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The Richmond palladium. [volume] (Richmond, Ind.) 1855-1875, February 24, 1875, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86058250/1875-02-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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" p'uBLiwren TT WH)XIDAT Br j
B'. W. DAVIS. f j
his monH
j raw months
. i.l led I rum I . ukuo - m.
4KI Ni 'WlrkylneuJZ at 73 a. in.
f i lillro-a. p. .
4J,J?1 lm U olumbu k
J rn and Vntral Htates, eloaes mi
(: 2ji2f?..- V l I-yton and Xeui. Hall-.
' '(vail, eloaes Has a. '.
uiKVil WWT-1. Inelu.lin fn.Ilanaioli
- f. j!. same . aliove, closes 7.. p. MM - ' ;
To WrU-U-r, Williamsburg ami B''"'"
iiort, on Tues-lay, Thursday and Halur-
To Vom'm Mills, White Water Bethel and A r
T baTon Monday, Wednesday and i riday .
at law m.
To Ablngton, f Hfton "fS" MU-
uay and Friday, at aw a.m.
n.m ischvmli, Goodwin's CSoraer. ,
SStfTilSS-Tuesday and
Friday, at U-JU u.
At 8 ." Indianapolis and LlBCiii-Al'ir-rCln.lawU.
way and
At 4?V! in.' f Ka-t ''ST&T. i
IVc. 1 171. .. , ,. H ,W. imaih. r. M.
l.lANAroMM WV1SION SOV.dO. 171.
auxu whit. ;
No. 10
I rljHiia....
fliua w
Brad J n ii..
Klclim 'd..
if:l plu
12HIU II 't
1:11 am.'
lrl am
8:12 am:
3: Hi am;
I l:.jnam
6:1(1 pin
ri7 pm
7:211 pm
:.' pm
ll:l." pm
! l:2Vpiu
I 3:ipm
o:2ti am
6:.H am
8:2- am
ii:i am
li:i2 am
124KI pm
l::n pin
I :.tupm'
tSu. 1
No. S.
No. 5. I No. 7.
IndU'pU.1 4:'i0ain
KniKl:'J'n 5:Waiii
Klclini ii'l 7:lim iro
IWm'li!.: Nr'Haml N.
::ll wiiii H:2piil
ilradjuu- H:.'4am 7i
Fliiaa ....-! :17 am 7:27
Urbuiia 10:loam H:W
Mllford.... 111:50am :40
.luinni ll.'HIaiiin.io
2:llpui 8:4'ipiu
2:2pni' :l:pn
11:52pm 10:11pm
4:4pm 10:.Vtpm
tl.iiopm ll:V.pm
1. Ml. r T - l I
tlttHlurK.. 7:l!pm-
T.. I L un.l 7 rtiti TIilII
All other truiim
' liilly.expt'Handay.
Blrhmad ami C'hlrao
Nov. K
No. it
No. I
No. 10.
: Ilk. HI a.
7l pin
lii:lo pm
10ui2 pn
11:21 via
1 1 Kin-mt li.
...... il:Wiii
Nn'ailln .......
vwn t.
CalaK I......
12:1 n am
J 4l pllll
l:.v am
8:10 am
:?o am
feoo pm
' -'" , No. I. j No. 3. )
Cldcaxo. I 7i0pni S:J0am
Crown Pt.. :4o pm UHH mil ..! ..
LovauHp't. 12:45 aiu Mt pmL (
Kukomo...: 2Mim 2:20 pill j... ..
AudnionJ 3:42 am 4:11 pm
NwChcIm( 4::Mam fX pm .
HiuK'nil'n.l &)tuu ft:J piuj..... ............
Kii-hiiKiiid ":.) in H:lo pni!............ ......
tluoiunat.) aw am Ifcio pm!-.. ..i . .
No. 10 teaveai Hlrhmond daily. No 1 leave
Chicago aally. All other traiua run dally,
zuept Huntlay. ,
Little Xiaaal llvlaln.
. ,- Nov. 30, 1X74.
No. t. No. 4.
No. 6. I No. 10.
litva June
Col u m b 'a
Xrnla .....
2ilm .... l:."ii)ami
M i 7-A'lMim
1:2 pm
3: hi pm
6:i5 pm
:X7 pm
M.-00 pm
6:4o pm
12Mn't. sMiiuii lOKinami
l.iiam ikooani u.twaini
2:2oaiu 1:1mm 12:13 pmi
&4amj Hr.ttami 1:2-1 pmi
Waul lih'WtiiK 2:.Vlpni
. . 7r.1amil2iJipnii
8:l0aiuj l:l.pm;
I lO.iWamj 3:20 pm.
I .. 4 1:30 pro i tbaopni'.
. N-3. ft.
No. i
No. &. j No. 7.
nd'poltA. ! I t::iSm
Ki'h ill ml
12:4H pttt,.
Duvloa. M:l.aiu
z: um .
it ...... . hi . ( iiiit
tHllliflIlli l l"U iv.n T.1.4..b
Aenta.... :4tauii
3:15 pm .....
Morrow..! M:2saml 1 2:tspm :40 pm
Xenia Kt'isni 12:.0am: 3:"n)pm 9:45pm
London... 10:4.tami 213 awl heist pm 10:SS pm
Coluiiiti 'a I i:4-iiii 3t"an titipm IhSipm
PivoJune l:.Vpiii A:2amj M pin 2:02 am
Pltmburn 7:lApiu :2:JUpmi 2:20 am 7)23 am
Num. 1, 2, t ami 7 run Dully to amj fruiii
(inrlnntiti. All other Trains Initlv.exoepl
Sunday. W. O'HK'lEN.
tlonl rasaengerand Ticket Agent. V
VU Wim Rallraad.
