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THE EVANSVILLE JOURNAL,
PKISTED AND PUBLISHED BY WM. II. CHANDLER & CO. The Tri-Weeklv Journal is published on Tues days, Thursdays, and JSaturdaya.at $4,00 per annum, in advance. Th Weekly Journal is published on Thursdays, at $2,00 per annum, in advance. FOR PRESIDENTS ZACIXAB.-S' TATTXiOIL. CITY OF EVANSVILLE) SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 184. CGf-There was a rumor in town last even ing, but how it came we could not learp, that Captain Bethell and several of his company were killed in an engagement with the Mexi cans on the march to Puebla. We have seen no papers from New Orleans later than the 4th, and they contained no new from the army. Nor have the Louisville papers of yesterday anvthing later by telegraph. We received no Eastern papers by niil last night, 't . - CCJ- We return thanks to Messrs. Taylor & Harvey for late Cincinnati and Louisville pa pers. NEW YORK. ELECTION. Fish, for Lieutenant Governor, is ahead about 27 ,000. There are 26 Whigs and 6 Locosolec- ted to the Senate, and 94 Whigs and 22 Locos to the House. The Senate will have about 20 Whig majority and the House 66 to 13. The New York Tributu eaja, "We estimate the majority on the Whig State Ticket at 30, 000 to 50,000. We can't afford to put Fill rnore's below 50,000. Our lowest man wil probably have 20,000, and cannot fall so low as 10,000. The State Administration for the yearensu ing will consist of John Youno, of Livingston co., Governor Hamilton Fish, of New York, Lieut. Gov Christopher Mobqas, of Cayuga, Secretary of State. Millabd Fillmore, of Erie, Controller. Alvah IIujtt, of Chenango, Treasurer. Ambrose L. Jordan, of New York, Attor ney General. Chableb B. Stcabt, of Monroe, State Engl neer. J. Hikpb, Orleans, N. J. Beach, Lewis, and Chableb Cook, of Chemung, Canal Commis sioners. New Jebsey Election. The Whigs have carried 1 2 Sena'ors to 7, and In the Assemb they have 39 members to 20 Locos. The Loco Louisiana Election. la Louisiana, so far as heard from, the Whigs have gained one Sen ator and three Representatives. The Whigs have two Senators and seventeen Represents 1 1 ves the Locofocos two Senators and twelve Representatives. Mr.Thibodeaux (Whig) is re elected to Congress, and the returns so far a; bo indicates there-election ofSuSere(Loco.) Connecticut TJ. S. Senator! Hon. Truman Smith. (M. C.) of Litchfield, and Mr. 8trong, of Norwich spoken ofaacadidates for the vacan cy in the United States Senate, occasioned by the death of the Hon. Jbe? W. Huntington, whose term extends to 1851. As the legisla ture does not meet until May, the Appointment will probably be wade forthwith by Gov, Bis ell. (CyThe telegraph announces a break in the Miami canal near Toy.aaLi to be a serious one, caused by high water in the Miami river, It wijl probably be repaired iu a week oj ten days. ' CGTThe third Tennessee regiment, com manded by Col Cheathem, arrived at new Or leans on the evening of the 3rd on the steam es Gov, Jonzt aod Tennessee. They were immediately transferred to the ships Boston and Palestine, lying off the Point, CQTThe Louisville Journal of yesterday says the river has risen a few inches only in the last twenty four hours. Last evening there were 9 feet 2 inches water in the canaL At Pittsburgh on Wednesday evening, tliere were 3i feet water in the channel of the river and falling at Cincinnati on Thursday evening it had lallen two feet. Jt has been raininghere for the last tva days; and the river is rising slowly. Generous. The Sons of Temperance of Nashville appropriated $500 for the relief of the sufferers by the recent explosion in that .city. The money had been set apart to defray he expenses of a grand celebration and public dinner; but they jyefeed, in accordance with hat great fundamental principle of their or ganization which commands them to relieve the distressed, to abandon the dinner, and be atow the money oa this mote worthy ob ject TADVr.RTI,t- Blackwood's Magazine says VS" 18 bwt e way of obtaining business publicity; one way at obtaining publicity d verttsmeutji. The Kewspapn nm the fly-wheel Jy winch the mot,iv power of business mter- jtwc is summed, aul Money the steam which the advertising h kept going. Fbom Mexico. The New Orleans Picayune, of the 2d inst,, contains letters from Buena Vista which reached N. Orleans by the way of Washington city, and are of course rather old. The matter of the following paragraphs, how ever, willibe new to our readers: Camp Buena Vista, Sept. 17, 1847. But to the action of the Government of Zaca- tecas ouite recentlv a lew or forced loan was made upon an ine muaDiiants, irrespective ui birth-n ace. and