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Ottumwa semi-weekly courier. (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1899-1903, August 11, 1903, Image 10

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TUESDAY, August 11, 1903.
I Srci I COUNCIL j?
Semi-Weekly Courier
BY THE COURIER PRINTING CO.
Founded 8{jfr August, 1848.
A. W- LBB Publisher
JA8, F. POWELL Business Manager
Bntered at Ottnmwa
Matter.
No. 44.
as Second Clan
Published Semi-Weekly on Tuesdays and
Thursdays.
Office: 112 South Market Street
Telephone (editorial or business office)
Address the Conrler Printing Co., Ottum
we, Iowa.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
Pally Courier, 1 year, by mail...$4.00
Semi-Weekly Courier, year 1.50
REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET.
For Governor.
A. B. CUMMINS.
Polk County.
«7& For Lieut. Governor.
JOHN HERRIOTT,
Guthrie County.
For Supt. Public Instruction.
JOHN P. RIGGS.
Keokuk County.
For Judge of the Supreme Court.
CHARLES A. BISHOP.
Polk County.
For Railroad Commissioner. J\-
DAVID J. PALMER.
Washington County!
POPE PIUS X.
Raised to the highest position in the
gift of the church Giuseppe Sarto was
yesterday named as the successor to
the late Pope Leo XIII, after almost
four days' continuous session of the
conclave of cardinals. He will be
iknown as Pope Pius X. Thus ends one
of the most important conclaves ever
held by the Catholic cardinals and one
in which the public interest was, if
possible, more general than ever be
fore held.
The conclave was important, pri
marily because it became the duty of
the cardinals to elect a successor of
one of the greatest pontiffs who ever
occupied the papal chair. It was of
greater importance than any preceding
conclave because of the fact that the
Catholic church is greater today than
ever before In its history, touching as
it does, by its influence, the people in
eyery part of the globe.
As to the wisdom of the selection the
developments of the years to come
alone will tell. Judging, however, by
the present indications, it appears that
the selection should be entirely satis
factory, especially to those who desire
a continuation of the policies of the
late Pope Leo XIII.
Sarto was created cardinal at the
consistory held by Pope Leo in 189.'!.
Shortly thereafter he was made patri
arch of Venice, one of the highest hon
ors that can be given to any one of the
cardinals.
Never taking a very active part in
the political and public life of the
church, he has devoted a greater part
of his time to study and good works,
and might rightly be called an exem
plary churchman, He is exceedingly
popular in his diocese and if highly
honored for his purity and strict up
rightness in life. He is a modest and
highly cultivated man, still strong ancj
robust, and well qualified to fill the ex
acting duties of his high office.
Sarto was always held in high es
teem by the late Pope Leo and it is
probable that fie became imbued with
•ft© ideas of the great pontiff and was
as conversant with his plans as any
of the congregation of cardinals. As
it mourned the death of his illustrious
predecessor, the Christian world
greets Plus X, and joins in wishing
him success in directing the affairs of
the church and in accomplishing its ad
vancement.
LET RESULTS DETERMINE.
In an article on "Alaska as an In
vestment," the Chicago Inter Ocean,
after showing the fallacy of the pre
dictlons made by antl-expansionistB at
the time of the purchase by the re
ports of the prosperity of that coun
try makes the following significant
comment:
"Alaska has paid for itself many
times over. It is doing so now al
most every year. It has more than
Justified the expectations of Mr.
Seward. How sagacious today ap
pears his policy in comparison with
the puny wisdom of the anti-expansion
congressmen!"
At the time the bill was introduced
in congress by General B. F. Butler
to pay Russia a consideration of $7,
200,000 for Alaska, there were many
criticisms offered to the measure by
men of prominence. Congressman
Ferriss of New York deolared "Alas
ka with the Aleutian islands is an
inhospitable, wretched and God-for
eaken place, worth nothing, but a pos
itive injury and incumbrance as a
colony in the United States."
Hiram Price, a member of the
house of representatives from Iowa
said: "Alaska is a dead loss to us
anyway and the more expense we
incur the worse it is for the coun
try."
