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i* & 605 Church St., N he os Wil! & Sf? 1 8?/, A. I? THURSDAY, November 27, 1902. N I O N Semi-Weekly Courier By A. W. LiBEL filtered at Ottumwa Matter. Founded 8th. August, 1648. Tubllsbcd Soml-Weekly on Tuesdays and Thursdays. V-' ®®ce: South Market Street. W» Telephone (editorial or bnsiness offloe) No. 44. Address the Courier Printing Co., Ottum we, Iowa, SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Daily Courier, 1 year, by mail...$4.00 Semi-Weekly Courier, 1 year 1.60 THANKSGIVING DAY. Today Ottumwa citizens joined in the observance of the annual national Thanksgiving day. This celebra te (ion has come to be a fixed feature of our national life, yet how few peo ple are acquainted With the origin Of the celebration or the significance of j,. the day they thus observe. A brief review of the beginning and the (, growth of this event is both in teres t ing and instructive. |-i Thanksgiving day is observed a£ an is annual semi-religious festival in the United States and is suggested Uy the iff ancient Hebrew feast of tabernacles, or "feast of the ingathering at the end ,, of the year." In early days the occa sional observance of a thanksgiving day was not unusual in Europe, ipg**" Among the records of the first observ ance of this day was at Ley den, Hol jpV' land, on October 3, 1575, which marked the first anniversary of the de llverance of the city from siege. In sg-^ 1608 history has it that the Pilgrim I/- church was exiled from England and found refuge in Holland. Here its members remained for twelve years and in 1620 embarked.on the May- flower for New England. The first harvest at Plymouth was an event of the greatest "importance to the people of the little colony and in 1621 the people were called together for a day Of rejoicing and thanksgiving. In July, ,v 1623, a day for fasting and prayer was appointed on account of the sevete drought. During the day rain came and the event was changed into a day of praise and thanksgiving. The old records of Charlestown show where days of prayer and fast ing were also turned into occasions ot rejoicing, once upon the arrival of §8$ a vessel ladened with supplies from 1 a Ireland. The records of the Massa chusetts Bay colony bear evidence that days for the giving of thanks were officially appointed in 1633, 1634, 1G37, 1638 arid 1639 and In the Ply mouth colony in 1651, 1668, 1680 (when from the indications it had evidently become an annual custom), 1689 and 1690. It is known that the earlier of these appointments Were made at different seasons of the year and for various reasons, such as the coming of ships with supplies and la ter as an event connected with har vest. Occasionally a day of thanks giving was appointed by the Dutch governor of New Netherlands and the English governor of New York. During the war of the revolution this day was a national institution, being annually recommended by congress. When you see the above emblem on a Cooking or Heating Stove or Range, it is a GUARANTEE from the LARGEST MAKERS of Stoves and Ranges in the world that the article bearing it is the BEST THAT CAN BE MADE for the price asked. There are lower-priced stoves made, but none so cheap or having so many desirable features, arid no more is asked for "GARLANDS" than for other high-grade stoves and ranges. Get a GOOD stove, for you don't buy one often during your life. Look well into the merits of "GARLANDS" before you buy a stove, and you will surely see that they are FULL VALUE FOR THE PRICE ASKED. Exclusive Agents l'or Garland Stove 122 S.Mata, Ottumwa, la. "sr'nr^vrjf- Don't Forget It! Don't Forget It! Farmers' Wives and Farmers' Daughters, you can get more fot your Butter, Eggs, and Poultry, in goods and money, and buy your groceries, better and cheaper than anywhere else in the city at VAN DYKE'S as Second 01863 During the early years of the last century various religious organiza tions appointed days of thanksgiving, and many different local customs pre vailed. The day was not regularly re commended by the governor of New York until 1817, and came to be a cus tom fii the south at a later date. In 1855 Governor Johnson of Virginia, re commended the observance of the day, but in 1857 Governor Wise, on being requested to designate a day for thanksgiving by some church society, refused to do so, claiming that he was not authorized to interfere in relig ious matter's. The following year, 1858, eight governors of the southern States issued proclamations During the sixties we came to the time when the custom was revived throughout the nation and came to be a fliced part of our national life. In 1862 and 1863 President Lincoln issued a proclamation recomending that the people of the country join in thanksgiving for the success that had come to the armies of the north. In the latter year and in 1864, he also re commended that a day be devoted to thanksgiving for the