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\r- Serni-W eekly Courier BY THB COURIER PRINTING CO. PtJUndea 8th August, 1848. A, W. LBB Pfcbllshtr AS. F. POWELL Bittlnefts Manager •ntered at Ottnmwa as Second Clan Uattcr. Piibltabr'tl Eoml-Wcekly on Taeldayi and Thtirwlnr*. Ofiico: 111! South Market Street. THrphone (editorial or business office) No. 44. Address the Courier Priming Co.. Ottnm wg. loitn. 'SUBSCRIPTION RATES. PiiiyvCoi r:«-r. 1 year, hy mall...$4.00 Beml-WeeKlv Courier. 1 year 1.60 ANXIOUS FOR POPE'8 HEALTH. Jfews ol the sudden turn lor the worse in the .conditio!! of Pope Leo's health though not unexpected has fill ed not only the religious but the whole civilized world with concern. For twenty-five years head of the Hainan Catholic church Pope Leo has come Into exceptional prominence and hag probably more than any other one per son, taken part in the affairs of the world ana had a hand in shaping the destinies of the nations. A nian of apparently frail physique At the time of his accession to the pott tiflclal chair, he has shown,himself to be Possessed of remarkable vitality and now at the age of 93 years he is possessed of clear mental powers, The tenacity with which he clings to life Is something remarkable. He is opposed to the suggestions that are at times made by his physicians and though he is given the greatest possible care it has been noticeable for the past few weeks that stale of the audiences have overtaxed his strength. Sunday afternoon he was taken with the last failing spell and when apprais ed of his serious condition he was prepared for his last coin muuion. It was wifn saddened and sorrowing hearts that the cardinals ad' ministered the last rites of the church. As the closing words were said the pope in scarcely audible tones pro nounced his benediction on the sacred colIcge and than sank back on his pil lows. There Was scarcely a tearless eye in the whole assembly. As these were grieved so the mem bers of his church sorrowed at the an nouncement of his critical condition, "fhd whole world awaits with anxiety word from the sick bed. 1 1 ABETTORS IN CRIME. Disgraced by the br,u(al lynching of jt negro th? city of Wilmington and the state of Delaware have added to their dishonor by the cowardice of the authorities in prosecuting the ex ploiters of lawlessness and murder. The governor, attorney general, may or and other officials have decided to allow the murderers who partici pated in burning the negro at the stake to go free from punishment. This course was the result of a con ference at which it was the opinion that "in the face of united public sen timent in support of lynch law, order could tie best preserved by calling it a closed incident." "United public sentiment" cannot be truthfully said to be in fafbr of such barbarous punishment, though a majority of people may have felt that speedy justice should have been met ed out. It cannot then be otherwise than that the failure of the city and state officials to make an attempt to mete out proper and deserved punish ment to the leaders of the murderous band is due to fear if not moral cow ardlce. Law, order nor the safety of life can be served by such a course. Their position makes them abettors Ih Crime of law breaking, inciters to riot afld a positive detriment to their city and- state. GOVERNMENT FINANCES. jtv That the great business interests of the United States are in excellent condition is evidenced by the reports of the treasury department for the fis cal yerir ending with Jttrie. As figured out by treasury officials there is a sur plus in the United Stales treasury of $02,710,590 and an available cash bal anoe of $2.3,545,012. This surplus is smaller than last year, it being $91, 000,000 for the fiscal year of 1902. HOW. ever the surplus is larger than the es tlmates that were made by the sec retary of the treasury several months ago. Then too, it is larger than conserva tive men of finance thought It would I be, in view of the falling off of the in come and increase of the outgo that has been experienced. During the early part of the past year the Spanish-American war taxes •were repealed. This action led experts to believe that tlfere would be a large .. falling off in revenue. As expected, there has been a diminution in the rev enue but it has not been as large as was anticipated. Prom the report of the treasury department it is seen that the decrease amounts to $41,764,886. Tike following summary gives in brief the government transactions for the liast year: 8ources of Revenue. Customs ... .... $283,891,719 Internal revenue 230,115,256 Miscellaneous .. .... 44,880,551 Expenditures. Civil and miscellaneous $125,016,312 War (including rivers and har bors) .. .. ...... .. 118,459,683 Navy .... 82,696,803 Indians.. .. .. .. .. .. 