ThlB was in 1867. That year the
United States paid Russia $7,200,000
for Alaska, at the rate of 2 cent? per
acre. In 1902 the Alaskan salmon
catch reached that amount. Since
the discovery of gold in the Klondike
and the establishment of a govern
ment assay office at Seattle, a period
of live years, the total receipts of
gold and bullion from that re-
rdustaveraged
has $14,000,000 annual
Last year $18,870,076 worth of
gold was brought from the northern
possessions and in 1901 the ship
ments of the precious metal to the
United States reached the sum of
$14,675,675—making for the two
years $33,545,750, a sum more than
lour times as great as the purchase
price of the territory. In addition to
this the receipts from the fisheries,
froml968 to 1897 amounted to $68,
000,OT0, while the fur trade for the
twenty, years after 1870 reached "a
sum of $33,000,000 and the fur com
pany paid to the United States $7,460,
000.
Meantime the output of the gold
mines is steadily increasing. A na
val station has been established on
the Aleutian islands that promises
to become a thriving commercial cen
ter. In the light of these facts It
cannot be denied that the expansion
policy of the United States in 1837
has been entirely vindicated.. It
would seam altogether advisable for
those whp have been inveighing
against the expansion policy of the
United States since 1898 to cease
their criticisms and allow time and
resujts to determine the wisdom of
taking control of Porto Rico and the
Philippine group of islands.
No attempt was made by the council
to equalize the value of town lots, but
this class of property was assessed at
a 15 per cent Increased value over
1901. On farm lands the rate was in
creased 17.2 per cent than in 1901. An
advance of 10 per cent over last year
was made in the assessment of the
railroads properties.
LOOK IN THE GLASS AND 8EE.
In view of the universal Interest
shown in the anthracite coal strike
last year the information issued by
the Pennsylvania bureau of industrial
statistics concerning employment and
wages in that field are of importance.
The report of this department shows
that the total amount of wages paid
to the anthracite mine workers, ex
clusive of office help, management
and salaried men in the nine coun
ties, was $53,577,638. It is also shown
that in the twenty-six counties com
prising the bituminous region the to
tal amount of wages was $56,190,179.
The report, which relates all kinds
of industries in the common
wealth. compares the condition of
business in 1896 with the present
time. Then there were 771 establish
ments employing 129,240 people, while
In 1902 there were 293,'J27 persons
employed showing a gain of 57.8 per
cent. In wages the same general ten
dency to increase has been manifest
ed. From $48,430,808 paid in 1896
the wages have been advanced until
in 1902 $98,432,570 were paid to work
ing people, a gain of 99.1 per cent.
There was a gain of twenty-three
working days in 1902, so that having
worked more days the laboring man
would receive more wages without an
increase^ wage. The earnings given
for 1896 amount to $382,247, while In
1902 they were $482.68,-an advance of
26.2 per cent.
This is but a very small sample
of the article
OL
^tr,:v!K_r-'^r'? ^''i r*ir-.
THE TAX ASSESSMENT.
Notwithstanding the reduction of
half a mill in the tax assessment fix
ed'by the state executive council it is
probable that the amount of taxes
gathered by the 3 mill rate will amount
to as much as was realized in 1901.
This condition is due to the Increase
of valuation this year which reaches
approximately $65,000,000.
Throughout their work the members
of the executive council took as the
basis for their estimates the reports
of the county assessors. Real prop
erty was valued at $1,864,364,561. No
change was made in the value of per
sona] property, it being giyen a value
of $448,865,647, according to the re
port of the assessors. Property ex
empt from taxation amounts to $578,
641,624. The actual value of the rail
way properties within the state was
fixed at $226,149,188, and the taxable
value at $56,537,297. In considering
the telegraph, telephone, express,
sleeping car equipment 'and inter-urban
railway properties were valued at $611,
226,122 and the assessed value fixed
at $2,806,530. It is estimated that the
$637,985,369 worth of taxable property
will yield approximately $1,911,000 in
revenue.
piosperity given to
the laboring man through the adop
tion of republican policies. It is these
things that will cause the working
man to stop and think before sup
porting those- policies that mean a
return to the conditions prior to
1896.
WILL STAND BY LACEY.
A marked copy of the Grinnell Ga
zette came to us the other day in
which the retirement of Congressman
Lacy is advocated because, and for
sooth, it prefers another, because he
has thus far failed to get a federal
building for Grinnell. Major Lacey
don't carry more than a half dozen
federal buildings around in his vest
pocket but if kept in his present posi
tion Grinnell will get what it wants
about ten years sooner than it will if
a new member is elected in his place.
—Marion Register.
The Marion Register is right, Grin
nell will get what it wants a great deal
sooner by keeping Major Lacey in
congress and it is not to be doubted
that many of the citizens of Grinnell
realize this. Should some few dis
gruntled people of that city attempt to
carry out the proposal of the Gazette
the remainder of the sixth district will
see to it that its worthy and efficient
representative is returned to congress.
