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L.* \W Jfet 1^? it THURSDAY, November 23, 1909. TRADES fraSfl COUNCIL W A. jTri-Weekly Courier. THE COURIER PRINTING CO. Founded 8th August, 1848. A. W. UEJB '.Publisher JAB. P. POWELL. .'.Business Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Dally Courier, 1 yeav, tjy'mali... .13.00 Tri-Weekly Courier, 1 year 1-80 Office: 1X7-119 East Second street Telephone (editorial or business of flcfl) No. 44. Address the Courier Printing Co.. Ot tumwa. Iowa. Entered as second clas3 matter Oc tober 17, 1908, at the postofflce. Ottum *», Iowa, under the Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. MR. SHAW'S VIEW. it. But they could not make it any j- more logical nor any more eloquent. Jj Mr. Shaw has the faculty of saying things in a way that makes them eas ily understood. That is the case with regard to his addresses on the tariff, and he proved it in a recent speech at 1 There are men who can make a much more beautiful speech than can editor may be said to be moved by the Secretary Leslie Shaw. There are spirit of the old circuit rider rather men who could take one of his ad- that of a Napoleon of finance, dresses, smooth oft the rough corners Nearly all the country papers are and ragged edges of expression and- P°or in Purse. but rich in the standard make a really "pretty" speech out of °f manhood, and industriously devoted Youngstown. Ohio. Mr. Shaw is an out-and-out believer in the policy of protection an^ he. never is backward about saying so in public. His youngs town speech contained many good points as the following "excerpts will show: "The opposition always insists that Tfe must invite importations if we wish to increase our exportations.They lirge that it. we will place the tariff MI some articles sufficiently low to in sure an influx ol foreign goods the doors of trade will automatically op en to us aid we will have an abund ant outlet. I do not understand their logic, though I have heard it from the day of my. .childhood. "I have-examlned the record and I find nothing therein to justify the claim. Never in recent years has there been a period of low. .tariff that has hot resulted in less importations nor pi period of high tariff that has not re sulted in large importations. This seems paradoxial, and yet it is logical. When our people are prosperous, as they always are under protection, they buy everything in sight and send abroad for more. When they are suf fering from the, effects of a tariff for revenue only they are unable to con sume and, therefore," import little. Do not misunderstand me. I do not take the position that a low tariff on wool will result in less importations of wool or that a low tariff on.iron pro ducts will result in less importations thereof. simply state the historic fact that" periods of low tariff laws re sult In less importations in the aggre gate. ....... ... ","Y: "The'iogiojis easily stated and ought to -be easily understood. When ever the American people buy their woolen goods, their iron and steel manufactures and their articles of common everyday consumption abroad American producers of these articles are necessarily out of employment, and our consumptive capacity is re duced to the minimum. "The Dipgley tariff may be too high, it may need amending, but lowering it in spots or lowering it altogether will not increase our exports nor in a peri od tit years will it result in an aggre gate increase of importations. If rates were placed below the point of protection it would result in an influx of staples, sufficient to paralyze us, but thereafter the want of consump tive capacity o.f our people would pre vent importations. "Possibly the opposition, in ridicule [f of this argument, will recommend a low tariff as the best way to exclude foreign merchandise. I reply that it It not the wish of the republican party to exclude foreign merchandise. We want foreign goods, we want their fancy carpets, their silks, their laces, their kid gloves, their pic tures, their statuary. We want their sugar by the million tons, their coffee by the cargo, their teas 'by the ship load, their mahogany, their dye woods, their spices, their hemp and sisal,their fruits and everything which our people do not produce but most of all we want our people to be able to pay for these things, and. only when our peo ple are prosperous does the foreigner find the American market at its max imum." THE COUNTRY EDITOR. The jokes about the editor of the small town weekly paper—the country editor—are so numerous that the has woven it* world has grown to regard country edi-'Jove! I am not one to sit. quietly by tors as a living walking, personified. and see It attempted." joke. No one seems to take him seri- Mr. Cannon is a "standpatter" and ously. Everyone laughs at his serious he is not backward aboht saying so. writings and grins over the mind pic- His-theory is that it Is unwise to tam ture of his dally toil. When S. E. per with conditions that are highly Kiser appeased the wrath of an Iowa satisfactory. It is not that he has a country editor by saying that his own reverence for