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(FROM OCR FXTRA OF YESTERDAY.
IMPORTANT FROM PCM OPfSTTJO A DrJl VI hrll tNhlJ I I O A f I Is I I 1 i BATTLES OF Coutreras & Churubusco SCOTT VICTORIOUS!!! Total Defeat of the Mexicans! 1,100 AMERICANS KILLED AXD WOi;XUED,--1,100 MEXICANS , KiLEEb, s.ooo piiisoxeks, & THE MJJTCBEIt WOIXDEO SOT Gen. Scott Encamped within two and a half miles of the City of Mexico' Ar-! mistico between the two Armies Ne gotiations with Mr Trist for Peace Commenced, fX5 We are undergreat obligations to Lieut. Griffith of the Army, who arrived in our city this morning from the Braso3, for files of New Orleans papers and also . an extra from the Memphis Eagle, giving the particulars of the recent bloody victories achieved by the Amer ican arms under Gev. Scott, near the city of Mexico, These accounts which were for warded to the New Orleans Ficayune by Mr. Kendall, one of the editors, who participated in the sanguiwrj events give full details cf the different engagements, and embrace also ! ,.,",,.. ,. , j Gen. Twiggs had met a large, force of the enc- ti Articles of Armistice entered into between my drawn up in front of him near Chalco, as if the two Armies, &c. Rumors of these battles the intention of disputing his advance, j cutting him oil from the rutin body of the ar had been in our city for a day or two, but this my, and perhaps bringing on a general action. is the first reliable intelligence which we have ! Gen. Twiggs promptly ordered some of his . - i neavierguns to be unlnnbered, and aficr a few been able to get hold of, and knowing the ab- discharges the enemy was "dispersed, with the torbing interest of the public mind to be in' Ioss,( liv? or six killed, but the demonstration . . made by the Mexicans, as I have before sail, possession of nil the particulars, we give the 1 caused a halt of Gen. Worth's division before news entire, alf a ('ay 8 marc" wa8 made. ' At 6 o'clock on the morning of the 17th Gen. ... Worth resumed his march, his route runninz from tht JStw Orleans Picayune. Sept. 8th. The U. S. steamship Marj Kingsland. Cap-'. lain John Davis, arrived at an early hour this- morning. By her we have received our letters from Mr. Kendall from the 22d to the 28th of August, all dated from Tacubnya. A courier tiespatched by him on the 20th with the first account of the battle fought on that day was ' cutoff, " j From a map and plan of the battle-fields be- r .. .i. ... . . . lore us, we note mat tney are called the battles 1Ju luiapwu'ij stoien a marcn upon can- f Coutreras and Churubusco so called from j 14 Anna. tteld works of the enemy of those names. The j Other than the ditches and rocks which had victories wck decisive, but so far as we can een rolled down from the precipitous hill judge from hasty perusal of a portion of our se n0 opposition was made to the advance letters, the proposition for an armistice vat ' f Gen. Worth until he had reached a point in made by Gen. Scott probably at the sugges-! tne road nt far from Santa Cruz but now a tion of the British embassy. The reporTwe ' scattering fire was opened upon the head of his have hitherto given that the city of Mexico , column by a force stationed at advantageous was at out mercy appears to have been unfoun- positions above the load to he left. The ene Jed. j my was quicklv dispersed, however, by Col. C. Should ncaee not follow from the npjmtia-' F. Smith's lhiht battalionand the 2d Artillery, tions now pending, another battle must ensue, ! the enemy having a force of from fifteen to twenty thousand men yet left. But the road appears to becompletely open to us, and the city is ouly two and a half miles from our encamp-! ment. . I Our victories have been purchased at a vast ! loss of valuable life, as will be seen by the fol-: lowing list we will give a luller one to-mor- row. . We see names of men at the loss of Whom we ween: but all have their mends and we make no distinctions, OFFICE its KILLED Ii Major AlilU, 15th Intantr-; Capt. Durke, 1st Arlil- lerv: Cnot. Ilanron. 7ih Iiii'mitrv; Cunt. 'I'hnrntun. : and Dragoons: Capt. Capron, 1st Artillorv; Capt. Quane, lith lntnnirr, Capt. Anderson. 