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THE EVANSVILLE JOURNAL.
PHlKTr.U A5il rU BUSHED BY WM. H. CHANDLER c CO. Th Tw-Wiskly JriSAL U published on Tum days, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at l,OUper annum, in mlvnnm. Thi YVki:kly Jui'MAt. in published on Thursday, at $.',00 per annum, in advance, i'Ofl rnCSlDENTi ZACXXAXK.Y TAYLOR. city or KVANSVILLEJ TUESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1818. Isnnsi Wnii Convkstiu. We lenrn that tlio Whi Sine C invention which BafWMrbluJ at Indian apolis, closed it labor in great liurniuny on. Wed nesday lust. The Convention did not ruske any nomination for State officer. KrM. Calhoun's SpEixit. which wo lay before our readers to-day in j lento, is one of Inn bet ef forts, clear ond forcible, and will lie perused by all Of thorn with pleasure. U '( said that it was listened to ty the Senate with great attention and apparent gra lificatlon, and wherever it in read wc nro suro that it will be reci4vud with approbation. Krlt is said that the Postmaster General attend very day in the House of Representatives, and hears all that is said about him, and his management the Department. It la an old saying that "listeners never hear any good of themselves," We ore satis fied from reading the proceedings pf Congress that Mr. Johnson's cars ore seldom delighted with praise of himself or hU management of the Department. Declines Answering. The resolution which pas sod the House of Representatives on the 4th Inst., b the overwhelming vote of 1 15 to 13, calling upon the President for copies of all correspondence between this government and our officers of the armp and navy, and with Santa Anna, in relation to his return to Mexico,' in 18-16, wo thought would be sure to bring out the history of that matter; but it seems wo were mistaken, Mr, Folk is not prepared to breast the storm of denunciation and condemnation which we have, from the first, thought would follow the publi jeition of that correspondent, ar d be now skulks behind the plea that it is "incompatible with the pub lic interest," to give any information respecting the return of Santa Anna to Mexico, When the mes sage was read in the House, Messrs, Adams, Schenck Toonibes, and others, severely censured thePiesi dent for his conduct. The matter is bound to see the light, notwithstanding Mr. Polk's opposition. . Irlt is said that the Committee on claims in Con gress are crowded with business; and among the scores of petitions already presented are thirty and more growing out of claims incident to the war with Mexico, Some of these are nearly one hundred thous ank dollars in amount, and many of them are very large. One is for horses necessarily taken for the public ...rri-n W Col . IWm.1i ii n I I 1 I "'I' rtr m cooai Winch were also taken. Another claim is for the horses taken from tbe En- carnation prisoners, of which C. M. Clay and John P. Gaines were parties. These claims are but the beginning of the end. If there were many growing out ot the Florida war, they will be a legjon as the consequence of the war with Mexico. 3-Tke Clfuer is satisfied that Senator Jhmes did otc for the adjournment and the mileage. The Glean er publishes the vote. That's sufficient. t VrA telegraphic announcement from Waslungt ton, dated, 13th, says lie Ten Regimont Kill will certainly pass the U.S. Senate. The court martini in the cose of Lieut. Colonel Fremont has adjourned until the 2 lih inst., in order to give him a final hearing. This difficulty, which had its origin with the President, has already cost the Government seventy-five thousand dollars. fttr-It is i said there are upwards of fifty thousand free negToes iu the State of Virginia. GovernorSmith we see, in his message to the Legislature of that State renews uis recommendation for the removal of the whole free negro population from the State. But where arc they to gof JsVitber the free nor the slave O. - . Ml iius wm reo ive them. Here is a chance for the Colonization Society. If these fifty thousand souls re ever to be raised from the ignorant and dcba.l rtato in which they now exist, they must be sent to Ainca, where they will find ample room, a rich soil, a climate wen adapted to their constitutions, ond a government mder which they con be free, indepen dent, educated and respected. Cis. Tavloh. The New O.