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THE EVANSVILLE JOURNAL.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY WM. H. CHANDLER & CO. The Tri-Weekly Journal is published on Tues days, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at $4,00 per annum, in ndvance. Thn Weekly Joctssal is published on Thursdays, at $2,00 per annum, in advance. FOE r Jt ESI DENT: ZACnAIlY TAYLOR. CITY OF EVANSVILLE: SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1818. (X3 We expected to be able to lay the Gov ernor's Message before oux readers to-day, but last night's mail brought nothing in the shape of such a document. We have done our best to keep alive some tiling like an excitement in relation to this matter, but we fear that it has all died away, a ad we hardly know whether it will pa to cumber our columns with it, should it ever come to hand. We are serious when we say this. CCj-Thc Publisher of the Democrat is re quested to have a copy of his paper left at this office. We haye not received one for two weeks. Last M'epk we borrowed one from a neighbor. The editor of the Gleaner, at New Harmony is also requested to furnish us a copy of his pa per. We have received but three numbers since it commenced. We are particular to have all our exchanges receive the Journal regular, and we are sometimes at a loss when they "come jup missing." We like to see what is going on. Moke Trouble for Mb. Folk. It will be recollected that the bill for the payment of claims for French spoliations, which passed the last Congress, was vetoed by the President. The money was -.ranted to carry on the war with Mexico, and the "unconstitutional" Pre sident at once shoved aside thoje who had for years been applicants to Government for jus tice, to bestow the money on his friend Santa Anna. We are glad to learn that the Repre sentatives of the people are not disposed to give the matter up. The committee on For eign Relations of the House of Representa tives, by a vote of four to two, have instructed the Honorable Truman Smith, chairman of the Committee, to" report a bill appropriat ing five millions of dollars for the payment of claims for French spoliations, the money to be paid in five per cent, stock. The .bill, we learn, is similar to the act of the previous Congress vetoed by Mr. Polk, and that a very large majority of the Home, are in favor of it, and also that it will certainly pass the Senate. It is placed pearly upon the calender, and will, therefore, under thn new rules, be acted upon at an early day. The bill has been reported and referred to the committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. Mr. Polk and Santa Anna. In the House of Representatives on the 4th inst., Mr. Gog gin offered a resolution calling upon the Pre sident for copies of all correspondence between this Government and our officers of the army and nary, and with Santa Anna, in relation to his return to Mexico, in 18-16. The resolution was passed by the overwhelming vote of 145 15 ! So we are to have the history of that "pass," after all the attempts to keep the mat ter dark. Prentice says the President must now put in bis answer, and both answer and answerer will have to go through a terrible or deal. All his official power cannot give him a safe "pass" through it. - Gun a Percha. We published on Thurs same account of a newly discovered substance styled gutta percha, which is said to be far su perior to India-rubba, and applicable to all pur poses, Mr. Day, the great India-rubber dealer residing in Courtlaud street, New York, is about going into the manufacture of it on an exten sive scale. From the N. Y. Commercial of the 31st. we learn that Among the passengers who sailed vesterday in the ship Talbot for Singapore, is Mr. A. D. Wycoft who has been sent out by Mr. Ho race ii. uay to resale in the la nan Archipelego mainly for the purpose of instructing the na tives in gathering and preparing for shipping the aew substance recently discovered, called f-iuia percia, or vegetable leather, which is be ieved by Mr. Day to be far superior to leather, India-rubba, or any similar substance now in use. His enterprise con'ains within itself the aeeds of its own reward. Mr. Wycoff goes pruviueu wun Doners ana ail tne neces-sary p purtenanccs. COT We learn that the family of Mr. Terry, in this place, numbering some half a dozen per sons.sre suffering dreadfully from the effects of poison, believed to have been taken in cof fee. We Lear they are some better this morn ing, but still suffering. A number of our med ical men are in attendance. We did not learn whether it is the result of accident or design. Two Steamboats Burned. A letter in the Loure?ille Courier, dated Baltimore 12th iust., says: The steamers