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L- n ' - J the: palladium . B. W. DAVIS, tine square one insertion. Kor each aabaequent Insertion per -100 "I"" . - neqnarethreelnertirm - aa One square three mnnt One square bix montlia 101 900 IK All tme square one year. BE JUST AND FEAR NOT ! LET ALL THE ENDS THOU ATATST AT, BE THY GOD'S, THY COUNTRY'S AND TRUTH'S I " wne-ioaru) olaeolamnone year 86 00 One-half of a column one yoar 63 00 rhree-foorths of a column one year 70 CO One column, one year, changeable . quarterly 100 bo ' I-aeal Hatlrea ! eeasa per Kate. ' J W Oaejrear.ln advance- . L SI SO 76 .... 40 XLV. EICHMQND, WAYNE COUNTY, INDIANA, OCT. 27, 1875. Sffl-- NO. 33 iix inonvns hree months mh f ro mi fiMMi) mm 7 ''"SSs-SSBhS: , " ,, o,,,,! i Including Cincinnati rianSVSPoPlnt?lr0ma,e Cincinnati Hallroad, p. m. univn v AST Including all places anp t,nd irom the Oolumbns ft. K-, an.l ESS and Bgncl Dayton and Xenia Rallroaa, closes at 12:00 m. .-"" ' GOING WiMT-l.IncludlnK Indlapolia and all polnta beyond, clones 10:00 a. m., 2 same as above, clones 7:00 p. 3. In eiudln Sl pVlntisupplled by the Indi anapolis Railroad, 30 p. m. - o-Shicaeo and all points west and north west, closes 7:00 p.m. To Webster, WlUlamsburgand Blooinlngs port, on Tuesday, Thursday and Satur day, at 2)0 p. na. . To Cox's Mills, White Water.Bethel and Ar b7on Monday. Wednesday andFridfcr, at 12:00 m. To Ablneton, Clifton and Uberty, on Mon " day and Friday, at 70 a.m. To Boston, Beechymlre, Goodwin's Corner, and College Corner, on Tuesday and Friday, at 13:30 m. MAILS ARE OPEN At 80 a. m. from Indianapolis and Cincin nati and beyond. At 110 a. m. from Cincinnati, way ami through mails, and from Dayton and Xenia Railroad. . At 40 p. m- from East via Colnmbns Rall VoLS, and Dayton and Xenla Railroad. At 70 p. m. from North, via Chicago Ral I road and Fort Way ne Railroad. At 80 p. m. from Indianapolis and beyond. ':' Office open from 70 a. m. to 7:30 p: m. On SaDday, from 930 to 10:30 a. m. , Dec. I 1874. B. W. DAVIS. P.M. BAILBOAD TIME-TABLE. -Plttsbnre, Cincinnati an St. areola . PAN-HANDLE ROUTE. OOXDKXSED TIME CAKD.-COLUMBl'S AtTI IN- BIASAPOU3 DIVISION WOV.30. 1874. QOIHO WEST. No. 2. 1 No. 8. CNo.S. No. 10 Pittsburg.. Ofin nn 23am 10:05am 11:15am 7:30am 2:50pm 3:52pm . 4:35pm 5:36pm 6:00pm 6Aipm 7:40pm 8SWpm 9:27pm Columbus 120 n'tl 5:26 pm 6:38 pm 7:25 pm MUford. Urljana. l:n am 2:02 ani 3:12 am 3:40 am 4:19 am 5:23 am 62 am 6:48 am 8:20 am 12:05pm Plqua BradJun- e:oo pm 9:30 pm l:i?pm 1:45pm 2:2Hpm 3:30pm 4:07pm ureenv le, Rlchm'd. M?2S am Cambri'ge Knlght-Vn India'piis. 118 am 111:55 am 4:.Vlpni 6:30pm 11 :00pm GOING KAST. . i No. 1 No. 3. i No. 6. I No. 7. Indiaplis. 4:40am 70 pm 9r25am 4:40pm 5:50pm 636pm 70pm 86pm 8:30pm 8:;pm 9:53pm Knlirbts'n 5:50am USSpm 10:50am 11:44am Cambri'ge 6:30am 9:10 pm Rlcbm'nd 7:05am 10:00 pm 12:25pm nnmiTle. 8:15am BfO., 1:31 pm 2:00pm nriul Jnn. l 8:40am 60 am Plana--.- 0:10am I 6:27 am 2:4Zpm 3:52pm Urban 10:10 am 7:38 am MUford 110:48 ami 8.30 am Columbus !lt:45 am 9:50 am 4:40om '10:34pm 5:55pmlll:30pm 23am! 6:45am Pitbhniv.. 7:00 Dm No. 1. 6, 7 andlO run Daily, All other trai ns Dally .except Sunday. SUeainond aa Chicago Division. Nov. 80, 1874. " GOIICO KOBTH. "Z No. 2. No. 8. ( No. 10. Ctnclnnnt 7:30am .. 70 pm Richmond 10:30 am 10:10 pm Hagerst'n. 11:16 am 10:52 pm Newcastle 11:50 am 11:21 pm Anderson. 1:10 pm 12:18 am Kokorao 80 pm 1:55 am IiOgansp't, .., . , 4:00 pm 35 am Crown Pi. 75 pm 8-20 am Chicago .- 90 pm . . t0 am QOIXQ SOUTH. 1 7 '. - No. 1. No. 3. ' Chicago 7:50 pm 8:30 am Crown Pt 9:40 pm 104 am . Logansp't. 12:40 am 10 pm Kokomo- 1:45 am 2:20 pm . Anderson. 3:37 am 4:11 pm . Newcastle 4:37 am 58 pm .- . Hagerst'n. 58 am 5:38 pm Richmond 5:50 am :) pm Cincinnati 90 am 935 pml .. ' No. 10 leaves Richmond dally. No 1 leaves Chicago daily. All other trains run dally, aacept Sunday. - UtlleXuml DlvlslM. ' Nov. 30, 1874. r f is j ; t .QOIHO WEST. No. 2. No. 4. No. 6. No. 10. Pittsburg 2:00pm 23 am 7:30am Urea June 9:12pm 7:28am 12:35pm - - Column's 12:00 n't. 5:20 am 10:05 am 2:50 pm Xjondon 15 am 6:20 am 11:15 am 8:421pm . " Xenla.- 2:20am 7:80am 12:20pm 4:37 pni Morrow- 8:40am 1:25 pm 60 pm Clncinatl 5:15 am . 2:50 pm 6:50 pm Xenla. 12:20pm 4:37pm Dayton .. 8:35 a in 1:20pm 6:15 pni Rlchm'd 3:15 pm . ; . Ind 'polls. . 6:30pm GOING XAST. No. 1. i No. 3. I No. 5. No. 7. Ind'ooUs . Rlchmnd 12:40 pm n.ie . Dayton 6:50 am 7:45 am Xenia Clnclnnti ' Morrow 8:50 pm 1:20 pm 2:48 pm 3:55 pm 55 pm 65 pra 820 pm 23 am 7:45am 75 8:30 9:30 pm pm pm 9:03 am Xenia London.. 9:55 am 10:51am 11:45 am 1:57 pm 70 pm 10:35 pm pm am am Columb 'si 11:30 l:3fl 6:45 Dres June Pittsburg Nos. 1, 67, and 10 run Dally to and from Cincinnati. All other Trains Daily, except Sunday. W. L. O'BRIEN, Oenl ssenser and Ticket Agent. C R. A VU Wayne Railroad. GOIKG NORTH. GOING SOUTH. O R ml A ex.l00 am I Portland ac. 90 Portland ac-.40 pm O K m'l A ex. 6:25 am pm ' T)8T05IASCT, mr Hoal niarmlnK'. . 1 How either sex may fancinate and fain the love and affections of any perFon hey choose instantly. This simple mental acquirement all can possens, free, by mail, for 25c., together with a marriage guide. Kgyptian Oracle, Dreams, Hints to Ladies1 wedding-Night Shirts, etc. A queer book. . Addrewl. WILLIAM A CO., Pubs , Pbila delohla. 