abundant har vests. Since that time this day has been an annual occasion. Each suc ceeding president has issued a procla mation at the end of the harvest time and custom has fixed the time on the last Thursday in November. It may be noted that the observance of these days has been with appropri ate religious services and this feature of Thanksgiving is still preserved. The big turkey dinners that are always connected with the aay and the gath ering together of relatives and friends, with many other additional features has entered into the observance of the day through the lapse of years. That a nation such as ours should set apart a national day of thanksgiv ing, is indeed most fitting, and the uni versal manner in which the people join in its observance is indicative ol their appreciation and gratitude for the many blessings that come to them as citizens of this great common wealth. THE SLOT MACHINES. The slot machines must go. This is the verdict issued recently by the au thorities of Davenport. In compliance therewith considerable activity has been noticable about the saloons, cigar stores and other places of business, in getting this part of their furniture out of the way. It is reported that Saturday morning's train robbery is the direct cause which led up' to the issuance of the order. No matter what was the reason for the decision that these gambling devises should go and the issuance of the order, the people of Davenport are certainly to be congratulated on the fact that they are to be free from their demoralizing effects. In this connection It would be as well for Ottumwa to ask itself a few questions with reference to this insidi ous evil which is gradually drawing a great number of Its men and boys in to the vortex of the gambling habit. The slot machine is altogether bad, and the more so because of its appar ent harmlessness. It is to be found in nearly every cigar store, billiard hall and other places of rendezvous. At first, it may be, the victim puts in his nickel as a matter of curiosity. Then, there comes a time when the player makes a small winning and thereafter the desire to win is always connected with the playing of the machine. In short these machines make profession al gamblers and start many boys on the road to ruin. They are truly in struments of the devil. Not one good word can be said for them. They put temptation in the youth's way, teach him to squander his money and make of him a gambler, Ottumwa people should arouse to the realization of the evil that is being done in this city through these agen cies and should demand their removal The attacks made upon the late Herr Krupp pale into insignificance whea the esteem in which he is held by the German emperor and the people is exemplified by the attendance of Em peror William at the funeral. On foot and sorrowfully his majesty followed ihe remains of the noted man to their las.t resting place. S C*. mmm »"V To Be Sure After the observanca of the day in 1784 in celebration of the return of peace tio national Thanksgiving day was appointed until 1789, when Presi dent Washington in compliance with the recommendation of congress set apart a day to celebrate the adoption of the constitution. Another procla mation was issued by Washington in 1795 as the result of the suppression of an insurrection. Madison was the next president to set apart such a day which he did lii April, 1815, in com memoration of the treaty Of peace at the close of the second war with Eng land. MS SAYS IT IS UNTRUE Captain Oarnes Telia Iowa Women to "Cheer Up". LAND AGENT TALKS ABOUT CLAIMS In a Letter the Creston Attorney Who Engineered the Western Land Deals for Soldiers' Widows Reas sures Them. The Ottumwa women who may have been worrying because of the tele graphic reports of recent date regard ing their claims on lands In the west, which it is SSid are fraudulent, have cause to be thankful today for more than some others who have not faced trouble as they have during past few days. Captain George W. Carnes, of Creston, who engineered the entire deal and took several parties of wom en to the western country, including the Ottumwa party, has written the following letter, which explains itself and will be of interest to many Ot tumwans: "Creston, Iowa. "All of this hubbub is without foun dation so far as regards the soldiers' widows' declaratory statements, filed by the Iowa women. Of course, there has been a large amount of frauds perpetrated in regard to these filings. In my opinion, the Illinois delegation who went out on the same train with us have been led to believe that they could file on their homestead claim and sell out their interest. At least, that is what these women said and they also said they had received part payment. This was fraudulent and as I told our people at that time it was nothing short of perjury. No body questions the right of widows of honorably discharged ex-soldiers who had ninety