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PICTURE GALLERY. 1sq! ft WM O f x -. 5 iJ -a Special Correspondence of the Cincinnati Gazette. Headquarters Army of the Cumber J.AXU, Mondaj,--Septembesil, 1363. Another battle, and would that I could say, another victory! but, alas! truth compels mc to declare that, after a series of tremendous struggles, unsurpassed by anything similar in the present war. the Army of the Cumberland has been over whelmed by numbers; has suffered im mense losses in men and material, and has fallen back to a new position. It may console us to know, however, that it has saved its honor, kept its haughty foe at bay, and has inflicted upon the enemv as severe blows as it received. Bur let me not anticipate. I propose to tell you a plain, unvarnished tale, into I which my own personal observations and j experience shall largely enter, but which shall, at the same time, be a faithful re cord of the general features of the great contest I have just witnessed. If you have received my letters, they have made you aware of the progress of events down to the 17th inst, but a brief i recapitulation may not be out of place 'TM L-l . . v.. j ue reoei army, auer evacuating Uhat tanooga, retired to Lafayette, twenty eight miles to the southward, concentra ted his troops at that point, restored their courage and hopes by the promise of re inforcements, and awaited the arrival of the same. Meantime he took possession of the gaps in Pigeon Mountain (which General Rosecrans must cross in order MEDICAL. B. J. DAY, PHYSICIAN & M. D., SURGEON. KXASIXMG SURGE0X FOR PENSIONARY. OFFICE On Second Street, between Main and Wnst. liEsI L'ENCE At Sherwood House. n iisville. January 6, 18S3. 8. W, THOMPSON, M. D., PHYSICIAN & SURGEON , i n m A!tr Residence No. 35 Walnut Street (At Dr. Ronald OM C-J. B VANSVILLE, novjy-lj ,E. INDIANA. DRY GOODS to reach the Georgia State road, and the great railroad which formed Bragg's line commanders as Mitchell and McCook. or communication wun Atlanta,) and carefully fortified them. This obstruc tion delayed for some days the advance of our forces, which had already crossed the Raccoon and Lookout Mountains. and gave the enemy time not only to re cover tneir spirits, out to receive a por tion of their re-enforcements. Hitherto our army had been marching in three great columns Crittenden, followed by Granger, by way of Chattanooga; Thom as by way of Trenton ; and McCook, with Stanley's cavalrv, still further to the ! I rrL " J ! . - " - -- jnwcaoiu" II u 111- , I ' 1 w J - - . s , Mill. At the same time a strono- column who frequently made their appearance ; on me oiner siae or tne stream, i ne skirmishers were firing almost continu I allv, and occasionally the deep roar of a j cannon preceded or followed by the whiz and bursting of a shell, according as the : missile was hurled toward or from our ! lines. This state of things continued until one ; o'clock, when Van Cleve moved from his I place in line, and took position upon ( Wood's left, while Palmer, marching by : the left flank, came into communication ; with Wood's right. This made an im j mense opening between General Critten I den's corps and the left wing of General j Thomas, which was eventually filled by j another geueral shifting from south to j north. Meantime the sound of a brisk can j uonade in the direction of Ringgold in ; dicated either that our mounted troops, j or Gen. Granger's corps, were engaged with the enemy. From half-past one to three, couriers came dashing past, now from Minty and now from Wilder, bear ing dispatches to Wood, or Crittenden, or Rosecrans, the general tenor of which was that they were fighting the enemy briskly, and although meeting with some losses, were firmly-Wldingv-their ground. in tact, there were to-day three sepa rate affairs, each one of which is of suffi cient importance to engage for a moment the attention of the historian. By marching on the east side of the Tennessee, from Bridgeport immediately to the rear and left of Gen. Crittenden, Gen. Gordon Granger, with the reserve corps, had reached a position a few miles south of Chattanooga. On Friday morn ing he sent Gen. Steadman with two of his brigades, Col. Dan. McCook's and Co:. John G. Mitchell's, to beat up the enemy's quarters in the vicinity of Reid's bridge over the Chickamanga, and dis cover his intentions in that direction. The movement .vas successful. Col. Mc Cook claims to have first encountered Longstreet's men; and the fact that he brought in some twenty-five prisoners from McNary'8 brigade of Hood's divi sion, is pretty solid evidence that his claim is well founded. Advancing to ward Ringgold, the two brigades, after some skirmishing, were about to engage a mucn larger rorce 01 reoeis wnen a peremptory order arrived for them to fall back immediately to their old posi t'on. The whole affair was well man aged, and reflects credit upon General Steadman as we 1 as the officers and men engaged. The truth is, Gen. Steadman is himself an officer of no mean ability, and may well be proud of such brigade 1 have watched the course of the latter very carefully for the past year, and have never known aught to fail in his hands. Of Col. Mitchell I shall have occasion to speak hereafter. On Thursday Minty and Wilder were at Reid's bridge, but on Friday morning Wilder moved to Anderson s bridge, higher up the creek. During the day the latter closely watched the enemy's movements, and observed a troop of rebel cavalry come through Napier's gap I 111 rigeon mountain, and move toward KEEN & PRESTON 3 , AVE -U ST RECEIVED A LARGE AND El eueral tasorWM of Desirable Dry Goods, ii'v; 1, -.v .-Tto the "trade" to call and ex- - - r.tM-a: believinc. knowing, ; ot the army rhrxcan auve dealers additional freight and ex- ; man(Tai at Gordon 3 Mill, the point where . .. 1 1 11 Ti M mm il laSUP i . P .. , A !- i. bers and boldness of the enemv comDell ed a concentration of our forces as rap- whole army was in line along the West f!hicaman?a. between the Lookout and Pigeon Mountains, and just to the East of that low chain of wooded bills called Mission Ridge. On Thurday; the 17th, the army shifted toward the North, con tracted its lines, and as the enemy's dem onstrations became each hour more threatening prepared for battle. 