4) K ml A exJ:00 am J Portland ao thi am
Portland no..4n) piu 1 U H in 'I A ex.&25 pm
Han establish a HACK CONVEYANCE
Nil this city to Williamsburg, threedaj
in each week,
i, Xaadny, Taandajr a4 Satarday.
Leaving Richmond at 3 o'ekvk, p. m.each
nay. All wlen left at the IVwtoinre hy 2
o flock, p. m. a 111 Ih called for. Host's I Jv
cry Hiulvle, Hie IHotottlce or Neal'a DininK
Hall, at the le pot. a re the places fitriwwn
ft to leave order. denlrtUK to eo to Wtb
aier, Koiuomyor WllliaiiKionn.
. V . . ......... , . 1 ' . 4.. .
A large Sixleen-rtiuetl l.iterarv and Fam
ily Monthly,
A lai
IV vole, I loThritliiiK Storiea. XunHonsof
Adventure. Ideological Woudera, Farni
and Houxehoid A (fairs Natural Hin- ;
: lory, tluldreu's and ti rami parents' -:
ilincellaiiy. KjicIi m-pannient
is beautified with Knitrav
inga from llw beat Artists
of lue country.
Prof. J. tMg Caasell. Prof. R. T. Brown,
fciriueriy Stale ae.lotst of Indiana. Helen.
Itentn R.Kwiok. Unuon R. Lane. M. !-,
pheUa Korwanl, Riseiu Rice, and a host
tjfwher renowned authors a rtUJ regularly
. (Free of Postage,)
OrOuerioHar and Twentv-five Cents with
t lie elegant Ch romo,
Slajrle Cm,r Tear Ceala.
Aenui wanted everywhere. Caata Com
a? , T V nbs- Aaen t com plet Out-
EO. E. BLAKELEE, PHtritaer, .
- . i - ladinapolis Indiana.
$5 ta LQt Pr la at homeTfn,7re".
J.l9,l(l,j Portland, MMne
Froia the Christian Colon.
I've a rare bit of new s for you, Mary Sl-
lone,", " - '
Aim trut i, 'tis the stran;ekt that ever was
You reuieiuber I told you twelvemonth
How a soul ounie from heaven to Poverty
If an angel bad troubled the waters that
Much little, white eraft to our turbulent
No mortal could tell; but that innocent
child, .
Like a dove without wingx, nestling
downy and tender,
With eyes vailing pictures of Paradise
Came into the tenement crazy and wild.
And the hard life so pitiless, rough and de
nied, i ' -w,-
Over to Mulligan's.
It is strauge. to our eyes, but perhaps yon
have seen
A vine clasp its tendrils of delicate green
Round a desolate reck, or a Illy grow white
With Us roots in the tarn and its face in the
Or when night and storm wrap the sky in
A star shaken out from the fold of a cloud.
Ho this little one came tout it never seemed
r Ik lit
There were children enough, Heaven
knows ! iu that Ilalwl,
Cadets for the Tombs fr-m the bold whis-
; key rabble.
Choked out from the love tli.it Is heaven's
. . own light,
Rank sons of the soil, cropping out for a
light , :
, . Over to Mulligan's.
There was many u. banquet in Mulligan
Hall, . .
When the revelers feasted on nothing at
. .
And a king at the board giving knighthood
of pains,
Ami orders of crosses, and clanking of
Tim held as a law the most lierfect in life
The strong tie that bonud him to Nora, bis
But, blinded by drink, when his passion
ran high,
He beat her of course with a fury inhu
man, . And she such n poor, patient bit oi a wo
man t '
Well for her a soft voice answered low to
her cries.
And her sun never set in the baby's blue
"' eyea
Over to Mullignn's.
It was twelve months or more from the
time ah was born.
As I sat at my window one sunshiny morn,
"J 1st come over,"the voice of Tim Mulligan
"I belave In me sowl that me baby isdead!",
He had held a wild revel late into the
And the wee, frightened dove plumed her
pinions for flight;
This the man aaw at last, with a sudden
"Uod forgive me!" he cried, "sure she'd
nl ver be stay in "
MWld thecursin an' drink when me lips
shud be pray iuT'
And the priest came and went, little
dreaming that day
How the priesthood of angels was winning
its way
Over to Mulligan's..
Then the sweetest, the saddest, the tenth-r
est sight
Lay the child like a fair sculptured vision
of light, -
Hands closed over daisies, fringed lids over
That never would fall through life's sor
rowful years;
"Ah, mavourneeu!" moaned Tim, "It's for-
iver I'll think
That Mm saints took yea home from the
dlvll of drink;
An mayhap" here he shivered decanter
and bowl i "
"She wilt see me up there wld the Mother
of Jesus,
An'slnd down the grace that from sin
: 1 ver frees us!"
Ho the leaven that spread from one beauti
ful soul
Through that turmoil of misery leavened
the whole,
Over to Mulligan's.
Now a thing the most wonderful, Mary
And truth, 'Us the strangest that ever was
known, - , ,
Mr. Mulligan met me to-day on the street.
And he looks like a man from his head to
his feet;
Though his clothes are but coarse, they are
eotuely and trim,'
And no man dares to say, "Here's a health
to you, Tim!"
He will soon rent a cottage and live like
the best,
And the gossip do say with wise lifting
of fingers.
It la mil tor sweet charity's sake that he
. linger - .
In the How where God's peace settled down
In his breast.
When a soft, weary wing fluttered home
front the nest
Over to Mulligan's.
A Legal Mas.
