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The Richmond palladium. [volume] (Richmond, Ind.) 1855-1875, February 21, 1874, Image 1

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Brad Jun-
11:00 pm.
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7.30 pra .
Noa. 1.2, and 7 ran Pally. All other train
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. NoVKMUMt 8, 1873.
No. 8.
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No. 8 arrive at Htata Um at fc55 p. m. and
No m ttt tka a. m. Nd 1 lMveaClilcaso Dal
ly, except Saturday. N. 10 leave Ktchmond ,
dally.execpt Hundi
ecpt Hunday, and Loftanoport for
daily. No. S leaTea dally, except
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' ' NOTXMBBB Z, 18T8.
No. a.
No. 4.
346 pm
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:26 pm
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No. 1.
No. 6.
No. 7.
1(06 pm
40 pm
8:15 pm
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Dree. Jane.
7:20 pim
2:16 am
Wim. l. a. a and T run Dau
Cincinnati. Noa. 1 and Belly between
Xenla and Dayton. , All other Trains Dally,
Axeeatuaday.. r.B.aift,
- . QctiT Paaaenger and Ttoxet Agent,
. CUB.dk Fa.
sue nesra.
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nhleuro. thrnnsh 1 7900 ami 7M PIU
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rnlnmlini anil WH I 4:911 nmilii:90 Pm
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Tueeday and Kriday. jliMO m 12:30 pm
Un..f .nd vridmr...'. 1 sNaml 7a80 am
Ltkn shore via Wlnene'r, JUaml 0:39 am
Office open from 740 a. ra. to 740 p: m.
On HuaUay, from kuo to iua a. m.
. . M. Pames'ciii.K. a 474, -
40 Park How, New York,
Areacentafofthe Blehmond Palladlam In
that city, and are antuoriaed to contract for
Inserting advertlaementa for oa at lowest
eaah ratee. Advertlfiers In that city are re
quested to leave tarora witn tnem.
Aa Aaaadeaed Brewer jr. ,
John A. Boppe, lieayy , brewer
of lager ia Newark, N. , has aban
doned the badness. His lager has
been famous and it baa brought him
half a million of money. The aban
donment of the business by Mr.
Boppe has caused much pee illation
amoBf his Herman acqnaintances,
and Tarious reasons were tten for
the resolution to which Mr. B. has
come. Among other reasons alleg
ed was that of the influenoe of a re
viral of religion, just now going on
in Newark. But Mr. Boppe says his
action is not the result of religions
excitement, but' of eoarietion ot
duty, Three years since he stopped
drinking beer or any other liquor.
and reflection has convinced that if
lager was hurtful for him it was
hurtful for others, and he ought
not to make it, and so be has stop
ped and he will make no more nor
.am. mm m.
allow tue Duucung to De used for a
brewery. ; '
The tyrannical Legislature of
Maryland is again seeking to inter
fere with the sacred rights of its
citizens. A bill has just been in
troduced to "prevent the carrying
of weapons while attending places
of divine worship!" "There is a
point," "ays the perennial Toombs,
"at which patriotic freemen will
turn upon their oppressors." When
the innocent shot gun and the
cheerful revolver are forbidden in
the churehes of , Maryland, we
should say that point bad been
General Ewing has changed Iiis
mind. He wanted to abandon the
uemocraue organization last year
and lorm a new party. Now he
says that "it would be folly for the
Democratic party to surrender the
field when it is flushed with victory
XI M 1.1 1 . a -,. .
lii turee ui wo greatest DUtteS) in
the Union."
A. P. Lynch, of ShelbyviHe, has
been appointed national bankezami
A Beelaratla af tke Farpeeea af a
I,, fatraaa mf Ilaakaadry. . ,
I The National Grange, at its recent
session at St. Louis, ,unanimoasly
adopted the following platform a 4 the
principles and aims of-, the organiia-
.. ' -' 1 . "'I ...Ii
Profoundly impressed with the truth
that the National Grange of the Uni
ted States should definitely proclaim
to the worki iU, general objects, we
hereby unanimously make this declar
ation of the purposes of the Patrons
of Husbandry.'-1 "''-'f . ;
First United by the strong and
faithful tie of agrioulture, we mutual
ly resolve to labor for the good of our
order, and country, and mankind.'- -
Second- We heartily ' endorse the
motto, "In essentials, unity; iq non
essentials, liberty; in all things, char j
,ty. .. ..
