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Ottumwa semi-weekly courier. (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1899-1903, November 25, 1902, Image 10

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"JO TUESDAY, November 25, 1902.
Congressman Lacey Gives History
of Louisiana Purchase.
Sixth District's Representative in Con
gress Delivers Eloquent Address at
Home of Major Samuel Mahon Last
w' £rioni Tbiirnlar's Dnliy.l
Congressman J. F. Lacey dellverod
an eloquent addro^ last evening be
fore the men of Trinity Episcopal
clmreli, :uid their friends at the heme
of Moj. Samuel Laccy, 140 East Court
st.root. Major Lacey spoke on the sub
ject, "The IyQuiaiaj:a Purchase'' ami
gave in detail the history of this
great purchase under the aiiminisftra
tiou of Thomas Jefferson. There was
fi la:re aitenCnn"e arc at the close of
the address a social hour was spent.
Refreshments were served and P.
pic.inaut uccittl evoning was enjoyed.
ii" r'
A Part of Louisiana Purchase.
"I have been invited to speak upon
this, subject, presume because of
some familiarity with the general his
tory of our public domain. In a long
journey through the mountains of Ari
zona and New Mexico a few years
ago, I had a college graduate cowboy
for a driver. He asked me if I had
seen much of the west, and I told him
I knew it from Alpha to Omega. He
quietly suggested that he knew it bet
ter still, that he 'knew all about it
from Alfalfa to Omaha.' The subject
allotted to me thiB evening covers a
the drift and preparing it for the
that was yet to come.
"Later on
hear the tread of pioneers
Of nations yet to be,
the close of .Congressmen-Lacey's very. wiltiiiR indeed to cede the land
rema-.ks, Itov. Lynch, on behalf of the to in 17G2. But in the treaty of
men of the church-.thanked the speaker! San Ililcfongo, October 1. 1800, Spain
and thanked Major Mahon for sa kind-( again transferred it back to France.'
!y extending the- hospitality of his
home. Major Laeey spoke as follows:
1 j-ceptcd the
invitation or your rector to speak on
this occasion. did" not know that my
audience would be limited to gentle
men. When, the printed invitation
came I was surprised to observe that
I was expected to 'speak to gentle
men only.' It brought to my mind
the way that Silas Wegg, the literary
man with a wooden leg, escaped from
his embarrassment when asked by Mr.
Roffln, the Golden Dugtman, the diffi
cult question as to 'what constituted
the difference between the Russian
empire and the Roman' empire?' He
replied that here was a1 subject that
'could not be appropriately discussed
in the^ presence of Mrs. Boffin.'
"But seriously, I always regret the
absence of the ladies, yet, will, on this
occasion, put up with the next best
thing, their fathers, husbands, broth
ers, sons, cousins and nephews, and a
•mall sprinkling of grandfathers.
The first low wash of waves, where
Will roll a human sea.'
God Has Guided Settlement.
"God has guided the settlement of
this country. When Columbus started
on his venturesome voyage he firmly
resolved to sail due wes't and under
no circumstances to change his direc
tion, but the flight of flocks of parrots
to the southwest led his seamen to ap- Fortunately
peal to the admiral to follow the birds
He finally yielded and landed in the
West Indies instead of upon the coast
of Georgia or North Carolina, thus re
serving the United States for English
occupation. In anek.-nt times many a
battle was fought upon the- favorable
omens of the flight of birds. But nev
er were such great results dependent
upon so slight a cause, as when Co
Iiiinbua, by cl-.nii! !ng his c&urso, caus
ed the sottloiuo'.it of the Indies, Mexi
co and South America by the Spanish
people instead of file territory now oc
cupied by the tor.'ginal thirteen colo
nies of the United States.
The First Settlers.
'The Spanish exploration turned
aside, and a different people, with dif
ferent language aud aspirations laid
the foundation oi our present gr^at
republic. The first settlers came iu
search "of religious freedom the Puri
tans to New England, the Quakers to
Pennsylvania, the Catholics to Alary
land. the Hugenots to South Carolina.
These settlements in different prov
inces seemed a simple thing at the
time, but the colonists buiided better
tlian they knew, for they laid, broad
and deep, the foundation of the sover
eign states of this Union. The first
settlers of every land have excited the
interest and admiration ol" their de
scendants. The nations of the old
world have sought their ancestors
among the gods. In our own brief his
tory we are able to trace the origin
and growth of our national life from
its beginning.
De Soto's Monument.
"The mighty Mississippi flows over
the remains of De Soto and serves at
once as his grave and his monument.