1 On. Friday morning the extreme left of the armv rested upon the Llncka- come over, directly in front of Wilder. Both attacked simultaneously. Wilder succeded in repulsing his opponents, but Hanky's flank being turned by the rebels, he was considerably distressed, until the more fortunate Wilder sent two regi mints and a section of artillery to his as sistance. With the help of these he maintained his ground; but the same movement bv which the rebels had suc- would be much shorter than it was the day before. A night march of a large body of troops is a solemn thing. The soldiers scarcely speak a word to each other; the animals move with a dull mechanical motion which hardly resembles life: the rattle of the wagon wheels seems strange ly muffled, and almost the only sound you recognize is the heavy, measured awful tramp of thousands of living men! For the first-half of the night during which the march I am referring to took place, everything was eomforable enough but near midnight it turned freezingly cold, and as it was necessary, after pass ing General Crittenden, for us to feel ! our way with caution, long, wearisome ! haults took place, during which skirm isbers would scour the woods immediate- ! ly upon our front and right flank. The j boys who were not skirmishing becom- i ing very cold during these haults, began j to kindle fires at every stopping place to j warm themselves. At first they made these fires of logs of wood and rails ta- 1 ken from the neighboring fences, but af terward they ceased to trouble them selves aoout removing tne rail ui ut.i fire to the fences themselves wherever they chanced to stop. In the course of an hour a line of fires stretching all along the Lafayette road illuminated the clouds above, and showed the silent col umns of General Thomas gliding by like an army of spectres! I rode for a considerable portion of the march at the head of the renowned 1st Michigan battery, engaged in iow conversation with the manly and intelli gent officer who commanded it, Lieuten ant Van Pelt. He seemed more than usually connaent ana cneeriui, nttle an- j ticipating, poor fellow! the fate which j awaited him on the morrow. "Do you think." said he to me, ' that j we shall engage the enemy?'" "If we can avoid it," I replied, " I J feel pretty sure we will not? '' " why then this movement I he asked. "Doubtless," said I, "to prevent the enemy from turning our left flank, which they have alldayjbeen threatening tojdo." He looked at me earnestly. "Then you believe they are endeavoring to bring on a battle? " "I certainly believe they are," 1 an swered. "Do you know anything of their strength?" he next inquired. "Not certainly," I replied; but in ad dition to Bragg's old army. Longstreet's corps from Virginia, and at least twenty thousand men from Johnston's army are in front of us." " No matter," said he, " we shall beat them. Men righting in a cause like ours must conquer in the end." Just then Gen. Baird came riding by with some members of his excellent staff. I recognized them by the light of one ofthe fires. "General," said I, "shall we go to Chattanooga to-night?" "No," he replied. "We shall go a mile or two further, take position upon the left, and await the enemy.' " Then," said I, turning to Van Pelt. " a battle to-morrow is inevitable.-' u Very well," he re narked, " we shall all have an opportunity to shoic again , our devotion Jo our country. " IJ -I , IIIC aaavTaawj ...... , tion, and the marching columns facing to the right stood in order of battle look ins toward the east. An hour or two longer and the sun arose in glory, thawed the crisp white frost which had collected Ittpon the grass, dispersed the mists that had gathered rmmd the tons of the mountains, and ot rolden lignt into kip an excursion undertaken for the purpose ot gaining knowledge of the surround ing country. All three of us agreed that it was a hazardous experiment to attempt making our way back to the army, the nearest portion of which was distant half a dozen miles. But the citizen wanted to get back, the Engineer said he ought to be back, and my own duties in that direc tion were absolutely imperative. So off we started. At the very first note of danger our citizen friend turned back toward Chat tanooga. 1 did not blame him much. He had been giving us information dam aging to the enemy, and in all probabil ity his proximity to the rebels caused lively images of a scaffold and halter to dance through his brain. My engineering friend continued with me although he became exceedingly, and at last provokingly anxious to avoid the main road and take off upon any bridle path or by-path which turned westward. A few miles riding brought us so far enough on tbe way that we began to get glimpses of that strea 11 of wreck, debris and cut their way through the enemv, and a horde of traitors rushed up to the muzzles of the now harmless pieces. Van Pelt, almost alone, stationed him self in front of them and drew his sword. "Scoundrels," said he, "dare not to j touch these guns ! " The miserable bar- oarians, unable to ariiirepuitp true hr- . ri w , ... aw 1 vra wt j 1 . - 1 . , i.m, brutally murdered him wher hp I stood. 1 fete history of the war furnishes not an incident more touching and sub lime than the death of Lieutenant Van Pelt. All the guus of the battery, save one, ftll into the enemy's hands. Along the entire line of the left and center there were similar instances of heroism, only two or three of which I have time to mention. A ana the hands of the taken subsequen charge of the infantrv and This battery is attached to Gen. Stark weather's brigade. During the fierce assoult unon tho 1st division, the 2d Ohio, being in confusion. 