Jadson T. Mills, of South Carolina,
was Judge ot a LMstric-t court id
Northern Texas, food of a joke, but
was very decided in the discharge of
us duty 1 nomas Jtaunin Simth was
i praeticin? ltwrer at the bar. and
having shamefully unstated the law in
his address to thi iurv. turned to tho
Court.'and asked the Judge to charge
the Jury accordingly. I he J udge was
indignant, and replied:
- Uoes the counsel take the Court
to be a fool?"
Smith was not abashed by this re
proof, but instantly responded:
"I trust your Honor will not insist
on an answer to that, question, as I
might, in answering it'truly, be con
sidered guilty of contempt of Court "
"Fine the counsel 10, Mr. Clerk,",
said the Judge. ,
Smith immediately paid Jhe money,
and remarked. "It was 10 more tha'n
the Court could show."
"Fine the counsel $50," said the
The fine was entered by the clerk,
and Smith, not being able to respond
in that sum, sat down.
The next morning, on the openine
of Court, Smith rose, and, with much
deference of manner, began: -
"May it please your Honor, the
clerk took that little joke of yours
rterday about the $M as serious, as
perceive from the reading of the
minutes. Will your Honor be pleased
to jnfof ui him of his error, and have it
erased?" s " ' , .
The cooluess f the request, and the
implied apology, pleased the Judge,
and be remitted the fice.
. ' ' j: : ' ' - .
His (ireal Ma m turn Civil Bihts
Bill sat she Haas af kesmca.
tatlves Use Ial.
sT.rc Arralcaursl the
: race esieel Claaae.
The Keeret r lae Wkele 1'alnra mt
Ike itlaeka - I'atalerlylsia: -that
Osaviflea r the
The Hon. -Julius C. Burrows, of
Michigan, made a grand speech before
the House of Representatives on
the 12th, on the civil rights bill. He
said, after a brief introduction ;
I had hoped, and the conn try had
reason to believe, that the great Deui
w ratio party had abandoned - their
unholy crusade against this much
abused race when in 1872, in national
convention they solemnly declared it
to lie one of their cardinal principles :
"We recognize the equality of all
men before the law, and hold that it
is the duty of the government in its
dealings with the people to mete out
equal and exact justice to all, of every
nativity, race, color, or persuasion,
religious or jiolitical."
Yet, sir, scarcely two years have
passed since the promulgation of that
sublime declaration ere we find the
representatives of that taiuo party
standing in this hall and, as one man,
protesting against any legislation
which will secure equal rights to the
black man or protect him in the en
joyment of equal privileges on public
conveyances, in the public inu, in the
common school, in places of public
amusement, or even in the cemetery
of the undistinguished dead. And
such now is the detestation of their
own creed that they rise up here in
the presence of the nation and protest
against its even being read.
Mr. Speaker, may I be (termitted to
say to my friends on the other side of
the chamber that, in my humble judg
ment, you have made a fatal mistake
and thrown away the golden opportu
nity of regaining the scepter of power.
In the face of that declaration; in the
face of your nomination of Mr. Gree
ley for the Presidency in 1872, the
unquestioned friend of the black man,
you could have committed no more
serious blunder than, in the firt flush
of victory, to have so suddenly
changed front and removed the masks
before j'ou were firmly seated in pow
er. Now look to it well
But, sir, to the bill. The measure
under consideration prohibits, among
other things, the proprietor of any
public conveyance, the keeper of any
public inn, and the manager of places
of amusement, from excluding any
citizen therefrom by reason of his
race, eolor, or previous condition of
servitude. It aoes net preveut the
proprietors of these institutions from
excluding a black man lor the same
reason that a white man could be ex
cluded. : You may exclude him if he
is obnoxious. You may exclude him
for any reason equally applicable to
every other citizen; but it does say
that if a black man, in other particu
lars unobjectionable, purchases a first
class ticket and seeks admission to a
railway car, the conductor shall not
say to him, "Stand back, sir; you can
not be admitted; you lielong to anoth
er race. it says to the inn-keeper,
when a black man stands at his door
and asks for shelter, food, and the
comforts of his inn, you shall not shut
the door in his face and say, "You
cannot be admitted." "Why, sir? I
have wealth; L will be orderly; 1 am
famishing; I am thirsty; I am perish
ing; give me food and shelter." "No,
sir, stand back ; you were once a slave.''
It prohibits the proprietors of places
of amusement from saying to the
black man, "You cannot participate
in the enjoyments of this place, be
cause you are black.'' Now, sir,
while the 'Republican party stands
pledged by every consideration of
honor to give these provisions of the
bill their unwavering support, ami
while these rights are conferred both
by the common law and the plainest
provisions of our Constitution, yet,
sir. here stands the Democratic party,
with the declaration of the equality
of all men fresh upon their lips, pro
testing against securing to five millions
of black citizens the simplest rights
pertaining to American citizenship.
This great party says to the black
man, ' You shall not ride in any pub
lic conveyance, because you arc black."
'It says to the black man who asks
shelter aud food at the puplie inn,
"Sleep under the canopy of heaven
and eat from the public sewer, but
you cannot have shelter or food at an
open ho'el.' It says to the man who
has control of places of amusement.
"You need not admit black men and
women to these entertainments, but
let I hem seek their own amusement
among their own race." It says to
the black man that "The cemetery,
for the support and beautifying of
which you have freely contributed,
shall not be ojvened to receive the
ashes of your dead kindred, but you
shall bury them by the road-side or
in the dismal swamp, but you shall
not let their unholv remains rest
within the iiiclosure where white men
Mr. Speaker, if there is any one
provision ot this bill more important
than another, it is that which relates
to the school system of the country.
