less
1 HA N EASTERN PRICES,
pkk work prompttydone in the best and most
satisfactory manner and Wabbamtko.
Richmond, Jan. fi, 18o9. .. , 44:ly
1LB rio n T 2 BOTJOS
6Hlf ELLIOTT. Proprietor. "
CORNER OF FIFTH AND MAIN,
' ' - Riehmond.lnd.
The Way to Malso Money
GAS BILL DISCOUNTED 15 ? cent,
if paid on or before the 20th in$t.
DR. S. B.
No. 16 Corth Peari Street,
(Opposite the Warner Baildfng,) "
RICHMOND, I N D .
Office Honrs: From I to 2, and from 6 to 7 P.
M. and at all other times when not professionally
Richbomd, Nov. 9, 1869. - - l9Jy
IBM Fe BROWW,,
Blonk Book Uanufocturer,
If o. SST Mala St., Zellers Baildiag,
Vagasines, newspapers, ana rampoiet Douna in any
style desired. Old Books rebound. Blank Books for
K. R. Corporations, , -Manufacturers,
4 J Colleges, Schools, -
County Registers, Ac., Ac.
Made to order of the best paper in the market. Print
ed, Baled and Bound in any aty le and warranted.
Paner Rnlinir. and all work beloneinz to a Bindery,
exeewted neatly, promptly, and at the lowest rates.
d3 em .
ICCBSTUS D. YOUNG,
Attorney and Notary,
Ice in Haines' Building, opposite tho Rich
mond National and Citizens' Banks,
T. ROSE, Dentiflt,
N. W. Corner of Main and Pearl-stn.,
Richmond , Ind
TEETH EXTRACTED without pain by the
, aae of Nitrous Oxyde or Laughing uas.
SWAllwork wabbamtbd. Feb. 20, 1868,
JO H N H. POPP,
a TTORNEY AT L.A.W ana flOTAKl
A Office No. 33, Msin-st., R 'hmoad, Ind
Attende to the collection ot all claims in any State o'
tho Union. Will practice in any of the Courts ol In
diana and Ohio. Execute Deeds, Mortgages, and
Powers of Attorney, either inland or foreign. By
special arrangement with C. P. Abac, in Cincinnati,
(German Consul) and Hillkr a Co., of New York, I
am enabled to forward and receive any money packa
ges or other valuables, as well as to attend to the
transit of persons from any part of Europe or from
2VA11 businessstrictlyconfidentlal and promptly
attended to. J.H. P.
July 7th, 1869. ivtr
Dr. I. J. AVERY,
T HIS OF PICE on South Pearl, fourth door
l from the N. W. cor. of Pearl and Walnut-ate
s prepared to attend promptly to allcalla in the line
or kis f rofc
Richmond, July 7tb,1868.
RESPECTFULLY announces to the citizens
of Richmond and Wayne county, that be has
resumed the Practice of Law in the room over
Haines Store, opposite the Richmond National Bank,
where he would be pleased to see his old friends and
all desiring his assistance in (hat line.
SVEntranee one door West of S. R: Wiggins a
Co.'s Saddlery and Leather Store.
Richmond, Aug. 10, 1869. 23 tf
XTXCHOLSON & BRO.,
Booksellers & Stationers,
Cor: 6th and Main, Odd Fellows Building;
ABOUT 800 CORDS OF WOOD
n the tree for Sale, about two miles from Richmond.
JAMES M. STARR,
At the Gas Works.
Richmond, Sept. 21, 1869.
Are prepared to do all kinds of work in their line
of business, and in
THE BEST STYLE,
AT THEIR GALLERIES
Nos. 304, and 306, Main-St., Third Story
i j I; ' A N D
N. W. Corner of Main and Fifth Streets,
Richmond, Indiana. V ,
Stitched or Pegged
Boots and. Shoes,
MADE OF THE BEST MATERIAL,
and in a substantial and workman-like manner,
made to order, at
HENRY EMRICH'S SHOP,
Two Doors South of Pluminer's Drugstore,
On South Pearl Street,
Where he respectfully invites the citizens of Rich-BB,-nd
and vicinity to give him a call and a share of
patronage, being sure, from the pood quality of his
work and the general satisfaction given heretofore,
that all will be well pleated with his manufacture.