Third We shall endeavor to' ad
vance our cause by laboring to accom
plish the following objects; To devel
op a better and higher manhood and
womanhood among ourselves; to en
hance the comforts and attractions of
our hemes, and strengthen our attach
ments to our pursuits; to toster mutu
al understanding and co-operation; to
stimulate each other to labor to has-
rdssa wla a evjuwl fiaia Amins' sa vrxA na
wau mmw a wv vi ann-v vviuiu. ww svuw.vv
our expenses both individual and co
operative; to buy less and produce
.. : n . to
more in oraer to mane our larms sen
sustaining; to diversify our crops, and
crop no more than we can cultivate; to
condense the weight of our exports,
selling less in the bushel and more on
hoof and neeee; to systematize our
work and . calculate intelligently , on
probabilities; to discountance . the
credit system, the mortgage system.
the fashion system, and every other
system tending to prodigality and
bankruptcy. We propose meeting to
gether, talking together, working to
gether, buying' together, selling to
gether, and, in general, acting togeth
er for our mutual protection and the
advancement the association may re
quire. We shall avoid litigation as
much as possible by arbitration ia the
Grange.- We shall constantly strive
to secure entire harmony,' good will,
and vital brotherhood among our
selves, and to make our order perpet
ual. ' We shall earnestly endeavor to
suppress personal, local, sectional, and
nauouai prejuurees, an unneauny ri
valry, all selfish ambition. Faithful
adherence to these principles will in
sure our mental, moral, social, and
material advsncement. . '
Fourth Our , business interests.
Wo desire to bring producers and con
sumers, and manfacturers, into the
most direct and friendly relations pos
sible. Henee we must dispense with
a surpmlus of middle men not that
we are unfriendly to them, but we do
not need them, lheir surplus and
their exactions diminish our profits.
Wewaveawaerressive warfare against
any ether interests whatever. On the
contrary, all our acts and all 'our ef-
rorts. so iar as Business is ovnuerneu.
are not only fer the benefit of produ
cers aad consumers, out also tor all
other interests that tend to bring these
two narties into speedy and economi
eal contact. ' Hence we hold that
transportation ' companies of every
kind are necessary to our success; that
their interests are intimately connec
ted with our interests, and harmoni
ous action is mutually advantageous
Keeping in view the first sentence in
our declaration of principles of ac
tioo, that individual happiness de
pends upon general nrosnerity. we
shall therefore 1 advocate for everv
State, the increase in every practica
ble, way of all laci lities for transport
ing cheaply to the seaboard, or be
tween home producers and comsu-
mers. all productions of our country
We adopt it as onr fixed purpose to
open out the channels in nature's
mmw . w
great arteries, that the life blood of
commerce may flow freely. We are
not enemies of railroads, navigable
and irrigating canals, nor of any cor
porations that will advance our inter
ests, cor of any laboring classes. In
oar noble order there is no commun
ism and no agrarianism; We are op
posed to such spirit and management
of any corporation or ' enterprise as
tends to oppress the dcodIc and rob
them of their just profits. We are
not enemies to capital, but we oppose
the tyranny of monopolies. We long
to see the antagonism between capital
and labor removed by 'common con
sent and by an enlightened statesman
ship worthy of the nineteenth century.
We are opposed to excessive salaries,
high rates of interests, and exorbitant
percentage of profits in trade, as they
greatly increase our burdens and do
not bear a proper proportion to the
profits of the producers. We desire
only self-protection and the protection
of every true interest offered by legiti
mate trade, and legitimate transac
tions, and legitimate profits. We shall
advance the cause of education among
ourselves and our children by all just
means wnuin our power, ty e especi
ally advocate for our agricultural and
industrial colleges, that Dractical seri
culture, domestic seience and all the
arts wnicn aaorn tne nome be taught
in tneir course of study.
Fifth We emDhaticallv and sin
cerely assert the oft-repeated truth
in our organic law that the Grange
National, State, or subordinate, is not
at rAl.r.ns1 ap rnirr Atmiii,a-ntiAn T
sn vii-.ivs.i v ynnj vi scsiii .aviVIU. AW f
Grange, if true to its obligations, can
aiscuss poiiucai conventions, nor
nominate candidates, nor even discuss
their merits in its meetings; yet the
principles we teach underlie all true
politics, all true statesmanship, aad if
roperly carried out will tend to puri
y the whole political atmosphere of
our country, lor we seek the greatest
good to tne greatest number.
Hut we must always bear it
in mind that no one by becoming a
grange member gives up that inalien
able right and duty which belongs to
every American citisen to take a pro
per interest in the politics of his coun
try. ; On the contrary, it is right for
every member to do all in his power
legitimately to influence for good the
action of any political party to which
he belongs: it is his duty to do all he
can in his own party to put down bri
bery, corruption, and tricken ; to see
that none but competent, faithful, and
honest men, who will unflinchingly
stand by our industrial interests, are
nominated for all positions of trust;
and to have carried out the principles
which should always characterize
every grange member, that the office
should seek the man, and not the man
the office.' We acknowledge the broad
principle that difference of opinion ia'
not crime, and hold that progress to-'
ward truth is made by differences of
opinion, ' while the fault lies in the '
bitterness of controversy. We desire.'
a proper equality, equity, and fairness;
propcction ot the weak restraint up
on the strong; in short, justly distribu-.