Shall the common schools of the
country be accessible and open to all,
of whatever race or condition, or shall
they be for the few and the favored ?
This is the practical and only ques
tion. It needs but a glance at the
wants of the people, and particularly;
of the black race, in this direction, to
demonstrate that there should be bo
obstacle thrown in the way of the
freest and best schools. While the
census ot 1870 discloses the fact that
there were 6,144.740 white pupils in
the schools of this country, or about
one-fifth of the entire white popula
tion, only 1SU.372 blacks, or one in
twenty-seven, have any school facili
ties whatever.
From the same source of informs
lion we draw the startline fact t ha
while there are but 2,851,911 white
above the age of tea years, less than
one-twellth of the white population
who cannot wri!i the English lan
guage,-there are 27S9,6S9 blacks, o.
more than one halt of the entire pop v
ulatioa ofjhe black race, who canno ;
write a single word of any tongue oi
earth. ,nd yet, sir. in the presenc
of this appalling ignorance, we stand
here to-day debating the question
whether we shall guarantee free
schools to a free people. Sir, if
you would have good citizens, if you
would make the foundations of the
Republic secure, give to the present
and to the generations that are to
come after us the opportunity of ac
quiring that intelligence without
which no people, ean long hope to be
either great or free.
But it has been said that the black
people do not desire the enactment of
this provision relating to common
schools. Sir, among the numerous
petitions that have peen presented to
this body praying for the establish
ment of free schools, I hold in my
lnnd a copy ot one signed by ten
thousand citizens of this Republic.
Permit me to read it, and be this my
"We ask it at your hands beeatrse
we are citizens of this free Republic,
a part of the body-politic, and are de
prived of rights and respect which are
justly due us. We cannot travel upon
the railroads, steamboats', and tttages
without being subjected to inconveni
ence, proscription, and insult, and
when we apply for accommodations at
a public inn are refused. But we
meet the greatest barrier when we
present our children at the PUBLIC
schools and are rejected. All this
and more we are compelled to endure
because we are colored. We pray you
to remove these hinderances. so that
we may enjoy the common rigli's to
which we are entitled as citizens, tax
payers, and members ot the human
family. It is no special legislation in
our behalf that we ask for, but we ask
you to remove whatever legislation
there is against us. '
Now, while there is a conflict of
opinion upon the floor of this House
and in the country touching this
question of schools; while some are in
favor of no provision whatever for the
education of the colored race, and
others are advocating separate schools,
and yet others are favoring mixed or
free schools, for my single self I have
no hesitancy in declaring in tavor ot
that provision, and that provision
only, winch gives absolutely tree
schools for every child of the Repub
lic of whatever race or nationality.
For one, I protect here and now
against entering upon that course of
legislation which draws a line of de
marcation between American citizens
who by your laws and your Constitu
tion stand in absolute equality on a
common flag. You cannot submit to
it without doing violence to the spirit
of your institutions, trampling upon
your Constitution, and inaugurating a
course of legislation whose legitimate 1
end is the subjugation of the weak of
every class and race.
Mr. Sneaker. I now desire to call
the attention of the House to the pro
vision ol the. bill which allows the
establishment of scperate schools
where the local authorities shall so
determine. In no event can 1 give
this provision my support. To per
mit such a system and say it shall be
a compliance with the provisions of
this act n to establish by reileral Jaw
separate schools in the majority of the
States of this Union. Besides being
open to the criticisms which I have
already urged against class legislation
which no man can justify, it is subject,
it seems to me, to other objections of
the gravest character. In the first
place, it must be admitted that there
can be no permanent peace in the
country so long as there exists a de
termined prejudice and hostility be
tween two great classes of American
citizens, io allay this irritation and
brine each to the acknowledgment
aud respect of the rights of the other
is the hrst and highest duty of this
hour. Yet what do you propose by
this bill? While there was no pre
judice existing between the white and
black children when the blacks were
slaves; while they fed at the same
breast and played together on the
same lawn, you now propose by this
bill to commence at the very founda
tion of society with the rising gener
ation in your common schools and
implant in the breast of both races a
mutual abhorrence and detestation.
And what must lie the inevitable
fruits of such legislation? At the end
of a generation you will have produced
hostility between these races ten
fold more bitter than it is to-djy,
ending in a war of races and a sea of
But again, I object to this provision
oi the bill, because it will work a
manifest injustice to both races.
Wherever you establish separate
schools in any district it will neces
sarily do one of two things: It will
either double the expense of main
taining the schools, or it will diminish
the school facilities by lessening the
term. Suppose, to illustrate, you
have a school district where $200 ot
public money are expended for school
purposes and you have fifty children
n the district ot school age, twenty-
five black and twenty-five white: and
suppose you can employ a teacher at
S-T ir month. Now. bv maintaining
but one school you could have, with a
public fund of $200, a school term for
eight months in the year. But divide
this fund, employ two teachers, build
two school houses for the two races,
place the whites in one and the blacks
. i . i j ?i j
in t lie otner, ana you win reuueeyoar
school term to four months in the
year. Such a policy is an injury alike
to the black and white race. And
this wrong is to be inflicted, not with
the conseut or at the request of those
whom it most concerns, but at the be
hest of men whose better judgment
can but condemn it, and upon whom
rests the responsibility of shaping the
destiny of the Republic, but whose
prejudice is stronger than principle.