-loans Picayune of the 8th. nays that Gen Taylor, accompanied by Major niida anrl f . . . . va,. uarneu, errivea in that city from Baton tfougeontheday previous, and took lodging mine Binaries Hotel, He is in excellent health nd good spirits. When he left the boat he tried to get up to the hotel without attracting oWrvation, uui iu;:m uncovered him and he was the object thereafter, of puSlic attention and respect. tr-Tt, .t " - j rjicvio irom ine port, ot iVCW York, during the month of December last to foreign jiuns, ameuntca to 51,783,867. Tne WA.In the Senate a few days ago Mr.Crjt 4nden, in reply to some remarks by Colonel Davis, 'f Mississippi, thus defended the action of Congress- "I think that my honorable friend from M iwUippi. w a little miatakeu in supposing that any of the dis asters ol this war are attributable to the tardy ha lation on the part of Congress. I have been liere the whole time, and if any blame is to be attached to Con gress kt tardy legislation, of course 1 must come in or my share c-t tliat blame. When was it that we have been guilty ot any tardiness in granting any sup- rr. " wrre aemamied by tlie .xecuuef We began t.y authorizing the Execu tive to accept the services of 50,000 volunteers, and that torce was never exhausted until the fall of Iat year, i here have been military resource optn at all times to the President, which hemiffht have exer cised, and which he has exercised, by calling out men o serve during the war. This Li the remark I in tended to make. I am satMied the Honorable Sena tor meant no rebuke to the Senate, he has been more meritoriously engaged, and is evidently under a mis apprehen'ion if ho supposes that any such charge can jKrtUj,- Juade upon Conjris. " j Froiii Houiton's Official Reports. tVKWll or Mil. CAMtOU.N, AiSf ? -VI i S"" I 4A, 18 1, vvon hit Jlonolution$ r.Jt l TW to eonuiier Mexico and to hold It, either as a province or to incorporate it tn the Union, woulit lie tiicoilMtsleiil Willi Ilia bvowmi oiy . which tho war has been prosecuted; a departure from thu settled policy of the Government; in coullict with its character and geniim; and in tiis end, subversive of our tree and popular institutions. AVfoH'.That no line ol policy in the further prose cution of the war should be adopted which may load toconseiueucesso disastrous. Mr. Calhoun MiiJ: In offering., Senators, these resolutions for your consideration, I have been governed bv tho reason which induced me to oppose the war, and by the same considera tions I have been ever since guided. In allu ding to my opposition to the war, 1 do not in tend to notice tlie reason wntcn governeu me mi thnt occasion, further than is necessary to explain my motives upon the present. 4 oppo sed the war then, not only because i cousiuereu it unnecessary and that it might have been easily avoided, not only because I thought the i resident iiauiiouuuiuinj.iuuinc jwi.ui.v.. the territory in dispute and in possession of the Mexicans, to be occupied by our troops; not only bacause I believed the allegations upon which it was sanctioned by Congress were un founded in truth, but from high considerations of reason and policy, because 1 believed it would lead to great and serious evils to the country and greatly endanger its free institu tions. . ... Tint after the war was declared, and had re- reived the sanction of the government, I ac quienced in what I could not prevent, and which it was impossible for me to arrest; andl then felt it to be my duty to limit my course so as to give that direction to the conduct of the war as would as far as possible, prevent the evil and danger with which, in my opinion, it threatened the country and its institutions. For this Durnose. at the last session, I suggest- ed to the Senate a defensive line, and for that purpose 1 now offer these resolutions. This, and this only, is the motive which governs me I am moved bv no personal or party consider ations. My object is neitner to sustain me. Executive nor to strengthen the opposition; but simply to discharge an important duty to the country. But I shall express my opinion upon all points w ith boldness and independ ence, such as becomes a Senator w ho has noth ing to ask, either from the government or from the people; and whose only aim is to dimin ish, to the smallest possime amount, uie eviis incident to this war. But, when I come to notice those points in which 1 differ from the President. I shall do it with all the deco rum which is due to the Chief Magistrate of the Union. When I suggested a defensive line, at the last session, this country had in its possession through the means of its arms, ample territory, and stood in a condition to force indemnity. Before then, the successes of our arms hud gained all the contiguous portion of Mexico, and our armv has ever since held all that it is desirable to bold that portion