days or more service in the war of the rebellion to file their declaratory statement and claim of 160 acres of government land as a homestead, as provided by acts of con gress under Section 2209 of the re vised statutes of the United States. In their declaratory statement they are required to take an oath that they do not take this land for the sale, transfer or relinquishment, but that they take it for their own individual use and benefit and neither their agent nor attorney have any interest in the matter whatever, further than to file their declaratory statement. They must swear that they take it for their own benefit and cultivation and not for the benefit of any other person. Now, all those ladies made their filings with this under standing, having had, so I am inform ed, the power of attorney read over to them carefully, and I do not know of any of these women who even want to sell their claims after they secure deed. "Mow the land department has held that in the arid grazing districts, the grazing of stock will be held as suffi cient cultivation. These women are all using their lands now for that purpose in good faith with the government. The honorable' commissioner of the general ..land office has further held that where the lands are being culti vated in good faith the widow of an ex-soldier is exempt from residence on such land. Now those women whom have met and talked with are acting in good faith with the government as the law provides they must do and all this newspaper talk of land frauds in Nebraska has noth ing whatever to do witn their case, unless they have been trying to sell out to some one, contrary to law and in open violation of their oath. None of the people who I know anything about have had anything to do with cattlemen, cattle barons, companies, syndicates or corporations, but the men who have been made their agents have, without exception, been honor able, respectable citizens of the state of Wyoming. "I bee by the newspapers hundreds and hundreds of claims have been fraudulently filed on in Nebraska by wealthy cattle companies, under an agreement made with the women or their agents to sell their interest in such homestead and did sell and re ceive $75 in cash on such sale, so says the Inter Ocean of November 24. This was in violation of the law and the oath they had subscribed to. "In my opinion each one of those women will secure a deed to their homestead land as the law provides they may if they keep good faith with the government. Another matter in relation to the filings made by the women is, that not one filing has been made on lands that were fenced up or that was used and held by cattle companies or by any other person. All the land filed on by these women was selected, surveyed and filed on by myself, or by some re sponsible man who I suggested as the agent for that purpose while the gi gantic frauds which the papers men tion has been perpetrated where large cattle owners had immense tracts of land fenced up and when ordered by the government's agent to remove the fences, that such lands might be en tered as homestead under the law, by' honest homestead parties they have used this method, and in some in stances being aided by the govern ment's agent to secure such filings in order to defeat the object of the home stead law and to maintain their fences on government lands. No, those women who have made their filings in honesty and in good faith should not have their names coupled with the vast army of fraudulent en tries in Nebraska. "George W. Carnes." How'c This? We offer One Bundled Dollars Reward for any case of CatarrVi that canuot be cured by Ball's Catarrh Cure. IT. J. CB.'CNEV & Co., Toledo, O. We, the undersigned, have known P. J. Chenef for the last 15 yours, aud believe him perfectly honorable In nil business transactions and financially able to carry out aoy obligations made by their firm. WEST & TKOAX, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. WAI.DING, KINNAN & MARVIN, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mu cous surfaces of the system. Price 7oc. per bottle. Sold by all OrugglstB. Testi monials free. Hall's Family Pills are the bost. The reason many men follow a poor example is because they know hoyr, $ $ THE OTTyjvjAVA OOUBlEJEt. THEY SAWIT C0M1MG St. Joseph Policd Say They Ex pected Rock Island Robbefy. SAYSCESKOF HOLD-UP WAS ClUNlED Believe that Pat Crowe and His Gang Did the Wofk and That They In tended at First to Carry it Out at St. Joseph, but Changed Plans. The astonishing information is giv en out that the dating hold-up of Rock Island train No. ll.wlifeh occurred last Friday near Davenport, was originally planned to have been attempted near St. Josoph Mo., hut the plans of the robbers were chahged owing to the fact that it became known that the St. Joseph police had acquired knowledge of the proposed -tobbery. The news was given out yesterday by the St. Joseph Gazette, on