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7 .Aw V: I 1 lilll'IIJlllllll. rUSLUHBO BVIRT BATVRDAT, IT B . AV. DAVIS HOLLOWAV 4c DAVIS, Proprietor. terms: One yrar, in advance Six months " , Three months , 1 50 75 iO T HE KIDNEYS. The Kidneys are two in uumber, situated at the tipper part of the loin, surrounded by fat, an l consisting of three parts, viz : the Anterior, the Interior, and the Exterior. The anterior absorbs. Interior consists of tissue ox veins, which serve as a deposit for tbe urine sod convey it to the exterior. The exterior ia a conductor also, terminating in a aitigl9 tube, and called the U terus. The ute rus are connected with the bladder. fp The bladder is composed of various cover sings orf tissues, divided into part?, riz : tbe pejr, thi Lower, the Nervous, and tbe M u- fisT The upper expels, the lower retains. ea -.'"Many have a deire to urinate without the ability ; o.bers urinate without tbe ability to retain. This frequently occurs in cbildren. To cure tbe'e affections, we must brinjr in to action the muscels, which are engaged in their various functious. If they are neglect ed, Gravel or Dropsy may ensue. The reader must also be made aware, that however slight may be tbe attack, it is sure to affect the bodily health and mental powers, as our flesh and blood are supported from these sources. Qout, or Rheumatism. Pain occuring in the loins is indicative of the above diseases. They occur in persons disposed to acid stomach and chalky concre tions. The Gravel. The gravel endues from neglect or improp er treatment of the kidneys. These organs being weak, the water is not expelled from the b'adder. but allowed to remain ; it be comes feverish, and sediment forms. It is from this deposit that the stone is formed, and gravel ensues. Dropsy Is a collection ot water in some parts of the body, and bears different names, according to the parts affected, n.: when generally dif fused over th body, '! is called Anasarca ; when of the abdomen, Ascitej ; when of the chest, Eydrothorax. Treatment. Helmbold's highly concentrated compound Extract Buchu is decidedly one of tbe BEST REMEDIES For diseases of the bladder, kidneys, gravel, dropsical swellings, rheumatism, and gouty affections. Under this head we have arrang ed Dvsuria, or difficulty and pa if. in passing water, Scanty Secretion, or small and fre quent discharges of water; Strangury, or stopping of water ; Hematuria, or bloody urine ; Gout and Rheumatism of the kidneys, without any change in quantity, but increase in color, or dark water. It yas always highly recommended by tbe late Dr. Physick, in these affections. THIS MEDICINE INCREASES The power of digestion, and excites the ab sorbents into healthy exercise by which the watery or calcareous depositions, and all un natural enlargements, as well as pain and inflammation, are reduced, and it is taken by men, women, and children. Directions for use and diet accompany. Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 25, 1867. H. T. IIilvbold, Druggist : Dbib Sit I have been a sufferer, for up ward ' twenty years, with gravel, bladder, and kidney affections, during which time 1 hare used various medicinal preparations, and been under the treatment of the most eminent Physicians, experiencing but little relief. . Hiving aeen your preparations extensively advertised, I consulted with mv family phys ician in regtid to using your Exiract Buchu. 1 did thisbecauae I had used all kinds of advertised remedies, and had found them wotthless, and, some quite injurious . in fact, I depird of ever getting well, and determ ined to us no remedies hereafter unless I knew of the ingredients. It was this that prompted me to use your remedy. As you advertised that it was con-posed of buchu, cubebs, and juniper berries, it occurred to me and my physician as an excellent combina tion, and, with his advice, after an exanvna tion of the article, and consulting again with the druggist, I concluded to try it. I com menced its use about eizht months ago, at which time I was confined to my room. From tbe first bottle I was astonished and gratified at the beneficial effect, and After using it t iree weeks, was able to walk out. I felt much like wntiDg you a full statement of my case at that time, but thought my improvement might only be temporary, and therefore con cluded to defer and ee if it would effect a perfect cure, knowing then it would be of greater value to you, and more satisfactory to me. Jam now able to report that a cure is effec ted after using tbe remedy for five months. J have not ued any now for three months, and feel as well in all respects as I ever did. Your Buchu being devoid of any unpleas ant taste and odor, a nice tonic and invigora tor of tbe system, I do not