2.1 1 1.ifantrv; Lieut. Irons, 1st Artihcry.bat nttnehfd to Con. Cad-, wsla.ler'a staff; Liout-frcMon Johnson-, 1st Anillery. ' but attachd to Magruder'a battnry; Lieut. Eaidy, 2,1 , Infantry; Lieut. GooJman, litUIinantry; Litutlloir-, man, 1st Artillery. Vou-STirns. Liotit. C'anndlor, N. Yor'.c Roji-' mPrKvf--limkr'r "?d L'- Dav-id A;!.aa" i andw.R. il.iamt, of tho bouth Carouaa Ucm- w)enj - i i puuii'irr iiistuuiiy bjiifu api. lnornion oi ' OFFICERS WOUNDED Rr.orLARs. th? ?J J)raSns' besides severely wounding a . Col. Clark. 6th Infantry, slightly; Col. Mor?sn, ' Suule. Jonathan titzwalters. Col. Garlands 15th Infantry, rcveicly; Alnj. Wade, 3d A rriliery, I brigade was now ordered to occupy the hacien acverely; Maj. t'onr.evilio. oth lnfuntry, tlilnlv; da of Cerrcra, within a plain sight and range Capt. Wwse.ls.Sd Inlantry, severely; Capt. Hnl. j of lire enemy's batteries at Ssn Antonio, while Kearney, l.t Draeoons. leli arm tliot eft; Cant. Mr- ri. ri i., k: j i u... i Infantry, fevercly;Capt. Kos., ",th Iuiaatrv, severe-, i, "' V4.W1I, OU ly; vapi. j. u. smith, Sd infantry ly, Capt. J. K.Smith, 2d Infantry, severely; Capt. Chapnun, 5th Infantry, sli-'htly: Capt. Johnson. 'Jth Infantry, slightly; Cnpt. HoMen, 12ih Intiintry, slisiit- it K,npi. iiaiuaway, lat Arall-Ty, slight!)-; (.apt. Hoffman, 6th Infantry, slyluly; Lieut. Schuyler Hamilton, ll 'nfantry, hut httached totlrn. sVoit's stuff, severely; Lieut, llnllownv, Htli Infantry, but mincnra 10 nmiin' L.iint liattoiiion, severely; Lieut. r?ttrT' A1: "" w I) -.I r . . . . .! vverely; IJ.mt. Arnold, 2d Art.H. rv. ver. lv: LiVut. Herman Thorn, 3-1 Draootv, attached to Col. (Jar-i land 8 staff, slmlitlv: Lieut. IfcmiruTkson. C:hlnf'nnl tv, severely; Lieut. Humbcr, 7th Infantry, tvtirply; Lieut. Djynton, lt Artillery, but attached to Tay jor's lJattery, slightly; Lieut. Ixnitnrr Graham, act ir with lt Drngixms, severely, Lieut. Van Horen, oi the Rifles, tjihtly; Lieut, yinrtin, 1st Artillery, right arm shot otf. Lirut. Goodloe, 13th Infantry, jMortallv; Lieut. Farrelly, 5tU Infantry, but attached to Smith's Light Hattiliion, severely; Lieut. Lugcn rll Adjutant, 5th Infantrr; sightly; I.ieut. I lee, 3d Infantry, slightly; Lieut. 1oveTl, 21 Infantry, slight, ly; Lieut. Chnndlcr. ltd Lit'antry, sightly; Lieut. Col int, 4th Artillery, slightly- Lie'ut. Tilden, 2d Infant ry, wvrrely; Lieut. Newman, Sdi Infantry, severely 'Lieut. Gardner, 2d Infantry, severely; Lieut. Hay 4n, 2d Infnntry. slightly; Lieu'. !prn"iie. Adjutant vin iniamry, nii'iniy; Liu m. tainier, tnu inl intry revereiv: i.irui. uticiiner, oiu inianiry, siltitlviU Cram, 9lh Infantry, lishtly; Lieut. Simiikitip. 12th ut Inhntry. slightly; Lieut. I'atertitll, 15th lnfuntry, :i,;htly; Lieut. Uennelt, 1j:Ii n.tantty. VotrsTrrtts. New York Kesiment. Col. Pitrnct, evcrrly; Capt Fnirchild, slightly; Cipt. Lyekmnn rjvercly; Lieut. Kweency, severely; Ijcut. jennies, slightly; Lieut. Cooper, ecverciv; Lieut. MeCabe, rliRhtly; Lieut. I'orter.toveroly; Lieut. Griffin, slight ly; Lieut. .Malhowsky, s'i-ht!y. R,cnt Cat.oi.isa Kr.uiMr.ST. Liut. Col Pie.ken son, seveTely.Capt Janie K. r.lnndiii'r.fliuh'lv: Ad jutant Camcy,cvercly; Lieut uintprlignily;Cajt. K. f Moffat, t-Iihtly; Lieut. K. Biliic", sevrrely; Lieut. J. U.Clark, dantreroutlv; Lieut. J. W. Strrn, rlil.liy;iicut. J. K. I'avis.s lightly; Capt. W. D. De f'-aupfuro, slightly; Lieut. Jos. Abney, w:vcrtiy. Our tnur?. loss in killed and wounded is j short of eleven hundred; that of the enemy is! not well known. His loss in killed alone is' believed to be fully equal to our entire loss, ancl lt ls estiinaied that at least 3,000 prisoners we taken. The number of his wounded was not ascertained, but it is supposed to be very large. Gen. Scott himself received a wound in j the leg below the knee, but from the manner, in which Mr. Kendall speaks of it, we are led! to hope the injury a slight one. , Editorial Correspondence of tic Picayune Tacubayo, (near Mexico,) Aug. 22, 18-17. The celebrated Archbi -hop's Palace of Tacu bayo is now occupied by Gen. Scott; and a por tion of the army, after twice defeating the en emy in two of the hardest fought battles of the war. are quartered around him. I have al- rfa,,y sent you off a hurried sketch of the glo- rious events of the 20th, and even the present letter must be Dut a hurried