The French pioneers of Canada heard
of the (Teat stream near its source
and believed that it flowed into the
Gulf of California. La Salle, Mar
«u»tt«, Joliat, Hennepin and De Tonty
hare written their names upon the
map of the future center of the world's
civilization. Following the river in its
majeatlc course to the gulf, there the
IPrench missionary voyageurs raised
the cross of Jesus and the flag of
Franoe and took possession in the
name of their king and called the land
President Jefferson Criticised.
"In accepting your courteous invita
tion to speak at this time I am forci
bly impressed with the progress of
the world. Only one hundred years
ago on the thirtieth of next April the
treaty ceding the soil on which we
now stand was signed and President
a so a as a to a an no
|P5PSWW»P3 wgr Hwa-'-wgny-
having not only violated the constitu
tion by extending his country's boun
daries, but he was especially criti
cised for throwing away „the enormous
sum of $15,000 000 in the purchase of
land lying s.o remote.from civilization
and of so little intrinsic value. But
Providence raises up statesmen from
time to time who see beyond the nar
row horizon of their own time and in
republics men are called to power
who are willing to look further than
the.next election. The most stupen
dous real estate transaction in the
march of time was the action of Pope
Alexander VI when he took the map
of the world and with a pen and ruler
divided the new world between Portu
gal and Spain. This was a very sim
ple and convenient adjustment of a
great controversy, but it was not pos
sible for it to remain settled and so
in due time other nations tools part in
the colonization of our hemisphere.
And so it happened that whilst our
Atlantic coast, was occupied by Great
Britain the most Christian king of
rrar.ce held dominion over the great
prairies, forests and mountains of the
The First Settlement.
"7n 1082 the flag of France was
raiwi. but it was not until 1699-that
the first settlement was made near
the gulf. The great possibilities of
this country fascinated the French
people and George Law exploited its
future with his Mississippi scheme,
inrolvhifc all Franco in bankruptcy
and financial ruin, until they were
Put the terms of the-treaty were kept
so-secret th.it. it was commonly be
ll« v-rl that Florida hud been included
In the transfer, though the flag of
Spain atill floated over the: various
posts. When Bonaparte became the
first consul anU dictator of France
War with England had become una
voidable. Our minister at Paris, Mr.
Livingston, opened negotiations to se
cure the navigation of the river and
the title to the land near the mouth
of the stream. He especially desired
to purchase New Orleans. Mr. Jeffer
son, however, wanted Florida as well
as the mouth of the river. Spain was
still in possession and the time
seemed ripe for a treaty.
How the Purchase Was Made.
"The phenomenal and prophetic mind
of the young Napoleon alone seemed to
comprehend the future possibilities of
such a treaty. James Monroe was hur
riedly called by Jefferson nnd sent as
a special envoy to act with Mr. Liv
ingston. and they were authorized to
buy New Orleans, the mouth of the
river and Florida for $2,000,000. But
a new man had arisen in the affairs
of Europe—a man of but few words
but of prompt, vigorous and decisive
actions. Napoleon promptly took the
whole negotiation out of the hands of
the wily and corrupt Talleyrand and
placed it with Marbois, his minister of
finance. Marbois had been in the Uni
ted States and had acquired the most
priceless of all treasures—an Ameri
can wife, and .the affair was in friend
ly hands. The First Consul fairly
wide range of time, latitude and long-j staggered our commissioners when he
itude. We are interested in the Louis- proposed to sell the whole domnin tor
jana Purchase because we are a part I $15,000,000. Here was a region un
ol it. Let us go back a few
of years and we will, in our mind's
(Peopled by civilized men, extending
from the Lake of the Woods to the
eye, see the land piled mountain high Gulf, and of uncertain boundaries east I Louismna territory. Iowa was carded no the highest' pricedI of our ac
with the earth's great glacier cap and and west, but unquestionably larger i®111 ,°f that empiie, nictrivt
behold the dynamic forces grinding up than Great Britain. Germanv, France, Louisiana, then ot .....
Spain, Portugal and Italy combined.
i, there no
limits it. would be necessary to invent
some. He leahzed the value of an
elastic boundary. He could put his
own construction upon that. Napoleon
cable or steamship line and the re
sponsibility had to be assumed with
out further instructions, and the future
author of the Monroe Doctrine was
as the turning points of hifetory: Ar
asc1 -t
money, and when the French army
started from Boulogne to the frontier
to meet the Austrian and Russian ar
mies, and under the December sun to
fight the battle of Austeriitz, every
shot that was fired was a voice from
the Louisiana purchase. When that
battle ended. Napoleon was at the
zenith of his martial glory and Europe
was at his feet. When William Pitt
heard of the defeat he died of a brok
en heart. But now, after one hun-.
dred years, the results of that victory
have passed away. Austerlitz has left
but little impression upon the world
of today. Napoleon's light went out
like an (intended watch fire on the
rock of St". Helena, and France was
humbled into her narrow limits once
more, but the peaceful results of the
Louisiana treaty still endure.
