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WINCHESTER JOURNAL It ri'tLIIMEU i:vi:tiy fkiday .mou.nim: r Koirga ir rnoruiT'j.. TERMS OF SUr.a'CRIPTION. One Dollar nnd l iftr rt. n Ynr, if Faid ii iTict; TERM3 OF ADVERTISING: "oeq-are, one itirrti.n, Eich a I lithuai irxrrtiun,. A liSrral ilijcount will be rn tje tö those ho id vtrti for lonzf r e rid. iuisiiuss ilirrdorn. II iiiit'"r.l-fi:iii or 3 j.rj-ar. .NV.iM USI.V I.N AIiVA.NCK. s c ii o l k x a 7i i x i: i: , I. 1 1 1 ATT, Sri IK.OI. I:XAM!M:K for Ilwn- Iü!ih cmntv, wi.l atteii'l to the Ex- Fourth Nu turd ay in IIhc h .Moth, In the Sew Hrlck SchooI-I!oue, North of the FUilrovJ, Wiuchtiter, InJiana. CAREY S. GOODRICH, Attorney at Law, Wim. atti:m phomitlvto collecting ami pecurin claims and ohuttin pen-inn nr.d Mck pit for o'.lfM and thfir heim. OJice on first Hoot of hfw Jail l'uildin. Aio. N'ut.irv I'uMic and Agent for the rale f Kcal State. n3Cl j JOHN B. CROWLEY, M. D. PIIVSICIAX AXI) Sl'RGEOX. Particular attention paid to disease of Tili: EYE AND EAK. Orn v.v. ami ni:sii)i:.ci: at 'DeerfleM, Indiana. DU. 1. FFIHiFSOV, Winchester. In lifkn. Office and residence on orner of Mu an I S iuth Streets, where e m ty 11 tim4 be founJ, unless yro- essionallj engaged. TI, C!A IKTF.lt, Dealer In Dry Hoods , Hot and Shoe. Ht. Cap and Q leeu's-war1. No. f, Kast Front oT rub- lic'S inre, an least of the Court -House. dec F2 T F.VKFItSDOKI Fit klof "uriilnrc nJ ! 1? AMF.L KD ..1 Sujrar Kettles, Skil an l bet stvle... Ha.t ! VJ "J"1 L" ovy Sk.1-.Winehe-ter. I.ts loa Keitulove lMs RnJ Dog Ironist Wards Hardware Store. I J M inn f io tut er fJli itr. of the latest Dflhe Tuhlic Square TOII HOSS, C.rocer and Hiker, and tker,an! Store on ; d frank. 1 ! f dealer iu rioviion. Xc the north-east corner of Main and I i a Street. JlIIOMAM W'AKI), H.irJware Mer- , chant. Washington Street, north of! n PuMicSijiwre , Winchester, lad. J JOHN RICHARDSON. M G II f If AXT TAILOR Yetofle Vulllr. Square, WIXCIIKSTEU, YJ. C10THS, CASSIYERES AND VESTlN'GS.j Vlwiy on hanl nrnl made to orJt r in the hc-t tTle. PRICKS KKASONAIIM-:. TILE! TILE! TILE!! Itriihi your HVf Isitttits! MV, Urdu Tile nnnifcturil t.j tlu in.l.-r.i Mii'il li.iv luM-ii !r'Hniineed Ihtfhrtiu Trv them,.ii)'I it von Io not - , lfcim UiRcl th it they arc jnt thr tifljjor Jf'tininj trrl ttin t, rwill rv- I'll i 1 you tlo in )im-v tviitl for tlu n. Wo t4 kfrp on h in! UKICK, of our own m inuf irttirf, which we warrant to givi entire 4 itisl'.iction. JTlJivf u c :t our aril, north ol the Dcjot, WinclicUT. Iieli!). maTMrJ O. & .1. K. MA K TIN. WILLIAM BRADEN, STEAM PRINTER, niank Hook Mantifaclnrcr, BLANK BOOKS, PAPER AND STATIONERY, .No. 21 WrM Wliiuston-t, INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA, All kiii.! of Waul on huJ. or Triaied to order. SPENCER HOUSE. N.W. COUNKR I'.NMON OKPOT, INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA. M. HRTH, OWNER AND PROPRIETOR. WINCHESTER HOUSE, (I.at Akrr !Iiur, fCTOrt! rcnTtrvl andiicwtjr furniti IX fb Stipe O.Tut rrtu vrvl to it. No pt'.ii p.irptl to mike zuritt conilortaMc. Horse it'J Cirrio ti he H. SIEC, MERCHANT TAILOR, Jiclnis's Block, Winchester Mnl. Kr' constat! tl y on lianJ a freli ?urplr of ILOTIIS, GASIHERK, VBTIMS. Anl all other artif tciipprfrtnlninir to tlif abore buoiu.'.' all of uliich I will scl.' vi:itv rin:.r rou cash CPTTING AM MAKINtl done to Ardcr. All work warranted to givetativ fctton ant got up in the MiTilST STVMsFs! ot ire a rail I don t intend lobe lMKKOLD. S It STOP THE REBELS!; WINCHESTER IV civ Srric. 