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ID' COUNTY "The frcst-nt Time in His with the Future." Lubmr. NEW SERIES. WINCHESTER, RANDOLPH COUNTY, INDIANA: THURSDAY, JULY 5, 1SG0. VOL. 3 NO- 27 T II K RANDOLPH JOURNAL. rur.LISIIKD ttY B. F. DIGGS, lit cry TItinIuy morning;. m T K IX JI S : f)nr Illui-nl st luill" s jrsir, r?T"N rrr DicoxTiutD till all a- OFFICE: n .Main Street, r.nt Mr Y. It. Iwier-e Drug Store ll,VTi: Ol' AIVi:itTlSINC: One 'inr, 1H line-, one Insertion,. .! Ort Uch additional "t"ertion, " U i irter column, one vear, "" " Hilf " Or,, " " ef Lwsi. advertisements must be paid fur in advance. Unle-s a partici!ar tunc U speeified when handed in, ArvF.nn.:MENT will be published until ordered out. and charged for accordingly. "Ej7ADTEaTisKMrvr,to injure insertion the fame week, should be handed in by Tuesday morning. business Jlircctjori AT T O Ii N KY . WH. A.mi.LK. ANDREW J NEFF. I v i: 1. 1 r. A: n i' r Attorneys and Counselors at Law. Office in the new Jail BuiWin?. Will practice in the Circuit and Common rican Courts, the Supreme Court and the U. S. Coart for the District of Indiana. t7"K-pecial attention given to the col Ifct ion of claim. JTMr. Ncflfis atso Notary rubbc. Önsincss Jltrcdovi). r i: ntists. II. XV. F O S I) I C K j UKS1DKXT DKXTIST, WIXCHKSTLR, INDIANA. OmCKovcr Klzcr's Drug Store. May .I.J HOT K L S FRANKLIN HOUSE, viNc iii:sTi:ir, Indiana. ALEX. WHITE, I'aoraiEToa. ro:irJers kept by the davor week. Am ple ecinmod.itionrf for traveler. Charge.- moderate. pbv ,l CAttEY S. GOODRICH, Vttorney ami Counelor nt I.nw. Office 1st Floor in Xew Jail Ritddwj. Will promntlr attend to all buinc en ir.teUihirar?. Stritt attention given ti the security and collection of claims. JOHN .GOODRICH. I.. WATSON ;ooizci ii u uscn, Attorney and Counselors at Late. OHice Vp Mnir in the New Jail, Will promptly attend to all business en-rn-Ued to their care. K-pecil attention pv- e:i to the securiug an-I collection i ciau SILAS OIiROVK, Attorney A Counselor at Latv, ' "West PuMlc Sipiare, Winchester, Ind. Will promptly and diligently attend to all buinc-s entrusted to his care. Attorney at l-aw, Office in the new Jail Huildinfr. (Site especial attention to the collection and ierurity of claim. BACK AGAIN! M,c" Hotel h; ICHAEL AKKK, in Tears pa-t and Ltone Proprietor of the 'Winchester ;is taken charge of tlie .kcr House. He deires to renew the acquaintance of hi? old friend? and patrons, and ?oliritcu?- tom from the local and traveling public. No rnins will be smrcd to m ike those who favor him with a call comfortable. Cr7I'articular attention paid to horse. tSiirn of the Aker House, on Wnh- inton-St., Ea?t of Main.- n2J TUP, BAIIBAIUTIES CF SLAVERY. SPEECH- or HON. CHARLES SUMNER, In the V. S. Ornate, June Ith, lrCO. The IIa ii si on House, J. W. HCNDEKSOX, IWr, winch i:sti:u, ixn. This Hotel has been thoroujrhlv refitted ami newly furnished, and is now an inrit- ing f topping jdace to lOiirders nnd travel ers. It is nearrr the Depot than any other Ho tel in Winchester. In'JI PrnnKliii House, N. IiOS rilOPKIKTOK. PORTLAND, INDIANA. This House is now open for the reception of guests. Charges moderate. .May 3. PA fill ER HOUSE, J. I. CAI:.MIC'IIA1-:L,... Proprietor Cor. Washington and Illinois Sts.t INDIANAPOLIS, IND. Fare reduced to $1 .r0 per dar. riiitcri Stales Hotel, JOHN T. WATSON, pRoraiETOR SOl'TH-WEST CORNER OF sixth and Walnut Street. Cincinnati, Ohio MEREDITH HOUSE, North-east corner of Main and Fifth ?ts Kicmmond, Inii Winchester & Cowi.es, Proprietors An omnibm will convey travelers to and from the depot freeof charge, and everv thing about the establishment , .itisf:ictorilydoneon the7ire. Patronage respectfully solicited. oct!3 (CONTIMXK.) Holes in the cars, car on t lie fore head, shot in tho legs, anl marks of the lush on the lack. Surh are the tokens by which a lave-ma.tcr jro- pom'S to iilcntifv his blave. Au l h'.'ie is another advertisement revealing slave-masters in a liiTcrent liht. It is from The Xutionul LüelHyejiccr, here in the capital; und I confess th; pain with which I cite such an indecen cy in a journal of such respectability. Uf course it appeared' without the knowledge of the editors; but it is none the less an illustrative example: 'I'oit Si alk An accomplished and hamlsome latlv's maH. Sjhn is just sixteen vears ofaie; was raised in a genteel family in Maryland, and is now proposed to be sold, not for any fault hut because the owner has no further use for her. A note directed Fiiit, alas ! unless the examples of his tory and the lesions of political wis loin are alike delusive, its unrecorded hoirors must assume a foir.iofyet more fearful dimensions, as we try to contemplate them. Iafilm all at tempts at description, they rink into that chapter of Sir Thotius Drowne, entitled. 