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RICHMOND DAILY PALLADIUM, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1904.
EIGHT. THE, BEST 'BY. THE "TEST. mwESwm Mikce Meat In 10c Packages with List of Valuable Premiums. IF YOU BRANCH YARD 39 South Sixth St. Phone 516. MATHER i . J T . aiirou w PRICES REASOXABLE. EVERYTHING UP-TO-DATE. 17 "7 .MT W i. ft r r- NOTION, AMH DA 925 MAIN STREET SOLE AGENTS FOR l& & & Second band ScSioo! Books Bought zntl sold BARTEL'S NOTION STORE . 925 31AIK STREET Subject 111 I B l l I3 If A If you have not used Mother's Bread, do cot fail to give it a trial. No expense is spared in its manufacture, and we know it is as fine a loaf as it cftitle to troouce. ASK YOUR GROCER FOR IX he fces net pot it, nil bini to call New Phone 39, Old Phone Red 379 and get it. Respectful RUSSIA'S ARMAMENT COM PARED WITH JAPAN. As lo tlie relative strength of Rus s'ui and Japan available for the pur pose of a land and naval war in th Orient, there is considerable differ ence of opinion. According to the military budget, of Iiussia, her army would seem to bo about 1,400, 000. According to the budget, of the Japanese Empire, her army would seem to number aboi 140,000, with a reserve of about 140, 000 more. Many military writers, however, estimate "Kusia's military strength as in the neighborhood of 3,000,000, and even higher, and som estimate the military strength of Ja 'pan as at 000,000, and higher. As tc the efficiency of the military organ" ration of the two empires, critics diff er. The naval strength of Ja confessedly greater than the strength of Russia in Oriental waters. Rus sia has on the Asiatic station seve battleships, with one battleship, the .' Ossliabia, at present in the Mediter ranean, which belongs to the Asiatiq squadron, and another, the Alexam der III., which is to be sent out in the spring of 1004. She has four ar moved cruisers already in Eastern waters, with another on her way out. which was at Bizerta on December IS list. She lias six protected cruisers iuTT in--., i i.i-iTi in vi icijiiu wciierSf with two on their way out, which were at Bizerta on December 18, and I one protected cruiser of the second class. She has twelve torpedo-boat destroyers in Oriental waters, and seven on their way out. She has tin forjedo boats at Port Arthur, ten torpedo boats at Vladivostok, anT four on their way out from the IIad; "' Sea. Japan has six battleships and six .armored cruisers, eighteen nrotecied . 7 --3 WAIT BROS. CO. JM oo Norm est!, n e st. STATIONERY A! O" RE Indexer and Transfer Cases for all makes of Letter Files RICHMOND BAKING CO- cruisers, nine unprotected cruisers, and a greater number of torped boats and torpedo-boat desti overs than Russia, and has two armored cruisers, which she recently purchase ed, on the Avay out. France, the pos sible ally of Russia, has only cno battleship in the Orient, four armor ed cruisers, three protected cruisers, with a number of smaller boats. Eng land, the possible ally of Japan, has five battleships on the .Asiatic station, two armored cruisers, eight protected cruisers, :vA a large .Timber of to- pedo boats and torpedo-boat destroy ers, and smaller boats, besides hav ing at the Eat Jndi- station live protected cruisers. Neither Russia nor Japan can well afford to have war, for it takes money to conduct, successfully, modern war. Russia's national debt is in excess of $3,300, 000,000, and the most recent fiscal reports show a deficit in revenues Japan's debt is $279,000,000, and sht has only about $20,000,000 in cash on hand. But the issues atsetake are s important, events grow so rapidly,the concern of Russia and Japan is so intimate, and the actual situation ol Japan is so desperate, that ordinary considerations of prudence may be brushed r.side and war begin, the out come of which no man would be raslj enough to undertake to prophesy, further than that it is bound to b of most momentous interest and con sequence to the world at large. From "Korea as the Prize of War," by J. Sloat Fassett, in the American Monthly Review of Reviews for Feb ruarv. MRS. BANCROFT'S LETTER. ' Scribner's Magazine for February begins one of those series which from the days of the Thackeray Letters to the Waddington Letters have been characteristic of this magazine. Mrs George Bancroft's Letters from England are a worthy successor tc these notable literar' achievements