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THE EVANSVILLE JOURNAL,
PRISTED ASD PUBLISHED BY YVM. II. CHANDLER & CO. Tho Tri-Weikly Jocrxal is published on Tues days Thursdays, and Saturdays, ut $1,00 per annum, in ndvanee. The WtKKLY JorxxAL is published on Thursdays, at $2,00 per annum, in advance. FOR PRESIDENT: ZACHAIIY TAYLOR. CITY OF EVANSVILLE: THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1S47. QCF" WANTED A lad 14 to 16 years of age is wanted at this office as an apprentice. CGSee first and fourth pages for miscella neous matter. Telegraph to Evassvtlle. Wc were in formed several days ago by a gentleman from Leavenworth, that the workmen were very bu sy on the Telegraph line to St. Louis, and that it was contemplated it would pass through this city and an agency be established here. This morning we have received a communication from one of our citizens, which induces us to believe that an effort will be made to secure to our citizens the benefits of telegraphic com munication with the East and West, and we hope our citizens will not permit the opportu nity to pass by. The amount of stock neces sary to secure an agency here will be trifling in comparison to the benefits to be derived, and wc are sutjsfied will be subscribed at once. We must strike while we have the opportu nity.' ; To the Editor of the Evansville Journal: Sir I have this morning received a commu nication stating that Mr. Ilenry O'Reilly would visit our Town about the 28th of this month for the purpose of making an examination of a Telegraphic line from this place to St. Louis, with an agency here. The importance of the undertaking to every Merchant and Farmer of our country cannot for a moment be questioned, and I trust that they will not, for lack of energy, permit this great work to fall through. Yours, &c. C. CO" 1 h Ohio State Journal has received a telegraphic notice from Pittsburgh, dated 17th inst. Hi o'clock, A. M., which states that . "A copy of the New Orleans Delta has been received, containing flic news that ARTICLES OF TEACE have been signed by Mr. Trist and the Mexican Commissioners! This cannot be correct. We have New Orleans papers as .late as the 10th and Louisville papers of ,the 2lst, and no mention of a peace is made in meetings to take into consideration the terms proffered by our Government through Mr. Trist. Nothing had transpired in relation to what was done. The next intelligence from Mexico will be awaited with anxiety, as it will probably bring us the result of the delib erations of the commissioners. CCf The Diario del Gobicrno, a paper pub lished inthe City of Mexico, of the dateof 27th August, admits that result of the lute battles was most unfortunate for the nation, but as cribes the defeat of the Mexicans entirely to the marked disobedience of Gen. Valencia. The Diario estimates our loss at one thousand and seventy, and that of the Mexicans at Five Thoubasd in killed, wounded and prisoners. The correspondent of the N. O. Delta learns from intercepted letters in possession of our army, written on the evening of the battle the Mexican loss to be 5,000 in killed and wounded; and by them also learns that out of JU.U00 men they had but between 6 and S.000 men left and they in confusion, without lead ersthe balance killed, wounded, prisoners, or totally dispersed. (XTs-Thc Louisville Journal says that Cap tain Thilip Kearney, who had his left arm shot ofT in the recent battles, is one of the most en thusiastic of soldiers. He raised a company of cavalry, in doing which he expended of his own private means over three thousand dol lars, and marched them to Mexico." His men and his horses were picked the former being true blue, and the latter gray This company was raised in this State, at Indianapolis, and the horses procured in the neighborhood of Terre-IIaute. Vermont Election. The returns from the whole State are not yet received. There has been no choice of Governor, the constitution requiring a majority of all the votes given. The Legislature will be Whig by a decreased majority. The New York Tribune says: ''Ruin find Locofecoism formed an alliance in many towns with a view to repeal the license law, while the liberty party and some exciting local questions had the effect to divert some Whig votes into the wrong channel." OCT A correspondent of the New York Her ald writes from Washington that the President intends recommending extensive sales of the U. S. copper lands for cash for war expeuses. Between this and some other expedient the ta riff bill of "46 infly be paved another year. But nothing will save it beyond the prr'-ent Con re. h will have to bo modified. BUSINESS PROSPECTS. The jobbers and retail dealers of our city are now opening their fall and winter stocks of goods, and we