THE MACHINE VS. REFORMER.
The recent difficulty in Danville,
111., has brought to light something of
the political conditions that exist in
that city, which cannot but be of in
terest to every student of municipal
government and especially to those
who .have dreams of reform.
Sheriff H. R. Whitlock has for
years been one of the leading repub
licans of Vermillion county. In the
campaign last fall he was the candi
date of the machine and as such was
criticised by many discontented citi
zens of Danville. It was the desire of
disgruntled republicans to smash the
machine and with this in view they
entered the campaign. However, they
were unable to make any headway
against the candidate for sheriff and
Mr. Whitlock was safely landed in
office.' And what man is there in
Vermillion who, in the light of re
cent happenings is not glad that this
man was ejected, surely not one wor
thy of tlie name.
In -the contest for mayor, however,
the efforts of the discontented ones
were successful. They conceived the
idea of uniting with the democrats
of the county in support of John
Bear*, a demoorat, nominated on an
independent ticket. Beard was their
hope for carrying out the reforms in
the city adminlstratlpn which they
desired. He had served as democrat
ic mayor in other times and bad not
given satisfaction, but it was tbe-o»in-
•BKnff
ion of his supporters that being on
the reform ticket he would repudiate
his former actions by entering hear
tily into the work of reform planned
by the independents. He was elected
but' the wild hopes of some of the
voters who supported him have not
been realized. Furthermore in the
time when the city administration
•needed a strong directing hand in Its
executive office this "champion" of the
reformer^ failed entirely and per
mitted' a crime that will ever remain
a blot on the name of the city of
Danville.
According to the theory of the in
dependents who elected Beard, he
ought to have been the foremost cham
pion in the fight for law, order and
the preservation of life. According to
the same class of reasoning, when
the angry mob was storming about
the county jail demanding the life
of a man held prisoner under the
law, Whitlock ought to have counted
how many votes he would lose by
adopting the course of action that
would enable him to fulfill the duties
of his office. Partisans were not seen
by the sheriff. Rioters one and all
he saw about the jail and rising to
the necessity of the occasion he put
them down without any hesitation.
The mayor, on the other hand, be
held prominent and respectable citi
zens in the throng and "went Into
another room and sat down," allow
ing the rabble to do their worst.
UNIQUE CHARACTER IN PIONEER
HISTORY.
Mrs. Jane Burke, better known in
the western country as "Calamity
Jane," who passed away Sunday in
Deadwood, South Dakota, occupied a
unique position in the history of the
early days of the west. Starting fpr
the west when a young girl
she soon became enamored
with the exciting life of the prairies
and later during the days of the In
dian campaigns took an active part as
an aid to General Custer and General
Miles. As a government mail carrier
she also had many thrilling adventures
and her exploits and experiences have
been recalled by the announcement of
her death.
She was born In Princeton, Mo., in
1852, her maiden name being Cannary.
With her father when she was 13 years
old she started for the Montana gold
fields, and at the end of five months
overland trip the little girl had become
a good shot and a good rider. When
her parents died she was adopted by
some plainsmen and grew up in Wy
oming
It was in 1870 that her first work for
the government was done. General
Custer was at Fort Russell, Wyo., on
his way to fight the Apaches in Ari
zona. She went to the fort, donned a
cowboy's clothes and offered her ser
vices as a scout. General Custer ac
cepted her believing her to be a man
and she was uniformed and enlisted as
a soldier.
The deception was soon found out
but not before Jane had convinced
Custer of the value of her knowledge
of the plains. She went through many
hard fights and shared all the hard
ships of the soldiers. In the cam
paign made by Custer and Miles In
1872 she got the name of "Calamity
Jane,'1' from an officer who had been
wounded on an Indian ambuscade and
whom she bore back to camp on her
horse In frcnt of her.
In 187G when Custer .started on his
march to the Big Horn, she was em
ployed to carry dispatches. On one oc
casion she swam the Platte river with
dispatches but afterward took pneu
monia and wan furlouglied. She was
still on furlough when Custer set out
for the scene of his last battle.
For several years she was govern
ment majl carrier between Deadwood
and Custer, Mont., one of the worst
routes In the west. She was so expert
a shot that few men ever dared mo
lest her. She was a member of the
posse which captured Jack McCall, a
famous desperado In Deadwood, the
woman, so the story goes, cornering
McCall in a butcher store.