4,Of some Relations whose Truth we Kir;" and among kindred things whereof, according to this elo quent philosopher, there remains no register but that of hell. If this picture of the relation of slave-masters with their slaves could receive any further daikness, it would he by introducing the figures of the congenial agents through which the barbarism is maintained; the slave oveiscer, the hlavc-breeder, and the slave-hunter, each without a peer ex cept in his brother, and the whole constituting the triumvirate of slavery, in whom its essential brutality, vul garity, and grussncss, are all em bodied There is the slave-overseer, with his bloody lash fitly described in his life of Patrick Henry by Mr. Wirt, who, born in Virginia, knew the class, as last and lowest, most abject, de to C. D. Gadsbv's Hotel will leceive 1 graded, unprincipled," nd his hands PHYSICIANS. t i: a i si. A. F. i; A I Jl. b.. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, yYIXCIIESTF.lt, IX DIANA. OFFICE: Franklin St., one door West f tlie Pat-Ofliee. He in it alwavsbe found at his oOic or . - . H I residence, unless proiessionaiiy cngagi-u. n?2 Office Kast part of town, llCNTSVILLE, IND. Z3T He will always be foundt hisofflce unless professionally engaged. Or. I. FEIWiUSOX, Office at his old stand.cor Main k South St. Where he m at at all times be found un 1 e-s profcsionaily engaged. Dr7 j7 kT if E V E U I. Y, Physician mid Surgeon, Office -nd residence in bricV building, cor ner of North and Unt streets y'iche$ter. In J. AI.LF.N WALL PRorair.TOR Hccrfield , Indiana. M K RCII A NTS, kc. New York Cnsli Store, Sonth-F.at comer of Public Square, oppn file the Frnnllia Ihnsr, Winchester , InJ. L. 1). Jt T. S. Ur.NCH, Paor'ns Stable and Fancv IKY COOPS, Roots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Notions, Ladies' Dress (loods, etc., for pale at hw price. Kutter, Kgg", liag". Feathers, Paeon, Lard, etc., etc., wautcd.ut fair prices. ii 16 IUI. It. W. IIA3III.TOX, Yixcui:sTi:it, isd. R E1! oENcr, Meridian Street, South of the Parson age. OFFICE, orer It. V. Kiter Druj NMrc, vit Dr. FosJick. E. J. PITMAN, WHOI.rSAI.K AND RKTAll. PGAt.fR IN l:iple mid I'aney llr.v oI GROCERIES, HATS A NO CA PS, BOOTS AND SHOES. :2TDeals in all kinds of CRATN. STOKE in the Brick Warehouse, vear the lhot, Winchester, Ind. IV . II. WARD, M INl'FACTCRFR Of Satldlcs and IlarncsN, prompt attention. A sated libertine, in a land wh?rc vice is legalized, could not expose his victim with apter words These two instances will illustrate a class. Jn the recent woik of Mr. Olmstead, a close observer and traveler in the slave tatcs, which abounds in pictures of slavery, expressed with caution and evident regard to truth will be found still another, where a slave-master thus frankly confesses his experience. 'l can tell you how you can break a nigger of running away certain,' said the slave-master. "There was an old fellow I used to know in Georgia that always cured his so. If a nigger ran away, when he caught him he would rSiid his knee over a log and fasten him so he couldn't stir; then he'd take a pair of pincers and pull cue f his toe nails out by the roots; and tell him if he ever ran away again he would pull out two of thorn; and if ho run away again after that he told him he'd pull out four of thm. and so on, doubling each timo. He never had to do it more than twice; it always cured them.'-Oms'ad's Texas Journey, Hb"). Like this story, which U from the lips of a .slave master, is another, where the master, angry because his .slave had sought to regain his od given liberty, deliberately cut the ten dons of his heel, thus horribly maim ing him for life. It is in vain that these instances arc denied. Their ac cumulating number, authenticated in every possible manner, by the press, by a cloud of witnesses, and by the confession of slave-masters, stare us constantly in the face. And here we are brought again to the slave-code, under the shelter of -which worse things may be done with com idete impunity. Liten to the remark able words of Chief Justice Ilullin, of North Carolina, who in a solemn de cision, thus portrays, affirms and de plores, this terrible latitude: The obedience of the slave, he says, is the consequence onlyof uncontrolled authority over the body. The power of the master must beabsolute to render the submission of the slave per feet. 1 must freely confess my sense of the harshness of this proposition. I feel as deeply as any man can. And as a principle of moral right, every person in his retirement must repudiate it. lint in the actual condi tion of things, it must be so . There is no remedy. This discipline belongs to the state of Slavery. It is inherent in the relation of master and slave." The state agt. Mann, LDev'aux'JO'J. J And this same terrible latitude has been thus expounded in a recent judi cial decision of Virginia: "It is tho policj of the. law in re spect to the relation of master and slave, and for the sake of securing proper subordination and obedience on the part of the slave, to protect the master from prosecution, even if the whipping and punishment be ma wield at will the irresponsible power. There is the slave-breeder, who as sumes a higher character, and even enters legislative halls, where, in un conscious insensibility, he shocks civilization by denying, like Mr. CJholson of Virginia, any