ted burdens - and juBtly distributed
power. These are American; ideas,;
the essence of American independence,:
and to advocate the contrary is un
worthy of the sons and daughters of,
an American republic. We cherish
the belief that sectionalism is, and ot,
right should be, dead and hurried with
the past. Our work is for the present'
and the future. In our ajrrieuitural
brotherhood and its purposes we shall
recognise no North, , bo South, no
East no West. If is reserved by,'
every patron, as his right as a free-"
man, to affiliate with any party that '
Will best carry out his principles. ''-'"
Sixth Ours being peculiarly
farmer's institution, we can not admit
all to our ranks. Many are excluded t
by the nature of our organisation, not.
because they are professional men, or
artisans or laborers, but because they
have not a sufficiently direct interest
in tilling or pasturing the soil, or may,
have some interest in conflict with our
purposes; but we appeal to all good
citizens for their cordial co-operation
to assist us in our ettorts toward re
form, that we may eventually remove
from our midst the last vestage of ty
ranny and corruption. We nail the
general desire for fraternal harmony,':
equitable compromise, and earnest co-
operation as aa omen ot our luture
success. ' ' " - '
Seventh It shall be an abiding
nrincinle with us to relieve any of our
oppressed and suffering .brotherhood;
by any means at our command.
.Last, but not least, we proclaim it
among our purposes to inculcate a
proper appreciation ot the abilities
aad sphere of woman, as is indicated
by admitting her to membership and
position in or order. Imploring the
coptinued assistance of : our Divine
Master to guide us ia our work, we
here pledge ourselves to faithful and
harmonious labor for all future time
to return, bv our united efforts, to the
wisdom, justice, fraternity,' and politi
cal purity of our forefathers.
A memorial to the Patrons ot Hus
bandry in the cotton States was also
? resented and unanimously adopted,
t is an argument in favor of mixed
husbandry in the South, instead of
expending the energies of the people
in raising a single crop.
Mr. Reive: The Hooeier Drill
Company is slowly but steadily in
creasing its working force every week.
Jesse P. Fulghum is erecting a nice
residence on the corner of Seminary
and West River streets. -
C. P. Reeves has sold the house he
built last fall, with the lot oq which it
stands, to W. H. Moore, who intends
making it his residence. Reeves has
gone into the paper mill. .
Harmon Armstrong has sold his in
terest in the grocery store of Frazeo
fc Armstrong, to J. H. Frarzec. Har
mon has resumed his old position in
the Hoosier Drill Company.
, Frank. Jones and Hen. Grcsh have
sold their stock of groceries to Nudd
&, Booth, who will continue the busi
ness at the same corner. The invoice
amounted to over four thousand dol
lars...:. - r - .. . .
Frank, talks of becoming a farmer,
on the prairies of Iowa, and Hen. has
the same business in view here and
when we hear these ex-grocery keep
ers telling old gray-headed farmers
that a good crop of corn can be raised
by only plowing it once, and that an
average crop ot wheat can be pro
duced from the stubbles of the prece
ding one, and that the best bacon is
made from , hogs , fatted on beech
nuts, it looks as though they meant
business, and that our fanners are
wasting a large amount of hard labor
every year, lioys, it your theory
should fail the'first year, why do not
be discouraged, but try again.
The young men here have organi
zed a literary scciety, the members of
which are known as Knights of the
Golden Age. The exercises consist
of debates, lectures, essays, criticisms,'
etc. The society meets weekly in Da
vis Hall. The students in Prof. Gus
tin's school have formed a similar
one, tbe members of which are called
J unior Knights. Such societies are
not only productive of present enjoy
ments and benefits, but their good ef
fects will be felt and seen in all after
life. ' .
Milton can boast a population of
one thousand inhabitants, with an ex
cellent school building that will ac ;
commodate 500 students, one machine
shop, with a capacity for working
over 100 hands; one foundery, one
woolen mill, one paper milL, one flour
mill, one cooper shop, one tin and stove
store, one hotel, one furniture store;
one harness shop, one broom factory,
two railroads, two livery -stables, two
saw mills, two carriage and wagon ma
king shops, two meat shops, two cloth
ing Btores, two drug stores, three
blacksmith shops, three hat stores,
three dry goods stores, four churches,
4 shoe shops, 4 grocery stores, six boot
and shoe stores, with a supply of good
mechanics for all the trades and occu
pations of life, with lawyers and doc
tors enough to administer law and
preserve health, but no place, where,
either for love or money, any one can
get intoxicating liquors by the drinks.
A leading citizen, near this place,
who is taking a part in the farmers'
movement, reports that he was inter
viewed a few days ago by one of our
prominent town citizens as to whether
the granges could not be induced to
establish coffee bouse.? in connection
with their other, stores,' and reduce'
the price of whisky from , fen to five,
cents a glass... j Our , fellow townmen.