mean to be with out it whenever occasion may require its use n Such affections. m. Mccormick. Should any doubt Mr. McUormick's state ment, he refers to the following gentlemen : Hon. Wk. tfiOLSR, Ex-Goveenor, Pennsylvania. Hon. Thos. B. Florence, Philadelphia. Hon. J. C. Knox, Ju e, Philadelphia. Hon. J. S. black, Judge, Philadelphia. Hon.D. R. Pokter, Ex-Governor, Pennsylvania Hon. Ellis Levis, Judsre, Philadelphia. Hon. R. C. (Jrikk, Judge, United States Court. Hon. G. VV. Woodward, Judge, Philadelphia. Hon. W. A. Porter, City Solicitor, Philadelphia. Hon. John Hiolek, Ex-Governor, California. IIon.E. Banks, Auditor General, Washington, D. And many others, if necessary. Sold by Druggists and Dealer everywhere. Beware of counterfeits. Ask for Helmbold's Take no other. Price $1-25 Per Bottle, OR SIX 110 -i 1XE3 fOR 6. Delivered to any address. Describe symp toms la all communications. drerf H. T. IIELMUOLD. Drug ar 1 , Cajmial Warehouse, 5i4 Broad way, N. 1 . -iTOSE ARE GENUINE UNLESS DON : ik up in Steel-engraved Wrapper, With fac-simile of my Chemical YFarehous , and signed H. t. helmbold: nU-Iy llljj VOL.. XI,- aooflancTs German Bit ters, Joofland's German Ton ic, 3oofland's Podophyllin Fill, aoofland's Greek Oil. Hoofland's German Bitters. A BITTKK3 WITHOUT ALCOHOL CK 6FIBITS 0F ANY KINO, Is different from all others. It is composed of the pure juices or vital principle or Roots, Herbs and Barks for as medicinally termed, extracts), the worthless or inert por tions of the ingredients not being used. Therefore, in one bottle of this Bitters there is contained as much medicinal virtue as will be found in several gallons ot ordinary mix tures. The Roots, Ac, used in this Bitters are grown in Germany, their vital principles extracted in that country by a scientific Chemist and forwarded to the manufactory in this city, where they are compounded and bottled. Containing no spirituous ingredi ents, this Bitters is free from the objections urged against all others ; no des'ue for stim ulants can be induced from their use, they cannot make drunkards, and cannot, under any circumstances, have auy but a beneficial effect. Hoofland's German Tonic Was compounded' for those not inclined to extreme bitters, and is intended for use in caoes when some alcoholic stimulant is re quired in connection with the Tonic proper ties of the Bitters. Each bottle of the Tod ic contains one bottle of the Bitters, combined with pure Santa Carz Rum. and flavored in such a manner that the extreme bitterness of the Bitters is overcome, forming a prepara tion highly agreeable and pleasant to tbe pal ate, and containing the medicinal virtues of the Bitters. Tbe price ot the Ionic is $1.50 per bottle, which manv persons think too high. They must ake into consideration that the stimulant used is guaranteed to be of a pare quality. A poor article could be fur nished at a cl-eaper price, but is it not better to pay a little more and have a good article ? A medicinal preparation should contain none but tbe best ingredients, and they who ex pect to obtain a cheap compound "will most ( certainly be cheated. They are the Clrentest known Iteiu- For UVEP- COMPLAINT, DY SPKPSIA, NERVOCrt DEBILITY, JAUNDICE, DISEASE OF TUK KIDNEYS, ERUPTIONS OF THE SKIN, and all diseases arising from a Disordered Liver, Stomach. r IM PURITY of tho BLOOD. Read the fallowing symptom!, : Constipation, Flatulence, Inward Piles Fullness of Blood to the Head, acidity of the Stomach, Nausea, Heart-burn, Oisgust for Food, Fulness or Weight in the Stomach, Soar Eructations, Sinking or Fluttering at the Pit of the Stomach, Swimming of. the Head, Hurried or Difficult Breathing, Flutter ing at the Heart, Choking or Suffocating Sen sations when in a Lying Posture. Dimness ot Vi-ion, Dots or Webs before the Sight, Dull Pain in the Head. Deficiency of Perspiration, t Yellowness of the Skin and Eyes, Pain in 1 the Side, Back, Chest, Loins, Ac., Suddeu I Flushes ol Heat, Burning in the Flesh. Con stant imaginings of Evil, and Great Depres I sion of Spirits. All these indicate Disease of the Liver, or Digestive Organs combined with impure blood. The use of the Bitters or Tonic will soot cause the above symptoms to disappea.. ,r; -1 the patient will become well and healthy. Dr. Hoofland's Greek Oil, Lightning: Cure for all kinds of Pains and Aches. Applisu Externally. It will cure all kinds of Pains and Aches, soch as Rheuma tism, Neuralgia, Toothache, Chilblains, Frost Bites, Sprains, Bruises, Headachas, Pains in the Back and Loins, Pains in the Back and Loins, Pains in the Joints or Limbs, Stings of Insects. Ringworms, etc. Taken Iktfrsallt. It will cure Kidney Complaints, Buckaches, Sick Headache, Colic, Dysentery, Diarrhoea, Cholera Infantum, Cholera Morbus, Cramds