22-4 w Llanhood : Sow Iiost, How Restored ! . Just published, a new edition of -KtV Dr. Calverwell'a Olebrated JK Essay on the radical cuie (with di out medicine) of Spermatorkhoka orHerainal Weakness, Involuntary Hemi nal Losses, I m potency, Alental and Phys ical Incapacity, Impediments to Marriage, etc; also, Cosmmmoii, EpiiKPar and Fits, induced by self-indulgence or sexual extravagance, Ac. " Price, in a seated envelope, only six cents. The celebrated author, in this admirable Essay, clearly demonstrates, from a thirty ? ears' successful practice, that the alarm -n consequences of self-abuse may be rad ically cured without the dangerous use of , Internal medicine or the application of the knife; pointing out a mode of cure at once simple, certain, and effectual, by means of which every sufferer, no matter what his condition may be, may enre himself cheap ly, privately, and radically. This Lecture should be in the hands of every youth and every man in the land. Sent under seal, in a plain envelope, to any address, post-paid, on receipt of six cents or two post stamps. Address the publishers. - CHAS. J. KLINE A CO.. 127 Bowerr, New York; P. O. Box, 4586. irwsTrs b. tovs, ATTORNEY AND NOTARY. , Office In room over George W. Karne Grocery. Richmond Indiana. '""nes $K t CO A PejJ Day at home. Terms free. ,?V? Address O. Rtinhon A co Jan.l,18ti5. fiyj Portland, Maine 70 am 90 am 106 am DEMOCRATIC HISTORY. Senator t. JP. Merlon'i Address be Seldler'a Brnnlaa, at Indiana polis, October 15tb. 1875. . Soldiers It has been my pleasant duty to bid you a cordial welcome. The work is wholly superfluous you have a welcome in every loyal heart, Every man who loves his country, who loves liberty, is under a debt of gratitude to the soldiers who pre served that country and established liberty. - I have seen a grander sight to-day than 1 had ever expected to see again. T saw the grand army of Indiana in column, a part of the grand army of the United States. have seen nothing like it since the march of General Sherman's army in to Washington after peace had been restored and the war was at an end. This is a most memorable day in the history of the capital of Indiana. have seen more than a Hundred regi ments in this very yard during the m a i -l war. .iney came nere ana we Daae them good-bye when they went to the field. They went with light hearts. and we received them here when they returned with thinned and shattered ranks, with bronzed faces or with countenances pale with woands and disease. It was here that meeting was held on the morning alter Mr. Lincoln's assassination. This capilol. this yard, and this camp are full of memories many that are ead and sol emn, and many that were pleasant, and as I saw the regiments march np the street yesterday 1 was reminded of the scenes of the war, when they carat! in without uniforms to be or ganized, and take their departure for the held. Hut you did not march when you came here in 1861, 1862, 1863 and 1864 as you marched off yes terday. Yesterday you had the march of veterans; the education of the army had not been forgotten, and it never will be. Then these flags were new: the silk was unstained. Now they come back to us stained with the storms of war, and torn by shot and shell. . They are sacred emblems. Many of them bear the blood of men who carried them. They come cov ered with memories that are sacred in all our hearts, llere are some of the soldiers of the war of 1812. They have come down to us from a former generation. , Here are many heroes of the Mexican war. We are glad to greet them. And here arc thousands of the war of the late rebellion, that war that tried men's souls, that war that has established our government, I trust forever, upon the principles of human liberty and of human equality. We never can repay the debt that we owe to the Union soldiers. Money cannot do it; office cannot do it. They can only have their reward in their own hearts, and in the love and grati tude of their countrymen. Applause J And this reward you - will have. There will be fewer of you every year; many are falling from day to day, but you will be embalmed in the hearts and memories of your countrymen. You all remember how, as boys and children, you loved the last soldiers of the Revolutionary war; how you now cherish their memories; and so will your memories be venerated. You made sacrifices for which you can never be compensated.' It was with you NO HOLIDAY BUSINESS. You were not going for amusement or excitement. It was the most sol emn business in which men ever en gaged. The very flower of the youth and manhood of Indiana went to the field the men of nerve, of resolution: the men who loved their country, and they had to risk everything for its f (reservation. They loved their fann ies, their parents, their wives and children, as dearly as those that stayed at home. But they felt that their country was at stake, and they risked everything that that country might live. Let them be assured that what- ever may happen, that the country will not be ungrateful. You went to the field understanding well what the issue was. A great attempt was be ing made to divide and destroy our countiy. Eleven States had FORMED A NEW CONFEDERACY, had declared their separation from the Nation. We know the work once begun would not have stopped with the first division. It would have been divided again and again until it would have been in small, bloody, and hos tile fragments. When Indiana was first called upon by President Lincoln the demand was small. He issued . his proclamation in April for seventy-; five thousand men for three months. Indiana was required to furnish six regiments of eight hundred and forty men each, and when, as the Governor j of the Htate, I issued my proclamation ' asking for volunteers, a leading paper in this city said Governor Morton cannot get six regiments for any such purpose as that; but before the war was over we had mustered into the service of the United States in the State of Indiana two hundred and eight thousand three hundred and seventy-six men. Applause, and a voice, "I was one of the boys." And more could have been had if they had been asked for. Now, consider what the sacrifice was made by Indiana alone, only as one of the States of this Union. Of those who went to the field six hundred and fifty-two com missioned officers were killed in bat tle or died from disease, while in the army; twenty-three thousand seven hundred and sixty-four non-commissioned officers and privates were killed upon the field, or died in the field from wounds and disease, making twenty-four thousand four hundred and sixteen. Then there were miss ing men who were unaccounted for, whose fate could not be ascertained, thirteen thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine. It was estimated by the Adjutant-General, whose means of information were the best, .that of that number six thousand were killed in battle, or died in remote hospitals, or