Jewess ud Walker were total ly destroyed by fire last night, while lying at the wharf of this city. The Jewess belonged to the Norfolk line of packets, and was about starting out. She had on board the U. S. mail, which was saved. ' Steamboat Explosion. The steamboat Blue Ridge exploded a few miles below Galli polis, killing, scalding and drowning twenty or thirty persons. Mr. Guibert, of Louisville, who was a passenger on the ill-fated boat at the time of the accident, in a letter to the editor of the Louisville Courier states that, there were, in all, seventy persons on the Blue Ridge. After the hull sunk, the cabin floated eighteen miles. The passengers were taken off by the yawl, and were kindly taken care off by per sons residing in the neighborhood, who, as far as they could, provided them with clothing. Of eight ladies on board, only one was lost. The 2d Pilot, who was sleeping in his room, was thrown ashore, a distance ot more than an hundred yards, and was slightly injured. Jas. Summers, 2d Clerk, was thrown into the river, and swam ashore entirely uninjured. Some reached shore with the assistance of their life preservers. Great praise is awarded to the cit izens of Gallipolis and several of the officers and passengers of the boat for their noble exer tions to aid the sufferers. Mr. Guibert is es pecially grateful to Mr. Ham Hay, who was the means of saving his (Mr. G.'b) life as well as the lives of several others. Here follows a list of the saved, killed, mis sing and wounded, which we annex : Saved. Jos. Tosso and daughter, Cincinnati; Ben. J. Guibert, Louisville; JasCuffner, W.B. Kontz, D. Goshorn, Isaac Barker, B. F. Vick ers and sister, Mr. Stewart, wife and three children, Maj. Eaton, U. S. A., and serv't.; M. Wright, Kanawha; Sam'l Langley, Mrs. Porter and child, Gallipolis; Mr. Duke, Maysville; Mr. Miller, Mason co.f Va.; L. A. Paulett, Lynchburg, Va, We omit the names of the officers of the boat, , Killed.Wocnded, andMissing. Mr.Oven hiner missing. Wm. F. Whitaker, Kanawha Dead blown ashore. R. Tumey, 1st Pilot badly hurt. An old lady, mother-in-law of Mr. Stewart, drowned in the cabin. A. Brulon, Cincinnati missing supposed to have fallen in the wreck. F. J. Sanus, Gallipolis missing. G. Beard, bar-keeper, Gallipolis, scalded; since dead. Jos, Miller Mason co., Va. missing. Captain Summers, Gallipolis, slightly in jured. Albert Summers, watchman, badly scald ed. P. Wright, Kanawha badly hurt. John Bayse, mate, slightly scalded and bruised. . J. Carr, deck-hand, badly scalded not ex pected to live. P. Carpenter, missing. D. Smith, Gallipolis, badly scalded and leg broken. F. Scott, fireman, missing. D, Page, colored man, badly hurt. Dabney, colored man. Steward, badly hurt. Mr. Guibert also states that there were fifteen deck passengers, whose fate was unknown. He thinks he met with six of them on the morn ing after the accident. Mr. Polk Impeachment. We published a few days ago the resolution passed by the House of Representatives declaring that the war wun .Mexico was "unnecessarily and unconstitutionally begun by the President of the United States," and it would seem to us that the House is now bound by every obliga tion of truth and justice to impeach Mr. Polk for what they have declared he has done. A correspondent of the National Whig well says: "There is no other alternative left that body according to our view of the question, unless it be to settle down in a tacit approval of the high crime which they have charged him with If there was ever a case that called for a course of action such as is here pointed out to the Representatives of the people, and which their vote of yesterday has impressed upon the pub- lrc records as a Truth, it is the act of the Pre sident in plunging our country into tins war, in violation of every obligation of duty, sacred and secular, which the Constitution has im posed upon our public men. When we look at the awful consequences that have followed the iniquitous act of Mr. Polk, the lives that hava been sacrificed on the field of battle, those lost in various other ways, by sickness, mur ders, and assassinations, and the vast expendi ture of the public money to foster frauds on the government, for the benefit, perhaps, of those who brought the war about, can there, we ask ever be a case equal to it, that could justify an impeachment of the guilty party? No.notone. And if the Representatives of the people per mit this man, Polk, to escape "unwhipt of jus tice" now, then, indeed, we may expect that nothing would be done even with hitn or his successors, were he or they to set up a mon archy to rule us. "Unconstitutional Jim. Ha, ha, ha ! The best name yet given to the President. A cor respondent of the National Whig does it in