which paper Clar ence C. Cheadle, the son of Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Cheadle, 108 East Fifth street, is police reporter. It is also stated that the Davenport hold-up was accomplished by a gang under the leadership of Pat Crowe, the alleged kidnaper of Eddie Cudahy, who has never been apprehended since that deed was committed. The Gazette has the following to say of the orig inal plans of the Rock Island robbers: St. Joseph police were expecting the Rock Island train hold-up, which oc curred near Davenport, Iowa, last Fri day night, to be atempted near this city and were surprised to learn that the scene of operations had been mov ed so far away. Ever since and prior to the Bur lington hold-up near Lincoln, Neb., some time ago, the St. Joseph police have been closely watching the actions of local ciooks and expecting, that the attempt at hold-up would be perpetrat ed near St. Joseph. Some weeks ago the St. Joseph po lice were given a tip that a hold-up of the St. Joseph and Kansas City ex press had been planned and since that time the vigilance of the local officers has been untiring. The members pf the gang of train robbers are all believed to be the fol lowers of Pat Crowe, and it is to Crowe's gang that the recent robber ies in Iowa and Nebrasjsa may he at tributed. The officers h^ye so far been unable to secure a direct clue to the identity of the men and for lack of evidence against them the officers have been powerless to make arrests. It is known that a certain gang of train robbers make their headquar ters in Dug Cut and the French Bot toms north of the city, while there are desperate men who reside in the city and co-operate with those living in Dug Cut. The police haVe been shadowing these crooks for weeks past and •many trips have^been made to the French Bottoms -for, the purpose ot watching the movements, of the men. These men make occasional trips in to Iowa and Nebraska, where they meet Crowe and /MB followers. It is also believed by the police here that the plots of the recent train robberies were hatched in or about St Joseph. After the Lincoln, Neb., train rob bery the St. Joseph police kept a vig 'riant watch for any track of the rob bers in St. Joseph, but no trace of them was found here, though one or two of the men who reside in the French Bottoms were missing at the time. Some envelopes, supposed to have been taken from the car in the Lin coln hold-up were found a few weeks ago in an Indiana toton, but the police believe that this was a subterfuge us ed by the robbers to throw the offi cials off their track. It is known, however, that a great deal of the money TVhich was secured in the Burlington hold-up near Lincoln was spent in Nebraska cities, where Pat Crowe and his followers make their headquarters. Crowe is one of the most desperate men in this section of tlfe country, and the kidnaping of Eddie Cudahy by him and his followers fully illustrates the character of the man. Crowe has been identified wift many daring rob beries prior to the Cudany affair and he is well known to the St. Joseph po lice. Crowe was,alleged to have vis ited St. Joseph after the (Ju^ahy af fair and it was believed at'one time he would be captured here. There is no doubt in the minds of the local police but what Pat Crowe has been behind both the Lincoln and the Davenport train robberies. Crowe is known to have followers in St. Jos eph who keep him posted on the run of affairs here. jk- Several years ago a Rock Island train was held up in the cut southeast of St. Joseph and later another at tempt was made, but the engineer fail ed to stop at the signals given by the robbers and as the train passed a number of shots were fired into the cab of the engine. The cut southeast of the city forms a very attractive spot for train rob bers and it was here that the police supposed the recent robbery of the Rock Island would occur. The only explanation given by the police for the hold-up not being pulled off near St. Joseph is that the thieves had learned that the police had been informed of the proposed robbery and, fearing they would be caught, chang ed their plans. Kesrard Fop Sacred Trees. Throughout tlio length and breadth of India tlio Plqus religiose, under which Buddlm rested for seven years plunged in divine thought, is dedicated to religious worship and may on no ac count be felled or destroyed. With more universal but not less sincere rev erence do the peasants of Russia pros* trate theniselveH before the trees which they are about to cut and deprecate the vengeance of the deities whose rest ing places they then proceed to de stroy.—Gentleman's Magazine. State Bank Examiner Bennet of Sioux City is not a candidate tor re appointment. All Fresh Up-to-Date Goods No Shoddy Anywhere Men's Best Grade First Quality Arctics $1.40 Men's Good Grade Second Qual ity Arctics $1.15 Men's Common Grade Arctics $1.00 Boys' Arctics, Best Grade.. .