whose popula tion is sparse and on that account the more de sirable to be held. For I hold it in reference to this war a fundamental principle, that when we receive territorial indemnity u stiau oe tm feuu'UUi in the lirst place it was the onlv tciiani moiie oi lermiiiating tne war success fully. I did it also because I belieevd that it would be a vast savingof the sacrifice of human life; but above all. I did so because I saw that ill... i: r ! onjr uiuci line oi poucy wouiu expose us to uemenduousevil, which these resolutions were intended to guard against. The President took a different view, lie recommended a vigorous prosecution ol the war not for conquest that was disavowed but for the purpose of ran- 4ucuiiS peace, mat, is, to compel JMexico to sign a treaty making a sufficient cession of ter ritory to liKlemiiily tins Government both for tne claims of Uscitizeus and for the expenses of the war. Sir, I opposed this policy. I op posed it among other reasons, because I believ ed that if the war should be ever so successful, there was great hazard to us at least, that the object intended to be effected by it would not be accomplished. Congress thought different ly, ample provisions in men and money were granted for carrying on the war, The cam paign has terminated. It has been as success ful as the Executive of the country could pos sibly have calculated. Victory after victory has followed in succession, without a single re verse. Santa Anna was repelled and defeated with all forces Vera Cruz and the castle were carried with it. Jalapa, rerote and Puebla fell, and after two great triumphs of our army, the gates of Mexico opened to us. Well, si"r, what has been accomplished? What has been done? Has the avowed object of the war been attained? Have we conquered peace? Have we obtained a treaty? Have we obtained any indemnity? No, si.; not a single object con templated has been effected, and what is worse our difficulties are greater now than they were then, and the objects, forsooth, more difficult to reach than they were before the compaign commenced. Now Senators have asked what has caused this complete discomforture of the views of the Executive for which men and monev were granted? It is not to be charred to our troops; .i... v, -i ii .v. lmi " ' ui r , 1 . UI1U Ka"aniry was -v rr-' - "i 6....oati.- .rjh wasa mistake, wVhad aimed direX to it w ' we naa aimea mrectly to it, we had the means Sm6uf .?r w? 'a Sed a? an 'IndemnuJ ! Srough a tre'at ? Weouldl? "JS? X1 treaty with Mexico and Mpt!c hr,,lin,Z .i1 V ; niuciuiiiiy aircauy ieti in ment mere tinder our encouragement and pro- ea simp y could ' detat the wholi nhlet i 't, l" ? W 'T Well 8ir' as tec,io11' 8nd if lhe government itself shaifre which 3 fir . .1... f w- ?.! A0Ji.?-J!Ct ! U SlnkeS ?"helher lhe .w?r 13 successful or fuse to make a treaty with us on such terms as 1 ,! i." Y . 1. F J" .L u u 1 should termnae I w i. t ii . Yfr S.VT11 oufr,TaSt,eXperJllUre f mon" ey, for al the loss of blood, and men, we have rf' - - y hiiu it f ua v c nothing, but the military glory which the1 : 1 r w 1 umipaigii uas lurnisneu We cannot, I presume. estimate the ernJf "" sesof the camrjaion at le than A( nnn nnn .e J ff"?!? !?..1A11-40'000-.0?0 of deof edskm Z ffiT IT I shout that B.im n,l k0., ,. t ttbease manv ro?:7 StSS tite LrciafiB:e? ' sll il.;, fnr nih;.. ii ' : r. .. . M . But itU said tlmt iti ,,r 3 r .put uis said mat the occupancy of a defen-1 sive line would have h..i 1 , . , v.LUmt o.rcu. is a , wuicn is aimed at, cannot oe Duiit up, we must amnafrn It f tL pLI 1 Tk t sCCPssf'' war to be carried on? uat is the 1 make a.conquest of the whole country and Oc cam pa ign itself. The President has assigned object of it? What is it intended to effect? 1 cupy if can words ba stronger' "Occudv ury oi uar has done the same. Ihaveexam- suppress all. resistance in Mexico, tooverpower 1 nity; no defensive line no treaty;-and en- iueJ these reasons with cure. Thin U not the proper occasion to discuss them; but i mum mfnd utterly fallacious. 