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THE EVANSVILLE JOURNAL,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY WM. II. CHANDLER & CO. The Tri-Weeki.v Journal is published on Tnes. days, Thursdays, and Saturdays, ut $ 1,00 per annum, in advance. Tlio Weekly Jocr.nal is published on Thursdays, lit A '2 00 ner nnnnni in nlinnrc FOR PR ESI DENT: ZACXXAXl3r TAYLOR. CITY OF EVANSVILLE: THURSDAY NOVEMBER 11, .8147. (E3"The Union of a late date announces that General Taylor has applied for leave of absence to return home, and will reach New Oilcans about the 1st of December. Used up again. No man was ever oftener "med up" in the course of a life than the Ilcv. John Newland Maffit. We remember at leant a dozen instances in which his unfounded pretensions to great learning, talents, and pi ety have been completely exposed, and he himself whittled down to his proper insignifi cant dimensions; but never was even he made to appear so email and contemptible as under thecastigations bestowed upon him by the Lou isville Journal, and Courier, on account of the outrageous sentiments advanced by him in his recent lectures, in that city, in defence of the Mexican war. This time there is not "a grease spot" of him left. If there was anythingof the sort left by Prentice and Haldeman he himself has wiped it out clean byabrief response to their strictures, which he made in the Courier of Saturday last. One example of his inconsisten cy and folly will give a correct idea of the whole . In one part of his article he says that he does not and could not, consistently with his principles and profession, approve of the war, and in another that he would neither be guilty of inculcating heterodox opinions, nor of impuning the attributes of Jehovahby insist ing that God has cither designed or ordained the War!!! Thus taking the position that he, as a christian minister, does not approve of what God himself lias ordained ! Mr. Folk proscribing the friends of Gen. Taylor. The Baltimore Patriot of the 2nd inst. says: We have never doubted that the Administration were deadly hostile, personal,' pouucai ana military, to trie Hero ol Jiuena Vista. Heretofore their hostility has shown itself in overslauging Gen. Taylor, depressing him in his command; and in every possible way shutting him out of public view. But this negative policy lias had no other effect than to excite indignation against Mr. Polk and his advisersr A more decided policv has been determined upon, and hencefourth not tuily Gen. Taylor but his friends are to feel the power of the administration. Proscription is now to be the order of the day, and the work has already commenced. The first victim is the Postmaster atllarrisburg. A letter to the the Philadelphia Pennsylvanian (locofoco) "an nounces the appointment of Isaac G. McKin ley, Esq., as Postmaster at Harrisburg, in place of James Peacock, Esq. Mr. McKinley is the editor of the llarrisburs Democratic Un- 8on. Thus far, says the Pennsylvanian the j trict cheapest power known and in inexhaust Philadelphia Bulletin gives us .the cause of I ible quantities every facility of transporting the proscription. . It says : "We have been in formed that Mr. Peacock's removal was owim; to his participation in the Taylor State Con vention, recently held in Ilarrhburgh!" So, to be a friend of Gen. Taylor is hence forth to bring down the haired of Mr. Polk! We shall now see, who of the many office holders who were inclined towards Gen. Tay lor will now back out, and protest "they nev er liked the man." CCiIn publishing the following receipt we don't wish to lead any ol the Sons astray, but then we have others to cater for besides those belonging to the Order, who may wish to sip cider without getting tight: Take a pint of pulverised charcoal, and put , it into a bag, then put it iuto a barrel of new cider, the cider will never ferment, will never contain any intoxicating quality, and is more and more palatable the longer it is kept, Dignified Employment. The Legislature of the Empire State, New York.were engaged on Tuesday, in debating a bill reported by a Committee, to impose a tax on old bachelors. An' amendment was adopted extending the tax to widowers. Mr. Perkins moved to amend by exempting those bachelors who could prove that they had offered themselves fire times for a matrimonial connexion and been rejected. Lest. Mr. Balconi moved to recommit with in " structions to Include old maids. The motion to recommit was lost, and the bill goes to the Committee of the Whole. Death's doings in the War. The Rich mond Republican, sums up our loss in kill ed and wounded in the Mcxicau War as fol lows: At Falo Alto and Ressca, Monierey, Buena Vista, Cerro Gordo, Cherubusco, Mexico