0 DR. N. SIMMONS, Druggist and Bookseller, UNION CITY, IMM NA. contin ue to kcf-n. at LOW PRICKS, a COMTEETE STOCK OK I)IM';s. FAMILY AM) HOMEO PATHIC MF.DIC'INF.S, FAINTS, Ol LS AM l YII-s I I' ITS, TltFSSrs AND SM. FOKTI.IIS, SHOFLOFIt-nit AFFS. S II O I. HO OKS, M) STATIONERY, FTC, I7TC. THOMAS WARD, 1 AT HIS OLD STAND, North of the Court House , bag on hand and for sale a (I EN ERA L Assortment of Hardware! I RON, Steel, Naila, Carpenter' Tools, etc, at Ward' Hardware Store. D OUHLK and Pintle Shot and Rifle Guns and Revolvers at WnrdN Hardware Store. POWDER, Lead and Cap?, Towdtr Flasks and Shot IJ.i- at Ward' Hardwire Stor. GRINDSTONES and Hinging, Log Ch.iins and Steely rds at Ward'i Hardware Store. QASH,Gl.i53 and Tuttvat 0 AVanP Hardware Store. B PTT and Strap Hinge- at Ward Hardware Store. A'i (I EN ERA E assortment of Shoe imiins at Manl's Hardware Store. J . TR ASS Clocks Vj Ward' and Kettles at Haiduare Store. VCHNKKAL assortment of Saddlery Hardware at X. Wards Hardware Store. , f f l. T.I.i: an 1 Tock't CutUrv, Tea and i Table S;von?-, Uiting Sp.ons at Waid'" Hardware Store. . , , , . t V.V' L'n U' ts Ml Lr,ivi an l 1 arJ; Shovel and Sn ilt, aud C Lock--, Lat t es and Rolt3, penter Saw, niat'ri, ana count mm- 1 , 11 f mine at II 3D Ward' Hardware Siore. Indiana Wholesale pfinTt" ( v v?v nnixri I)ln.MV II I.Vlljil liULOJj. BO WEN, STEWART & Co,, No. I s West Wasliiimton-st, INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA, DEALERS IN LETTER & CAP PAPERS, Wrapping Paper, rVmmrrciiil N'oto. Iloiturt ll.;irJ-. Window Commercial Note, Itonnrt UoanN. Window ra;T,Wall r.tpT, IMatik l.ooks, .Mcrnorin .lutin. Load Pencils, Stud IVm, IVtt- ii .1 I '"""'"i SP Ü2J ARNOLD'S "& BUTLER'S INKS, &C- are not for Jorcc, nor yet for tli.ssohi- "" ! (ion, there only reniains some imagin- f inciiiiiati tunl li oo Hill l,u,1,.v f(,,-,-ow. 50,000 lbs. Rags Wanted. Kor CASH, or in exchange fur CJO'M). ju.'JI 'J.M MILITARY CLAIM AGENCY. ' BROWNE 3c CHENEY Altorifeys at Law, WINCHESTER, IND., ARK T K P. R Y It TO PROC't'R K PENSIONS, BOUNTIES A KD AKKKAKS K PAY, t'pon the uiot favoriililr ti-rni, nnl without l'hij. IVon lmvin-claims of thr almvc ' cli;ir.utir arc invitol to rail upon tluia. Ofiice iu the nc Jail HuilJin?. .V) F. ADAMS' 1 Wholesale und ItttHil jRTiNITlTiE K003IS, M EAST YASHINGTON STREET, 56 ! Adjoining Od J Felto!' Hall, 1 'NDIANAPOLIS. INDIANA, -in hi Uli r : ; ü Ilia I Ü0 Tin- "V 1 ; r ' i- i "ii a udV - m rrr üJ Mb; i 5 "--- eZ? - - ff im-:voti:d to tiii: WINCHESTER, .MATINS. For the dear love that ke;-t us through tLe night, And fe-ave our .en.-es to Sleq.'s gentle ewav; j For the ner mincle of dawning light Flushing the Eist with prophecies o f Dav We think Thee, oh our God! Er the fresh life that through our beinj: flows With it? full tide, to st.-engthcn and to LJc.e.s; For calm, sweet thoughts, upbringing from repose, To bear to Thee their fong of tlankful ness, We praise Thee, oh our God ! Dav utterelh speech to Dar, and Night to Night Tells of Thj power and glory ! so would we, Thy children, duly, with the mornincr light, And at still eve, upon the bn!cd knee, A-Jore Thee, oh our God! Thou know'st our needs Thy fullness will srpply ; Our blindness let Thy hand tili lead us on Till, visited by the I) ypring from on high, One prayer one only "Ltt Thy icill be i!one!u We breathe to Thee, oh God ! Wm. II. Rlri.eigii. THE PRESIDENT'S LETTER. i AN ARGUMENT ALIKF.sKl To THE OP PONENTS OF THE W.K POLICY OF THE ADMINISTRATION". I.ETTI H To THE I NION CONVENTION AT SpKINO FIELD, ILLINOIS. KXECLTIVE 3Lv.sION,) j Washington; Aug 10, lhli.L j" . James C. CohlUmj: My Deai: Sin: Your letter invit ! ing hip to attend a mass-meeting of unconditional Union men, to be held at the capital of Illinois on the od lay of September, has been receiv ed. It would be verv agreeable to me to thus meet mv old friends at mv own home, but I cannot just now , , J , be absent from this eitv so long as the visit there would require, j The meeting is to be of all those L'vho maintain unconditional devotion (" t!,i i"; 1 s" v id oolitical friends will thank nie for j tendering', as I do, the nation's grat ! itudeto those other noble men whom j no partisan malice or partisan hope can make false to the nation's life. ' There are those who are dissati ; ficd with me. To Mich I would sav. ' 4 I You desire peace and you blame me , that we do not have it. Put how can I we attain it? There arc but three cou jceivaMc ways. 1'irst, to puppies 1 the rebellion bv force of arms. This 1 am trviit'x to do. Are von lor it? If von are. so far we are agreed. If vo j-,,,. t n st.l 0no! v av is to give up the Union. 