1 Mrill put lhe question in ageiierul point of view, and satisfy the winds ol Netiutor mat sut n is ww case The line proposed by myself, extending from the Pacific Ocean to the Paso del Norte, would have been covered by the Gulf of California, and wilderness peopled by hostile tribes of In dians; and for its defence, nothing would have been needed beyond a few vessels of war sta tioned in the Gulf, and a single regiment. From the Paso del Norte to its mouth, we can readily estimate the amount of force necessary for its defence. It wasa frontier betweeuTex- md Metico when Texas had not more than 150,000 of a popolation wilhoutany standing army whatever, and very few troops. Yet for ....,, T mi.intHioe.1 that frontier line: and that, too, when Mexico was far more con-1 solidated than she is now, w hen her revolu- i:n,..nr nm n fronnxnt. her renmirres in , II VIV IW t aawuvv.aB.f - - i money were much greater, and Texas tier oniy , opponent. Can any man believe tliat Mexico, ovhMiwtorl n v now is nmst rated as she has been defeated can any man believe that it will cost as much to defend that frontier as the last campaign has cost? No, sir. 1 will hazard nothing in asserting that the very interest of the money spent in the last campaign would have secured that line for an indefinite period; and that the men who have lost their lives would have beeu more than sufficient to defend it. I So much for the past; we now come to the .nir.mnf-mpnt of nnntlipr ramnaifn; and the nnestion is. what shall be done? The same monsnmBre nmnnspi It is still "a vigorous prosecution of the war." The measures are identically the same. It is not for conquest that is now as emphatically disavowed as it was in the first instance. Ihe object is not to hint Mexieo out of the. list of nations, for the President is as emphatic in the expn s-don of his desire to maintain tne nationality oi iuex- co. He desires to see her an independent and flnnrishinir coinmunit v. and assigns strona and fur all that. Well. sir. the aues- timi is now. what oudit to be done? We are now coming to the practical Question. Shall we aim at carry ing on another vigorous campaign nn.L.r nrPKint i irriimstances' Mr Pr..M,lHnt. 1 havi examined the Question with care, and 1 repeat, that I cannot support thn rernmmendiitioiis of the President. There are many and powerful reasons, stronger than those which existed at trie commencement, oi queror. uui now a iree una mui-pcum-uk c the last campaign, to justify myopposition now. public can grow up under such circumstances, The cost in money will be vastly greater. is tome incomprehensible. 1 had always sup There is a bill for ten additional regiments now posed that republican government was the spoil- before the Senate, and another bill providing for twenty regiments of volunteers, has been reported, making in all, not less, I suppose, than twenty-five thousand troops, raising the number of troops in the service, as, I presume, the Chairman of the Committee on Military ' Affairs can inform you, to not much less; thaa seventy thousand in the whole. Well, sir, tlie expense win oe muun more man uui of the last campaign. It w ill cost not much short of sixty millions of dollars. Now, sir, what is the condition of the mon ey market at present? Last year it was most flourishing. Au unfortunate famine in Eu rope crested a greatyms for.r sub-treasury, it poured in at the other. But how stands the case now? We stand now with a drain both ways.The exchanges are in our favor, and therefore, instead of gold and silver, drafts founded on exports will be remitted. The exchanges in Mexico must be met either by remittances in gold and silver, or by drafts drawn in favor of British merchants, or other capitalists there, which must be cashed here, and also trasiiraitted abroad. Now, sir, what will be the operations of this state of things? How long can this continue? What is the present price of treasury notes, and of stocks m the market? Are they above par? No, sir. I see them quoted below par. I understand treasury notessre sensibly below nar. an,! strw-U a ' I I 1 1 1. I. 1 still lower. Now what is to be the result? i So long as treasury notes are below par so long as they are the cheaper medium :he. end ! of it will be, that treasury notes will go into me ireusury ana specie corns outot it. There is very great danser that at last vonr trasnr will be drained to the bottom. Now, sir, in this state of thinss. what ran possibly follow? Acreat commercial crisis a great financial crisis even.possibly.asuspen- oiuu ui uie uaiiss. i uo not pretend to deal in the language of panic. But there is danr nf' ail tins, ol which there was not the slightest a p- prehension at the commencement of last Ses- !'n; 4 Pf?8."1' there ,s.Sreat da"Ser. The ?. -.i V: TTT. ' lvusecuil3 your campaign but money it be difficult to get. I lately con- ates in the conquest of the country. T r !Ln .1maa Wh, Ugh.lL l kn0W 1 Prolest ulter'y a8ainst lhis government un 1 1 ti t f g.S -,r thaa myself; and he suppos- dertaking to build u any government in Mex ed that forty millions of dollars would be re-:' ico with the pledge of protection. The party quired