11- i, ... .V tual annihilation, when a new danger caused Thomas to halt. While our left was remorselessly driving the rebels, Polk and Hill, collect ing their chosen legions, threw them with great impetuosity npon Palmer and Van Cleve. in order to affect a di version An obstinate overpowering numbers of the enemy speedily broke to I pieces large portions of our two divis ! ions, especially Van Cleve's. In fact, j the route of this part of our line was j becoming as complete as that of the en ; emy's right, when Davis, who had been marching up to intersect with Van Cleve's ! left, arrived upon the ground, went in i most gallantly, and, for a time restored in that localitv the fortunes nf tnn J.. t onetime aakBtlsmaia .f th. At, r,i: K-. .1 1 : .. . , i." y - o-"" v uui- 1 iiui me enemy, snowing mat ail aepn1 battery (Lapt Bush,) were all in j ed upon his affecting a diversion in favoi enemy, but were re- of Longstreet, massed nearly the Hi 11T o oimnUonAA... C U Mll f , - -vi j " luiicuus ui ma avauauie iorce. nurieu it un Van Cleve. and mingled life and mangled humanitv was rallied bv Gen. Baird in rrnn nn.l whbh nlwoj-a flyo !"...,- . '. ... 1 1 . (lolj. ...1 1. , . -cli'vvv Uaie. for a time we -, ... asKed the news or eacn one we came to, and the replies filled us alternately with sorrow, with indignation, with keen apprehension and with hopes. One said the battle had been going on several hours, and our arms had met with disaster along the whole line. Another declared that although un successful at first, our troops at length recovered their ground, and were now driving the enemy. Here comes a single soldier, covered with dust and sweat. Let ns question him. "Where do you belong?" '-To the Regular brigade." "Has it been engag ed this morning?" 'T should think Tt had." "With what result?" "h was nearly all cut to pieces." "Which regi ment is yours?' "The 16th I'nited States Infantry." "Did it suffer much?" 'Only thirty or forty of its members are left. Here is a man with an arm roughly bandaged and very bloody. The blood has dried upon it and banc's to it in great black "Private "What ire you clots. "Who of the 38th Indiana." news have vou?" "Bad news enough." "Has your regiment been in the fight?" '-If it has not no one has," "With what result?" "One-third of its numbers are killed and wounded." ,;Weie yen wl ipp ;d?" "Our brigade.was left unsupported, overpowered ;by num bers and compelled for a time to g;ve way." ' Is Colonel Scribner safe?" "So far as I know, he is." Another with a ghastly wound in the head has upon his jacket the red stripes which show him to be an artilleryman. "Whose battery do you belong to?" "Guniiher'-s." ""Why that is She regular battery belonging to General King's brigade; what has it been doing?" "It has all been taken by the enemy." "Can it be possible?" "It is, but I have heard since that it was retaken." "How came it to be lost?" "The infantry sup ports gave way, and the horses being nearly all killed of course the guns were captured. The stream drew stronger and strono-- innrns hHmI with wounded, came in iUaior-ijeneral .1. J. Revnold. who combines the chivalrous courage of an olden knight, with the cool, calm ability of a Turenne. had time, not only to keep his own division in effective order, but to give his generous assistance to the forces around him. A tremendous onslaught of the enemy, broke Gen. Palmer's lines, and scattered several of his regiments in wild dismay, toward the rear. Amongst these was the 6th Ohio, which, in charge of the fine spirited Anderson, had, up to this moment, nobly maintained its ground. Gen. Reynolds perceiving the danger, quick as lightning threw himself amongst the brave but broken Guthries. " Boys!" he shouted, " are you the sol diers of the 6ta Ohio, who fought with me at Cheat Mountain? You never turned your backs upon traitors in Vir ginia. Will you do it here?" "No! no!'rthey screamed almost fran tically. "Lead us back! leadusback!" From every quarter came rushing up the scattered fragments of the regiment : with magic swiftness they reformed the ranks; with General Reynolds at their head they charged the insolent enemy, and after a moment's struggle every rebel in front of them not killed or wounded, was in contused retreat The example of the 6th Ohio was com municated to the flying fragments of other regiments, and it is a fact which will long be memorable in the history of this battle, that these rallied stragglers, principally from Palmer's division, re formed ranks almost of their own accord, and drove back the enemy who had been victoriously pressing on. But I cannot linger to gather up these scattered facts. Let me endeavor to give a brief and succinct view of the course of events on Saturday, and then pass on to the great drama of the succeeding day. The shifting of Thomas' corps during the night of Friday placed it ou the left of the line in the following order: Bran non on the extreme left, Baird next, and Beynolds next. Negley was assisting Wood to held the passage of Owen's Ford and the nosittrm of K"KA"n'. MiJi- r .iniinson , 1 navinrr come up to tne new ' . .. . - sooner tnan ine rest, rejuiicu long procession .romtowam ! , nri,PS. aild was Signed to A. O. PUSHEE, bEALKS IN Foreign 5c American Fancy Goods, OMBS, BRUSHES, PURSES, WALLETS, Kiiti-heis, Toilet Soaps Runner Goods, GAMES. YANKEE SOTHWS Ladies' Baskets, CHtiarena Cabs. No. 20, Main Street, EVANSVII.LF., - the Lafavette road crosses the Lhicka manga, about twelve miles south-west of Chattanooga. The right could only be looselv defined and was in a consta . ... a state ot preparation to sunt nortnwara, in order to bafflle the rebels who seemed nni:rr n Hood ceeded in turning Minty s right nanK en- , vaey 0t" the Chickamauga, showed at abled them to get upon Wilder's left, and ; jpagt tw0.thirds of the entire Union army in his rear. Under these disadvantage- i drawn up jn battle arrav. Not that any ous circumsances the latter was com- : jjyj, save old Sol, could see them nelled to renew the fight; but although . , Tn ' rnii r nature of the ground, JC . severely presseu, ue bucvcwn iu nuiu... , covere(j aimjst everywhere Dl the bridge till near dark, inen rresn . forces ot the enemy coming up, ana nis own men rieino entirely exhausted. Wil- thick Ac. INDIANA bent upon turning our left and getting . er began to fall back. 1 he rebels per between us and Chattanooga. ; ceivintr this, made a determined effort to About 11 A. M., hearing some can nonading to the northward, I started from near the center of our lines, and, j a me &DC a half of Gordon's Mill, where ridinc past Palmer s and Van Cleve s di O 1 r. ,,r tf . cut him off. He slowly retired, resisting, sit everv steD. until he arrived