MMMMMMM WWI 111 "' I : I
-THE EVANSVILLE JOURNAL.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED
BY WM. II. CHANDLER & CO.
The Ti-Weelt Journal is published on Tues
days, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at $1,00 per annum,
in advance. t
Thfl VVeeil Jocusal. is published on Thursdays,
at f '2,00 per annum, in advance.
i 'FOR PRESIDENT:
CITY OP EVANSVILLEl
TUESDAY, FEBRURY 22, 1848.
WABASH AND ERIE CANAL.
In consequence of the numerous inquiries
made as it regards the prospect of our canal,
one of our citizens thought it would best re
lieve public anxiety by addressing a letter, and
obtaining his answer, to Charles Butler, Esq.,
of the city of New York, who it is well known
is the agent of the bond holders, and for them
negotiated the bill of last winter, from our
legislature, which arranged our public debt.and
secured the making' of the canal to this place.
Mr. Butler is also one of the Trustees of the
canal. We have understood there have been
some who have felt an apprehension, that the
Trustees did not intend to carry out their prom
ises in good faith in finishing the canal to this
place. Such an idea appears to us absurd, foron
failure to do it, the whole contract made by
the bond-holders, is forfeited. "Not only do
they forfeit their canal bonds, in whichis ex
pressly inserted a condition that they complete
the canal to this point, and all the advances
they have made or shall make onaccount of itt
but the State would be discharged from obli
gation to pay those, which in consequence of
this arrangement, were thrown upon the State.
It will be remembered, that those of our pub
1 jedebtors who surrendered their bonds.dad new
bonds given them, one half to be paid by the
proceeds of the canul, the other by the State.
We subjoin extracts from the letter .above
referred to, so far as relates to this subject.
MCBDEE OF A CHILD BT ITS MoTHEH, AND
Suicide or the Mother. One of the most
painful tragedies, says the Rochester Advertis
er of the 8th inst., which has been our prov
ince to record, occurred in Irondequoit, about
four miles from this city, on Sunday evening,
bejng no less than the murder of an infant
child by its mother, and the suicide of. the
mother by hanging! The circumstances, as
far as we have been able to gather them, at
this early hour, are as follows: On the even
ing in question, between 6 and7 o'clock, Mrs.
Barnard, wife of Alanson Barnard, one of the
constables of Irondequoit, requested her hus
band to go to a neighbor's and procure a pail
of milk. . Mr. B. was absent somethinglike an
hour, having stopped . to talk, as is usual
amongst neighboring families, and returned
home between 7 and 8 o'clock. On reaching
the door of his house, he was met by a little
girl, some eleven years of age, who said to him
that she "could not find her ma." Running
hastily into the house, he examined the beds in
the several rooms, the outhouse, &c, making a
loud noise at the same time to attract the at
tention of the neighbors one or two of whom
came in a few minutes. By this time a light had
been procured by the little girl, and the house
thoroughly examined, and on proceeding to
the cellar, Mrs. Barnard was found suspended
by the neck with a handkerchief to a beam
On looking further they discovered heT infant
child, about eleven days old, lying dead in bed,
who appeared to have been strangled. From
the story of the little girl it seems that soon af
ter Mr. Barnard left, the mother remarked that
she was sleepy, and would lie down for awhile
and proceeded to the bed-room for thatpurpose
when it is supposed she strangled the child. In
a short time she came into the room occupied
by the little girl, and told her to go and get in
to her place in the bed, and lie still not to
stir when the mother undoubtedly proceeded
to the cellar, and putan end to her own Ufa as
stated above. Nj possible cause can be as
signed for the commission of this rash act.
The mother was an amiable, pleasant woman,
Despatches by the Magnetic Telegraph.
ADDITIONAL FOREIGN NEWS
BY THE HIBERNI A. .
Liverpool, January 30.
Flour is scarce and held at last prices. Wheat
has declined 2d per bushel, but at the last ac
counts symptoms of improvements began to
be manifested. ; Corn meal is unchanged and
the market dulL
Money is abundant. Consols are quoted at
'89i a 89J and market unsettled. The influx
of specie has been very large.
