i or ADTKBTIsYKtt .
Ouo aqoaro one Insertion.
for each subsequent insertion per
PUBLISHED EVEBY WEDNESDAY BY "
' B. W. DAVIS.
OLLOWAt IfAlTIS. Proprietors
One square thres i nnertton.
. 2 oe
One square three monthly.
tme square one y" ... . .... 15 00
One-fourth of a column one year. 86 00
OttS'half of a column one year 62 00
rhree-fourthsof a column one y ear 70 00
One column, one year, changeable
quarterly ... . - -- 100 00
IoeaI Hotleea ! cents her line.
One year, In advance
, 1 40
RICHMOND. WAYNE COUNTY, INDIANA, OCT. 20, 1875.
x muntiM -
rbree months .
"BE JUST AND FEAR NOTI LET ALIiTHE ENDS THOU AOTST AT, BE THY GOD'S, THY COUNTRY'S AND TRUTH'S! " . ;
Mali Tinae X '
pupa lroiu imn-i"" -
Wayne R R-, doses at 100 a. m.
(MHVU HOUTH 1. Including Cincinnati
and aH points beyond, cU ml o:( a in.
2 Including all places supplied from th
: Cincinnati KaUroad,:0U p.m.
OOINa EAST Including all pwces snp
pUed ron the Columbtw ft. K, an.!
all Eastern and Central States, and via
Dayton and Xenia Railroad, closes
at 12.-00 m.
OOISO WEST 1. Ineludini? Indianapolis
and all points beyond, clones 10:00 a. m.;
3. same as above, closes 70 p. m.; 3. iii-
eluding all potnts supplied by thelndi:
' nnuinlia Railroad. 30 p. m.
aWChieago and all polnta west and north
west, closes 7:00 p. m.
To Webster, Williamsburg and Bloomings-.
port, on Tnesday, Thursday and Satur-
To Cox's Mills, White Water.Bethel and Ar
lx, on Monday, Wednesday and Friday,
at 12:00 m. .
To Abington, Clifton and Liberty, on Mon-
day and Friday, at 70 a. m.
To Boston, Beechymire, Goodwin's Corner,
and College Corner, on Tuesday and
Friday, at 12:30 m. .
;J : : MAILS ARE OPKW'Y"-
At 80 a. in. from Indianapolis and Cincin
nati and beyond.
At 110 a.m. from Cincinnati, way anil
through malls, and from Dayton and
. Xenia Railroad. ,
At 40 p. m. from East via Columbus Rail
road, and Dayton and Xenia Railroad.
At 70 p.m. from North, via Chicago Rail
rood and Fort Wayne Railroad.
At 80 p. m. from Indianapolis and beyond.
Office open from 70 a. m. to 750 p: in.
On Sunday, from 8:30 to 10:30 a. m.
Dec. 1 1874. , B. W. UAVIS. P. M.
ritttthora-, Cincinnati and 8. 1-ouis
. PAN-HANDLE BOTTE.
DO DSNS' BI TIMK CARD.-OOIX'MBCS ANBIS-
ia:apoi.is division ov. 30. 1S74.
GOING WEST. " ' -
No. 2. No. 8. QSo.6. No. 10
PlttsbnrgJ 20 pm .". 23am 7:30am
Columbus 12:00 n't 5:25 pm;10:05am 2:o0pm
Mi'.'ord 1:14 am 6:38 pm';lt:15am 3:32pm
Urbana 2:02 aai 7:25 pinl2:05pni 4:35pm
Piqua 3:12 am! 8:5S pm 1:17pm 5:36pm
BradJun- 3:40 am 9:30 pm l:45pm 60pm
Ureenv'ie. 4:19 am 41 2:2Spm 6:35pm
Ricbm'di 5:23 am 10:25 am 3:Jpni 7:40pm
Cambri'ge 62 am 118 am 4:07pm 8:38pm
Knighton 6:48 ami 11:55 am 4:53pm 8:27pm
India'plls. 8:20 am) 1:20 pm 6:3opmilltpm
OOI5S IA8T. ........
. . - - (No. 1. No. 3. No. 5. No. 77
India'plis. 4:40am 70 pm 9:25ami 4:40pm
Kniehta'm 5:50 am 8:25 pm 10:50am, 5:o0pm ;
Cam brl'ge 6:30am 9:10 pm 11:44am,1 6:25pnt
Richm'nd 75 am 100 pm 12:25pm 70pm
Oreenv'le. 8:15am No.. 1:31pm; 8:05pm
BradJun- 8:40am 6:00 am 20pm! 8:30pm ,
Plana .1 :IOam 6:27 am l:Kpiu 8:56pm ',
Urbana .. 10:10am 7:38 am 3:52pm; 9:53pm
Milford 10:48am 8:30 am 4:40pm hfc34pm
Columbus i 11:45 am 9:50 am 5:55pm!ll:30pm
Pittsburgh 70 pm 2:03am i 6:45ara .
Kos.L6,7andl0runDaily. All other trains
, Daily .except Sunday.
Rlehinond and Cnleago Division.
Nov. 30, 1874. .
No. 2. j No. 8. - j No. 10.
Clnciiinat.!. i 7:30 am ! 70 pm
Richmond 1 10:30 am 10:10 pm
Hagerst'n. .. L..'ll:18am !15S pnt
Newcastle 11.50 aru 11:21 pm
Anderson 1:10pm 12:18 am
Kokomo... 30 pm ; 1:55 am
Logansp't J 40 pm 35 am
Crown Ft 75 pm 6:'A am
Chicago . 90 pm! .80 am
' No. 1. No. 3. j j "
Chicago. 7:50 pm 820 am'
Crown PL. 9:40 pm 104 am !
Logansp't. 12:40 am 10 pm
Kokomo 1:45 am 2:20 pm j
Anderson. 3:37 am 4:11 pm
Newcastle 4:37 am 68 pm -
HagerRt'n. 58 am 5-38 pm .; ......
Kii-h inoml 5:50 am 6r20 pm; ..
Cincinnati 90 am 925 pm! 1 .