within a JuAW CARDS. CHARLES DENBY, Attorney tit Law, Has mmmed the practice of Law. Office on Third Street, u.itldle of Hall's Block, np stairs. u-DZ visions, came upon lien. ooa s troops I at Gordon's Mill. Here had this daunt- less commander been stationed for a week, liable at any moment to be at i tacked from Lafayette by the whole army of the enemy and cut to pieces before assis ance could reach him. But it was i n matter of the last importance that JAMES RE I D , Attorney at Law AND COLLECTING AGENT. OFEICE "On Third Street, third door from Main Street, in the Crescent City Bank Bnildmg, EVANSVILLE, INDIANA. frb-25-lj Jas. T. Walker, JUSTICE OP THE PEACE AND Agent for obtaining Pensions, Back Pay and Bounty UOR DISCHARGED SOLDIER, AND FOR F the Wi'lowa and other legal representatives of those who die in the service of tlie United States, office on the North-West side of Third Street, near the Washington House nd nearly opposite the Conrt Hon e, ETansrille. Indiana. All business eutmsted to him will 1 promptly attended to. jyW-ly the 44th Indiana and o9th Ohio coming to his assistance, he was enabled to check the rebels and encamp for the night. During the night his own pickets and those ot tne enemy aciuany gruspeu each other's guns in the darkness, and several times engaged in fierce struggles for their possession ! S Before davlight, Wilder was ordered while Crittenden s main body was mov- ; t0 tne Lafayette road and take position ing to form a junction with Thomas, the there, which he did, throwing up for his ' rebels should not oe anowea to get m i protection a breastworK ot raus. When Friday night came, few expect ed a battle next day; but the movements of Thomas and McCook toward the left, I commenced this time and carried on un der cover of the darkness, indicated to the reflecting that the rebel foe was still ! menacing our line of communication I with Chattanooga, aud that a final posi- commence. troops coming IVOBYTYPES, PHOTO GR APS tne rear of the former and take posses sion of Chattanooga. Consequently, : Wood was ordered to hold this important ' point at all hazards, and as long as pos sible, and ii overpowered to fall back to ' Rossville, renew the fight there, and then , if he could not sustain himself, to retreat ', to the foot of Look jut Mountain, and at I the narrow passage between it and the J j river to fight while a man remained. To ! ! execute his difficult and perilous task i Gen. Wood had but two brigades, Har- j : kef s and Buell's, Gen. Wagner's com- j I mand of his division having been left in , j Chattanooga. But, as there was no hesitation on his ; part to undertake the -business, there was no nincning manuesteu aiuuugst "s mjn in standing by him. Scarcely an hour of that long, weary week passed without a skirmish. On Thursday night the concentration of our forces in the AXD arcl 1? iotures, ALSO, WEDDING CARDS, Mounted in Beautiful Style, AT Adam's PhotograpUla Gallery, OVER P0ST-OFICE. tion,,was about to be taicen up ior tue purpose of defending this Hue and giving battle to the enemy if he desired it ; for it was not our intention to fight if we could just as well avoid it. I say this with great confidence. Of course Gen. Rosecrans has not told me of his designs, neither has any one whom 1 might con sider authorized to speak for him. But so great is my reliance upon the wisdom and generalship of Rosecrans; so much j in our case was to be gained by delay ; wa it that the enemy naa with oods, rendering it impossible in many places to see even the .vhole ot a single regiment. As soon as the sun was fairly risen, I , mounted my horse, intending to rule to the extreme left of our line, and thence proceed from left to right, so as to get as accurate an idea of it us possible be fore the real work of the day should Riding about a mile 1 saw into the road trom tne woods to the east of it, and had 1 not per ceived through mv glass that they were habited in blue, I should have judged from the direction whence they came that they were a portion of the rebel army. Suddenly I saw a courier shoot out from the crowd and coming toward me hatless and with frantic speed. As he. came, a dozen rifle cracks from the woodH skirtinir a corn-field ho w:is nassinsr. informed me tile demonstrations of some kind were being made in our immediate vicinity, j I halted until the courier came up. lie delivered his dispatches to another horse man who immediately started with them a 1 f n riii I toward the headquarters oi uen. xmvmna battle was raging. -Men witti wounus oi every imaginable description not affect ing their locomotion, came staggering by nntooL and scores even of those who had been shot in their lower limbs, hob bled slowlv on through blinding masses of dat, which at times concealed every- j thing from view. At length we reached the hospital for Gea. Brannan's division. The house had already been filled. The outhouses had been brought into requisition, and large numbers of sufferers were lying on the ground in the yard. In one corner was an operating table, beneath which lay the .isiiai quantity of legs, arms, hands, feet, fingers and toes. Here and there among the wounded were some cold and stiff, 'the seal of death upon their conn j temner-s. These had died after being curried to the yard. ; During all this time the roar of battle ! in front of us never ceased for a mo ment, and now we began to get authentic intelligence of the progress and inci dents ofthe fight. The flame of battle bad first broken n,-.t. unon the extreme left, where Gen. Hranuan's division was posted. The troops composing it behaved rnot gal lantly; some of the regiments had cov ered themselves with glory, but tney I 1 T LJ . . . I a position upon tne lert oeiween snv and Reynolds. Two divisions of Crit tenden's corps held the center of the line, Palmer on the right of Reynolds, and Van Cleve next to Palmer. When the and Sheridan, ot ic- Davis drove the form.