the existing tariff sched hlghest ambition was to become a ules, but that he has a desire to con country editor, people read his letter tinue existing good times. When con a a id an is it on a re a a In brief, the country editor, though he 1 to the things of good report. No octo pus lurks in the neighborhood of the rural printing office no promoter steps in to enlarge seductively on syn dicates, big consolidations and billions. "If the books for the year show a surplus the editor treats himself to the Christmas gift of a new press, in order that he may more acceptably serve the community. "If/which is quite probable, the bal ance sheet reads on one side, 'Re ceived so much,' and on the other side 'Spent It all.' the editor writes a play ful paragraph on the attenuated condi tion of his wood pile, and then com' poses an optimistic leader on the pros pects of the new year. "A newspaper is the reflex of the people themselves, or at least of a considerable-section who have sub stantially a common point of view. "As soon think to raise a crop by re moving the surface soil as to run a newspaper not rooted somewhere In the appreciation of the many. "Aij editor is a sort of a barometer and realizes the difference between bright skies and thickening weather, for popular opinion has many ways of making itself instantly felt. Yet certain principles are eternal, and as free from deviation as the north star. Truth, courage and perseverence are cardinal necessities, and the cheerful tempera ment one of the foundation stones. "Preaching the simple life is not es sential in dealing with country editors. Most of them are familiarly acquainted with It. A few conventions and excur sions, where they work while others sleep, are their annual recreation. "It is true that they learn to like the perpetual toil, recurring as the swing of a pendulum and the labor we delight in is a high reward." WHAT CANNON MEANS Sometime ago "Uncle Joe" Cannon whose language'is as full pf meaning as it is of colloquialisms, said that he hated to see any group of Americans "hanging up the country by the tail." The observation was made in the course of some remarks on the work of would-be tariff revisers in Massa chusetts and other states. A few days ago at Washington, a reporter who wanted to make Mr. Cannon, explain just what he meant to convey by the expression, "hanging up the country by the tail," broached the subject to the. speaker. And he got an answer, sharp and to the point.. "We have a mighty prosperous and contented country these days, young man," said Mr. Cannon. "If we were soing to revise the ttriu we would W0U,ld b® great due to an impure and poisoned condition of the blood, no remedy acts so promptly and thoroughly as does S. S. S., and thousands throughout the effect. It is no experiment"tQ use S. S. S it is a remedy with a worth ami -ilVn* been before, when the people have does not create as much of a sensation more money than they ever had before as he thinks, gets a good deal of notice, when everyone is employed who wants The St. Louis Globi-Democrat, com- to work, and when wages are high.it is menting on the happenings at a recent sents their intellectual qualities and. life more faithfully," says the St. Louis paper, continuing: "In any state association of the kind the country editors are largely in the majority. It is not a vocation that promises large pecuniary returns. In fact, one who elects to be a country a editorial meeting, says that aside from those conditions. A "pat" hand can political bearings the organization and be ruined by throwing out one card, meeting of editorial associations sug- and it is almost impossible to draw gest many thoughts of public interest.! another that will make the hand bet No business Is closer or more respon- ter than before the discard This is on sive. to the people themselves or repre-1 bad time to start tinkering with the authority have to build from the base up. Store keepers would let their stocks run down that woujd affect the factories. The mills would quit running on such full time that would affect the wage- „,o, earners In a verv short time there The Cedar Rapids Republican goes a earners, in a very snort time there un,r„eatK world. Men would become cautious about embarking on new enterprises.' The tremendous spurt we are having in the erection of new buildings in the planning of new enterprises in the building of new railroads and in the rebuilding of old ones—all this would be checked and perhaps stopped. "Importations would drop off the speaker continued, ^.''stocks would become low on the shelves of jobbers the revenues of the government would fall off, aqd the first thing we knew, the country would be in a condition of depression similar to what we know nine or ten years ago. That is what OUR RECORD With medicines as with other things, the surest test of IflSARi worth is the length of, time they have the confidence of 1 of GUISES! the people. The efficacy of S. S. S. has been thoroughly proven^bjr experience, and so successful has it been that today it is the best known and most widely used blood remedy in the world. For diseases such as Rheumatism, Catarrh Scrofula. 