the following happy manner; Congress awakened by a sly Locos joke, Hav fairly unhous'd the pig, in a rlk. To brave Zaccy Taylor, the just an J the wise All honor thry give and praise to the skies. But sly Jimmy Polk in spite of his wit, In trying to share made a very bad hit, Th3 House in its vote having re-christtn'd him, This title is UNCONSTITUTIONAL JIM ! ! C30ne of the rumors of the dav is that General Worth has preferred charges to the Gov ernment against General Scott. Bank Excitement in New Obleans. We learn from the New Orleans papers of the 7ih, that quite a stir was made in that city on the day previous, by a report that the Canal Bank had stopped payment. The story flew like fire on a prairie, and in less than no time there was a perfect rush of note-holders to the Bank de manding specie. The Picayune of the 7ih gives the following account of the affair: The small holders of notes commenced their demands for specie; and as soon thereafter as the officers of the bank ascertained that there was some excitement in the public mind in re lation to its circulation, notices were struck up at the entrance to the effect that its doors would be kept open till dark, or later, to ac commodate all persons desirous of changing their bills tor specie, ihe ball ol the bank was crowded with bill holders and spectators till near 3 o'clock, at which time the demand slack ened, and, about an hour afterwards, the ex citement died away. During the day the bank not only redeemed its notes in gold and silver, but the notes of all the city banks that were pre sented. The paying tellers were reinforced by other officerin order to despatch business, and no aelay was experienced by any of the bill holders. As fast as they came they were ac commodated. Ala o clock the bank had ex changed specie for notes to the amount of about one Hundred and twenty thousand dollars. The bank was open up to that hour, but for an hour Delore no demand had been made tor coin. How the "run" was brought about no one knows, but at daylight in the morning it was reported at the market places that the bank had stopped. The bank had in specie, on yesterday, one million eight hundred and seventy-seven thou sand one hundred and seventeen dollars against one million two hundred and sixty dollars in circulation. Making an excess of specie over circulation of five hundred and ninety thousand eight hundred and jijly-seven dollars. The short business paper and exchange in the vaults of the bank amount to over thru millions five hundred thousand dollars against a little over two million of deposits. So little effect had the run in weakening the bank amongst our business men, that during tne day the deposits amounted to near twohun drcd thousand dollars more than the specie ta ken from its vaualts. 1 he excitement seems to have been cot up in gross error or through mischievious motives and scarcely lasted during the ordinary business hours ot the day. As to the parties who ex changed their notes for coin, they had a perfect right to do so, and the bank will cheerfully re deem its circulation in the hands of those who would rather have the specie. Indeed it is bet ter that any persons troubled with doubts as to the solvency of the bank should relieve their mind, so far as the cash can do it, at once. All we have got to Bay to them is that there is no need of excitement or confusion; the coin is ready for those who would prefer it to the notes oi ine corporation. CtjrThe New Orleans Bulletin says, whilst the crowd was round the counters of the Canal Bank, one man presented a five hundred dollar bill, and to save time and trouble, we presume, a&ked for Bank of Louisiana notes in exchange for it, "We cannot give them." said the pay ing teller, in his blandest manner, "we can only give your gold or silver for it, which will you have?" "I won't have either," said he, as savage as a Seminole, "if this all you can do give me back my note," and which he accord ingly took, and thursting it to the bottom of the pocket of his pantaloons, he elbowed his way out again into the street. i Telegraphic Correspondence of the Lou. Courier. Washington, Jan. 12, 9J P.M. SENATE. Several petitions were presented from Maine and Massachusetts; protesting against the pres ent war, and praying for its speedy termina tion. Hon. A. H. Sevier, of Arkansas, reported a bill providing for the settlement of old Mexi can claims, as the uovernment was not respon- ..'Li. . .1 siDie, ior mem. A but for refunding certain monies to the Secretary of Wisconsin, was passed. Mr. Dickinson's resolutions were then called up. Mr. Dickinson argued, iii support of his resolutions, that territory must be acquired irom Aiexico as indemnity to our country ior the present war, &c. That