A FertiU Land.
"In 1803 France had 27,349.003
A Galaxy of Stars.
"What a wonderful galaxy of siars
.was added to our flag: Louisiana, Ar
kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota,
Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota,
South Dakota, most of Colorado, Mon
tana and Wyoming, and all of Okl^io
ma and the Indian territory have beeh
carved out of the land ceded in the
.memorable treaty. The population in
1900 was 15.000,000. Although, the
next the
knew how untenable this country was The Pioneer Days.
for him as against Great Britain, the! "The pioneer days in Iowa are ever
mistress of the sea. He needed money ta source of pleasure either in memory
he was land poor, and so with his la-lor in history. 'In all that, is good Iowa
conic brevity, he fixed his terms and affords the best,' is the terse way
there ready, willing and brave enough er delight than the most sumptuous
of our modern homes.
Hamlin Garland has
to take the responsibility.
The Turning Points.
"Monroe landed April 1 and on the
30th iho contract, was signed. We!
Raise Stars and Stripes.
"Among these peaceful landmarks in
the world's history is t.lie treaty that,
was finally consummated on the 3oth
of April. 3 808. It has been said that
Diplomacy can trot all day in a bush
el measure,' but it was not so with
the diplomacy Of Napoleon. When the
treaty was finally signed, Bonaparte
said in substance: 'This strengthens
forever the- power of the United States.
habitants and was the most powerful
country in the world. Today the
Louisiana territory contains 15.000,000
of the most prosperous, progressive
and happy people that have ever lived.
In fertility it is equal or superior to
France itself. Longfellow, in 'Evan
geline,' describes its soil,—'smoothly
the plow-share runs through the soil
as a keel through the water.' From
Winnipeg to Biioxi the same plants
and grasses may he found, and though
the'variation of climate is great in so
wide a range of latitude, the most val
uable of all our cereals will' grow in
the whole region. The same native
animals grazed from Hudson's Bay to
the Mexican Gulf, but with all its
wealth of soil, climate, forests, moun
tains, lakes and rivers, there is stored
within its bosom the mineral power
for ages yet to come. Last winter a
young Englishman, the superinteudeht.
of the Uruguay railway in South
America, asked me the question, 'Do
you realize what a tremendous handi
cap it would be upon your progress if
every locomotive that pulls a train out
ol' New York, Baltimore or Washing'
ton, should be first coaled up from
the mines of Wales or Australia? That
is practically the situation in South
America.' Imagine our country bereft
of the great motive power which
moves our trains, our steamers, and
our factories: which makes life com
fortable in the rigors of the northern
mid-winter! Without the coal .the
days of steam would have come in
vain, and the age of electricity would
have sought other fields. But the
great Louisiana purchase is filled with
the most valuable deposits of coal,
stored by the providence of God within
its limits, long before Adam found
himself alone in Eden.
., souri Think what a narrow escape
wisconsiu and
ot Mis-
finally she was
jnto her present form by the
Je islative hand.
startled the American commissioners Sid Foster has of putting in a few 'But of all additions to our republic
by the magnitude of the transaction, words what everybody recognizes to none have bcon ireighted^ with ^iicn
there was no Atlantic be true. We all look back
pleasure upon those days. Even the
"old house that whistled when the
wind blew and wept when it rained"
stands out in our memory with great-
brought up
again the simplicity and honesty of
the old times, when he describes the
,, .., pioneer farmer, after his long journey
usually look upon great battles alone |fj
or min
__'He goes hame, puts
bela, Zama, Actiura, Waterloo, Sedan cow'ea^s his^supp1'*!-! says^i's^ray- Kightly upon the states which have
and such bloody scenes are usually the
pivotal points in the affairs of men.
Bijt tile Habeas Corpus, the Bill of
Rights, the Declaration of Indepen
dence-, stand out with as much impor
tance in the progress of mankind as
do any ot the bloody contests which
have so changed the affairs of the
crs. winds up the clock, puts out the
cat and goes to bed.'
"And then the grand old families of
the times! As one of the pioneer
mothers got on one of the early day
railway trains with licr numerous
family, the conductor asked, 'Is that
your family or is it a picnic?' The
stern matron replied, 'Sir, this is my
family, and I would have you under
stand that it is no picnic either.'
I liav'e given England a rival who will of northern Europe, either directly or
some day take dominion of the sea.'
When the Spanish flag came down at
New Orleans, that of France w,as
raised,, and floated for the brief period
of twenty days, and then the Stars and
Stripes were thrown to the breeze and
the American governor said to the sur
rounding people. 'This cession secures
to you and your descendants the in
heritance of liberty.'