Business in the manufacturing districts is
improving and but few failures of minor im
portance have taken place.
At London on the 21st, American flour was
held firm with offers to buy at lower rates.
Grain had declined.
On the 24lh, a further decline of 2s per quar
ter in wheat was experienced. Flour, with
the exception of the finest brands, was still de
On the 2Gth, but little business was done
and prices were steady.
On the 28th the market was inactive, but
prices were fully maintained.
Iron was unaltered. Several furnaces had
been compelled to slop.
The most reliable, quotation for flour is 27s
6d to 29a for best American descriptions and
Cm Wm. Polk Col. remost. lne
Washington correspondent tf the New York
Courier and Enquirer writes in his letter of the
Since the rejection of Kit Carson as a cap
tain of Rifles, because he had been appointed
over the heads of meritorious fellow-soldiers.
Col. William Polk, brother of the President,
stands a first-rate chance of being rejected as a
major of dragoons though the principle which
produced the rejection of the one, is scarce ap
plicable to the case of the other.
Col. Fremont is sentenced, and pretty severe
ly in the bargain. The President has had the
case under advisement, but up to this moment
no satisfactory conclusion has been come to.
Meanwhile Major Polk is doin very well in
Mexico, dreeming as little of the precacious
nessof his situation as the most modest clerk
of your customhouse. In the midst of life
there is death, in the midst of success there is
danger. It would be a hard case though, if a
man were to resign a chargeship for which he
was confirmed, in order to accept a majority for
which he is rejected
The Govermnents Enormous Expenditures
Frightful Increase of theNational Debt
Modes of Patieo it. "Inuependent," the
Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia
North American, writes as follows in his letter
of the 9th inst.:'. - , ; ,
We are now coins on at a cost of fully sev
enty millions of dollars a year, against twenty-
six millions ot annual resources, wnicn ore m
minishing daily, leaving a deficiency of forty-
four millions. When it is proposed to aug-
Willmer's European Times quotes fine leaf ment the revenue by increasing the duties on
. . .-v yn i 1 t i 1 I in rv ! 1 1 -iA'. a wattnitinn i
kq r.r to on1 KWo anA AO. a imiwirtt nnr. hv pttpnrlinfr a fair protection to I forward
lalu a I UD3 I LI UUO 111 v fan auu uuig, auu a vus ... - - j o I .
for ordinarv descriDtions iron, coal, and other large domestic interests
tor ordinary descriptions. afe now xml 8uffering, the Adminis-
The principal failures that have transpired . tUm answer8 lne tariff of '46 shall not be
have induced the stoppage of several Indian touched.
Sober Consideration. We have in ou
war arrived at a point for sober reflection
Looking back to the beginning, nardty a maa
in the nation, we think, will not regret thai
passed beyond the jMueces. we can looi
at me present. iiexico is suuuucu, auu iki
physically at our leet, and yet does not sue io
peace; and hardly has she the ability remain'
ingto possess a Government which would bj
worth our recognition. Any treaty whicl
her present so called Government might makj
would ratner oe an occasion man a cause i
terminating the war. A great portion oi ne
people sit ouietlv in their nouses still. . The;
have been so used to uproar and the din of wa
that this war has but a little increased tne in
terest of their feelinss. They are not subduei
in feeling nor aroused perhaps to any great efi
fort at resistance. The war so lar nas cos"
them much less money than it has cost us, bu
more lives, though generally of less individua
value. We have gained great military glorv
and Mexico has lost everything in comparison
though in the abstract she has shown rnorl
courage, skill, and resources of all torts, thai
the world supposed she possessed. Uyon th
whole the damage and the danger have beeil
greater on our side than hers. We put int
the wager a great, prosperous and happy na
tion with institutions the freest and choices
ever rjossessed bv any nation, and she put in
nationality and institutions hardly worth th
keeping, 'if we look to the future we see tha
the strength is all on our side, and of coursi
the action must be ours. There are certaii
things which we can do, but others we canno
do. We cannot control the wills of the Mex
icans. We cannot compel them to remaii
bound by the treaty stipulations of their presenj
Government. We can fall back; we can gv
But we cannot compel the Mexicans
at the Louisiana Citizen Bank.