No. 10 leaves Richmond daily. No 1 leaves
Chicago daily. All other trains run daily,
except Sunday. - ,
Ca UtUe Miami Division.
Nov. 30, 1871.
, GOING WKST.
I No. 2. No. 4. I No. 6. No. 10. :
Pittsburg 20 pm . . 2:03 am 7:30 am
UresJnnci 9:12 pm 7:28 am r12:35 pm
Columb's 120n't. 50am;105am 2:50pm
London 15 am 6rJ0 am 1 1 1 :15 am 3:42lpm
Xenia-. . 2:20 am 7:30 am 12:20 pm 4:37 pm
Morrow 3:40 am 1:25 pm 5:30 pm.
Cincinati 5:15am ..... 20pm 6:50pm'
Xenia 12:20pm 4:37pm
Dayton.. 8:35am 1:20pm 6:15pm
RichmM . 3:15pm .
Ind'polls I 8:30pm
GOING BAST. - ' -'
pNo. 1. No. 3. No. 5. No. 7
Ind'polls I ; 9:25 am L :J.Z
Rlchinnd 12:40 pm).
Dayton.i 6:50am 2:45 pm
Xenia , 7:45ara 3:50pm : ,
t'inciuntit 7:45am l:20pmi 75 pm
Morrow) 9:03 am . 2:48 pm) 8:30 pin
Xenia ! 9:55 am 7:50 am 3:55 pml 9:30 pm
London (10A1 am 9:(K)am 5n5pm 10:35pm
Columb 's: 11:45 ami 105 am 6idpm lldO pn
DresJunci l:57pmj.. I SOpm liSS am
Pittsburgi 70 pml 2:03 am 6:45 am
Nos. 1, 67. and 10 run Daily to and from
Cincinnati. All other Trains Dntly.exeept
Tkn-uA.. (.wmmI Tl.w . .
C. R. - Ft. Wayne Railroad.
Q R ml A exJOiO am Tortland ac. 90 am
Portland ac 40 pm I O R m'l ft ex. 6:25 pm
'pNY'O.HACY,erNanl Cnarmf nfr'.
I IIow either sex mav fnMirin uml
they ehuose Instnntl-. This simple mental
acquirement all can possess, free, by mail,
tor 25c., together with a marriage. guUle,
Kgyptian Oracle. Dreams, Hints to Ladies'
Wedding-Night Shirts, etc. A queer book.
. Add ressT. WILLIAM & CO., Pubs, Phila
delohia. 22-4 w
Manhood : How Iiost,
Sow Restored !
x.it Just published, a new edition of
' t-amnreiii celebrated
aSC Eaany on the ritdical cute (wlth-
1 - out medicine) of Kpermatohuhoka
or Seminal Weakness, Involuntary Semi
nal Losses, I.hpotency, Mental and Phys-'
ical Incnpacity, Impediments to Marriage,
etc.; also, Consumition. Epiivepsv and
Fits, induced by self-indulgence or sexual
- Price, in a sealed envelope, only six
The celebrated author. In this admirable
Essay, clearly demonstrates, from a thirty
years successful practice, that the alarm
in? consequence of self-abuse may be rad
ically cured without the dangerous use of
Internal medicine or the application of the
knife; poir ting out a mode of cure at once
simple, certain, and effectual, by means ol
which every sufferer, no matter what bis
condition may be, may cure himself cheap
ly, privately, and radlcallv.
This Lecture should' be In the hands
of every youth and every man in the land.
Sent under seal, In a plain envelope, to
any address, post-paid, on receipt of six
cent or two post stamps. .
Address the publishers,
C'HAS. J. KLINE & CO..
127 Bowerv, New York ; P. O. Box, 4586.
ui:sti;s b. yocxg, .
ATTORNEY AND NOTARY.
Office In room over Oeorge W. Barnes
Grocery. Richmond Indiana. "
o i9ft IleJi,ay at home- Terms free
14 Jtf Sr.
an. 19, 186.5. fly
An irate editor thns parodies a
passage from Ijongfellow's ."Hia
watha." It portrajs the woes of
every country editor:
Should you ask us why this dunning,
' Why these sad complaints and murmurs,
Murmurs loud about delinquents
Who have read this paper weekly,
Read what they have not paid for,
Read with pleasure and with profit,
Read o! church amiiis and prospects,
Read of news both home and foreign.
Read the essays and the poems, ':
Full of wisdom and instruction
Should you ask us why thisdunuiiig,
: We should answer, vie should tell you,
From the printer, from the mailer.
From the kind old paper maker,
From the landlord, from the carrier,
From the man who taxes letters
- With a stamp from Uncle Samuel
Cncle Sam the rowdies call him;
From them all there comes a message, .
Message kind but firmly spoken,
; "Please to pay us what you owe us."
Would you lift a burden from us? '
Would you drive a spectre from us?
Would you taste a pleasant slumber?
Would you have a quiet conscience? .
Would you read a paper paid for?
Send ns money send us money;
Send ns money Bend us money;
Send the money that you owe us.
THE STATE LIBRARY.
Cariosities ol literature and Relies
of War A Place Little Known but
well Wortb Getting Aecqnainted
with A Mtory Iran Ancient His
toryA Few or the Cariosities.
From the Indianapolis Sentinel.
The state library is a terra incogni
ta, a place sometimes heard of, but
never visited by a great majority of
the citizens of the state and even of
this city. Why this is so is "one of
those things no fellow can find out."
In former years one small room was
sufficient to contain all its works, but
it gradually increased in size until,
when the state officers removed to the
building they now occupy, it seized
upon the entire west side of the lower
floor of the state house and now fills
it with all such things as a library is
exiected to contain, and a great many
things which ' surprise the ; visitor.
One entire room and parts of two
others are filled with curiosities of a
general nature, and mementoes of the
Mexican and civil wars. On entering
the curiosity room one of the first ob
jects to attract attention is a laded
dressing gown, hanging in a glass case.