-r to the left and the latter to the ri" at, and boldly entered the opeuing thus made. It was just at this juncture that Thom as's troops, whose attention had been uiiitvu mj me eiireine danger ot onr center, began to return. Reynolds immediately sent the heroic Williams to the assistance of Davis, and the celebrated brigade of mounted in fantry at first scattered the enemv in ter ror before them. But the persevering rebels, rallying again, and charging in fresh numbers, even Wilder began to fall slowly back. General Sheridar, who had been following alter Davis, now came up and led Colonel Bradley's bri gade into the fight. It held its own nobly until the reikis, in large force, getting possession of a piece of timber near its flank, opeued upon it an enfilad ing fire, which compelled it to give way. But now new actors appeared upon the scene, Wood and Negley, who had gal lantly repelled the assaults of the enemy at Owen's Ford, (assaults intended as a feint to conceal the design of the rebels against our left.) came up to the rescue. Their troops went to work with a will The progress of the enemy against Davis, division Van Cleve and Sheridan was speedily Maury's 1 T"a . s cnecKea. tteynoids, returning from the pursuit of Longstreet, assisted in rally ing the broken battalions of Palmer. Thousands of our scattered troops reor ganized almost of their own accord. Baird. Brannan and Johnston resumed their places. A consuming fire swept all along our front. The rebels retired everywhere before it, and before sunset our line was again in battle array upon almost precisely the ground held that morning. Just before dusk the enemy, as if in spite for bis unsuccessful efforts, opened a heavy fire of artillery and musketry upon the same troops, and continued it until after nightfall. But it was so promptly returned that he sustained cer tainly as much injury as he inflicted, and about six o'clock drew off entirely leaving the day clearly our own. During the night of Sa urday some change was made in the disposition of And deeper than this solicitude for ! his own personal fortuues mast have been his anxiety for the republic ; for the destruction of his army on the mor row would be a disaster to the nation well nigh irreparable, while, a decisive victory would dispel the last lingering fears of the patriot and make all loyal, liberty loving hearts in oar own and all other lands bound with ecstatic joy! To-morrow came. No sound of crack ling musketry or roaring cannon, or bursting shell disturbed the peacefnlness of that Sabbath morning. The Sabbath! yes, it was the blessed day of rest rest given in mercy by kind heaven to un grateful man. Will the battle be renew ed to-dav? If so, it will be by the action ofthe enemy, ior Gen. Rosecrans dojs not willineiv fight on the Sahhath Tl j - t 11 or I first hour after sunri3e passed? "Sure- whole y, said our officers and soldiers, "there win oe no ngm; ior n tne enemv had in tended to attack us he would, following his usual tactics, have fallen upon us at daybreak.'' Two hours more had gone by, and some dropping musketry began to be iiear-J along the yaruina narta "tie. r many, at about ten o clock there were several fierce volleys, and the loud booming of half a dozen pieces of artil lery announced that the enemy had again, as on the day before, assaulted ! our left. And now that the battle has begun, let I us glance one moment at the contending I forces. On one side is our old army j which fought at Stone River, re-enforced j by two divisions (Brannan's and Rey I nolds ) of Thomas corps, and Stark i weather's brigade of Baird's division. But counterbalancing these to some ex tent, Post's brigade of Davis' division and Wagner's of Wood's were both ab sent. We might or might not also rely for assistance upon Steadman s division of Gen. Granger's corps. Opposed to these was the old Army of the Tennessee, which Bragg had so long commanded; Longstreet s formidable corps from Virginia; one-half of John ston's army from Mississippi; Buckner's trom .hast iennessee: Dabnev 8 division from Mobile; Brigadier jrenerai Liee s command trom Atlanta, and from twelve to fifteen thousand fresh troops in the service of the State of Georgia; in all, amounting, to at least seventy-five thousand men. The Union army confronting them was certainly not more than fifty-five thousand strong. The firing which had begun npon our left, swelled almost immediately into a dreadful roar, which filled even the souls of the bravest with awe. Nothing that I have yet listened to since the breaking out of the war, exceeded it in continuity and volume of sound. It was not a tu mult which now rages and now subsides; but one which for two long hoars, rolled incessantly all along the lines of Thom as' seemingly devoted corps. So loud was the crash of musketry, that the re peated dischirges of cannon following each other in quick succession, could with difficulty be distinguished, and seemed only like more emphatic pas- our forces, and the line was so far with- j sages in the grand diapason of thunder drawn that it rested along a cross road I ous harmony which burst from the vast running northeast and south-west, and ! connecting the Rossville with the La- j oWe""irTtnV n?st piace. me new line that formed was a mile shorter than that of the day before. General Rosecrans' headquarters were removed from the house belonging to the widow Glenn, near the ri"ht of the line, to a point some- i what nearer the Lafayette road, and in i view of the center, and every prepara I tinn was made that trenius, science and clouds ot smoKe ana aust enveloping the conteuUmg uooia iiatt e Dewan, wans iiui7.-iiuu,u. - , , . v i iv. Cook's corns, were rapidly marching to- i patriotism could make, to beat back the vara the left, to complete tne nne aim . . TT t I take position on thjpn-ight ot van t,iee. Generally, the line took the direction of the Cbiekamauga, withdrawn upon the left so as to follow for a considerable dis tance the course of the Lafayette. road, which runs directlv north and soutn. ...U.kin nf tLo enpmv shonld tbev avniauiuo v. j , . j venture upon an attack the next day. The changes in the order of the differ ent divisions made the new line stand thus: One brigade of Negley's division I was near the extreme right; then came Johnson, then Baird, then Palmer, then The rebels had been maneuvering an neyno.uo, -.