In 1878 after a short service with the
Seventh cavalry she brought a ranch
and retired. She afterward married
and had one daughter.
HENRY CLEWS ON WALL STREET
SITUATION.
Henry Clews of New York, who is
noted for his conservative views in con
nection with the developments of Wall
street, does not see any cause for
alarm in the slight flurry that has re
cently occurred in the New York stock
market. In reviewing the situation for
the past week he says:
The crisis in Wall,street appears to
have reached its climax, and from now
on improvement may reasonably be
expected, accompanied, of course, by
the usual set-backs incidental, to con
valescence. Experts seem to agree in
diagnosing the ailment' which has at
tacked the stock market with such se
verity as financial gastritis—the inevi
table result of trying to swallow an
immense quantity of indigestible secur
ities. Singularly, the attack has been
most severe upon those who took part
in the sumptuous meal but fortunate
ly, owing to vigorous constitutions and
heroic applications of the hydropathic
or liquidation treatment, the disease
did not become sufficiently acute to
develop symptoms of hysteria or panic.
The unhappy patients have suffered se
verely by their underwriting commit
ments nevertheless a valuable lesson
has been learned, and the experience
should have its value to observers and
all interested.
Mr. Clews sees in the easier rates
for time money of the last few days
a most satisfactory condition. This he
holds demonstrates reviving confidence
on the part of the bankers who are
obliged to anticipate the future. Nei
ther does he see any cause for alarm
in the high figures at which loans con
tinue. Three factors are given by Mr.
Clews as accounting for the high lev
el of loans, that are sometimes over
looked
The large increase of banking oapitai
in New York, the large amount of rail
road paper outstanding and the in
creased extent to which the big indus
trial establishments under the trust
system now borrow in New York in
stead of near the mills as formerly.
A good bank statement is anticipated
this week, partly on account of pay
ment of the Pennsylvania loans and
partly because treasury disbursements
have been exceeding receipts for some
time past. Stock market liquidation
must also have strengthened the banks
much more than has yet appeared in
the woekty statements,. Before .these
$..
-$
,v,
THE OTTUMWA COUKbSB.
factors gold is now on the way here
from Australia, and in the present con
dition of the European money markets
any emergency here would quickly
start gold imports tq this cepter. The
local money market, therefore, is in
much improved conditou. Very soon
crop demands will assert themselves
but the banks are well prepared for
these, and the present outlook Is that
no special Inconvenience will be caus
ed thereby. It Is quite certain that le
gitimate trade will not suffer for want
of proper financial accommodation this
summer or fall, and speculative de
mands are not likely to be excessive
for some time to come.
Now that liquidation has about run
Its course, Interest centers in the fu
ture influences such as crops, general
business, railroad earnings, currency
legislation and political campaigns.
Present conditions indicate that the
crop outcome will be about normal
with continued good prices for the pro
duce. Livestock raisers are anticipat
ing a good season. General business
has not. a§ yet been disturbed by the
Wall street flurry. Railroad earnings
continue large. In some circles there
seems to be a belief that some reme
dial legislation will be enacted at the
next session of congress. It is not
probable that the stock market will be
disturbed by political agitation for
some time to come. •,
And now the finger of fate is point
ing to Arthur P. Gorman of Maryland
as the democratic nominee for presi
dent next year. Whether Mr. Gorman
will give up his place as democratic
leader in the senate for the empty
honor of the democratic presidential
nomination remains to be seen.
Iowa fanners believe in the republi
can protection policy that assures them
a market for their produce at good
prices. They do not care for rjiduced
cost in what they buy so long'as the
other Is maintained. They expect to
vote the republican ticket next year.
Sheriff Whitlock was opposed by
many of his fellow partisans because
he was said to be a machine candi
date, Machine or no machine, he was
ready to act when the emergency
arose and he has upheld the dignity
and honor of the laws of the state.
Col. Bryan had better postpone that
European visit and make a hurried trip
to Mexico. The third sub-committee on
the monetary conference has adopted
a resolution favoring a change in the
Mexican system of currency from a
silver to a gold basis.
People in the neighboring towns and
the vicinity of Ottumwa should remem
ber that Ottumwa is to have a big La
bor day celebration this year and
should make arrangements to take in
the event.
It would seem that those parties
who have been trying to oust me
Meek dam at Bonaparte have not been
cognizant of the feet that they owned
the bottom of the.river for a distance
of 200 feet up-stream.
The Burlington Hawk-Eye would like
to be known as the originator of the
term "standpatter" in Iowa journal
ism—If you please.