The Exposition.
"In 1904, at St. Louis, we will cele
brate this great event. In its effect
upon human happiness it is one of
the greatest that has ever occurred in
the history of the world. No salutes
were fired no great enthusiasm pre
vailed in America when this treaty
was made known. The nation could
afford to wait one hundred years for
the celebration. But, although no
noise was made in America, the ef
fects of the treaty soon made them
selves felt on the other side of the
Atlantic. Of the purchase money,
$3,750,000 was applied on claims of
Americans against France, and the
other $11,250,000 went into the war
chest of Napoleon who expended it in
the purchase of equipment for his
great army. Harness, horses, wagons,
clothing, powder, shot, shell, muskets
were brought with this
The Nation's Ancestry.
"Every nation looks with reverence,
if not with superstition, upon its an
cestors. Usually their origin is trac
ed to the gods. But in our own short
career, we are able to follow our an-.'!
cestry into a plain, practical and God
fearing origin. The best of the races
through their descendants in tile old
er states, have settled here, and from
them have sprung the composite peo
ple who inhabit Iowa. But as men
grow older they look with increasing
interest upon the traditions of their
forefathers. Heredity and blood in
crease in importance as the years roll
by and it is a pleasure to know that
the stock from which our population
has been formed has an honorable his
The Lewis and Clarke Expedition.
"Thomas Jefferson was an enter
prising man his restless mind was al
ways boiling with plans. No sooner
had the treaty been made thau the
Lewis and Clarke expedition was plan
ned and started out at St. I^uis and
the long journey: was begun, We first
find the word iowa' in the record of
this exploring party, and is was spell
ed 'A-y-a-u-w-a-y.' The voyage up the
river, the winter at Mandan, the jour
ney across the mountains to the mouth
of the Columbia, the second winter
there and the return to St. Louis,
read like another journey of Jason in
search of the Golden Fleece. When
these discoverers returned and told
the story of their adventures at Wash
ington, the Americans began to dream
dreams of the future, but those visions
5THE OTTUHWA courier.
were only feeble suggestions of what
the realities have become. We can
no, the progress of the world by
comparison. When Augustus Caesar
ruled the world, tin Mediterranean
was a Roman lake: liiO.OOO.OOO of peo
ple ivereUnder the doniiriinon of the
Caesars. But Augustus, rich and great
as he was, never read a newspaper,
never traveled more than ten miles an
hour, never received a telegram, never
bad a panc of glass in his house,never
saw an ear of corn or a potato. He
had peacocks upon his table, but never
fielded his palate with the flesh of a
turkey, never knew of the use of to-
bact o, and never had a shirt on his
back. If we were to go into the work
shop of today and remove from the
daily supply of-its occupants every
thing that has been invented since the
days of Augustus Caesar. the inmates
such an institution-would regard
themselves as being the most ill treat
ed of mankind.
Sea Unites.
manifestation of
harnessed for
price was deemed something startling, °f party politic^, which not only Is
for $15 000,000 was a great sum in hut ought to be. forbidden on such an
those davs, today the county of Wapel-1 occasion as this. We paid for Louisi
lo in our state, is assessed for taxa- ana only 3 6-10 *nts an acre, the best
tion on a valuation of $23.449,ti36-ahd'* investment .eve^.marte by any ..nation
possibly some of the estimates pf .vai-/since the da-wr&'of history. -To fpai?i
ue have been made with iietotn'iag• we gave for $3jorid'a 17 1-10 cents an
modesty by the owners. The real' es- bacre to Mexico 4 5-10 for the first
tate alone is over $16,G25,3G5. or more purchase ana .then 34 3-10 :for the
than the original cost of the whole Gadsden .purchase in southern: Arizo
gods: now
use of man.
Prices of Land Purchased.
'•Seneca foretold that Ultima Thule
would no longer mark the boundaries
of the world. Now the railway runs to
Jerusalem we have found the mouth
of the Niger and the source of the
Nile. Soon a child may be put on the
train at Cairo in charge of the con
ductor to be lauded at Cape Town.
Khartoum and Albert Nyanza will be
dinner stations. It is interesting at
this day to note the cost of the vari
ous territorial purchases which up to
the1 time' of the Spanish war have
added to our national domain. Our
last purchase I will not discuss now,
for that might lpad me into the region
rial rights for 10 1.-10 cents, an acre.
The most doubtful expansion of all
was when William Henry Seward
made the purchase of the icebergs of
Alaska at 1 19-100 cents an acre.
The Star of the Empire.
"Mr. Seward said that his reputation
in history would mainly rest on this
act of statesmanship aud for many
years his expected honor remained in
cold storage in that inhospitable land.