12,931,556 Pensions 138,425,618 Interest.. ., 28,556,619 The fact that there has been an In creased the revenue may be attrlbut ed to the general prosperity that ex ists throughout the country, it Trill doubtless be suggested by some that this large surplus is an indication that the revenue producing machinery of the government is not fitted to the times. It Will be found however, upon com parison that the expenditures have in creased during the fiscal year ih found numbers $30,000,000 over the fiscal year of 1902. This then, would seem to indicate that the rev enue machinery is not so far wrong, it Cannot be gainsaid that as the country grows the expenses of the gov ernment will increase and as the Unit ed Stdt^s is making rapid development an advance in expenditures may be expected yearly. The army and navy will continue to call for large expen ditures though It may not increase ma terially for many years yet their needs will never decrease. The army will have to be kept at its present standing. This is also true of the navy and ih fact the appropriations to this branch of the nation's defense should be In creased. The navy is badly in need of more men and as the war vessels now under construction are completed and put ihto commission this demand will grow for many years. It can be easily seen that the tendency of the government's expenses for the next few yeftrs will be Upward and it is quite gratifying that there is a ten dency in the nation's receipts to ex pand. EDUCATION OF THE NEGRO. "As you sow, so shall ye also reap" and "If you sow the wind ye shaH reap the whlflMnd." Never was a more forcible Illustration of these two texts ever given to humanity than is seen in the treatment of the negroes of the United States. Today the people of the south and indeed of the whole na tion are reaping the harvest sown in slavery days. This is the position ta ken by Dr. M. C. B.' Mason, head of the Freedmen's Aid Bureau of the Methodist Episcopal church, and one of the leading men of his race. Living in slavery days and knowing from experience of the conditions that then existed, having by his own in dustry and efforts raised himself to the high place he now occupies. Dr. Mason takes this position. He de-1 clares that some of the crimes com mittqd against society by men of the colored race and the resultant lynch-1 ings are but the outgrowth of the glar ing immorality that existed in many places in the southern states during slavery days. "Morality," Dr. Mason declares, "was a word unknown to many of the slave mastors. The ne groes were treated as chattels, and the principles of morality were foreign to them. Now the early history of the race is asserting itself in the out rages, which have in some cases been done." Dr. Mason, while he deplores present conditions, rtoeB not look upon them as entirely hopeless or beyond Improvement. Born in slavery and never seeing ai printed word until he was 12 years of age, he has by Ills self culture and in dependent courage worked himself thrOUsh three different educational in stitutiofts. Now as secretary of the Freedmen's aid Work Of his church he Has Charge of forty-sevrtn different in stitutions maintained for the instruc tion and Culture of the rifvno-'s of the south. As a man thoroughly acquaint ed with the colored race he is eminent ly fitted to speak of existing conditions' and the hopes for the uplifting of the. rfece and his opinions rannot but be thoroughly interesting to the paople of the nation. In a word Dr. Mason sums up the! hope of future deliverance of his race. In education he sees the means of up lifting the colored man and enlarging his usefulness,expanding his capabilities and inculcating in him a desire for morality. "My theories on' the race question," he declares Vare not based on mere abstract thought. I know what education is doing for my race in the south and I know what it has done for me. Education is taking: the.colored man of the south from the' wharves and the levees, from the cot-! ton fields and tobacco fields, and is making out of him a Moses of his race. From the graduates of our forty-' seven schools for the negroes, the church has made carpenters, doctors, blacksmiths and lawyers. They are: leaders among their people and by their lives of helpfulness are sending more men and women to our schools thah: We can teach. The race question will solve itself. The black boy and girl are eager for education. Their anibi tious are as high as those of their white brother and sister and the work is gradually being accomplished.' The desire to emulate the deeds of the able men of the colored race is having a most wholesome effect on the remainder of their brethern. As the.j work of education grows it will natur ally spread more rapidly until its up lifting influence will have permeated the entire race. Meanwhile, it is the duty of American people and institu tions to give all possible encourage ment to this work and as far as pos sible seek to instill the desire for law observance in the minds of the colored race. OUTLOOK FOR ALASKA. Indications are that within the