by the wayside, making thirty thousand four hundred and ten that fell in the field from Indiana. But that was not all. Many of those men were discharged from the service on account of wounds or disease con tracted in the service, and they came home to die. They fell in the war just as much as if they had died upon tne neia ot oaiue. it is estimated that of all those who were discharged from wounds or disease, that fifteen thousand died. This, added to the other, would make forty-five thousand four hundred and ten as the sacrifice of Indiana. But that is not all. They tell us .' THE WAR HAS ENDED. In one respect it has, but in another it has not. Men are falling from day to day, going into premature graves because of the disease, wounds and hardships incurred during the war men who served their time out and were discharged at the end of the contest these men are going to pre mature graves every day, so that the sacrifice of Indiana was not confined to forty-five thousand men, but you may say fifty, Btventy-five, perhaps soon to be a hundred thousand. We can hardly comprehend the magnitude, of what even ths people of Indiana have given that our country might live But it was not confined to blood alone. There were other evidences of the devotion of this people. For. example, the different towns, counties and townships made voluntary contribu tions in their corporate character for local bounties, for the relief of the soldiers' lamilies and for sanitary purposes, amounting to $20,258,640, as shown by the official papers. This docs not include private contributions for sanitary purposes, which would run the whole contribution up to over thirty millions of dollars. As Gov ernor, I issued during the war eight een thousand eight hundred and eighty-four commissions to officers in the army, from which you get some idea of the magnitude of the army, and the length of time it was in the field. The soldiers of Indiana fought in three hundred and eight battles. They were in the first battle of the war,t Phillipi, in Western Virginia. We thought it was a groat battle then, and I had all the bells mag in this town when I got the intelligence. It was rather a small affair as compared with what took place afterwards, but it SERVED TO FIRE ALL OUR HEARTS. And Indiana troops fought the last battle of tho war the battle of Pal metto Ranch, in Texas, and on the old battle-field of Palo Alto, where two hundred and fifty Indiana troops met and defei.ted five hundred rebels and a battery of artillery. I believe the first man and the last killed in the war was from tho State of Indi ana. I Applause. I v nat was an tins for? There were great principles at stake. I call your attention to them. That which was worth fighting for is worth preserving after the battle is over. Those principles are still at stake, and they will be so long as this country is preserved. lou loucht for the principles of nationality. The rebellion was founded upon the idea thai we . were not one nation; that earn JMate was a nation; tnat a man s first allegiance was due to lm State, and not to the whole nation. That doctrine was what made the rebellion possible. Slavery was the stimulus; it-'was-the promoting cause. But slavery alone could never have made the rebellion. The rebellion was brought about by this doctrine that we are not one nation, but every State is a nation, and a man's first, allegi ance is due to his own State. A large body of the people of the South did not believe in secession. A great many men of the South were opposed to it, but they believed in the doctripe of State sovereignty and they had to go with their State. General Lee, the great commander ot the rebellion, WAS OPPOSED TO SECESSION. He said it was unnecessary, that there was no cause lor it; but he believed that Virginia was a nation of herself. and that whatever Virginia resolved to do. be bad to go with her, there fore, when Virginia voted to secede, Robert L. Lee believed that he had to go with Virginia; and it was that doctrine that made the rebellion pos sible. That doctrine was not extin guished by the suppression of the rebellion. 1 know a great many peo ple think so; but I am sorry to say the people of the South had been ed ucated in that doctrine. You con quered them, soldiers, but you did not convert them; you did not change their opinions and their education. It is a sad and solemn fact that upon that question the great mass of the people of the South believe just as they did betore. 1 here are even those in the North who believe in that doc trine. There is no safety to this na tion in the far future so long as any considerable mass of people believe in that doctrine. Some think the doc trine was invented by slavery, for the benefit of slavery, and perished with slavery, and is buried in the same grave. But that is not so. It was invented in seventeen hundred and ninety-eight. It had received five different applications in different parts of the country before slavery seized upon it as the instrumentality for establishing a new Confedeiacy. ONE NATION, ONE PEOPLE. We are a nation, one people. whether living in Ohio, Indiana. South Carolina, or California, sub divided into States for local and do mestic government. States having their rights sacred, unapproachable, guaranteed by the constitution.