- V T fi,Qn day on Friday about the position at Gor- other brigades, then Van ( leve. then don's M l and seeing its great strength Wood, and then Sheridan. Wilder and ffjmewS our left flank doubtless I Minty, with their mounted force, held wl Z::VLs purpose of compelling i the extreme r.gh t I have Vgj General Rosecrans to abandon it As I the general order of our line. Kmtan t leVJft must be protected at all hazards. I and Van Cleve 1 their plans partially succeeded, and the what in reserve The other divisions SZeCiSS- of Thomas from right ' had reserves detailed from their own reg- ofi r.n ! rlllilV lllnt. SO inr SUIICU liuciua ...g their designs. But it rendered our own l-ft so stronsr that it lecame impossible lor the rebels to turn it, as they had all albbg hoped to do. lhe attempt on our ! partlo hold Gordon's Mill after this ' transfer, perhaps occasioned too great a lentrhtening ot our lines, auu consequent i so evJent A o,nct no am not hit Ot hlS en- vicinity of the mill, promised these faith- ; Ure avaible force making him for the ful guardians relief, and on Friday morn- j tQQ 8trong for us; so plain was it ing, at the hour I have mentioned, len-; , hMnc the fortifications at Chatta- eral v ood touno mar. nis iu ungauco still in position, constituted the extreme SOAP AND CANDLES. TUilip Decker, (Kacceseor to Decker A Kramer), Manufacturer of Lard Oil SOAP AND CANDLES. Also, an extra article ef BCSSIXU, EXUINK, A -V B CAB Oil Dealers iu Rusiu, Soda, Ashes, Ac. Also Pure Catawba Win if oiirawa raining, in quantities t snit pur chasers, 116 Main ftreet, between First and fieoni, Etassvui e, Isdiana. eSB Terms cash, or CO days' paper negotiable it. jau-ii left division of the army in line, only ; ! Wilder's mounted infantry and Minty's : cavalry being any further down the Chickamauga. A stronger position naturally, than that which General Wood occupied, can 1 scarcely be imagined. The creek at Gordon's Mill bends round in the form ' of a semi-circle, the convexity being to ward the south, whence the enemy would ; have advanced toward Gen. Wood. An i eminence, forming what would be a diam eter of the circle if completed, runs from east to west, uniting the extremities of . the bend. Upon this General Wood had placed his artillery. The creek itself, of considerable depth, and with a bank sev eral feet high upon our side ot it, consti tuted a splendid ditch, and all along its bank lay Wood's men, behind a rude but efficient breastwork of logs and rails. 1 am particular in describing this po sition because the enemy's movements made for the purpose of avoiding it, were the immediate cause of bringing on the battle of Saturday. Here was Gen. Wood when I found him on Friday, expecting momentarily that the storm which vas now so evi- nooo-a was our best position for defensive purposes; so obvious indeed was a nun dred reasons why we should just then have avoided a battle, that 1 think I run no hazard of contradiction from official sources when I assert, that if General Rosecrans could have honorably post poned an engagement with the enemy he would unquestionably have done so. But the enemy bad collected what he be lieved to be a sufficient force to crush our gallant army; the necessities of bis i situation would not allow him to wait; '. he could easily turn our flanks by reason of his superior numbers; he knew that ; we could not afford under any circum stances to allow him to get between us and Chattanoooga; he saw his opportu ' nity, and he determined to seize it All night long on rriaay mgui iu mnmit of Thomas' corps continued. I then asked the hatless courier wnat troops those were ahead. He informed me that they were the two brigades (Col. Mitchell's and Col. McCook s) of Gen. flnrrlnn'a corns, who had been skirmish ing the dav before in of Reid's Bridge and ot Kinggold. as have already described. They had come to form a junction with the main army, had halted and were waiting for orders. 'Are you going back to them now?" I inquired of the courier. " I am," he replied, " but it is hazard ous business; for the woods just on the other side of that cornfield are lined with rebel sharpshooters, who fire at any one passing along the road; just now they fired quite a volley at me as I came through." , As I wished to reach these troops ot n ftmnffpr's. in order to learn from them whatlhey had beeu doing the day the dense before, this answer was a lutie aibuom-acino-. Nevertheless my curiosity finally prevailed over my apprehensions, anu myself and the courier started back upon a full gallop. Gf course the sharpshoot ers paid us their respects, and more than Knllot whistled uncomfortably close UUO i;ui iu. - to our ears while rianopprous rrauntlet -o - . .., 1,1 u none ot them nit enuer oi us, aiuiuuKu one cut the hair from my horse's mane. Scarcely had I reached our troops in safety, when an order from General Ros ecrans, which had reached General Gran eer by another route, directed the two brigades to tan oacs at once luiwaamis, If any one wishes to get a general but at the same time a clear idea ot tne na ture of the battle-held ot Sunday, let mm imagine two roads, the Rossville and La fayette, gradually approaching each other as they run northward, the average distance between them over the space i . -, . m . i .t -.-!-. tn.i n i hp v h h vii irnr' utvu were compelled to retire at length, leav- iy too . Z T" 1 two mi'es. As we lo .k southward the along which ing uncovered the et Haul, oi uenera "7-1 Toon the rrht win2 to ' low wooded range of hills called Mission that bos- Baird, upon which the enemy w w "Kr - ;. tn t : R:dffe. is upon our right, and away to the here would have fully secured that flank left flows the Chickamauga. Between enaUed ustobid defiance to the rebels the ridge and the creek, and especial y 71 tl, contracted our ; between the two roads, the country is IU llJill uuttuu", 6 -V il front and released for immediate serv ice on Saturday the splendid divisions of Negley and Wood. The entire dis-1 tance over which the line extended was a little short of three and a half miles. It was between teu and elever. when Crouton's brigade, of Brannan's division, going down to a ford over the creek, just opposite their position, encountered the D . 