and neighborhood. The loss in skirmishes and bv 400 500 800 500 1000 1600 sickness, estimated at, 4S0O Total killed and wounded, t200 For What .' C3The following communication is from the pen of a gentleman of Louisville who has lately written two or three very excellent ar ticles for the Louisville Journal upon the rela tive cost and applicability of steam power for manufacturing purposes compared with water power Coal Fields; &c. The author's object is to bringjto notice the town of Cannelton, sit uated on the river between this place and Lou isville; but nevertheless the arguments will ap ply as well to ihis place and we hope may have weight with our citizens. It was addressed to a citizen of our town. Dear Sir: Pittsburg is a very thriving city, although it is at the head of a very muddy stream,"dry the summer and frozen in the win ter," although it is in the centre of a barren re gion. It has lost most of its commercial im portance, but its merchants have gone into manufactures. Why does it grow? What gives it importance? Coal! Coal! To get near this capitalists raise the hills togetaplace to build upon. Now can you tell me how long the cotton, hemp, iron and wool of the rich plains of the South and West are to be taken up this river eight hundred mile?, above a site which is below all the important obstructions of the Ohio, equally healthy with Pittsburg, with a position perhaps unequalled on the riv er, by which daily and weekly packets are pass ing to and from every section of the great West, and where coal is to be had at one cent a bush el cheaper than at Pittsburg, and in the centre of the richest agricultural countries in the world? In fifteen years Illinois and Indiana will hare a population of three and a half million of souls. Are these to be tributary to Fittsburg, or New England, or Old England, for that which they can produce far cheaper at home ? Nature gives us in power and distance at least 25 per cent, advantage over the cotton manufacturer of New England, and perhaps 10 per cent, more in cheapness of living. We have even now abun dance of capital for any enterprise which will yield one half of this difference. Operatives from New and Old England are ready to come to us in thousands if we will guaranty employ ment. Have we not the men competent to take hold of and prudently and energetically carry on manufactures of every kind? The Lawrences and Apple tons are not confined to New England. Nature has placed the great Illinois coal-field, and covered it w ith the most proline soil for some good purpose. She intended it for the great manufacturing region of the world. In England she has placed the coal on an average over 500 feet under the surface; in Nova Sco tia 300; in Belgium 700, and in veins averag- ia& eS3 tnan three feet in thickness In Eng- lautl irou yields on an average only 26 per cent On the other side of the Mountains the coal is under Mountains two hundred miles distant from the nearest point where it can be used for other than iron manufacturing purposes and the iron there yields only about 30 per cent. over thirty-four millions of dollars has now been expended in rail roads and canals to take that coal to tide water. The Illinois coal field at various positions, such as ours at Cannelton, offers all the elements of a manufacturing dis- man and matter proximity to the raw mate rial iron yielding GO per cent. cotton, hemp, wool, &C. nearness to a vast market cheap living health good sites buildingmateriuls of best quality, and in free States. Where else in the wide world are all these natural advantages found? The more you look at the condition of manufacturing districts the greater will our advantages appear. Take a cotton manufactory of say 10,000 spindles, re quiring a capital of not over $200,000, making about 4,000,000 yards of cotton cloth; the dif ference in cost of cotton between us and Bos ton, and the freight, interest and insurance on the goods brought here is rather over one per cent, per yard 640,000 difference in one mill ! ! Steam factories are now making the b?st divi dends in New England; ci-al costs there 22 cents per bushel. The saving of fuel in the mill here would be 610,000 more saving in cheapness of living still more. Now how long are we to bear this burthen of 25 per cent.? How much longer are we to send our raw ma terial to a barren country, 1200 miles off, to be manufactured send provisions to feed the manufacturers pay the interest on rail roads and canals to do the transportation and then take our pay in a small quantity of the goods made up? We are not in Roman provinces and compelled to do the bidding of lordly mas ters ! Thiuk a little of thee matters and see your citizens who