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THE EVANSVILLE JOURNAL,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY WM. II. CHANDLER & CO. The Tri-Wkeklv Journal is published on Tues days, Thursdays, and .Saturdays, at $4,00 per annum, in advance. Tho Weeklv Journal is published on Thursdays, at $2,00 per uniuim, in advance. FOR PRESIDENT: ZACZIARV TAYLOR. CITY OP EVANS VILLI?: TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 184T. 03" The length of the news from Mexico in to-days Journal has crowded out several arti cles intended for this iiumber. CCT" Our Circuit Court Judge Lockhart pre tsi Jing commenced its fall session on j ester day. We believe there is not a great deal of business to come before it. CC3A communication received at Cincin nati from Baltimore dated 15th hist., says: "I have the sad intelligence to communicate to vou, that the Hon. Louis M'Lane is extreme ly ill, an I his physicians manifest but little hopes of his recovery. Further Pabticulars about the Battle. The following was telegraphed in the Cin cinnati papers of Thursday : Richmond, Va., Sept. 15. By the pony express we have the Picayune of the 8th, containing a series of letters from , Kendall, containing a full list of the killed and wounded. The New York volunteers lost 103 in killed and wounded. The greatest loss was in the attack on Santa Anna's 2d line, as no recon nuisance of the strong position had been made. The brilliant success of the morning inspired botli officers and men with the high est enthusiasm, and they marched pell mell on a position which was most exposed, where they were mowed down by hundreds. Our loss falls little short of 1,100 out of 6,000 en gaged. When the works of the enemy were examined, one naturally wonders that Gen. Scott's entire force was not swept away. Put the Americans in the same position, and there was not Mexicans enough born to drive them out. A letter from Mr. Kendall, dated at Tacu baya, Rays that the armistice caused unusual dissatisfaction in the army. It is regarded as one of Santa Anna's old tricks to gain time and plan some new scheme of trickery and dis simulation. Mr. Kendall does not believe that an honorable peace is te grow out of it in whic'i opinion he is joined by many officers of the army. He says the whole matter was planned by lb? British miuistcr, who backs" Santa Anna in his course. It was reported that Paredes and Bustamente were approaching the Capital from different directions, with strong forces, dealing death and destruction to the American forces. The number of deserters and other foreigners fighting against us, and now prisoners, is 72. A court martial was in session, with Col. Gar land as presiden, for the trial of those rascals, and it was thought full justice would be done them. Reilly, the Irishman who commanded them, boasts openly, and says he expects no! mercy. Gen. Scott was wounded by a grape shot which struck him on the leg, and gave him so little pain at the time that he paid no atten tion to it, but it has since caused him great uneasiness. Three members of the Mexican Congress were taken prisoners, but were to be liberated j to take part in the deliberation of that body on the question of peace. Another letter from Kendall stat that posi tive information had been received "that Va lencia arrived atToluea drunk, 11$? said to have been drunk at the time of the baltle. The prospects of peace look brightening. The Mexican soldiers have returned to their homes crest fallen, many of them having fled like paltroons from the field before they re ceived a shot. They are becoming rational to wards the peace party. Rumors from the city have it that Santa An na is throwing up breast works and construct ing batteries, and some think they are to be manned by American soldiers to protect Santa Anna against those who oppose him in making terms of peace. Gen. Salas acknowledges that he was totally routed. Mr. Editor: Sir As much interest is felt on the subject of a Canal Trustee, to be chosen on the part of the State at the next Session of the Legislature, and there being a number of candidates in the field for that honor from this part of the State, when to ensure success, it appears to me that we ought to unite on some person who would be the most available. I would therefore suggest the propriety of calling meetings in the different counties along the line of the Canal, this side of White River, and appoint committees from each county to confer with each other on the subject, for if we expect to succeed in getting the Trustee in this part of the State, we must be united ought the people to sit rontented, and let four or live aspirants contend for the office with the certainty of being defeated, and thus see their interests sacrificed through their stuborness; . if . I must bar content. A CITIZEN. Further Particulars about the Battle. We are indebted to our Postmaster for a copy