next few years Alaska will witness a period of development that heretofore has seemed impossible. New railroads have been projected for that region and the recent experiments by the United States agricultural department have given out some little intimation of the farming possibilities of that country. At present there is talk of the con struction of four lines of railroad. All will have their southern terminus in American territory near the Canadian border and will extend to the north, ra diating to the rich mining fields of the northlands. They will open up much .of the richest land to settlement. One may be built as far north as Nome. An other is to be built into the Tanana valley. where gold has been recently discovered and which some prospect ors believe will prove richer than Klondike. With these accessories, the settlement of the new territory cannot long be delayed- It has been, definitely determined that immense stretches of land are suitable for farming purposes ahd that the climate is favorable to practically every crop that is grown in the temperate zone. This last con sideratiOn is one that Was hot thought of at the time the Jand was purchased from Russia, fisheries and furs Was looked upon as the greatest source of Wealth possessed there. Some miner' al output might have been looked for but the mining of gold has already far surpassed the most sanguine expecta tions. The present conditions existing in the northern possessions of the United States are most encouraging to a phe nomenal development. In the ten years ending in 1900 Alaska's population was dqUbled, the figure for that year being 64,000. It is not improbable that dur ing the three years since 1900 the pop ulation has surpassed that of the de cade. More than $5,000,000 a year is being taken from the gold fields and the opportunities in that direction are believed to be almost unlimited. Present indications are that the val ue of the Uited States' possession of Alaska is far beyond any that has ever been estimated and it appears that this will speedily be enhanced to a very great degree. Something must be done for Alaska. Its greatest need at pres ent seems to be the establishment of a territorial government. And it does not seem improbable that this may be soon accomplished as the President and many of the republicans in con gress arc known to favor such a course. RESULTS OF MONROE DOCTRINE ENFORCEMENT. The development of current history in the United States during the past few years has given rise to unparallel ed interest in that American belief known as the Monroe doctrine. In an address before the members of the Brotherhood of St. Paul of the Metho dist church Senator S. H. Harper gave a clear and concise summary of this unwritten policy together With, a brief review of its relation to the de velopment of the country that cannot but be interesting to the American citizen. In the consideration of this subject the origin of this policy is'of the first importance. Promulgated by President Monroe, whose name It bears, in 1822. it set forth the disapproval of the United States government of the atti tude assumed by some of the Euro pean powers toward the South Amer ican republics which had thrown off the yoke of Spain in the early part of the last century. "This was a bold step for our government to take at that period. We were a nation of lit tle more than 10,000,000 people, scat tered over a wide expanse of territory, with an insignificant army and navy that the nations looked on with con tempt." Though there was little to lead the European powers to believe that this government could enforce this new policy, the pluck and deter mination expressed in its delivery caused it to be observed with the re gard that has marked itn observation fh'-oncheut th° subsecufnt vears of th!s nation's-, histc-y. It has been call ed into Use fhmy tinier since. In 1826 President Adams warned Great. Britain and France, under no consideration, to attempt to occupy Cuba or Porto Rico. Again in 1S43 Secretary of State Web ster was/called,unon to reiterate this ih* Snr-ilsh government, But with the growth of the United States the scope of the Monroe doc trine Was increased and in 1851. the doctrine was made to apply to Ameri can waters. During the Civil war Napoleon III took advantage of our crlftnlrd Condi tion, sent an army into Mexico and placed Maximilian on the throne. AU prrhy sent, acrnp* the Pin Grande gave Napoleon 'hp Mrt and his forces were imme'Untolv withdrawn. In 186!) the (loctr'nc was given a broader srone by President Grant. Not only ^td the United States object to Fnro*~nn cn'on'ratinn In the west ern hemisphere, but colonies then held, 1t w&~ declared, could not be trans ferred to any other power. Again in to Ven°zuelBn boundary disrmte in isnn it was through the operation of this policy that a speedy and peaceful settlement was effected. So consistent has been the enforce ment of this policy on the part