synopsis ot the battles, which have shed such additional glory upon the American arms. On the 14th inst., a reconnoissance made by Cnl Dnnran havintr rirrivivl tliat n rnn fnr ar. tulery and wagons could be cut from Chako to San Augustine, Gen. Worth's division mov ed on the afternoon of the 15th in that direc tion. Gen. Tillow followed the next morn ing; at the same hour General Quitman broke up his encampment at Bueiia Vista, a small hacienda between Vienta de Cardova and Ay otla, and immediately Gen. Twiggs was in mo tion from that place. By this mode a new line of operations was taken up on the southern and nortwestern side of the city of Mexico, and the stronger works of the Penonand Mexieal sinho, upon which Santa Anna had bestowed such immense care and labor, were complete ly turned. On the 16ih August, Gen. "Worth marched as far as the hacienda of San Gregorio, beyond J which it was found that the enemy had cut up I and ditched the miserable trail along which the artillery and wagons were obliged to pass. He would have gone to Santa Cruz, another hacien- da a league iurther on, had not an order rame "P from Gcn- ScU a halt. It seemed that through corn-fields and narrow and rocky lanes,' a'one which carriages hid never passed before, T he filling up of the ditches caused some little delay, but by 8 o'clock the advance was in sight cf Santa Cruz, and the spires and domes of the noted capital ol Mexico could be discerned in j the distance. The obstructions in the road, of j which I have spoken, were obviously of recent , construction evidence that the enemy had: iust 6ot w nd of our approach, and that Gen. C . k-J 1. l rl 1 - c under Maj. Gait. As the division neared the hacienda of La Novia the advance was again fir.ed upon, but again the enemy's pickets were driven in, without loss. A turn of the road beyond La Novia brought the pleasant village of San Augustin in sight, and after two or three Kg1 skirmishes, in which the Mexicans had tw0 or ttirec lancers killed and wounded, cur uop quiet possession oi oan Atigustin. , 0ur onlv i0ss during the day was one man, a! o"---r oi omuu s ngni paiiauion, w no was wounded from a coin-field near Xochimilco. At 7 o'clock on the morning of the 18th, Cen. Scott arrived at San Auzustin, and at 10 ! o'clock Gen. Worth was in lull march for the city cf Mexico by the main road. Mais. Smith! and Turnbull, Capt. Mason and other engineer: , r,, ,..,', ; i , , i . ",ce"' M,ei? scnt,m a(lvacce, supported by Capt. lilake s sqnadroons, to reconnoitre, as it j was known the enemy was in force at or nrari San Antonio. The party, within a thousand yards, was lircd upon from a battery, which: was masked by trees, and the first ball from at ,n i ... i i -n.j -. rT.... r Unran took a station in the rear close by T, ...... .. : .1 1 i he engineer ollicers were at once sent out to reconnoitre by Gen. Worth, to ascertain the practibility of turning the strong works of the enemy, and in the meantime GenScotthad des patched Capt. Lee with a supporting party, composed of Capt Kearney's squadron and a to ascertain the practicability of finding ""J body oi the lltli inlantry under Col. Graham. roafl h? w.hu h .the vlllaSG o. San AnSpJ c."ltl ue reached, and thus turn the strong bold at San Antonio. This latter partv had a t-harp encounter wiih the advance of the enemy, the main body being found postedata strong point not far from the factory cf Coutreras.. In the skirmish some six or eight Mexicans were kill ed and as many more taken prisonerson our side not a man was touched, lhe result of the reconnoissence proved favorable. It was as certained that a road could be made whicl would enable the army to reach San Angel, and thus turn the strong batteries at San Antonio, end perhaps others the enemy might have upon the road between that and the city of Mexico. The Mexicans were plainly seen in force at a commanding position near Coutreras, and it was evident that they had a number of cannon in position; but at a council held at night, it was determined upon to attack them the follow in day. - In the mean time, while tins reconuoip.nce was in progress, Gen. Worth ha.l established his headquarters at the hacienda ofCurcra. while from th. windows countless number of the enemy