'vorce Saturday and the author of "The Skin Diseases, Sores and Ulcers, Contagious Blood Poison, and othertroubles -ountry, cured of such diseases, are daily recommending it to others simi- ,nt. _n,~ laflv CWDTV VF/IOft /t* CVffAVfUMf* mmm mmmm J?ll6 S6£L l6V6l CftD^l Will COSt $230)" mRrr mRS or/SSII cFi Pf 5?'fTEN?C 000,000, the engineers say, and the OF CORES. S. S. S. xs a blood purifier of the highest time required to build it is placed at order, containing, properties necessary to cure bjood troubles of every character, fifteen years. Let's get to work right and which make ltthe greatest of all tonics. It goes into the blood and drives Dutany and all. impurities, and makes this stream of life strong and healthy, ind when uiis is donediseasecannotremain. Being made entirely from roots, herbsi and barks, chosen fo? their healing, purifying and building-up proper ties, it does not injure: any of the delicate organs or tissues of the body as do Chose medicines which contain Potash, Mercury, Arsenic or other harmful min srals, but cures safely as well as permanently. S. S. S. reaches deep-seated and inherited cases on which the ordinary SarsaparillaS and tonics have no J. nas proven 11s worth, ana ability by its forty years of cures. If you need a without it' blood remedy begin the use of S. S. S. write us about your case and let our physicians advise you and send book on the blood no charge for either. .* 55ZMWFTSPECmC CO., ATLANTA, GAm^ of old students of a great American game from which the oppon ents of tariff revision have taken their name, and the application Is truly a fitting one. RAILROAD RATES. Judge Bethea in the federal court at Chicago yesterday rendered de cision on a point that is important to Iowans and one that has been dis cussed until it i3 almost threadbare. Several railroads which run through Iowa were made the defendants in two suits begun by the interstate com merce commission. In the first case the commission had already held th.^t the rate on live stock was a preference in favor of some cities as live stock markets, and ordered the defendant railroads to lower the rate. In the second case a suit was be gun praying for an Injunction restrain ing the railroads from refusing to lower the rate. Several weeks were consumed in production of expert tes timony before Judge Bethea ahd he deliberated over his decision for two weeks. Judge Bethea decided that the ruling by the interstate commerce commis sion has no strength in law and he de cided also that the railroads r.re right in charging more for the transporta tion of live, sttfel: than that of dressed meat. It stands to reason that the cost to the railroads of carrying live stock, which must be fed, watered and attended to enroute, must be greater than is the cost of hauling a car, al ready leaded at a packing house, sealed and needing no attentioh. The railroads keep stock yards In repair for shippers at every little country station and must figure their rates to get some return from this investment, The interstate commerce commis sion. listening to the appeals of Iowa stock shippers, decidei that the rail roads should charge no more for live stock transportation than for carrying ing dressed meat. If the decision had been upheld in the courts the cost of shipping' stock to Chicago would have been lowered and the stock raisers would have had no reason for shipping to the smaller Iowa packing houses instead of to the trust controlled houses in Chicago. The result, as far as the Iowa packers are concerned, would obviously have been to put an end to their business or at least to lessen it to a marked degree. Appar ently, to judge from the position taken by many of the shippers, backed by some few politicians, they desired to build up the beef trust, tear down the Iowa packers' business and hurt their own interests at the same time. The decision is an important one. lc means continued prosperity for the Iowa packers and it makes it possi ble for other packing houses to be established in Iowa centers. Mis guided zeal came near doing consider able damage and Iowa packers have reason to feel glad that the interstate commerce commission was unable to make its decision in this case law. While this does not prove that the power to enforce its findings but it does prove that the commission should make only such decisions as are best for the general good. lo in the busV?ess to hunt trouble. It expresses the hope that people will soon adopt cremation I mean when I speak of 'hanging the In a speech at Kansas City last night country up by the tail.' We used to he said: "The Philippine islands are swing dogs by the tail when we were ours and must be ours1for more than boys. It must have been a very un-1 a generation. It is quite probable comfortable sensation for the dog. It those called upon to act as legislators would be just as uncomfortable a sen- will not live to see the day when sep sation for this great, country, and, by aration consistent with the welfare of the Philllppines can be made." That ought to settle the squabble about