of the New Orleans ricayune of the 9th, which gives further letters from Mr. Kendall, one of the editor?. Many most interesting cir cumstances in regard to our recent victories are recorded in them, and his speculations about the armistice and prospects of peace will com mand attention. We give such portions as we have room for to-day, together with the mani festo of Santa Anna to the nation, The num ber of officers killed and wounded of our army amounts to 81, of these 57 were Regulars and and 27 Volunteers. The New York Regiment of Volunteerslost 103 in killed and wounded. The 15th Infantry under Col. Morgan, (be longing to Gen. Pierce's brigade,) lost one-third of its disposable force ; the 9th Infantry under Col Ransom, (belonging as well to the brigade of Gen. P.,) suffered severely. Col. Morgan was wounded in the leg and badly. The limb will be saved, but it is feared it will be some time before he recovers entirely. The field strength of the South Carolina reg iment before the action commenced, consisted of 1 Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Adjutant, 1 Commis sary, 7 Captains, 24 Subalterns, 22 Sergeants 273 rank and file, including 21 Corporals, of this number 137 were killed and wounded. Col. Butler who commaaded this regiment bahaved in the most gallant manner. In ad vancing upon the haciende attacked by Gen. Shields, at the head of his regiment, his horse was shot dead. He then advanced on foot un til he received a severe wound in the leg, which caused him to fall. In a fainting condition he was carried to the rear, but soon rallying he again advanced at the head of his .regiment, when a musket ball struck him in the head and he died almost instantly. South Carolina lost one of her bravest and most generous spir its when Col. Butler fell. Mr. Kendall says: I have not had time to obtain a full list of all the killed and wounded in the different divisions of the army, but shall endeavor to do it at the earliest opportunity. A great proportion of our loss perhaps nine tenths was in the attack upon the strong works at Churubusco Santa Anna's second line as he called it. As I have previously stated no reconnoisance whatever of these strong po sitionshad been made. The brilliant success of the morning had inspired both officers and men with the highest enthusiasm, and they rushed pell-mell into the positions the most exposed, and where they were mowed down by hun dreds. It will be seen that our own loss falls a lit tle short of ELEVEN HUNDRED about 6, 000 men were actively engaged. When the works of the enemy are examined, one natural ly wonders that Gen. Scott's entire force was' not swept away. Put his army in the same (osition and since the days of the viceroy there lave not been Mexicans enough born to drive them out. Editorial Correspondence the of ricayvne. Tacubaya, August, 25, 1847. The armistice has finally been settled and signed, and I do not tell half the story when 1 say that it has produced universal dissatisfac tion in the army in the entire army. Let me now give my speculations as to the mode by which the armistice was broughtabout. On the night of the 20th inst. after the great Mexican army was beaten, broken to pieces and routed, Mr. Thornton, of the English legation, accompanied by the British Consul, Mr. Mac kintosh a man who regards Santa Anna, hates the Yankees and never moves unless his own ends are to be gained came out of the city post haste on a visit to Gen. Scott. The next morning Gen. Mora, accompanied by Mr. Ar rangoiz who was formerly Mexican consul in New Orleans, came out, also on a visit to Gen. Scott, and on the same day the latter wrote a letter to the Mexican authorities, hinting at an armistice between the two armies with a view of opening negotiations for a peace. This pro position was eagerly jumped at by the Mexi can" Minister of War, at the instigation of San ta Anna of course, and the result has been a treaty of armistice in which, accordiug to ru mor, nearly every thing the Mexicans asked for was conceded. I know nothing of the pro ceedings of this commission except from hear say. There are many who believe that Gen. Scott has been compelled to adopt this policy, at the threshhold of the Mexican capital, by Mr. Trist and his instructions, but there are few, and I must acknowledge myself among the number, who think that a peace honorable and satisfactory to the United Stales is to grow out of this matter. The whole affair, on the face of it, looks like one of Santa Anna's old tricks to gain time and plan some newscheine of trickery and dissimulation, and as he has British influence to back him he will be likely to carry out what he undertakes. I have al ways said and always believed that Santa An na was favorable to peace to peace from pol icy only and still believe he may endeavor to bring it about; but great as in his power, like a sail vessel he can only go with the wind