to territorial legis lation, must be left the control of slavery. Our rapid increase in population and our interests ful ly authorized the acquisition of more territo ry, slavery must finally end by ltsown self- destruction, as the slave possesses neither patri otism nor intelligence. By leaving Mexico alone, we will become a prey to her dishonor, and to withdraw our troops would be abandon ing our conquest, bitch a course will not ne cessarily bring about annexation. ' We ought to have it in our power to suggest terms, at least, as to the provisions of a treaty. Mr. Yuleeofferedanamendment, recommend ing that the control of slavery be subjected to tne win oi tne people at large. Mr. Hale proposed, as a substitute for the whole subject, that slavery be prohibited. The further considerations of the resolutions was laid over, The ten regiment bill was called up. Mr. Clayton opposed the acquisition of ter ritory by conquest as being at war with the : i e - - ii ii- , principles oi our rvepuoucan institutions, ana dangerous to their permanence. He was wil ling to take territory by treaty, and not by force: He deemed the call for additional troops as un necessary. We had subdued Mexico and held under. her government many States, and her eigbt millions of inhabitants must be regarded as abolitionists in respect to the institution of slavery which must be greatly endangered by the passage of this bill. The provisions of the present bill, if passed, placed in the hands of the Executive a patrouage ot great extent, in making appointments ot at least 540 commis sioned otiioers. He denounced the adminis tration for its course towards Santa Anna, and its whole conduct in the management of the war. The Senate then went into Executive scs sion. Richt. The following sentiment was drank al a late Printer's festival: "Our Country. Uisht or Wrong We will stand by her when right; when wrong, we will To the Editor of the Evansville Journal. Sjr: In your paper of the 4th instant I had the pleasure of reading an excellent communi cation copied from the Indiana Journal, over thi signature ot-' Marion" in relation to our Probate System. Marion is right when he says that under our present System, "Children are de frauded Estates squandered lands sold un justly and crediters cheated by the Probate Court, not wickedly but ignorantly." The question is, how shall the evil be removed? Shall we ba e a Circuit Probate System, or shall we transfer the Probate business to the Circuit Court? Marion is in favor of the lat ter plan, and so is the writer of this communi cation ; but I cannot agree with him in the opinion that it will be necessary to increase the number of circuits to the extent that he desires; uor do I believe that three terms of the Circuit Courts will become necessary. Annihilate the present Probate Courts and transfer the busi ness to the Circuit Courts confer upon the Clerk enlarged surrogate powers enable him to adjudicate upon accounts to issue citations, and to make all necessary interlocatory orders require him to give notice of the time estates will be settled change the practice of the Circuit Courts so that Probate and Chancery business shall be the first business transacted at each term of the Circuit Court, to which might be added the making up of issues, and let the Petit Jury be summoned for the 3d day of the term, or on such day as the Courts at a previous term should direct, repeal four-fifths of our present Probate Act. VTe now have a Probate Act of near one hundred pages in our Revised Code, embracing 471 Sections make the law as general as is consistent with pru dent Legislation, and let the rules of practice be settled by the Courts and for this purpose and for the purpose of securing uniformity, re quiring that all of the President Judges in the State shall meet at the capitol on a day to be fixed, (say 1st Monday in June,) and by and with the advice and consent of the Judges of the Supreme Court, adopt a set of rules for Circuit Court and Probate practice with a pro vision that the Judges of the Supreme Court may alter them when necessary. By this means we can have a uniform practice through out the State; we have now too much statute law upon the subject, our Probate Act has 471 Sections, while that of Pennsylvania nas but 61. In Massachusetts and North Carolina, (in both of which States they have excellent Pro bate laws,) it is tK-lieved that their Legislative enactments are not as voluminous as in Penn sylvania. I repeat it; we have too much Leg islation. The details of practice can be better settled by the Judges than by the Legislature. Increase the pay of your Circuit Judges to 812, 00 per annum, and require them to be present in court when Probate business is