1 am against this. Are you lor it.' 11 you are, von should say so ulainlv. If you i I J.k iiit Lid iiit'iv mil oiOiHirttni.'A m iiw i n ' i i v tili) i ' u 1 1 ' i w 1 1 1 i i embracing the inaintenanee of the Union is now possil.le. All that I learn leads to a directly opposite be lief. The strength of the rebellion is in its militarv its army. That .army dominates all the country and all the people within its range. Any otter of terms made bv anv man or men within that range, in op position to that army, is simply noth ing for the present, because uch man or men have no power whatever to enforce their side of a compromise, if one were made with them. To illustrate: Suppose refugees from the South and peace men of the the North get together in eonveii ition, and frame and proclaim a com promise emhracing a restoration of 'the lnion, in what, way can that J compromise housed to Keep I.eeV army out of lVunsvlvaniaV Meade's army can keep Lee's ar my out of lYnnsvlvania; iul I think can ultimately drive it out of exist ence; hut no paper compromise to which the controllers of Lee's army are not agreed, can at nil affect that army. In an elfort at such com promise we should waste time which the enemy would improve to our dis advantage; and that would he :dl. A compromise, to he elleetlve. must he made either with those u ho control the rt hcl army, or with the people lirst lil crated from the dom- i ination of that armv lv the success- I es of our armv. Now. nllow me to assnreouu at m w oi u or mumaiion j .i... . ... i irom inai icoei arnu, or irom any oi; the men controlling it. ... relation t.. anypeaceconipromise.haseverconiel i to my know ledge or belief, to the All cnarges ami luuiuauons m me con-! jtrarv are deceptive and groundless: i ami i promise . on tnai n a.p, sucin ,i . Antil,talIlf Murf.eesboro, (iettvs jroosition shall hereafter come, it j .uul on ,nany f.elds of lesser snail not oe Kepi a seer v. imm you. I freely acknowledge myself the ser vant of the people according to the i bond of service the United States j Constitution and that as such I am j csponsimeto tiiem. - and the rapid river, but aKo up the The Hon. (Jreene C. Hron ; Hut, to be plain you are d.ssitis. narroWt miI)Mv 1;av,n, anil wherever f0n died at S uatoga on the ad. He , Hed with me about the negro. (Juitclt,10 frrn,,nii -ns n little damn, thev i i i ,;.i. .7.. I ,kH' t,,rro ,Ä a ' "i'ri-j have been ami made their tracks. T- f , took "hce on Mond"avi prutrr, where the treason j ion between you and rnvselt uI;on Thanks to a forlho ,rrat ,2qinb. Cdion Snnare hiU hf1 an1 "hm il fir?t ,i,ted i that subject. I certainly wtsh thatj n for tho principlc it lives by and 1 ftern00n: in d'I- riK- its srrPent U L' "'t"A nllmen could be free while I sup.i j.e)S aiivc-for man's vast future Presbyterian Church ot thi city, J elicit of Iposeyoudonot: yet I have neither thaiks to aJi. and was largely attended by Kie;which ini(, .adopted nor propo-,ed any rafwnro. Iv,r. Hnr, nnt arn,,r 0 dl,tint relatives and friendb cf t.'jo de- . , . fri,c,:.ri:iuv in which is not consistent with even! I NT Kit ES TS or INDIANA, FKIDAY, OCTOHEK tf, ISG. your view, roviletl you are for the Union. I snjrgesteil compensate! emanci pation, to which 3'on replied you wished not to be taxed to