legal dis tinction between the "female flavr" and the "brood mare," by openly as serting the necessary respite from work during the gestation of the female slave as the ground of property in her offspring, and by proclaiming that in this "virgintial" crop of hu man flesh consists much of the wealth of his state, wdiile another Virginian, not yet hardened to this debasing trade, whose annual sacrifice reaches 2.0,000 human souls, confesses the in dignation and shame with which he beholds his state "converted into one grand managerie, where men are reared lor the market like oxen for the sham bles." And lastly there is the slave hunter, with the bloodhound as his brutal symbol, who pursues slaves as the hunter pursues game, and does not hesitate in the public prints to adver tise his barbarism thus: hop north Public S.piare, Winchester, I ml licious cruel and excessive. Panther agt.Cwelt. ( Urattan. Oiü.J John II. Crowley, .11. ., THYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Graduate of PhiUMphU College of Medi cine, and Philadelphia Lying- In-Ch irity, .embracing lractical Obstetrics and diseases Ol f Females. M lUrim- been Assistant Demonstrator 01 AnatomT, and having fpc"1. t,,rr,c n the HrtpiUil4 and Di-penanej of 1 hiladel nlii.i. and being suppticl with cxccUmt Sur gical In.trumcnt5.heis prepared to pcrtortn ill operations in the various departments of the profession. fjf Particular attention paid to diseases of the Eve. . . OFFICE Washington Street, near the north-west earner of the Public Square, Winchester, Ind, Mv -17. JNKO. I) R U (2 CISTS. Y. U. PIERCE, i) itiTc:c:isT, BOOKS AND C ST AT 1 0 N A R Y, Est Public fvpiare, under Journal Office. H. P. KIZER, DRUGGIST, via( ur.sTi.n i.ki. in-.At.r.n is !IU';4. CHEMICALS, OILS, PAINTS, PATENT MEDICINES, EVKUY VAIHETY OF NOTIONS, lrTC. G It 0 C F. K S . Uroccrir iV rroviMon, N.E. corner Miir A: Franklin - trctta, Wimhtr-Ur, lud. Y O SE V II I IV K ETT, WHO! .S Al.r. A RKT KM. !KAl.KR IN STOVES, COPPER, TIN & JAPANNED WARE, Store Wet of thr South-trest corner of the Public Square, H inchester. Til OS. WARD, HARDWARE MERCHANT, Washington st., north of the Public S.pinre. lOIIX RICIIARDSOX, .Merchant Tnilor, Shop wfüt of the public snnre, Winchester. ROBBINS & POMEROY, DEALERS IN BOOTS AND SHOES, NO. lT.AHL STIt I 'ET, Joh I V. K"hhiM. 1 IU1,.hM.IWr..y. CINCINNATI, O. A. um Ii. i;r.rin. Jatne r.l'omcrox. CLOTHING STORE, II- SHIRE & BROTHER, mopRiETons, No. 72 Maim St., orrosirE Ott Hotel, UH'iiTiorwK ii. rpiIE UNDERSICtNlT) request their 1 former lrienU nl patrons to plve them a rail, hen visiting Kichmond. Slull nlwTs le pUwl to see them, and pledge them knl treatment, Especi d attention Is called to their Mer chant TViloring Eptatlihmriit. nl3 M. SIIIUE k I1RO, cAUPKN'rr.n and ihjilddu. Shop uii WuOilnslon SI., ();jititr the Alcr Haute, Winrhttttr, Ind Can barbarism further go? Here is an irresponsible power, rendered more irresponsible still by the seclusion of he plantation, and absolutely fortilied y the supplementary law excluding ho testimony of slaves. That under its shelter enormities should occur stranger than fiction, terrible for im agination, and surpassing any individ ual experience is mnply according to the course of history. Tho visita tion of the Abbeys in England dis closed VKe and disorder in startling form., cloaked by the irresponsible privacy of monastic life. A similar visitation of plantations would dis close more fearful results, cloaked bv irresponsible privacy of slavery. Every slave-master oa his plantation is a Rishaw, with all the prerogatives of a Turk. According to llobbes, he is a "petty king." This is true; and every plantation is of itself a petty kingdom, with more than the lnuiuni ties of an Abbey. Sixty thousand m m skulls of infants are said to have been taken from a single fish pond near a nunnery, to the dismay of rope dregory. Lnder the law of slavery, infants, the offsprings of masters, "who dream of freedom in slave's embrace," are not thrown into a fish pond, but something worse is done, they are sold. But this is only singlo glimpse. Maverr, in its reccssc, is another Ikstile, whose horrors will never bo known until it all U razed to the ground, it U tho dismal castle of the ( Jiant Despair, which. when raptured by the Pilgrim, exci teil their wonder, as they saw "the dead bodies that lay there in the cas tle yard, and how full of dead men's bones the dungeon was. The recorded horror of slavery seem to bo infinite. and each day, by the escaps of its vic tims, they are Mill further attested, while tho doors of the vast prisou hoiloo i left ajar. "Uloodhounds. I have two of the finest doirs for cat chin it neirroes in the Southwest. They can take the trail 12 hours after the negro has passed and catch him with ease. I live four miles southwest of llolivar, on the road leading from Bolivar to Whitcs ville, I am ready at all times to catch run away negroes. March '2, lc.Vj. DAVID TUI'NER." . West Tennessee Democrat. The bloodhound was known in ear ly Scottish history; it was once vin dictively