everv nerson wno reiusea 10 pay the required sum was compelled to pay double. Thev even come down upon Mr. Pen- nv. the English director of the mint at Maza- pil, for a thousand dollars, and, upon his refus ing payment, forcibly seized SADUO. ihey also collected 8300 lrom Dr. Morrison. We have reDorts 'here, and from undoubted authority, that Gov. Aguirre is doing his best to orzamze guerniia parties in mis .state, iu me neighborhood of Monclova, but it is said wiih no flattering success; and he has and will have emissaries in this region to assist him in his plans, there can'be no doubt, but the authori ties are so well assured tnat mev win oe mane to suffer in direct proportion to his success that they will not lend a hand if thes can help It, earing they may adjust a rope aooui men own necks. He is said to be a very talented man and an excellent lawyer and certainly manages his cae very shrewdly. Headquarters, Buena Vista, Sept. 19. 1S17 Tattoo, Since I closed my last, Rafael Arispe, one of a numerous iamiiv in oaitiuu. ery uuauic iu r l k o , . -1 1 4js the Amencans, and Don Uirterni, wno nave been expressing themselves very strongly azainst Americans generally, and the govern mentoiuen. wool, and uttering numeium threats: have been hauled over the coals by the Ueneral, and ordered euner to lurnisn a mous and dollars each as security for their Rood be . . m . " 1 a 1 havior or leave the city within twenty-four hours. The time has expired, and as I have not heard of the money's being forthcoming it is presumable that they have adopted the alter native. It is high time that some of the Sal- tillo ton of the same kidney as these two wor thies were taken down a peg. Fbom VebA Cauz. The Washington Union says that no despatches had been received by the steamer Alabama from Gen. Scott a army, It publishes the following extract of two let ters; . Vera Cruz, October IS, 1S47. Every thine was quiet in Mexico. At Quer ntrt 1h onrprnmpnt. such as it is. WSS get tine more Dacific. Senor Pena y Pena had or dered Santa Anna back foi trial; but whether he would go Is very uncertain. His troops which he brought back to Puebla, and those under Alvercz and Rea, who joined htm, as soon as thev heard that Gen. Lane was march inz on. deserted him bv companies. He was at last dates, at San Andres. Other import ant information has reached us that Senor Cuevas, former minister, had been called into the are not Scott has now m the citv of Mexico, win hnr. ry on the desire to negotiate, before it is too late, or, in fact, befor their nationality is lost altogether. Gen. Patterson will move up in all this week. Gen Lane will find no difficulty in 1 w a i ... .... rescuing ruenia, ana vol, unids will be much relieved by his presence. Vera Cruz. Oct. 20. 1SJ7 I had the honor to address vou on th Iftth and although the extra of to-day'a Genius of LiiDerty gives intelligence from above, which does notlook so pacific, I believe Pena y Pena .,1 sit!.... c v: i i uu viucia ii Hissimnp, win inauce uongress to make peace; and as regards Paredes the more he works for his party, the nearer are we to negotiation. All around the city of Mexico there is a large peace party, and 1 have reason to believe there are many of the most respectable citizens in Vera Cruz, Jalapa, and Puebla, who are ardent ly wishing for peace, or, rather, that thev could be assured that the stars and stripes" would float over their and their children's heads. Vera Cruz, early morning o20A Oct. Day before yesterday about a dozen of Hays's raagers encountered some 200 guerrillas out towards Santa Fe. The Mexicans charged on them, but the Texians very coolly dismounted, waited till thev came within about 30 vnrila and poured a volly of rifles into them, unsad dling a number. The rascals being reinforced attempted another charge, but were this time met witn ixus revolvers, the Texans never budging an inch! The "boys" all came in safe. The rangers are the verv men for thes. truer. rillas, and are worth four times their number of anv other mounted men I have seen here. Yellow ferer is still taking off its victims here. A letter to the New Orleans Bee, from the Rio.Grande, says: " Two hundred Government horses were sold at public auction, a few days -fc"i mmui oauiutc, uui averaging more than ten dollars a bead, They probably coat 'each ten times that sum." This reminds us of the transactions of Florida wif when steamboat wood was the fur- muucu iu me wiMcrnmeni at nny dollars per oofd, and bacon which cost the Government iwflvc cents a pound was sold at two and three fents, and bought up by contractors to be again sold to Uncle Sam. When we see the itemt in the account of the Mexican