But time has vindicated the wisdom
of Mr. Seward and Alaska is no longer
the least prized or our possessions,
with great possibilities for the good of the
nation as the acquisition of the terri
toi of Louisiana.
"Here is the center of our land here
I will soon be the center of population
and power.
"From the Euphrates, the Tigris and
the Nile to. the Tiber, from the Tiber
to the Seine and the Thames, from the
Seine and the Thames to the Hudson,
the Potomac and the Mississippi the
star of empire has taken its way ever
to the west: and now it is shining
been formed
out of the territory of
Gates and Allied Interests May Con
trol Fuel and Iron.
A New York dispatch concerning
J. C. Osgood, formerly of Ottumwa,
it has been learned definitely that
the Gates-Blair-Mitchell proxies would
be swung to the Gould-Hawley-Harri
man interests at the annual election of
the Colorado Fuel and Iron company at
Denver on December 10, and unless J.
C. Osgood, who represents the present
management, has some unexpected
tricks up his sleeve, it seems probable
that the combined forces will defeat
him. At the time when the original
meeting was to liave been held, the
Gatels people asserted that they held
proxies representing nearly 200,000
shares, much more than a majority,
and their assertion was not success
fully controverted. Since then a large
amount of that stock is supposed to
have changed hands, but they still re
tain a large number of proxies, or
have received new ones, perhaps not
enough to control, but sufficient to
insure the success of the Gould-Haw
ley-Harriman ticket.
The Gates-Blair-Mitchell proxies are
of course, largely in excess of those
received by the Gould-Hawley-Harri
man intert.ses. but the ticket nominat
ed by the railroad interests will be
supported by the Gates force. It is
taken for granted that the Gates inter
ests will .. have ample representation
on the ticket presented to the'stock
holders, but it can't be learned just
what agreement has been reached be
tween the two interests.
The Wabash Railway will sell on the
1st aud 3rd Tuesdays of each mouth,
round-trip tickets at one fare, plus $2
for the round-trip, to points in North
western Iowa. North and South Da
kota, Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Ne
braska, Oklahoma, Indian Territory
a.TUi uthor .oointi. A- J- Pack&Md.
Reasons Why Mr. Babcock With
drew From Race.
Stand of the Delegation Despite Atti
tude of Two of its Strong Men Had
Influence on Mr. Bebcock—Wash
ington Political Etchings.
(BY H. J. MAH1N.)
Washington, Nov. 20.'—It is gener
ally believed that Mr. Babcock's with
•in 1453 when the Turk captured drawal from the speakership race was
Constantinople the learning of the the result of some pretty strong in-
Greeks was dispersed all over Europe timations that he would be unable to
and the world was all the better pre-1
pared to avail iMcif of the discoveries he could not secure the solid support
of 1492. The sea had for ages rolled of his own state's delegation. There
around the known world as a complete
bar to human progress. It has become
a highway. Now it unites rather than
divides the continents. Natural gas
was worshipped by the ancients as a
is In fact I heard a very prbminent Iowa
priestess of Delphi intoxicated her-j srily inquiring '-'why Iowa went off
self with its fumes and saw visions.
At Kokomo man has made it an util
ity. At Guadeloupe. Mexico, a bub
bling spring was looked upon and wor
shipped as a miraculous healer of the
Aztecs, but in our day and generation
mineral springs become practical and
scientific cures. The scientist and ge
ologist have supplanted the barbarian
and sorcerer and old time soothsayers
would have been struck dumb with
the exploits of Edison. Ghosts hide
themselves from the light of scientific
day. McKinley held his ear to the
telephone at Canton and listened to
the shouting multitudes at the con
vention at St. Louis. The results of
the Olympic games in Greece a few
years ago were known here five hours
before the races started? if we make
no allowance for the difference in
Politician who favored Babcock an-
half-cocked?' He was referring to
the symposium in.a Chicago newspa
per. in which the great majority of the
editors in the state were shown to fa
vor Cannon. He declared that he had
seen the telegram sent out by the Chi
cago paper in-question. It concluded
with the query, "Do you think Cannon
the logical candidate?" It was so
worded as to put words in favor of
Cannon into the mouths of the Iowa
editors. He said that many of them
answered for Cannon without having
any idea of the abilities or fitness of
the two men.
Mr. Cannon Will Win.
However. Mr. Babcock now being
out of the race, the prize is conceded
to Mr. Cannon. Of course, strange
things may yet happen and some day
they will, but at present the west unit
ed on Mr. Cannon faces the east di
vided over several candidates. The
friends of the Illinoisan now assert
that he has 100 votes sure from the
states west of the Alleghenies. with
the positive proxies of fifteen votes in
the east. This number, even if he
should not be able to get any more,
wotJd give him the nomination on the
first ballot in the republican caucus
and then as members of congress, like
the rest of humanity, are prone to get
on the winning side, his election will
probably be unanimous. When I talk
ed with Mr. Hepburn, who has been
Mr. CSannon's most active opponent, he
gave evidence of having withdrawn
from any active part in the struggle
when. Mr. Babcock decided to pull out.