the islands for a while. in preference to burying the dead }n the wnIch lt declares, ls as unclvllized as "burying up in trees as the Indlana did/. while it ls to be admltted to "bury up" in the top of a tree may not be very pleasant, it doesn't seem like it is worth while to worry. What's the use of dying at all? Then there's no need for worry about what will become of the re mains. Anyway, what's the good of thinking about it and brooding over it? There Is no one in public life better fitted to know conditions in the Philip pines than is Secretary of War Taft. Lieutenant General Chaffee says there are not enough officers in the army. Judging from the evidence in the Taggart case there are a few who might well be retired to private life, along with Lieutenant Fortescute with out injuring the service one whit. Jack London's wife secured a di- Cal1 of the wlld" was Sunday Senator record- TUB OTTUMWA COURIER majried again ni&ht- Ano,ther You cant lose away. wlfe? 0h Morgls^! it Fauguan canaL remeay witn a record, it his own hook if he can't be satisfied yes- Jack' Susan B. Anthony will soon make her customary plea in-Washington for woman's suffrage. Here's wishing her her customary success. Repairing ^Ca* ™hy not build one on Newton may yet become famous as the scene of the wedding of Jack Lon don and the second Mrs. Jack. The & 1 Furniture an Art. Our expert workmen do fine work. We would like to build you a fine Davenport or Lounge or a Divan for a Christmas gift. Come see me. Henry W. Suechting, Opposite Postofflce. author finds that he must be married outside of Illinois because of the trou blesome law there. Iowa hasn't any such law and as Jack bad arranged to be niarried at Newton on Nov. 25 he should treat the town square. There's one thing you miss now that the biennial election amendment is in force—getting over the election. IOWA PRESS COMMENT. "The Iowa delegation in congress, with Senator Allison at the head, will be a unit In support of the purposes of the President," says th* Sioux City Journal. "The state will be a con spicuous example in this regard, and it will be a delight to the President." "In the forty-one years of his ser vice in the house and senate, Mr. Al lison has always enjoyed the trust and esteem of. his constituents," says the Dubuque Telegraph. "He will in variably strengthen and never impair that -trust and confidence by advocat ing reforms so necessary and so right eous "as that embraced in the propo sition to confer the ratemaking pow er on the interstate commerce com mission." 'Lawson may not appeal to us all as the most consistent of patriots, but he has certainly made Important contri butions to the sum of helpful pub licity," says the Spirit Lake Beacon Months before the public suspected the great Insurance companies he ac curately diagrammed their true in wardness, and other disclosures exem plified in public and private experi ence placp the stamp of veracity upon Lawson's public speech." The Dubuque Times complains that the Elklns law was two years old last May, but the Interstate commerce commission never Invqked It until sharply told that it should in proper cases exercise the power already con ferred upon it by law before seeking more power and more legislation. —O—" Missouri has her back up and has ordered the New York Life out of her borders until the money given to re publican campaign managers In 1896 Is restored. "This Is taking the bull by the horns, but It remains to be seen whether the hold Is good," says the Rockford Register. P"-* Massachusetts Interprets tariff re vision to mean free hides. "Iowa farm ers can hardly be expected to become very enthusiastic ov:r that proposi tion," comments the Keokuk. Gate City. V- The Sioux City Journal proposes that Iowa extend the glad hand to Col Lafe Young "in the Interval of fight-. Ing.',' "Perhaps it would be "well ta hurry, too, ere that interval Is up," suggests the Council Bluffs Nonpareil The Creston Advertiser-Gazette says, that those who say that Col. Hepburn is not in accord with President Roose velt.Impeach President Roosevelt's In telllgence or tots sincerity., The Burlington Hawk-Eye would abolish the circle on the Australian ballot. "It has been the cause, no honestly intend-ed. than any other thing.". The Britt Tribune observes that no one seems more anxious to put the party harness on than Governor Cum mins, but for some, unexplained reason he, always gets the breeching on In front. have a^ boss, a man whose power is practically absolute," says the Re corder. "If he stops to listen tp all the advice that is offered him, or to all the suggestions that come to him, he falls. The pilot at the wheel must use his own judgment if he would keep off the rocks and shoals." —o— The Carroll Herald says there, ts no' mistaking the fact that Congressman" Conner Is stronger In the'tenth dis trict than he ever was before, and It needs no prophet to foretell his nom ination by acclamation nex,t year. BETTING ON HIGH SCHOOL FOOT BALL. 0*v. doubt," it asserts, "of more lost votes, themselves on record as emphatically The Newton Herald says that Mr. Hearst, next