war, this sale of horses will, by comparison, prove to be i mere circumstance. Many large fortunes will be made by4Governmet favorites at the expense of the people of the Ujiited States. Tliere are a class of men in this country who, if consulted, would never have the country in a state of peace; not that they figb! the battles of the country, or are inspired by the ambition to win a name. No such ideas enter into their heads. They stay at home and make money. Jobs and contracts are the fields of their ambi tion, and the greater the expense incurred by the country the wider is the field of their ex- ploits. PeJtrbburg futd. cabinet. His reply was : "lf negotiations opened, I will join you; otherwise, I can s' and so he has accepted. That is the last rtT-Our readers would perhaps like to know what our friend across the water think of this War of ours with Mexico, at the same time tht they show no disposition in any way to inter fere with or to obstruct it. The following paragraphs will serve to enlighten them on this head : From the London " Times." "But the moment we arrive at this point we are met by various political considerations, pe cular to the institutions of the United States, which render the solution of the questions ex tremely complicated. Mr. Polk undertook this war on his own account, and it has prov ed to be the principal affair of his Presidency. The attraction of military adventure and the pride of military success have induced the peo ple of the United State to endorse his bill and to recuit his armies, and we have accordingly seen the Chief Magistrate of what was once the model of pacific Governments indulging him self in the royal luxury of a bloody war. All this may be of some temporary advantages so dearly bought by the nation will prove fatal to those who have speculated in them, unless the burdens of the war can be terminated with this campaign, and unless this campaign can be closed with an amount of success sufficient to screen the enormous injustice of the invsion :In the present state of public opinion in the world, we should have thought it extroordlna ry if the most absolute of Europeans Sovereigns had dared embark in such a war; but that a man, temporarily invested with alimitedpow er like that of the President of the United States, should, by his own will and pleasure. have pluneed his country in such ft series of embarrassments, is. without exception, the most extraordinary event which has ever oc curred in the history of any modern republic The sequel will show whether the mere pres tige of military achievements is sufficient to overthrow all the principles on which the Constitution of the United States is professed to be founded." 'Re-Appearasce or the Famine in Ire land. At a meeting of the Repeal Associa tion, held in Dublin, Oct. 4, Mr. bcully, rep resentative of the county ot Tipperary, in Par liament, on taking the chair, said: "Last year famine had visited them, and he feared it was coming on them again. It might be but that distress had not yet made its ap pearance, said he could state, as a fact, that it had alrcadv made its appearance in Tipperary one of the richest counties in the country. So much so, inoeed, that great exertions should be made if the people were not to be allowed to perish. To save them from starvation, he 6nnc in R mn nnn 1 v would also procure another 1,500,000 from the tithe charges, and from the useless expense of sup porting police and military forces in the coun try. He would also keep the corn at home to save the double freight of sending it to Liv erpool and back, and paying the Liverpool fac tor double price for it. It was incuxbent on government io step in and purchase it, therefore save the people from starvation." and "It is to be hoped that this dreadul scourge will not visit devoted Ireland again; but we fear it may to some extent. It is certain that the crops mere, and throughout Europe, have been much heavier this year than last, but it is equally certain, the crop of Great Britan is not sufficient to feed its inhabitants, and the monetary affairs of the country are in such it i ' t m . state, tnai it is impossiDie lor them to import any great quantity of breadstuffs. Indeed appears that the two past years have so exhaus ted Great Britain of the precious metals, that the country is almost bankrupt in money, and we fear they will find it almost as difficult to supply the deficiency of the. harvest this year as the last, although the quantity required will be much less, and prices much lower. Important to provision packers. A high ly respectable English house engaged in the provision business with this country, in a let ter to a. correspondent, a