- But after all, the States are but integral parts of our great nation, and the na tion is over all. The rights ot the States are not dependent npon an out side theory, called the theory of State sovereignty; but their rights are guar anteed and secured by the Constitu tion of the United States, a better security than this outside theory of State sovereignty. We stand by the rights of the States, but we do not base them upon the theory that each State is a nation, but we do base them on and hold them under the security and guaranty ot the Constitution of the United States. We cannot tell when the next trouble will come; we do not see it now, but in the far future, it may be a quarter of a cen tury off, new troubles may spring up they may be in the North, in the South, in the East, or in the West to cause disturbance and dissatisfac tion. It may come on the Pacific slope, separated from us by thousands of miles of plain and mountain, with a different commerce, with vast capac ities and resources; disturbances, dissatisfaction, or ambition may rise up there, and then, if they do, they will seize upon the same doctrine that California, Oregon, and Nevada arc separate nations, each a nation, and has a right to withdraw itself from this great country. No. Our security is in the idea of nationality; whether a man lives in New York or Indiana or California, let him be imbued with the idea that he is a citizen of one great nation, and he carries his na- tionality with him wherever he goes. Buring the year two men met in Paris and were introduced to each other at a party given by a distinguished French statesman. They inquired where each other was from. One said he was a citizen of the United States. and the other said, "I am a citizen of Virginia, sir." "Yes, ves,' says the man, "Virginia, a small part of the United States that is now being chas tised for disobedience. .Laughter. lou have placed the government o this country tor the hrst time upon the principles proclaimed by our fathers in the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. When that declaration was made our father's laid down the principle upon which the new government ought to be Tormed; but then they could not carry those principles into execution. ' Slavery : existed. They expected it soon to pass away, but 1 circumstances afterwards occurred : that caused slavery to grow and strike i its roots into the soil and society of j the nation, and it lived on and on and Jgrew very powerful,-and finally at tempted to destroy the nation itself. Then, under the providence of God, though it cost half a million of lives, billions of dollars, caused suffering and sorrow throughout this land and filled it with widows and orphans. and caused misery that language can not, uescrioe or numan imagination . comprehend; through all that trial J and sacrifice slavery was destroyed, . the nation was preserved, and our I government, for the first time, at the end of nearly a century, placed upon mis aocinne wnicn was nrst pro claimed by the fathers of the republic. And there it is now. We have nowset the glorious example to the world, and we may expect it will be followed. I It takes time to work out all great changes in regard to the government. We wer nearly a century, in this country, in placing our government upon its true foundation. Then do not despair of progress in Europe. That declaration of independence, though never formally adopted by more thin one or two nations in Eu rope, has had its effect upon all their governments. They have all felt its influence, and it is net only a blessing to our country but it has been a bless ing to the people of every civilized laud. It has worked its changes, and I believe the time will come, under tho providence of God, when th9 principles of that great declaration will control the governments of the old world as they now do the people of the United States. I said the na tion could never repay .you; neither can it, except in the gratitude and the love of the whole people. DISTINCTION BETWEEN UNION AND REBEL SOLDIERS. I know that we are now told by some that the time is comertffTiboHsa all distinctions between the men who fought for the Union and the men who fought to destroy it. Voice "Nev er. ' They say let bygones' be by gones; bury all the animosities of the war; put all upon the same platform, and, 1 suppose, love all equally well. They tell us that the rebels were hon est; they thought they were doing right; they were just as sincere as the Union- soldier, therefore, all being honest, treat all alike, precisely as if each one was right, make no distinc tions, and therefore be a band of brothers. Well, I do not say that they were not sincere down there, but I do say that it requires a great deal of bad education to make a man be lieve he is doing right when he is fighting to destroy his country and establish human slavery. Applause. But whether they were sincere or not makes no difference; they must mor ally, they must in history be held re sponsible for the moral quality of their actions. We forgive them, we bury the animosities of the war, but we cannot forget, nor can we ever compromise our principles. Wc ought not to forget. We may forgive our enemy, and that is our Christian duty, but it does not follow that we are bound to love him as if he had been our friend. It doe not follow that we are bound to honor arid reward him, and give him preference over our friends.- We give to them all their political rights. ELIGIBILITY OF .REBEL OFFICERS. Of all the rebellious eight millions tbare arc only about one hundred men now who are not eligible under the constitution to be President of the United States and hold office in the government. They have all had the right to vote from the end f the war, including Jeff. Davis himself. But Jeff, and a few others of the worst are still resting under the disabilities of tho fourteenth amendment. But I speak of them generally. They have been relieved from all legal disabili ties; they are eligible now to all polit ical rights, under the law, and as an evidence of it, in the next House of Representatives at Washington there will be seventy -four rebel officers, and I believe in the Senate eight rebel officers, making eighty-two rebel offi cers in the next Congress. That ought to be some evidence that the government has acted most liberally with those who were lately its enemy in arms. But you cannot afford, for the lesson it teaches to your children, because of your own character, your own self-respect, to have those who were in arms against their country and for slavery put upon the same platform with yourselves. There was a right and a wrong in that great con test. You were on the right side and they were on the wrong side. They must take that place in history which they made for themselves, and you are entitled to that place which you made for yourselves. The fact that many of them thought they were do ing right does not alter