Not that there is anything peculiar in
its appearance, but it is an unexpect
ed sight in such a place. The inscrip
tion . on the card attached shows that
the garment was once the property of
the infamous Wirtz, the commander
of the horrible prison pen at Andcr
sonville. It is made of brown cloth,
having through it stripes of mingled
brown, red, black and white, and an
ordinary enough looking garment to.
have - been worn by a less notorious
parsonage than its former owner. It
was captured and presented to the
library by Lieutenant Sherman, oi
company C, 32d Indiana volunteers.
As showing the extremities to which
the soldiers were often put for writing
material, there is hanging in the same
case a letter from the well known and
erratic E. M. B. Hooker, of the 20th
Indiana, addressed to Governor Mor
ton, v The letter is written on
, A PIECE OF THIN BARK
tripped from a tree under which the
writer was encamped and is dated
"July 24th, 1862, Army ol the Poto
mac, Turkey Bend of James River."
It is written in Hooker's characteris
tic style, and expresses the intention
of the soldiers -to go "on to Rich
mond." One of the most prominent
objects of interest is an ancient armor
of brass and steel which was brought
back from the "balls of the Montezu
ma's" by some enthusiastic volunteer
in the Mexican .war. A look at it
brings to mind the pictures sometimes
seen by wealthy people on the backs
of national currency, in which DeSoto
and his mailed explorers first shove
op their vizors to gaze upon the tur?
gid waters of the Mississippi. The
armor may have been worn by Cortez,
when be marched through the land of
the ' Bun but probably it wasn't.
Side by side with this armor is a
breastplate, found in Zollicoffer's
evacuated camp, on the morning . of
January 20, lbt2, by Lieut. Col. Kisc,
of the Tenth Indiana. ., It is hardly
gotten up in the handsome style of its
companion, but has dents in it that
show what would have been the fate
of its wearer had he been unprotected.
As showing what the ladies at home
were doing for their husbands, lovers
and lrienus who were wearing the
blue on Southern battle-fields there
are displayed a number of flags and
badges, relics of the "Sanitary Fair"'
of 1864. Among the mementoes of
'"the days of 76" is a case of fac si mi
lies of continental money, from 1764
to that issued in accordance with an
act of the first congress. The first
of the value of twenty shillings was
printed by Benjamin Franklin, a gen
tleman who attained some notoriety.
during the war ana me troullous
times following it and also published
some of the sayings of one '"Poor
Richard." The last ii of tho value of
$2, "Spantshed Milled.", Ifrom among
a mass of old documents, relics of the
mound builders and implements of
the Aztecs, there stares up a copy of
the inaugural address of Gov. Jen
nings, delivered in 1816. As the vici
tor turns to leave the room he is con
fronted by a lot of tea box hieroglyph
ics which he, on closer investigation,
discovers to be the , signatures of a
party of Japanese acrobats who stop
ped at the old Palmer house several
years ago. Col. Jeff. Scott contribu
ted the curiosity, which is of great in
terest to Celestial visitors to the li
brary, that is, it will be when they
come.' Here also are kept the flags of
the regiments that went from this
state during the war, and some of
those captured from the other side.
SOME RAKE BOOKS.
Here and there on the shelves are
rare old works, which would delight
the soul of a book worm, especially
one who rejoices in the dead languages.
Among the works in Latin is a com
mentary on the entire Scriptures.
Were it not in five large volumes it
could scarcely sustain the title, which
is: "Mathaei Poli, Londiniensis, Sy
nopsis, Criticorum, Aliorumquc Scrip
turse Sacra;. Intcrpretum et Comment
atorum sumnio ab eodem studio and
fide adornata. Edito recentior, revisa
et amendis plurimus repnrgara. Cum
priviligie Sacrac Caesara: Majestatis.
Francafurti at Meaeiium. typis et im
pensis, Johannia Phillipi Andrte, An
no MDCCXI1." It would seem that
with such a title as that the work
could not live 163 years, as it has. To
persons interested in the development
of the world, "Churchill's Voyages"
are very interesting. - These were col
lected by the Churchills from the
works of various authors, and in De
cember, 1700, ...William 'III., granted
the publishers coryright papers. The
volumes in the library were printed
by the ass-ignees of the Churchills in
1744. A large volume bearing the
date of "15S8 contains the works of
Thucydides in the Greek, with Latin
notes and explanations.- There arc
shelves and shelves full of magazines
of all sorts and dates, among them
the North American Review from
1815 to 1841, the Edinburg Review
from 1803 to 1851. and the files of
Harper since its first appearance,
minus a few volumes stolen by some
one. Of course, the works of all the
standard authors of this century, and
many of the last, find a place in the
library, and it will surprise many to
know that the much abused Patent
Office Reports are called for more fre
quently than almost any works in the
LIVING ON AIR.
In glancing over the works the wri
ter came across the Philosophical
Transactions of the Royal Society of
London for the year 1777, In that
volume is detailed the history of a
fasting woman who puts to shame all
modern imitators. Let thtm hide
their heads in shame, if they can live
on nothing for but a few months or a
year. This case is reported by Dr.
James McKenzie and certified to by
half a dozen responsible and well
known persons in that day and neigh
borhood, and occurred in Scotland,
where to be sure almost eveerythin
is remarkable. The account sets forth
that Janet MacLeod, of the parish of
Kincardine and the shire of Ross, had
an epileptic fit in the 15th year of her
age and this attack was followed by a
fever, in consequence of which she
lost the power of using the muscles of
her eyelids and was compelled when
she wanted to see anything to prop,
them open with her finger, though
she seemed otherwise to be in good
health. At Whitsuntide, in the year
1763, she refused food and drink, and
her jaws became locked together. A
horn spoon was used to force them
open and a little thin gruel put into
her mouth, but she did not swallow it
and it all ran out of the corners of
her mouth. During four years the
family never knew her to swallow a
bit of food or drink, except a pint of
water, which she drank at one time,
but evidently did not like it, for she
never rereated the experiment. Dr.
McKenzie examined her and found
that she had as healthy an appear-
ance, her ssin was as son ana her
limbs ns round and plump as though
she was taking her three meals a day
of oatmeal and other substantial?.