and current, and has too many and too powerful enemies to carry out his present schemes, at least without strong assistance from the Uni ted States. Santa Anna accuses Valencia of having lost the capital by not obeyinghisorders to abandon Contreras on the 19th, aud has ordered him to be shot wherever found ; on the other hand, Valencia accuses Santa Anna of having lost every thing by not coming to his assistance, and it is now said that he has pronounced against him and peace with the Yankees at Toluca. Iiius matters stand between tnese great Mexi can leaders. Ajrain, it is reported that Pare des is advancing from Orizaba, which place he successfully reached from Vera Cruz, breathing nothing but death and utter annihilation to the infamous North Americans, while it is further stated that Bustamente is at or near the 'capi tal with 6000 men. breathing the same amia ble sentiments. The papers of the capital are almost silent about everv thing thev do not even give an account of their recent terrible defeat. Our own loss, in killed, wounded and miss ing, is put down in round numbers at 1000 it may possibly range a little under. The Mex ican loss in killed alone amounted to nearly inai numoer, tneir prisoners to about 3000, while their wounded we have no means of com puting. Among the officers taken prisoners w ere uiree memoers oi uongress. Yours, &c, c. w. k. Tacubaya; August, 26, 1S47. We now have certain intelligence that Va lencia arrived at Toluca with only two men, his aid-de-camps, and they were thankful for their good horses or else they could not have kept up. It is asserted positively that he was drunk on the night of the 19th inst., and pro moted all hi3 officers for their extraordinary gallantry in standing firmly to their guns du ring the afternoon when no one was returning their fire. The account that he has pronounc ed against Santa Anna is not fully confirmed. but there is no doubt that Santa has denounced him in a public decree, and accuses him of all blame in bringing about the recent disaster to the country. He must accuse somebody, and v aiencia Dy nis disobedience ot a cowardly or der, has made nimself amenable offers a fair target for his master's wrath. The prospects for peace look brighter, al though the treaty is far from being signed. Our accounts from the city wouldcertainly indicate that a 6trong peace feeling pervades the better ciass oi citizens, as well as tnose ot the mid dling order they have evidently lost all con fidence in their own vaunting soldiers, and are anxious to get rid of future taxes for their sup p"rt. For a wonder, such places as Saguntu m, Mumantiaand Saragosa, whose examples they were to follow and even excel in the matter of defending themselves to the last, have not been mentioned nor aluded to for a week past. The Mexicans are certainly .becoming rational. No more do the Polkas, the "upper ten thou sand" of Mexico, parade the streets petitioning like, so many Claude Meluottes, to be placed where their country most needed soldiers: their shameless conduct before Churubusco, in run ning without even firing a gun, has taken all the conceit out of them. No more do even the noisy military demagogues talk of a future ; no more do they fume, and brag, and vaunt of what they are going to do, and how the rapa cious North Americans are to find a common grave under the walls of their beleaguered city; the blow has been too great for them. The capital was their jumping-off place there, by an extraordinary proweis they supposed them selves to possess even against the evidence of a dozen disgraceful defeats, the infamous Yan kees were to be taught their utter inferiority when compared with the valiant descendants ot the illustrious Hidalgo there they have been routed by a force not one-third as large as their own; driven from strongvantage grounds without what would be deemed a struggle by the real nations of the earth; so bhamefully de feated that even all the Mexican ingenuity of lies and excuses can find no paliation for their discomfiture. Divide all the self-sufficiency and overweening pride in the world at the commencement of this war into two parts, and the Mexicans possessed one half; and if they had only clung to their batteries with the same tenacity they did to their paper valor they might have retained their credit even although, they lost their guns. Now, all is gone means, material, name, and standing in the world and there certainly is a portion of the proud people of the Mexican capital disposed to listen to peace and sheath their useless swords. G. W. K. Tacubaya, August 27, 1847. The official report of Gen. Salas, who was second in command at Coutreras and who is now a prisoner, has been published in Mexico. He admits that his defeat was total, but as us ual lays the blame on some of his brother offi cers. He says that on the afternoon of the 19th (this teas while no one was returning their