Again, sir, this provision for the
establishment of separate schools is
open to another, and. if possible, more
serious objection. It it should be
come a law, its pernicious influence
would I? felt in every State and Ter
ritory and reopen a contest, in many
parts ot the country, which has been
happily settled. By enacting this pro
vision you would take a step directly
backward, and undo in many of the
States the work of half a century. If
we have not the courage to go forward,
in the name of heaven let us be reso
lute enough to stand still and main
tain what has already been achieved
until braver and truer men shall take
our places. ;
Why, air, this is not a new question,
nor has the agitation of it been con
fined to any iarticular portion of the
country. There is not a State in the
J Union where the black man has not
been forced to fight his wav into the
common school against the prejudice
and passion ot the white race. Look
at the State of Connecticut. Her
"blaek code" has been expunged, and
be law of 1872 provides that "no
child shall be excluded from the pub
lie schools on accouut of race or
color." Pass this measure and the
work in Connecticut will be undone.
Look at Illinois. Prior to 1870 the
general school law proscribed negroes,
although some municipalities provided
for their education; but the law of
1874, passed but a year ago, prohibits
all sch M1 officers from excluding,
either directly or indirectly, any child
from the public schools on account of
color. Would you undo the work in
Illinois? Look at Iowa. The Su
preme Court of the State decided in
1808, that under the State Constitu
tion '"Boards of school directors have no
discretionary ower to require colored
child ren to attend a separate school.
They may exercUe a uniform discre
tion, operative upon all, as to the resi
dence, qualifications, freedom from
contagious disease, or the like, of
children, to entitle them to admission
to each particular school: but thev
cannot deny a youth admission to any
particular school because of his color,
nationality, religion, clothing or the
In harmony with this decision the
law ot 1872 declares that
"All the youths of the State from 5
to 21 years of age. irrespective ot re
ligion, race, or nationality, are enti
tled to equal school facilities.
I3 the victory of Iown to be over
turned? So it is in Massachusetts.
While in 1849 the Supreme Court of
Massachusetts decided "the general
school committee of Boston have
power under the Constitution and
laws of this Commonwealth to make
provision for the instruction of color
ed children in separate schools estab
lished exclusively for them, and to
prohibit their attendance in the other
schools," yet in 1854 the Legislature
abolished caste schools and by subse
quent legislation enacted .that "no
person shall be excluded from a pub
lic school on account of race, color, or
religious opinions." Will you now
permit this caste system to be revived
in Massachusetts under the sanctiou
of Federal law? Minnesota, too, by
the law of 1873, imposed a fine of $50
upon any school board which shall
exclude any child from the public
school "on accouut of color, social
position, or nationality." So has the
State which 1 have the honor iu part
to represent declared, through its eu
preme judicial tribunal, after a pro
tracted contest, that black children
have a right to admission into the
public schools on equal terms with all
others;" and its Legislature by sol
emn enactment has provided that "No
separate school or iepart.m ent shall
be kept for any erson on account of
race or color." Shall she be robbed
of the glory of her achievements?
Sir, I should be recreant to her best
interests and false to duty did I pot
protest against any measure which
would detract one iota from the merit
of her school system, in which her
people take such a just and honorable
But, sir, not only would this pro
vision allowing separate schools undo
the work already accomplished in
those States where mixed schools arc
established by law, but in all those
States where the contest is yet being
carried on for free schools the work
would be at once abandoned. When
Federal law shall permit separate
schools it would be idle for States or
individuals to continue the struggle
for equal advantage for every race.
Pardon me a word in relation to the
real cause of opposition to this bill,
particularly in that portion of the
country more thickly populated by
the black race. I fear our Southern
brethren object not half so much to
mixed schools as they do to any
schools whatever for their former
slaves. Whatever may be said about
this opposition springing from pre
judice, arising from color, race, or
previous condition, I am forced to the
conviction that the real secret of hos
tility lies in the fact that these black
people have become citizens and pro
pose to take part in the administration
of public affairs. It is be.tause they
have become an element in politics
and may possibly contest with the
white race of the South the right to
rule. nc ooutn to-aay is struggling uy
ft a . 1 1 .
every means in its jvower, aiueu ty
the Democratic party in the North, its
ally in war and peace, to regain its
lost authority in the State and Nation,
and to rebuild its shattered Klitieal
fortunes. Unwisely she seems to have
determined that the only means by
which this purpose can be accom
plished is by trampling upon the
rights aud liberties of the black race
and denying to them the equal protec
tion of the laws. Instead of extend
ing to them the right hand of fellow
ship and recognizing them as a neces
sary and important element in the
future of the South which might be
used for her highest advancement,
there seems to be a fixed belief that
the surest and quickest road to power
is over the rights of this race. Hence
I am not surprised at this opposition
to free schools in the South. As
ignorance was the chief rivet, the
main link in the chains of their thral
dom, so the continuation ol that
ignorance is the shameless, reward ly
weapon with whk-h they hope to make
their way back to power, while at the
same time it shall serve to fasten upon
their lormer slaves, by a system ot
vasrrant laws, a condition of serfdom
scarcely loss terrible than that from
which they have so lately escaped.
Full well is it known that if you
should give to the black man an equal
chance in the race of life, yon could
no more re-enslave him or trample
upon his liberties than you could hare
held hist in bondage except by making
it a penal offense for him to read the
word of God.
This, Mr, is the secret of this oppo
sition this the policy of the Demo
cratic paHy. Say not, then, this op
position arises from race, for they are
of no other race to-day than when as
slaves you received them into almost
every relation of life. Nor is it his
color. Indeed this nation is estopped,
in view of recent events, from ever
expressing any prejudice against a
man on account of the eolor, of his
skin. . A black king visits our shores.
The goMen gates of the West swing
wi-lj open to give him royal entrance.