are rather below the truth than otherwise, in stating the amount of goods in our market to be three times greater this year than at any former season. This is obvious to all who visit the stores, or even take a glimps at the crowded side walks, fdled with boxes and packages, and the counters and shelves stored with admirable and most attractive as sortments. Besides our old merchants there are many new comers, with entire new stocks, preparing for a brisk competition with those before thein as well as those yet to come. All this gives token of a largo and prosperous fall business. There is no longer any reason why country merchants and traders should con tinue to visir Louisville and Cincinnati to re plenish their stocks, when they can do so here at abetter advantage and at the cost of less time and risk. The amount of goods brought to this market this season, as we are assured by the merchants themsel ves.is sufficient to supply a very large portion of the interior, and the ad vantages winch our merchants possess over those of larger cities in cheapness of livin; rents, and expenses generally, will enable them to sell lower than the same goods can be pur chased in those cities. These are facts which every one visiting this market for the purpose of purchasing will be compelled to admit, and when we add the justice of keeping the money at home which has heretofore gone to en rich the cities of other States, to say nothing of the benefit to be derived by the building up of a home market for the surplus products of the country, we think we may safely claim a larger share of trade than has heretofore fallen to us. CQ We received on yesterday from our young friends Messrs. E. & W. L-ewis, a pres ent of a most splendid and costly vest patern with trimmings to match. It is the most beau tiful article of the kind we ever eaw, and we think it will become us well. By the way, we may as well mention the fact that the Messrs. Lewis are opening not only one of the largest but one of richest assort ments ever offered in our city, and they are not afraid to say so. See their advertisements. CT Messrs. J. II. Machee & Co., have re tired from the retail trade and will hereafter confine themselves entirely to the jobbing bu siness. Their stock 13 unusually lare and se lected with great care expressly for this section. We call the attention of purchasers to their advertisement. rrS?,. 1Vr mm) nrl fnTtrnf ir r-nll aHcnl!fi;l tn LtiGH, who lias just arrived from the eastern cities with a large and splendid stock of dry I goods, &c. He is one of our most accommo j dating merchants, takes great pleasure in show- rug his goods and will sell as low as can be pur chased in the market. CCTAn Iowa paper comes out in favor of a railroad from Keokuk to DuBuque to "ail in carrying of the interior of that State." Only ! the "interior" The Iowa chap don't go quite i as far as some of our papers. The Vinccnucs, I Terre-IIaute, Indianapolis, and other papers we could mention, have came out for a railroad i which -will "cany oT' our whole State, to Sr. i Louis remove it entirely trade, enterprise, capital, ALL. Another Movement. The NewYork Com mercial says that a scheme is projected by some Texas politicians to effect a sale of the Texas public landstothcUnitedSlates irt'fA the bur den of her delta attached, of course, inasmuch as, if we buy the lands, wc must take them under the encumbrance upon them they be ing pledged for the payment of the public debt: while no good would result from the sale, to any body, save the "greedy speculators"' whom it would enrich. C3" A Vera Cruz correspondent of the New Orleans Delta, speaking of Coin. Terry, says: I received news here a few days ago, that on Com. Perry's return to the squadron at Alvar ado, he found that two sailors belonging to the squadron had been killed on shore by some Mexicans; without, however, waiting to enter into any explanation with tha authorities on the subject, the commodore immediately went to work, had the alcalde arrested, and inform ed him that he would bo held responsible for all such acts in future; but, in the present in stance, he wo-dd merely require the payment of S2.000, for the use of the widows of the two'men who were murdered. It is needless to add that the money vas immediately pai l over, and will be forwarded at once to its des tination. Com. P., being informed that the jail had been 'broken into and a quantity of cotton some 50 bales which was seized at, or a short time previous to the time of the bombardment of this port, was taken out of the stores belonging to the United States Gov ernment, immediately sent word to the author ing uiai, urne couon was not at once forth- coming, He would set fire to two Mexican ships ; lying mere, and, if that was insufficient