In the preparations for the naval
maneuvers Off the coast of Maine one
thing has been forgotten—Crown
inshield and his teapot.
The period of greatest triumph for
America's foreign trade is coincident
with that during which the Dingley law
has been in force.
It begins to look as If Mr. Morgan's
next move would necessarily be an at
tempt to float a new reputation as a
financier.
A report from Farmer Bryan as to
the conditions of his crops would
doubtless be read with universal In
terest. r'
It appears that Col. Watterson has
turned the bombardment of Grover
Cleveland over to Col. Bryan.
Why not call In Arbiter Allison to
settle that northern Iowa district
judgeship affair?
The summer vacation fever does not
seem to have struck Secretary Cor
telyou.
The appearance of "Pope Pius does
not belif his name.
1
Again it is the story of a life of lowly
origin.
A WARM BUNCH.
'Council Bluffs Nonpareil: If there
Isn't a serious outbreak of hostilities
at the reunion of tue Southern Iowa
Veterans, and Old Settlers' association
at Lovilia this month it will be strange.
The following is a partial list of the
speakers who have been secured for
the occasion: "Jere" Sullivan, Judge
Smith Mc.Pherson, C. A. Wlndell, edi
tor of the Gatling Gun Col. Lafayette
Young, O. F. Rinehart, the original
Hearst man Major J. F. Lacey, Col.
Lu T. Genung, Father Hays of Imo
gene Sid Foster of Des Moines, and
various others. There's a tremendous
lot of potential trouble in that lot and
Lovilia needs to put a safety valve on.
THE IOWA IDEA.
Boston Herald: Governor Cum
mins of Iowa, has written to his
friends in New England expressing
surprise, and possibly a little indigna
tion, that any statement should be
made that he had qualified his views
respecting reciprocity and tariff re
vision. He asserts that the platform
which was adopted on the first day
of July by the Iowa republicans was
one which he drew up himself, and
that if anyone discovers modifi
cations in it from previous utterances
such changes are only intended to
make it not too difficult for the re
publican minority in Iowa to give its
support to progressive action in tar
iff matters. In the speech thjrt he
made at the convention, Governor
Cummins frankly admitted that there
were differences of opinion among the
republicans of Iowa and elsewhere re
specting the tariff and reciprocity
but he went on to add that bis views
on these subjects bad 'not been.has-.
tlly reached or hastily expressed, and
that the opinions that he bad held
in the past were those which he then
held, and should hold In the future,
simply because he believed them to
be true thsft is, he believed that the
great transformation of the last six
years had made a change in some of
the tariff schedules plainly necessary
that some of the tariff rates -were too
high and should be reduced, and that
the tariff schedules should be so fram
ed as to offer no inducement to do
mestic monopoly or foreign control of
American industries. Furthermore,
he was of the opinion that reciprocity
in trade between nations was for mu
tual advantage, and that in order to
gain this, both sides must give as well
as take. These points were certainly
emphasized in Governor Cummins'
convention speech, and he should re
ceive the credit for them. Perhaps
what he was constrained to do by
the influence of party opinion was not
to insist upon immediate tariff revis
ion, but to let the question of a change
in the tariff go over until after the
presidential election.
LET US HAVE LIVE EHIBITS.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat. —It has
been frequently and prominently set
forth as the acknowledged policy of
the St. Louis world's fair that its ex
hiblts are used to illustrate the world
of today at work. It is to be hoped
that this policy will be carried out in
the exhibits from all countries and all
states. The Missouri world's fair com
mission' will be in session today and
should do its part in contributing
toward these live operating exhibits.
It may not prove possible to carry out
this idea in all industries but it
should be adopted wherever possible.
The papers have had much to say
of late about the operating exhibits In
mining and metallurgy at the world's
fair, and this is one industry in which
Missouri can certainly take the lead.
The mining engineers of St. Louis tell
us that the operations of the lead in
dustry can be shown by a series of ex
hibits ilustrating the processes from
the mine to the finished products in
the form of lead sheets, pipe, shot, etc.
Much also can be done to show the
zinc mining and metallurgy. We un
derstand that a coal seam from 1 to
2 feet thick has been opened up on the
exposition grounds and that in connec
tion with this, the processes of min
ing, transporting, washing and coking
of coal can be shown. At another point
on the exposition grounds a splendid
bed of flre clay has been exposed and
in connection with this the great clay
Industry of the state of Missouri may
be illustrated by means of operating
exhibits.- Everybody in the exposition
grounds will go to see live exhibits
I of this kind, whereas the ordinary- dead
exhibits of Missouri's ores and miner
als will interest a much smaller num
ber of people.