of this government that, its righteousness is no longer questioned. In fact it might well be considered an unwrit ten law of the international code, so potent has been its influence in the settlement of question pertaining to international relations of the western countries. The Monroe Doctrine has become thoroughly Inculcated into the Ameri can life and its enforcement .is looked upon by the American people as a duty. THE FINANCIAL SITUATION. The dominating factors in the finan cial situation at this time are the crops and money. This condition will probably prevail for some time to come. The heavy disbursements dur ing June together with a temporary oversold condition of the local stock market, and better foreign monetary conditions, have all tended to cause a fair recovery in the stock mar ket. The usual summer quiet is ap proaching with its better opportunity for better studying existing condi tions. Heavy liquidation marked the operations during the first six months of 1993 and it is not probable that the ready readjustment is entirely com pleted. Reliable securities are now quite generally selling 'at intrinsic val ues though many of the new creations are being offered at inflated figures. Lateness is the most discouraging consideration in the crop outlook. Though this may endanger corn, by early frosts yet seven or eight weeks of hot weather will work great chang es. Wheat is practically sure to make a» abundant yield, followed by a big export demand and profitable prices. Cotton, though backward, is vigorous and favorable weather will doubtless result in a bumper crop. The monetary situation is summed up by Henry Clews in the following manner: The monetary situation is really better than anticipated, chiefly owing to severe stock market liquidation and the reduction of our obligations abroad. The banks throughout the country are about as well off in re spect to reserves as they were a year ago, the percentage of legal reserves, to deposits' in all. the national banks being 22.08 on June 9, 22.68 on April 9, and 22.33 oh July 16, 1902. Nation al bank circulation is $50,000,000 larger than a year ago, capital stock shows an increase of $41,000,000 and surplus and other profits an increase of $60, 000,000. At the same time the na tional bank loans outstanding amount ed to 3,416 millions on June A, an In crease of 193 millions over the state ment of July 16 last year, so that it Is clear there is little room for further expansion. The banks, however, have their resources under-much better con trol than a year ago, there Is less money employed in stock speculation and ordinary business requirements are more likely to be less than larger than last year, so that when the stringency incidental to crop move ments becomes due it promises to be largely discounted in advance, as events foreseen usually are. Another indication'of the healthful condition the money market is in is the apparently large amount of mon ey waiting for investment. This con dition Was indicated by the speedy taking of the $70,000,000 new stock of the Pennsylvania company. As a whole there is no .'cause for a pessi mistic View of tH6 situation and a careful conservative policy will bring about desired results. KANSAS CALLS FOR HELP. The latest appeal for aid comes from the wheatlands of Kansas. Harvest hands must be had at once else thous ands of bushels of grain will be lost. Appeals for help have been pouring in to the offices of the free employment bureaus of the state until the agencies are nearly submerged. Men to help gather in the abundant harvests are wanted. For such help Kansas farm ers are offering from $2.25 to $3 per day 'With board. At this rate the farm hand can make from $13.50 to $18 per week and having practically no ex pense can save nearly the entire amount. It is not difficult to understand the cause of the scarcity of help in the harvest fields Of Kansas when it is remembered that all lines of activity in the United States are at this time calling for men. Workmen are every where in demand. Besides the harvest employment can only last for a few weeks and no workman wants to quit steady employment for temporary work. .. a There is no occasion to. accept the criticisms that some envious persons are making against Cousins' speech at the republican convention. Their ob jections will be entirely without effect until such time as they can show a better article ,of republicanism than Mr. Cousins possesses. Gen. Fltzhugh Lee seems to ,be of the opinion that the eduaational meth od of solving the racc question Is a poor one. The general, ought not to cxpect that an abbreviated course will accomplish the desired resultB. Uncle Sam's general store was pa tronized to the sum of more than $2, 400,000,000 last year. He is delivering the goods more rapidly than ever be fore and the bad order is unknown. Iowa farmers are bo busy right now that they don't have any time to re pair the roads that were damaged