[He stlil declared that Mr. Cannon was
not the right man for the place,
thou^i a man of much ability. He
declared that Mr.Cannon will be a "one
man power" and will use his authority
to the utmost. However, he said that
he would abide by whatever the Iowa
delegatiou decided is best to do and
would, not divide the vote of the state.
Col. Hepburn's Views.
As he is now settled in Washington
for tl*e winter Col. Hepburn was un
able to attend the meeting of the Iowa
delegation at Des Moines Tuesday,
which was called for the purpose of
taking action on the speakership ques
tion. He however, wired his col
leagues that if action was taken en
dorsing: Cannon he wished his vote
added tjo that of the other members of
the delegation so that the vote of the
state would be unanimous. In dis
cussing the speakership contest Mr,
Hepburn remarked that the election
of Mr. Cannon seemed certain. This
remark was made just at the conclu
sion of a long conference between Col.
Hepburn and Representative Dalzell.
of Pennsylvania, the most formidable
eastern candidate for the speakership.
When asked his opinion of the'rumoi
that Mr. Babcock had made a deal
with Mr. Cannon to throw his influ
ence to ham in return for the chair
manship o(f the committee of ways and
means, Mr. Hepburn said that he had
no information whatever as to such a
deal and dil not think it was true.
Was There an Agreement.
However, many think that Mr. Can
non has agreed to make Mr. Babcock
chairman of the ways and .'neans com
mittee. in return for his getting out
of the way, and in addition supporting
Mr. Cannon flor the position of speak
er. Many thityk that it was the tariff
that caused Mr. Babcock to make such
a deal. He is pronounced in his dec
laration for tariff revision he prom
ised it in the last campaign, and is
said to be determined that it shall
come up in the .next congress, in some
shape. As chairman of the ways and
means committee Babcock would have
control of the tariff bill. It would
bear his name asid he would receive
the credit for it, which, when one
thinks real hopefully about it, might
be the result of promoting him to the
senate, to the vice-presidency or even
to the presidency.
Extra Sessiicn Rumor.
Mr. Babcock's sensational alleged
announcement that he had positive in
formation that the President would
call an extra session in March to take
up the tariff question, has stirred
Washington deeply. The first intima
tion was that Mr. Bfcibcock was au
thorized to make this statement by
Mr. Roosevelt himself but private ad
vices from the President and a denial
from Mr. Babcock quieted such talk.
Nevertheless, an extna session, or
rather the calling together of the
fifty-eighth congress immediately af
ter the close of the next, session of the
fifty-seventh, is not.regarded as at all
improbable. The stated plan is that
trust legislation will be taken up at
the next session, but that tariff revi
sion wilLfce postponed until the new
congress just elected can get a chance
at it, since many of the members of
that congress were elected on tariff
revision platforms. As the tariff re
vision question is regarded as impera
tive an extra session is considered
necessary rather than waiting until a
year from this coming December for
the regular convening time of the
fifty-eighth congress.
Mr. Hepburn's Hopes Gone.
The election of Mr. Cannon, entailer.
There is even a rumor out that
is no doubt that Iowa's stubborn po
sition favoring Cannon in spite of the
declarations of her two strong leaders
Hepburn and Hull, had much to do in
bringing about Mr. Babeok's decision.
it is said, will take away' the last
hopes of Mr. Hepburu for a revision
of the house rules. For a long time
Mr. Hepburn has fought for this. He
considers the rules too strong in that
they give a too absolute pow^r to the
speaker.' Mr. Cannon is said to be
just the sort of man that will cling to
such rules and fiercely oppose any
project to modify them. This was
largely the cause of Mr. Hepburn's op
position to Cannon. Some of those
who like to hear Mr. Hepburn's far
•famed caustic oratory declare that
there will be plenty of fun during the
next congress when he takes occasion
al cracks at Mr. Cannon.
Trying to Divide the West.
One story of Mr. Ba.bcock's candida
cy that is receiving some attention is
the statement that he was simply try
ing to divide the west so as to defeat
Mr. Cannon. It is said that if Mr.
Babcock had been able at the confer
ence of the Wisconsin delegation on
Saturday to secure promise of sup
port for Mr. Burton, of Ohio (who is
considered a western candidate)
havA nnntinnari in iha ro/in
he would have continued in the race
for a while longer in the hope of still
further weakening the Cannon lines
in the west. If this is the case and
Mr. Cannon is inclined to believe it,
Mr. Babcock may be treated rather
roughly and not only not be given the
chairmanship of the ways and means
committee, but be taken off of it en
tirely and shelved on some compara
tively unimportant one.