The loud-mouthed cannon proclaims
his coming. Municipal authorities
hastened to greet him on his journey
across a continent and tendered to
him the hospitalities of their cities
Mate authorities rise up to do him
homage. The executive head f the
Nation admits him to the Presidential
Mansion, where the beauty and fa.-h
ion of the capi.al city crowd lor the
honor of his hand. Grave Senators
leave their seats and with the mem
bers of this House stand in solemn
reverence, while you, sir, descend
from your hiirh place to extend in be
half of a free people a nation's wel
come to his black Majesty. Will
it be said he was a king? Be thi
my answer : That there is not a black
man, however humble, though a lazza
roni, as the ecntleman from New
York has been pleased to call him, if
clothed with citizenship, that does
not wear a erown of royalty that
makes him the peer of any sovereign
on earth.
Sir, a word in conclusion and I have
done. I had hoped that this perse
cution againt the black race was at
an end. Is it not enouub. let me ay
to you on the other side of the cham
ber is it not enough that you have
, held him in slavery from generation
to generation ? Is it not enough that
you tracked him with bloodhounds in
his flight lor freedom and dragged
: him back to his thralldom? Is it not
euouiih that vou dabbled in blood the
' garments of our virgin territory in the
w ' ..a 1,
inhuman enort to drag her to the anar
of slavery, where the unholy prosti
tution might be consummated? Is it
not enough that you deluged the Re
public with blood and ridged it with
graves in the monstrous purpose to
, tear down the fair fabric ot a free
'. government and erect upon its rt'ins
, another, whose corner-stone should
be American slavery? Is it not
enough that you never gave a voice
. for the emancipation of this race? I
; is not enough that you resisted the
amendment to the Constitution which
abolished slavery throughout the He
public and made serfdom impossible?
Is it not enough that you sought to
deny him the right of citizenhip aud
the power of the ballot f Is it not
enough that in the sublime battle of
the last fifteen years you never struck
a blow or raised a voice in the cham
pionship of human liberty? I im
, plore you to pause in your mad career,
and at least gather and help to pre
serve the fruits ot the victory
' I gly Haas aail shjr he ReffarmeU A
Premise tea liy lug Manner.
I He had been missing from the "Po
tomac' for several days, and Cleve
land Tom. Port Huron Bill, Tall
Chicago, and the rest of the boys, who
-were wont to get drunk with him,
couldn t make out what had happened
They hadn't heard that there was a
warrant out for him, had never koowu
of his being sick for a day, and his
absence from the old haunts puzzled
them. They were in the Holc-in-the-.Wall
saloon the other morning, nearly
a doztnof them, drinking, smoking,
. and playing cards, when in walked
' Ugly Sam.
There was a deep silence for a few
moments as they loooked at him. Sam
had a new hat, had been shaved clean,
had on a clean collar and a white shirt,
and they didn't know him at first.
When they saw it was Ugly Sam they
uttered a shout and leaiied up.
"Give in that hat!" cried one. v
"Yank that collar oil !' shouted an
other. . .
"Let's roll him on the floor!" scream
ed a third.
; There was something in his look
and bearing which made them hesi
tate. The whisky red almost faded
from his face, and he looked sober
'and dignified. His features expressed
'disgust and contempt as he looked
around the room, aud then revealed
fpity as his eyes fell upon the red eyes
; and bloated faces of the crowd before
' him.
j "Why, what ails ye, Sam?" inquired
I Tall Chicago, as they all stood there,
i "I've come down to bid you good
i by,. boys!" he replied, removing bis
hat and drawing a cleau handkerchief
from his pocket.
"What! Hev ye turned preacher?"
they shouted in a chorus.
I "Boys, ye know 1 can lick any two
I of ye, but I hain't on, the fight any
j more, audT've put down the last drop
of whisky which is ever to go into my
1 ve switched off. 1 ve ta
ken an oath. I'm going to lie decent!"
"Sam, be yer crazy?" asked- Port
' Huron Bill, coming nearer to him.
, "I've come down hereto tell ye all
about it," anwered Sam. "Move the
l cha'rs back a little and give me room.
Ye all know I've been rough, and
more too. 1 ve been a drinker, a
fighter, a gambler, and a loafer. I
can't look back and remember when
I've earned an honest dollar. The
police hez chased me around like a
wolf, and I've been in jail and the
workhouse, and- the papers has said
that Ugly Sam was the terror of the
Potomac. Ye all know this, boys, but
ye didn't know I had an old mother."
The faees of the crowd expressed
amazement. "
"I never mentioned itto any of ye,
for I was neglecting her." he went on.
"She was a poor old woman, living up
here in an alley, and if the neighbors
hadn't helped her to fuel and food,
she'd have been found dead long ago.
I never helped her to a cent didn't
see her for weeks and weeks, and I
used to feel mean about it. When a
fellow goes back on his old mo; her
he's a-gitten' purty low, and I knew it.
Well, she's dead buried yesterday!
I was up there afore she died. She
sent for me by Pete, and when I got
there I seen it was all day with her."
"Did she say anything?" asked one
of the boys, as Sam hesitated.
"That's what ails me now," he went
on. "When I went in she reached
out her hand to me, aud, says she:
"Samuel, I'm going to jlic, and I
know'd you'd want to see me afore I
passed away!' I sat down, feeling
queer-like. She didn't go on and say
as how I was a loafer, and had neg
lected her, and all that, but says she:
'Samuel, you'll be alone when I'm
gone. I've tried to be a good mother
to you, and hare prayed tor you hun
dreds o nights, and cried about you
until my old heart was sore!' Some
of the neighbors had dropped in, and
the women were crying, and I'll tell
you I felt weak!" , , . .