JBmT-A good supply of BOOTS and SHOES,
made at his establishment, on hand, which he is sel
ing at very low rates for Cash.
JlRepairingdone at short notice. '
Richmond, Oct. 19,1869. 12tf
THE HOME for the FRIENDLESS
Has been fitted up with a Laundry, and has for the
past few montba been successfully engaged in
washing and ironing. Bv this means we have been
able to contribute largely towards supplying the
daily wants of the Home We would" respectfully
solicit the patronage of the public, and warrant sat
iafaction. Clotbea will be sent for and returned in
good order at aa low rates or lower than anywhere
else. The application for washing may be left at the
post office, at the Home on South 6th street, near the
corner of Market, or with any one of the managers.
On behalf ot the Board.
R.M. COFFIN, President.
Richmond, Sep t.l, 1869.
; JUST AND FEAR NOT! LET ALL THE
RICHMOWltt, WAYNE CO., IIW.,
THREE WORDS OF STRENGTH.
There sre three lessons I would write
Three words, ss with a burning pen,
In tracing of eteratl light,
Upon the hearts ct men.
Have hope ! Tho' clouds environ round,
And gladness hides her fare in scorn.
Put thou the shadow from toy brow
N night but hath its morn.
Hsve faith t Wher'er thy bark is driven
The calm's disport, the tempest's mirth
Know this ; God rules the hosts of Heaven,
The inhabitants of earth.
Have Love 1 not love alone for one,
But man as man thy brother call,
And scatter. like the circling sun.
Thy charities on all.
Thus grave these lessons on thy soul
Hope. Faith and Love and thou shall find
Strength when life's surges rudest roll.
Light when thou else wert blind.
Oar friend Gso. iLiFP.agsin favors us with a letter
from I. VT. Cass, of Oregon, which is not only highly
interesting, bnt contains valuable information rela
tive to the climate 'of that ' Heaven-favored country.
that will astonish many of our readers, who, like us
have always looked upon "Old Wayne," (barring the
almost constant changing of the weather,) as not
many degrees removed from the exact spot where the
Garden of Eden might have been located:
In that portion of my last letter, which
was published in the Palladium, in Oc
tober last, I noticed several! Errors
which I wish to correct. In place of
'Ureka,' should be Y-rt ka. In place of
Mupqua,' read Ump-qua, (Um-kwa,)
In place of 'Caloporia,' read Cat a-pota,
(Cal-a poo-ya). Eugene City is placed
45 miles from the mouth of the Wil lam
mette River ; it should be 145 miles. In
place of 'Corollis,' read Cor-val lis. (The
heart of the Valley). But such errors
as these are not calculated to do as much
harm to Oregon, as some of the follow-
tag erroneous ideas, that aro extant, in
many portions of tho Eastern States (we
call all States Eastern that are east
of the Rocky Mountains), for instance,
many persons have an idea that Oregon
is but a County in California for not a
few letters have been received In this
country, directed say to Salem, or Port
land, Oregon County,California it is al
so a very prevalent idea, with very
many persons, that it rains about thir
teen months in the year, in this country.
Again, others think that it is so cold
that fruit or Grain will not grow. Others
think that we are only Semi-civilized,
and so on.
Now, I wish to say that Oregon is a
. separate and distinct State of the' Uni
ted Brotherhood. It never has seceded
from Uncle Sam's dominions. Neither
has it ever been annexed to California.
It lies between the 42d and 46th paral
lels of North Latitude is bounded on
the North by the Columbia River, on
the East by Idahoe, on the South by
California, on the West by the Pacific
Ocean. It has one of the most even
and delightful climates in the world of
the same Latitude, or in fact any lati"
tnde, as the following weather record
Weather Record for Oregon. As
the impression is abroad in many of the
States, as also in Oregon, that Oregon
has a greater nnmber of ttormy or rainy
days than any other State, I sand you
the enclosed table of the weather, which
I have kept daily for the past ten years,
beginning April, 1858; which table will
show that Oregon has a yearly average i
of 65 per cent, of days without rain or
snow. Besides this a large proportion of
the days recorded under the head, cf
'sunshine and showers,' were days in
which persons could follow their out
door vocations without serious inconve
nience. Under the head of 'pleasant'
a ova m .
no ram or snow ieu between sunrise and
sunset. Under the head of rainy
there was no sunshine, and rain fell
most 'of the time. Under the head of
'sunshine and showers are included
days when a part or half of the day
would be pleasant and part rainy. I am
aware that rain and snow fell during the
time between sunset and sunrise, also
that many days that are marked rainy,
the night would be clear and pleasan.