to William Jennings Bryan, has been the most lied about of any man In this country. "We have no liking, whatever, for that man Hearst," says the Decor" Republican. "As. between him and McClellan. the man, the choice is far away for the latter but af between Tammanv and Hearst the table Is turned.. That tiger cannot change his spots." —"O— The, Keokuk Gate City "slams" Des Moines In the following way: "There is a prospect that Sunday perform ances will be discontinued In Des Moines theaters. Reform movement? Well, hardly that. They don't pay." —o-— "Beats all how fate pursues the Rus sian soldiers," remarks the Cedar Rap Ids Gazette, noting that Rojeptvensky and the other ex-prisoners of war are being sent home. The Marlon Register isn't optimistic over the result of the election In Ohio and, says: The president of a big life Insurance company of Cincinnati, hae just been elected governor of Ohio, albeit he was the candidate of the minority part- in the state. His bat tle cry was "reform" and he won. Two- years hence he may be Invited to tell what particular reform follow ed his election when possibly the only answer he will be able to give will be 'damflno.'" "When the railroad managers offer to compromise with the President lt Is a certain acknowledgement of defeat," the Sioux City Journal insists. i —0— i- -"Vi, A Des Moines newspaper says Sec retary Shaw will return to Iowa and be a candidate against Cummins for governor, and the Clinton Herald con cludes that ,news seems to be scarce in the capital city. The Fort Dodge Messenger suggests that there ls need for a broader, and more liberal spirit in the discussion of public affairs. "The observation ap plies as well on one side of the rail way debate as the other," says *he Messenge.*. "There, ls too ready a disposition on one side to write op ponents down as demagogues after preferment and on the other as mer cenaries after reward." "It becomes necessary to fight the devil with fire sometimes, and that is why Lawson Is applauded," says the Cedar Falls Record. -5 .". 1 1 The Hampton Recorder suggests that in the general condemnation of the boss the fact that there are good as well as bad bosses is lost sight of. "Any undertaking where executive •hllltv la reauislte to success must $ 5 $ t,r» -V ,1A ia&rg. -tsy f„-u 't, iS I 1 .. Marshalltown Times Republican: Answering the question. "What's the matter with football?" how would the following statement from the local columns of the Des Moines Capital do? "Fred Carr, of Des Moines sent a commission of $110 to Frank P. Clark son today, to bet on West High at even money, money off in case of tie. Th«s bet was promptly covered, and Ida Grove supporters are clamoring for more. This Is one of the things that are 'the matter with football." and other school and amateur athletics that should be kept'clean from the taint of gambling. The 1-st of the contest and the hope of victory are sufficient Incentive for the high school l.oy to do his best. He should be permitted to make his fight for the honor of his school and not forced to carry a gambler's money. When the support ers of a high school team degrade it by publicly puttln- it on the level of a pugilist or a selling plater, it would seem time for the school authorities to cull down the betters or call off the game. No high school boy will forget that he lost or won the money of his backers." Tin horn bets on the side lines are a different thing from large sums wagered by men'of prominence and leadership. The one Is an unfor tunate incident of the game th other degrades it and is an agent of demor alization to the boys who play It. When leading men of one town send large sums to be wagered on a high school team and these are "snapped up" by prominent citizens of another they place the team, at any rate so far as themselves are concerned, In the cate gory of the professional foot racer. It won't do. Quit it. The high school and college spirit Is too valuable to'be thus destroyed and degraded High school football is not a racing meet nor a fifteen-round go. It be longs with sport not' with "sporting." ^DISTRIBUTION OF SEEDS. 03kaloosa Herald.—The annual dis tribution of vegetable and (lower seeds by the department of agriculture will begin on Dec. 1, and before plant ing time lt Is expected the entire amount, aggregating 38,000,000 pack ages. will be In the hands of the peo ple in all sections of the country. Through local officials 654 divisions and lodges of the orders have placed opposed to any legislative action that might curtail the right of the rail roads to adjust their rates to commer cial conditions or to control their re spective incomes. The sentiment of these organizations is shown in the following statement Issued by Jere miah Harris, chairman of the legisla tive board of the Brotherhood of Lo comotive Engineers for the state of New York: "Members of the Brotherhood of Lo comotive Engineers, to a man, are op posed to any legislation that will cur tall the powers, of their employers in respect of their earning capacity, or diminish the freedom of their control over their property .therefore