the case. The tories of the revolution thought they were right, very sincere the most of them, many of them among the most respectable and intelligent men of that day. Our fathers knew that, but they never forgave them as we have the rebels. They held them responsible for what they did, and although they relieved them from confiscation, and most of their political disabilities, I believe not one of them ever after wards got into Congress. Those who Eersecuted for religion's sake, who urned at the stake, who trod with wild horses, thought they were doing right. They believed they were serv ing God; but we know that it was murder, and history holds them re- sponsible. When the King of France i ordered the massacre ot St. Bartholo- ; mew, though it made the cheek of hu- manity turn pale. lie thought he was doing right, and that he was serving God. The Thugs of India think they are serving their deity. When the India mother casts her infant into the Ganges, she thinks she is serving God; but we regard it as murder. " FORGIVENESS BUT NOT FORGETFUL 1 NESS. Wp forgive them; we want them to do well; we want them to learn the lessons of history and stand by us in the future. What shall be tho lesson we teach to our children, my friends, if we put those who fought for slavery and to destroy the country, in ten years upon the same platform with those who fought for liberty: and. the country? Shall we say to our chil- dren that it makes no difference whether you arc for your country or against it? That if you try to destroy your country and succeed, you are all right; if you try to destroy your coun try and do not succeed, why, you are all right anyhow; there is no penalty, there is no consequence following it? No, 1 want you to teach your children to the remotest generation that those who fought for country and for liberty deserve the thanks and the love of the nation and the world, and that those who fought for slavery and to destroy the nation must take that place in history which their conduct has assigned to them; and that they have nobody to complain of but them selves. Stand fast by your principles. Do not dishonor your own record by conceding that may be all were right and equally honest, and therefore there should be no distinctions. This doc trine leads to other consequences right at your door. If you should abolish all distinctions, and concede they were all equally honest and equally worthy, then you must recog nize that in the law. You must pen sion them, you mut pay them, yon must make no distinctions; and it leads to this conclusion: that those who fought to destroy the nation and to establish a new confederacy, the chief corner-stono of whi?h was to have been human slavery, are after wards to be rewarded and paid out of the treasury of the nation. Th.-it is the logical and necessary result of that doctrine. If you will stand fast by your principles, they in time will come to you. As Gen. Sherman said the other day, stand fast by your own record, assert ine ground tnat you stood on, ana let tnem under stand the ground that they stood on; and while we forgive them in our hearts we never can admit the justice or righteousness of their cause." He said if we only stand upon that ground, in fifty years from this day we will not find a man who would admit that his father was a rebel. Just now" you cannot find a man in this country that will admit that his father was a tory during the revolution. According to that doctrine you ought to burn these old flags: you ought to pull down your monuments in Putnam and other counties in the State of Indiana, be cause they are disagreeable reminders of the war. On the contrary, I would preserve these old banners as long as two threads will hang together. Jtut whenever I begin to talk about these things some fellow springs up and says, "Oh, you are shaking the bloody shirt." Well, the most of men tnat taiic tnat way wear curry shirts and carry soiled records. Laughter. I would rather see this government remain in the bands of oval soldiers than to see it pass under the control of Confederate soldiers. think it is better for them as it is better for u. As I said before, you conquered them but you could not convert them. Let me say to you, for we might as well understand the situ ation ns it is, the most foolish thing a man can do is to volunteer to deceive himself, and the wisest thing a man ever did is to understand luiiy tne situation; then they know how to meet it. Understand that these men. my friends, that you conquered, have human natures, and you do not there by secure their love. They do not ove you tor doing it, and if they had the power they would not exercise it for your benefit, but rather would they exercise it for their own. THE WAR DEBT. A great debt was contracted to pay the soldiers to carry on the war to put down the rebellion. That debt may be said to have been made on account of the army for the benefit of the na tion. We arc in honor bouud to pay it. It is a moral obligation resting upon every loyal man, but the men of the South, who feel deeply, who are conquered and humiliated feel under no moral obligation to pay that debt, none whatever. It was created for their subjugation, and they do not love the rod with which the stripes were inflcted. When men tell you that they arc willing to pay the debt and to accept the whole situation, they are simply deceiving you; there fore it is better for this nation, it is better in tho long run, it is better for you that the power of this government should remaiu with the Union sol diers, rather than with the Confeder ate foldiers The men who did not sympathize with you during the war in the hour of your trial those men do not sympathize with you now. THE STRUGGLE AT HOME. Soldiers, while you were in the field there was a struggle going on at home that a great many of you did not com prehend. The army could not be sustained in the field without they were supported by public opinion at home. We had our struggles here, hard and long were they, and the suf fering and anxiety at home were far greatereven than they were with you in the" field. I speak to you