fire) the Mexicans fought with uncommon valor and entnusiasm, but that early on the morning of the 20th August they were sudden ly surrounded and at once thrown into confus ion, and in the end utterly routed. Salas says that at the outset of the disorder, lie shouted "Victory for Mexico," ordered the trumpets to sound, and directed Gen. Torrejbn to charge with his lancers; but according to the same account that officer fled in the most cowardly manner, the infantry got mixed up w ith the cavalry and also fled, and the rout of all was complete and most disastrous. Salas says that Gen. Valencia ran off at the commencement of the fight, that he does not know what has be come of him, and for this reason has felt him self called upon to make a report. Such is the account given by his Excellency Gen. Sr. Don I. Mariano de Salas of the defeat at Coutreras one of the most brilliant victories achieved by our arms since the commencement of the war brilliant and most important for the great results produced with so little loss on our side, and for which Gen. Smith, as well as Col. Ri ley and the other officers engaged in it, are re ceiving the unqualified approbation of the en tire army. Gen. Salas himself acknowledges that in this battle Gen. Frontera was killed, that besides himself Gens, Mendoza, Blanco and Garcia were wounded and taken prisoners, in addition to a list of over 100 other officers colonels, captains, &c. who were either killed, woun ded or are now in our hands. And here let me mention one fact in relation to the after battle of Churubusco, which will show how near Gen. Scott was capturing the entire Mex ican army. At the time Gen. Worth was pres sing upon the tele de pont, Gen. Twiggs upon the church, and Gens. Shields and Pierce upon the hacienda farther on, the commander-in-chief ordered Maj. Sumner to take command of the Rifles, and by a circuitous march to reach the road between the enemy and the city. Nothing but the daring impetuosity of our own men in front prevented this plan from succeed ing had the Mexicans held out or our own sol diers held off ten minutes longer, the enemy would have been in a bag as it were, and killed or captured to a man. Santa Anna might per haps heve escaped, as he has a peculiar way of his own; but he would not have taken even the remnant of an army with him. A Mexican mail was captured by a party of our dragoons on the zsd inst. on its way from tne city to Morelia. It contained a multitude of letters dated on the 21st; the day after the great battles, and they give vivid and at the same time most doleful accounts of their ter rible and utter defeat. Some of the writers lay the blame on Santa Anna alone, some on Valencia, some on Santa Anna and Valencia, some on Santa Anna, v aiencia, and all the of ficers, while others say that Santa Anna, Va lencia, and all the officers and soldiers are ut terly worthless. The latter writers are more comprehensive and probably nearer the mark Many of the letters are exceedingly rich. One loving husband writes to his wife, whom he calls "angel,'" and "idol," and his "adored Chulita," and tells her not to occasion herself any uneasiness about his safety, as he does not intend to expose himself! Another officer comes out even plainer: he tells his beloved Rosa that he thought of her when -the balls were flying, and ran! The capture of these letters i3 valuable in more ways than one they give much information as regards the strength and plans of the enemy, and freely and irankly acknowledge that they have been deieated and utterly disorganized. The num ber of Santa Anna's grand army is put down at from 30 to 35,000 and neaily all of them took a part in the battles of the 20th. The commissioners upon the part of the Mexican Government to listen to our over tures of peace are Gens. Moray Villamil and Jose Joachin de Herrera, the latter formerly President and now military commandant of Mexico. His character, as a 11 our readers know is that of an honest but weak man. Don An tonio Garay, a well-known capitalists and iormerly Minister ot finance, was also appoin ted on the commission, but refused to serve. He is known to be warmly in favor of peace probably from interest. The commissioners on he part of Mexico, with Mr. Trist, is said are to hold their first meeting this afternoon at some place near this. The trial of the deserters the celebrated bat- tallion of St. Patrick is still going on, but now the auairwill terminate no one but those on the court martial can say. A strong influ ence is at work in favor of the prisoners. In the first place, all the Mexican ladies in this town. La Senora Cavetauo Rubio amnnj the number, have signed a warm petition in their tavor, wnicu nas been sent to Gen. scolt. The lady whose name 1 have given is the wife of the rich Rubio; who has a country house here in Tacubaya. The English, and perhaps some of the other foreign ministers, have also inter ested themselves in behalf of the scoundrels. 