either in the shape of treasury notes or ; placed in power must be inevitably overthrown, stocks, to carry on the campaign. I asked at : and we will be under the solemn obligation to what price money could be had; and the reply j turn and reinstate them in power, and that was, that it would be at the rate of ninety for would occur again and again, till the country one hundred, which would be rather more than would fall into our hands precisely as Hindos seven per cent, I believe. j tan fell into the hands of the English. This But, sir, these are not the only objections , very conquest of Hiudostan which we have formidable i as they are. The farther you pro- rood tha 111 " . l ' : r ..' ,u uiim.uiiic win mcrease. i an nor the slightest chance that can tend to the re- . .l- ui mo Mans inienaetitoaccompun. Ihe ob- ject is to obtain a treaty. We no longer hear of l& a peace, but of obtaining an honor- able treaty; the meaning of which, is neither 1 T t(? a ! 11 5.S.! ""sut-cessiui. u must certainly end in the de- 0 W 5?ject' fot the t,ain,nent of which 1 ' ucuiy prusecuiea. ii me year De un-1 successful. I need not argue the point. If we 1 should be baffled in ourafms-as trust we ;il not he, and I think is not very likely lo be the T- u- ... B""Y,U "T .c "Ulc lu ac- complish, in a military poitjt of view, what is lY o, th vc,ia,u,J lrrc " ' ireaiy. 1 , I insist upon ii that the l: I llVu "m "e a-ieai OI ine object signeu to oe accomplished, whilst the objects lei " - .o - " .vwiuiisura, oujecis Hirmml F k ..i;ti,,..i n and disperse her army; to overthrow her civil government, and lo leave her without any far ther power of resistance. Well, Mr. President, if thai be done, what is the result? How are vou to Detail honorable is-ace? It takes but one party to make wartwo parlies to make peace. If all authority in Mexico be over thrown, if there be no legitimate power with whom to negotiate, how are you to accomplish those objects which it is proluimed.this vigorous prosecution or the war is intended to eiieci. Sir, you are defeated by your success. That will be the clear and tnevituble result. But what do you accomplish? The very object which vou disavow! For if the war should be so prosecuted, where will be the nationality of Mexico? Where her seperute existence? Where this free republic treat? Gone! wiin wnom you uesire iu e have blotted her out of the list of nations. She has becomes mere mass of individuals wit! lout any political existence, and the sovereignty ol the country, at least ior tiie time ueuifz. is transterreu to US. iow, mr. W... . . f rreaiuem, mis w m imij a iumuii -"" reasoning upon mis suojeti, uui iv who which, it 1 understand the President aright, he comes wun a single exception, ann umm meic contingency not likely to take place. The Pres- i.lent has very much the same conception of the objects of a vigorous war as 1 have presented, He .says that the great difficulty of g"ng peace, results from this, that the people of Mex- ico are divided under factious chieftains, and that the chieftain in power dare not give peace because his rival would then be able to turn him out: and that the onlv wav to remedy this evil and to obtain a treaty, is lo put down the whole of them. Well, what is to be done then? Is the thing to stop here? No We are then to build up again and establish under our power and protection a republican form of government irom the citizens w ho are wen uisposea, uu., he.-savs. are numerous and ar". prevented from obtaining it, only by fear of those military cineis. Anu u is wun una guiciuuirui, which is to grow up under the encouragemen and protect ion of our army to be establisbet bv their authority that it is proposed to treat in order to obtain peace. 1 must confess I am a little at a loss to see how a free and indep n dent republic can grow up under the protection and auttioritv oi us conqueror. 1 an ihh cc how such a government can be established un tier his authotity. I can readily understand how an aristocracy how a kingly governmen a despotism, might be established by a con taneous work of the people trial it came irom the people from the hearts of the people; that it was supported by the hearts of the people, and that it required no support no protection from any quarter whatever. But, sir, it seems that these areantiquated notions obsolete ideas and that we may now manufacture repub- lies to order, by authority of a conquering gov- ernment. But suppose, sir, all these difficulties sur mounted. Hew can you make a free govern ment in Mexico? Where are your materials? It is to be, I presume, a confederated