I think one will offset the other. I have
also noted some of the extremes during
eorae years, wbjch you can publish if
you think them deserving of notice. I
think a table of this kind will be appre
ciated by persons interested in or in
quiring about Oregon:
We have not room for the entire table, only for
the Recapitulation of years:
Years. Pleasant. Rainy. Sunjhine Snow.
1853...1S0 48 ' 43 4
1859 228 73 47 17
18S 232 72 . 57 5
1861.. ..224 70 61 10
1862 250 , 47 62 16
1863.. ..220 82 65 8
1864.... 252 60 47 7
1865.... 227, . 65 63 10
1S66....230 73 59 3
1867... 244 65 49 7
1868.. ..272 ' 30 55 9
Total 2559 685 5S3 96
Sixty five per cent, of the above days
are without rain or snow.
Notes. Ice formed December 2d,
1858. In 1859, ponds were frozen over
at times till March 1st ice never over
two inches thick; very little cold weath
cr in December, 1859, no ice to speak
ot. ,:; '
January 24th, 1869, the ground froze
for the first time this winter first ice,
January 26th. Ice and frost all gone
February 1st. I planted potatoes Feb
ruary 6th; on the 17th planted onion sets
and onion seeds; April 26th planted
ENDS THOU AIM'ST AT, BE THY
January 2d, 1862, Columbia river fro
zen over so that the ocean steamers
could not run; thermometer 16 degrees
below freezing point. January 8th,
snow a foot deep; excellent sleighing.
On 17th, Wallamct frozen hard enough
to cross on foot On 24th, ice gone
out of Wallamet river. March 10th,
snow all disappeared.
.Tannarv 7th. 1868. Columbia river
closed with ice. On the 11th, Walla
met closed over so as to stop tne steam
ers running to Oregon City until the
2Sth. No rain fell after the first of J uly
until September 3d 63 'days and then
none again till October zod.
1 am still continuing my daily record.
Orboon, Nov. 18th, 1869.
And to these records your attention is
especially directed for they been com
piled carefully bya, responsible man.
The record for 1 869, will show a fairer
page than the previous ten years, but is
not yet complete. Up to this date, Dec.
18, 1869, ther.e has been but two
slight frosts ; no ice or snow and but
about 30 days' rain, all told, this fall.
A great many varieties of flowers are
still blooming in the Gardens. The grass
is as green as spring-time; in several
orchards in this town can bo seen Pears
of the second crop on the same tree, this
season, almost ripe and this is not an
uncommon thing ripe strawberries,
blackberries and raspberiies have been
picked and eaten during last month and
this, as the enclosed paragraphs from
newspapers throughout the Slate will at
Oregonian Second Crops We have
upon our table a large bunch of Isabella
grapes, irom ur. ijienn s garaen in w
city. The doctor informed us that he
hastsken at lesst one ousueioi tnese
second crop grapes from this vine. The
grapes are perfectly ripe, sweet and de
licious, and much larger than those of
the first crop on the same vine. This
vine stands out in the open yard, remote
from any building, entirely unprotected.
It is alrnost the middle ot uecemnor.ana
. a m
yet there are many tine buncnes oi
these luscious grapes still hangi.ig upon
the yines. In the same j-ard a Bartlett
pear tree produced a second crop -of
We observed yesterday m a garaen a
large shrub of Pyrus Japoneca literally
covered with bright scarlet flowers.
This shrub usually blooms but once a
year, and that time should be early,-
'when winter yet lingers m me iap oi
Spring but so tempting have been the
warm weather and bright sun of our late
autumnal days, that these beautiful
flowers have ventured out with all their
Tender geraniums aua luciiias are sun
standing out in the gardens and open
porches, and almost every garden in
town is full of beautiful roses, as bright
and sweet as those of June. Last year
roses bloomed all Winter in the gardens
without the least protection, and from
present appearances they will do bo
again, llie ueias ana prairies an ovtrr
the State aro as green as in May, and
teem with, luxuriant growths of grass
and grain. Oregonian.