One peculiarly happy thought of brs .
was not to say anything or worry the
family, as sick people usually do. A
queer circumstance of her malady was
the tact that she could not lie on her
back, and if put in that position would
immediately roll over onto her side,
but not by her own volition, for she
was unable to move. At tne end ot
this little resting and cheap boarding
spell of four years she became well
enough to move about the house and
eat about as much as is ordinarily re
quired for the support of a child two
years old.' Ah!
In all there is much in the library
to interest one who has the time to
visit, and it is of late becoming better
known than in former years, when it
was under the charge ot less agreeable
persons than Mr. L. Dalton, the pres
ent librarian, and Miss Maggie Fitz
gibon, his assistant, who endeavor to
entertain all visitors and make the
place a pleasant one.
Col. Bethea, a member of the Ala
bama Constitutional Convention, is
cited as a lawyer, whoso career was
brief but brilliant. He had only one
case in his life, and that involved a
large amount'of property, his fee of
$60,000 depending upon his success.
He won, received his fee, and with
raurefs fresh upon him, retired from
the bar. . .
Mrs. Senator Sprague is in Wash
ington. She visited the Capitol dur
ing the week,-in company with Mr.
Jones, the sculptor, who cut the por
trait bust of her father. And, after a
careful examination, Mrs. Sprague ex
pressed herself entirely satisfied with
the work-in every respect. This bust
of the distinguished Chief Justice,
will be placed in the Supreme Court
room. " - - .
Mr. Warner Tries It.
Mr. Warner, a respectable and law
abiding citizen of Baker street, rode
home in an express wagon the other
day, having a hand fire extinguisher
and the driver lor company.
"What's that thins?' asked his
wife in contemptuous tones; as she
opened the hall door.
"What's that? Why that's a fire
extinguisher best thing you ever
saw meant to have got one a year
"Jacob you are always making a
fool of yourself," she continued as
she shut the door. "Every pafent
right man gets around you as a cat
lays for a mouse."
"Does, eh? If you know anything
at all you'd know that every store and
office, in Detroit has one o' these.
They've saved lots of buildings, and
may save ours."
"You throw it at the fire, don't
you?" she asked in sarcastic tones.
He carried it up stairs into a closet
without replying, and she followed on
'Don't it shoot a fire out?"
"If you don't know anything, I'll
learn you something! It is full of
chemicals; you strike on this knob on
top and she's all ready to open this
faucet and play on the fire.
She grinned as she walked around
it, and finally asked:
"Do you get a horse to draw it
"No, I don't get a horse to draw it
around. Yon see these straps? Well,
I back up, put my arms through them,
and here it is on my back." .
"I see it is," she sneered.
"And can't I run to any part of the
house with it?" he demanded. "See
And he cantered alone th liall
into the bed-rooms aud out, and was
turning the hend of the stairs when
his foot caught in the carpet. He
threw up his arms and she crabbed at
him, and both rolled down stairs. He
yelled and she yelled. Sometimes he
was ahead, and then she took the lead,
and neither of them had passed under
the "string" when the extinguisher,
bumping and jamming, began to shoot
off its charge of chemicals.
' "You old 1" she started to say,
when a stream from the hose struck
her between the eyes, and she didn't
finish. .... -
"What in o u-c-h!" roared Mr.
Warner, as he got a dose in the ear.
They brought up in a heap at tho
bottom of the stairs, the stream play
ing into the parlor, against the hall
door, and up stairs by. turns, and she
gasped: . i
"I'll have you sent to a fool asy
"Who's a fool?" he roared, dancitg
around with his eyes full of chemicahv
" "I'm fainting!" she squeaked.
"And I've broken my back!" he
It was a sad house when those two
highly respectable old people got so
that they could use their eyes and
discuss matters calmly. And she
doubled up her fist and hoarsely said:
"Take that investigator, or distin
guisher, or whatever you call it, back
down town, and tell every body that
you are a lunatic."
And he said:
"Dummit, I know more than all
your family put together." Detroit
Free Press. '
OUR COMMON SCHOOLS.
Itevlews, Examinations, and Pro
BY GAIL HAMILTON.
It is never to be forgotten that a
city school of six or eight or ten hun
dred children cannot be so easily and
simply conducted as a country school
of forty or fifty pupils.- On the other
hand, it is equally important to re
member that the multiplication of
machinery is not in itself a mark of
excellence; that the. greatest attain
able fimplicity is just as desirable in
a large school as in a small; Machin
ery is only means to an end. Every
thing which tends to exalt the ma
chinery above the. work which it pro
duces is wrong, and all such machin
ery is not only useless to the pupils,
but is a needless expanse to the com
munity which sustains the schools.
It seems to me that our whole sys
tem of reviews and examinations in
schcol is burdensomely cumbrous and
extravagantly expensive. I may as
sume that the memory of our own
school days is fresh in all our minds.
We can very well recall the interest
we took in some studies, the lack of
ioterestwe felt in others. I doubt
not our experience is almost univers
ally the same. ; The first breaking of
ground was delightful. We took ech
lesson eacn uny wun iresn interest.