Mrs. Bancroft was a brilliant worn- an, born in Plymouth, Mass., and all her life associated with people of dis tinction. As a young girl she was s great friend of Emerson and his wife and of many of the Brook Farm people. She married George Ban croft, the historian, in 183S, and when he was sent to England as Min ister in 1S4G, she wrote these letters principally in diary form, to her children. The Bancrofts knew all the eminent people in politics, society and literature. It was the age of Samuel Rogers, Macaulajv Lord and Lady Holland and Palmerston. Personality of George Bancroft 'f. Wife. Elizabeth Davis Bancroft, the wri ter of these letters, published ii Scribner's, was the youngest child and only daughter of William anc Rebecca Morton Davis, and was bori. at Plymouth, Mass., in October, 1S03. She often spoke in later times of what a good preparation for life abroad were the years she spent at Miss dishing 's school at Iling ham, and her visits to her uncles Judge Davis and Mr. I. P. Davis oi Boston. In 1825 she married Alex ander Bliss, a brilliant young lawyer and a junior partner of Daniel Web ster. On his death a few years later, her father having died, her mothc and brother formed a household with her and her two sons in Winthro;; Place, Boston. Owing to the standi ing of Mr. Bancroft as a man of let ters, as well as his official station, the writer saw London life under a? unusual variety of interesting as pects. In 1840 Mr. and Mrs. Ban croft returned to this country, and Mr. Bancroft occupied himself with his history until 1SG8. when he wa; for seven years Minister to Prussi and the German Empire. At the ex piration of that time they took up their residence in Washington where they lived during the remainder of their lives. Introduction of Mrs. George Bancroft's "Letters from England," in the February Scrib ner's. OLIVE HILL Mr. Harvey Towsend went to New Castle Friday to attend the iunerai of his brother-in-law, Mr. Williams. Only a few more days until the election. "So goes Dogtown, so goes the election." Joel B. Curtis visited Frank Sny der Sunday. Frank Underbill and family were the guests of Anderson Toms and wife Sunday. Wesley Walker and wife went to Richmond Saturday. Joe King and wife visited Walte. Harris and family Sunday. Greensfork came over Sunday and beat Dogtown at a game of polo. Mr. and Mrs. Andrew McKenney entei'tained in a social way Sunday quite a number of their neighbors. Mr. Milo Harris and family spen. Sunday with Harvey Townsend and family. Uncle Abram Reynolds remain about the same. Miss Eva Toms returned home Tuesday. Mrs. Ollie King called on Mrs. Syl ia Kempton Monday. BOSTON Dr. E. V. Brower died at the home of his parents, north of here, Satur day night, after a lingering illness of consumption. Mrs. William Ryan has been very ill with congestion, the past week, but is now -improving some. Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Druley are the proud parents of a new son. Miss Florence Parks spent Satur day night and Sunday with Miss Ag nes Druley. Miss Florence w.SUthshrdlumfw Services will be held Sunday morn ing at the M. E. church. The funeral was held at the M. E. church Monday. A very large num ber of persons were inattendance t pay their last respects to the depart ed. Rev. Knapp of Cincinnati preached the funeral discourse. Mam attended from a distance. Friends deeply sympathize with the. bereaved wife and family. A series of revival meetings will becin at the Universal ist church. Wednesday evening, conducted by the pastor, Rev. G randy. Rev. Pope will also assist in the services. The Republican primary election will be held in Boston next Monday, February S. "Walking Skirts fourth off. Clias. II. Smith & Co, SIRES AND SONS. WiUIara Travers Jerome spends his Idle; moments making electrkai clocks. Commander Peary says of north pole chasing (hat "it. is full of the 'pleasure of anticipation unmarred by the disap pointment of realization." Senator Cockrell of Missouri finds his chief recreation in duplicate whist. The senator has half a dozen friends who can always be depended upon to make up a table. Squire B. H. Guildin of Tottsville, Pa., is the oldest justice of the peace in that state, having been first commis sioned by Lincoln. He is ninety years of age and wears summer raiment all the year. Although Andrew Carnegie formerly lived in Pittsburg and