and Pains in the Stomach, Fever and Ague, Coughs, Colds Asthma, etc. Dr. Hoofland's Podophyllin, OR SUBSTITUTE FOR MERCURY PILL. TWO TILLS A DOSE. The mott powerful, yet innocent, Vegetable Ca thartic known. It is not necessary to take a handful ol these Pills to produce the desired ellect ; two of them act quickly and powerfully, cleans ing the Liver, Stomach, and Bowels of all impurities. The principal ingredient is Pod ophyllin, or the Alcoholic Extract of Man drake, which is by many times more Power ful, Acting, and Searching, than the Mandrnke itself. Its peculiar action is upon the Liver, cleansing it speedily from all obstructions, with all the power 01 Meicury, yet free from the injurious rc&ults attached to the use of that mineral. For alt diseases, in which a cathartic is in dicated, these Pills will give entire satisfac lion in every case. 1 hey ner-r fail. In cases ot Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, and extreme Costiveness, Dr. Hoofland' Ger man Bitters or T nic should bo usd in con nection with the Piils. The tonic effect cf the Bitters or Tonic builds up the system. The Bitters or Tonic purifies the Blood, strengthens the nerves, regulate the Liver, and jtives strength, energy, and vigor. Keep your Bowels active with the Pills, and tone up the system with Bitters or Tonic, and no disease can retain its hold, or ever as sail you. These medicines are sold by all Druggists and dealers in medicines everywhere. . Recollect that it ia Dr. Hoofland's Ger man Remedies, that are so universally used and highlr recommended ; and do not allow the Druggist to induce you to take anything else that be may say is just as good, because be makes a lirger profit on it. These Rem ediei will be ent by Express to any locality, upon application to the PRINCIPAL OFFICE, at the GERMAN MEDICINE STORE, 631 ARCH STREET, PHILADELPHIA. CHAD. M- EVANS, Proprietor. Formrrly C. M. JACKSON A, CO. Thete Remedies are for Sale by DruggUU Storekeeper, and Metttcine Dealer, every wher throughout the United Statce, Cunadas, South America, and the Wet Indie. nSHMCttlES MC HMOND BE JUST AND FEAR NOT: RICHMOND - Adjourned Session of Court. State of Indian, Wayne county, ss. PURSUANT to an Order of the Wayne Civil Circuit Court, there will be an ad journed session of the August Term, A. D. 1870, of said Court' held at the Court House in tbe town of Centreville, ia said county, commencing on tbe second Monday in Novem ber, 1870, the same being tho 14th day of No vember, A. D, 1870, for the purpose of dispo sing of unfinished business upon the Docket ot the August Term, 180, of said C"urt. All persons in teiested will therefor? take notice, and be governed accordingly. T''T Witness my name and the Seal of iZZn said Court, at Centerville, this 8th day of August, 1870. W. W. Dudley, 30tcc Clerk. State of Indiana, Wayne County, Delilah Long. vs. Peter Long. In the Wayne Common Pleas Court, January Term, A. D. 1871, DIVORCE: No. 4311. Be it known, that, on the 25th day of October, 1870, the above named plaintiff, by Peelle A Fox, Attorneys, fi'sd in the office of the Clerk of the Wayne Common Pleas Court, her com plaint against said drfendant in the above en titled caue, together with the affidavit of a competent person that said defendant, Peter Long, is not a resident of the State of Indi ana, faid defendant, Peter Long, therefore is hereby notified of the filing and pendency of said complaint against him, and that, un less he appear and answer or demur thereto, at the calling of the said cause, on the second day of the next Term of said Court, to be be gun and held at tbe Court House in Centre ville, on the First Monday of January next, said complaint and the matters and things thereto contained and alleged, will be taken as true and the said cause will be heard and de termined in his absence. Witness Wm. W. Dudley. Clerk, and seal. Seal of said Court, at Centreville, this 25th day of Oct., l87o. WM. W. DUDLEY, Clerk. Peelle A Fox, Att'ys ol Plfff. 18-3tpf State of Indiana, ss. Wayne County, Alfred Laahler vs. John Kepler, Al fred Cunningham, Sarah E. Can ningf arn, Robert T. McCIure. and Sarah J. MCIure: In the Wayne Common Pleas Courl, January Term, A. D.,1S71. OX NOTE: o. 4509. Be it known, that, on this 22d day of October, 1870, the above named Plaintiff, by Peelle A Fox, Att'jrntys, filed in the office of the Clerk of the Wayne Common Pleis Court, his com plaint against said -defendants in the above entitled cause, together with the affidavit of a competent person that said defendants, Rob't T. McCIure, and Sarah J. McCIure, are not residents of the State of Indiana. Said de fendants, Robert J. McCIure and Sarah J. McCIure, therefore are hereby no'ified of the filing and pendency of said complaint against them and that, u 11 'ess they rppear and an swer or demur thereto, at the oalling of the said cause on the second day of the next term of said Court, to be besrun and held at the Court House in Centreville, on tbe first Mon day in January next, said complaint and the matters and things therein contained and al leged, will be taken as true, and the said cause will be heard and determined in their absence. Witness: Wm. W. Dudley, Clerk, and (seal) the Seal of said Court, at Centreville, this 22d day of October, 1870. WM. W. DUDLEY", Clerk. PeeleA Fox, Atty's of PIVff. 