being a practical temperance man, the
question at . once arose among his
friends, what are his motives for thus
seeming to favor the Bale and . use of
intoxicating liquors- Further inquiry
has disclosed the fact that he believes
the present fanners' movements ruin
ous humbug, and yet the infatuation
is so strong, that without the use of
some strategy,' the ; farmers will all
rush headlong to destruction. At the
same time he is a devout believer in
the efficacy of singing and prayer, and
thinks that if -the granges . will only
engage in the traffic of ardent spirits,
they will Boon lock horns i with the
"women's movement," t and . then
farewell to griagems' 'ri.i&tZ'i
Another fight is reported this week
from Lannisburg, (a name given the
south-eastern suburbs of town) the
parties to or the particulars of which,
are not yet fully kndwn. Family fueds
have created two hostile factions in
that district, ("5th ward,) each of
which has its leader who often meet
in fierce conflict. A note worthy fea
ture in the matter, is that these lead
ers belong to opposite sexes, with
headquarters near each other. Some
days ago while the big male chief, be
ing the same who commanded the
enemy in its attack upon the Hydrau
lic flouring mills, in the late goose
war, was going his rounds,' giving or
ders to his subordinates, was sudden
ly surprised by his antagonists emcr
ging from behind some outer works,
and bending over, pointed at him a
64-pounder, heavily loaded-. He bare
ly had time to retreat into his own
citadel, before his' ears were saluted
with a fearful dischargo of terrible
epithets, slugs, old iron, brick bats,
etc. He says the report wss deafening.
accompained with a : disagreeable,
sulphurous smell; otherwise he escap
ed uninjured. -
We call upon our town authorities
to adopt vigorous measures at once to
preserve order and conquor a peace
in that locality. On to Lannisburg!
Liquor Dealer in Treaale.
the liquor venders may well say
that misfortunes never come singly.
The Dcrtinacity of the women s tern
perance crusade, with prayer book
and hymns for their arms, is not the
only trouble that menaces the saloon
keetoers. r rom an article in the 11 ii
nois Staats Zeitung, it . appears that
the brewers have resolved to raise the
price of beer $2 per barrel, which
means ruin to many of the smaller
establishments. The indignation
which this news has excited among
the laser beer providers is lndesoriba
ble, and eager are the consultations
held to consider how best to meet the
impending blow. They denounce the
raise as an extortion on the part of
the brewers, and talk ot importing
tneir ueer iruiu auruau. ouuuiu me
worst come to the worst, "mine hosts
propose to reduce the size of the
glasses, in accordance with the times.
and saueeze eight lagers out ot
quart in stead of six that are dis
penscd now. In view of such a con
tingency. it is proposed to have
sufficient stock of new glasses ordered
from a Pittsburg manufactory .-Inter-
Ocean. - : - ; .
The Meaty-Order
The money-order system is one
great feature of the post office serv
ice. Last year it issued $60,000,
000 worth of orders During the
panic it made itself more popular
than ever by its ability to transfer
money, and during the holidays
the foreign element of the country
availed itself of its benefits by
transmitting in tho aggregate a
very largo sum of money as pres
ents to friends in the Old World.
Disbursing officers of the Govern
ment departments, in paying bount
ies, pensions, ac, to colored sol
diers, have experienced difficulty in
getting money to those who reside
in out-of the way localities, and on
this account they have adopted the
money order system as a medium
of transmittincr the money, the
Postmaster acting as paymaster,
and having the necessary circulars
sent him, to which he secures the
signatures of the party to whom
the money is paid, and thus renders
his identity certain.
In Paul's time he told the Christ
i iana to greet each other withaiioly
kiss. We are glad the custom has
been dropped, for there are many
good people who would not want
to kiss us, as we would not want to
kiss them. Very attractive persons
would find the supply greater than
the demand. But let us have
substitute suited to our age and
land. Let it be good, hearty, en
thusiastic Christian hand ahaking.
-Christian at Work.
Sweeping distrust of religions
i professions, a benignant heart re
pels as one of the most acrid of
moral poisons. No other men are
I judged by the world with such
malevolent severity as that which
is meted out to . professed Pious
men. No other nicknames express
such malign satire as those with
i which the world has branded re
ligious sects. Even men who as
pire to better things often lend
their sympathy by silence to a mor
dant antipathy to men of devout
ways. ;
The Republican partv. dnrincr
the last few months, has criven most
unmistakable evidence of a willing
ness to oorreot its own errors, of a
determination to purify ito own
ranks, and a fixed purpose to reform
existing abuses.
'.r.'wo Mb;' 14th. 1874. ;rj
Editob Palladium: Tho three
meetings held at Huntington, were
very large.' - 'The 1 people there are'
eeply interested in Temperance, but
there appears to be a lack of earnest,
nergetie men, to take the lead and
direct the proper and thorough agita
tion of the cause. Without organiza
tion, and incessant agitation, the work-
cannot be successful. In this county.
as in others, I found that the temper
ance law had, lessened the number of.
grogshops .and intemperance very.
much. . The improvement was great
up to th time that the Supreme Court '
pron4etjhe 9th clause tJN-consti-.
tstftnl. CiSethen, intemperance .
has largely increased here, and in a
ettcr just received from a correspond-
cnt at Wabash, he . says: "Matters
were going on successfully here, until
the 9th section was pronounced un
constitutional; but since then, the sa-
oon keepers seem to have taken new
courage, lhey have become , bold,
and now we can see men reeling druuk
in the streets." Such is the effect of
that decision.' I have just been read-,
inr over again the written decision of ,
the majority and minority judges. . I
have endeavored to do so without
bias; yet,' after, all, candor compels
me to say, that according to the best
of my judgment, the minority report:
has tbe better both of the argument
and the authorities; but of course, as
three out of the five hold the clause to
be unconstitutional, the presumption
is, as Judge Buskirk said at Blooia-
ington, that the majority are right.