1 might here state that the celebrated flag of the foreign battallion was captured by hel4th In fantry, attached to Gen. Pillow a division. The banner is of green silk, and on one side is a harp, surmounted by the Mexican coat of arms, with a scroll on which is painted "Liber tad vor la llrpublica Mexicana." Underneath the harp is the motto of "Erin go Braghf On the other side is a painting 1 a badly exe cuted figure, made to represent St. Patrick, in his left hand a key and in his right a crook or staff resting Uon a serpent. Underneath is painted "San ratricio." To their credit be it spoken, the Irish in our own army ore loudest in denouncing the miserable wretches who fou"hl and killed so many under this flac. I know not what disposition will be made of them, tut as hardly a person has been punished for an offence committed against our own army since it first crossed the Rio Grande, the ras cals may get off easily. Two o'clock, afternoon News has just come in from the capital w hich has caused great ex citement. At an early hour a train of wagons, under charge of Capt. Wayne, dressed in citi zens' clothes, started for the city. Scarce ly had they reached the Plaza before the wagons were surrounded by an immeuse con course of Itptros, who at first commenced cur sing and jeering the wagon-masters and wag oners. Some, however, they began to pelt the poor fellows with stones and other missiles, and notwithstanding the pretended exertions of a squad of Mexican soldiers, who acted as a guard, the entire train was driven out of the city. The Mexican Government has added two additional members of the Board of Commission to listen to the question of peace Senores At ristain and Bernardo Couto. Both are licen- ciadoa or lawyers, and the latter eniovs a high reputation, not only as regards talents, but for the probity of his character. The commission ers held their first meeting this afternoon, at a place called Izcapusalco, about two leagues from here, and I learn that Mr. Trist manifests himself as highly pleased with the proceedings thus far, aud of the continued flattering pros pects of peace. They may not look quite so flattering when he comes to talk of slices of territory, but of this we shall know all in good time. Yours, &c, g. w. k. Tacubava, AugtmfQS, 1847. The Diario del Gobierno of yesterday is almost en tirely filled with documents and letters, all undertak ing to prove that Valencia was the sole cause of the defeat of the great Mexican army, SSnnta Anna's friends are at the bottom of all this of course. Several of Valencia's letters are lugged into the document, in one of which, dated at 8 o'clock on the evening of the 19ih, at Coutreras, he speaks of having routed the entire American army at all points, and that the lib erty and honor of his country had been saved by the glorious victory. He fui tber discloses the fact that Lien. Frontera was killed while heading a charge ot cavalry, and that Gen. I'arrodi was wounded, f his is r.ews: we shall get all ihe truth out of them after a while. The last we hear of Valencia he was at To luca, whither he had gone, according to bis own pub lished proclamation, to collect forces to vindicate the honor of his country! The same number of the Diario contains an account of the attack upon the wagon train. It makes light of tne wnole ntlair, says that a tew persons were sugni ly injured, that Gens; Tornel, Herrera and Qutjano soon dispersedjthe rioters, and that the fact of the wag ons going as far as the Plaza Principal was an error or oversight; I believe that up to this time I have neglected to mention that Major Gaines who recently escaped from Mexico, was on the staff ot Gen. lacott during the re cent battles, and that Midshipman Rogers was on that of Gen. Pillow; After the tout at Coutreras, and and while our troops were on the way to Churubusco, a house where Capt. Danley and Major Borland were secreted was passed. The former was quite unwell at the tunc, but the latter came out, shouluerea a mus ket, and was in at the defeat of Churubusco. I hear that Clay and all the other prisoners will now soon be released. Yours, &c. g. w. k. I Tacubaya, Aug. 29, 1847. The peace commissioners met again yesterday, and at a point nearer this place. Nothing positive in re lation to the proceeding ot this second meeting has transpired some say that everything went on smooth ly, others say not, which is tolerably strong proof that but little is known one way or the other in rela tion to the deliberations. The new commissioner, Ber nardoCouto, was present as was also Atristain. The latter is represented as a tool of Mackintosh's; but if he can do anything towards bringing about a peace this makes no difference. They say that in the city they indulge the hope that the commissioners will agree upon the Nueces ana boundary. This is carry ing the stakes and stones a