But when tbe book was finished and
the two or three weeks of review came
it was all a drag: Neither teacher
nor pupil had the stimulus of novel
ty. I would abolish the whole sys
tem of reviews. The very fact that
they are without interest is a strong
indication that they are without ben
efit. Hut without a review how can
the pupil pass his examinations and
be promoted? .1 would abolish tbe
examination, too. No one whose at
tention has not. been called to it can
guess the burden which the close and
careful investigation of the huudreds
of thousands of annual, semi annual,
and tri-annual examination papers in
the grammar schools and high schools
imposes upon teachers. It is a wholly
dry, uninteresting, and exasperating
work, and it is equivalent to the em
ployment of a regiment of extra
teacher-force. It is no part of the
natural duty ot a teacher and I cannot
see that it is productive of the least
good. The pupil's standing for the
next term or the next year is determ
ined by it. But the teacher knows
beforehand perfectly ' well what the
pupil's standing ought to be; and if
he wants to formulate that standing,
lo prevent tbe possibility ol its being
decided or suspected of being decided
by the pique or partially ot the teach
er, to nave something to show the
parent as a reason for his son's pro
motion or degradation, there is the
daily record of his daily recitation
and behavior a standard just as sta
tistical and fixed and far more trust
worthy. . -, ; ,
Multiplication is the very best re
view of addition. Division is the very
best review of subtraction. " Algebra
is the proper review of arithmetic,
and rhetoric and logic are the best
reviews of grammar. Tbe cram of a
three weeks' review preparatory to an
examination has no more tendency to
fasten facts in the mind than the
building up of a new science on the
foundations of the old. Every day's
lesson should be thoroughly learned
and exactly recorded. Tbat .record
at the end of the term should decide
tbe pupil's rank for the next term. It
be has studied faithfully and mastered
fairly, be has derived all the good
necessary from the pursuit. A two
or three weeks' cursory ramble over
the old ways, which have lost their
novelty, will but fatigue and bore
him, to little purpose. If he have
been idle and unfaithful, he will not
be likely to recover much ground in
two weeks. Let him feel that it is
minute daily fidelity that must do his
work, and not a lazy, careless loung
ing for ten weeks, to be made up by a
spasmodic spring at the end. . This is
neither scholarly nor business-like.
If his daily record gives him the
requisite percentage for promotion,
he is promoted. If not, he remains
where ho is. But the faithful and
studious, though necessarily some
what flagging, not to say jaded pupils,
are not stimulated by the factitious
interest of a test examination to tread
over again a path from which their
feet have already beaten out the
greenness and their hands have
plucked the flowers. -
I even venture to go further, and
question whether a pupil's advance
from class to class shall depend so
entirely upon his standing in the low
er class. Ambition is a great spur;
but, first and last, there are many
dull, stupid, plodding children, who
are consientious and industrious, but
who never seem actually to master
anything. They hang on a study and
clutch a few rags of fact here and
there; but they are constitutionally
disabled from comprehending it
There are others not stupid, but one-'
sided. They may be unconquerably
dull at figures, but instinctively clever
in history. I knew a girl who went
through her botany with but one an
swer to every question, to the great
amusement of her classmates. It was
sheer stupidity that could give only
the one plaintive, pathetic, hesitating
response of "cellular tissue." But it
was a clear case of genius when a lit.
tie Cambridge boy the other day
closed his list of the exports of Mas
sachusetts with "many learned men
from Havard College." If such chil
dren must stay in the fourth class un
til they have an intelligent and con
sistent acquaintance with fourth-class
studies, they may mull on in the
fourth class forever, or be disheart
ened and disgusted and leave school.
But they will imbibe, pick up, and
otherwise possess themselves of a
great deal of stray information regard-
inir those studies, and thev won Id dailba Jiioria ot baptism and so, to be
tbe same regarding tbe studies of the
third class and the second class and
the first class, if they could be per
mitted to enter those classes. Now,
as their parents must pay their lull
share of the taxes which Bupport the
higher classes and the high schools,
is it quite fair that these children
Bhould be deprived of all the advan
tages of the schools because they can
not utilize some of them? If a boy
cannot do the very .best, should he
not be encouraged to do the next
best? If he cannot get as much out
of arithmetic as his neighbor, is that
a reason why he should not be allowed
to get anything out of algebra or
chemistry? would certainly insti
tute a compromise here. Let the sy s
tem of marking be the same as it now
is. Let any proper per centage be re-,
quired for rank admission to a class.
But let there be such a thing as ad
mission without rank. If, upon con
sultation parents prefer that their
children Bhould not remain in the
lower class, but should go into tbe
advanced class without rank, let them
ga to seize an J assimilate what
knowledge they can, to get all the
floating benefits that come from class
association, and to find perhaps by
and by the very stimulus they needed
to start them in some new and bright
er career, or at the very least, to
gather from novelty and variety all
the information that can be available
to them. Ambition will not be dis
pensed with for these alone arc hon
orary members who have won their
spurs; but neither will slowness and
dullness be doomed perpetually to the
outer darkness of the monotonous
lowest class. The bright pupils will
not be kept back, for the tasks will be
set to their measure, and not to that
ot the weaker brethren. They will
have all the credit of proficiency, all
the aids to ability, and all tbe stini
ulous of competition; while the more
slow, perhaps more htupid, but per
haps also more Tgif ted, more peculiar,
and more original minds will be able
to eet out of the school - training ev
erything in it which is adapted to
their nature and capacities.
Don Piatt, describing Madame Tus
saud's wax-work show in London,
tells of a funny little episode of recent
To the great mass of visitors after
night these wax figures are so life-like
and real that it is dangerous to get
out ot line, for it is not uncommon to
have some weary man or woman, who
has seated himself or herself, to be
mistaken for a wax creation, and
commented upon aud .criticised by
tbe crowd. ' This is what happened to
Raymond," the actor, who has made
Col. Sellers immortal. '.-
John was tired, and so hinged into
an old chair. He had not observed
the number placarded over his head
that indicated he was occupying the
seat of a wax figure removed for rc-
Efiirs. Thcrowd soon gathered about
inv, and at first Raymond thought he
was subjected to a common process of
being stared at as Col. Sellers. Then
it flashed acioss his tun-loving brain
that he was being mistaken for a wax
figure, for one of the ladies exclaim
"How very life-like and natural, to
be sure ! Who is it?"
Catalogues were hastily searched,
and Raymond humored the joke by
putting a glass glare in his eyes. This
was not so pleasant as it at first ap
peared, for directly a man among the
crowd said : ' ,
"Well, I rather think he is the'
ugliest little fellow I ever saw."
"It is positively the most horrid
looking creature in the place. Who
is it?" asked a lady. :
The number was found and the ac
count read out:
"Tom Thug, the cruellest murderer
ever hung; cut the throats of a whole
family of lourteen persons for the tri
fling Bum of ten pounds eight shillings
and sixpence." '
"Well, I'll be hanged," cried Ray v
hinnd. jumping to his feet, "if it is
possible to make a charge in England
without tacking on that miserable
sum of sixpence. I believe the late
Mr. Thug was swindled."
The crowd laughed and screamed.