has donated several million dollars toward the ad vancement of education there, he does not own a dollar's worth of property in that city. Congressman Benjamin P. Birdsall. who succeeds Speaker Henderson from the Third Iowa district, will be a nota ble addition to Washington literary cir cles, for he is a student of literary sub jects and a book lover. William R. Smith, superintendent of the national botanical gardens in Washington, owns what is believed to be the finest library of its kind in the world. It is composed entirely of wrorks written by and books relating to Robert Burns. Senator McCreary of Kentucky and Senator Stone of Missouri were, born in the same great old Blue Grass county, Madison, which is still McCreary's home. Botb have been governors of their states, and thev took their oaths as senators ca the same day last March. William Collins of Albion.' X. Y.t who assisted in the capture of John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Lin coln, has become insane and is confined in a lunatic asylum. lie is the last survivor but one of the party of twenty-five that started out from Washing ton in pursuit of Booth after the trag edy. THE WRITERS. Tolstoi is the most widely "trans lated" author in the world. There is no Slav dialect into which Lis works have not been translated. Miss Helen Burnside, who has been awarded a pension by the Authors so ciety, has, it is believed, written more Christmas card verses than any other living person. Conan Doyle does not care to have the "Sir" put before his name on the title pages of his books, and he espe cially forbids it in the case of works published in this country. J. M. Barrie, the English author, de rives an income of over ,3.",'J00 a year from royalties on his plays, all of whirh have been phenomenally successful both in Great Britain and America. Edwin F. Jones, former lieutenant governor of New York state, has be come a novelist. His novel, "Richard Baxter," compares favorably with many of the novels of rural American life. CURIOUS CULLINGS. A woman at Westville, 111., stole a lead pencil from a store twenty years ago and has just paid for It. The fumes of copper ore furnaces at Ducktown, Tenn., have blighted the forests of five Georgia counties. In a suit tried recently at Hartford, Conn., one of the parties had 123 cases of books brought from Delaware for use as evidence. A man in Rutland, Vt., who was sen fenced to eighteen months' Imprison ment for murderously assaulting his wife offered as a plea for leniency that he had beaten his wife for thirty year3 and had never been arrested before. Last summer a woman drove fifty five cows into Thunder Mountain, Wyo. Each cow was loaded with a pack con taining provisions, etc. The woman re mained in Thunder Mountain four and a half months and made i?l,S00 clear money. She sold her milk for 23 cents a quart. CHURCHMEN. The Rev. James E. Edwards, a Bap tist preacher of Owensville, Iud., is about to publish a book of his jokes and original sayings. Rev. John Cotton Brooks, brother of the late Bishop Phillips Brooks, has just celebrated his twenty-fifth anniversary as rector of Christ Episcopal church at Springfield, Mass. The Rev. Simon Canter, the noncon formist chaplain at one of the Birming ham cemeteries in England, is eighty two years of age. He was appointed thirty-five years ago and conducts more than 2,000 funerals a year. Rev. James M. Stafford, who lives just across the river from Petersburg, Ind.. preaches, owns a ferry (run by his father), invents things, takes out patents on them and accumulates worldly riches, lie is twenty-seven years old, and the neighbors think he must be worth $500,000. ST. LOUIS' GREAT FAIR. Fair opens April 30, 1904; closes Dec 1,1904. Approximate cost of the exposition. $50.0H),000. Size of grounds. 1,240 acres, nearly two square miles. Thirty-five miles of asphalt and grav el roadways in grounds. Main picture comprises ten great pal aces arranged fan shape. The pike, a mile long, concessions costing more than $.".0O0,OOO. Three great cascades, largest water falls ever constructed by man. Mp of United States in grovin crops covers area of Ave acres. I i A L I 1 r I 1 r -T- LT LJ J I? p M I Sergeant Martin It Retired After Thirty Yearn' Service. . Sergeant John Martin of the Nineti eth company, coast artillery" stationed at Fort Mcilenry. who was the only' man out of 277 to survive the massacre of the Sioux Indians under General Custer, was retired from service by a general order issued by the department of the east. Sergeant Martin has served for thirty years, since he was twenty years old. He will receive three-quarters of his regular pay. On June 25. 