by the floods and have less time to use them. Mr. Cummins and the republicans of Iowa are going: to show the democrats of the state one of the liveliest times they have ever experienced this. fail. There are lots of republicans in the Sixth district ho are glad with Major Lacey to be able to stand on a corner of the platform. IOWA PRESS COMMENT Tall of Bryanism. The Washington Press sttys"' the Iowa demoCras' attack on the Aldrich bill "is the wiggling of the tail of Bry anism until the sun shall set." 0 Is This Democratic Harmony? The Creston American, dem. does not believe the so-called conservative democrats will succeed in controlling the party, for the reason that the peo pie demand progress and action. "The progressive democrats," the American continues, "want to advance the con' servatives are the dog in the manger. They won't do anything themselves and they howl at everybody that wants to do something. They won at the last state convention because the progres sive elements were divided. They won't be divided next yeai —O-"* Young, But "Oh, My." "The republican party is still young but," asserts the Hartley Journal, "she's the grandest thing this side of the moon and is able to yank the lint out of anything that bumps up against her." Waste of Words. "The declaration of the Iowa dem ocrats against imperialism," says the Fairfield Ledger, "looks like a waste of words. That issue is as dead as free silver. But Iowa democrats had to say something." Rinehart Seems Pleased/'-: The Newton Herald claims the dis tinction of being the first newspaper in the United States to suggest the name of Hearst for president. "And the worst pare of It is," comments the Creston Gazette, "that Mr. Rinehart seems pleased with himself." Honored in Seclusion. -I •Responding to many Inquiries as to the whereabouts of Fred White, the Oskaloosa Times-Journal, dem-, ex plains that the democrat is down on his farm in Keokuk county doing the work that moves and feeds the world. "Moreover," the Oskaloosa pa per adds, "he is just as much honored in the seclusion which he has chosen as if he were living in the garish light of publicity." U: "Get Together" Club. 5®1 Iowa republicans have material for one of the greatest "Get Together' Clubs on record. "I Pi" Disclaims Money as Issue. "The money question," asserts the Davenport Democrat "is not an issue in the Iowa campaign, aqd.it has no legitimate business in the national con test of 1904." Wf -o- W Not Convenient. The editor of the Oskaloosa Herald home from Des Moines long enough to get most of the kinks out of his an atcrmjr, remarks for the benefit o'f the committee on arrangements "that Sit ting tailor fashion on a camp cliai? and making a report of a state Conven tion on the upper story of a straw hat is not the personification of con venience." -V'. 'i. Man Without a Part/. The Vinton Eagle sees that the dem ocratic party is getting away from Mr. Bryan and that he, unable to change his views upon the subject nearest his heart, will soon be a man Without a party. No Majority Reductions. "The democrats of Iowa," says the Manchester Press "nominated a clean ticket, and perhaps the strongest nam ed in recent years by that party, but there Will be no reduction in the re publican majorities." Have Glass Houses. "Be careful what you say to the czar Mr. President," advises the Winterset Reporter, "we have a good many glass houses over here." Why Meddle? The Decorah Republican says it is unable to see why the American gov ernment should feel called upon to in terfere in the affairs of other nations, even though these affairs are as bru tal as the first reports of the Russian treatment of its Jewish subjects in dicated. "As a nation We are not spotless," the Republican points out, "and our records are not clean as they relate to the red men and the black men Within our borders." —0—- Lynching is Anarchy. "Lynching is anarchy ana should be dealt with as such," says the Keo kuk Gate City. —o— Road Law Insufficient. The Guthrie Center Guthrian says the new state law is a failure in Guth rie county and it doubts whether it will ever become practicable. The only thing that will save it in the Guthrian's opinion is an increased levy for road purposes. "The amount levied under the Anderson law," says the Guthrian, "is insufficient to keep a superintend ent and gang employed only a short time. In most townships the amount of the appropriation is exhausted be fore half of the township is gone over. Spots on the Spectacles. The Iowa City Republican points out that when it comes to construing the republican tariff plank much will de pend upon the spots on the spectacles. Now for the Campaign. "And now, has not the 'Iowa Idea' been discussed to the finish?" asked the Burlington Hawk-Eye. "Let us try and fine} where the democrats are and open the campaign." MR. COUSINS' SPEECH. Cedar Rapids Republican: The speech delivered by Congressman Cousins before the republican