put upon the trail of Kobe it IJruce, and in barbarous days, by a cruel license of war, it was directed againt the marauders of the Scottish border; but more than a eenturj has passed since the last survivor of the race, kept as a curiosity, was' fed on meal in Kttick Forest ("Scott's I av of the Last Minstrel" Notes, canto v.) The bloodhound was cm ployed by Spain against the natives of this Continent, and the eloquence of Chatham never touched a truer chord than when, gathering force from the condemnation of this brutality, he poured his thunder upon the kindred brutality of the sealping-knife; adop ted as an instrument of war bv a na- tion professing civilization. Tardily introduced into our IJepublio some time after the Missouri Compromise, when slavery became a political pass ion, and slave-masters began to throw aside all disguise, the bloodhound, has become the representative of our bar barism in one of its worst forms, when engaged in the pursuit of a fel low man who is asserting his inborn title to himself; and this brute is, in deed, typical of the whole brutal leash of slave-hunters, who, whether at home on slave soil, under the name of slave-catchers and kidnappers or at a distance under politer names: insult human nature by the enforcement of this barbarism. 3. From this dreary picture of slave-masters, with their slaves and their triumvirate of vulgar instruments, I pass to another more dreary still and more completely exposing the influence of slavery I mean the relations of sdave -masters with each other, also with society and government, or in other words, the character of slave-masters, as dis played iu the general relations of life. And here I need your indulgence. Not in triumph or in taunt do I ap proach this branch of the subject. Veilding only to the irrcistible.exi- gency of the discussion, and in direct response to the assumptions on this tloor, especially by the Senator from irgmia (Mr. Mason), I shall proceed. If I touch slavery to the quick, and enable slave-ma; ters to see themselves as others see them, 1 shall do nothing beyor.d the strictest line of duty in this debate. One f the choicest pas sages of the master Italian poet, Dante is where a scene of transcendent vir tue is described as sculptured in "vis ible speech on the4 long gallery which led to the heavenly gate. This was natural. Nobody can look upon virtue and justice, if it be only in im ages and pictures, without feeling a kindred sentiment. Xobody can be surrounded by vice and wrong, by vio lence ami brutality, if it be only in images and pictures; without coming under their degrading influence. No body can live with the one without advantage; nobody can live with the other without loss. ho could pass his life in the secret chamber u bir are gathered the impure relics of Tom. neii without becoming in different to loathsome things ? but if those loath some things ate not merely sculptured and paintedif they exist in livin reality if they enact their hideout caper in life , as in the criminal pre tensions of slavery while tho lash plays and tho blood spirts while women whipped and ihildivn are sold whilo maniage is polluted and an nulled while tho painiu! tie is rude ly torn-while honest gains arc filched or robbed while tho soul itself is shut down in all the darkness of ig norance,! and while (Jod himself, is de filed in the pretension that man can have property in his fellow-man; if all these things are present, not mere ly in images anl picture., hut in real ity, their influence on character must he incalculable. It is according to irresistible law that men are fashioned hy what is about them, whether cli mate, scenery, life, or institutions. Like produces like, and this ancient proverb is verified always. Look at the minor, low down in darkness; and the mountaineer, ranging on airy nights, and you will see a contrast in character, and even in personal form. Tho dilT ere nee between a coward and a hero may be traced in the atmosphere which each has breathed; and how much more in the institutions under which each has ben reared. If insti tutions generous and just ripen souls also generous and just, then other institutions must exhibit their in fluence also. Violence, brutality, in justice, barbarism, must be repro duced in the lives of all who live within their fatal sphere. The meat h eaten by man enters into and be comes part of his body; the madder which is eaten by a dog changes his bones to red; and the slavery on which men live, in all its fivefold foul ness, must become a part of them selves, diseolori.ig their very souls, blotting their characters, and breaking forts in moral leprosy. This language is strong; but the evidence is even stronger. Some there may be of hap py natures like honorable Senators who can thus feed and not be harmed. Mithridates fed oir poison, ami lived; and it may be that there is a moral Mithridates, wdio can swallow with out baue the poison of Slavery. In stead of "ennobling" the master, nothing can bo clearer than that the slave drags his master down; and this process begins