We cannot, however, conceal the sad
fact, that this decision is proving
most disastrous to the interest and
morals of the people. All over the
State we see the destructive effects of
that decision. Sincerely do we hope
then, that the next legislature will
pass a bill that will reinstate that
clause; and here I will snggest, that
whoever should draw such a bill, let
him be sure to consult the best jurists
of the State, so as to be certain to have
it so framed, that it will stand the test
of the Supreme Court.
Huntington is a thriving town of
about 4000 inhabitants. , Here is the
headquarters of Colonel Bryant's
Stave Works the largest in the State.
On the 9th we held a meeting at
Roanoke; and on the 10th at Antioch,' '
both in Huntington county. The
meetings were large and very enthusi
astic ; 'committees, composed of the
best men in the community were ap
pointed at each place, to carry for
ward the work of organization and
agitation. The country towns are far
ahead of the county seats on this ques
tion of. temperance. If our State
should be redeemed from the cursed
influence of whisky, it will have to be
brought about very largely, by the
moral sentiment of the rural districts
and small towns.
On the 11th, 12th, and 13th, I lec
tured at Fort Wayne to immense, and
very appreciative audiences. Here I
was pleasantly disappointed. ' Before
eame, I had learned that Fort
Wayne was given over -body and soul
to whisky and lager, and that there
was scarcely a person in town in favor
of temperance; I was therefore pre
pared to meet slim and indifferent au
diences. Judge my surprise when I
entered the largest public Hall in1
town,' to find it thoroughly packed
with people who listened with, the
deepest interest. During my sojourn,
here, I found that there are some very
earnest temperance people, but the
liquor traffic has such an immense
ascendancy, as apparently to override
the temperance sentiment of the city.
The few noble workers here deserve a
great deal of sympathy and support
for they are battling against great odds.
I sincerely hope that they will feel
encouraged to work on, although the
task sometimes may . seem hopeless
truth and right ; must ultimately
prevail.'-; Among the noble band of
true temperance men. I met George
Frye, John Hough; Jesse T. Williams,
Friend MeNiee, Ministers Meek,
Waffal, and several others,' and also
Alexander, the noble and talented
editor of the "Fort Wayne Gazette;"
his whole heart is in the temperance
cause aad the wonan's suffrage move
ment. The Gazette is one of the very
best daily papers published in the
State, and is doing a grand work for
the cause of humanity and civiliza
tion. It - deserves the active support
of every person who is in favor of pro
gress and morality.
. Fort Wayne contains a population
of 25,000; except Indianapolis, it is
the greatest railroad centre .in the
State.;.' Here are large railroad ma
chine shops, and other manufactories,
which give employment to a large
number of mechanics. But the great
drawback to the wellbeing of this city
is the immense trafic in whisky and
labor. Half a million dollars annual
ly are spent here in that way. To say
nothing about the demoralizing influ
ence to society resulting fromChis
traffic in whisky, the blight it is to
the industrial progress of the city, is
very great. According- to the best
writers on political economy, labor is
the base of real wealth to all commu
nities. Then, to make this half mil
lion of drink there has to be paid fifty
thousand dollars for labor; whereas,
were the people to spend their half I
million dollars in clothing, furniture,
books, etc., there would . have ' to be
paid three hundred thousand dollar)
for labor ; six times - as much as for
labor to make the whisky. : What a
difference would this be to the Indus
trial resources of the city !!; I proceed 1
ntxt to Whitley county. , f W. B.
, nY ISABEL BLAI&. :,J ! II.
'In the picture gallery of the Bar
beriui Palaces at Rome, hangs a por
trait of a young Roman girl, painted
by Guido. . It is a beautiful .but mel
ancholy face, whose "south look of
sweet, sorrowful eyes" and "touch of
prison paleness," reproduced in chrome-,
arev smv. frequently seen, ia .parlor,
and shop wiadowr Tor of aU theism
bus paint!ag M Rome. Bene is better
known or more copied than this. It
derives peculiar interest from the his
tory of her whose features it is said to
renrese.nk.. . '. ;.' i-
Francesco Cenci, the head of one of
the oldest and wealthiest families ot
Rome, was a man of violent temper,
and, in his household, ; intolerably
cruel. Two of his sons were assassin
ated at his instigation. At length,
unable longer to endure his cruelties
and tyranny, his family appealed to
the Pope, Clement VII I, for protec
tion. I he petitions miscarried, and
; remained, ot course, unanswered. -
I On the night of the 15th of-Septem-i
ber, 1598, Francesco was murdered.