The Eucenc 'Journal' states that .'on
Sunday, the 5th day of December, Mr.
Calvin Wallace, and another gentleman
whose name we did not learn, picked
quite a lot of ripe strawberries, on the
hillside near Hill's saw-rmll, in this
county. On Thanksgiving Day, the 18th
of last month, Rev. J. M.Dick, of Camp
Creek, eat down to a nice dish of straw
beries and cream, having picked the
strawberries the day before from the
hills near his residence. What better
commentary on the climate of Oregon
The Soil of Oregon is equal to the
best; it will produce 33j bushels or
wheat per acre the btato over, if well
cultivated. Oats will average 50 Bush
els per acre ; Potatoes 350 to 400 ; Corn
35 to 40. Not much attention is paid to
the latter as Wheat, Barley and Oats
can be produced so much cheaper. Veg.
etables of r 11 kinds grow very large, and
yield abundantly. I have cabbago in
my cellar, raised on the Columbia bot
toms, that will average 20 lbs per head.
Beets that will average 12 lbs. Pump
kins 50 to 60 lbs all sound, solid and
sweet. They are of ordinary growth ;
none having been raised or selected as
premiums. As to fruit, for apples, pears,
plums, cherries, quinces and all the
small fruits, it cannot be excelled by
any country in the world. As to civili
zation, our churches and schools will
compare f.-vorably with any of the same
size in the Eastern States. Our State is
so situated that we have the sca-breezs
from the West, and mountain-breezes
trom the North and Ea6t, rendering the
air pure, balmy and salubrious, and the
country healthy beyond comparison.
Our Rivers are as large as auy the
grand old Columbia cannot be called
aecond to any on the continent. Hon.
William D. Kelly, who isited Oregon
last September, in a speech at Philadel
phia, said : "We entered the Columbia
and passed up one of the grandest rivers
in the world, 112 miles to Portland, Ore
gon." This is a region where they have
no winter, do not house their cattle the
year round. "In Oregon we found as
much comfort and neatness as is to be
found in any part of New England.
We shall now describe the Columbia.
It is grander than the Mississippi, the
Rhine, or any other river. The scenery
GOD'S, THY COUNTRY'S AND TRUTH'S!"
JA1V. 18, 18TO.
along its banks is magnificent and sub
lime. Its fisheries are destined to be
come of vast importance. There are
now some thirty establishments within
30 miles of each other, that have invest
ed from 81,000 to 850,000 capital each,
and to give you some idea of the bus
iness they do, I will mention one item.
One firm, that of Hapgood, Hume & Co ,
used 89,000 worth of penny stamps, to
stamp their cans the past season, one
penny to each can. These fisheries are
but in their infancy. Some arc doubling
their capacities this winter for next sea
son. Some of these Establishments
can the Salmon in one pound and two
pound cans, like canning fruit, others
pickle in kits, of half barrels and barrels,
others dry or smoke it. Some da all
three. Our mountains arc as high, as
picturesque and romantic as any.
There are many spots in the State
where a person can stand in the same
tracks and see eight snow capped moun
tains in the Cascade range, rearing their
white heads thousands of feet above the
line of vegetation. Mount Hood the
highest looms up over seventeen thou
sand feet above the level of the sea.
Our forests are large, well distributed
and easy of access. The principal tim
ber is Fir, Spruce, Hemlock, Pine, Ce
dar, Oak and Ash, also Alder. The fir,
spruce, pine, cedar And hemlock, grow
very large from 6 to 12 feet io diame
ter, and from 250 to 300 feet high and
straight, some being 100 feet to the first
limb. Gold, Silver, Iron and Coal are
found in paying quantities in many
places throughout the State. It will be
seen therefore that Oregon possesses
many advantages. The country is
healthy. The climate mild and even.
The soil rich and fertile. The rivers
are broad and grand. The scenery
weird and beautiful. Forests inexhaus
tible internal wealth abundant, and
territory enough to support .one million
inhabitants and we have at present
only about one hundred and twenty
thousand. And why are there no more
people in such a delightful country ?