govern ment like our own. Where is the intelligence in Mexico adeauate to the construction of such lug at for twenty rxtd years, but so utterly in competent are her people for the work, that it nas Deen a complete failure from beginning to end. The body of the intelligence and wealth of Mexico concentered in the priesthood, who are altogether disinclined to that form of gov ernment. Then the owners of the haciendas the large planters of the country, who comprise almost all the remaining mass of intelligence, are without opportunities of concert and destitute of the means of forming such a" government. Sir, such a government would be impossible and if put up, would tumble down the very next day after our protection was vvunurawn It appears to me to be a far more plausible pian ii u is determined to nave peace, to sus tain tne government that now exists in Mexico: or ratner to retrain from putting it down. Lit it grow up and mature itself. 1 have conversed wuh several of the offkersof thearmy men of intelligence on this subject, and all agree in tne opinion tnai tne mere shadow ol a govern mjnt which now remains at Queretaro. will have no authority whatever, and that if we were to make a peace in any degree conforma- toiy to our view of what a peace ought to be, the very moment we withdraw, it would nil h- -o,.i,,. j .i.. tu. country assigned to us by the peace for an indemnity, we innst either hold defensively and be brought back ultimately to the defensive ery line, which would be the end of the whole of been ceusuring for years, eversince I recollect, . ' was tne result ot misTkpn nn bH m , . . r.-"' ".o " from steo to sten each one dWr and deVner tained. but ultimately connnest became una v2l L t ? 7 ! I hold the country, but to conque'r the adjacent territorr Wdl' sir' if thU contingency follows-if the &! establisling'.nother govern- we will acc -pt in regard to indemnity, then the President himself agrees that he must take the very course which 1 have said would be the in. evhable consequence of a vigorous procS on f ,h ... tY- p ; i! J. ?: :tPf.f ...a after having attempted to build up such a gov- employed the best ef- orUi 10 secure peace upon tne most liberal terms, if all fall: I now give his own words- UM fail we must holdn lheoccupati of tne counrry, we must use the measure, of in- demnity Into our hands, and enforce such country demand,- de-'ow, sir, what is this? Is it not an acknow leugemeni, mat 11 tms lacutious government, l? l . . . ... force terms; ttrmson whom? on the govern ment No no no. It U to enforce th terms on the people individually; that is to say.toea- tablish a government over mem in mc iorm oi province. Well, the President U tluht. If In the vlg- oreus prosecution of the war, as tho President proposes, thu con'.iugency should tail, and tne chances of its failure are many, there w ill be no retreating. Every argument against calling back the armv, as they designate it against taking a defensive line, which is now advanced, will Imve double force after you have spent six ty mill ions of dollars, and have acquirea posses sion of the whole of Mexico. The interests in favor of keeping as there will be much mora influential then than now. The army itseli will be larger. Those who live by the war arge and powerlul body tlie numerous con tractors, the suttlers, tne merchants, uie specu lators in the lauds and mines of Mexico, and all enuged every way, directly or indirectly in the progress oi the war, and absorbing tne wnoto expenditures, will be all adverse to retiring, and will swell the cry in favor of continuing and extending conquest. Ihe President talks sir, of taking indemnity into our hands, then; but. why not take indemnity nowf e are much nearer indemnity now, than we will be at the end of the -next campaign, when we shall have sixty, millions added to the expendi ture or the last forty, What win you men have to indemnify you? Nothing but a Mexi can population, on whom you are to impose taxation in all lornsana snapes; ana amongs which you will have to maintain an army oi at least forty thousand men; accofdingto the Sen ator from Mississippi, (Mr. lMvis,) not a very large number, for he says, that the seven ty-three thousand men now there are in dan ger. That there is no indemnity at all. Yon E1 will never get enougn in tnai way to meet your expenditures. It with all have to come out of the pockets of lhe people of the United States; and after all, the talk of indemnity, of pushing on this war vigorously to success, at the end of the next campaign, instead of indemnity, you will have a heavy pecuniary