buy ne jrroes. IJut I had not asked von to be taxed to buy negroes, except in such way as to save von from jri eat er taxation to save the Union ex clusively by other means. You dislike the Kmancipntion Proclamation, and perhaps you would have it retracted. You say it is un constitutional. I think dillerentlv. I think that the Constitution invests, its Commander-inChief w ith the law i of war in time of war. The most that can be said, if so much, is that! slaves are property. Is there, has there ever been, any question that, by the law of war, property, both of enemies and friends, maybe taken! when needed ? And is it not needed whenever ta king it helps us or hurts the enemy? Armies the world over destroy ene mies' property when they cannot use it ; and even destroy their own to keep it from the enemv. Civilized belligerents do all in their power to help themselves or hurt the enemv. except a few things regarded as bar barous or cruel. Among the excep tions are the massacre of vanquished foes and non-combatants, male and female. ut the Proclamation, as law, ei- iiicr in oi i hol 1 1 i. it ii is not valid, it needs no retraction. If it is valid, it cannot be retracted, any i. .. : , : , 4. .... l i ii' !i : . 4 more than the dead can be brought j we should have a correct understand to life. Some of von profess to ling of the st-itna which that in-titii-think its retraction would operate jtion tyjll hold when the union i ac- favorablv for the Union. "Whv bet ter after the retraction than before the issue? There was more than a year and a half of trial to suppress the rebell- ion before the Proclamation was is- sued; the last one hundred days of which passed under an explicit no-' tice that it was coming unless avert ed by those in revolt returning to their allegiance. The war has cer tainly progressed as favorably for us since the issue of the Proclamation - i a; before. m 1 know, as fully as one can know L, 1 , 4. . .. the commanders ot our armies in the i field who have given us our most i important successes, believe the I of the Federal Union, until re-estab-emancipation policy and the us." of lished. The question then is not colored troops constitute the hievt est Hlow yet dealt to the rebellion; and that at least one of those impor tant successes could not have been ! achieved when it was, but for the aid of black soldiers Among the commander holding j .1 ! ...i... i , - iiu'm' views are some wno nave nev - i ,, -i l ii er Ikui auv alhuitv with what is call- ...i u.,..;,i.,.,:.... ' sii. i i.i: iu .i inaiwiii.iiii, m ii uu ni iiii'iii im party polities, hut who hold them of fi t emeu shall he made slave-;. purely :is military opinions. T Mib- The St.-.tes in question, in legnl eon niit these opinions as being entitled tempbion. are now free from slave to some weight again-J the objections ! rv h:ill they remain so, or sluill often urged, that emancipation and they by or action (for as we have arming blacks are unwise as military ' shown, the loyal States must settle measures, and were not adopted as , the question, ) be surrendered to sla su.ch in good faith. j very? Shall the proclamation which Vou say that von will not light toss (!k nation's pledge, through its free negroes. Some of them seem ! proper representati e. to four mill to be willing to light for you. Hut ions of men and women four mill no matter; light vou then exclusive-! ions f men and women who have ly to save the Union. I issue. 