1 .. , .t r t(itr-l Ik 1(1 ment it was thrown into coniusion, mm ewu-, -- . SS moment sufficed to place the rebels after a iKTCIHVftVwiHW""' . j I'.n, tho remainder Ol Brannan 8 Uiyi- auic sion mell towara tne iuru " -",:- ' m fir.a L-ent ihrpOT himself with srreat force. The brigade commanded by Colonel B. F. Scribner, 38th Indiana, one of the very first in the armv. was left particu larly exposed, as "its right flank had been somewhat too far advanced where it had taken position in the morning. Almost before its pickets were driven in, it found itself literally surrounded by thrice its numbers, who came on with their infernal yells, pouring volley after the neighborhood volley of deadly bullets into the very bo- r: .1.1 I onm ot this fallanl nni;aue. ru. a ne- 1 L j 1 I "U1U. l vJ - - O upon its front, flanks, and rear. l-ut it 33d, and 94th Ohio, the 38th Indiana, the 10th Wisconsin, and Loomis' battery are composed ;of the best material iu their , respective States, and their commander, j Scribner, had succeeded in infusing into them his own magnanimous and gallant spirit Gathering together their broken rauks under the infernal fire which every instant mowed them down, and fol- lowinc their heroic leaaer, tne umg P , . .i legions, surrou iiuiug iu-iu, and like a whirlwind in h lores, tore their way through. . But, alas ! the guns of the immortal 1st Michigan battery were left behind those black, stem-looking rifled cannon mostly level, and is covered with dense forests of oak and'.pine, interspersed here and there with small cornfields. This ; tho .rpiiprnl idea of a battlefield des tined to be immortal the historia n. That was indeed a night of awful sus pense which settled around us after the last gun had been fired on Saturday. It was very chilly and cold, and much suffering amongst the wounded was oc casioned thereby. Those who were still although they too were miTrm rsejo s urnswn. an Olio o . . . - - - as well as its tamous leader, suxxi uieir ground nobly; but being somewhat iso Fated from "the remainder of the line, finally retired. It will be remembered that the other brigades of Negley's di vision were posted much further to the right A desire to re-unite the two por tions of his command, induced General Rosecrans to send General Wood to take (ieneral Neslev's place in line until the latter should efl'ect the re-union of his , brigades. Wood proceeded immediately I to execute the order, filling np the gap j as Neglev retired. The rebels under i standing this movement of Negley's to j be a retreat, immediately advanced their ' skirmishers, not only here, bat all aloug : the left, an I the fighting at once became , terrific, as 1 have described. The rebels. however, soon ceased to attack General i Wood's front, and for a time appeared to devote their entire attention to General Thomas. I went down to the extreme i left of Gen. Wood's position about this time, and looking thence into some corn fields, could see the desperate efforts of : the enemy to break the lines of Brannan and Reynolds. The soldiers of these two noble divisions were lying oeninu rude breastworks of logs and rails con structed the night before; their artillery in the rear tired over their heads: and it really seemed as if that long line of defenses was some immense serpent, in stinct with hideous life and breathing continually from his huge rough sides volumes of smoke and flame. CoL Van deveer. 35th Ohio, of Brannon's division, was fighting here with a brigade second to but few in the service. The Colonel himself is a true hero, and the command and commander are worthy of each other. Here also was the brave and ; ahle Turchin with a brigade composed who won ior : he in turn drfven pell-' exposed to tne numotng co.u tnou W. inLrd the ford. Another terrible little oflthe.r physical condition .. T : J f., r.f True" no warm nres sept charge by tne large V"""!?. nf th frost from their limbs, miahpn r t : 1 f " K ine ffuuic vi , . I , . the Rrnnnan's division, involving Baird. who at once became fiercely en o-ao-ed. lhe Keguiars the withdrawal of Brannan s men, .. a- c n.;n.ir,oll- nf Ohin trnonft. themselves and the State that sent them forth immortal honor daring the con flicts of that day. Again and again the rebel lines ad vancing from the cover of the woods into the open cornfields charged with impetu ous fury and terrific yells toward the breastworks of logs and rails, bat each XiTii" tne neice idhr num om uoikhot and battalions swept over and around them, and their ranks were crumbled and swept away as a bank of loose clay washed by a rushing flood. But as fast as one line fell off another appeared, rushing sternly on over the dead and, ' bleeding bodies of their fallen comrades, t -r rrima vn. ceplriny to retrain o y . fT. u. n. niii. No i - i i :.! iVv-t their hodilv depriva- itK lost laurels of yesterdav i-nicn iuej ft .-. . t . ... , u" , pnrn, gu a it, l. U t ca-lA in liiuuvi. t r I the lending them the assistance of a division, and Buckm-rs troops were throwing almost reverentia we were running this because upon a dozen battle lields 1 had But fortunately seen them hlmging destruction uuu - ranks of traitors, and never Knew uiem once turned against a legion of my coun . i il,a.r nnt sf alter trv s enemies, wmvn wj . . like leaves before the blast, liven in the courage was conspicuous as his opinion of the rebels themselves, Loom is had made these guns lnvincioie. l.J ,Mir kf n r.Min (V were couimanucu u o t"5 . . ir r who. possessing naturally the noblest ; tory exceeds in grandeur the charge of a a . a It 1 1 lUn I Vi riAtTOftll I OAmQ to nnahties. had thorougniv learueu n. .mm. vy""" f-r : . 