could bo seen at work upon the bat teries of Sun Antonio. About noon they op ened upon the hacienda with both round shot and shell, nearly every one of which took ef fect, but without doine other injury than o the building. Late in the evening the batteries nr.sin onenrrt, but with no other result than showing the position of the different guns. ! rur a marvel ine uauenes were sueni (luring the night. Had the fire been kept tip, the ha cienda might have been torn in pieces and the entire command compelled to retire. Before going further, it may be well to state that the city of Mexico lies about nine miles nearly north of Sun Augustin, that San Antonio is about three miles in the same direction, w hile the point occupied by Gen. Valencia, near Coutreras, for he had command at that place, is at least three miles in a straight line and in a direction nearly west. It was ten miles the way many of our troops had to march, for you cannot imagine a more rough, uneven and jag ged surface. At 8 o'clock on the morning of the 19 th the batteries ag3 in opened on Gen. Worth's posi tion at the hacienda near San Antonio, the balls crushing through the walls and till ins the room with fragments of plaster and broken furniture. Shells also burst in the air over the building and the pieces dropped among the men station ed in the rear. So hot was the fire that the troops were obliged to gain s helter behind the building, but still did not give up the position. About y o'clock the divisions of Gens. Pillow and Twiggs were ordered to advance in the di rection ot Coutreras, and by 1 in the afternoon were in plain sight of the enemy's batteries, and within range of his heavier guns. The brigade of Gen. P. F. Smith was ordered to ad vance directly towards the enemy's works, while that of Col. Riley, moved towards a small village to the right, w ith orders to gain the main road and thus be enabled to cut off any reinforcements which might be sent to Va lencia from the city. An incessant li tins; of cannon was opened upon the advance of Gen. Smith, and soon the rifles were engaged in skirmishing with the pickets of the enemy ami driving them in. The 12-pounder battery of Capt. Magruder was pressed forward with all speed, as was also the rocket and mountain howitzer battery, now eoinmanded by Lieut, Callender, cf the Ordinance Department. As soon as they could gain a position they opened upon the enemy, but were to much expor-ed to a lire from heavier guns that' they were soon silenced. Lt. Johnson, of lhe first Artillery, but attached to Magruder's battery, was mor tally wounded, while Lt. Callender was sever ely wounded in both legs. At 3 o'clock the brigade of Gen. Cadvvalader was ordered out to support Col. Riley, heavy reinforcements beinj seen on their way from the city, while General Pierce's brigade was sent to sustain Gen. P. F. Smith. The firing from the batteries continued in cessant, w hile from a hill just out side the range of their guns, the spectacle was most grand and imposing. At about 4 o'clock Gen. S. arrived, tnd seeing the immense strength of the Mexicans, at once ordered Gen. Shield's brigade from San Augustin a part of General Quitman's command to the right to support Riley and Cadwalader,and prevent, if possible, a junction of the forces coming out from the city with those of Valencia, liut few of the movements of our own troops could be seen from the hill where we were posted, owing to the dense chapparal, sharp rocks and ravines, but not a motion of the enemy but was plainly visible. The order of battle of Valencia . was certainly most imposing infantry were seen drawn up to support batteries, while long lines of tho enemy's cavalry were stationed in the roar, as if awaiting the shock of battle. , The two seperate charges of the latter weredistinct ly seen repulsed by Col. Riley, who had mov ed his brigade at one time toa position partial ly in the rearof the enemy's work. Col. Har ney was exceedingly anxious to march his cav alry to the scene of action, but it was deemed utterly impracticable. The nature of the ground was such that the infantry even had great dif ficulty in finding the way across the. pcdrcgal, as the Mexicans term it ground covered with sharp, tagged rocks. Until