merchant of this city, among other things, writes the following which we are permitted to extract: "Our crop of hogs in England will be ready in March, and the large quantity of damaged Indian corn, as food, is likely to produce a quantity double that of any former year, and the high price of pork will induce our Engl ise farmers to sell all ik w i .a i . iney an spare, i tninn me porn mat goes forward before March will sell for the best pri ces. It is no use to send hams from your sec tion, as they will not pay the expense. The Western cure has a name attached to it that will make it very difficult to sell. Lard is the best article, in good barrels, with real tare, but I am sorry to tell you that your Western tare is considered a dead shave. Do try to get ac tual tares in your business it sounds so hon est." The suggestion contained in this extract are imponunt, ana, n luuy considered, may save " a i ii v a dealers in provision from heavy loss. There is a tendency in the maiket to put up pork to a high notch, perhaps too high for the prospect which is presented in the demand abroad, or at home. Everything, of late, is taking a specu lative turn, and we should be pardoned in ur ging our dealers to be cautious in the invest ments which they may make in provisions, at the prospective high rates. They may lose all that they made in last year's business. St. JJtnit Krp THE SOCIAL CONDITION OF ENGLAND. We make the following extract from a pro foundly interesting article in the last number of the North American Review, in which the influence of British institutions in reducing immense masses of people to hopeless poverty is traced with a master's hand: Since the beeinnin? of the present century the nation of the IliEhlanders or Gauls, the descendants of the ancient Celts, now reduced to 340,000 souls, has been almost entirely ex pelled jrom its home by the very persons whom it regarded as its chietiains ana to wnom it had shown lor so many centuries an entnu siastic devotion. The territory which they had cultivated from generation to generation, under a fixed rent, has been taken from them and devo ted to the pasturage of nocks, guarded by herds men who were strangers; their houses and villages have been razed to the eround, or de stroyed bv fire, while the unhappy people have iorcea euner iu uuim auuu vu -suuic and endeavor to maintain their miserable exist ence by fishing; or to ;cross the ocean to seek their fortune in the back settlements of Amer- ica. As this revolution took place in a distant and almost barbarious region, of which the very language was unknown in otner parts oi me empire, it auractea at ursi out tunc locu tion. But when it became known in England that some of these people had waited till a mil itarv force arrived to expel them from their villages, and sometimes bad driven away the soldiers by a shower of stones; that they had been beard to entreat that they might be mas sacred with their wives and children on the era ves of their fathers, rather than be sent " f t : l -uJ away IO pensn in misery aim kuauuuuuiciu, to a world wnicn wisnea not to receive uiem, and where no nlace was reserved for tht m, uni versa 1 sympathy was excited, it was -reported that the agent had been compelled to set fire to their bouses, and even that an oia man, or according to other accounts, and old woman refusing to lea e her cabin to encounter misery and exile, her presence did not stop the mcen diarv. and the victim had perished in the flames. Then the public mdignai ion wiowea itself in a manner which could be neither mis taken nor braved. The Duchess of 2uther land thouzht she did not merit the severe inrWment which was rrnssed UDOn her con duct, and it was to lustnv ner at me oar oi . e . , - . rtublic ODinion that the book of her agent was published. He has tried to prove, and he has done it successfully, that the Duchess has exer cised only her acknowledged legal rights, and in so doing has bad regard to the perservation of the existence of her vassals, for which she felt that she was responsible. The ancestors of this kdy were proprietors of about three-fourths of the county ot Suther land, in the most northern part of Scotland. Their possessions measured about one million of English acres. When the Countess of Suth erland inherited these domains, which she broueht as a dowrv to the Marquess of Staf ford. Since created Duke of Sutherland, their DODulation did not exceed 12,000. The rev enue obtained bv the proprietor from her vas sals, was so small that it might be considered rather as an acknowledgement ot sovereignty than as a rent. It appears that as late as 1811 each (amilr was bound to an annual payment -J