state convention will go unchallenged into the category of great political speech es. Those who agree with him and those who differ from him will agree to this estimate. That Mr. Cousins expressed the dominant sentiment of the national republican party is not in doubt for a single instant. But for the factional controversies which have existed in this state, its sentiments would be greeted with' acclaim by every mart who holds to the republican name in Iowa. There is not an un-republican sentiment in it. Under the Circum stances it was a courageous as it was eloquent. The history of this country, if it attests anything, attests the fact that assaults upon the tariff under whatever pretext made, have invarl bly resulted in disaster. Labor and capital alike stand united against fre quent and unnecessary meddling with the revenue laws. So that even if nothing else than change were involved, the protest against change at this time would be warranted. But mere change is not the essence of the recent attacks upon the tariff. There is no disguising the fact that protection in its essence was aimed at. Others were simply seeking to trim their sails to catch What they supposed was a popular breeze. In the midst of the confusion, Mr. Cousins simply lifted up his voice and said in effect: "Look not to the asteroids for guidance, out to the fixed stars." Pro tection With Mr. Cousins, as it was with Mr. McKinley, is a conviction, not a theory. WHO IS A GOOD CITIZEN? Cedar Rapids Republican: Senator Ingalls once said: "I affirm that ev ery community has just as good gov ernment as it deserves to have." Burke declared, "There was never long a corrupt government of a virtu ous people." If these two statements he true it is very evident that so far as munici palities are concerned, we have little right to lay claim to 'good citizenship, for if our position is What we deserve, the record condemns us and if a vir tuous people will not long endure cor rupt government, we certainly cannot lay claim to being a virtuous people in our cities, for since cities grew up in the United States their government for the most part has been abominable. Writers on municipal problems all tell us that what we need is good citi zens and this is in line with what In galls ahd Burke have said. But who is a good citizen? The average person answering that question will say: "A man who obeys the laws, pays his debts, lives decently in his family and toward his neighbors." And this is all right as far as it goes. But in a government such as ours, that is not enough in order to constitute good cit izenship in a political sense. Our government is often likened to a business establishment. And this fig ure is excellent, So far as municipal government is concerned. Each citi zen is a stockholder and each citizen has an advantage which the average stockholder in a business concern does not possess in that his vote is equal to the vote of any other stockholder. As such he has a distinct duty to perform and he has no right to lay claim to be ing an altogether good citizen unless he exercises that right. When men form a corporation for business purposes that are legitimate, they seek first of all to so place the stock that the body corporate will commend itBelf to the public. They iESUti seek men of integrity and ability, men Who have a reputation of looknig after things placed in their charge. This is especially true if the institution is one that seeks the custody of funds of cit izens In general, or the public, like a bank or trust company. A corporation of this character made up of men care less in their habits and Indifferent of their trusts and responsibilities, would be called a poor company, People wouid not entrust matters of great im port to a corporation composed of such stockholders. The Universal query would be "Why don't they get some good material in their corporation if they want to Succeed?" Yet men who habitually neglect the fundamental duties Of citizenship who never attend caucuses, who are in different as to elections, who refer to politics as a bore, are often called good citizens. They are not good citizens. They are careless of the most import ant duties of citizenship. They, more than any other class of persons, are responsible for the rascality and cor ruption which flourish in all our larg er cities, and which have caused the American system as applied to muni cipalities to be declared a failure. THE KAISER AND THE KEAR SARGE. Chicago Evening Post: The kaiser "rapidly but throughly inspected" our good ship Kearsarge, now represent ing the republic at Kiel, and his anxiety of the American people in the circumstances, the kaiser immediately sent to the President his imperial ex pression of approval, and the incident may now with the greatest satisfaction to all concerned, be considered Closed. The real international importance of this historical event lies, of course, in the rehabilitation of the