34:4w9 Precept. Ofhce of City Treasuter.) Oct. 31, IS70. JOTICE. In compliance with a Precept issued to me by the Citv Council, dated the 4th day of August, 1870, against the fol lowing described Real Estate, to-wit: On the East side of North Fifth Street, 45 feet of Let No. ll-, in Charles W. Starr's Addition to the City of Richmond, Wayne county, Indiana; the same being in the name of William S. Watt. Said Preoept having been issued for the collection ot an estima'e made by the City Civil Engineer, dated the 15th day ot Nov., 1869, in tavor of the city of Richmond, as p?r Report of tbe Street Commissioner of said City, for the improvement of the side walk in front of said Lnt No. 112, North Fifth Street, amounting to Fifty-five Dollars and Fifty-three Cents ($55 53); all of which hav ing been done according to law by said Street Commissioner. Now, I, William P. Wilson. Treasurer of said City, eive notice that I will sell the above described Real Estate at the door of the Coun cil Chamber, On the 23th Day of November. 18TO, Between the hour of 10 o'clock, A. M. and 4 o'clock, P. M. of said day. if the nm, with all tbe coats and interest, are not paid before that time. WILLIAM P. WILSON, Nov. 6, 1870. 34-3w$6 Treasurer. Precept. Office of City Treasnver.) Oct. 21t, isio. f "JfOTICE In compliance with a Precept issued to me by the City Council, dated the 4th day of August, 1870, aga nst the fol lowing described Real Estate, to-wit: On the East side of North Fifth Street, Lot No. 134, in Charles W. Starr's Addition to the City of Richmond, Ind., tie same being in the name of David S. Horney. Said Precept having been issued for the col lection of an estimate made by the Citv Civil Engineer, dated the 1st day of November, 13 69, in favorrf the City. of Richmond, as per Report of the Street Commissioner of said City, for tbe improvement of the side-walk in frout of said Lot No. 134, North Fifth Street, amounting to One Hundred and Fortv-Eight Dollars and Sixty-four Cents ($14S,fi4;; all of which work having been done according to law, by said Street Commissioner. Now, I, William P. Wilson, Treasurer of said city, give notice that I w ill sell the above described Real Estate, a the door of the Council Chamber, On the 87th Oay ot November, 1STO, Berween the hours of 10 o'clock, A. M. and 4 o'clock, P. M., of said day, if the same, with all the costs and interest, are not paid before thai time. WILLIAM P. WILSON, Nov. 5, 1870. 34 3wf 9 Treasurer. ESTATE OF DANIEL SIIEIBLE. Notice is hereby given, that James Per ry, Administrator of said Estate, has this day filed bis petition to settle said Estate as insolvent. Creditors are therefore notified that said petition will be heard and determin ed at the January Term, 1871, at the Wayne Court of Common Pleas. Witness my name and the Seal of said (sbl) Curt, at Centreville, this 1st day of ' November, 1870. Nov. 5, 1S7U. W . W. DUDLEY, CUik- Notice to Heirs, Of Petition to Sell Itcnl Estate. fcTA IH UK INDIANA, Wayne county. Court of Common Pleas. Notice is here by given, that Sarah T. Mendenhall, Admin istrator of tae Estate of James R. Menden hall, deceased, has filed her petition to sell the Real Estate of tbe dece leLt, bis personal being insufficient to pay his debts; and that said petition will be heard at the next term of the Court of Common Pleas of said county. Attest: W. W. DUDLEY, C. C. P., Nov. 5, 1870. 31:3tt3 Wajn c: LET ALL THE ENDS THOU AIM'ST AT, BE THY GOD'S, WAYNE COUNTY, INH. NOV. OUR SATURDAY NIGHT. 