in childhood, and is continued through life. Living much in association with his slave, the mas ter finds nothing to remind him of his own deficiencies, to prompt his ambition, or excite his shame. Without these provocations to virtue, and without an elevating example, he naturally shares the barbarism of the society which he keeps. Thus, the very inferiority which the slave-master attributes to the African race ex plains the melancholy condition of the communities in which his degradation is declared by law. A single false principle or vicious thought may degrade a character oth erwise blameless; and this is practi cally true of the slave-master. Accus tomed to regard men as "property, his sensibilities are blunted and his moral sense is obscured. He consents to acts from which civilization recoils. The early Church sold its property and even its sacred vessels for tho re demption of captives. This was done on a remarkab'e occasion by St. Am brose, and successive canons confirmed the example. Iut in the slave States this is all reversed. Slaves there are often old as tho property of the Church, and an instance is related of a slave sohl in South Carolina in or der to buy the plate for the communion-table. Who can calculate the ef fect of such an example? Surrounded by pernicious influences of all kinds, both positive ami negative, the first making him do that which ho ought not to do, and the second making him leave undone that which he ought to have done, through childhood, youth, and manhood, even unto age; unable while at home to escape these influen ces, overshadowed constantly' by the portentous barbarism about him, the slave-master naturally adopts the bludgeon, the revolver, and the bowie knife. Through these lie governs his plantation, and, secretly armed with these he enters the world. These are his congenial companions. To wear these is his pride; to use them becomes a passion, almost a necessity. Noth- perfect immunity. A fpecies of com mon law has grown up in Kentucky, which, were it written down, would, in all civilzed countries, cane it to be rechristcned, in derision, the land of blood.' Such was the official confession of a slave-master (Jovernor of Kentucky. And here is the oflicial confession made the same year by the slave-master Governor of Alabama: 'We hear of homicide in different We condemn the j meeting of flave-mastcM in Georgia, ions of the Homan i in th Governor was recom- d liven to recant. Index Expurgatoriou? Church; but American slav masters j mended to issue a proclamation, offer- t 11 t T ? -V-..NV mm .1 - nave an muex on wnicn are inscribed ; mg S.i.ihio a reward lor the appro ul! the generous books of the age. j henion of either of ten persons named There is one book, the marvel of re- in the resolution, citizens of New-York cent literature, 'Uncle T..ms Cabin;' j and Massachusetts; and one a subject which has been treated both by the' of jrcat Britain, not one of whom it church and by the slavc-rna-tcis, so was pretended had ever et foot on th that it is honored by the same nip. soil ol Georgia. The Milledgevillo presion at the Vatican and at Char- Federal Union, a newspaper of Geor- Ieton. Not to dwell Pn these in- r. in lo6. contained an offer of parts of the State continually, and yet j stance-:, theie is one which h?i a most ? 10.100 for kidnapping a clergyman have few convictions and still fewer instructive ridiculousness. A latiful : tesiding in the city of Ncw-Yoik. A .... . ... ..... ! executions. hy do we bear ol stab- discourse of the iate Dr. Lhanning on ' Committee of Vigilance in Lnuutana. West India emancipation the last j in 1 :.". offered, in the LouUi'a Jour efiort of his beautiful career was j nal, 6"0,0'JU leward to any ern otfered for sale by a book agent at ! who would deliver into their band Chaileston. Aprosecution bv the ! Arthur Tappan, a merchant of New- bings and shootings almost daily in some part or other of our State?' A land of blood! Stabl ings and shootings almost dailv! Such is the ."1 r oflicial language. It was natural that coteniporary newspapers should repeat what thus found utterance in high places: Here is a confession by a newspaper in Mississippi: The moral atmospheic of our State appears to be in a deleterious and sanguinary condition. Almost everv exchange paper which reaches ns con tains some inhuman or revolting case of murder or death by violence. I Gulf Advertiser, June 127, Cm rand 18:i7. conti unites 10 vioumiccso tmucu as the wearing of instruments of violence, thus having them always at hand to obey the lawless instincts of the indi vidual. A barbarous standard is es tablished; a contest peculiar to our slave masters, known as a 'street fight," is not shameful; a duel is not dishonorable, and modern imitators of Cain have a mark set upon them; rot for reproach or condemnation, but for compliment and approval. I wish to keep within bounds, but unanswera ble facts, accumulating in fearful quantities, attest that the social sys tem, so much vaunted by honorable Senators, and which asked to sanction and to extend, takes