transacted, unless unavoidably absent. This subject has been repeatedly before the legislature, but there has hitherto been such a wide difference of opinion that the details of a bill could not be settled. Let the Judiciary Committee prepare a bill, and let the members yield their private opinions to the united judgeineufof the gentle men who compose that committee, and I be lieve that a good bill can be passed. Some may say that the su'ra-of $1200 is a high salary. In reply I have only to say that a Judge ought to receive a salary sufficient to command the best talent in the State, this is'what has always sustained the high reputation of the Judiciary of Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, and Kentucky. The people at large are deeply interested in having an intelligent and efficient Judiciary. Multiply Circuilsand keep down the salaries of your Judges to what it now is , and in a few years none other than third or fourth rate lawyers will preside in your Circuit Courts. J. Serpents in a Pile in South America. In the Savannahs of Izacuba, in Guiano, 1 saw the most wonderful, the most terrible specta cle that can oe seen; and although it be not un common to the inhabitants, no traveller ha. ever mentioned it. We were ten men on horse back, two of whom took the lead, in order to sound the passages, whilst 1 preferred to skirt the great torests. One of the blacks who form ed the vanguard, returned fu!I gallop and call ed to me: "Here, sir, come and see the serpents in a pne. jie pouueu out to me sometninz eieva , .L .,11 r . tea in tne miuuie oi a savannah or swamp, which appeared like a bundle of arms. One of my company then said: "This is certainly one of ihe assemblage's of serpents which heap themselves on each other after a violent tempest. 1 have heard of these, but have never seen any let us proceed cau tiously and not go too near." When we were within twenty paces of it. the terror of our horses prevented our nearer approach, to which none of us were inclined. On a sudden the pyramid mass became aci tated; horrible hissings issued from it, thousands ol serpents rolled spirally on each other; shot forth out of the circle their hideous heads, pre senting their envenomed darts and fiery eyes to us. 1 own I was one of the first to draw back. but when I saw this formidable uhalani remain ed at its post, and appeared to be more dispos ed io ueieua iiseu man to attack us. 1 rode around it in order to view its order of battle, which faced the enemy on everv side I then sought what could be the design of this numer ous assemblage; and concluded that this species oi serpents areaaea some Co nsenn enem. which might be the great serpent, or the Cay man, and that they re-unite themselves after haying seen this enemy, in order to attack or resist mm in a mass. Humbolt. fT3-Several hiehwav robberies nave repent- ly been committed in the neighborhood of Jack SOUND VIEWS. At the great meeting at the New York Tab ernacle on the evening of the 20th Hon. Caleb B. Smith, M. C. from Indiana, made a powerful speech, from which we take the fol lowing extracts: "The President, in his Message, repudiates the prosecution of the war for purposes of con quest. He desires to prosecute it for indemni ty. Mexico owes our merchants about 83,000 000, as the President has estimated it. We have been engaged in this war two years, ex pended 8100,000,000, and sacrificed thousands of valuable lives to recover indemnity for 83, 000 000; and now, after all this sacrifice, the prospect of indemnity is as far removed as ev er. This prosecution of the war for indemni ty is the most contemptible humbug that was ever attempted to be palmed off upon the peo ple. Indemnity had nothing to do with the commencement of this war, or its prosecution, and it presents no reason why it should not be brought to a ppeedy close. It will not stand in the way of peace .one moment. Mexico would expend more in one month ,in defending herself against our arms, than all these indem nities amount to. But again: the advocates for continuing the war tell you the honor of the country is at stake. In what does the honor of the country consist? The highest honor of a country consists in doino bight. (Great cheering.) No nation can expect to exalt itself in the eyes of the civilized world, w hich is stan.d with fraud and injustice. But the President tells you, in his last Message, that we must have California and New Mexico, and that we must prosecute the war vigorously till Mexico yields to our terms. Now this is the thing for which the war is prosecuted, disguise it as they may; and it will be prosecuted for no other ob ject till the strong arm of the people shall in terpose between the President and its further Sirosecution. .