First, because the country has been
misrepresented by her rival sister which
o nt tha firef cto rt horanaA rrrs .1 w a a fircf.
discovered within her borders. Second
ly, before the Overland R. R. was built,
this country was comparatively isolated,
and the cost of coming here was enor
mous. The journey was a long and
tedious one, and attended with many
hardships and even dangers ; but now
that we are bound to the East with al
most unbroken bands of iron, the journ
ey becomes safe, easy, short and com
paratively cheap. Third, because the
people in this country heretofore have
1 taken but little pains to let the world
J know what a country they possessed.
Some may wish to know if there is any
vacant land here yet. I answer yes.
There is enough land, within 25 miles of
this place, along the banks of the Skip
penow, Lewis and Clarke; Young's,
Elaskamine, Walluska, Gray's River,
Deep and Chinook Rivers tributaries
of the Columbia for 500 Homesteads,
and 30 miles from here, in the Ne-ha-lem
Valley, is room for 500 more. The
land is as good .s the land along the
Miami, Whitewater, Greensfork, or
Wabash, and will take as much work to
clear it, but then the timber is ready
sale, for cash, in shape of saw-logs,
wood, shingles, &c. But no one that is
afraid of work need come, we wont bone
and muscle, we have enough drones.
To those tuat will work, there is plenty
of roorr nd a splendid opening.
' I. W. Cask.
COLFAX ON GRANT.
The Vice President's Estimate of the Presi
Prom the Independent.
Standing on tho threshold of ihe new
year, with ten months of the admin
istration of President Grant before the
country and the world, it is a fitting
time to consider the present condition
of affairs, and to contrast it with March
last, when he took the solemn oath that
invested him with the power conferred
on him by the popular vote. ;
Economy. In every branch of tho
public 'service his orders initiated re
trenchments, which have been and are
being carried out with zeal and fidelity.
Useless offices have been discontinued ;
the clerical force in the departments has
been largely decreased ; the ; rmy was
promptly reduced ; very many ot the
surplus military officers, resulting form
the reorganization of the regiments,havc
been ordered into service as Indian
age-US, thus saving the salaries of equal
number of civilan3; and unnecessary
appropriation have not been used.
Honest Collections. With taxation
dimminished from last year, the revenue
has already increased abating the dis
content which always exists when the
-honest tax-payer is compelled to bear
his own burden, and the burden that
fall on the dishonest tax-payer besides.
Rings. With this increased efficiency
and vigilance on the part of the revenue
officers, the whisky ring, once so wide
-spreading and powerful, no longer ex
ists in an organized capacity anywhere
in our cities or throughout the land.
And the gold ring, which caused such
wild excitement a few months ago, felt
the power of the President and his Fi
nancial"" Secretary at a timely moment,
so that it has not since shown signs of
life or action.
The Debt Month by month the peo
ple have witnessed with intense satisfac
tion the steady reduction of the Nation
al Debt. The monthly bulletins of the
Treasury Dept. have been successive
campaign documents in favor of the
Administration ; and, when the year ex
pires, over one-twentieth of the bond
debt will be paid.
Gold. Stea lily with the exception al
ready alluded to, the premium on gold
has declined ; not by any extraordinary
attempt by theAdministration to force or
hasten the resumption of specie pay
ment, but by the improved credit of the
nation reacting upon it. Already the
narrow margin between the premium on
gold and the selling price of our bonds
points unmistakably to the nearness of
timewhen the debt can be funded at at
a much lower rate of interest, enabling
the country, in connection with other
savings, to dispense with scores of mil
lions of dollars of taxation.
Pardons Instead of the daily release
of convicted offenders against the laws,
the exercise of Executive clemency has
been confined within proper and healthy
restrictions; alike just to the criminal
and the country be has wronged.