1 the, been loyal to the I'ldoii in the midst Proclamation on purpose to aid you of treason be carried out in good in saving the Union. faith or repudiated? Such are the Whenever you shall have conquer-. real, solemn questions which will he ed all resistance to the Union, if I presented to the American people, shall urge you to continue lighting, ! and which they must decide so soon it will be an apt time then for you to :u the rebellion is over. In all hu declare that you will not light to free man probability they will be called negroes. upon to decide in the next lucsidcn- 1 thought that in your struggle for , the Union, to whatever extent the negroes should cease helping the en emy, to that extent it weakened the enemy in his resistance to you. Do vou think differently? I thought; sous. Our hostility to slavery a that whatever negroes can be got to j hostility which after the events of ilft n liliir4 1i!ives ltist so mtieli'tlie last ttiirlv umiitli. nrri1 iwi ev. less for white soldiers to do in sav- planation, is one reason. ()ur regard I nimeoi mat nociiy wiikii ii ne-Hy indorfcs ttie emancipation ing the Union. Does it aj'pear oth-, for the faith of the Nation, which ; g ns by despoticully denyi ng to so .proclamation and the raising of erwise to you? Hut negroes, like'stauds pledged to the frecdmen of. many of its population? In the colored troops, and earnestly ex other people, act upon niotiv's. Why j the rebel States by the most solemn I murkiest midnight of the French presses the opinion that, with tho siiouni tney tio anyining ior us it we , oi ( (mpai is, ami nmier w iucn ai power, wnem tue armies ol Aapo- litter, great results can I e, attained, will do nothing for them? If they Port Hudson, at Fort Wagner, at . Icon had overrun all (iermany, and l-'op a distinct ol ten or fifteen stake their lives for us, they must bej Milükcn's bend, and elsewhere, the' lis :roI1 jt(,0j was j)rf.,c0d to h-r miles on both sides of the Misi prompted by the strongest motive, men f color bave liun.shed the con-, ,,;(.( ..y v,umn bo.om, Jppi, nearly all slaves have been even the promise ol their freedom, s.dcration ... their blood poured out , ,. . , , - ... .f :nfpr;nP lV th rnbol Ami the oromise Oeing mam m 1 . .... . iiiusi , be kept. The sign look better. The Fath er of Waters again goes unvexed to the s-a. Thanks to the great North-; west for it. Nor yet wholly to them, j shnvrv I recognized as an existing Three hundred miles up they met .institution in the returning States. New l-'nglaud, Ktnpirc, Keystone, I At nine, in that case, will arisen and Jersey, hewing their way right 1 thousand embarrassing 'questions, and left. The sunny South, too, in J which will render the establishment more colors than one, also lent a of order an impossibility. Hundreds hand. On the spot their part of the! of thousands of negroes, who will in history was jotted down in black and; white The j?b was n great national ; ftni! 1(,t ,!(. hauwt who Utn, MU iIOMrable part in it. While, t,OM. w,lo ,,.m. (Vared the great 1 iv- i . lnMV ...... ,K, .,M1(, rVlMl th.u , ! not all. , t is h.,n, to S:IV th:lt :uivthii- has 1(t.rU Ino,.(. hv:XVi.y :uu w K.n ,ionethan note Nor must Uncle Sam's web-feet b forgotten. At all the watery mar-. t!- 1i-i e been lireselit. Not ! ny on ,10 iUv scn th,. i,r(,n(1 ,aVf j ; U.v . j j - - - - - iiiiiiir-r-iiiift. ii ii k & iL 1 1 1 k a a it did. I hope it ill come 'oon. - - il.'t ) Ut'll IlilKl IX iin.fMinMi'1 II A N I) U EPH C O V N T Y and come to stay, and so come a to' I'p worth the keeping in all futun time. uin, nau- neeii juoveU ti.at ZZ n Ä r"0' hübet, and that they who take such r-ppcal are sure tülo-e their case, and pay the cost. And then there will l,e some Mack men who can remember that, with ile:it tongue, and clenched teeth. and stealy eye, and well-poised bay onet, they have helped mankind on to this great consummation ; while 1 fear there will be some white ones unable to forget that, with malignant heart and deceitful speech,thev have strove to hinder it. Still, let us not be over sanguine of a speedy final triumph. Let us he quite sober. Uet us diligently anulv the means.nevor donhtino- th.