One more cool bystander said, "O,
bother! that is an old game here.
This little fellow is hired to do this
Madame Tussaud pays him one pound
six shillings "
"If you say sixpence," cried Ray
mond, "I'll make the number of the
murdered an even filteen."
As a fashionable young lady, fresh
from the boarding-school, came to
her father's breakfast-table, instead
of speaking English and saying "Good
morning," she spoke French, and said
"Bon jour." "Of course the bone's
yours, if you say so," responded the
practical old gentleman, as he handed
her the ossified portion of a beefsteak.
What a splendid accent she must
have had! -
Yesterday morning, when a man
entered his house after an all night's
absence, his clothes covered with mud
and his hair full of grass, his wife
sternly demanded: "Now, then, where
have you been?" "Whirivi' bin?"
'Yes, Bir." "Well," he replied, look
ing at himself, "you can call it blode
up on a steamboat, or run over by a
tornado -I ain't a bit partickler
which." Vicksburg Herald.
mi nsn-snTnh ' ' "
Salyini raked in $25,000 in his last
London season. He is said to be now
worth about $175,000, mostly made by
THE CIRCUIT RIDER.
A Story of Home Twenty Tears As;o.
Every Methodist who has failed to
read Edward Eggleston's "Tbe Cir
cuit Rider." has missed a volume of
fun as well as much information.
The author was himself a Methodist
preacher in the earlier, days when
conferences were held in log cabins
that sent preachers among the alliga
tors of Mississippi as well as into the
bear forests of Michigan.
Just now we remember one of the
stories that afiorded us much amuse
ment when wc read the book.-. In
those days preachers went to the
Almighty for directions upon any
subject that perplexed them: They
believed they got direct orders just as
a subordinate in the Treasury De
partment at Washington now gets
directions from Hon. John C. New.
One good brother was in doubt about
sure that he was right.'went to head
auartcrs for a solution of the vexed
j question, a question that very foolish
Jy is a vexed one to tbis day. As was
the custom, he went to the woods it
was generally believed then that Deity
inhabited tbe groves more than he
did the fields cr villages. This broth
er determined to pray until he got an
answer and he did it, but it took a
long while seven days. At the end
of that tussle, tho brother was seen
coming from the woods, his hair
streaming behind him, bis face look
ing gaunt his stomach feeling gaunter,
but with joy beaming from his eyes.
He was running at full speed and at
every jump shouting "hallelujah ! im
mersion ! hallelujah ! immersion !"
(We don't ciiarge our "Campbellite"
friends anything for this advertise
ment of their mode).
This story reminds us of another
nearer home and one that did not eud
so satisfactorily. About twenty years
ago, William Lindley. who then lived
on what is known as the Covalt farm,
seven miles east, had joined the Unit
ed Brethren church and thought he
had a call to preach but was not cer
tain it might be indigestion or Bome
other ailment. One day while he was
plowing the subject had a distressing
bearing on his mind and he determined
to have the question settled. He stop
ped the plow and betook himself to the
woods. . Before starting, he decided
that the right place to pray was at a
certain large stump by an old sugar
camp, and to make the matter more
certain ho agreed with himself that
he would shut his eyes and so if he
got over the fence and to the partic
ular stump with his eyes shut the fact
would be quite as much of an answer
to his serious inquiry, as the return
order report from his . praying. ; He
started, got over the fence, ana Boon
was inextricably entangled in; the
bush ol the top of a fallen tree. ; He
had to open his eyes to get out. " Still
not discouraged ho closed his eyes
and after taking the bearing started
again. lie- proceeded , cautiously but
finally fell over a rotten log. " Rolling
the log in his fall, a large nest of yel
low jackets were stirred. The littje
venomous animals made him open his
eyes wide and they stuDg him almost
to death. Ele fought them off, slap
ping his face, ."mashing" the jackets
under his pants, on his legs and other
parts of his body. When he got rid
of them he discovered that he had
taken a course directly away from the
selected stump." He decided that he.
had no call and went back to his plow.'
Some years afterwards he left the
"Brethren" church and united with
the Dunkarda. This sect don't wait
for "calls" but elect their preachers.
Brother Lindley was elected and is
still preaching. . '
ELOPEMENT AND PURSUIT.
The Statesman and the Heiress-.
Incident in the Life of William I
" From the Buffalo Courier. , ;
Win. L. Marcy was called to' thei
bar in October, 1811- Acting under'
the advice of friends, he opened an
office in Troy, N. Y., and commenced
the practice of his profession. He
was surrounded by experienced aud
gifted lawyers, who controlled the
houors and emoluments of their pro
fession. Young Marcy, deficient in
those brilliant and ready taleDts so
attractive to the public, though pos
sessing erudition and strong intellec
tual powers, did not at first meet with
professional success, but, taking au
appeal to the future, ; be patiently
awaited the developments of - time.
With great labor and perseverance be
perfected himsell in thoe old acquire
ments which subsequently rendered
him conspicuous before the world as a
lawyer, judge, diplomatist and states
man. ' ii '
Amoug the characteristics that dis
tinguished the early days of Mr. Mar
cy's professional lile was carelessness
in regard to dress. .Though Jie was
not, like Martin Grover, accustomed
to appear in dilapidated attire, still
he held fashion and her votaries in
contempt His boots were often left
for weeks without polish, and his hair,
to say the least, never appeared in
Hyperion curls, and withal, by casual
acquaintances, he was regarded as a
very dull and inactive young map.
But his personal appearance was in
his favor. He was slightly above the
ordinary height, "stout and mascu
line, but not gross; his forehead bold
and full, bis eyebrows heavy, his eye
deep set and , expressive, -his mouth
and chin firmly moulded. His man
ners were affable and courteous, free
from pretense, yet dignified." ' He
was easy, pleasing, and graceful in
conversation. In really defined and
cultivated circles young Marcy, not
withstanding his indifferent attire,
was a favorite, though coxcombs at
tempted to make him the subject of
raillery. r : .
THE YOUNG LAWYER AND THE SEMI
. NARY GIRL.