$1.10 Women's Arctics Best Grade .90 Misses Arctics, Best Grade.. .75 Children's Arctics, Best Grade .60 Well Known Christian Scientist Defines His Belief. DESCRIBES THE METHODS USED Archibald McClellan Makes Clear Some Points in Regard to the Doc trines Which Have Not Heretofore Been Clearly Understood by Public. "Archibald McLellan, editor of the Christian Science Sentinel, writes the following article in his journal in de fense of their faith which is explana tory of many things of interest here tofore not generally understood: Christian Scientists present them selves to the world as a people consist ently following the teachings of Jesus, the accepted Master and Exemplar of Christianity, rendering to God the things that are God's and to Caesar the things that are Caesar's. Their position is that of law-abiding citi zens enjoined to be scrupulously ex act in observing the laws of the land, careful of the rights of their fellow men, asking no more for themselves than they are willing to grant to others, and patiently to seek the reli gious liberty guaranteed to all men under the constitution of all free countries. The first amendment of the consti tution of the United States provides that "Congress shall make no law re specting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise there of and further (14th amendment, section 1), that "no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or Immunities of citi zens of the United States nor deny to any person within its jurisdistion the equal protection of the law." "The essential features of these pro visions of the federal constitution re appear in the constitution of the sev eral states, of which the following ex cerpt from the constitution of the state of Illinois may serve as an example: "The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship with out discrimination shall forever be guaranteed and no person shall he denied any civil or political right, priv ilege or capacity, on account of his re ligious opinions." In a majority of the progressive and enlightened nations of the.world, some form of the Christian religion, the teachings of Jesus Christ, is prescribed as the religion of the state, in others Christianity Is recognized as the pre vailing religion of the people. The United States is within this latter class because the great majority of our people profess Bome form of Christie anity. We may therefore say that this is a Christian country, and no one should have the hardihood to dispute the,right of any and every person to practice Christianity, or as Webster de- to UM Keep Your Feet Dry and Warm and You WiH be Healthy and Save Doctor Bills We are endeavoring with all our might to increase sales for this month and next, over that done by us last year, and the way we are doing it is by giving our customers GOOD VALUES in SERVICEABLE GOODS, Reasonable prices and Courteous Treatment. Here are a few items among the many inducements we have in store for you. "Ball-Band' ALL KNIT BOOTS, FELT BOOTS, SOCKS, Rubber Shoes (o go Over them and RUBBER BOOTS Outlast any other brand. Absolute protection to the feet from cold and wet comfort and durability every pair. Not Made or Controlled by a Trust. Be sure the trade mark "Ball-Band" is on every pair, and take no others said to be "as good as," etc. MADE ONLY BY MISHAWAKA WOOLEN MFG. CO., Mlahawaka.lnd. FOR SALE BY OUR STOCK IS ONE OF THE LARGEST IN THE CITY ROY E. STEVENS, E S O E A N 106 EAST MAIN STREET. OTTUMWA, IOWA. }wwwifwwvwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwitwwwwi*wwwwS~ HEALING BY FAITH fines it, "the system of doctrines and precepts taught by Christ." No one at all familiar with the New Testament will deny that Jesus Christ taught his followers to heal the sick, that he used no material means in healing those who came near to him, that he taught his followers to heal as he healed, and that his Immediate fol lowers healed without material means. It is therefore a fact that the religion of Christ includes healing without drugs or other material remedies, and this has been recognized, in some de gree, by Christian teachers of all faiths The establishment of this fact places Christian healing within the protection of the religious liberty guaranteed by the constitution. The fact that so-' called material science has declared for a system of drugs does not alter the fundamental law of the land, nor does it give reason for invading the person al and religious liberty of the people. A different phase of the question is presented, however, in the matter of reporting cases of so-called contagious disease, in keeping with the law or regulation which subject to the above constitutional limitations, has been en acted with a view to conserve the pub lic welfare, and so long as the law de mands that such cases be reported, Christian Scientists should be prompt and unfailing in their obedience and give the public the benefit of any serious