its character from this spirit, and, with professions of Christianity on the lips, becomes Cain-like. And this is aggravated by the prevailing ig norance in the slave States, where one in twelve of the adult vhit popula tion is unable to read and write. "The boldest they who least partake the light. As panic-cocks in the dark are' trained to fi-ht." Of course, there are exceptions which we all gladly recognize, but it isthis spirit which predominates and gives th social law. And here mark an important difference. Elsewhere violence shows itelf in pite of law, whether social or statute. Elsewhere it is pursued and condemned; in the slave States it is adopted and honored. Elsewhere it is hunted as a crime; in the slave States it takes its place among the honorable graces of society. IH not thee harsh .statements stand on my authority. Listen to the testimony of two Governors of tdave States in their messages to the legislatures: We long to see the day (sail tho ( Jovernor of Kentucky iu lS'J7) when tho law will assert its majesty, and stop tho wantou destruction of life which iiiinoJt iaily occurs within the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth Men slatighte: each oth-r with alm-t Here is another confession by a pa per in New Orleans: 'In view of the ciimes which are daily committed, we arc led to inquire whether it is owing to the inefficiency of our laws, or the manner in which these laws are administered, that this frightful deluge of human blood flows through our streets and our places of public resort.' New-Orleans Uee, J-Jd May, 1S33. And here is testimony of a different character: 'No ons who has not buen an inte gral part of a slaveholding community can have any idea of its abominations. It is a whitcd sepulcher full of dead men's bones and all uncleanness. These are the words of a Southern lady, the daughter of the accomplished Judge Grimke, of South Carolina. A catalogue of affrays between politi cians, commonly known as 'street fights' I use the phrase which comes from the land of slavery would show that these authorities were not mista ken. That famous Dutch picture, known particularly by a successful engraving, and called the Knife Fight, presents a scene less revolting than one of these. Two or more men, armed to the teeth, meet in the streets, at a court-house or a tavern, shoot at each other with revolvers, then gash each other with knives, close and roll upon. tho ground, covered with dirt and blood, struggling and stabbin till death, prostration, or surrender puts an end to the conflict. Each in stance tells a .shameful story, and cries out against the social sjstem which can tolerate such barbarism. A cata logue of duels in our country would testify again to the reckless disregard of life where slavery exists, and would exhibit violence flaunting in the garb of honor, and prating of a barbarous code disowned equally by reason and religion. But you have already supped too full of horrors, and I hasten on. Pardon mo if I stop for one moment to exhibit and denounce the duel. I do it only because it belongs to the brood of slavery. An enlighter.d civilization has long ago rejected this relic of barbarism, and never has one part of tho argument against it been put more scntentiously than by Frank lin: "A duel decides nothing," said this patrirt philosopher, "and the person appealing to it makes himself judge in his own cause, condemns the offender without a jury, and under takes himself to be tho executioner. To theso emphatic words I would add two brief propositions, which, ?f practically adopted, make tho duel impossible first, that the acknowl edgement of wrong with apology or explanation can never be otherwise than honorable; and secondly, that, in the absence of all such acknowl edgement, no wrong can nevoi be re paired by a gladiatorial contest, where brute force, or skill, or chance tmid decide the da'. Iron and adamant are not stronger than these arguments, nor can any one attempt an answer without exposing his feebleness. And yet slave-masters, disregarding its irrational character, insensible to its folly, heedless of its impiety and un conscious of its barbarism, openly adopt the duel as a regulator of man ners and conduct. Two voices from South Carolina have been raised against it, and I mention them with gladness as testimony even in that land of slavery. The first was Charles we are now! Cotes worth Pinckney, who, in the early days of the republic," openly de- bout h Carolina Association ensued and the agent was held to bail in the sum of one thousand dollars. Shortly afterward the same agent received for sale a work by Iliekens, freshly pub lished, "American Notes;" but deter mined not to expose himself again to the tyrannical inquisition, he gave no tice through the newspapers that the book 'would be submitted to highly intelligent members of the South Car olina Association for inspection, and have encountered argument by brutal if the will be for also to another recent instance, as re- ftJl Portuguese preacher, Vicjra, we counted in Ihe ATonfnnery Mi, a