'Who do we Live For ! One by one the weeks go home and the night of rest comes. We have seen them go by our windows to-night with their wages in their pockets, for Saturday night has once more marked the expiring ef fort of the week to reach beyond its boundary of time. There went by stroflg, stout, earnest men, homely clad, - but honest-faced and good. Men who live by toil who love their homes and the ones there wailing their coming. And glad will the home ones be this night, when the bus band and father can be with his dear cnes and and the rest he so needs. And as these workers passed by, there were in the crowd idlers clad in rich apparel. Thieves, in their bandbox attire, to catch the eye and bewilder the brain of weak, silly girls and women, who live only for style and adventure. Men of wealth, satisfied with their profits, and hurrying home to the banquet table and carousal. And there were poor girls going home from work-shops, after earning a few shillings or a few dollars a week. Looking out we saw a crowd of people. Each person with an indi viduality each one with aims, hopes, thoughts, desires, passions, ha.es, loves, uppetiies, duties, doubts, fears trials, joys, disap pointments, perplexities, specula tions, surmisings, misgivings, and separate tastes. How little one person amounts to as he walks the shore of the ocean what an icfi nitesinial atom each of us all is, as cotopared to the whole ! We saw forms and faces passiu by we never shall see again ! Men we look upon but once in a life time ; then Ihey pass on to their work, as we do to ours. They do not know who we are we do not know who they are. They are go ing to their life to their death, as we are. They cannot answer for us, nor can we answer for them. A passing glimpse a glance they are gone from us. We look day after day to see the thousands come and go. They appear they fade sway others do likewise ; all too full of their own cares to bother with us or ours. Some of them may like us and some may not. One may wish us to do this and another to do that. And in doing as others wish us to, with no mind of our own, our life would be frittered away till we too be left a wreck on the wondrous shore, of no use in the beautiful hereafter. And so we sat and thought. How many of all who pass care for us ? What sense to bend our ideas and crawl under bars the passing crowd puts up for ethers, not for them selves ? Suppose we do this or do that, as a few here or a few there may suggest or dictate. We have no right to dictate to others. They are as we are individuals. It is none of our business if he does that, or if she does this, except in the general line of honesty and non-interference with the rights of others. That man has a right to walk or to ride. To work or to rest. To wear this or wear that. To like us or dislike us. If he likes us for what we are in aid of ourself, we know he is a friend and so we love him. If he likes us only for our Willingness to warp ourself to his ideas, which may be right or wrong, then he is not a friend of ours, only to himself. If he gives us the same right to Uiink, to act, to live, as we concede the right of self government to him, he is indeed our friend, and we love him with a! miration. What if he likes this person or that one ? It is none of our busi nes3, so long as he likes us. What if he likes no one? None of our business. We are not justified in binding others to our will and say ing to those who are monarchs with us, do this, and do that, or we separate, no more to be friends. By the laws of God we are en titled to life, to liberty, to happi ness. Our duty is to so live us to secure the most happiness, and no other person than ourself is to be ibo judge. It is our duty to study the road to happiness, and walk therein. If our happiness is in business, so be it. None should say nay. If it is in the society of one or ones we love, whose busi ness is it other than those immedi ately interested ? If we are happy PA and contented in a city, so be it if in the country, eo much the bet ter for here is the greater chance for happiness and longevity. If we are happy ia doing good in working to win men from dissipa tion to a care for their manhood from the gutter to the parlor from tbe soup-house to a dining room of their own from a life of idleness to one of useful labor, let us so la bor, and let those who do not like our way, or manner, or mode of life, or style of speech, or pecu liarity of ideas, or choice of friends, go and do different, for they have the same right to follow our example or to ignore it as we Live to pattern or not: pattern by them. All these persons come and go. They meet us once, or more, and are gone. Our allegiance is not to them, but to that great princi ple of independent manhood so few ever dream of. We must not try to please too many. If wo can please and make happy even one person other than ourself, we do more than does one in fifty. Too often we look this way to see this, that way to see that another way to see these and yonder to see something else, till we see nothing. As we strive to please first this cne, then that, then another, in stead of even one who in turn would please, care for, and make us happy all. the time fearing what this one will think, or that one will say. As if it would make a difference with Him who knoweth all things, what any one thinks or ays. Those who live to 'their own ideas are the happiest( as those