burden im posed upon the present and succeeding gen eration. Well, Mr. President, we have now come to the solemn question' proposed by these resolu tions. I have shown where his line of policy will, in all probability, lead you I may say, will inevitably lead you, units', some unex pected contingency should prevent. It will lead to the blotting out of the nationality of Mexico, and the throwing of eight or nine millions of p?ople without a government on your hands. It will compell you, in all prob ability, to assume the government, for, I think, there w ill be very little prospect ol'your retir ing. You must either hold the country as a province or incorporate it into our Union. Shall we do either? That's the question. Far from us be auch an act, and for the reasons con tained in the resolutions. The first of these reasons is this: it would be inconsistent with the avowed object for which the war has been prosecuted. That needs no argument after w hat has been said. Since tlie commencement of the war till this moment, every man has disavowed the intention of con quest of extinguishing the existence of Mexico ?d TtnFieonly object was indemnity. And yet, sir, as events are moving on, what we dia vow may be accomplished, and what we have, avowed may be dt leafed. Sir, this result ill ba a dark and lasting imputation on either the sincerity or the intelligence of this country; on its sincerity becau;, so opposite to vour own avowals; on your intelligence, for the want of a ckar foresight in so plain a case as not to discern the consequences. Sir, we have heard how much glory our coun try has acquired in this war. I acknow ledsie it to 0.,; full amount, Mr. Presiden M far as mi!i tary glory is concerned. The urmy has done nobly chivalrously they have conferred hon or on the country, for which 1 sincerely thank them. Mr. President, I believe all our thanks will be confined to our army. So far as I know in the civilized world, there is no approbation of the conduct of the civil portion of our power. On the contrary, every where the declaration is made, that we are an ambitious, unjust, hari people, more given to war than any people of modern times. ' Whether this be true or not, it is not for me to inquire.. I am speaking now merely of the reputation which we bear abroad. Every where, I believe, forasmuchas we ht.ve gained in military reputation abroad, I regret to perceive, we have lost in our political and civil reputation. Now, sir, as much as I regard military glory much as I rejoice to behold our people, in possession of the indomitable e nercr and courage which surmount all difficulties.and which class ihematnongstthe first military peo ple of the age, I would be very sorry indeed that our government should lose any reputation for wisdom, moderation, discretion, justice, and those other high qualities which have distin guished us in the early stages of our history. The next reason which my resolutions as ign, is, that it is without example or nrece- cedent, either to hold Mexico as a province, ot - lo incorporate her into oux Union. No exam ple of such a line of policy can be found. W have conquered manv of the neiihhorin7 tribes of Indians, but we never thought ol" holding them in subjection never of incor porating them into our Union. They bavo either been left as an independent people amongst us, or been driven into the forest. I know farther, sir, that we have never dreampt of incorporating into our Union any but the Caucassian race the free white race. To incorporate Mexico, would be the very first instance of the kind of incorporating an Indian race, for more than half of the Mexicans are Indians, and the 6ther is composed chiefly of mixed tribes. I protest against such a union as that! Our's, sir, is the government of tht white man. The greatest misfortunes of Span ish America are to be traced to the fatal error of placing these colored races on an equality with the white race. That error destroyed th social arrangement which formed the basis of society. The Portugese and ourselves have escaped the Portugese at least to some ex tent and we are the only people on the con tinent which have made revolutions without being followed by anarchy. And vet it is nro. fessed and talked about to erect these Mexi cans into a territorial government, and place them on an equality with the people of the Untied States. I protest utterly acainst mich . - 4 O - project. Sir, it is a remarkable fact, that in the who! history of man, as far as my knowledge extends, there is no instance whatever of anv civilized colored races bing found equal to the estab-