Cardinal Massina died at Rome.
& Ki1.il li n 1 a i r Vila imnrionnmAnt 1 ilPnf
! H. 1 1 l. 1,-1 . Ull JVUltUI. Ill III. UlJllWMItH-ln, I J
In regard to the Canal, 1 assure you that I am grat- "gaoiy suuaieu, ami mg.ny i.uru , . he tQ
if.od to have you write we so frankly; snd your views j ner iumuy, anu ner inrims. rui wiuo miic, . thanks t
nowever, sue nau occasionally exniDiieu a nis-
The Wales Bank has resumed business.
The disturbances in the mining districts,
caused by the striking of the workmen, continues.
Hope & Co., in a circular, invite the holders
and opinions will al ways command my sincere respect
and I hope you will nevvr hesitato lo address me
with entire freedom. It seems to mo that you over
look one very important view of the case. ThcTrus
toes hive Uclei on the plnn of finishing the Caniq
to EvamvilU, and have published it to the world, not
only in their report, but in tlie newnpnper, and have
stated the time, as ner -ly as thry eouhl, when the
diflVrcnl divisions of the ntir$ tin will be put un
der contract. Now we conceivo that intelligent turn
in examining into t!io plan of prosresis adoutcJ, wil'
come to the conclusion, that, t'ur Truxtrcs have adopt
ed tho very best plan to. secure the i(,viz:in iho com
... , ca upon urn southern end of ihe line, that
t u-y would iiH.viml.ly break down-in other words,
llinr fund, would foil Wore ,.y could poihly fir,.
Ixli Urn wotk. I am sura Hint Villi tnunf. ...... 1. I
my letter to Judo Law, when I hava spoken of U
"mum ii out (,
rial from Terre
. ..... Miinrumn Hiernliro Connl from llm Slat,. Iie lo
w ... ,v,.r-, never have nifrliinct or rxuressrJ
taste for-company, and went less frequently
amongst her friends and neighbors, inclining
rather to a melancholy state of mind. After
the birth of her child, on the 2Gth ult., she
was extremely cheerful, and recovered in health
very rapidly, so much so that she had partaken
of her meals with the family for two or three
days. On the day on which the sad act was
committed, she came to the table both at morn
ing and noon, and nothing was discovered di.f-
When it is proposed to raise three millions
from tea and coffee, the demagogues who brought
on this war, skulk from the responsibility of
supporting it, and vole it down, for fear of
losing their seats. When a direct tax of five
millions is proposed, the President's organ de
nounces it funounsly, fearing nothing but its
laiiaimii "pfTppf. nnnn the nnrtv. Now I
of Louisiana bonds to deliver them up with 8sk honorable and honest men, is it rig ht for
acquiescence, in the proportion agreed upon, us to saddle the yastdebtoi this bxecutive war
on posterity s ii it is popular anu jusi, me pro
pie will pay for it as they did in the last con
test wiih Great Brita-in. But it is evident the
President and his party dare not submit to
such a test. They will not provide a dollar of
additional revenue, and now on the eve of go
to the King for his hospitable
The Indian news by this arrival is unimportant.
tt-MMfcirrr tltWiIcfttnceniciit produced
by childbirth fever, she put an end to her own
and the life of her ofTxpring. She was about
thirty-two years of age, ami leaves a husband
ami lour ciiililrcn. Coroner Frost hi l.t so
MoLaw, when I hava spok , o 1 n est o, . Z T V , . ,n California, by Mexico.
'tw. dS cof8; u,oju,ry rcr ," ,,,e u,w -0,,
rrMfautntolIvnnilluinmy mind, 1 " f lnS bui"c" "a, '"osllr of an uniir
tLesouthornrmlor por.l.m of the main I . froin8.uu ,llc. 1'robably the result of in- character.