little to Far. "Give them an inch and they'll take an ell" is applied to many people in the world give a Mexican an inch and he'll take at least seven.miles and a half I must close this letter in haste, as a messenger has just come in to say that the express man is about to start. You shall be kept informed of everything. Youre, &c. (i. w k. By Telegraph for the Cincinnati Commercial L.ATEII I ItOH EUHOPE. ARRIVAL OF THE FRENCH STEAMER UNION. MORE IlEA VY FAILURES IN LONDON. Farther Depression in the Corn Market. . New York, Sept. 16, 8 P. M, By the arrival of the French Stearmer Union, this afternoon Paris papers of the 19th, and London dates of the 27th ultimo, have been re ceived. At London on the 23d, the Corn market had given way, and the'suspension of the Messrs. W. Robinson & Co., Premier of the Bank of England, had a very injurous effect upon busi ness. London, Aug. 27th. . The news from Mark Lane, received since our market of the 23d, is very unfavorable; and another well known house has suspended; the liabilities of which, are said to amount to one hundred and fifty thousand pounds sterling. It being generally understood that the direc tors of the Bank of England, are about to -reduce the rate of interest to five per cent, the Money market Is somewhat easier. The papers received contain no political news of moment. The Union having the Small Tox on board, was detained at the Quarantine. By Telegraph to Cincinnati for the LouLivilie Cour. ADDITIONAL NE VS by the S TEAMEIi. Decline in Wheat and Provision. POTATO CROP ABUNDANT. Philadelphia, SepU 17. , Last night I forwarded all the foreign news, markets, &c, that came to hand prior to 11 o'clock, but until this morning I have not been able to get any quotations of the London mar kets. ' ' In the papers received I do not find any po litical news worth telegraphing. In addition to the failures reported last night, are those of Woolly, Custdan & Co., Lyon & Finney, and Dixon & Co. The amount of their liabilities is not stated." At London on the 27th Amencm Flour, ranged from 21 to 27 shillings. Wheat was 1 to 2 sbillings lower than the currency of the 19th. The Potatoe crop promised an abundant yield. . . Business was generally depressed and a want of confidence in the corn trade was generally experienced. The steamer Cricket exploded in the Thames killing six persons. The attempt to get off the steamer Great Britain has again failed, though assisted by a steamer of G30 horse power. This mammoth vessel is now abandoued to her fate. The Duke of Frasliu, Fecr of France", assas sinated his wife w ho was the mother of nine children. The Duke was cast into prison were he committed suicide by taking a quantity of arsenick. . The Corn markets of the Kingdom were very much depressed. At Liuerick, Ireland, Corn was offered fur freight, and new Wheat 13 pence for stone (14 pounds) without finding purchasers. CQ-The libilities of the house of Prime, Ward J- Co., of New York, are between one and two millions of dollars, a large part of which is understood to be held by the Barings, who hate protected many of their bills. The assets are said to be large, and the deficiency in the end will not be very great. The house had been employed by Jacob Little to purchase a large amount of Railroad Stocks, but when they were delivered was not able to pay for them. In one hour Mr. Little raised three hundred thousand dollars to meet the failure, but the exertion was too great for his physical system. As soon as he met the obligation he fainted, There are strange incidents, some times, in the life of a Wall street broker. . CQThe Louisville Journal of Friday says: The Natives National Convention assembled in Philadelphia on Friday. We have the first day's proceeding. The nomination of candi dates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency had been discussed, but no course had been adopted. A resolution for nominating Gen. Taylor, to be supported by the Native Amer icans in 1848, bad been negatived. C3-The Wheeling Times says that the plan for the bridge across the river at that point, has been agreed upon. It is to be supported by two towers on each bank, 1010 feet from center to center,-100 feet above the floor of the bridge. The contracts for the work have all been let, and the Times is under the impression that the bridge will be built within a year. Election in Wisconsin. The election for a delegate to Congress from Wisconsin jhook place, in that territory ,on Monday of last week. The candidates were Tweedy, WTiig, and strong Loco. As far as heard from, the gains for the Whig candidate were large, and it is quite probable, judging from the returns thatwe have seen, that he has beaten his opponent. The Union says that Gen. Kearney arrived in Washington last Friday. He reported him self the next day to the President, and to the Department of War. Col. Fremont waser-; pected to anive in a few days.