have the mind and the means to act and work out our full independence. Let us start all kinds of manufactories where God has made the most proper place for them. Let us make a start and wc will soon show that the "star of empire still moves westward." If you, and such men as you, will move, as you should, in this matter, we can, in twenty years, drive Old and New England fabricsout of every mar kent in the world. Yours truly, S. Negro Suffrage. The official vote on ne gro suffrage at the late election in Connecticut is published. Every county in the State gave a majority against it, and the State a majority of 13,7'J5 out of 25,3 !S votes cast, or nearly four to one. Funny Law-Suit. When Henry Campbell Esq., now Mayor of the city of Allegheny, was a candidate for election, a certain John Chess took the opposite side of the question, and even let his political feelings get so warm that he said, "If Campbell is elected Mayor I will leave the city!" Mr. O. S. Palmer, a friend of Mr. Campbell, heard this threat on the part of Mr. John Chess, and in presence of witnesses promised to give him, the said John Chess, ten dollars if he would keep his word and evacuate the city. Mr. Campbell was elected Mayor, and Mr. Chess, as good as his word, packed up his "traps" and left the good city of Alle gheny ,convinced that she was "joined to herpo litical idolsand that it was best to let her alone. In process of time he sent a bill to Mr. O. S. Palmer for the ten dollars which he consider ed he was entitled to for leaving the city. Mr. Palmer did not "fork up," whereupon Mr. Chess sued him before Esq. Ha) s for that a mount. The Pittsburgh Iron City, from which we gather these particulars, is of opinion that Mr. Palmer will have to fork over the X. THE CHOLERA. The following article exhibiting the progress thus far of that scourage of Nations, the Asi atic Cholera, and forecasting the amount of danger to be apprehended from its coming, if come it does, will be read with interest : The Great Scourge of humanity a scourge more awful than Ami a and his Huns more j terrible than the eruption of a volcano more devastating than the throes of an earthquake the Great Scourge of the Cholera is at this mo ment advancing towards us with silent but in domitable rapidity, if we may believe the in telligence received almost daily from the fron tiers of the Russian Empire. Its course is de scribed as being northwesterly, and it is said to have already penetrated into the interior of . Europe, uod Helena us irom the agonies ' respondent " which desolated the word in 1832 ! i -l The Philadelphia American says Theabove.l , ,r , from the London Sun of October 2d, the open-j Letter from Martin Van Buren. Mr. ing of a pretty long leader couched in language ' Van Buren, in a letter of the 20th ult., to the of similar character, expresses the feeling, al-! editor of the Wilkesbane (Pa.) Farmer and most amounting to panic, with which some of : Journal that he ha3 n0 (lesire for the our European contemporaries seem disposed to i .. J . f , regard the continued progress of the Oriental ' Presidency, and that, with his present feelings, pestilence, which threatens a renewal of the he would decline it if it were tendered to him calamities of 1S31-2. The Cholera is, in fact, by the whole Democracy of the Union. We once more in Europe, sweeping, with i all itajc 0 . from his letler lhe following para- vastation, along its accustomed path, from cast to west ; and, as we have every reason to suppose that it will pass Europe, and ultima tely disregarding the Darner ot the Atlantic, reach our own shores, as in 1831. We have j ergetic support of those who raised it to pow looked over our foreian files for notes of its . er. With a probable majority against it in progress, such as must naturally interest Amcr- ican readers The last intelligence that we have from Eng land shows that the Cholera i3 already at Riga, on the Baltic, which seems to be the most eas terly point it has reached, and from which it expends in a line S. S. E.. through Kieff. fKewl ' to Trebizond, on the Black Sea, and further South through Asiatic Turkey into Persia. It made its first appearance in Trebizond on the 8th of September, and in Riga on or before the 12th. Thirty cases were reported in Trebizond on the 11th, described as being not very viru lent. About the same number of cases daily, are reported at Erzeroum, (near Trebizond) where one-third of the cisea were fatal. The mortality in the Russian towns is 6tated at i two-third the number of cases. The disease existing circumstances, as well upon princi had not reached Constantinople, where it was pies of sound political morality as of national however, almost daily