A PICTURE OF IOWA.
Boston Herald: Here is a picture
painted by one of Iowa's prominent
agriculturists: "I believe that the ag
gregate value of the farm products of
Iowa this year will be greater than
ever before. The hay crop is immense,
and the timothy fairly hides the horses
as they drag the mowers through the
fields. The pastures have been rich
and abundant, and the live stock is
rolling In fat." This Is but another
way of describing it as "a land flowing
with milk and honey."
LET HIM ALONE.
Memphis Commercial Appeal: As
the Washington Post wisely observes,
the best way to treat the negro is to
let him alone. The race that has to
be coddled, nursed and pampered will
never amount to a hill of beans. Who
ever heard of the Normans, the Anglo
Saxons, the Germans, the Italians, the
French or the Spaniards requiring the
special protection and chaperonage of
another people? Sometimes these'peo
ples have been the under dog, but they
have always managed to light their
way to the top. The Saxons were con
quered by the Normans, but during the
centuries t.hey went about their ways,
and today their character and influ
ence are inextricably interwoven with
English life and institutions. Ireland
has been an unwilling partner in the
British empire, yet in our own day we
have seen an Irishman chief justice of
Great Britain and another Irishman in
command of her armies. The race that
cannot help itself to higher levels Is
not worth outside assistance. The ne
gro must be his own salvation or per
ish from the face of the earth. Japan
has eloquently illustrated the truth of
this remark, and so has mighty Rus
sia, which once lived in the shadow of
Poland.
STUDY BOTH KINDS.
Chicago Tribune: When people talk
trade unions they too often think of the
noisy, pestilent unions and not of the
quiet, useful ones.
There Is a strike, at the plant of the
Kellogg Switchboard and Supply com
pany. The strike was unreasonable
in Its inception. It has been violent in
its methods. It is now preposterous in
its prolongation. And we know all
about it. It has stared at us from the
front page every morning.
Last month there was a strike at the
plants of the manufacturing woodwork
ers of Chicago. How many Chlcagoans
knew any of the details of that strike
at the time? How many of them retain
the tiniest trace of recollection of
those details now? Yet the woodwork,
ers' strike was an important strike.
It involved four times as many work
men as the Kellogg strike. And it re
sulted in a wage advance. Listen to
the even tenor of its way.
It began on July 1. It stopped the
wheels of twenty-one factories. It tied
the hands of 2,500 workmen. The work
men simply went home. They were in
structed by their business agent to do
no deed of violence. Peaceful picket*
ing was proved to be a possibility.
Ingress and egress were free to all at
the woodworking plants. There were
no threats. There were no assaults. It
was simply a case of which side could
bold its breath the longer,
On July 9 the firms offered the strik
ers 66 2-3 per cent of their demands.
This offer was refused. The strike
continued. Also the absence of violence
continued.
On July 13 the firms capitulated.
The strikers' demands were granted
ji|^
:^nHRpi
the lie that a strike cannot be won
without violence.
In justice to the trade unions let us
study the woodworkers strike as well
as the Kellogg strike. If the trade un
ions were wise they would send their
lawbreakers to Umbo and bring their
practical, conservative, Judicious lead
ers to the front of every struggle.
The woodworkers' strike was a les
son to every observer and an example
to the trade unionist.
ALABAMA .AND THE
CANS.
REPUBLI-
St. Louis Globe-Democrat. "The
intimation," remarks the Montgomery
Advertiser, "that Senator Beveridge or
any other spellbinder could carry Ala
bama for President Roosevelt is so ab
surd as to be almost funny." Our dem
ocratic contemporary is correct This
intimation that anybody or anything
could carry Alabama for Roosevelt or
any other republican In this age Is ri
diculous enough to be hilariously fun
ny.
But which side is hit harder by this
condition of things, Alabama or the re
publican party? The democratic ma
jority for governor in Alabama In 1902
was nearly twice as great as the total
vote for the republican candidate. The
majority for Bryan in that state in
1900 was three times as large as the
entire vote which the state gave to
McKinley. Yet, republicans elect most
of the governors of the forty-five
states. They gave McKinley an im
mense majority in the country at large
In 1900. They will give fully as large
a majority to Roosevelt in 1904 and
possibly a larger one.