AAl'tn- lew oays- ta"jrjrTOft the other hand, every man born upon these do mains was required to spare neither his blood nor his life in defending the sovereignty and honor of the family of which he considered himself as a member. Mhoi-Fhear Chattaibh, as he was called in Gaelic, or The great Man of Sutherland, had always found his compan ions in arms readv to defend him. t th wril of their lives, against every enemy, whether foreign or domestic. The population was pretty equally distribu ted over the whole district. Every valley had its hamlet; the arable land was devoted to the cultivation of barley and oats, and the hills were given to the pasturage of the cattle. The people were poor, as labor and pasturage were their chief resources: the climata wa vr the winters long, and they had neither manu facturers, commerce, nor money. But they had generally enough to sunnlv" th?ir wants. and even when the wrath of Heaven sometimes destroyed their harvest, and decimated them and their herds bv famine, thev knew hnv m submit with resignation, because the hand of uauuau uu jwii ia ineir sunerings. Between the rears 1811 000 inhabitants, forming about 3000 families, were driven away, or, to use Mr. Loch's soften ed expression, removed, from th whr1 inioi-;. or of the country. All their villages were de molished or burnt, and all their fields converted into pasture. A similar clearing was made, al most simultaneously, bv the ownorsnf tho roct of the country, and their examples were soon lunowea oy me great proprietors in Ross and Cromarty counties, and generally throughout wo iiuiiu ui ocotiana. jir. ixcn assures us that the Duchess of Sutherland has shown far more numanitv than anv of her npiohhnm- h ims interested nerseu in tne late ot the exiles, has offered tbem a retreat on her own territo ry, and, on taking awav from them 794.000 i,- . ii - acrrs. oi which they bad been in possession from time immemorial, she has generously left them about 6,000. or two acres to a familr. Th land thus granted to them, however, had never oeen cultivated, and bad yielded no income to the proprietor. Still, it was notconceeded to them gratuitously: thev are subject to a moder ate rent of two and a half shillings an acre. and no leases are granted to them for more than seven years; but they are assured that the leases shall be renewed for another term of sev en years, if the land should be well cultivated. Mr. Loch informs us that the fate of these ex iles has not been so deplorable as the fnrehn. der. Some, it is true, were unwilling to re ceive any thing from her who had driven them irora tneir nome. ihe clan tiunn, or the Mc Hamish after leaving the mountains of KUn. nan, and the valleys of Naver and Helmsdale quiiieti uie country entirely, and we are not told what has become of them. But with the exception of this tribe, and of 32 families from :.i.j . i - ... . atramorora, who left for America in 1818 and iBiy, the clansmen, weare told, have almost all accepted the lota offered them hv ttu Duchess. They have been aided by her in building their new naDiiations, and in attempting to cultivate the ground w hich had hitherto remained a waste. The territory of which the Duchess has thus reclaimed possession has been divided Dy her agent, Mr. Loch, into twenty-nine great farms, very unequal in extent, some of them being arger than the department of the Seine of France. . These farms, intended solely for the pasturage of sheep, are each inhabited by a sin gle family, and as the kind of labor required upon mem is anew ining in ocuuanu, vuij English farm servants are employed. As ear ly as le'-iU, the place of the brave men wno lor merly shed their blood in defence of Mhoir Fhear Chattaibh was filled by 131,000 sheep, and their number is now doubtles increased.'; , No human voice is now heard within the tai row passes ot those hills once made illustrious by the cambats of an ancient race; no one any" longer calls to mind their glorious recollec tions; the valleys have no more any hamlets; ' no accent of joy or grief any longer troubles those vast solitudes; but the heir of the Earl of. Southerland, who is established for the future in England, many hundreds of miles distant from the country of his maternal ancestorsan' repose and enjoy himself for his ancient vas sals; in his magnificent abode at Trantham he can display a royal pomp, and encourage by his luxury the manufactures of England. Judo e Rea b' or OHioff-Attempt at Rapb.