about mental suffering; your wives, chil dren, parents, and your dear friends were on "the ragged edge" of anxiety and even despair. , While you were in the field with the excitement of the camp and the battle, you thought much less of these things than the people did at home. At night when vou laid down in your bivouac, some times upon the frozen ground, in the snow or in the sorm, then the thought of home , would come crowding upon you, overpowering you; but in the heat of the contest you thought only of the present. But those dear hearts at-home were watching your fate. You cannot understand the anxiety with which every mail was looked for from the army. I am to-day feeling emotions which I cannot express to you. The most important part of my life was that which was connected with the army. It was not my fortune to go to the field. I was placed in a position of much responsibility and labor con nected with the army. I ever look back to it as the most solemn, the most interesting part ot my lite. THE SACRIFICE OF THE WAR, ' When the soldiers went away I was always oppressed With the idea, as I saw regiment after regiment depart from the State-house and from tbe depot how many of those men that go away with cheers on their lips will never come back; how many of them will find graves in the South! They are leaving home, wife, children, father, mother, for tho last time. . It was very certain that many of them would not come back, and yet ; they went away with light hearts. I have seen regiments go from here to the depot, and they would inarch through lines of friends that were in the city to see them depart fathers, mothers, brothers and sisters walking along by the line, and getting a last shake of the hand as they went away, many of them : never to return. I saw regi ments coming back with one-third and one-fourth of the number with which they went away; men with solemn and staid countenances, who bad the education that war alone can give, that can only be obtained in the shock and storm of battle. I saw these men go back after three years of service, many of them with health im paired, and yet I saw them with few exceptions, volunteer and go back -to the field again until the war was over. Oh, it was a grand and noble sacrifice. that only treemen and intelligent men. men that love liberty, can make. . THE SOLDIERS AFTER THE WAR. You know what was said by your enemies, both at home and in Europe, that when that great army of a mil lion and a half of men was disbanded, the soldiers would have contracted a love for a life of adventure and of strife; that they would be dissatisfied with the pursuits of pence; that they would become idle and vicious citi zens. But what a lesson wc taught Europe! That army was disbanded and moulded like the snow into the ranks of civil life, to return to the pursuits of peace to the farm, the shop, the office and they became the very l-est ot citizens as they had been the very best of soldiers. Applause. We 6howed what this nation could rely upon. Soldiers, my heart is too full to speak to you any more. 1 have said tnat I have seen what I never expect ed to see again, and I now bid you good bye, saying, may God bless the Union soldiers. Applause, and cheers for Morton. Sold Asaia-a True BUI. The Madison Courier is responsi ble for this: ' "He was a timid young man, but she swung upon hi arm with the ease and grace of a new gate on greased hinges. Ha tried to think of some thing to say, for a lull in the conver sation was to him as painful as pick ing a boil with a dull pin. Finally, he made the same remark that every bashful lover since Adam has made under similar circumstances, to wit: "It's a nice evening."; She said "Yes; it is truly delightful, but then I think the company one may chance to be in has a great deal to do with the atmosphere." He threw his eye up along the gable end of the new market house and said he'd bet there would be "many a good steak and soup bone sold in that buildin'." She Said she had no doubt but there would be, and went on to remark that it would be a nice thing for newly married people to get their marketing at a newly-finished market house. Then after a pause she told him of the funniest dream she had the night previous she dreamed somebody had Eroposed to her! He replied that he elieved that dreams were "nearly always caused by eatin' too much sup per"; but he hoped "hern" would come true, providing it was himself that did the proposin. This took her so completely by surprise that she said he'd have to give her a week's time to thiuk about it. And the young man is now undergoing all the agonies of suspense, fearing his "for wardness" has lost him a bride." , The Decay at Olaciers. A glacier is a' current of ice derived from snow. Complete glaciers of the first order take their rise on the mountains, and descend into the sea, just as all complete rivers of the first order do. In North Greenland the snow supply and general climatic con ditions arc such that its glaciers pour directly into the ocean, and so un doubtedly did those of the Pacific slope during the flush times of the glacial epoch; but now the world is so warm and the snow crop so scanty, nearly all the glaciers left alive have melted to mere hints of their former pelves. The Lyell Glacier is now less a mile long; yet, setting out from the frontal moraine, we may trace its former course on grooved and polish ed surfaces and by immense canons and moraines a distance of more than forty miles. The glaciers of Switzerland are in a like decaying condition as compared with their former grandeur; so also are those of Norway, Asia, and South America. They have come to resem ble the short rivers of the eastern slope of the Sierra that flow out into the hot plains and are dried up. Ac cording to the Schlagintweit brothers, tbe glaciers of Switzerland melt at an average elevation above the level of the sea of 7,414 feet. The glacier of Grindelwald melts at less than $4,000 feet; that of the Aar at about 6,000. The Himalaya glacier, in which the Ganges takes its rise, does not, ac cording to Captain Hodgson, descend below 12,814 feet. Tbe