He paused for a moment, and then
NO. 50
! "And the old woman said she'd like
to kiss me afore death e.ime. and trat
broke me right down. She kept hold
of my hand, and by-and-bye she whis
pered: 'Samuel, you are throwing
your life away. You've got it ia you
to be a man, it you'll only make up
your mind. 1 hate to die and feel that
my only son and the last of our family
may go to the gallows. If I had your
Iromise that you'd turn over a new
eaf, aud try and be good, it seems as
if I d die easier. Won't you promise
mo, my son?' And I promised her,
boys, and that's what ails me! She
died holding my baud, and I romised
to quit the low business, and go to
work. I came down to tell ye, and
now, you won't see me on the Potomac
again. I've bought an ax, and am go
ing up in Canada to winter."
There was a dead silence for a mo
ment, and then he said: '
"Well, boys. I'll shake hands with
ve all around afore I go. Good-by,
Pete good-by. Jack Tom Jim. I
hope ye won't fling any bricks at me,
ana I shan't never fling at any of ye.
It's a dying promise, ye see, and I'll
keep it if it takes a right arm!"
The men looked reflective at each
other after he had passed out. and it
was a long time before any one spoke.
Then Tall Ch icago flung his clay pipe
iuto a corner, and said:
"I'll lick the man who says Ugly
Sam's head isn't level !"
"So'll I !' repeated the others.
Detroit Free Press.
A Leaf Irani tbe l.tta; Bsak mt Jaaaice
' 1st a le troll Faliee Caurl.
"Young man, this is a pretty way to
commence the year 1875, isn't it?' ex
claimed His Honor, in the Central
Station Court, as Michael Smith stoo l
before him in pensive attitt
"I'm sorry,' replied the
Yes. so am I. It gives mo the
heartburn to see a youth cf twenty-
two flopped out here on a charge oi
drunkenness, it thats the way you
start off the new year, where do you
cxect to land at its closer
"I'll do better, sir I've sworn off.'
The court picked up bis snuff box.
gently tapped tbe bottom, removed the
lid, inhaled a fragrant pinch, and con
Mr. runtn, tnere s a scratch on
your nose, dirt on your chin, aud you
look demoralized out of your eyes, but
I'll try you. I don't want to tall on a
young man like a horse on a butterfly
the first time he comes here, but let
the first also be the last time with you.
Consider, sir, that you have had a nar
row escape. Go home and be wise."
John Robinson made New Year's
calls. He called on a salonukeener.
he called for liquor, called the liquor
good, and drank enough to trip him
up. Then he called for the police,
and when the police came he called
them liars and such. "
"1 was having a little fun," he ex
plained winking at His Honor. '
"John Robinson, are you aware
that this is a very solemn world?"
said the. court, "a world which has ten
heart-aches to one smile? Don't you
know that the grim shadow of grief
rests upon every door step, and that
the tomb-stones in the cemeteries al
most outnumber the trees in the forest?
There's wailing in every household,
John Robinson there's grief in every
heart. And yet you claim that you
were only having a little fun!"
"That's all, your Honor it was a
"It was sad fun, John Robiuson.
While all the rest of us were swearing
off and makiug double-back action
resolves you were lying at the corner
of an alley dead drunk. It is five dol
lars or sixty days, sir, and if thn case
was betore a Chicago police justice
he'd make it five hundred dollars or
a lite sentence. "'
"It's tlie last time!" exclaimed An
thony Hook, as he was brought out.
"ou"ve decided to quit, sir?"
"Yes, your Honor. Yesterday was
my last drunk, and I've been counting
up the cost, and I've made up my mind
to live sober and save money after
"Anthony Hook, you talk like a
insn! It does me good to hear a man
speak up that way ia this day and age.
it 8 like hnding a ten dollar bill while
one is pawing ovef the clothes-basket
to discover where the hired girl flung
his Sunday boots. Stand right up to
your resolution, sir I've been figur
ing a little, and 1 find that if a man
will stop drinking liquor, tea and cof
fee, go barefooted, steal his wood, get
trusted for his provisions, cheat the
landlord out of his rent, stard up in
c hnrch to save new-rent, and - live
economically in other respects, he can j
save at least eaUU per annum. Now, .
then, 4vhK a year for 400 years, is $200,
0110. Just think of that! - Without f
any effort to speak of you can in time I
oe worm i w.tsaj: 1 ou may go nomc, i
sir! '
law ( Play (be Plata.
It was a young woman with as many
white flounces round her as the planet '
Saturn has rings, that did it. She
gave the music stool a whirl or two.
and fluffed down on it like a twirl of.'
soap snd in a hand basin. Then she
pushed up her cuffs as if she was go
ing to fight for the champion's belt
Then she worked her wrists and hands
to limber 'em, I suppose, and spread
cut her fingers till they looked as they
would pretty much cover tbe key
board: from the growling end down to
the little squeaky one. Then these
two hands of hers made a jump at the
keys as if they were a couple of tigers
coming down upon a flock of black
and white sheep, and the piano gave a
great howl as il its tail had been trod
on. Then another howl as if the
piano had two tails and yon had trod
on both of 'em at once, and then a
grand clatter and scramble and string
of Jumps, up and down, baek ana lor-.'
ward, one hand over the other, like af
stampede of rats and mice, more than?
anything 1 call music. Oliver Wen
dell Holmes. , . .
George Alfred Town send saya of
Theodore Tilton : " "Let him eompose
a beautiful epitaph, repeat it to Mrs.
Woodhull acd a few hundred other
sympathetic old maids and grass
widows, and then get under it." -
It may not be uninteresting to the
ladies of this and other cities to know
that Mrs. Wa B. Aator. of New
York, whose husband pays $250,000
in taxes every year, owns a million
dollars' worth of diamonds. She
wears rosettes of the precious stones
on her slippers at jiarties.