reputation of our navy in the eyes of the world. Various experts—German cavalry of ficers and others similarly equipped to pass upon marine matters very re cently gave out to an attentive world that our navy was an egregious ag gregation of tubs, that our sailors were an undisciplined mob unfit to navigate a horse car in an Indiana town,and that if we ever got into, dif ficulties with—or Words to that ef fect. But now that we have appealed our case to the court of last resort, as it were, and our exhibits have been thoroughly though rapidly inspected and roundly approved, we hope to hear no more slanders, and we return to our former security and natural pride. Hoch der kaiser! PHILLIP8 18 HEARD FROM. Des Moines Register and Leader: T. J. Phillips Of Ottumwa, democratic nominee for governor two years ago, Was in the city last Wednesday as a delegate to the state convention. He arrived late from Chicago, where he had been for Several days on busi ness. Mr. PhilllpB was noncummuni cative on politics, but was enthusias tic on the prospects of the-next meet ing of the Eisteddfod, which will be held in Des Moines next December. Mr. Phiftlps aiid tne members of the board of directors will meet here Sat urday to make arrangements for the big song festival and Will at that time elect officers. Concerning the gath ering, he said: "I do not believe that there will be any change in the officers at the coming meeting. Good work has been done and in spite of the efforts of some others to establish an Eisteddfod association, Which they say will hold a festival in Des Moines, the old association will this year have a better aiid larger meeting than ever before. Large prizes will be offered and I believe it will be found that in December there Will be but the one Eisteddfod association, the old one. I clo not know what plans Will be made at the meeting of the board. I have not been home for several days and have not even received the notice of the meeting. But I Will be on hand," SUPPRESSION OF MOB RULE. New York Evening Post: What vio lence can do as a remedy for violence we see in the renewed rioting in Wil mington, with the threats of disturb ance in other parts of Delaware. The governor seems to have taken the nov el view that if the mob were only giv en its head ahd Whites and blacks al lowed to fly at each othei throats for a time everything would soon settle down into the beatific calm. It was re served for Richmond to teach the real stern lesson to mob rule. The appli cation of martial, law with an iron hand, open orders to the troops to shoot the first rioter that showed his head—that was the way they did it in Virginia, and it is the only way to deal with murderous lawlessness, as the history of government has shown before and since Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot." The moment that a pub lic official dallies with men who set the laws and courts at defiance—worst of all, cowers before them and allows them to sway the action of the sworn guardians of order—that moment does he endanger the whole fabric of gov ernment. As for the riotous negroes of Wilmington, what moral had the white mob taught them but the one they drew—namely, that the way to secure their rights was not to appeal to the authorities, but to arm them selves and strike terror into every heart? CHANGING DECORATION DAY. St. Louis Globe-Democrat: At last the G. A. R. has turned. The veterans of New York have adopted a resolu tion asking that Decoration day be changed by statute-from May 30 to the first Sunday in June. The purpose of this is to prevent the use of the day by the giddy and unfeeling youth of the country as a jolly holiday instead of turning their minds toward the more sober reflections that Memorial day Was meant to inspire. This action of the New York G. A. R. is a staggering blow to all movements in favor of more national holidays and it will al so strike our beloved but not too seri ous minded Willy of the patent leather belt and sailor hat, and his girl, Cilly, of the .bushel of mauled-up hair and perforated stockings in a most painful matter—their spring 'outing." What, to them, is a holiday but a holiday? A holiday in the store, shop or office is a day you don't work and a day you don't work is a day for buggy rides, excursions, "beerfests" ahd usually a great deal of deviltry the prevalence of the last almost convincing the world that many people are not fit to havo holidays. It Is hard fotr many youthful persons to give up one day, and that a "holiday," to reveries oh the melan choly sacrifices made by the elder gen eration that the country they live ,iu might exist. Perhaps their fatherf were in the draft riots. Not averyont in the United States teas pride of an cestry. The picnic grounds and th beer garden appeal to same so mucli more strongly than the cemetery. Lofl ty emotions are a special boon whicl only the aristocrats of moral sensibil ity may enjoy. Any holiday with a fine