average ele vation at which the glaciers of the Sierra melt is not far from 11,000 feet above sea lea level. John Muir, in Harper's Magazine for November. . A yaller dog could be elected Gov ernor of Iowa on the Republican tick et. Burlington Gazette. We don't know about that but it is certain that a candidate who thinks "yaller dogs" better than black men can't be elected on the Democratic ticket. Dubuque Times. If rocks ever bleed, would they deed quaitzT A FORTUNATE KISS Am Old ttmt Uaod SweOteb Stary. The following pretty story is narra ted by Braner, who vouches for its truthfulness: - , . - . Ia the great university of Upsala in Sweden, lived a young student, a noble youth,' with a great , love . for etudjfs, but without means for pur suing them. He was poor; without connections. Still he studied, living in great poverty, but keeping a cheer ful heart, and trying to look pleasant ly at the future, which looked .so grimly at hiki. ";His good humor and excellent qualities made him beloved by his comrades, s -i . : t One day he was standing at the square with some of them, prattling away an hour of leisure, when their attention was arrested by a young and beautiful lady, who, by the side of an elder one, was slowly walking over the place. It was the daughter of the Governor of Upsala. living in that city, and the lady was her governess. She was generally known for goodness' and gentleness of character, and look . ed at .with admiration by all the stu dents. As the young men stood gaz ing at her as she went bv. like a craee- ful vision, one of them suddenly ex claimed: "Well, it would bo worth some. thing . to have a kiss from , such a mouth. - . The poor student, the hero of our story, who looked on ; that pure, an gelic face, exclaimed as if by inspira tion: , , "I think I could have it." "Well, well," exclaimed his friends in a chorus: "Are you crazy? Do you know her?" 'Not at all," he answered, "but I think she would kiss me if I asked her.". ! -v . "What, in this place and before all our eyes?". "Yes." "Freely?" t,;Yes.' "Well, if she would give you a kiss in that manuer I will give you a thou sand dollars," exclaimed one of the party. "And I, and I," exclaimed two or three others, for it happened several rich men were among the group, and bets ran' high on so improbable an event. The challenge was made and received in less time than we take to tell it. Our hero (my authority tells not whether he was plain or handsome; I have peculiar reasons for believing he was rather plain, but singularly good looking at the same time) immediate ly walked up to the young lady and said: ... "Mine fraulcin, my fortune is now in your hands." She looked at him in astonishment, but arrested her footsteps.. He proceeded to 6tate his name and condition, his aspiration, and repeated simply what had just taken place be tween him and his comrades. The young lady listened attentively,' and at his ceasing to . speak, she said blushingly, but with great sweetness: "If bv so little a thing so much I good can be effected, it would be fool ish in me to refuse your request." And publicly, in the open square, she kissed him. . " Next day the student was sent for by the Governor. He wanted to seo the man who had dared to seek a kiss from his daughter that way, and whom she had consented to kiss. He received him with a scrutiniz ing bow, but after an -hour's conversa tion was so pleased with him that he ordered our hero to dine at his-table during his studies at Upsala. Our friend pursued his studies in such a manner that it soon made him regarded as the most promising stu dent in the university. - Three- years are now elapsed since the first kiss, when the young man was allowed to give the second kiss to the daughter of the Governor, as his wife. He became, later,- one of the most noted scholars in Sweden, and was much respected for his character. His words will endure while time lasts among the works of science; and from this happy union sprang a family well known in Sweden at the present time; whose wealth and high position in society are regarded as trifles in comparison with their great goodness and love. : . ' A Brier History or tne Press, i ' From the New York Graphic. American journalism is one - hun dred and eighty-five years old; next year it will be older than our national centennial by eighty six years. The head of the tHres was Benjamin Har ris, of Boston. His paper was entitled. Publick ' Occurrences. " Franklin's brother, surly James, came in second, and afterwards fourth. In 1772 Ben jamin became a live editor, and con sidering his times he was the greatest editor humanity has produced. In our ieriod such a man would be a ' vast advance upon any known editor. How he found so much leisure for social and political life and science is a marvel. We look with sympathy upon the Philadelphia editor of the 5 resent day when we remember 'ranklin his library, his hospital, his streets and ' railroads, his firo buckets and his kite. New York journalism began six years after Philadelphia, and thirty-' five years after Boston. William Bradford, at tho age of seventy, start ed the New York Gazette in 1725, under Governor Fletcher's patronage, and so virtuous was the business in , those days that he lived to ninety-two. Go over the Trinity church yard and see his gravestone, itself one hundred and twenty-three years old, and re flect that if the old chap had lived in these days he would have been called a political stipendiary and his paper -a kitchen organ. The fourth eity to have a press was Annapolis, Maryland, in 1727, and the fifth in Newport, in 1732, James Franklin, before referred to, founding it. Tbe first newspaper in the South was published at Charles ton, in 1731, five years before Virginia had a press at Williamsburg. Con necticut had a newspaper, at New Haven in 1775, Delaware one at Wil mington in 1761, New Jersey the first in 1777. There were forty-three pa pers in America at the date King George acknowledged our independ ence. The first regular daily in America was issued in 1784 by Frank lin's grandson, Bache the Philadel phia Advertiser. The next year New York had a daily issued by Child (not G. W.), also called the Adver- titer."