appear best in society who wear their own -garments. The ones who really enjoy life are those who walk proudly independent of all save the mercies of God and the love of eome chosen one. Those who thus live are the happiest, for they are so loved and guided by the spirits of those who watch over them by Divine appointment, that tbey walk where others creep run where others fall, and truly live where others only exist. Do you know one thing ? That is of the life beyond our final Saturday Night. If not, we will tell you, for to night we are to write thus to open with the point of pen a lit tle place through which those who would may look, and know as we know. We so all differ in the continua tion of our life over there, from our life here, so much ! Now we are wrapped.encoffined in intellect and knowledge of those great truths which so fill the minds of the ig norant with fe3r, but which make those who have been givpn lieht such a joyous promise for the fu ture. Now we are shrunken in our ideas, ignorant except by in spiration, of that knowledge which will some day be given those who are purified by the fire of heart sorrow and ennobled by success ful smuggling for the right. In the grand and glorious Eter nnm, the confines of which the mind's eye of those who -dare be lieve here will eventually reach, we shall be greater and more pow erful than here, as we shall be happier. We shall be greater as we shall expand in ideas in liberality- in noble sentiments and disposition, not only to reach out for knowl edge, but our willingness to be guided by those to whom the way has been made so plain there is no mistake possible when it comes to choosing between the roads. With this outbuilding of the soul or mind will come more greatness than mortals dream of, except in rare instances. This much for ex pansion of intellect. To us the future is no sealed book. We know not its work in detail, but enough to look for our final Saturday Night with not a feeling of dread, for Over There we shall work, and shall win, and shall rest with that other part of ourself, as we all have counter parts or loves, united as but few dream of on earth. And we shall be happier by con centration of tbe heart. It is not the literal "having no other God but me," but tho having but one object for the heart to rest wiin other than the real power of love which gives happiness, as ambition, protected by earnest affection gives expansion to the intellect. Those who work here for a great purpose will Over There reap a great reward. And so, what mat ters it to us what the parsing LLADIU THY COUNTRY'S AND TRUTH'S!' 5 1870. throng may think ? We are not accountable to the creature, but to tbe Creator. We cannot say they must do this or do that, but we can tell them wherein is our happiness, and how each week gives us proof that we are on the right road, and each day more and more able to live and to work the better for the preservation of our own manhood, and the respect of those who dare think well of a man for being him self rather than a remnant of oth ers, living to no purpose, other than to gratify self. But the week has nearly gone. The hands on the watch face be fore U9 point to within an hour of midnight. One hour in which to visit a tenement-house a lew blocks j away, and perhaps do some little good then for our rest, this beau Uiful Saturday Night. Brick " Pom buoy. MR. LINCOLN'S PETITIONERS. i A Record from the Executive Chamber. An Extract fromPulman's for November. It was the custom of Mr. Lin coln, during the later years of the rebellion, to hear petitions, at cer tain hours of the day, from all who chose to present them to him tho formality of an introduction from some Member of Congress being the condition on which they enter the Executive Chamber. The writer of this record plea ded for the discharge from mili tary service of a brother who had entered the army at fifteen years of age. The petition was granted, and the President kindly asked if he could do anything more for her. S'ie asked if she might be pres ent at some of these public inter views, and write no-.es of them for publication. He answered that she could do so: Of many hundred petitions she has selected a few only, and has endeavored to present a faitlilul record of what she actually saw and heard on the occasions de scribed .f All day long President Lincoln had received petitioners, and still they came. He could hear the murmer of voices in the outer rooms, as they were anxious to be admitted; and yet he must rest for a few moments. 'Tad, my dear son, go to your mother; you must be tired here.' 