Washinoton, Feb. 17, 9 P. M.
The Si-nr.te was called to order at the usual
hour, and proceeded to the consideration of the
regular morning business.
Mr. Dickinson-! resolutions were taken up
1 M .V-JL 1 i ..'I
upoke hi Javorof the tcn-reciment
lie was for prompt and energetic action
on our part, and would not be satisfied with
any boundary short of tha Sierra Madre, with a
total and unqualified relinquishment of tho
Mnili'i nn.l in n.. .... nr.i.. , .i '
- '' wcui mo ciiiin, (icniii irum
SOtllft in Hurt lo lli.. !..... ....I mi
,,;jU1j iiuKiiuwn. mere were
. i i. .-1 . .
.huYw S mark, of violence on the child; but at tl,t
and a. f,a. , means wliijufy ZXZ I "8? ,
otho end. I ...h,,, J'fl o.il h aving oy appearance of foul pluy.
romplvilg the .,a,rt ;, fr()m Tcrro ,,,'. -
nnsv lie, m ndveriUing lo place M BliU Tho Malamoros Flag, says ; The collection
that line un.l.-r contract h, My, , fl)llowd , f lni,.riiul taxes goe, oil wimmii.ulv W
M Him ,, i,, Kv.n.villo w',l!l ? , I ?"! U'C" "",VcJ &P'- Cll"l" i'l'l"
..... ... ...v .nuHmciory proof ol tho who action
oi ihe TruHt. cs, luHurii.j the certain completion f
...v w..,, , , ,, pdortrst p,HlblM U,e.
niii..l.li i.i.. l. ' . H ' t
,v n,X ry coiumntly on ih.l only
meant or resources provided, and which can he reli. d
on lo IImIhIi the work, I am convln.w! thnl no irrent.
rr nr tti.fs f....t ....
IZl'uT:!" t0. '""'J"r of money where
,.ui lvtl , IU c,iii8triiction. Wo shall Kui,
Mren.h now n. we ,,roc, t,l for we ,,. be e.Men.lin
the Cannl rajnJlloun into ihoVinwnnos Land Di.
met aiming our bind nmkli.R thn.n valuable aad
i.Wrin.nl.i.i fU, p,,. V ,lJ(
Krenl lheulty obinii8 JlM,rniuJ unlMB WUOT
Cot labor into the country, wo tlmll bo delayed very
much. I have had a noti,. a,,lroHM,d t.) E,nuraatl ,
' " " evicn-.ivtily publinhed in tho
"rmnu pnpera in this Country inviiinS them Income
into that .noonnes District, and work on the C.mal
ndsef.loontholuiHls-Iho,you will take pain
to send all such as come to Evansville upon the line
or if they prcl.T to settle i back of EvaiiKville, they
can do s. with "he entire certainly that tho Canal 1'
com.ng down as fast ns labor and mean, can bring it
Our friends at Evanavill... should take pai9 ,0 ive
proix.r direction lo this claw ol persons.' In May
. ,u,s ,ciiinj, ami an who want work, c
then get it. In order to judire of ihn r-,
k .i - . . . . - f
mo lust month, without including the tax for
voiicucu uy mo central government of
Mexico. Assessment rolls are being mado out
for (he latter, which, when added to the State,
city and other taxes collected here, will swell
the receipts to a handsome sum.
It was reported by Mexicans, recently ar
rived at Matamoros from the interior, that Vi
tal Fernandez, Governor of the State of T
rnaulipas Gen. Cunales, and Col. Curraneo havj
concocted a scheme having for its object the
independence of the Northern States of Mexi
co; and that they are now endeavoring to ob
tain converts to tneir views. ' Canales. we be
On motion, tlie Hou.HO resolved Itself Into a
Con.mitiee of the Whole and proceded to the
coiisnkialiouorthtj loan bill.
TfiA niMi.ii.,.1 ft i . .