1 lite square one ' fi"1"
For each subsequent insertion
iHr ,,,, ,, ', , j , , ,
! One square three I naertiuua..
(Htewquare three mouths
t Hie square six months--.-
ue square one yr .,,,,, , r , ,
ttie-fiwurth of a column one year ..J
Mte-hair of a column one year
lltree-fourths of a columa one year
Oite column, one year, changeable
quarterly ,.,,.,;... .,,,, . , , '
a.aea.1 Matleea Im eestfa aer Ittee
Jaanary XeeraJaurteaU lu-gtarf.
Tbe new year was ushered i.
amid worldwide lamentations upc :
the deaths of Tiwhendorff; tin
great biblical orlentalist,of LeJpt-i. .
German j ; Ledru Rollin, the Frcnt !
Republican, who figured prominent
ly in two revolutions; and Gen i:
Smith, the great American r hilar
thropist, who has jnst ptvsseil a!
with the expiring year.
The Rev. Israel H. Dieltl, pot. '
as an oriental tourist and explore-.
and wbo a few years ago lecturt i
throughout this country on "Bib
Lands," died near Gettysburg, 1. ,
Jan. 4.
Fredrick William I., ex-Elect, r
of Hesse Caesel, died Jan. T-
Emile Periere, the noted Frcutb
Itanker, wbo constructed " the F"
German Railway, died Jan. 7, age it
The Emperor of China died Jim
12. aged nearly 19 years.
Ex Governor Bramlette. of Kc:
tncky, died at Louisville, Ky., Jai.
Tbe Rev. P. F. Johnson, one "
the most effective and useful mil
tsters of the Ohio Conference
Methodist Church, died at Jeffc:
sonviile, Ohio, Jan, 18, aged neaily
52 years. He entered the Conft:
ence, in 1S68. ?
- Win. H. Aspinwall, an eminci)'
New York merchant, founder 1
the Pacific Mail Steamnbip Coiu
pany and the Panama Railroad,
died Jan. 18, aged 67, years. Hf
was a Christian man, ot gi eat lit
erality did much for the poor, for
missions, for theological seminarist ,
and for gospel work generally.
The Bev. Samuel Rinke, Senior
Bishop of the Moravian Churcl
died Jan. 12, at Bethlehem, Pa, h.
his 15l!i year,
Lorin Andrews, another princ
merchant of New York, died Jai
23, aged 65 years. He, too, war
noted for liberality in public ant''
private charities. He built aiu!
maintained a church in a then des
titute part of the city, gave $100,
000 to found, professorships in tin
New York University; and wbei
the .Atlantic Telegraph Comran;
weio almost despairing of tbe suc
cess of their grand project, b
cheerfully contributed 9100.000 to
the enterprise, thus insuring tbi
success cf an almost hopeless un
der faking, and Which has since,
even in his lifetime, so gloriously
blessed tbe world.
Mansell B. Field, of ' New York,
who was Assistant Secretary of the
United States Treasury under
Secretaries ('base, and Fessonden,
and McCulloch, and who was
known as a tourist and author,
died Jan. 21. aged 54 years.
Tbe Rev. Charles Kingsly, Canon
of Westminster, England, died Jan.
24, in his 5Cth year. " He was
the author of numerous works, re
ligious and philantropic. He is
recorded as one of the noble com
pany of 'English clergymen who
devoted their lives and energies to
the elevation of the poor. He
visited this country some two years
ago. ...
The Rev. George Traek, the.
celebrated and indefatigable anti
tobacco apostle, died at FiU bburg,
Mass., Jan. 25, aged 78 years.
The Rev. G. Fillmore, a veteran
minister of the M. E. church, in
Western New York, died Jan. 26,
aged 85 years. It is said that he
organized the first Methodist
church in Buffalo. N. Y.
Rev. John Gown, M. D., a mem
ber of the New York Conferem-e of
tbe Methodist . church, . died at
Canarsie, Long Island, Jan. 27.
Samuel Jarrold. of Norwich, ,
England, an honored and successful
pioneer worker in the temperance
cause, died Jan. 27, aged G'J jeais.
For the last quarter ol a century he
had been engaged in the publication
of tracks on all phases of the mov
ment, which were suplied on such
liberal terms as to be very freely
used in every city, town, and ham
let in the nation. He was not only
a leader in the temperance cause,
but a very zealous promoter of
primitive Methodism . Many church
es were built for that denomination
mainly through his liberality.;
Ohio courts granted 1,159 di
vorces last year.
A- T. Stewart paid 800,000 in.
duty last week.
Mrs. LydU Bradly is a - bank .
director at Peoria. - .1
When i a boat like snow? .
When she is adrift. f
Digestive organ grinders Stom- ,
ach and liver pills. , 'f ; " ,
Railway alternative Continuous
breakers or continual smashes. 1
No library in the United States
contains over 300,000 volumes. -
New Hampshire fanners have to
melt snow to water their cattle. -
Of eighty-eight counties in Ohio,
only eight are without a railroad. . .
An Englishman in Cleveland is '
going to start an oveter bed ia
Lake Erie. .,
The obsequies of Senator Stun-
ner cost the State of Massachusetts
$19,227.66. v- - y". . y : - -rJ
y A man in : Massachusetts, who ,
was stopped ou the road the other '
day by s highwayman, had tbe sat- -isfaction
of diseuveriag a long lost
brother in the footpad. -
Artists hve adopted different
emblems of charity. ' Ve wonder '
none of them ever tbonght of s "
piece of India rubber, which gives .
more than any other substance. ' "

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