for his scat in the next Congress, on the ground that object, he would razee the town forthwith. ; be was fairly elected, : a"nd5iifairiVd?rri eel The cotton wnsoon produced and shipped for' of the certify . which was given to Mr. Jatk Vfa Cn,z- sou. L. F. fX3S. of T. Grand Division. We find; the following in the Quiucy Whig. We hope for the good of the cause there is some mistake in this matter, and that the charges here made will prove to oe without foundation: . A writer in the Philadelphia Bee, over the signature of "X." is writing numbers for that paper, in which he professes to be acquainted with certain iniquities practised in the Nation al Division of the Sons of Temperance in ap propriating something like 610 to 818,000 an nually, for purposes with which the subordinate Divisions of the country are not acquainted. A portion of the fund is stated to have been squandered in salaries for officers of the Grand Division, contrary to the objects and intention of Order. The writer alleges that "corruption exists iu the. Order that there is a deficiency iii the treasury, not accounted for by the lame reports of the officers." That the Division i3 "governed by a clique, so well contrived that thev can operate in andcontroll the whole Or der throughout the United States," and pro mises in a future number to reveal the names of this clique. He says he is one of the oldest members of the Order has never ceased to la bor for its good and advancement has been present at almost every nieeeting of the Grand Division and has "witnessed the extravagant waste of money; and the frauds practised upon the Order, with pain and regret" and one ob ject in writing the numbers, he says, is to "cau tion brothers of the danger that a canker worm is in our midst, praying upon our vital parts." If there is no foundation for these charges, the Grand Division owes it to its own charac ter to the subordinate Divisions and partic ularly to the cause of Temperance to make it manifest at once, There should be ho myste ry or secrecy among brethren in relation totlie disposal of any fund in which the whole Order is interested all should be as open as the day lest doubts arise, and thus impediments thrown in the way of the onward progress of the Order and the Temperance Cause with which it is connected. CC5"Thc following brutal attack upon Ilenry Clay, is from a vile fcheet published at Fort Madison, Iowa. We publish it to show the extent to which political malice can Je car ried by the mercenary starveling:; that hang upon the skirts of the locofoco partv. Ilenry Clay is now a private citizen in .'vpctation of no office and is certainly beyond the reach of such creatures as this Iowa libeller who, with all his sanctimonious professions of puri ty and morality, is undoubtedly one of the most depraved of his class,. and who if. he had his deserts would long since have been an inmate of the Slate Ihuac located in his neighboi hood. "And then might Ilenry Clay, well exclaim, "My soul is wearied of life." Then let birn know let him be assured that they are no other than the just judgements of God overta king him for his vices and iniquities. His com- bauched by luxury and corruption. He is. therefore, the author ol his own misery, bv hav ing thrown away upon the vices and follies of the world, that power of mind which God bad bestowed upon him for nobler pufpo.-es.:' ( An Ixtellxgext View of Mexican Affairs. A correspondent of the London Morning Chronicle, who writes from the citv of Mexico under date of June 2Sth, remarks as fallows: According to my eninion. we have no pros pect of a speedy prace. The whol- length an I breadth of the lend is, and will be, overrun with baud. ; fhalf soldiers, half robbers, and the Amer icans will yet have to make many heavy sacrifi ces before they can attain dominion here, or even an appearance of having their power acknowl edged by the Mexicans. This retistence, the vis inelricD, is the only ono of which the Mexican is capable, but it is" a powerful one, and in it, he is great. Not oiie of them has been induced to join the Americans. They do not look upon the Yankees with rage, but they keep entirely aloof from them, theyevenadmire the courage of the enemy in niarchingboldly into the very heart of ujeir country, cut tney regard them as savages, entirely devoid of all liner feelings. In fact, the Mexicans consider that courage isquite excluded to civilized minds, and is merely an ani mal, and, therefore, an objectionable disposi tion. A very clever caricature has boon published and sold here during the last few tlnys, repre senting Santa Anna laid upon a table of the anatomical theatre, an enormous Yankee am putating his second leg, while Polk applies the ether apparatus; but instead of the sjongcs