. ..w.ji. -.linn, niw.-r cinisiiicmuie (iciuite, was
taken on Mr. MtKay'a substitute, to Mr. Vin
toiisainendment, providing for the Isnuo of
e.iO,UUO,0(K), of Treasury notes.
mo yeas ami nay bemg called thereon it
was lost by one majority.
ii i . ..
uu previous question was then ca led and
had, and the original bill was paused.
Brewing with tho work, you should he pl .cej in the
"Ihee ol Trusue with the responsibility resting u,,on
you ol having the w,rk done. It would bo as .rest
"appointmont to the Dond-holdors to have it fail,
it would bo to the citizent of Evannville, and il my
"pared I mean that .,Mrr shall be din,,....;,,-
te.1 in that wished for oon
llHUinuintion I .h.ll :.
- . . - ...... 1 1 ,irii
you ncn i go into liulinna again, (at least
ujr u.-irrnunniion,) and I have regretted not
sole to do so last fall. Nolliinsr but th m, ni......
n.iting and confining labor at Terre Haute for a month
preventBtl mo from doing so.
Truly, your fricnJ, CHRLE3 BUTLER.
Hove, has been outlawed by' his EOvernmen
and the colonel i in rather bad odor with all
oan uill. It M ill he seen from the
proceedings of Congress under tha telegraph
kAn,l (I.., .1. ! f . -
l,,ai l"e em ior tne negotiation of a new
loanoi&lb.OOO.OOO has passed the House
representatives, Mr. Kav'a substit ute nmnnt
in the issue of $16,000,000 of Treasury notes
instead oi the negotiation of a loan having been
ueteated by a majority of one vote.
ues Taylor Mh. Clat. The Washine
ton correspondent of the Baltimore Sun writes
in his letter of the 11th inst:
"Thinga have happened her3 within the last
VTA!.' tvhwh un'll . i
sm n i ilia nominee oi the Whig national convention,
it being n.l with Mr. Clay's approbation and aid. I
"..1 vipiaui uiese circumstances hereafter. "
fTT A bill to abolish the death penalty
and substitute solitary confinement, has been
defeated in Pennsylvania Sena-e.
Letters have been received at Washington
.which confidently state that Maj. Van Buren
who reached Vera C;uz by the last train fmm'
.the capital, will bear a project of a treaty of'105',11!1 WOOO and has acquire
jP-ace with Mexico and the United States. . (Icolor traffickiu8 in persons of his
CQThe richest man in St. Thomas, one of
the principal ports of the West Indies, is as
black as ebony. He is said to be worth not
Washington, Feb. 18,9 T. M.
t no i lesiueni cailej the S-nate toorder. n,1
u proceeded t: tho consideration of tho morn
ing business.. . .
Mr. Ashley, from tho Committee on il, In.
diciary reported a bill relating to the district
courts of Michigan.
An amendment was oflered. and. after
liscussion it was rejected.
The bill was then passed.
A bill relative to the compensation of post
masters was reported from the same commi th
read a third time and passed,
Mr. Baldw in submitted a resolution, declin
ing on tha part of the United States the reve
nuc collected in Mexico, and that all such
moneys ought to be applied to the navment f
.L.. ..I . . ' ' .,
uic nanus oi our citizens against that coun
The Vice President laid before the Senate a
report irom the Secretary, of the Treasury
"...w.i naauruerea io De printed. .
A bill for the relief of the widow of M
flicuea was passed.
n . ii .
mouon, an luruier business was
lam in order to take up the special order of tt..
nay the ten-regiment bill.
Mr. Green spoke at some len.nh ;n :
tion to the bill. vrvmgl
... i. . .
ivir iwason men ohimiiM fl. i .v.
s...... i: . uie
..w aujuurntu over until Monday.
In the House nf P
alson, from the Committee on Military Affairs
reported a bi nrovidin f, ' ".."
r i A r ... iioji services
The bill was debaledat some length without
ny definite action, when on motion, it was
A bill was also reported appropriate
ing out of power, this Administration asks for
scores oi minions io carry ii uirougu us ioccti
regardtess of cost or consequences. All they
want is money to pursue their scheme of con
oucst. and in a shape throuah which their fx-
travagance cannotbe estimated until the con
cern is reguiarty wouiki up.