night had fairly closed in the fire from the enemy's batteries did not slacken it had been a continuous roax for nearly six hours. Scott retired to San Atgustin about 8 o'clock. and in the midst of hard rain which had just commenced falling. Gens. Twiggs and Pil low came in about 11 o'clock, wet and com pletely exhausted, lt was impossible to u.'e houses on the rough and exceedingly broken ground on which they had been operating for nearly twelve hours. Not anticipating the immense strength of the works of 'he enemy, or i lie almost insurmountable difficulties of reaching them it had been at firs thought that the troops would be all comfortably quartered in San Angel for the night ; instead cf this, a large portion of tlim were compelled to bi vouac without blankets in the midst of a piti less rain, and on ground whers they could not stretch themselves out. Add to this, the pros pects of the morrow were far from flattering were enough to dismay any but 'the stoutest hearts that the enemy would doubtless rein force andstrengthen his works during the night having every superiority in knowledge of the ground add aain this that the men were weakoned bv Kma exertions, want of food, and chilled by the continuous night rain, and it is not saying too mucj to assert that the bivouac of the lyth of August was gloomy in the ex treme. Early on the morning of the 20th, Gen. Worth was ordered to move with a part of his division Garland's brigade toward: the scene of action at Coutreras, to aid in '.he attack' up on Valencia, for to force this position was deemed inahpensable: A few discharges of cannon were heard abcut 7 o'clock, and a heavy rattling of musketry, and some even taid that irl the distance they had seen large masses of Mexicans in full flight towards the city; yet few dreamed that the batteriesat Coutreras had been stormed and carried. Yet so it was. Gen. Scott himself.accompanied by Gen. Worth started for the scene of action, when they were met by Capt. Mason with tie joyful intelli gence that Valencia had been completely rout ed alter a short but terrible struggle The attack upon his works was planned bv Gen. Smith, and resulted in the capture of 15 pieccsof artillery, some 1,500 prisoners-among them Gens. Blanco, Gracia, Mendoza, and the notorious Salas; all the ammunition and camp eqairage, while the read along which those who escaped lVd was strewed with muskets. No less than 700 of the enemy, among them many officers, were left dead on the field the number of woundedwasundcubtedlvfarereater. I have no time now to enlarge or comment upon this well-planned and brilliant achieve ment, but reserving a more full description for some other time, must pass on to the other ex citing events. The works at Coutreras com pletely in the power of thi American army. Gen. Scott atonre ordered Gen. Worth to fall back upon San Antonio to turn and capture that work and then to push on towards the cap ital by the main road, while the main body of the army underGenerals Twiggs, Pillow, Smith i Pierce and Cadwalader, moved on towards San I Angel and Cohoycan. Scarcely had the ad-1 vance of Gen. Twiggs got a half ajmile beyond, the latter village, be lore a rattline fire of mus ketry announced that it was actively engaged w ith the out-posts of the enemy, and thr. neavy booming of cannon now gave "token .hat the noted 2d division had fallen uponanother strong work. Cut a few minutes more and a tremen dous firing from the right, and immediately in the main road from San Augustine to the capi tal, made it evident that Gen. Worth's divis ion was actively engaged. II had completely turned the strong works of San Antonio, but while doing so the enemy had abandoned the place with the loss of their heavy guns, and had fallen back upon his second and stronger linj of works. It was now at the commence ment of the battle, about 1 o'clock in the after noon, and sure such a rattling of firearms has seldom or never been heard on the continent of America, accompanied with such booming of artillery; and this was continued over two hours and until the enemy was fully routed from every point, and until those who were not killed or taken' prisoners were in full flight for the city. Let me endeavor in words lo give the