containing the ether, you see a number of mon ey begs marked three million of pecos. Tha annual report of the commissioner of patents has just been published.. It contains. in addition toother valuable matter, a tabular estimate of the crops for 1843. The aggregates are thus given: Bushels of wheat, : . I Bushels cf barley, Bushels of oats," Bushels of rye Bushels of buckwheat, Bushels of Indian corn. 106,5 1S.0OO 5. I 60. GOO 103.208,009 27,173.000 10.2(58.000 417.SJ9,000 83,3J2,000 Bushels of potatoes, Hay, tons. Flax and hemn. tons. 14,0f.3.000 37.r00 IS7.422.000 O36.0SS.0OO 89,763.000 4St?.530 ooi ryrr nnn Tobacco, pounds, Cotton, pounds, Kire, pounds, Silk, pounds of cocoons, Sugar, pounds, The commissioner, in civinz this statement. says that while no pretension is mads to com plete accuracy, the best sources of information have been consulted. ; Another Contested Scat. Col. James Monroe, of New York city, intends to claim a IMPORTANT PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.. . The Armistice Official Corrcspondence- To the proper elucidation of the spirit with which the recent armistice was entered into between Gen. Scott and Santa Anna, we an nex several important documents. The following was the letter addressed by Gen. Scott to Santa Anna' tendering an armistice: Headquarters oe the Army U. S. America, ? Coyoacan, August 21, 1847. ) To Hi3 Excellency the President nnd General-in-Chief of the Republic of Mexico. Sir Too much blood has already been shed in this unnatural war between the two great Republics of this continent. It is time that the differences between them should be amica bly and honorably settled, and it is known to your Excellency that a commissioner on the part of the the United States, clothed with full powers to that end, is with this army. To en able the two Republics to enter on negotia tion, 1 am willing to sign, on reasonable terms, a sliort armistice. I shall wait with impatience until to morrow morning for a direct answer to this communication; but shall in the mean time sieze and occupy such positions out side of the capital as 1 may deem necessary to the shelter and comfort of this army. I have the honor to remain, with high consid eration and respect, your Excellency's most obedient Servant, Wisfjelb cott. To this letter a reply was returned by the Mexican Secretary of War, of which the fol lowing is a hasty version : Ministry of Wae and Marine, ) , Mexico, August 21, 1847.. J To His Excellency Gen. Winfield Scott, Commander - iii-Chiet" of the Army of the U. S. America. Sir The undersigned, Minister of War and Marine of the Government of the U. States of Mexico, is instructed by his Excellency the President, commander-in-chief, to reply to your communication in which you propose to enter into an armistice, with a view to avoid the further shedding of blood between the two great Republics of this continent, for the pur pose of hearing the propositions which may be made for this purpose by the commissioner of his Excellency the President of the United States of America, who is at the headquarters of the American army. It is certainly lamentable, that in conse quence of the disregard of the rights of the Mexican It public, the. fchedding of blood has become inevitable between the first republics of the American continent; and your Excellen cy with great propriety qualifies this war as unnatural, as well on account of its origin as the antecedentsof two people identified by their relations and their interests. The proposition of an armistice to terminate this scanilal has been received with pleasure by his Excellency the President, commander-in.-cb.ief, as it will enable the propositions tobe entertained which the commissioner of the President of the Uni ted States may make for the honorable termi nation of the war. ' Accordingly, the President, commander-in- chief, directs me to pay to your Excellency that he accepts ths proposition to enter into an ar mistice, and for tins object he has appointed cnt at trie time and place which may be desig nated. His Excellency al so instructs me to commit nicate lus satisfaction that the army of the U- mted Mates should occupy convenient and fit ting quarters, trusting nnd honing that they vi in oe out oi reacii ot the hrc ot the Mexican loruiications. 