Public Officers. Whatever discon
tents there may have been, as to this or
iMa. appointment no fair man can deny
that, as a whole the nation has never had
a better array of officers. If the Presi
dent could possibly have been guided
by unerring inspiration, all would not
have been satisfied with his choice; for.
even if a dozen applicants were thoro'ly
qualified, but one could be selected, and
eleven with their friends dissatisfied,
And, as no Congressman will deny that
he has sometimes made mistakes in se
lections in hi3 own district, where he
knows personally so many of bis con
stituents, how could any President be
infallible when he must depend for
knowledge as to a very large number of
applicants on the recommendations of
Reconstruction. By the prompt and
judicious action of the President, under
the large authority given to him last
April, in the closing hours of first ses
sion of the Forty-first Congress.the work
of reconstruction draws rapidly to its
close, and before 'he resurrection of
spring gladdens our hearts, we may
hope to sec every States iu ihe Union
fuliy represented in the National Coun
cils. The Indians Under the President's
firm but human policy, there have been
fewer Indian outrages an 1 outbreaks
between the Mississippi and the Sierras
than during any year sincel863. Peace to
the frontier settlements is a boon whose
blessings and joy. few can adeauatelv
Caste. In nothing has the Adminis
tration been more positive and out
spoken than in the advocacy of Fifteenth
.amendment, irom the day that it was
recommended in the Inaugural to the
present hour, when its final ratification
seems so near at hand. And before its
formal adoption, the President has illus
trated his belief in its justice by ap
pointing to office of both higher and
lower degree, many whose race and col
or, irrespective of their intelectual quali
fications, had previously placed them
under the ban of official ostracism.
The following terse and emphatic re
mans oi tue rresident to Attorney Gen
eral Hoar, and quoted by the latter at
the recent New England dinner in New
York, is worthy to be printed in letters
of gold :
"I hope to see the time a hen erery man in this
country may have the cower to exoresa his own
opinion, to follow whom he pleases, to Tote as he
likes, and to have his Tote counted, without moles-
iauuo, or ninarance, or msult. It we can only unito
' uiutiuiu(; moil's iaiw ana credit, our political
diOor,nces will not be much account."
The Alabama Claims. The brief but
pointed allusions in the President's mes
sage to "the only grave question which
tho United States have with any foreign
nation" must be fresh in the memory of
all. And also this emphatic sentence:
"A sensitive people, conscious of their power, are
more at ease under a great wronir, wholly unatoned
then under the restrant of a settlement which satis
fies neither their idea of justice dot grave sense of
If any amplication of the ground on
which the nation stands on this question
was needed, the masterly and unanswer
able argument of Secretary Fish, recent
ly puplished, investing as it does with
new interest a theme so elaborately ar
gued heretofore, shows how faithfully
the Administration is vindicating "rights
dignity ,and honor" of the United States.
Cuba. The President's sympathies
with "all people struggling for liberty
and self-government" are frankly sta'.ed '
in his message. But, thus openly ex
pressing them, he as frankly declares
that, "no matter how unpleasant the
task," he has endeavord to execute our
neutrality law in good faith. On the
main subject he has apoke :
"The people and Government of the United States
entertais the same warm feelings and sympathies
for the people of Cuba in their pending struggle that
they manifested throughout the previous struggles
between Spain and other colonies in behalf of the
latter; but tae contest at one time assumed the con
ditions which amount to a war in the sense of Inter
national law, or which wonld show the existence of a
de facto political orgoization of the insurgents suf
ficient to justify a recoguation of belligerency."
And he adds. "Our course thall al
ways be in conformity with strict justice
and law. international and local,'' which
none of those criticising him can deny.
The President believes, as his whole
message proves, in the Gold e a Rule for
nation as well as individuals. -Whatever
our sympathies may be, he holds ,
that we should act towards others exact
ly as we would have had others act
toward us during our recent struggle
for national existence, or as we would
have them act hereafter if unhappily an
other dark cloud of civil war should
ever oveshadow our, land. But while
thus preforming "the unpleasant task,"
he submits the whole matter to Congress
which represents the ; people, and fresh
from their midst, is certainly a proper
arbiter one question that might evenu
ate a in war with a foreign power and its,
possible allies, and the increased j debt,
and taxes, diminished commerce, and
renewed bloodshed that might result, if
recognition was not Jnstifiid by the. in
ternational law, whose , infraction by
others in our ewn case we. have so pub
licly and emphatically condemned at the
bsrofthe civilized world. It is a re
markable coincidence that, while the
President was writing his message,
Cespedes, the President of what I hope
is yet to be Free Cuba, on the 30th of
November, wrote in his proclaimation a3
"Perhaps it is just that the Adminis
tration of Washington Government
should delay recognizing us until Con
gress shall have met."