1870. General Custer sent Sergeant Martin, then a trumpeter, back from the camp ou the Little Big Horn river. Montana, to Captain Ben teen for re-enforcements. Martin said he had scarcely mountrd a bill about a mile from the camp when he saw Sit ting Bull approac hing. "I knew that it was too late for the re-enforcements, but I continued on my mission. I looked back for a minute, and I knew that my comrades were doomed. I then hurried on to Captain Benteen. I met him coming in the di rection of the camp. On the 2Gth we had an engagement with the same red skins who had killed Custer and the detachment. It was not until the 27th that we reached the field where the Ladies lay. We found Custer leaning against the stomach of a dead horse. There were dead men all around him. He was nearly the last to die, I think." Sergeant Martin also served in the campaigns in the Black Hills in 1875 and the Yellowstone in 187G and 1S77 under the command of General Terry and later under General Sturgis. He has in his possession a handsomely en grossed certificate signed by Captain Benteen which contains the dates of the various engagements in which he fought. Captain Farr. the temporary com mander at Fort McIIenry. sent Ser geant Martin a letter commending his meritorious work in the army. Sergeant 31 art in is married and re sides at 1321 Hull street. Baltimore Sun. Bacillus Prevents Hangringr. Henry Foster, who was taken to the Nebraska penitentiary some nights ago to cheat a crowd that was bent on lynching him for the cold blooded mur der of Thomas Gentleman of Fremont, has escaped the scaffold through the agency of a diminutive bacillus that re quires a microscope to be seen. The ba cillus is the diplobacillicapsilatus-a?ro-genes, so rare- that physicians in the state have come across only one other instance of its presence. It enters a wound, causing the forming under the skin of gas that is fatal. Gentleman died from the bacillus. It was said at thp hospital that his chance of reeov-( cry from shooting was infinitesimal, but none of the physicians and experts could swear before the coroner's jury that Gentleman would not have lived could he have escaped the bacillus, so the charge of murder had to be with drawn. Expert Telefirrnplier at Eleven. Robert T. Baird, aged eleven years, the son of Robert L. Baird of Grova nia, holds a unique place among the bright youths of Georgia. v He is a fast and accurate telegraph operator and has already done regular work in Western Union offices. At one time he was in charge of the offices at Vienna as day operator. oung Baird seems to have taken to the key by instinct. When only seven years old he could sit at the instrument and send before his father knew he was acquainted with the alphabet. At nine years of age he could receive, and now he is considered a competent oper ator. Atlanta Constitution. Trolley Disinf eetantn. An Italian scientist claims to have established that electric tramways are great mediums in the disinfection of towns. He points out that the electric spark, which is so frequent an occur rence to the overhead trolley, and the emission of light from the car wTheel when the rail is used for the' return current transform the oxygen of the air into ozone, which has a purifying and disinfecting influence. The high discharges, he says, are frequent enough to influence greatly the atmos pheric constituents, especially where the line passes through narrow thor oughfares. They become antiseptic agents. Condensed Eprpr! In Germany they make condensed eggs! The superfluous water is re moved, and sugar is added. The con densed eggs are put up for the market in hermetically sealed boxes, a pound box containing about fifteen eggs. This article finds a good market in South Africa, but during the present egg famine they might be imported into this country with more or less profit. Indianapolis Journal. Southern Industrie. During the past year, according to the - Chattanooga Tradesman, there were established in the south 5,290 new industries. An Interesting fact in con nection with these new industries is that the manufacturing interests of the section are now being diversified as never before. Among others, plants were established for the manufacture of buttons, brass, pianos, pottery and paint. SpeaUem of the House. There have been thirty-three speak ers of the national house of representa tives. Eleven of them became United States senators and one of them. James K. Polk of Tennessee, president of the United States. The position has been filled by only one merchant, one physi cian, one preacher, three editors, while twenty-four of them have been lawyers. AN AWFUL PROSPECT. Already Japan has cut ztl the .