newspaper of Alabama: "Last Sunday we devoted to the Voik; and, during the frame vear, a public meeting in Alabama, with a person entitled Honorable in the chair, offered a similar reward of r0, OOO for the samo Ai thur Tappan. and of La Hoy Sunderland, a clergyman of the Methodist Church at New-Vojk. Tbse manifestations are not with out prototype in the history of tho Anti-Slavcrv cause in other eouutiie. From the beginning dare-masier - - i - have encountered argui sale is approved by them it ! it v and violence. If we go back to tho r sale if not, not.' Listen earliest of Abolitionists, the wonder- flames a large number of copies ! hall find that his matchless eloquence and unquestioned piety did not save !.im from indignity. After a sermon exposing slavery in Hraz.il, he wa Spurgeon's sermons, and the pile wa ! seized and imprisoned, while one of t gracea at the top with a copy ol Graves' Great Iron Wheel,' which a llaptist friend presented for tho pur pose. We trust that the works of the greasy Cockney vociferator may re ceive the same treatment throughout the south. And if the pharisaical au thor should ever show himself in thee parts, we trut that a stout cord may speedily find its way around his elo quent throat. He has proved him-; self a dirty, low-bred slanderer, and ought to be treated accordingly." And very recently we have read in journals that trustees of a college in Alabama have resolved that Dr. Wav- land's admirable work on moral m i ence "contains Abolition doctrine of the deepest dye; " an 1 they proceeded to denounce "the said book, and for bid its further use in the institute." All this is natural, for tyranny is condemned to be consequent with it self. Proclaim Slavery to be aper manent institution, instead of a tem porary barbarism, soon to pis away, and then, by the unhesituting logic of self preservation, all things must yield to itx support. The safetyof Slavc rybecomes the supreme law. And since Slavery is endangered by Liberty in any form therefore all liberty must Ve restrained. Such is tho philosophy ol this seeming paradox in a republic. And our slave masters show them selves apt in this work. Violence and brutality arc their ready instruments, quickened always by the wakefulness of suspicion and perhaps often by the restlessness of uneasy consciences. Everywhere in the Slave States the lion's mouth of Venice, wdicre citizens were anonymously denounced, is open; nor are the gloomy prisons and the Bridge of Sighs wanting. This spirit has rccentlyjshown itself with such in tensity and activity as to constitute what has been properly termed a Iteign of Terror. Northern men, un less they happen to bo Delegates to a Democratic Convention, are exposed in their travels, whether of business or health, to the operation of this system. They are watched an I dogged as if in a land of despotism; they aro treated with the meanness of a disgusting tyranny, live in peril always of per sonal indignity, and often of life and limb. Complaint has sometimes been made of the wrongs to American citi zens in Mexico; but during the last year, more outrages on American citi zens hae been perpetrated in the Slave States than in Mexico. Here again, I have no time for details, whi h have been already presented in other quarters. Hut the iittanees aie from fill condition of life. In Misou ri, a Methodist clergyman,, suspected of being an Abolitionist, was taken to prison, ami l threats of tar and feath ers. In Arkansas, a fchoolmatcr was driven from the State. In Ken tucky, a plain citizen from Indiana. on a visit to his friends, was threatened with death by the rope. Iu Alabama, a simple person fromConnecticut, ped dling books, was thrust into prison, amid the cries of '.Sho'.t him ! hang him!" Iu Virginia, a Shaker, from New Yoik, peddling garden -seeds-was forcibly expelled from th State. In Georgia, a merchant's clerk, an irishman by Lirth, who kiniply ake 1 asked clared his .abhorrence of tho I-rac-1 lho sl..tPnieut of a just tlebt. tas caKt tice, and invoked tue clergy ot hij state "as a particular favor, at some convenient early day, to preach a ser mon on the sin and follv of dueling." Tho other was Mr. Ilhett, who, on this floor, openly declared as his rea son for declining tho duel, "that he feared God more than man." Gen erous woids, for which many errors can bo pardoned. ILit thee voices condemn the social yteni of which tho duel is a natural product. Looking now at tho broad g nrface of society where slavery exists, we shall fiud its spirit actively manifest in the suppression of all free lorn of speech or of the press, especially with regard to this wrong. Nobody in the slave States can peak or ptint against slavery, except at the peril of lifo and liberty. St. Paul could call upon Athens to give up theworshin of unknown god;: ne coui.i jive m his own hired house at Rome, and preach Christianity in this heathen metropo lis; but no man can be hanl against slavery in Charleston or Mobile. We condemn the Inquisition, which sub jects all within its influence to censor ship and secret judgment; but