-The first Wei tern daily paper was the Cincinnati Gazette, issued in 1827, after twenty-one years of heb domadal existence- The St Louis Republican followed in 1828. The Charleston Courier, started by a Mas sachusetts Yankee more than seventy years ago, disposed of its, files in one hundred and fifty volumes last year for the sum of $2,250 a remarkably low price, as there is no duplicate of them. Albany had her first daily in 1824, the News. The New York daily ress of the present dates as follows : un, 1833; Herald, 1835; Tribune, 1841; Times, 1851; World, 1859. The great names in journalism are. Frank lin, Gales, Bryant,. Greeley, Morse, and Hoe. - There are about 550 daily newspapers in America now. with a combined circulation ot not less than 3,000,000, or one -newspaper to every twelve souls. No country in the world approaches- thia .standard of circulation; no other form of govern ment to stimulate it. - The press owes everything to the republic; the repub lic too often gets scant encourage ment from the Dress. To-dav in Prance the editors are petitioning the Government for liberty; in San Fran cisco the editors are. outraging the distinguished dead. Roehefort is banished to New Caledonian but men like Storey live without challenging everything. -; -"" y - ; 1 he cessation of XV lies .Register in 1848, after thirty-seven years of pub lication, leaves a blank m annual rec ord that no modern publisher has had the foresight or enterprise to Bupply. Nilcs' Register was published origin ally in -Baltimore; afterwards in Washington City. It was a weekly tract of the complied occurrences of the year, bound in semi-annual vol umes and minutely indorsed. A complete set is rare; I own nearly ten full sets, and while 1 have bought twenty volumes nearly consecutive, for one dollar a .volume, I have paid ten dollars for a single volume. The full set is worth about three hundred dollars. It is almost invaluable to any good collection 01 Americana. JNiles son is a man 01 wealth in Washington, who was associated with the Board of Public Works. The only constitution of this record is a meagre appendix to Harper's Maga zine called the "Record of Current Events." The Ieafh rOeKalb. Above them all towered the gallant German at their head. His sword was stained deepest, his battle-cry rang clearest; there was triumph in the keen flash of his eye- if not the victor's triumph, the triumph of duty done. Three times he led his willing men to the charge. Three times they wero forced back by superior num bers. For numbers began to tell. His horse was 6hot under him. His head was laid open by a sabre stroke. Jaquette, the Adjutant of the Dela ware regiment, bound up the wound with bis scarf and besought him to withdraw from the fight. Without heeding the appeal, DeKalb led tbe charge on foot. Wound followed wound, but he held his ground des perately. m At last, concentrating his strength in a final charge, Cornwallis came on. The Marylanders broke. DeKalb fell, bleeding from eleven wounds, still at this supreme moment 6trong enough to cut down a soldier who was aiming his bayonet at his breast. "The rebel General, the reb el General I" shouted the enemy, as they caught sight of his epaulettes. "Spare the Baron DeKalb," cried his Adjutant, Dubuysson, vainly throw ing himself upon his body and trying to shield it with his own from the thirsty bayonets. He spoke to hearts hardened by the fierce spirit of battle. The furious English raised the help less -warrior from the ground, and leaning him against a wagon began to strip him. At this moment Corn wallis and his suite rode up. ' They found ' him already stripped, to his shirt, and with the blood streaming from eleven wound. "I regret to see you so badly wounded, but am glad to have defeated you," said the victorious General, and immediately gave orders that his brave antagonist should be properly cared for. - For three das his strong frame struggled with death. Dubuysson watched by his bedside. English officers came to express their sympathy and grief. Soldiers to the last, his thoughts were with the brave men who had faced the enemy so gal lantly at his command, and just before he expired he charged his faithful ' Adjutant to give them his "thanks for their valor and bid them an effection ate farewell." On the 19th he died, three days af ter the battle. The Masons of the British army took part in his funeral, and buried him with Masonic rites. Gates announced his death to Con gress in terms , of warm admiration, and Congress voted a monument to his memory, which has never been erected. George Washington Greene, in October Atlantic. Depth ot tlie Great Lake. There is a mystery about the Amer ican lakes. Lake Erie is only sixty or seventy feet deep; but Lake Onta rio, which is 500 feet deep, is 230 feet deep below the tide level of the ocean, or as low as most parts of the Gulf of St. Lawrence; and the bottoms of lakes Huron, Michigan, and Superior, although the surface is much Higher, are all from their vast depth on a level with the bottom of Ontario; now as the Detroit river, after allowing for all the probable portion carried off by evaporation, does not appear by any means equal to the quantity of water which the three upper lakes receive, it has been conjectured that a subter ranean river may run from Lake Su perior, by the Huron, to Lake Onta rio. This conjecture is not impossible, and accounts for the singular fact that herring and Salmon are caught in the lake communicating with the St. Lawrence, but no others. Aa the Falls of Niagara must have existed always, it would puzzle the naturalists to say now these fish got into the up per fake without some subterranean river; besides any periodieal exami nations of the Tiver would furnish a not improbable solution of the mys terious flux and reflux of the lakes. Isaac Caldwell is another of the army of candidates for the Kentucky Senatorship. Mr. Caldwell is spoken of as a man who will "develop consid erable strength. He is one of the leading lawyers of the State, and an old fashioned Democrat.