Alabama's elections count for very
little even in Alabama. She has no
weight in the electoral college, in the
senate or in the house of represent
atives. No human being anywhere
in the United States Inquires or cares
what side Alabama is going to take or
has taken on anything. There is no
republican party of any consequence
in Alabama. None has existed there
at any time in the past score of years.
Possibly none may "be there in the next
score. There is no need for any re
publican party there. The republican
party of the country keeps 6n legis
lating in favor of Alabama as well as
the other forty-four states and terri
tories. The republican party develops
Alabama's iron and coal resources,
and makes the wheels whirr in its mills
and factories in spite of the lunacy and
perversity of its congressmen, news
papers and people. Our Montgomery
friend, the Advertiser is right. The
thought of carrying Alabama for the
republicans would be uproariously
funny. But what republican In the
United States cares what Alabama
does or falls to do in 1904, or thinks
about Alabama?
PROBLEM OF THE INEBRIATES.
Dubuque Times. The next gener
al assembly will have to decide be
tween proper hospitals for the inebri
ates or none at all. It Is agreed that
the Insane hopsltal Is no place for
them. They are not voluntary patients
and if the state takes them it must
treat them as prisoners. It has been
proposed that they fit them out with
balls and chains and put to work on
the roads. There are three objections
to this plan. One is. that no man with
friends would be given into the state's
care if this were the discipline. A sec
ond Is, that few Inebriates are fit for
manual labor. A third is that the ob
ject of the law is not to punish the in
ebriate but to effect his cure. The
testimony of Dr. Applegate of Mount
Pleasant Is that a considerable propor
tion of the inebriates sent to the hos
pital can be cured with scientific treat
ment. Prospects favor the erection of
independent hospitals especially de
signed for the treatment of inebriates.
The state will have the funds on hand
and the pressure will all,-be on the
side of continuing its efforts to reclaim
the victims of dipsomania.
ONLY A DREAM.
Davenport Republican: An esteem
ed democratic exchange remarks that
"From the way things are shaping
themselves in the political arena it be
gins to look as If any good democrat
at the head of the democratic ticket
can win in the next democratic cam
paign." As a sample of faith built on
nothing .this beatte anything so far de
veloped since the campaign of three
years ago. He Is euttremely careful not
to name the "good democrat" who can
lead his party out c»f the wilderness but
he evidently thinks one of the kind ex
ists. Whether he Is looking toward
Lincoln, Neb., or PMinceton, N. J., does
not develop In his reckless prophecy.
As a matter of flact things are not
shaping themselves in favor of demo
cratic success. Tiqtes are too good
to give the democratic party the shad
ow of a chance to wifi\. It must not be
forgotten that the parfcy was tried only
a few years ago and was found want
ing, and the people an? not ready yet
to sprint for soup houstes. When they
get tired working they will vote In fa
vor of a democratic president, but just
at the present there is no disposition
in that direction. The political arena
Is packed with republicans who are
satisfied with preseht condltons. Our
esteemed democratic btother must
have dreamed what he wrote about
democratic success next yiear.
WHERE IS THE VWEST?
The Kansas City Journal evidently
influenced by Senator Plata's nomin
ation of Mr. Aldrich for vice -.president,
says:
"The east will have the republican
nomination for president neht year,
and the west will support lUm with
an enthusiasm almost unknown to the
east. But the wast at the saitne time
will insist on being allowed to name
the candidate for vice president."
An English traveler, speaking to a
hotel clerk in St. Louis on on# occa
sion, remarked: "I am just begEnning
to appreciate the size of your country.
I landed in New York a fortnight ago
well aware of the fact that if I took
a good look aroun it would require
time and money. But, bless your aoul,
here I am a thpusand miles from the
sea, and a newspaper reporter, after
interviewing me, asks if I am going
•west! Now, where, in heaven's name,
doeB your west begin?"
The Journal is right. The west is
expecting, and should be accorded, the
honor of naming the republican candi
date for vice president. But, appfyt-
intull. Another nalVwaa pounded lntoj^g the Englishman's question, whe*^ shovel
does the west .begin? Heretofore, in
the n&aking of some of the presidential
tioketB, Ohio and llndlana and Illinois
have figured as wastern states. The
nomination of Hajfes called for an
eastern man for second place, and he
was found in WhecSler of New York.
Then followed Gar&eld and Harrison
and McKinley, all considered western
men, and all had
J.eastern
running
mates. The democrats considered
that they had gone i»est when in 1868
and 1872 they drew upon Missouri for
Blair and Gratz Brown when in 1876,
in 1880 and in 1884 they drew upon
Indiana for HendricVs and English
when in .1888 and 1892 they drew up
on Ohio for Thurman and Illinois for
Stevenson. Does that old line still
hold good? Does th«f west, political
ly described, begin at the western
slope of the Allegheny mountains?