expected, (a latal case I expediency, be well regarded as out of season, had occurred on thejsteam'packet Sultan, com-1 The war cannot now be concluded with honor, ing fron Trebizond).and where a quarantine of, unless we receive from Mexico a just indemni observation had deen already established. Rig- ty for the past, and reasonable security for the ut quarantine relations hed been instituted at uenoe and Palermo; and theywere talked of at Malta and Marseiles. It is impossible to divest the mind of awe, and even terror, while brooding over the antic- 5th from Fort Leavenworth, bringing passen ipated advent of a dreadful epidemic, in which ' gers Commodore Stocktcn and Lt. Thompson, so many will apprehend the direct judgement j of the U. S. Navy. Lt. Gillespie, of the U. S. of God upon an age of light and wickedness. ! Marines; J. P. Norris, Secretary to Commodore But the ignorant suffer with the wise, and Stockton; Mr. Samuel J. Henoley, and forty- the wise are called upon and permittep to les-1 sen the affliction which would otherwise fall upon the massess with unequal weight. Ex perience has already proved that the resources of science in Europe and the United States are ! dent on the way. While encamped on Truck competent to the successful resistance of the j ey's river, the party was attacked at night by East Indian plague, whose ravages were les sened, and in many instances, prevented, du ring its former visitation, fifteen years ago; and now, with a better knowledge, of it than was then enjoyed, we have every reason to be lieve that, should it visit us again, it will pre sent few of its former terrors. Nor is there, perhaps, any occasion to ex pect that its passage to the New World will be a speedy one. Looking back to the rocordsof its former occurrence, (from which we may compute its rate of travel,) we find that it made its appearance m Eastern Kussia in tne fall of 1830: at Moscow, for example, on the 2Sth of September. It was not until thirteen months afterwards that it reached England, (it broke out at Sun derland, on the 28th of October, 1831.) and it was not until the 8th of June, 1832, that it ap peared at Quebec, upwards of twenty months after its appearance at Moscow. Anticipating for it a similar rate of progression now, (and experience shows a remarkable uniformity, generally speaking, in its advance,) there would seemlittle occasion to expect its appear ance in England before next October, or in A- merica before the summer of 1849 Science and benevolence, however, aTe new busily enaazed in watching its steps. Gov ernments and municipalities stand in readiness to prepare, at a moments warning for its ap proach ; and we may expect its coming here after, should it come, assured that it cannot take us by surprise ,and equally assured that all the resources of knowledge and humanity will be in requisition to deprive it of its dangers. Immigrants. 13,600 immigrants arrived at the port of New York during the month of Oc tober. CC-Tlt is stated that the number of emi grants to Canada who have died in three months on shipboard, or after they were lauded, is erren thousand one hundred and forty. Kendall ofJthe Picayune, and "Mustang," of the Delta. "Mustang," the army corres pondent of the New Orleans Delta, thus hu-. morously explains the manner in which him self and Kendall were "horribly wounded." "Among others of the unfortunate wounded who are doing remarkably well, is Mr. Ken dall, of the Picayune, volunteer aid-de-camp to Gen. Worth, and your modest but humble servant. Mr. Kendell you will findin the.list of wounded slightly. I do not think his wound was considered dangerous from the first, as the ball struck him "right plump in his horse's ear!" and at the. present time he looks to be in as fine health and spirits as Ijhave ever teen him, and as well as a "war-worn soldier" might expect to be. I was so unfortunate my self as to be struck right in my horse's saddle: but the ball was spent and did not go through the saddle-skirt; therefore, as yet," have not suffered any inconvenience from it." I also happened to be caught in bad company at the garita, and, with several others, was knocked head-over-heels by the explosion of a shell, but being in a hurry to pick myself up, I trod up on an officer, who pettishly said I had "no bus iness there anyhow!" therefore I don't count that as any thing, as I hurt somebody else worse than I was hurt myself; now, having "taken a bath, brushed off the smoke and dust of battle," and between good liquor, good ci gars, and a moderate share of the balance of the good things of this world, "am as comfort able as might be expected under the existing circumstances." Having neglected to have my name put down on