reader an idea of the position and works of the enemy. As you come along the road lead ing from San Augustine to the capital, and im mediately this side of the Pucnte del Rosana, the Mexicans had thrown up a strong and ex ceedingly well-built battery, commanding the road completely. On the right as you faced the city, stretching for a long distance was a con tinuous ditch, behind the bank of which an im mense number of Mexican infantry were posted. On the left of the tele de pont, or work at the bridge, and about three hundred yards distant, was the church of Churubusco. or San Pablo, strongly fortified with works for infantry, and also having a well constructed battery contain ing a number of guns of heavy calibre. This work was a little advanced from the tete de pont and nearly in a line between it and the village of Cohoycan. Further, on the other side of the work at the bridge, and about three hun dred yards from the road, was a large building, well adapted for the protection cf infantry, and in which the enemy had also posted an immense body. The ground in the vicinity of all these points was completely covered with corn, and other fields, cut up in every direction by wide and deep ditches, presented obstacles innumer able to the advance of our troops. iS'o recon noissance of the position of the enemy had been made, and consequently its strength could on; ly ! ascertained by hard blows and knocks. The divisions of Gens. Twiggs and Worth were at once engaged, the former with the church and stronghold of Churubusco, and the latter with the batteries at the bridge; and in the meantime Gen. Shield's brigades the New York and South Carolina volunteers together with the Hth, 12th and 15th regiments of in fantry under Gen. Pierce, were hurrying on ward from Cohoysan to attack the hacienda. Soon they two were engaged, and now the bat tle became general. The enemy had over twenty pieces of cannon, all in admirable po sition, end served with more than ordinary skill, while, but few of our guns could be brought to bear. The battery of Capt. Frank Taylor, it is true, opened a well directed fire upon Churubusco, but bo exposed was its situ ation that it suffered most terribly, both in of ficers and men. To describe the fierce conflict, even now that two days have elapsed, or to give an account of the part taken by the different regiments, wvre impossible. From the opening of the strife up to the time the Mexicans were entirely routed and in full flight for the city, was one. continuous roar of cannon and musketry ac companied by the loud shouts of the victors as some new vantage ground was gained: and high above the din rose a dense column of smoke, at times completely shrouding the com batants. The stre ngh of the enemy at this battle is known to have been 15,000, at least, many say 20,000, all fresh troops and in a po sition of uncommon slrength. Opposed to them wt re about 6000 Americans, jaded and broken down by marches and countermarches, and by incessant toil before the stronghold of Coutreras and San Antouio. At Churubusco, the Mexicans themselves say Santa Anna com manded in person, but that ha left early. The noted battalions of Hidalgo and Victoria, and of lndependicia the Polkas, or young men of the capital, from whom so much was expected nearly ail fled without firing a gun. In the different works (but mostly in the church) taken by G- n. Twiggs near 2000 troops w ere captured. Among them were: Gen. Ilia con, who commanded in person, Geu. Anaya, lately President Su&liluio, and Gen. Arevallon, as also Cel. Gorosteza, formerly Minister at, Washington. Gen. Garay was captured neari San Antonio by Gen. Worth, and several in- flucntial officers, among thm Col. Miramon, by Gen. Shields at the hacienda: but the most important capture of ail was the entire iorrign; Lattallicn, meetly made up ot deserters Irom our own anr, with their'cctnmaiidej, the no torious It Hey himself. They are all now un der close guard, and I trust will be strictly dealt w ith. The loss on our side has fallen most ru-avily upon the South Carolina and New York volun teers, the 6th Infantry and Smith's light battal lion, attached to Worth's division, and the batteries of Capts. Magruder asid Taylor. The South Carolina