-ft a just (lod, in his own time, will uivcl us the rightful result. Yours, very truly. A. Lincoln. tiii: tjrnsTioN of i:i:co.sti;fc tiov. The following extract is from an able article in the Missouri J)iiocj-'l of August 0. "In the settlement of this question, the first and chief consideration the one most dillicult for amicable . i .. : :. ...t.. vn 1 otuuon 1, v nai eoure snail ue j pursued with regard to slavery. And at this point it is all important that tivelv reinstated. " The Radical wish to make the destruction of sla very in the rebel States a condition ol their return to the Union," say the (nservüt i vrs. Thi i not so. (for the best of all reasons, viz: that . slavery "does not now exist in the rebel States. On the 1st of .fauna- rv, lsGo. slavery in everyone of the States, and parts of States, then in rebellion against the Federal Gov ernment, died. The proclamation of President Lincoln, the commander in chief of the armv an I navv of the United Stades, was its death warrant J . ,, .. . power, l.enallv it can have no ex- istonee iu these States, as members whether in the revolting States, up on their resumption of power as members of the I'nion, with the eon- sent of the loyal members, slavery .hall be destroved It is v la ther it shall be established the same asup- on soil which had been pre iously ;iice. i lie ouestioit is not u net ter i ;,1CI- ... ., i, ,,, e ii- i i M i l ib'stuo ot an Jiiwr.an enterprise, 'Jour millions ol slaves shall be made! v . .t i , . "i i . r i I i. ' :n:..... i tint retribution does not fob 4' ... .? liiii.-iiii. 1 1 . 1 1 i 1 1 1 i i ii i 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' 1 1 tial election. Upon the issue we have presented we desire to be understood as hold ing no equivocal position. We are for freedom. Woare for many rea- reason. Another reason, and one of no light weight in our estimation, is' our desire to see peace restored with the Union. This will never be, ifi :is me i i tee ot tioeiiv, is anoiner . .1 . t!i ..... : .1 .. i that ease be recognized ns slaves, al having legal masters, w ill be lun 11 I iv,ng ad acting as free men and: women. Some of them will wear, the uniform of Federal soldier-. Mid ,l(,.r tlu. M.MI.H of ll!lttlt. t,M.v li:itl fought for the Union which would them to bondage. An in-, consign dicrimiiiate slave hunt v.oiihl follow,, leading to seem s of violence and confusion, surpassing anything Pan demonium ever saw. Peace in the Union, we are persuaded, is attaina b!e only upon a basis of lmcomlition rd friTdom.' II 111 llff'Xl ÄHJN Mil V It H.H TIIF A It H Y AM Tin: xatiox. : We take the following ,asairc i from an article in Jr..y X-jiy . Jl)Hrhill. : vM tU, ...t r,.,.:;,,.- nf peoplo to the army and the errors of opinion formerly prevalent ( oncern - ing the military service, the writer says: "Let us hope tl.at in the future history" of our countrv. ju-ter views in these regards will prevail that a military spirit will be cultivated, that the army will be cherished. "In all grades," says .Marshal Marmont, "the profession of arms is noble, be cause for all alike it is composed of sacrifices, and is rewarded, before all. bv imblie estimation and dorv To speak disdainfuliy of those who only way to prevent her own do compose the rank and file of armies ! strur fieri. is a kind of b!aohcm even to i From thence it follow that speak of them with indillVrence is to misconceive the verv condition r''f nifiivn " A l I tiuiVA is this true in our country. Under our s stem the civil authontv con- troistlie military. The war-i ver' is not the prerogative of the military . but o; the civil government. The prating, therefore, which i some times heard in regard to the dangers of Cacsarism or military despotism can arise only from a k:::.ish spirit, or a fundamental misconception of the genius of our institutions. AVitli us the armv is imi !v the arm ''the nation: not an arm rtr the nation. If it be truly its ann. therefore, its arm lor protection aud for vengeance, it is a living, incorporate pari of the body politic, sharing its sympathies, motives, desires. n the great vol unteer army which has been In the field during the past two years, a utiiiiot) of citiens have, for longer or shorter period :.