this tyranny is repeated in American slave masters; Truths as simple as the great discovery of Galileo are openly denieJ, and all who declare thern aie into pri-on, robbed of book, containing nearly his pecket S1, and the principal slave masters. him in mockery, wheie were all hi learning and "all his genius now, if they could deliver him in this extremi ty." He was of the Catholic Church, fhit the spirit of slavery is the same iu all churches. A renowned Quaker minister of the last centiuy, Thomas Chalkley, while on a visit at Ilaiba does, having simply recommended charity to the slaves, without presum ing to breathe a word agriiibt slavery itself, was first met by disturbance in the meeting, and atterward, on the highway, and in open day, was fired at by one of the exasperated planter with 'a fow'ing piece loaded with , small shot, ten of which made mark, and several drew blood Even in England, while the idavc-trado was under discussion, tho same spirit ap peared. Wilbeiforce, who represented . the cause of Abolition in Pa liament, w-s threatened with personal violence; Claikson. who represented tho fatu cause before the people, wa asaulu bv the infuriated slavc-traper, a- narrowly escaped being hustled ml the dock; and lloscoe. tho accom plished historian, on- Vis return Liverpool from his scatiu Parliamcr where he had sinalized himself a c opponent of the slave-trade, waa tr. at the entrance of the town by a sc a"C mob, composed of persona intc csted in thii traffic, armed wtth ktnv and bludgeons, the distinctive ar: ments and companions of Pro-bb cry partizans. And even in the Free States partisans of Slavery have, from the! ginning acted under the inpiratio: violence. The demon of Slavery ! entered into them, and under it lluenco they have behaved liko !: masters. Public meetings for the ( cussion of Slavery have becn in rnpted; public ha'.ls dedicated tc dUeusMun have been dcstioycj burned to the ground. In all our ; ulous cities the great rights of r and of the press have been asi precisely as in the Slave States Huston, Gairison, pleading for Slave, was dragged through thoft' with a halter about his neck, r Illinois, Lovejoy, also pleadiit; the slave, was ferociously nitir Tho foimcr yet lives to speak fo. self, while the latter live in hi quent brother, tho Ib'prescc from Illinois in the other llooc. does slavery show its natural it: even at a distance. Nor in th States is this spirit confined ( outbreaks of mere lawlessness trong for restraint, it find no tions except in its own hz will. Tho Government bcco tool, and in official acts docs ding. Here, again, the i st: numerous. I mightdwcll degtadation of the Post OfL.;, its official head consented thit sake of slaiery, tho mail th: should be rifled. I might '": on the cruel persecution of f. sons of color, who in the slat generally, and even hcie, in' ' t rbt of Col. tnbia. aie not tl testify where a white man b tion, an i who, now, in sever: arc ii e iate 1 by legislative t: the alternative of expnlsion f homes or of i election to sir. I pass at one? to two illustre! a.tii.n, which, as a son of J hind v'exf.itked w ith his life. In South : settf. I can not forget. 1. The firt relate tr a purest life and bcrfect intg Carolina, a stone-cutter, Irishman bv birth, was stripped naked, and then amid cries of "brand him!" Ibirn i name is destined to fit! a c "Spike him to death!" pi him!" scourged so that blood came at everv stroke, while tar was poured upon the; lacerated flesh. J bests atrocities, cal culated, according to the words of a poet of subtle beauty, to "make holi day in hell," were ordained by vigi lance committers, or by that br.ict magistrate. Judge Lynch inspired by th demon of Slavery. He let them looe, nd cried T!l! How shalt w yield him honor due?" In perfect fchmeles.nes$, and, as if to blazon this fiendish spirit, we have had, this Winter, in a leading news paper of Virginia, an article propos ing to give 825 each for the head of citizens, moMly members of Congres, known to be against slavery, m l 650, 000 for the head of William IL Sew aid. And, in still another paper of Virgin., wo find a proposition to rahe 10,000 to lo given fur tho kidnap- this sublim spirit he c ping and delivery of. a venerable citi zen, Joshua U. Gi Idings, at Kich mond, 'or 85,000 for the production of his head." The.o aie fresh instan ces, but thT ar iKt abn. At a ace in the history of free' urn lioyii uarnson. lor; chutetts bred to the arme' with Dr. Franklin, an 11Ü predecessor becoming an" saw with instinctive c! wrong of slaver, and r when the ardors cf the Hi tion had given way tu throt.ghout the North, he ( . ward to denounce it. Tfc: j t im ore where he then ret:.' earlier reward. Afterward,' l3t. he rublishe.Wjhe Cr.: of T'te L'Xerator, insctib: motto an utteiance of C. lanthropy, "My coontrt f my countrymen are al. and declaring in the face ing apathy," I am in er. not eqnivorate. 1 will i single inch, an 1 1 will I : labors lor mo slave, pr tervenlion by Cogre" and on well-coruirrc J ing all appeal to tl;3 selves Stivh n as his si: 4'.