Tom Curran Writes of His Experience
to Hie Brother.
A letter received recently by J. V.
Curran, city treasurer, from his broth
er Tom Curran, who is at present a
member of Troop of the 15th United
States cavalry, tells of a 150 mile
march taken by his command during
September. The letter was written at
Davao, Mindinao, under a date of Sep
tember 15,-and is as follows:
"Troop left Davao, September 1#.
and arrived at Makar on the twentieth.
A trip of 148 miles over high moun
tains and a hard trail, in ninety-seven
and a half hours. This is considered
remarkably good time. We turned
over the horses to Troop E- of the
Fifteenth cavalry, and boarded the
quartermaster's boat, "Butwan." We
arrived at Malabang September 23.
Three mules died during the long
march and the rest of the pack were
knocked out. We walked the last two
days to save the horses.
"Malabang is about 250 miles from
Davao, and about 100 miles east of
Zambo. There are about 2,000 soldiers
in the field here, among them being
companies A, E, and H. of the Twenty
seventh Infantry, and G, of the Fif
teenth cavalry. Fourteen miles into
the interior at a place called 'Madeline
Falls,' is company G, engineer corps
and two companies of the Eleventh in
fantry. At camp Vicars, nine mil^s
from the falls are eight more compan
ies of the Twenty-seventh infantry,
one company of the Tenth infantry,
two companies of the Eleventh infan
try, and companies A and of the
Fifteenth cavalry. Two batteries of
the mountain artillery and one more
company of engineers are also sta
tioned there.
Captain Persn.ng .s in command
under Brigadier General Sumner, and
that officer is under Major General
Davis, commander of the Philippines.
General Sumner is right with the ad
vance. The Moros refused to surrender
and an advance is now on the move.
The bulletin said today in camp that
several Moro forts had been taken and
a number of the natives killed, but few
of the Americans, however, were
"There have been forty-one horses
turned over to the troop and we will
escort the wagon trains to the front
for the present. The order came for
me to go to Zambo for examination in
the signal corps, but as the troops got
orders to move the troop commander
of each month round-trip tickets at
The Nickel Plate Road.
will afford its patrons an opportunity
to take advantage of low rates for
Christmas and New Year holidays, by
selling tickets at a fare and a third for
the round trip to all points on their
line, December 24, 25, 31, 1902, and
January 1, 1903. Return limit includ
ing Jan. 2, 1903. Through service to
New York City, Boston, and other east
ern points. Chicago passenger sta
tion, Harrison street and Fifth avenue.
For further information, address John
Y. Calahan, General Agent, 113 Adams
street, Chicago.
Patience and Patriotism.
"Politics is one grand round of pleas
ure," observes the Carroll Herald. "It
will take several weeks, perhaps
months, to explain how it was done.
Then another campaign conies on
apace and the battle of principles and
candidates will rage again. In the pro
cess of events election recurs, and the
story must again be repeated. It is
politics, politics, all the time. My,
what patience people must exercise in
order.to be patriotic, good citizens!"
The C., M. & St. P. Ry., will sell
one-way tickets at half fare plus
$2.00 the first and third Tuesdays of
each month, to Points in North and
South Dakota, Colorado, Wyoming,
Southwest Missouri, Louisiana, Texas,
Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Indian Ter
ritory. A. J. Packard, Agent.
Attack "Dipsy" Law.
The Cedar Rapids Republican says it
is too long to wait for the legislature
to convene and repeal the dipsomania
law, and It suggests that a test case be
brought in the courts. The Republican
thinks the courts would decide the law
Thorough Religious Oanvaev
Ottumwa to Be Made.
Meeting of General Committee Was
Held and Report of Special Commit
tee Accepted—The Plan and Names
of the Canvassers.
The plan for conducting the religious
canvass of the city which has been
evolved by the special committee ap
pointed for this purpose, contemplate*
a most thorough work, which will be
of much benefit to the ministers and
church people^ of the city generally.
committee of three in each ward win
have charge ol\ the canvass and will be
assisted by fifteen or twenty others in
each of tlio wards of the city. The re
port of the committee, giving the plan
is as follows:
1. That thej canvass he made under
the direction Qf a committee of three
for each ward viz.:
First ward—4T. Foster, Mrs. Clara
Miller and Hkinry Graham.
Second waiti—C. E. Boude, Miss Ma
rie Messenger and James Hamilton.
Third want—F. F. Bridgeman, Mr«.