-riods. home arms in the rvicc. Wo be lieve their i.... 41...... 1...4. tuoiie sc army life has made them better men or men iu.l better citizens. That it has ,L "l raised their sentiment of patriotism, , natural consequent U( uu no man who has seen our armies in 1 and ought therefore to follow its the held will deny. The feeling of spirit. The right the conqueror the army regarding the late attempts has over a conquered people is di to discourage the conscription strik- . ycclcd by Tour sorts ot laws; the hv ingly illustrates this. We doubt if j of nature, which makes everything these attempts would ever have been ! tend to the preservation of the epe made if their originators had fore-! cjrs; (,0 0f naural reason, sevi what eontemja and indignation j which teaches us to do to others they v.ere destined to stir up in the .vpat xvc woulj j,ave done to our-army-what white fury .at on the ! , , ,aw ,hal (ormg polilical hps ot men eager to leave the rebels i . (luration is not m their trout and come to settle ae- ; ,.., . , n iUa l,.,f0,-;,- counts with t!m,e whom they re- gnrded as worse reHels in the rear." (joui) TiniN;. Mr.su: success, it must be admit- 0,l i not i le'riti m ifp tut nf ho . tT i iov crime, in tuioconoiny oi t.iou, I . . .. f , as elicct lolbnvs cause: but to our j limited vision, the ways of Provi dence am often darkly my.-deriou?, ami long periods of time may often elapse Lclo-p it shall scent good to ! rncnt; or hp :ivrs thrm new H.'1 the Kulcr of the world openly to ! ,cal a(1 r'1 government; or he ds reward lidelity to truth. To meet j slroys and disperse the society; or, this moral exigency, Faith has been j in finp' ,1C terminates the peo- given to us as a controlling eb-mont Plp- Thcre ,s no suc1,1 lh,nv as a of our nature, and with it to temper I rkht of reducing people to slavery, the austerity of its trials, uope ! but when it becomes necessary lor has been given also. Faith in the final triumph of hw and liberty and order in there dark days of the !,s ll,c conquest; tho servitude may Kepublic has not been wanting. I happen sometimes to 1,2 a riecesary U?.w could the confederacy sneered mMns of preservation, hven In in its career of sheer and unmiti-' hat case it h contrary to the na gntetl iir-urnalion and crime? These jturn ot th,r,-s hut the slavery arc litres not of brute violence on-1 h perpetual. MntcsVuicu s ly, but of enlightenment and civil- j s'tnt "J J'"rs' i.ation; and how could a system, ! the corner-stone of which is an ab-j We learn that the President solute and concrete defnneo of di-'has reeeivr! a letter from General vine and natural right, he permitted Grant, in which he not only plerig to found triumph intly a republic i es himself to aid Adjutant-tJenrral which would he a misnomer, in the ' "1' I:, '- Y hv' " H1 'h0"'!' 1 h, , JrC!,,b Emperor, he said, ' un- iüt aiui he mud fail and f ill at . .. n . i. i 'hist. ' bo may we siy now: the Confederacy u unjust; it must fail . and fill rit last. And certainly, if we may m-dit plain enough por- ; . tents, the day of its destruction is at hand. 1 he territory stolen by tiea.