Thev resist anv chance, in the tariff they
refuse to abandon the Sub-Treasury they hold
on toevrrr rartv measure, and yet they have
the audacity to demand treasury notes, to hide
iheir iniquity and to carry the in ahrouh the
JL'm.i.i l .- 1 .
Tiikir Circi'Lation. -According to thestate
mcntsasawprnto.from their offices respec-
uvciy, inecify circulation of the New York
Herald, is 9,031; that of the 'New York Tri-
bunn m 8,bo9. Kxcess of tho Herald, 172.
"Bets", have been accepted between tho two as
regards their total circulation.
The W0M1.N or Turkey A writer in Black,
wood says: "The lot of this portion of tho
Mussel men populalion is much less unhappy
than ono would be led to expect. They cer
tainly hold a secondary slat ion to society; but,
brought up as they are in the most complete
Ignorance, they are unconscious of tin ir degrad
ed portion, and know not there is a better.
they arc, in general, treated very kindly by
iiiciriiuHuariris and master, and do not tinder
go, as it supposed, either capricious or brutul
treatment. Althoueli in Kuronc thev still be.
neve a lurk to be coustuntly aurrouuded by a
muimuaeoi oduhsks, at Constantinople there
are very few OMiionlecs who have three or
even two wiver.and even these lodge in sef-
rate mansions, in general fardUtant from each
other. Almost all the Turks, with the excep
tion of the ery few above mentioned Individ-
uals, possess, in general, but one wife, to whom
they are most faithful."
to love us. Jour, of Com.
The Scientific Mechanic has the following
notice of a very wonderful lock: "The most
perfectly secure and efficient, unpickable, un-j
breakable and unburstable lock ever introduced
has recently been invented and perfected by
Mr. S. L. Chase, of Lockport, New York. It
is susceptible of 731,000,000,000,000 change
of adjustment, has no accessible a pperature in-
to winch gunpowder can De introduced, ana
could not be picked or unlocked in seven years,
even by the manufacturer therof with the key
in his possession, unless he had locked it him
self, and as to the thieves, the more they should
examine and investigate this lock, by indents,
impressions or otherwise, the more they would
not know how to open it!
Ges. Tierce and the West ToiKTuns. In
the c ourse of Gen. Pierce's late speech at Con
cord, N. H.,he remarked that he had to retract
opinions he had formerly entertained and ex
pressed in relation to the Military Academy at
West Point. He was of opinion that the City
of Mexico could not have been entered in the
way il it was, but for the science and intelli
gence in the military affairs of the officers of
the army, mostly from West Point.
TT, ..tV'nJ.uriL - Tli.-.!.., will j;d
I , . ....iv nunc tuixi.
H'ruugu oim; merchant! of that cilv. an in
surance ol 3l),000 upon his life w hich hand
some sum will now revert to I.U widow.
Home CiiImduno to Decay. This fumed
i prouu cny is not now what il once was.
Its ancient uraudcur and el
departed, tor agea the nj.irit of decay hits
bcencreepingoverit. Many of her once throng-
i-u s.ree s are now ueholutc, and her once cor
gi piis pnhiccs lie in scattered and crumbling
ruins. hut years the population has been
stead, y dec lining. The inuluria of tlm mar,.!..
rs i-steadlty pononuiglho atinosphere and pal
sying the cne.gies of ihe w hole region. Causes
cm, in tho trovidenri nf (1 ml. kilimtlw ....
powerfully at work, which will in lapse of
yiars render Bonus like Hahylon and Nineveh,
en uninhabitable desolation.
road in Georgia.
Considerable debate ensued upon it.
On motion, said bill was referred to the
Committee on Public Lands.