the list of wounded un til after it had been made out, that all the world, and "my numerous frieuds in particu lar," might kuow that "I, too, wa3 hurt," will excuse this paragraph from your modest cor- graph: Scarcely ever has the essential welfare of the country been in a more critical condition, or its administration in greater need of the en- the popular branch of the National Legislature, and but a small, and it is to be regretted, not a very harmonious majority m its iavor in the Senate, it may be called upon to vindicate the nast. and will be obliged to surmort. nossiblv for an indefinite period, a distant and difficult foreign war. The existence, of that war has re- ceived the official sanction of every department 1 tlio niwornmont wltlfh t rpmiirpt hv th.A Constitution, and is due to the future fame, as well as the present prosperity of this great na tion, that it be triumphantly sustained. What ever may hereafter be the propriety of institut ing inquiries into the necessity of its occur rence with a view to the just responsibility to public opiuion of our public servants, such an investigation may, at this time, and under mture. Arrival of Commodore Stockton. The steamer Meteor arrived at St. Louis on the one others. This nartv left Sacramento vallev. Califor- i j - - - m nia, on the 19th of July, and came by the up per route. They met with but little of nvci- a band of Washu Indians. Commodore Stock ton was slightly wounded, while lying in his bed, by an Indian arrow. four horses belong ing to the attacked party were badly woun ded. As soon as the alarm was given, the Indians retreated, without doing further mis cewf. There was some snow in the California mountains, but on this side the mountains and plains were barren, and for the rest of the jour ney the rivers were found low, and the weath er continued dry. Many emigrants were met on the way, both for Oregon and California. They all seemed getting along very well. A number of bands of Indians, Siox, Paw nees, Cheyennes, &c, were found encamped along the Flatte. They uniformity sent out deputations to "talk" with Commodore S., and expressed very friendly feelings. They desir ed the Commodore to say to their Father at Washington, that they were anxious to enjoy the benefits of civilization, like, their brethren of the Lower Missouri. They wanted an gent seut to them; also implements of husbandry, &c. Thev were tired of war and hunting, and had at last become convinced of the greater importance of civilization. New Jerset Election. The New York Ex press, of Wednesday evening, says: The maiority against Mr. Wright, the Whig candidate, will be from 1,000 to 1,500, This disaffection among the Whigs has not affected the legislative body. Bothhouses will be w ing. The crincirjle obiectionacainstMr. Wright, made by those Whigs who refused to vote for him, was that uz ran against the regular Whig candidate for Coneress in 1843. and, with the aid of the Locofocos, was elected. We very much reeret the result, although it was expect ed by many good judges of public opinion in Sew Jersey CCfThe Lynn News 6ays, the latest name for bustle is lack gammon TilMW4SinANA ISSUE. The State Bank of Indiana has just had en graved by Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edson, of this city, new plates of its issues of Fives, Tens and Twenties. It is the intention of the Directory to call in their old issue, as soon as possible, and replace them with these. Only a small amount of the new notes are yet ia cir culation. The mechanical execution of these notes, done under the superintendence of Mr. Jones, who has charge of Messrs. Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edson's office in this city, has never been sur passed in the United States. The designs are beautiful, and in exceedingly good taste. The vignette is the same on each denomination the State arms in front, witha farmer seated on the right, grasping in his right hand the handle of an axe, with the axe itself resting by his side on the ground; his left hand gracefully thrown back, and extended toward another farmer gath ering corn in the back ground. On the left is the figure of Justice, with her sword and bal ances, and still further to the left, in the back ground, the capital of the State. Surmounting the entire vignette is a spread eagle, his wings extend from the centre of the headof the farmer to the same point over the head of justice. On the upper corners of the fives are larga figures indicating the denomination, with chil dren holding bunches of wheat, encircle the fig ures. On the right lower corner is the Goddess of Liberty, standing, her left arm reclining on the top of a figure live, and holding the olive branch