His office was in a small? one-story
building, surrounded by a railing or
veranda. Directly opposite the office
there was a fashionable Female Semi
nary. In pleasant weather he would
seat himself on the veranda, with his
feet elevated on the top of it, and iu
this position watch the gambols of
the young ladies on the play-ground
of the school, or engage in pursuing
his favorite studies. His unpolished
boots, thus conspicuously exhibited,
were of ten the subject of merriment
among the fair students. Though
young Marcy was 'wanting in those
external qualities constituting what
is called a ladies' man," his society
was by no means distasteful to the
fair sex, especially to those who. had
the penetration to understand the real
j beauties of his character and to appre
ciate his abilities. Among tbe more '
i advanced pupils of the Seminary was
i a Miss Dubois, a young lady from
I SnrirtfrfiAlii Alaaft an hir0uanvArv
beautiful. Marcy had frequently met
her at the residence of a lady friend
in Troy. For some time a respectful
friendship existed, between her and,
the young lawyer. She was pleased
with the graces of his mind, the' vari-
ety and extent of his knowledge, the
superiority of his intellect. ' There
was a charm in his 'conversation"
which unconsciously "revealed the
mental resources of tne future states-.
man, stimulating intelligence in oth-;
ers. Miss Dubois possessed tbat
charming versatility tbat belongs of
right to woman tho faculty of suit
ing her fine intellect to all whom it
encountered of " so temperine her
subtle wit with feminine grace u to
exempt her Irom enmity or malice,
and that pride which is the necessary
result of superiority she wore' easily
and gracefully. There were those .
elements in the friendship between
young Marcy and Miss Dubois which
naturally ripen into deep attachment
and ardent love, yet, singular as it
may appear, there was no affair of the
heart blended with it. But those.,
who were aware of their intimrcy, not
understanding its nature, naturally
put another construction upon it, and
a report reached the ears of the fac-.
ulty of the seminary that Marcy was5
n accepted suitor of -Miss Dubois. -The
rules vf the institution strictly,
forbade the young ladies from receiv- -ing
any attention from gentlemen and
the parents of the lady had strongly
enjoined upon the faculty the enforce-
nient ot this rule m regard to their
daughter; Therefore, the report of
her relations with the voune lawver
caused an unpleasant sensation in the
seminary, and Miss Dubois was sirict
ly forbidden to have any further asso
ciation with Marcy. The report even
reached her father, who hastened to
1 roy, determined to remove his
daughter from tbe seminary. But,
her explanation " of the matter was '
sufficient, and he returned home sat
isfied that all reports connecting the
name or bis daughter with Mr. Marcy
THE ELOPEMENT. ; :
A few weeks after her father's visit.
Miss Dubois obtained permission to
vist Albany with some friends, i Some'
time after her departure it occurred
to one of the pupils of tbe seminary.
who had interested herself in the af
fairs ol Miss Dubois and Mr. Marcy
to quite an extent, that, although the
day was delightful, the young lawyer
had not been seen in his accustomed
place on the : veranda of his office.
On making projier inquiry, she learned
tbat ne bad not been tbere at all tbat
day. This aroused her curiosity, and.
excited her suspicions,- leading her ro1
make lurtber inquiry, and she was in
formed that he had accompanied Miss
Dubois to Albany. Without furtlier
consideration, she believed that an
elopement bad taken place, and im
mediately informed the faculty tbat
young Marcy and Miss Dubois had '
fled to Albany for the purpose of be
ing clandestinely 5 married. This'
aroused them to the highest, pitch of
excitement. 1 he rumor ran like :
wildfire, through the institution,
reaching the city in a short space of
time. - Ihere was a strange hurrying'
to and fro" in the seminary conster
nation was everywhere mingled with
the silent mirth which the affair had
created among many of the young la
dies, who really enjoyed the scene.
Cupid j had slyly found a lodgment
within those walls, dedicated to sci
ence and study, though all thought '
the little-winged god was sternly for
bidden tbere to many known only in -'
the beautiful dreams of girlhood.
Yet he had actually been a sojourner
in that temple of science; one ot I its
fairest inmates had yielded ' to his
witchery had fled to his enchanted
bowers. Fearing tbat the wrath and
influence of the young Jady's father
and her other friends would be turned.1
against the institution, and dreading
the odium which an elopement would
bring upon it, an immediate pursuit
was decided upon. The Sheriff of the
county, with a posse comitatus was
sent in pursuit and proceeded with;
hot haste to Albany. Learning that
the lady was at one of the principal
hotels in the city, he rushed thither
eager to forbid the bans before it was '
too latei:i Sans ceremony he forced 1
his way into the ladies' parlor. Miss
Dubois was , there enjoying herself
with her friends, but, to the astonish-,,
meet of the Sheriff, young Marcy was ,
not present. The officer had entered
the rooms sternly determined 'on
breaking the chains akat love had'
forged with the strong arm of the law.
He had anticipated tears, cries and
shrieks from the lady, mingled with
deep curses from tbe lover. But no .
ardent lover waa there no priest ;
about to pronounce the solemn but,
happy union could be seen. -
NOT AN ELOPEMENT, AFTER ALL. -
The lady and her friends, taken by .
surprise at the sudden entrance of the
Sheriff and his assistants, started to
their feet in alarm. One of the ladies
S resent summoned courage enough to :
emand of the officer what he meant
by this intrusion. Confused and em
barrassed by the awkward position he
found himself in, he said :
"We we have that is we want
to find I sawyer Marcy and. Miss Du
bois. We are told ; ? - j
"I am Miss Dubois, air. As" for
Mr. Marcy, I have not seen him, to-,
day. What do you mean, sir I" - t
"Why, the-people at the seminary
said that you and he bad gone off to
gether to to get married, and" ; '
"And so they sent you in pursuit of
us, I suppose. You will not arrest
me on mere suspicion, will you?"
"We had to obey orders, madam:
I have a warrant against Mr. Marcy
for abduction that is, for carrying ,
you off for they made tbat out be
fore the Justice," said the officer.