1 . s notice. As the lessons of his teacher, aud promiseu 10 i cc were stnctlv torbidden. ucuuw wi - - j . . , blazing light helped to cheer tneir immw outflanked, after and dispel gloomy images tnereirou.. fought But still as tney sans uuu - O I -i . i i 1 IJ --minri - ...,t i j i nr. unon t ho nam inui liou- ... . T..i. ! vinu- min nvpr iinrtviivsa uuuu va- r, -i i lesnJe tKo inrrKt. ftf wliioh being ratner iw n m'i - -, y - . ifcarrirrfi j .l. u--.r.Ar. iis.11. on,, murhthethe result to themselves, pled up, auu jmm TTtt T i - c f th rifiranuc rounded, until, by unparalleled gaiianuy, country " mor. wp:(rht into th scale. Thomas 8 cut its way throng .to roll- S- toiitHe yearn- fought ontV with his forces of Saturday mg irem ten , ?iT" " , p M;. heart for friends weakened bv Saturday s heavy losses. the ground that It was an unequal contest, ana a paug oi No pen nor agonv shot through my heart as 1 saw ..... or nis nnr pvhaiisted veterans uegm i again regaining tueir urmncoo, gi"' r , , v;c m,,r wife or hack a little but again advancing, until soul as he thought of his mother w.ie o Se troops of Brannan and Baird rallied children, and reflected tha ere the et by theirVleaders, and .by the personal gZZ exertions ot ihomas mmseii, wnose JL ',.;hilltv of seeing ' . a ... a, vain 1 1 r left to right, tell next upon .Inlmston. and almost simultaneously ' u. i i .u t 1,. ;v. each one of whom 1 had come to regam mm -i -I" t: BB Kt nirht -rasping bis musket two npsi HrAiu aivji. .. . .1 ... - . ... ... o . . ' . v . . :i ....... t iw. : : . i . r mi', ii i. nen ii mil uiliuii: .i insrs ot tne and home as he lay on . . i . i came up once more to tne wors. Thev ' Then the order was issued tor the en- man i tire line to advance, and nothing in his- . o0iln tU nnsition . eet a supply of rations for three days, U w intond; "to hoTdJthe next day,so aud hold "themselves in readiness ii ma.-, unvu- ... , , j v: t, .1 mnmont a nntiee. As that Thomas passed it by ana i p.aeeu u , . r ;" T .T" "7;. rfln , r(d ram a most worthv successor, even to division upon the lett ot the line. 1"" " "T .u " himself Lieut. Van Pelt. Van . . . r i ,, -o PATwomnor nunc i i. ins int'ii ij . v i uv v "' A . 1 eral Negley.being in positisn at uwens ti j i: -u' ika r.llnv for the Put ' . 6 . iV.m enm- I tn me oil the risbt. 1 tell b nose ot preventing iue cucmj . -- - , . pose oi u c b ' mnvp- i ftpneral Grander s troops, and . tne orcacn wuiuu anu . : 7t . tS. .c t' ,;n ,.f.l th. i.piierai in tne viciuitv oi u'i"' u..... TlV. INTELLIGENCE OFFICE rriHK VSDEKSIGKKP II AS OI'KKKD AN i. IntelliKeuce Oftice, ou Third Street, fourdoors west ofthe WaihingU.u Hotel, aliere be will give strict and rroaipt attention to all business in thai Mne. JOHN WAYMAN. Zeitung ecpy ap!5 Cnmh9t dtffitmtt lust then to reach Oeneral Baird's men, who were nearest back with remained ine into tne nreaun wmtu ments would leave in our lines, Johnson's division, of McCook s corps, and marcn- to take position upon me left of Crittenden. General llavis ana , . i niAuinir .r . ,i shprinftn were, in iue nieiiiiiiAi-, 6 the Other ot bis lines, directing, strengui- , . . .1 .t. i-ft an i ; enintr. suggesting; observing what was i tt8 rPl J P '', A. . ., , n . I ....rtLr.n' headauarters. and a citizen who a, v . . , . i a tn ennnect witn m riirut v.. . . . . . .... nt,.,nrrtt . ' a .-.,i', rt , a 1. o n f Til- i U 1 1 1 Uil auiuua, . . i ...... uibM - connoitering the operations of therubels, Longstreet s meu from Virginia ere directly opposed to the troops of Thomas, and although they fnuirht with stubborn determination, mvj , .i 1 1 i . i. . ... aentiv preparing, wouia uurfii uuuu mm. . - - f, , rn. t .J i ,u r.rr- .nirit nf reported to General Ihomas . l occiurvi ... ill .7 1 11 c. l i.i. , ' 1 . - - - . , - . l -no tmn ... J rf i . art with him to take position viniimifo w. u ..... .. .. in! m flip i.enerai. ; w . as he passed ceaselessly from one end to sounds of battle in the direction whence I had come, attracted my attention. A wild gallop back to the left immediately onunivt I was accompanied in the ride by a member of the Corps of Topograph- from his guns. ieal Kncmeers, attached to onerai ivos- aown. kiiiea lplt. , ,, j . : ... i. : . 1. i.n , anitpctpd sellisn aevoiion un.-u uc -u- for his wife. In the desperate conflict which broke around Scribner's brigade he managed the battery with much dex terity and coolness, aud for some mo ments rocked the very trees over the heads of the rebels by the fiery blasts But his horses were suov Many of his artillerists were i -i itv. ; i'. -ii.L. or wounuea. j-ne "-r the slow rous ' t P .- . t,-.i- ... .1.- ...... . n.-ir T.ii Jin u i-uv. loved his pieces witn tne " , , our battalions. i vain they rallied aud re-rallied, in vain l .rmi'i dOUOie lilies, wiucu ureu , BS IU CUUIICV.. "in' . h I den, and thus complete the line SB I had accpZeT mm in th." Sl had been compelled to turn t llsV sin.ultaneously; in vain they wheeled their cannons into a score of new posi tions. Thomas moved resistlesalv on. Much of our artillery lost in the morn- I ing was recaptured. Seven pieces were taken from the enemy. They had been pushed already three-quarters of a mile, and Longstreet was threatened with ae- ii T.pa nvr a.a:n on earm. tneso in. v." . " r . r .. And who can fancy the varied feelings of apprehension, ol agony or u. which filled the patriots mind as he thought that the evening of the coming day might see the banner of his country waving in the breezes of bentficent vic tory or draggled in the mire of disast rous deteat. And he, too, upon wnom all the responsibility for success or fail ure rested, he who "had never yet lost a battle, but was now confronted by such fearful odds that a triumphant issue seemed almost impossible what were the reflections that coursed through the chambers of his soul on the night precea- in that eventful day, whose issue wouiu confirm his title of 'one of the greatest of living generals, or write -failure tn characters upon nis on w burning To waver in the faces of the charging, shouting, thundering ho3t which con fronted them, was to lose all, and the next moment wave after wave of the rebel sea came surging down toward the breastworks, dashing madly against and orer the barrier, and greedily swallow ing up its defenders, with all their am munition and material. Never was re sistance more stubborn and determined, but never was attack prosecuted with more devilish pertinacity. Meantime as General Reynolds was so sorelv pressed. General Wood was order ed to'march instantly by lhe left flank, pass Brannan, and go to his relief. Da Vis and Sheridan were to shift over to the left and thus close up tne line, as iue occasion was urgent. Gen. Wooddrewin h skirmishers with considerable haste, and the rebels for the second time mis taking a withdrawal for a flight, pressed forward like a torrent and poured into the flanks of Better! Wood a storm of musket balls, cannister and grape. Mot-