'No, no, papa; I don't want to go now I want to stay and see the people.' And he forced his hands down deep into his pocket?, threw himself on the floor un ler a writing desk which stood near his father, and settling his head on a cushion, continued: 'Ain't you tired of folks, papa?' The little bell which the Presi dent sounded a signal for the doors to be opened remained un runr and he sat with his hands clasped together and his head drooping forward. His little 6on moved softly from the room, returning in a few mo ments with a sad-faced woman who had an infant in her arms. The President motioned her to a chair, and she modestly stated that she had come from a town in the far West to plead for the life of her husband, who was sentenced to die iii six weeks, for desertion. 'He ran away lrom his regiment, then?' 'No, sir, but they think he did.' The President frowned, and shook his head rapidly from side to side. 'Of course, madam, you think that he did not.' Oh, sir! oh! ' And she began to cry aloud, the baby joining the chorus . The President seemed much an noyed, but, turning to her, kindly said: If you can prove to me that your husband did not run away froro, nor desert his regiment, I will have him pardoned. Will you go on with your stoiy, and stop your crying?' 'How kind you are, sir!' A faint smile played upon the President's face, as he answered, 'Please go on with your story.' She told him she woo dangor ously sick, and her husband, hear ing it from a corxrade, went home, about three miles from the camp. The next day he was siezed as a deserter, and dragged away. As soon as she could walk a little, she had gone to the officers to plead for him, but they would not listen to her. She was sick after that long walk, and as soon as she could get up again she had started for Washington. 'It was a long and tiresome jour ney,' he said sympathetically. 'Yes, sir, but someway, I felt, if I could only see yon and tell you, that you would believe my story. I have no letters to speak for me, only this one,' moving her hand toward her pocket. 1 The President shook his head. He was twisting a piece of, paper over and over through his fingers. Lifting his eyes suddenly to her face, he asked: Who ia that letter from?' 'It is 'from a kind minister; I asked him to write it. He said you did not know him, and would in all probability not read the letter; yet, if it would be any comfort to me, he would write it. Let me see it."' As he bent forward to take the letter the infant seized his hand. The President patted the little hands and face, and then leaned toward the light to read. How anxiously the woman watch ed him! Bat his countenance gave no indication of his thoughts. Ha folded the letter carefully; slowly he handed it back again say ing: 'I am satisfied with it. I believe your story. I shall pardon your husband.' The baby looked up steadily at him; the woman arose, as she ex claimed: 'Oh, Mr. President, how can I thank you!' ' Take this note to the War De partment, and they will give you a paper of release for your husbaud from the charge of desertion. It will make your journey home more comfortable. Goodnight.' God bless you!' she answered, and was gone . The President struck tho little bell and a tall usher opened wide the door until the room was filled. Some of these petitioners were in solent beyond human endurance; some were Billy to excess; some were ludicrous in their pompous ness, displaying piles of letters of introduction, which the President would not look at. They would however persist in their endeavors to make him look at such letters from such persons. The President soon became cx aspered, as he listened to one and another. In vain he shook his head and stamped his feet, and brought bis hands violently down upon the table, telling them that he would not acd could not listen to such petitions. They, with an assurance never to be imagined, would still go on. Men with defiant faces, men whining and pleading, and forward somen, grasped his arms to arrest his attention. His patieme with such rudeness was wonderful. If he expressed contempt for affec tations, he also did not forget to respect modesty and real sorrow when he met it. Again the little bell was rung, and again the room was filled. Those who had just gone out mut tered their dislike for the good man who listened from early morn ing until late at night to people of eery grade. Often the President was grave to sadnece. For hours iu scuces sion he expressed no anger, no mirth. Petition after petition was presented in rapid succession. It was the same story of sorrow of fathers, brothers and husbands in prison, each pleading for theirs to be the first released in the exchange of prisoners. Some bad dear ones dying in camp, beyond the lines; they were begging to go to them. Hundreds had made the same re quest. Oh, let us go to them only let us go!' There were bands of poor op pressed sewing-women