J. D. Brown ]and Mrs. E. Fowler.
Fourth waijd—Chris. Saw, Mrs. Fan
nie Merrill and Mrs. J. M. Collins.
Fifth warcf—J. F. Hammer, Mrs. J3,
O. Chinn anjj Miss Gertrude Randall,
Sixth Waild—Dr. Craig, Rev. M.
Jameson and Rev. T. E. Sherman.
S. P. Crips,
Miss Laura pullerton and Miss Minnie
Lewis. I
2. That t&e chairmen pf these wapd
committees constitute an executive
committee, iwhich shall have general
oversight of' the canvass, receive're
ports of thf ward committees, ma^e
such use ot the results of the canva#§
as seems ijtyislrable, etc.
3. That g, card, of which a specimen
was shown) and explained be used p}
the canvas p.
It is uii(/i?rstood that the canvass if
now in th hands of the several wan)
committeeb, which will secure sUjgh
help as t'fcey need for the work a^t
report the same to the executive com
mittee, wtiiich will make a final report
to the gcrtnral committee.
At the bwo meetings of the general
committee^' about thirty members were
in .attendance, representing fourteen
or fifteen, different churches of the
The Object.
The object of this canvass is to £jt
certain t'ji facts as to the church aaA
Sunday p.chool attendance, with tif
church ipreference of non-attendants,
in order f.hat pastors and visitors ma£
be aided,) in their efforts to make ev»
eryone vpalcome to the churches pf Ot
tumwa fThe appointment of the ward
coniinitt'ses is for the purpose of ob
taining khree persons in each ward
.. who will be responsible for the
vass go
a8 their own ward js c(m_can-
cerned. From fifteen to twenty peo
ple in eUch ward will probably be
needed ilii order to make the canvass ft
thorough one and the three first
pointed will have oversight of the
work. I
Will Begin Soon.
would not let me go, and I am glad of in Iowa jind the widespread depression
it. Troops A. and L„ are doing fine that chsjracterizes the creamery busi
work and we will soon join them.
"The fort they are going after now
is the stronghold of the Moro tribe. It
is on the other side of Lake Lanao,
about eight miles from Vivars, through
a swamp. We will have to build pon
toons to get there.
The C„ M. & St. P. Railway will
sell on the first and third Tuesdays
It is (|xpected tuat the work of malt
ing the jcanvass will begin as soon as
the cardts are prepared, so that it lliav
be completed before the holidays.
(Marsyalltown Times-Republican.)
The djecllne of the dairy industry
ness amyd the most prosperous times
that thisj country has ever known, fur
nishes a! subject for interesting study.
The newspaper man who is caleld up
on to report almost daily the failure
of some4 creamery In Iowa has won
dered at/ the condition and has east
about hiijn for an explanation of the
creainery man of wide experience
one fare plus $2.00 for the round trip, the hard luck stories now being told
to points in Northwestern Iowa, North I J' pjearaery people are due to sever
and South Dakota, Wyoming, Colo
rado, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma,
Indian Territory and many other
points. A. J. Packard, Agent.
ity for the statement that
al direct:] causes, all emanating from
the fact that the business is hew in
Iowa and| therefore it but little under
stood. Iji the first place, many
creameries have made the mistake of
locating near a good sized town, and
found th|iit the district, from which
they should draw their supply of milk,
is already provided with a good mar
ket by th -i town demand, and conse.
quently tli creamery must pay more
for milk han other creameries with
which it raust compete.
Again, i| lis creamery man explains,
the farmers of this state know more
about conp and ihogs than they do
about dairying and of late years the
profit in tbie former has been so great
that few villi bother with the milking
of cows, 'ij'his one fact has been the
principal trouble with the creamery
business glowing more acute as the
prosperity lof the farmer increased
A creamerji) must have a milk supply
from at least 500 cows in order to prof
itably employ an expert butter maker,
and when tia farmers refuse to supply
the milk thlp business is demoralized.
This samij man thinks that the time
will come jihen the business is better
understood when all the benefits ol!
increased fertility of the land, increas
ed return peii' acre, etc., accruing from
the dairy business will attract many
Reduced Rates For Christmasanci ileW
VV ar Holidays.
The Nickeli Plate Koad will sell tick
ets December* 24, 25 and 31, 1902, and
January 1st 11903, at the rate odE fare
and a third f|r the round-trip, to §ny
point located in Central Passenger as
sociation' teriitiory, good returning to
and including jlanuary 2nd, 190S. Pull
man service c^i all trains. Individual
club nleals, ranging in price from 36c
to $1, served i|i dining cars. Address
John Y. Calahlin, General Agent, 113
Adams street, 4 Ihicaga, for particulars.
Chicago city ticket office, 111 Adams
street, depot Harrison street and Stl|

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