Tint Choleba. All accounts from tha Old
World show that America must inevitable l.
visited, and that shortly, by the terrible scours
of Cholera; and, as yet, noihinir is don
by national, State, or municipal authorities, to
prepare ior it. Most of our readers will re
member that the Cholera of 1832 and 1833 was
preceded hv r..nu,l,..v.l- :i i. .n . ,
i j aUlj inuu anu uumid win
ter like the one "now "passing. If thi, be not
proof of what may be expected, itcertainly isa
remarkable coincidence, as in both instances
accounts of Cholera in Europe reached this
country at the same season. We look for some
slight attacks be fore the dawn of another new
year, and its prevalence, as a pestileuce, du
ring the epring and summerof 1648. Bicknells
reporter suggests that a commission be ap
pointed to visit the scenea of the pestilence, to
inquire minutely into its history, and ascertain
the best prevential aud remedial measures. We
heartily endorse the proposition. While, how
ever, we perform every possible preparatory du-
y, let the dread enemy be met withouttar-1 Leo X. raised immense sums for the rearirw 7f
ot c"urf"e.s V , cnf.ouraBement of the arts and
Key. Dr. Adum, IWor of the Hroomc t.,
c'lurch, i delivering a con rue of lectuies ou
...n rumiiiioii en Jiome, to crowded au
dience. In the last lecture w hich he delivered
after dwelling on tho cctlchiatical axpect of
snaii' at Home, he mb ;
"Hut over this vast metropolis has an sir of
cliniige and decay passed. The seven hills am
distinctly vUible.but strewed and almost cov-t-rcd
with broken fragments, the ruins anddust
of her once nroud monu niont .l o rtm i HAL .
Ihe liber anil flow!, an insignificant and
sluggish stream, between its banks, forgetful of
the time when the arms and luxuries of tho
world flouted on its tide, when it
ed with the barges of princes, whose gorgeous
biinnersand silken Mils bore testimony to her
magnificence. As you look forth upon the sunny
plums of ihe Compagna, fur strcichina to tha
aee, you sea a region of sterility and death.
where the peasant! who would cultivate tha
soil drop into the grave almost as fust ai the
ram drop,, and where the country has been
mostly abandoned to Buffaloes and wild Boars.
The whole population of the P
only one-half the number w hich once inhabit
ed Home itself. Rome has not changed in her
chum to ecclesiastical power. She regards her
claim as the highest in power, her superiority,
of divine appointment.
"So of its moral aspects. Preaching is hard
ly know n. One sermon onlv I hpnrrF in i,
Sistine Chapel, in Latin, ami only six minutes
long, ui.spensations lor reading the Sacred
Sriptures are often granted, but ihe Bibles are
of such size and shape that the common peo
ple with difficulty can cbtain them. The spir
it of Rome is still seen in a picture in w hich a
victorious angel is represented as treading in
triumph on the nrostrate forma nf I ..,.!,.
l . - - a iiu
"But great chanee has naKsed nv r
man Pontiff. The wealth of linm.
, . - - - locjiiousi-
ed. &he is poor, hopelessly poor. With a debt
of ft40 000,000, the IrTteresi f, . tax of more
than 30 per cent, upon her whole income.
Mr. Dawson says, in relation to the Cholera
1832, that it was generally remarked that the
most pefect immunity was amongst those who
combined habjtsof cleanliness, temperance and
industry, with a hanrip arwi : ,
i irj - ".juu iiima
ear being reckoned amone the most rt;
cause, of ihe diaease; a proposition borne out
by the medical men who vi-i:..,! .k- -.-.i. -j
who generally escaped all attacks. JV. Y.
artists, by the sale of indulgences, but the Coun
cil oi iren t lorbade 1he sale of indulgenciesfor
money. Kings were once impoverished by
this, and wealth fjowed into Rome like rivers
of water, and Augustan elegance w as united
With AuEUStan luvnnr Rut T i ...... .
nnur ru ...ni ....
KUk 4U.uuermany to sell forciveresa
for sins and raise treasures in return. Rome
wears the aspect of proud poverty. That cov
f.T,!T.el " "Wch feliea npon borrow--'
..... .t. ... j . ivungruii.
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