If that is the line, then the west
should prepare to cemvass for the
right man. Nearly evwy state on this
side of the line has a flavorite son anx
ious for the honor ilk question, and
some have two. There really is a good
deal of excellent material to choose
from. But who Is th\e chief among
the ten thousand and the one alto
gether lovely? The question of lo
cality is as good as settled. The
west's claims are easfKy paramount.
But what western mam would best
represent that section next year as
Mr. Roosevelt's running mate?
HARD TO PLEASB.
Chicago
Chronicle, denA.: The popu-
list leaders who have bean making- an
effort to reunite the various factions of
the party at a
conference
in Denver
have issued a preliminary statement
of principles in which fre» silver, the
initiative and referendum an(3 public
ownership are made very conspicuous.
In the preamble to their confession
of faith they declare that as "experi
ence has demonstrated the futility of
any attempt to secure the enactment of
these principles through the republican
or democratic parties" they will oppose
hereafter any affiliation witih either of
those parties in national political ac
tion.
This is ungratful to say tlie least of
it. The democrats have been carrying
the free silver banner for eljjht years
the republicans of Illinois halve indors
ed public ownership: Carter Harrison,
democrat, and Graeme Stewart, repub
lican, of Chicago, have swallowed the
initiative and referendum ancl the dem
ocrats of New York, led by: David B,
bill, have embraced national owner*
phip of coal mines.
What more do the populists demand
of the brethren?
1
IOWA PRESS COMMENT,
JS'J
Is Not a Carnival. 1-^ !f^B
Not After Walsh's Sfcalp.
"Every gold democrat who know#
Charley Walsh personally," says th«
Dubuque Times, "will join, hi denying
that Grover's friends intend to take
his scalp next year."
Idea of the Sensation.
"The most sensational thing th»
newspapers can print," says the Web
ster City Journal "is the plain, unvar
nished truth."
•—o—
No Cause for Slurs.
The Des Moines .Capital protests that"*1
Hon. E. H. Conger ought not to bO
slurred because his home is in Dea
Moines.
'Hay May*Be King., ,s|!f
The Clinton Age says that hay will
come mighty near being king in Iowa
this year.
:':7
Sees Folly in Others.
"Watterson Is of the opinion," says
the Cedar Rapids Gazette, "that Bryatt
shows folly In attacking Cleveland-^
In kicking the corpse of one killed 1»JJ
the mighty Watterson, as it were."
On the Slide.
.The Winteraet Reporter notices that
J. Plerpont Morgan is believed to be
sliding down the toboggan, and every)
editor in the country is giving him ai
kick as he passes.
A Welcome -Change.
"Nothing could be more gratifying*
to the people of the United States than
the change in conditions which enables
Wall street to pull off a panic without
affecting the remainder of the coun*
try," says the Onawa Sentinel.
A Deserved Compliment.
Keokuk Gate City: Senator DollU
ver, himself an adept in the art of ex*
presBion, said recently that Congress*
man Cousins "is the most consummate
master in the use of the English lan»
guage in public life today." Our Jun
ior senator is not alone in his high esti*
mate of Mr. Cousins' ability in that
line, .ij '"%?.'•
Extends Sympathy.
The Boone Republican announces
that it is in sympathy with the man,
democrat or republican, who says lt'4
time to slack up on the question oil
adding to the navy.
—Q—
Too Far for Microbes.
"Wall street microbes never travel
as far as the Iowa prairies," says- the
Clinton Age.
-o— JST
Better for Democrats.
The Rockwell Cty Advocate says thq »s
less Mr. Cousins' speech is circulat
ed by the democrats the better it will
be for democratic prospects,
_o_
Obituary Notice Tone."
The Council Bluffs Nonpareil sayl
the kind things the republican paper?
are saying about Charlie Walsh "bava
an obituary notice tone.'*
Iowa Man Somewhere.
'•About everything that attracts ttutfc
lie attention has an Iowa man. if
somewhere," observes the Davefcportl
Democrat
The more a man works at bossing
tbe Jess qualified he !b to handle
I. W rf

1
Usefulness Past. A »r|^
The'Ackley World asserts that what
ever virtue there ever was in the nor
mal institutes for school teachers haq
long since disappeared and that they)
are plain farces as now held.

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