regiment was nearly cut to pieces, losing 137 out of 272 men, with which ltwentinto action. The 1st Artillery hassuf fered severely in officers. The Mexican accounts acknowledge the loss in killed, wounded and prisoners, of no less than thirteen generals (among them three ex Presidents) and forty-five pieces of cannon. One of our officers says that we have captured more ammunition than Gen. Scott has used since he has been in the country. Your3, &c, g.w.i. The Armistice. The unflersitmcd appointed respectively, the thre first by Maj. Oen. V infield bcott, commanoer-in-chicf of the armies of the United States, end the two , . i 1 - it I a . . : I Aa KantN Anna, President of the Mexican Kepul.lic nd conv . niandtsr-in-chiefof the 'mic, met with lull powers. I which were duly verific-d in the village of Tacubaya : on the C2d day of Aucuet. 1847, to enter into an ar : niistice lor the purpose of givir.ff tho Mexican Ooy i crnment an opportunity of receiving propositions ior peace irom the commissioner appointed by the I resi dent of the United State?, and now w ith the Ameri can army, wlicn tliC luAiawing upon: ART. 1. Hostilities shall instanly and absolutely riio of th" I rited Sate? of Ce8-? between thn arm America and the United tMexican State within thirty leagues ot the capital of the latter States, to allow time to the commissioner appointed by the U. States and the commissioner to be appointed by the Mexican Kepuhlic to negotiate. 2. This armistice shall continue so long as the com, rnistioi era ol the two Governments may be engaged in negotiations, or until the commander of either of the said armies shall give Ibrnial notice to the other of the cessation of the armistice and for forty-tight hours alter such a notice. -. . r 3. In the meantime neither army shall within thir ty leagues of the city ol Mexico commence any new loitihcation or military work of orlence or defence, or do any tiling to enlarge or strengthen an existing work or foruficaiion of that character within the said lim its. 4. Neither army shall be reinforced within the same. Any reinforcements in troops or munitions of war other than subsistence now approaching either army, shall be stopied at the distance ot twenty-eight leagues from lhe city of Mexico. , 5. Neither army, nor any detachment from it, shall advance beyond the line it at present occupies. . 6. .Neither army, nor any detachment or individual of either, shall pass the neutral limits established by the last article, except under Hag of truce bearing the correspondence between the two aimics, or on the bu siness authorised by the next article; and individual! ot either army who may chance to straggle within the neutral limits shall, by the opposite party be kindly warned off or Bent back to their own armies under flags of truce. . . The American army shall not by violence ob struct the passage, from the open country into the city ot Mexico, of the ordinary supplies of food necessary to the consumption ot its inhabitants or the Mexican army within the city; nor shall the Mexican authori ties, civil or military, do any act to obstruct the pas sage of supplies from the city or the country needed by the American army. 8. All American prisoners cf war remaining on the hands of the Mexican ormy, and not heretofore . exchanged, shall immediately, w as soon as piacti--caLle, be restored to the American army, apiinst a like number, having regard to rank, of Mexican prisoners captured by the American army. 9. All Amciican citizens who were established in the city ot Mexico prior to the existing war, and who have since been expelled from that city, shall be al lowed to return to their respective business or families therein, without delay or molestation. 10. The better to enable the belligerent armies. to execute these articles and to lavor the gntat object of peace, it is further agreed between the parties, that . any courier with despatches that either ai my ihall desire to send along the line from the city of Mexico its vicinity, to ana troiu Vera Cruz, shall receive a safe conduct from the commander ot the opposing ar my. 11. The administration of justice between Mexi cans according to the general mid State constitutions and laws, by the local authorities of lhe towns and place occupieu Ly the Anieiicbn forces, shall not be obstructed in any manner. 