1 have the honor to be with high considera tion and respect, your Excellency's most obe- tueni sen ant, Alcohta The same day Sonor.Pacheco, the Secretary of State, issued the following summons for the assembling of Congress: ; Ministry of Internal and Foreios Rela tions, Mexico, August 21, 1847. Mord Ercdlent Sir: All Mexicans, but es. pcciallv the inhabitants of this capital, have been witnesses to the. extraordinary exertions which have been made by his Excellency the Provisional President to collect au army capa ble of meeting that of the United States, and restoring the lustre of the arms of the Repub lic. They are witnesses also that he has fought uii iiurepuiuy, exposing nis own lite, until the moment when the victory was lost and the enemy was at the girtes of the capital. In these circumstances, and when the nu merous inhabitants of Mexico have made evprv kind of sacrifice to carry on the war, it is one of ttie most imperious duties of the First Magis trate to prevent the calamities inseparable from an assault, and to avoid all the consequences of a violent occupation of the city. To this end, and in the exercise of his constitutional powers, and in conformity with the wishes of Congress communicated tolumon the ICth Ju ly last, he has determined to hear the nrooosi tions which Mr. Nicholas Trist has to make on the part of the United States, and to consent that in the meantime there shall be a suspen sion of hostiiitieg. As this question is of the utmost interest to the Republic, his Excellency desires that the National Congress should take their annroD.i- aie pari, ana accoraingiy ne directs me to no tify your fcxrellencv that you may take meas- ures mngenuy to summon tne jjeputies to as semble at 12 o clock to-elay. 1 reiterate the assurances of my distinguished consideration. . iiou and ijioerty. Jofe Ramos Pacheco, CT" An officer, writing from , Tacubaya, slates that Gen. Scott did not ask a surrender of the city of Mexico, as it was virtually under his control; and to have taken the army into it, would have been productive of some trouble, as it would be next to. impossible to control the troops. 1 ' State Elections to take place. The fol lowing general Elections are yet to take place: Georgia, Oct. 4 4 4 6 11 12 12 Michigan, Nov. 1 " 1 , " 1 ' 2 " 2 Arkan-a.; Florida, Maryland, South Carolina. Pennsylvania, Ohio." '. Mississippi," Louisiana, Texas, . New York, Massachusetts, Delaware, , , 8 9 What Next? A. man in Cincinnati has lately discovered a plan by which he says he can send a person from that place to New York, let him transact business and get him back again in less than 2 hours and a half. He can by the same discovery transact four hundred tons of merchandise from Cincinnati to New York, at a cost not exceeding the usual rate, and all in 10 hours! The plan is to stretch 4 wires, two for a platform for a vehicle to run over, and two overhead to steady thelightning vehicle, and then propel by electricity. If this can be done, railroads vill be at least one age behind the times! On'- think of travelling with the speed of lightning instead of the old fashioned and rediculously slow way of rail roads'. " " The Thiko is a Nutshell. Mr. D. Tratt of Alabama, thus briefly illustrates the way in which manufactories make cities: -f "Cotton is certainly the article with which we ought to commence manufacturing that will bring all the other branches along in regular train. Should $1,000,000 capital be invested in a village in manufacturing cotton, it would employ only about 1,600 operatives; those be longing to their families who did not labor in the factories, would make ther number amount to 2,000. This would bring in 1,500 more in other small branches, , such as merchants, ma chinists, boot and shoe makers, tanners, sad dlers and harness makers, silversmiths, tinners, paper makers, &c. In fact, almost every branch of manufacturing would follow. Thus it ap pears that fcl, 000,000 capital invested in cot ton manufacturing would give employment to 3,500 persons; but this is not all. The vil lage of 3,500 would create a market for all the provisions made to spare from 10 to 20 miles around, encouragingand enriching all our small, industrious farmers. In would give a healthy aspect to business through the whole neighbor hood. Money would circulate freely during the whole year; whereas now we think we are doing pretty well if we get a sight of or handle a little, once during the year, or at most a small portion of the year." EVANSVILLE FEMALE SEMINARY. Mrs. C. S. Stoxe, Principal of tlw Evangville Female Seminary, lakes plcseura in tnnoun cing to the public that the Fall Term of tbia Institu tion commenced on the 6th inst., with a corp of Tea chers, in the building on Water street, LiuWto occu pied by Messrs. lleberd. It is deemed proper to say that we fully purpose conducting the Institution in iu extended cuuroe so as to answer the present demand ot those who would enjoy the distinction and benefit of a finished educa tion. The order of studies have been arranged w ith much core and proved to be judicious by happy expe rience; in the exetution of which it will undergo no other change or modification, but such as the exigen cies of the case demand. Teachers w hoso ability