- We see by the Cincinnati papers that the per son whose name heads this paragraph',' who is one of the' Judges of the supreme Court of Ohio, is charged with an attempt at rape upon some one in Cleveland. We find the follow ing pargraphs in reference to if in the Cleve land Herald, of the 5th inst,-, If the accusa tions are true, it is to be hoped that Hit Honor will be led from the judicial bench to the criminal's box and sent thence to the peniten tiary: ; . . "High times! high times, indeed!" exclaimed the worthy Mrs. Partington when told this morning that a supreme judge was last night ejected from one hotel and refused admittance into the other three pest.intown; out, she added bringing down her spectacles with a jerk. "served mm ngni: servea mm ngm: " "jr. t.s 'When a monster of iniquity is unfortunately" raised to a judicial station, public protection demands that he should.be shorn of Lis unde served honors, ard abased, at least to a posi tion where the influence of office will not give an undue sanction to his corruption. When the judicial ermine covers a mass of moral pu trifaction, whose pestilential odor ia calculated to infect the whole community, it is not only right but it becomes the absolute duty of those in power to strip it thence and leave the was ted, whitened carcass of the moral leper open to public view to scorn, detestation, aud con tempt. , . . . , Those acquainted wiih"circurnstancts will have no diihculty in applying this article with out our assistance; those who are not must ex cuse us if we decline detailing conduct too'dis gusting for a newspaper article,' but of a char acter which we trust will bring it to the notice of proper authorities and result in removing from our supreme ben .h a man who has dis graced it. The Cholera. The foreign papers by the Philadelphia, bring the following accounts of the progress of the Cholera Vmm imWg, in Gallicia, it arrived at Jassy, in Molldavia, and that a cor don sanitaire will be established along the Aus trian frontier. It isexpected that the Diet of Gillicia will be assembled before January next. Another paper says that it is not at Jassy, but at Odessa, that the scourge of the cholera has broken out, and that it has also appeared in Moscow. The last statement is also confirm ed by letters in the Augsburg Gazette. "Private letters from St. Petersburg, of the 24th September, say that the cholera continued to advance, and nearly by the same route by which it arrived in 1831. It had reached the environs of Toula, (distant 40 miles from Mos cow.) Iu intensity differed according to the localities. As formerly, the greater number of victims belonged to the poorer classes above all, those addicted to the use of spirituous li quors but it also attacked persons in easy cir cumstances. "Letters from Southern Russia stae, that the cholera there had made numerous victims. Whole villages had been depopulated, a phe nomenon that did not occur in 1831-2." Gen. Tatlob. The, announcement by tel egraph a few days ago was predicted upon the following from the Washington Union of Sat urday night: .-. ..;. ' It is understood that Gen. Taylor who has been absent from his family and private busi ness for more than two years and a half, and during the whole of that time has been engag ed in the most important and arduous duties has asked for leave of absence to return to the United States for six months. His letter to that effect was received by the Adjutant General yesterday evening; in the courscof which Gen Taylor states that he thinks in consequence of the present character of the war, his services may not be. wanted at this time. He purposes to remove to Matamoros early this month where he awaits the answer of the Government, and expresses a desire to be in New Orleans by the first of December. We understand the leave of absence has been granted to him ; and we have no doubt that, if events should arise to call for his services on that frontier, he will fly to place himself at the head of bis gallant army. ' Religious Destitution is Virginia. Bish op Johns of Virginia, relate the following ia the General Episcopal Convention in, N. York last week : "At a recent meeting of the Bible Societv for Virginia, it was repo.ted that there are 16.- 000 families without the word of God. He knew more than one county where there was no edifice to the worship of God. aud no min ister of any denomination whatever. Th depth of their ignorance was amazing. A min ister was summoned to attend the couch of a dy ing man, and on examining him as to his reli gious faith, found that he had never even heard of Jesus Christ, but as an oath. Nor was this a solitary case. Two females were called to testify in court on an important business. On questioning them, previous, to swearing them, it was ascertained to the astonishment of both judge and jury that they had never neard ot either the Bible or of God! '.