He was found with an enormous nail
i driven into each of his eyes, a mode
of assassination which indicated that
at least two persons were engaged in
the work. One of them was finally
.captured, - and upon examination,
charged the wife, a son. and the daush-
1 ter, Beatrice, with having . prompted
i to the deed. They . had, he testified,
put tbe victim to Bleep by administer
mg a narcotic draught, and then had
introduced himself- and his ; accoui
plioe into Francesco's chamber. They
: were arrested and imprisoned in the
Castle of St. Angela, where they were.
from tine to time, as was the practice
during the middle ages, subjected to
the tortures of the rack to force them
to confess to the crime. As was fre
ouently the case with the accused.
whether guilty or not. preferring death
to this lingering agony, the mother
and brother made confession. But
for nearly a year Beatriee continued
firm in her declarations of innocence.
At last a new method of torture was
devised, to inflict which would make
it necessary to cut off her hair, which
is described ss being "the most silken,
the longest, the most marvelous in
color ever seen." At this she turned
pale. ' "Touch not my head," she
cried. "Let me die without mutila
tion !" And to save her tresses, she
.too yielded. .. .: ,
UeiHbcauty. the belief in her inno
cence, the courage and firmness she
had shown, had won the sympathy
and compassion ot tbe wholo ltoman
populace, and the Pope .was besieged
with netitions to grant her pardon.
This he was nearly persuaded to do
when at the trial her cause was most
eloauentlv pleaded by the counsel ap
pointed for the defense, and it was
shown how probably a man so gener
ally disliked and dreaded as ranees
co, should have had enemies outside
bis own household to plot against his
life. Other murders ot similar char
acter occurring about this time, how
ever, induced him to refuse pardon,
and it is thought his decision was ia
flueneed by the considerations that in
the event of their condemnation the
property of the prisoners would come
into the possession . of the church.
They were therefore publicly execu
ted on the piazza of the bridge of St.
Angelo. September . 9th, 1599. All
the windows, roofs and balconies in
the vicinity were filled with people as
sembled to witness the scene, so great
was the interest felt for the beautiful
voung heroine, h r . f-c
i The portrait by Guido is said to
have been painted iust before her ex
ecution, and during her confinement
in the prison, iter story has lurnisbi
ed food for many a romance, and has
often been represented upon the stage.
She Is still generally supposed to have
. been innocent of connection with the
1 crime, and for every one recalling this
passage ot history, the picture nas a
strango fascination. .
Icary Ward Beeeher on Bead lag-.
To the question: - What shall we
! read? it is impossible to return a very
detinue answer. It depends : upon
what things are within your reach
on your health, your ; education,
your occupation. To keep up with
the world's current events every one
should read one or more good news
papers. A good family ; journal, if
within reach, should be carefully
read. History, biography, and travels
should of course be s part of every
one s reading. J3ut in this articl
n this article, we
do not so much wish
elasnee of werke to be
some suggestions as to method.
JSiverv man should. strive to own a
good, full dictionary, a good general
..l.n am ..avaIaiuuIi. : ..nil fmAil
gazetteer, r These should be owned, if
possible, at once; otherwise, let one
save money by every means, and pro
cure them as fast as possible. If one
has fair wages, and has the courage to
live within his means, and to save
every month, then let him run in debt
for them. - - - ., .-. s .
- A good debt is often like an anchor,
and holds sn honest man steady. It
will help an honest man to save, if he
has right before his eyes the end to be
gained, and much money will be thus
invested which might otherwise run
down one's throat, or be fooled away
ia trivial sums. But these books are
foundation books, and ought to be
within reach. -, To borrow them . is
much like borrowing a candle, a tea
cup, or a bed. They are things which
every man should have as near to him
as a mechanic has his tools.
Now, with this stock in trade, come
some suggestions about reading. Nev
er read anything without going over it
afterward in vour mind, to see if vou
can stats to yourself the substance of
what you have read it would be well,
when it can be done, to repeat to some
one the information which you obtain.
It will tend to fix attention1 while
reading, will prevent that smooth,
dreamy way of eliding ever subjects
with a vague, general impression only.
Never suffer a word to pass, the
meaning of which is not clear to you.
Attar how
yowt have! to
. ce
I tight to the diotjoaarv, aad i
find out the history of the worldY Del
not ask your neighbor, i- By looking it .
up yourself, your attention will ;ber
specially directed to it, so that yow
will not be likely to forget it. i- In this
way one a vocabulary will be laereased r
with wonderful rapidity; i A '. word
onos conauered becomes ever - after;
your faithful servant, cr a , .h ls h ,-i.d
Do not pass by a name ot a place;
without finding out about it in your
gazetteer or biographical dictionary-;
which, by ahd by. should, be added to ;
the list of fundamental books, i Go toi
the atlas for every geogrsohical faeta
Read with you , map open when you
are upon Bwiorieai suDjecuij , abhoci-w
ate vour knowledge with the taoorrm -,
phy of the eountry to which it beuiigsu
; :-Uo not spare trouble. ) JJe notbej
too lazy to take - down your : feat, and 1
stretch out tour arm . for the book of
rcttestee. l After a short experience
or sack tovoca- reaiLng ona s seUV
retrpeet Still be acr msci and he will.
experience so-, much pleasure in .this
course that; he will need no exhorts
tiOSfet 'l-i.Hi; irte'.4 I t .f
Often plain men, who read to them
selves, ate very faulty in their pro
nunciation. ' Therefore, as much tas
you can, read aloud, and go to your
dictionary and gazetteer whenever a
new, doubtful, or difficult word comes
before you. . .,..;
"... ' m m
; ' -s tf 'ss-.! i.