doubt whiqh may attend the classification of disease. Respecting this our Leader has said: "On the subject of reporting, con tagion I have this to say: I have always believed that Christian Scientists should be law-abiding and, actuated by this conviction, I authorized the fol lowing statement, which appeared in the Boston Herald about one year ago: 'Rather than quarrel over vaccina tion,I recommended that if the law de mand an individual to submit to this process, he obey the law and then ap peal to the gospel to save him from any bad results. Whatever changes be long to this century, or any epoch, we may safely submit to the provi dence of God, to common justice in dividual rights, and governmental usages/ "This statement should be so inter preted as to apply on the basis of Christian Science, to the reporting of contagion to the proper authorities when the law so requires. When Jesus was questioned about obying the human law, he declared: 'Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's,' even though you render unto God the things that are God's." Healing through Christian Science has been before the public for some thirty-six years, and notwithstanding that it has been the subject of bitter criticism and merciless attack, it has won its way to the public confidence through the healing of every form of disease. Its adherents are healthy, happy men and women, and in unnumbered cases they were made healthy and happy through Christian Science after years of suffering, and after medical and surgical treatment had utterly failed. If there were but one such case it would present justification for the existence of the Church of Christ 1PBB! mawMjjW'aiiititu .srji A "he Best of Everything Not Lacking Anything mrnrnssmsi^m MA our Men's.Best Grade First Qual ity Storm Alaskas $1.00 Women's Best Grade First Qual ity Storm Alaskas 75 Women'ii Storm Rubbers 45 Men's Felt Boots and Overs..$1.75 And in all grades up to $3.00 Men's Brand, Sooks, Ball German a pair.. .75 Ladies Felt Shoes $1.00 to $1.25 and $1.50 and $2.00 Scientist, but there are thousands,. To demand of Christian Scientists unvary.^y jl ing success is an overcoming disease,aC is to subject them to a test which would utter-ly and forever condemn thei,, materlal methods of treatment. foi which the exactors stand. While Chris-' tlan Scientists rejoice in achievements which havo removed all doubt,"Tloth as to the sufficiency of the principle of Christian Science, and as to the. only safe and wise coursc for them to pur sue they recognize that they are buC" relative beginners in the apprehension of truth, and they point to Jesus as tho only perfect demonstrator of the heal ing power. Undoubtedly the list of thirty-five failures within six years, recently coiu. piled by a critic Is not complete, but if there were several times that num ber the percentage would still be so far below the normal death rate undei medical practice as to accentuate the fact that Christian Science is more et ficlent. We have heard no whisper of indict ing the physicians and parents of the 1,145 who died of diptherla In six months in Greater New York. Since Christian Science has been be fore the public, hundreds of reputable persons have testified that they have been so enlightened by reading tho text book, "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures" by Mary G. Ed dy, that they have been healed, and '.v very many of them after they were given up by physicians. Mrs. Eddy is constantly In receipt of thanks and en couraging words from archbishops, doctors of divinity, eminent lawyers and loving children. Mrs. Eddy advises that "until tho public thought becomes better ac quainted with Christian Science the s: Christian Scientists shall decline to 4 doctor infectious or contagious dls eases." The prosperity of our cause, and the health and regeneration of mankind demand that all Christian Scientists shall he awake to every thought that1 quickens their spiritual perception. They must remember that "In Science, Divine Love alone governs man" (Church Manual), and steadfastly con secrate themselves to the service of God. Live Poultry Wanted, 217 South Union Street. B£st market for Turkeys \yill be I Christmas. .. We will want spnijgs and hens and would be pleased to have you get our prices when yott have Mock to market. Inspect the new build ing. No danger of Cars. SWIFT & COMPANY, Successors to W. M. Rideout SPARHAWK RHEUMAIIC CURE A positive core for all formB of Articular,aud Mas-1 ealAr RbeamkUsin Neuralirta ana Lumbago, It is I purcdj^fptatuegnd entirely harmless affords in-1 ana Lumbago, it is I /harmless aflordsia-l nqeffeotsa permanent oure.nc matter I how long standing or howinany remedies havo been I tried without relief. A trial will convince any body I of its efficiency. For sale by all drafftrlsts or sent to I any address on recofpt of 90 ccnts. Bend for testl-1 monlals. 8parha\vk Chemical Co.. Ht. Louis* Mo.