snd fidelity have been sue eesstullv evinced will beemployed by the Principal, and will devote their time exclusively to the object of imparting a thorough knowledgeof the studies. The most approved modern methods of instruction and dUcipline will be adopted in the management of llie solio)l, wliilo vigilenl atU-r)tion will be paid to tlie com. or t, health and happiness of pupil, omitting no feasible eirorts tlmt cun contribute tho well pro portioned development ol" the nlellectitjTowerHo( lliu eaiablu-lu'ncnt ol such lialiiu as. enter tfsonliully into the constitution of every accomplished leinulo character. . We do not intend that any thing shall be wonting either in facilities or efforts to give as thorough nn ed ucation in the useful brandies of study, as cun be de sired. As to ornamental tliey will hold ilie promi nence equal to their relative merits bring held sub servient and auxiliary to more important studies. Provision will bo made for accomodation of young ladies in good families with one or more of the teachers where they will be subject only to parental govern ment. W hat reason, aflection and moral suasion fail to do towards securing premier application nnd de portment will not be attempted hy older means, ll wfll be considered a duty to get such into the hands of par ents and guardians avoiding Us immoraUt u itf tqmin lUring tim and money, as education in tnis school,' in every point of light, is professed to be Ixtsed on christian principle. Keligious instruction will beiUi. ly imparted with the Bible for our textbook embrac ing tiie broad principles of the gospel, v ilJiout itctar--rian be irinp. We wifh it understood that the pri mary department will occupy the first place in the at tention of the Principal, as it is our aim to train tha mind to patient and independent investigation. And this end is secured bv errat thorough new in firt nrin. clples, commencing' wi.h the timpleet forms of ele mentary truth. Vocal Music and Linear Drawing as a svstem of graphics, w ill be taught both as a science and an art, without extra charge. As the community are unac quainted with the Principal it is presumed that the references given with the testimonials will be satis factory, as our dependence for natronane is not in ha placed on 'circulars, professions, promises and preten sions' but simply on malum; the Institution what it oughttobeand what the community demands. An opportunity will be aTonled for thoee who wish to continue the elementary training in the nrennrnmrv and advanced departments, during the vacation. 'PL. : . : - . , i ik pupils iu iiuiMi; kui receive instruction also. The course of instruction will embrace a I'rimnrv Preparatory and Advanced Department. ' ....... '-."v...-.j w . ..in in.-, ingij lilljtlll will be given in History, Mental and Moral Philosophy, niieioric, vomposiion, XiOgic, juotany, Chemistry, Mathematics, Ancient and Modern Languages, Mu sic, Vocal and Instrumental, Drawing. Special at tention will be given to the morals and manners of the pupils. The year will be divided into two ses sions of 32 weeks each, or four quarters of 11 weokS each. , ... , ., Tuition in the TVimsry Department per Qunf ter 2,00 Preparatory. 4 (no Advanced 6 to 8 accsrding to the advancement of the pupil. Extra charges will be made for ancient and modern Lan guages Music and Painting,- . 1 The Trustees take pleasure in commending the school to the patronage of all the friends of Education, and trust that an institution so well calculated to meet the wants of our rising community, will be vigorous ly supported. Mrs 8., brings letters of roimnenila- uon irom rtev. xn. n. nan. 01 Lexington, hr.; Jfey.i 7 wr ir:ll j nr tl Tt it i r T ? W. W.Hill, and W IL Culklv, of I-ouisvillc, K Dev. Mr. I ratt, raris, Ky; references also may be made to Rev. Bishop Smith, of Ky;v.to Rev: li, H. Bafm, of Transylvania University, and others. Evansville, Sep. 16. - C.&STOSE, Principal. " ADMINISTRATORS Sale. Will be sold at Dublm auction at the House of the late Gestavna Copley in Texas, all the personal property of the said decedent, viz: Household Furniturea complete sett of Carpenter's Tools, Cows: Hoes, one 2 Horse Wau- on, entirely new, a quantity ol Brick, tc. etc. A credit of six and nine months will be iriven unnn all sums over three dollars, the purchaser giving note and sullirient security, also waiving all relief from valua tion or appraisement laws. The above sole to com mence at 10 o'clock A. M. 00 Saturday the 25th of Sepul847. D. CHUTE, AdraT. - sept 4. POCKET Book Fond. A pocket wallat containing a few dollars and soma 2 papers, which owner can have by describ ing the same and paying for this notice, sep 9-3t. CJTONEWA RE. A few 1,000 pals, still on risnd Oat a reduced pnc by fj(6J C. M. GRIFFITH.