in her right hand, with the usual atten dants in the back ground. On the correspond ing corner, at the left, is one of the most pleas ant and beautiful female faces we ever looked upon. Centrally at the lower edge of the note, between the President's and Cashier's signature, is another large figure five. On the tens at the right lower corner is the full length figure of an Indian girl, her leftarm elevated, holding an ear of corn, while the left arm falls on her side, the hand resting on the letter X. On the upper corner is the denomi nation in figures. On the left end at the low er corner is a buffalo, in the centre a fancy 10, and at the upper corner a stag. Faintly printed 10s are stamped through the right and left cen tre, below the main letter line. The twenties have a fail statue female figure on the centre of the right end, with the word "twenty" at the comers above and below. Figures "20" are placed at the right of the vig nette above, and at the lower left corner of the note. At the bottom of both tens and twenties are the Roman characters which mark the denominations, corresponding in position with numeral of the fives. The engraving throughout is bold, distinct, and in every respect finally executed. The drawing is also beautifully done. The entire work reflects the highest credit upon the au thor; and must convince all impartial minds that it is not worth while to go farther east than Cincinnati to find some of the most skill ful workers in this line to be met with any where. We predict there will be few suc cessful counterfeits of these notes. Ci'ncinna ti Chron. From, the Bmlirr Jimnthnn. THE DEATH OF HA.KRISOX.. BV N. P. WILLIS. What! soar'd the old engle to die nt the sunt Lies he stiff with )rend wing at l lie goal he had won; Are there Fjiirits, more blest tlinn tbc jilnnets of even. Who mount to their zenith, then melt into Heaven No waning of fire, no quenching of ray. But rising, still rising when passing away? Farewell, gnllant eagle! thoo'rt burried in ligl.t! God speed unto Heaven, lxt star of our night! Death! Death in the White House'. Ah, never Wore, Trod his skeleton foot on the President's floor! Ho is look'd for in hovel, ami dreaded in hall The kjng in his clow keeps hatchment and pall Theyou'.h in his birth-place, the old man at home, Make clean from the door-elone the path to the tonih; But the lord of this mansion was cradled not hero In a churchyard far ofTtands hU beckoning bier! He is here as the wave-crest heaves flashes on high- As the arrow is stop'd by its prize hi the sky The arrow to earth, and the foBin to the shore Ecath fuuls them when swiftness and spnrkle aro o'er But Harrison death fills the climax of stoiy He went with his old stride from glory lo glory! Lay his sword on his breast! There's no spot on its blade la whose kankrring breo th his bright laurels will fuck! Twos the first to led on at humanity's call It wasstay'd withsweet mercy wltsn "glory" wai all! b culiuin the council m gallant in war. He fought for his country, snd not itsuhurrh!" In tlie path of tLe Itero with pity he trod Let him pass with his sword to the presence of God! What more! Shall we on, wiih his ashes! Yet. May! lie hath rul'J the wide realm of king, in his day! At his word, like a monarch's, weut treasure and land! The bright gold of thousands has pass'd. thro Lis hand Is there nothing to show of his glittering hoordc No jewel to deck the rude hilt of his sword- No trappings a horses? what hod he but now? On! on with his ashes! he leflbut his plough! Brave old Cincinnatus! Unwind ye his sheet! Let him sleep as he liv'd witk hit fukse at hit feet!, Follow now as ye list! The first mourner to-day-Is the nation whose father is taken away! Wife, childre n and neighbor, may moon al his knelt He was "lover and friend" to his country, as well! For die stars on our banner, grown suddenly dim. Let us weep; in our darkness but weep not for him! Not for him who, departing, leaves millions in tears! Not for him who has died full of honor and years! Not for him who ascended Fame's ladder to high From the round at the top he has stepped to the sky! It is blessed to go when so ready to die! PRIVATE BOARDING HOUSE. ri'UL' ..n1nnlimwl hna nneneH & Private Boarding House in the Brick Building on Wa- 'JX, ter Street, above Main, known as tlie W ntel- n ...... Mw nliiRft m to keco a house lor tne ac- commodation of Gentlemen principally. 1 here are, however, three or tour very pleasant rooms in tho f louse which can be fitted up lor the accommodation of small families. The table shall not be surpassed N.i4thWCitr- A. FARXSWORTII. COTTON Yarn. Constantly on hand and for sale the best quality of Cotton Yam by i may 4 if. A. L.Vl'GllLIN, Water sv.