The selection of ? the fourth of
March as the day for the beginnia
of the Presidential term, seems to1
have been .the' result of accident.
The old ..Continental Congress,
wueu we rauucauun .oi. uie new ,
Constitution by the necessary nunr
1 ' 11. ' 1 - ' 1 A , V
ber of Stales had been ascertained.
passed a resolution, September 18,
1788, appointing the first Wednes- '
.1 Ik. 1 T-....' 1U.
uajr uiti uvu -tiuuuai jf iui , Mia
choice of the Presidential Electors,
the first . Wednesday of . February
fori the election of . President and
Vice - President, - and : the first
Wednesday of March as the time
for the organization of the new,
Government. ' .'The first Wednesday'
of . March happened to be,, ia the, !
year 1789, the fourth of March, and ? j
aa the Administration which began
on that day - was limited to four ;
years by the Constitution, the next
and all succeeding Administrations '
have begun on this . day of thf
month.,1J;,..lf,:;-;f,;,; j.- ;;;!'
"The Battle Hy mn of theRepub !
lie" was .. composed at the besrinincr .
of the war ) by, Mrs Julia Ward :
Howe, of Boston. . '. While she was .
writing, without realizing it, her
eon! took up the measure of the
"John Brown" chorus, and to that
tone the nation has been singing it '
It had seldom been' sung to that,;
tune before that eventful morning
of the 6th of July, 1863, when the
news of Gettysburg lifted the de-'
spondent hearts of the prisoners in '
Libby from utter despair to a do-
Li'- - ...i- -..!
boon afterward it was sunor in.
the hall of the House of Represent
atives, Mr: Lincoln joining in the i
chorousand calling for its repm-'1
tion, remarking-''that it was the :
finest hymn he ever heard. ; Emi
nent musical composers havo tried '
to rescue, it from its .connection i
with the "John Brown" chorus by i
setting it to finer music, but they :
have never succeeded. They can-1
not bury it ' One cannot help wish-
ing that a pen so powerful as ' Mrs. 1
Howe's might I be more prolific.
She seldom .writes for the public.
eye, but when she does ner words
are graven in tho memory of - the I
nauon -as wun an iron pen. and
with lead in the rock, forever.'
- They tell an incident of Dr. Eddy. '
At- TJ "if A Af it i m.T a a "
wie. Xituior oi .tue nortnwestern
Christin Advocate, a religious news
paper of the Methodist persuasion,
which shows the rapid growth of
the west and of the church he rep
resents. . Going but from Chica&ro
on one of ' the principal railroads, ;
in company witn' another divine, aa .
uni warn appruavuvu uie nrsa pirn ;
tion ne was asked by his companion
the name of the place they , were
approaching.' The Doctor gave it,
and remarked casually, that he had
"once dedicated a church there.'
a- fjy np to the nextstation,'
avriuou ttumy aisu, K&u SUCieu inat
he had "once . dedicated a church
there." ' At length when the train
had stopped at the sixth station.
tbe aecom panying divine straight.
ened in bus seat and asked :
; "Well, Doctor did yon ever dedi
eate a church here?" . . . . ; J . ,
"Here." the Doctor replied, with
a twinkle in bis ' rninisterial eye,
"Here? O yes, I dedicated ' two
churches here?" " " ' 'v ' "
His amazed companion concluded
to keep silent at the next station;
so it was passed without question.
But coming to the next point he
could not restrain his curiosity, bat
said: ;; -f-" -;
"Well Doctor, how about dedi
cating ehnrch . here?"
i.tT . W a a.
-a was invitea to aedioate a.
a t l w
enures nere, . repnea tne AJOCtor,
"but could not oome, because that
day I had an engagement to - dedi
cate a church at the station we just
One day Henry CUv. who had
arrived in Frederick, Maryland, by
stage eoacn. rrom Wheeling, Tttet
lteverdy. jonnson, ;who' xnarrii
Mary Bowie, a cousin of ( Jamea
Bowie, inventev of the Bowie kxute,i
.1 I 'T -.-i -.15
"ltererdy," he said, "I have just
had aft' etttaesdlaary o acquamtarico
bacsrnetaat Cuaaberland. A man
goihsif my, seat in the, stage coach
lilUe. .xnotty. frecUed. check-
boned fellpw and on the next srat
were a man and bis wife, . on iLe
third seat a couple of big men.''