(Cheers.) Let us look at this or one moment. Suppose we could get one half of California and the whole of New Mexi co. Would it be of any advantage to us? I believe every foot of land w wrest from Mex ico will be a curse to this people and their de scendants. I believe every province we may tear from that distracted country is onlr bring ing discord and disunion among us, and is pil ing up for our children evils over which they will mourn when we are gone. What want we of that couury? Every individual who has been there, describes it as a barren, desolate country, incapable of sustaining any other pop ulation than the half civilized hordes who now inhabitit. Taking this country for indemnity reminds me of a Yankee stcry I once heard. . A certain man becoming deeply involved in debt, concluded to turn bankrupt, after which, being obliged to turn his hand to something for a living, he thought he might make a good speculation by catching rattlesnakes and tam ing them. After several attempts he succeed ed in catching six rattlesnakes, lie secured them in a cage, and commenced training them. Af ter some time, a creditor called upon him for the payment of a debt. Said he, "my dear fel low, every thing I have is six rattlesnakes." "Well," said tha creditor, 'ince you have nothing else, 1 must have three of them snakes to liquidate my demand." Now Mexico owes us 83,000,000. The country is worth about as much as the six rattlesnakes, and Mr. Polk mutt have three of them to indemnify us. (Prolonged laughter.) I had rather Mexico should keep her snakes. There is no portion of that country that can be made useful to us, except San Francisco and a few ports on th a Pacific; and let us obtain them by fair and hon orable negotiation; let us spurn the idea of ob taining thein by force from Mexico. (Great applause.) Mr. Smith went on tosay that he was confi dent that peace might be restored to the coun try in 30 days, if suitable persons were en trusted with the misxion. But Mr. Trist was not the man in whom either the people of Mex ico or the people of the United States had any confidence for the best of all possible reasons: he was a man unknown to the people of both countries. Every man must have anticipated the result. Had he entrusted Gen. Scott or Gen. Tavlor with plenary powers, this war would have been terminated long before this time. Let him pursue this course now, and the war will be ended at once. But he refuses to do so. He calls upon Congress for 50,000 Jien and 830,000,000 to prosecute the war. I do not know what Congress may do. I can only answer for myself. If I stood alone, I would rather see my right arm stricken off than vote him these men and this money. (Prolonged cheering) I will be willing to vote any amount of supplies which may be necessary to sustain the honor and the independence of the country. ' Let but a foreign footstep be pressed upon our soil, and I would be willing to drain the re sources of this country to the utmost to defend -it against the invaders; but I am not willing to vote men and money to enable the President to carry out his ambitious designs of dismember ing Mexico. Mr. Smith here referred to the change that has taken place in political parlies since the war commenced. At that time there was in the House a majority of 75 as incorrigible Lo cos as he ever met. There were hardly Whigs enough to call for Yeas & Nays. Since the war commenced, the elections of Representatives have been held in the different states; and now, instead of being there in a small minority, he finds himself associated with a majority. , 1 believe that the grrat heart of the country is sound in regard to this question of the war. But, unfortunately, the politicians are timid, and afraid to speak out their sentiments in. relation to it, for fear that they will not be supported by their constituents. During the last session of Congress, I expressed my feelings lreely, and voted against the bills to furnish supplies for the army. hen 1 returned home, I tound that some of my friends wore afraid my anti-war doctrines would cause my defeat at the next election, and advised me to retire and let some vigorous prosecution Whist take the field in my stead. But I had confidence in my constituents. I told my friends that I inten-. ded to appeal to the people, and if, after a fair hearing, they decided to reject me, 1 would be content to remain at home. I took the field, and was opposed by the ablest Locofoco competitor. The war was the exclusive topic of debate. The result was. the lamest Whig majority ever given in the State. This proves that whenever the intelligence and better na ture of the People are appealed to, the Peace try to right Her. - sonville, ins. party will be triumphant.