idea behind it is lost on the oth, ersj just as Thanksgiving has degeif erated in many instances to a mfer vulgar stuffing day, without religion and With no more noticm of thanksgiv ing or an uplooking tfoan the swine feeding on "the acorns fleel toward the oak that casts them at their feet. Right feeling cannot be legislated into existence by holidays, .here is con siderable sentiment among those who look on the memories of the war with reverence that "Decoration day" is a mistake. This'Sentiment is crystallized in the action of the New York G.. A. R. With Decoration day transferred to a Sunday, re-enforced bty the sacred character of that day universally set aside for better thoughts, it may be re stored to what its projectors intended. "JU8TICE FOR METCALF. Burlington Hawk-Eye: There can be no doubt great in justice would be done Hon. J. T. Mgtcalf, recently sus pended from his duties as superintend ent of mail order division of the post office department, if be Were not re stored after his vindication. A life long devotion to the work in which he has successfully introduced many re forms and improvements, an unspotted reputation for probity and fidelity to duty, make it essential for the pres tige of the service and the encourage ment and the reward of faithful work ers, that Mr. Metcalf shall be reinstat ed. It is due the service and it is due him. An honorable career should not be marred by an unjust accusation. The Iowa delegation In congress has unshaken confidence in Mr. Metcalf, and are energetically asking that he be reinstated. The Des Moines Regis ter and Leader, referring to the case, says: "The Hon. A. K. Bailey in his De corah Republican has a friendly edi torial upon the subject of the dismissal of James T. Metcaltf from the postof flce department, and expressing his unshaken confidence in the integrity of his old time neighbor, who for many years was editor oif the Lansing Mir ror, in an adjoining, county. The news paper men of Iowa who knew James T. Metcalf, and everybody else who ever knew him, wiil join in this avow al of faith in the man. It is unfortu nate, but inevitable), that such a sweep ing investigation as is now being car ried on at Washington, with the at tention of the entire country centered upon it, should work a handicap and injustice to many individuals guilty of no wrong intent. The public is In no mood to listen to explanations The newspapers will scarcely print a defensive ntatemeint. If a man is ac cused, he is as good as convicted, and if his name'gets into the papers h« is smirched forever. An error of jud® mentor a thoughtless act, which in the light of later developments may have a doubtful appearance, costs a man hla good name near the close of a blame less life." THE BRONCHO OF THE SEAS. (William Hale in July Outing.) Luff an' reef, my bloomin' lan'sman, Here's a shot acrost your bows, Whilst I Stan's an' tells ye civil O' the propereEit thing in scows. Ye may jaw, ye loony lubber, 'Bout your brotnze yachts trig an* tight, An' your little toon-fool raters As what gives a chump delight. But heave to, my poor lan'lubber! It's God's truth, 'twixt you an' me, Ye knows nothin' about vessels, An' still.less about the sea. Take your very stJffest sea-bo'ts That blue water ever tinned v-. They aiti't in it With a dory I'g in a living gale o' wind. "''A An' the gamest, narvlest hosses That is raised upon the land Can't compare with ontamed dories Full o' mettle, sarse, an' sand. .Honest, when it comes to business. An' the combers 'round ye flow, There ain't nothin' 3ike a dOry, Rldin' out a 'tarmal blow. If so be ye pulls to wand'ard With a blizzard 'gin your back An' a hundred thousan' hell dogs Frothin', growlin' in your track. It's the dev'lish, ducikin' dory Buried in the flying foam, As What fills a man with ginger, An' what makes him feel to home. So the properest bo't, you lubber— If ye're pleased, or if ye ain't— Is the one that saves a sinner From becommin' of a saint. An' I 'lows tha ablest critter f. In a screechin', slewiln' breeze Is the bouncin'. buckin' dory, Tricky broncho o' the seas! THE OLD KENTUCKY HOME. The Bun shines bright on the bayonets and guns, On the cannon in the common and the square There Is music in the bugle and tha rolling of the drums. And there's music on the riffles in the air The militiamen are mounting guard be fore the old jail door, The mountaineers are massing foi the fray, And it's getting mighty lively in a doz en ways or more, In the old Kentucky home so far away. The orchards are in blossom and th perfumed air is sweet, Oh! the face of nature mever wai more fair But the colonels are a-shootinig at each other on the street. And the mountaineers are out upon a tear— For it's summer in Kentucky, and without a feud or two, Without a chance to shoqt and stab and slay, Life would not be worth the living where the meadow grass is blue, In the old Kentucky home so far away. if, —Rochester Post-B^ftresis.