; TTe had no' sooner started ecd
got dear of Cumberland than one'
'of. the big men on the forward scat
lif i eiffar. : Be '.puffed and pciTt'l,.
siii m a nrae wave, me stage ccaco
was fuB ef 'strong' fumes, and h?J
hromav ge leiy sick. r She nsked
ber husband to nose the window,'
and, atBl mVmMUbtaa the Fiiioke, '
told ihtma!x4 iawt lean , upon' bis
over- ar.d
Mv .maoSA4 . Please dp
nptsniiadsv. v
j. . 'The tag mai smoked tike a blat '
chimney, paytzj -se need wnatcrcr.
Thewoinan ijrewlaiAter and couch
ed. My blood ,-wat foiling, but I
knew the big soon could double me
up and throw me out of tho window,
j "Suddenly the little being at iny
side, leand forward, pulled a bouo
knife .out of bis 'coat collar, and
said to the smoking giant :
: . am Jeemes Bwwie. Throw
away that cigar, or III split you
into half apples 1 " f ; ' ' :
' 4The man," eonehidcd Mr. Clay,
"dropped the cigar like an antoBia--ton,
and we bad-set a w&rd spoken
for tliuty noles. '
! -T, i DSL CAKB W BOXHOOD. . ; ! ,
! .vVhen he was ten years old, four
or five neighboring beys, all bigger
than himself, who had climed upon'
I the roof of a baiek" building in his '
father's yard, were amusing tbciu
selves by shooting putty waits fror i
blow , guns at the girls below. ,
lEIisha, attracted to the spot by
the rdtcry of - the injured party,
promptly undertook the defence, :
and in too firnrtope of. a young
gentleman offended, required tlic m
to desist and leave the premises ;
which, of cource, was instantly cn
Sweredby a broadside leveled at
himself.1 Fired at' the ntragc,1''b'e
clutched the' Tain 'spout, climbed;
ike aTonng tiger! to tbe roof, and;
was among them before they could
realize the practicability of tho feat-, j
and: then he had them on terms
even enough for a handsome Battle
ment of tbe case. .'
The roof .wss steep and danger- .
pus to his cowed: 'antagonists, , but.
safe to bis better . balanco and
higher , courage, and they were at
hisi'tnercyi for net one could help'
another; and' he was more than a
jnatch for the best oi them, in o
position f where peril of a terrible '
tumble was among the risks of re-
a -en aa C J a
tustanee. i f oruiwitn, ne went at
them seriatim, ifll severally and
singly ; he had cuffed them to the
full . measure of . their respective
deservings. ; But not satisfied with :
inflicting punishment, he exacted
penitence also, and he proceeded,
to drag each of them in turn to
thq edge "of . the roof, and holding
him there,1 demanded an explicit
apology- y '
llore. ho .Jiad finiBbed pultiEtr
the whole, -party through this . last
form pf purgation, little Tom, who
had n witnessed. .tho' .performance
from pie' ' pavement below, greatly ,
terrified lat 'the imminent risk of a
falll1 which1; .would have brokena
peck or two, , niayhap,' called out
UCohie down, Elisha! Oh, Elislia,
fcbmedowilF''' Elisha "; ansfcrcd
in the spirit oi the engagttnent. '
fNo, Tom, they ain't done apoli
gizing yeL" Elders Biography of
-Kane, - tbe Arctic Explorer. , . ,
The annual trreen corn feast of '
the Seneca nation, of Indians has ',
been kept up from time immemo-
riaL The following description of :
the Green Corn Dance will be found
interesting: J ;uo o I , .-
7 The men and women form a cir-
cle, in the middle of which , tho '
musicians are seated. . The musical '
instruments generally consist of at
small keg in modern times oyster
kegs have been made available, for
the purpose minus one head with
a: woodohack skin stretched ovei
the open end, and a small turtle :
shell witli a handle attached, and a;
woodchuck skin extending from
edge to edcre on the concave side.
I The former being a sort of a drum,
j tnamped wsw aia6io oHci, ana :
dried peas are"' pat in it to give;
the latter a ratling sound. -''',
1 The musie moves sloly at first,1,
and the dancers only walk. Pres-;
ently the measure, grows more live
lyi and the Indians begin to dance,
alternatively hopping twice upon
one foot an&V swinging from side to
Bide, while' the . women, all facing
outward, manage by moving their
toes outward and inward, to move
around in the revolving circle with-
out lifting their feet from tbe floor. V
Faster and faster goes the music, .'
and .more !- and f more - vigorously
move j the dancera, the warriors ,
leading and whirling to and fro, ;
flinging their arms about, and per- -,
forming each, bodily contortions -and
convulsive ierka as would seem '
impracticable to any one else, while
the women ever looking demurely .'
to the floor, with their arms hang
ing mdtacmleeS by their sides, still r
guuo oowira, as u oorne aiong oj
some means independent of their '
. t f ' . . . ' j a ' a a .
ova powers oi locomotion, ai last,
when ? ihe dameissr has become as .
lively as possible, and even Indian
nerves and . muscles are jaded , by
intense action, at a given signal all
stop . suddenly, when the warriors
loin in a series of whoops and yells
hideous enough,, almost, to curdle ,
Mood of ca alligator.

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