This brief and dispassionate retros
pect might bo extended ; but enough
has been written to prove that the Ad
ministration fully deserves the popular
confidence it lias won.
Divorce Statistics in Various Slates The
East not BInmele,ss.
From the Baltimore 'Sun'.
The frequency of divorce, a subject
which has been again raised, in conncc
tion with tho laic miserable Richardson
affair in New York, is a greater scandal
and peril to this country than Morraan
i3m, which is mostly a local nuisance,
and practically outside of tho social in
fluences of our country. The article of
President Woalsey, of Yale College, on
Divorce Legislation i.i the United
States,' to which we some time ago re
ferred, contains startling facts.which de
serve to be. repeated and urged upon
the consideration of all good citizens.
The article is based on a careful exam
ination of the statistics of twentv-three
States, including nearly all, the older
ones, lne causes ot divorce are civen
in the various reports presented to the
Legislatures. In Vermont, out of 571
divorces in five yoar3,there were for au
dultery, 164; willful desertion, 188; de
sertion, 60; intolerable sevority,126; for
refusal to support, 13; with twenty oth
ers, in most of which more causes than
one are mentioned. In Massachusetts,
out of 1,294 divorces granted in about
five years, there were for adultery, 546.
or 42.3 per cent ; for desertion, 589, or
45 6 per cent.; for cruelty, 122, or 9.4
percent.; lo for intemperance, and 21
miscellaneous. Here the large ratio for
adultery is startling1. Can this repre
sent the real state of the case? In Ohio,
out of 2,681 cases of which the causes
are particulary assigned, there were
granted for adultry 335; for absence
and neelect 1,030; for cruelty, 440; for
intemperance 196. Of the origin of the
applicants for divorce we have no items
furnished us, save that in Onio, the
counties where the Catholics form a con
siderable part of the population fell be
low the ratio, while the 'Western Re
serve counties have a mucn larger
proportion of divorces than the rest of
the State. " -These counties are com
posed, of the Simon Pures of the Puri
tan atock, and the leaders in all manner
of isms. In Vermont the ratio of an
nual divorces to annual marriages foots
up for seven years a total of 730 divor
ces to 15,710 marriares, or a ratio of 1
to 21. In Massachusetts for a period of
four years, there was a total of 1,022 di
vorces to 45,372 marriages, a ratio of 1
to 44. In Ohio, iu 18G6, the .divorces
were 1,169; marriages, 30,479, or a ra
tio of 1 to 26. Iu Connecticut, in a
period of eight years, the divorces foot;
up 2,910; marriages, 33,227, a ratio of 1
to 11. From Prussia wc have some ma
tierials for instituting a comparison be
tween that country oi loose divorce laws
and the States named above. Wc ex
clude the Catholic population, which
can not be done with accuracy in the
States, and thus the story the tables tell
is unfairly in favor of the latter. For
instance, in Connecticut, where the
whole number of marriages were 4,978
in 1866, marriages in which both parties
were of foreign birth were 1,208, Now,
of these it is safe to say that two thirds
say 800, wejre Catholics, who rarely peti
tion for divorce in that State. Deduct
ing them, we have lh-3 ratio of one di
vorce to less ' than eight and a half bo
called Protestant, or rather non Catho-
ic marriages.' Prussia in 1855, Marria
ges of non-CathoHes, 84,914; divorce,
2,937; ratio 1 to 23. These statistics go
to show that bad ss the West is in the
facilities it affords for divorce, it has re
ceived rather more than its share of od
ium. There is a general looseness on
this subject in the legislation of most of
the States, which is discre jitabie to us
as a civilized people, and inimical to tho
happiness and virtue of society .
Putxaan's Magazine, 1870.
Putman Magazine Company.
Among Ihe Shareholders are Mr. W. Ccllen
Bkyakt and several practical business men.
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- After the two vacancies in tha Supremo
Court shall have been filled there will be left
only Judges Nelson and Clifford as represents
tivesof the epoch of Taney and McLean. The
majority of the Court will concur in support
ing the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amend
ments, and the Fifteenth. also, should it be ad
opted. It is rumored that Jul ge Nelson will
soon follow the example of his old associate.
Judge Urier, whoso resignation will take effect
on the first of February. - -"
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