-world' rrr p.'y of cnxnphop.A wfctph.,J$.c(atro:s, New Item J .-- -, r,i, .'-"'' JVe occidentals face a foe M-jre dire than Jap or Rutsfan. A foe more greatly o ts fears'! s Than Chir.aman or Prussian The camphor '.hat we yes'.efJay :"! R-jgartle-j with such loathing ' , ! li ours r.o more, and so the cr.olh 1 Wilt gobble up aur clothing ! 6oor. '!'.t h -anight y moth 'r.vada And fight js to finish. ; And. camphor.eas. I am sfraid Our warirobes will iirr.:r.ish tt'her. in :r. Cherry Blossom Lani Tr.fc flogs ot war are dinning. We li take our summer luting, ml The moth will lane hss inning.- When wfnter comes t plainly see We'll ' ivt to drtss ;r. itather . Or else . cotton drapery UnsuftM to ths weather When rheumatism seizes js Oh, fri-.-r.cl. have yovi reflected ? There'll be no camphor imimc-nt To soothe the parts, affected Clarice W. Riley in New York Tunes. Ilia Ileeoi:2menlatlon. 'TIave you a recommendation from your last place?" "Yes, siree! Seven months off for good behavior!" Chicago American. Here's n Twister. The German Salzbacher who has charge of a nearby wine cellar is noted for his unique usage of the English language, especially when he becomes excited. The other day one of the little boys who fill bottles for him asked Salzbacher for some corks, receiving instead this answer: "When I tol' you vot you vant you ask me no; now I don't got some, you vant any, yes?" Philadelphia Tele graph. Better if He Were Worse. "My husband," complains the wife, "Is so puritanical! He does not believe in theaters, dancing, card playing, clubs or any of the modern forms of amusement." "Indeed." murmurs the confidant. "But (soothingly) you should remember that you took him for better or worse." "I know, and I can't help thinking how much better it would be if he were worse." Judge. Heartless. "Johnny is a very imaginative child." said the fond mother. "But Willie is more practical. When Willie decides that he wants anything he sets out to get it." "I have noticed that difference," an swered the unfeeling bachelor. "John ny sings I want to be an angel, but Willie smokes cigarettes and skates on thin ice." Washington Star. A Rare Jewel. Mrs. A. (at the phone) Wait a min ute until I ask Bridget. If she has no objections, I'll be delighted to lunch with you tomorrow. (A moment later.) Oh, hello, Mrs. B. Yes. I can. Bridget says I can. Isn't it lovely? Thanks ever so much! (Jc-dby! Mrs. B. (sci;";o; ng, enviously) What wouldn't I give for a cook like that! Detroit Free Press. Upholding; the Law. Magisti'ate (not long in the "coun try") Have you ever been here before? Have you ever been under arrest be fore? Offender No, yer honor. I've al ways had great luck up to this time.' Magistrate You are discharged, but the officer who arrested you is lined $oO for not arresting you before. Boston Transcript. Knows Enongh to Stay In. Cholly A fellow told me today that I didn't know enough to go in when it rained. Miss Sharpe And what did you say? Cholly I assuhed him it was quite unnecessary, doncher know, because I nevah go out when It rains. Philadel phia Ledger. A Contribution. M. J. W. of Haughville sends in the following dainty effort: Some artists they kin surely draw, Espechully the masters; But 'bout the best I've ever saw In this respect wuz my Granmaw Elmiry's mustard plasters. Indianapolis Sun. Ilia Age, Citiman How old is Uncle Si Teters? Josh Medders Waal, he's old enough to know better. He wuz took in by a bunko man last week. Citiman Ah, then he has reached what you may properly call a "green old age." Philadelphia Tress. Premature Fatisn. Wealthy American rather-in-law Look here, count, I'm getting tired of paying your debts. Count Boylon de Bakkovisnek So soon? Sare, you haf not paid ze half of ze debts jet! Chicago Tribune. 1 i i t . PA-