12. Persons and property shall be rcrpected in the towns and places occupied by the Ameticon forces.- No person shall be molested in the exercise of his pro fession; nor shall tho seiviccs of any ono be required without his consent. In all cues where services are voluntarily rendered a iust price shall be pr.id and trade remain unmoletcd! 13. Those wounded prisoners who may desirs to remove to 'some more convenient place lor lhe pur pose of being cured of their of wounds thaUhe allow ed to do so without molestation, .they still remaining prisoners. H. 1 hose Mexican medical officers who may wish 1 3 attend the wounded shall have the privilege of do ing so if their services be required. 15. For the more perfect execution of this agree ment, two commissioners shall be appointed, one by each party, who in case of dkagieemcnt shall appoint a third. 16. " This convention shall have no force or effect unless approved by their Excellencies, the comman ders respectively of the armies, within twenty-four hours, reckoning from the fth hour of the 23d day tf August, 1S47. A. QUITMAN, Maj. Gen. U.S. A. 1'LKSIFUR F. SMITH, Bvu Kru;. Gen. F KAN KLIN t'lhkC E, brig. (Jen. U.S. A. : 1GN ACIO DK MOK A Y VlLLAMlL., V LLNITOQUU ANO. ' ,'-' G. VV. LAY, U.S. A.. , Military Secretary to the General-in-Chief. ALLIS & II OVVZ1 8 Wholesale and Kctail dealers in Iron. Nails Tin plate, Foreign & Domestic Li quors nnd Groceries in general. J Wot'r street, above Main, EvanscilU, huliand. WOULD respectfully invite theattrntion of coun try Mercliants, nnd the trade in general, to their large and well selected stoek ol Groceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Segars. Boston Nails, Six. One of the firm is spending lhe entire summer, ma king purchases Last; and with a perfect knowl edge ot the western trade, and buying for cash only, we feel confident that we will be able to atlord goods as cheap as they can be bought in the West, aug 31 xwsi-ji t KI.Ml "i ens. Just received ami now SI ready for inspection COO packages of Tea. An assortment (elected with trrcnt care espe cially lor the ISvansvillc Market, for sale by aug31-tf. - ALLIS & HOWES. . r BALTI.IXOnC Oysters Prepar Si J.Xed nnd nut up without seasoning by Holt vil ti. Maltbv, warranted to keep in any cli mate; constantly on hand and for bide" l y au 31-tf. ALLIS &. HOWES. - GLASSWARE: CT? 200 dozen assorted Tumblers; . SO " iinc,cut and rom. Decanters 20 " Syr. Cans &.MolasiC8 Jugs; 30 " Jar assorted sizes; 15 " Crutts. Together with Salts, Dishes, Lanterns, Goblcte, cte., etc., ins received ani ior sale very low by au 31-tf. ALLIS &. HOWES. TO SMOKERS'. The best n-ortrncnt of - FINK Sl'ANISH SEliAKS. ... Ever below the lallt of the Ohio liver is now offered tor sale by the suhsc ibws. We name La Orleans; Regalia Ne Plus Ultra: . - Colorado Claro; ------ l'ara Todos; Crusado?; , l'anetelos. Derides many other Brands. Every taste can be suited. au 31-tf. ALLIS At HOWES. , . OBACCO. The undesigned hav on hand one 1 of the largest and best assortments ot manufac tured Tobacco in the Wwt, Virginia, Kentucky, Mis souri, aud Indiana Brand. Among late arrivals ars the following: 20 boxes Seldon and Anthony's 5 lump, 20 Kini-'s 8 lump; . 10 " Ender's U lump; ; 10 " I. Hare s 12 do 10 M W. 11. Hare's pound lump; . . 10 w Seldon and Anthony's pound lump. ,r All superior Virginia Brands, selected by a con noisseur and bought for cash, on which term they will be sold at a very email advance by - auai-tf. ALLIS &, HOWES. BREAD FOR THE MILLION. . The Subscriber has now on band a lot of fine Hy Ylour end is making up in the bwt style i'v Br id, which is admitted by all to be tho best bread now ea tin. Call and try iL NICHOLAS FIX. F. S. 1 have fresh bread baked every day . sepl 1 3U- POCKET Book Fond. A pocket wallat containing a few dollars and some Miners, which owner can have by describe lag trie same and paying tor this notice. Sep v-Jt. RECEIVED, per steamer Diana: ft bbls purified Sugar, ' 10 bbls and t bbls Sugor House Molasses; . 2 rvsks Boston Sal aerntns. . je29,tf. FOSTER & JOHNSON. PLANES. A A fill supply of bench and other rian.s,onhandr.y fjee4 C. M. GRIFFITH.