stating their wrongs. Peace Commission ers and Southern refugees. Many times the President start, ed to go to his private room; but sad faces pressing up the stairway stopped him as he was crossing the hall, and he went back again. Do, kind President grant my request!' The woman's voice was very plaintive, and large tears were fall ing, but she made no sound of cry ing. No, no, I can not. I can not, good woman I can not! I might grant such requests, a thousand a day. I can't turn the Government inside out and upside over. I can't please everybody. I must do my duty stern duty as I see it. No body wants their friends drafted nobody wants them taken as de serters. He should not have been absent so long; he should not have taken upon himself the appearance of a deserter. How do I know how does anybody know how does the War Department know that be did not intend to stay upon the boat where the soldiers found him? How does anybody know that he didn't think about bis fur lough being ended? " Didn't think? That was his business to think. I am sorry. Everybody ought to be sorry for those who do wrong. When he knew the laws why did ho break them? When he knew the penalty, why did be bring it upon himself? Yon plead for him, and tell me how upright he is. That's all very well. It is easy for us to overestimate those we love.' You are his neighbor. It is very kind in you to come so far and plead so strongly; but I can't I can't do anything for you!' Please, President Lincoln!' 'No, no! no! I can't I won't, I won't!' and he sprang to bis feet, but in an instant resumed his for mer position in his chair, and leaned forward to snap the little bell. Oh! oh!' It was a sound of intense grief, disappointment and surprise, all mingled together; ; coming up so from the heart as this peculiar sound did, it arrested the hand upon the bell, lifted the eyes that were growing cold and stern to the pleading face of the woman before him. She had left her chair, and stood so near that her clothes brushed against him. Heavy were the lines upon her -face lines of care and sorrow; earnest wero the tear-dimmed eyes. Do, kipd sir, consider my casa 'a moment more oh, President Lincoln! Remember, you were poor once and and '. Had no friends, do you mean?' he interrupted, almost scornfully. No oh, no! had a few friends tried and true friends, who would never forsake you. Only one of them I know one, who is alike a friend to you and to me . For his sake for our dear Lord's sake grant my petition!' There was a striking solemnity in her whole attitude; and thft President turned very pale, his eyes misty, sad, and then sadder, as he repeated, slowly and rever ently: 'For our dear Lord's sake!' 'Here are three hundred dollars, it was made up by his neighbors' Couldn't you save him from an ig" nominious death, which he does not deserve? no, he does not deserve!' Take back your money!' cried the President, throwing away from him her extended hand. 'Take it back! I do not want it!' Only an instant his hand and voice were raised, and then he re sumed, kindly: I shall not have your money, good woman, the War Department will not have it. Take it back where it came from; and you shall take back his release. Oh, President Lincoln, I believe you are a Christian . I will pray for you every day with my whole heart.' I have need , of your prayers; I have need of all the prayers that are offered for me.' Oh, Mr. Lincoln, that is the Christian spirit that is faith in Jesus! Oh, let rne hear you say that you believe in Him!' I do,' was the solemn answer. I believe in my Savior.' And when she arose to depart, the President also arose and open ed the door for her, and led her through the outer room and across the hall to the head of the stair case, and shook hands, said 'good by,' and went back again to re ceive more and still more petition ers. t The authenticity of tbeso 'notes' is vouched for by the writer, whose good faith is well endorsed. Emerson is not given much to compliment. He says he hates the shallow Americanism which hopes to get rich by credit, to get knowl edge by raps on midnight tables, skill without study, mastery with out apprenticeship,' power through a packed jury or caucus, or wealth by fraud. They think they have got it, but tbey have got some thing else a crime, which calls for another crime, and another devil behind that ; these are steps to suicide, infamy, and the harm ing of mankind. In this life of show, puffing, advertisement, and manufacture of public opinion, all excellence is lost sight of in the hunger for sadden performance and unearned praise. Economy is the. road, to wealth and that can be practiced in buy ing one of James M. Starr's ga toves. With one of those and a cents worth of gas, you can ccoka meal.