The deep, clear, silver laugh of Mis
Dubois in which her . comoions ?
joined rang through tbe room at this ,
announcement, while the Sheriff and
bis assistants, finding themselves
"sold," as the saying is, : retired,
greatly , chagrined at their singular
adventure. It happened, shortly af-,
ter, Misa Dubois and her friends left
Troy, Mr. Marcy, having business in
Albany, proceeded to that city alone i
by stage. Having transacted his busi
ness he returned home alone, as he
came, to the surprise of the citizens
and his. friends, who verily believed
he had eloped with the pretty heiress.
His owu astonishment was unbound
ed when informed of the commotion
and excitement he had unconsciously
caused at. the seminary, especially,
when he learned that during the day
it was believed throughout the city
that he. had absconded with a clan
destine marriage in view; that for the
time being he had abandoned the law
for Gretna Green. Nothing could
exceed the mortification of the semi
nary at tbe useless and ludicrous ex
citement they had produced. For a
long time this elopement made much
merriment in all circles, both in Troy
and Albany. None, however, enjoyed
the joke with - a keener relish than
Mercy and his fair friend. .
u . , j THE SEQUEL. , ,
' At length she graduated .and re
turned to her friends, leaving the
young lawyer to plod- on' towards the
fame that awaited hinu In the course
of time Mies Dubois married ' highly
respectable citizen of Boston, with
whom she lived in great, happiness
and prosperity. With the lapse of
time-honors accumulated upon Wm.
L. Marcy. He was elevated to the
bench of the Supreme Court of the
State of New York.' He ooeupied tho
Gubernatorial chair, and afterwards
became a member of tbe united states
Senate, and then Secretary ot State in
the Cabinet of the President of the
United States, gaining honort, as Min
ister of State which lew of his prede
cessors had attained. While -a Sen
ator in Congress ho attended ' one of
tho-e splendid receptions given by a
distinguished official to the - heads of
departments Senators, members of
Congress and other eminent persons
entitled to an invitation. In tho
course of the evening, a ladywbose
beauty, accomplishments, fascinating
manners, and reputed wealth attract
ed -much attention in the fashionable
circles f ' Washington,: approached
Mr. Marcy. She was leaning on the
arm of a dignified and courtly gentle
man. "Senator," she said, with a
graceful salutation, "I can not resist
my desire to renew an acquaintance
with you once the sourse of great
pleasure anJ profit to me. mTo you
nbt recognize in me an old friend ?"
-''Certainly I do-iYou are, or rather
wnra Miaa Dubois. T 1m - deliellted
to meet you again; nothing could give
me greater pleasure"," saidJMr. Marcy,
after, a moment's hesitation.
"Permit me to introduce to you my
husband, Mr. D of Boston," said
the lady. "Mr. D- -," she contin-ued.-"this
is the, Hon. William L.
Marcv. whom you know so well by
reputation. He is an old friend of
mine. I once eloped with him; but I
trust you will forgive him, as you have
me, for it was only an indiscretion of
our youth.!' r - .ax v.
i"uch elopements aro easily forgot
ten. Senator," said Mrs1. ;D- " es
pecially since the one Mrs. - D
alludes to has afforded us a fund of
amusement for pur - first acquaint
ance." " - -
"It was bo well managed that nei
ther of us knew anything about it un
til it waa all over," 'said Marcy. "
. The story :: of the elopement soon
found its way into Washington soci-
ety, where it was the subject of much
merriment. " -" " . " ' '
"Marcy," said President' Jackson,
at one of his receptions." at which
' Mrs. D and her husband were
E resent, "Marcy, by the Eternal, if I
ad been in your place I should have
given full occasion for the report of
an elopement with that splendid wo
man. , Why did you not ?'
"Because, Mr. President, I had my
eyes on a -still lovelier woman tho
future Mrs. Marcy," was the reply.
. . "Ah, that was all right; an excellent
explanation," said the President.
The Des Moines (Iowa) Register of
tbe 5th inst. says : "Mr. Wullwcber,
of Dubuqe, lelt his home yesterday
for South America to assume the du
ties of his position as Minister to
Equador.: Saturday ; evening he was
publicly presented by his friendswith
a $200 gold watch.", f-, ...
iAn old letter of Andrew Jacjtson's
has come - to . light in -Memphis, in
which be speaks of his. veto of the
United States Bank hill in this way :
"I enclose my veto to- tbe bank; bill.
I have killed this hydra of eorruption,
or at least shorn Jt of , its power to
destroy the liberty of our country.".
. . . 5 mm ' : '
Washington City is" in raptures' over
the performance of Henry V. by Rig
nold. His attention to the details of
art. is said to be wonderful. . Eves
his kisa to hia betrothed princess is
so far superior to ordinary stage kiss
ing as to elicit enthusiastic ' praise
from the ladies. The scenery for the
play was painted is London' and is
said to be the finest ever brought to
this country. In thebattle scene of
Agincourt three 1 white horses are
brought upon the stage.;,' y r-.l
Hon. Alexander II. Rice, the Re
publican nominee for- Governor of
Massachusetts,, is - a native of 1 tbat
State, and 57 years of age. He was
Mayor of Boston in 1856-57, and was
a Representative from Massachusetts
in the Thirty-sixth,-Thirty-seventh
and Thirty-eighth Congresses.- ? 1
"The' Prince Imperial of France is
not about to start on a journey of the
world, as was reported. The-Pays ,
newspaper of Paris, denying the ru
mor says : "At this moment a prince
of the imperial family must respect
fully hold himself, at the disposal of
France, which may at any moment
Mr. Ralph Waldo Emerson was a
Sest ; of the Boston Ancient 4 and
onorable Artillery Company on its
recent visit to Concord, and respond
ing to their toast said that he was
quite unable to address them, adding:
"A year or two ago I think three
years ago I should have ventured to
give my views and endeavored to
speak " to an audience like this so
rare as this with some courage that
I might properly express myself; but
I.have ceased to speak in public. I
was always unequal to the task ' of a
sudden address. - ,5
Gen. O.O. Howard has been sup
plying the pulpit of the Congregation-"
al Church at Portland, Oregon, du
ring the vacation of the pastor. "
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