--oii and violence and falsehood and terrorism is condng back again, not little by little, but by magnificent and exhaustive imtill ments. Th.e superb operations cf (!en. Illnttt in the Soutltucst, in which bv forccil marches a id judi- nous lighting he Ins driven the in- , surgents from on hundred thousand miles of territory, mud have future results ofextraordimry import iure. I.i Arkaiisi, ti II the stat h is been res. ucd fi out the rebel--. .Mean while, the intelligence from Charleston, though at thi moment not absolutely deceive, i etie:ne'v encouraging. There everv rea. foa to believe tint oi;r operations DFFFNSIVE AM) OTFLNSIVK WAR. Thr life of govrrnir.enlsis like that j of man. The Litter has a right to Kill in cife of nitunl defense; the j tormer hive a right to 'va-: wnr fr their own preei vation. In the j case of natural defence I hive i I riht to kill, let au e tr.y life i. in. : respect to inr, ul;at the life of my I antaonit is to him. In the samo ! nrnn?r,a state v.-nzes war because it. prrsrrvntion i. hke that cf any other lein. With individuals the riht of natural defence does not irs- Plv :i nercssitv ot attacking. Irl Uid ol attack!,- they ncc! only have recourse to proper tribunal?, 1 They cannot therefore exercise this nitt ol ceier.se iut in sudden case?, w hen immediate death would he the ron:- quern e o waiting foe the assistance ol the law. Hut with states the ii;;!d of iMtural defense carries along with it sometirrcs th nece.-sityof attacking; as for in stance, when one nation sees, tint a continuance of peace wilr enable another to destroy her, and that to attack that nation instantly is the 1 maller nations have oltcner a rii;ht Ktitions of to dechre war than great ones, he c.q.eciady cu?e they are oftener in the cae , oihen afrai d of de,trucliou. ; . . being afraid of destruction. rr- i i , . I c r 1 ue n;ru mereion-oi vx.ii5uc- ' " ved from uassitt :7nt strict jus, ... i . 1 tier. It those who direct u;e con. science of councils and of princes do not abide by this maxim, the conse quence is dreadful: when they pro ceed on arbitrary principles of g!o rv, convenience, and utility, tor rents of blood must over spread the earth. Hut above all, let them not plead such an idle pretext as the glory of the prince. His glory is nothing but piide; it is passion, and not a legitimate rinht. Itistructhe fame of his power miht increase the strength of the government; but.it might be equally increased by thu reputation of his justice. i r, t r ., ' From the njjht of war ar comes that r . .... j. o.t; tli , m c urM' Tl V. : . . r ;l,i 'neu , asiu iu ma, I Irom Uie nature 01 tue tiling ltsell. Uonquefttsan acqmsmon, and carries with it the epint of j rrcrvatlon and use, not of de struction ! n.i The inhabitants of a conquered j country are treated by the conquer ! or in one of the four following ways. Either he continues to rule them j according to their own laws, and assumes to himself only the exer cise of political and civil govern- j tue prpscrvaiiüu m in tumjuu-si. Preservation, and not servitude, Thomas in his labors, but also hcart- V"' '"ni i.as sem peditions for the purpose f)f liberating such slaves as can bo found, and to spread the glad tidings , . . - . among those still in bondage. 1T , Coloreil regiments are now be- in organized in UaUimom, Phila- i t it i . i i iinpuia, asningion, unoue is 1 utd, Ohio, Iowa, Michigan' Wis consin, and throughout every Mili ary Depnrtmen at the south. Cien. Thomas sends favorable report concerning the raiing of colored regiments in Mississippi. Th? col ored Hureau is receiving numerous applications from officer n tho States to raise colored regiment. The rule has been established in the War Depattment to recognize no otlker who has not been examin ed and pissed by the Examining Hoard now in scsiion in Washing ton. Mini-ter Clay writes from St. IV tersburh to a gentleman in this city: "Tlie.V have granted me a te!egrath line cliaitcT, the line to rut f.-oni the mouth of the Amoor Iliver to Amer ica. It will unite all the continent rir.d be the crcat " ork of the ge. It lllutr? nymi 'ion to thi rrnjr.trv. our favor. ..''frrfrnf.