the brotherhood opposes the Esch-Town Bend bill and will oppose any and ev ery law to give the control of railway rates into the hands of the govern ment or anybody other than the rail road owners and managers. This ques tion of railway rate regulation was discussed at the annual convention of the brotherhood of locomotive engi neers at Los Angeles, Cal., last year, and the stand which we have taken now was decided upon. The conduct ors, firemen and trainmen have since taken the same, view of the question and the resolutions that have been adopted by divisions of the other three bodies are along precisely the lines which we decided for our own action. The sentiment embodied in our resolution represents the opinion of 75,000 men of the brotherhood of engineers alone, representing every railroad and every state and commun ity in the United States." O. R. C. Makes Statement, The Order of Railway Conductors, through James J. Dowling, general chairman of the order, of the Lehigh system, issued this statement: "The order of railway conductors as an organization opposes the passage of the Esch-Townsend bill by congress because the measure as lt stands threatens to destroy everything that the organization has fought for or ac complished. Organized railroad labor has established a uniform rate of wages throughout the country, a sys tem of arbitration which ls satisfactory to employers and employes alike and a general system of conditions which render strikes extremely Improbable, and the last means to be considered or resorted to in case of disagreements. The Esch-Townsend bill as we view it, is aimed directly at all of these insti tutions and should the bill be passed disaster could not be averted." The general committee of the Broth erhood of Locomotive Engineers of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western system, through its chairman, J. E. Clark, takes the following ground: "Having followed the arguments both for and against rate regulation pre sented by the many witnesses who s&k AFI I,I. I., IM.I.I,.•ii.iiJi.n.wi'Miii ,!•» nullum 35P AVfegetable Preparatlonfor As Ma ils of I i\Ii A N S r*°CHILD RKN Promotes Digestion.CheerfuI ness and Rest.Con tains neither Opium,Morphine nor Mineral HOT"NAB.cOTIC. Tltape aFOMBrSSMUELPOCHm flap/tut Seat'' jilx.Smn« fittHdl* S*Ot— Aaur.Sttfl JW- Aperfect Remedy for Constipa tion Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea Worms .Convulsions .Feverish^ ness and Loss OF SLEEJR Facsimile Signature op NEW "YORK. A I n-oiillis i»1 ll 1 I S I S I S fXAOt FREIGHT RATES New York, Nov. 20.—Statements is sued today by officials of the five or ganizations of railway workers show that' the protest against the Esch To.wnsend bill made by the delegation of. railway workers .at the White House this week, is backed up by the solid action of practically all the local bod ies in Maine, New Hampshire, Ver mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut,' New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Mary land. COB? OTWBABBDL. Congress for the last several years has.Appropriated $290,000 for this pur pose, but a'portion of the amount Is used for-foreign experiment work and other kindred matters. The bulk' of the 38,000,000 packages is subject to the order of senators and representa tives for distribution among their constituents, the secretary of agriculture reserving one-fifth of the entire amount to supply the statistical corps, correspondents, the weather bureau and ^or- other injure them. The secret of power of the railroads to develop themselves, to develop the countries through which they run and to grant to their employes the privileges and advantages now en joyed by them lies in,the ability of the roads to make and keep a contract—in other words, their prosperity is a direct result of the freedom which the roads have enjoyed. Deprive the roads of freedom ahd you deprive them of the ability to do anything except to give slavish obedience to the dictates of a government bureau which can neither understand nor sympathize with the needs of the country or the individual and cannot possess or exercise the in telligence necessary to meet and over come the emergencies and problems which are everyday matters in the life of the railroad man." "l 11' Protest by Firemen. The protest of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen is in the form pf a statement by C. P. Hubler of Scran ton, Pa., general chairman of the pro tective board of the Delaware, Lacka wanna and Western system. The statement says: "The propo sltion which is submitted through this bill to the railroad employes ls that in all arbitration in the future for the protection of their rights, the railroads will have the power to say neither yea nor nay, and the railroad men must rely upon the government bureau for everything which they now enjoy by right and in freedom. It ls also true that no single body of men that can be gathered together by the government to control the rates and control the railroads will be able to accomplish even a small portion of the task. At the present time the equitable adjust ments of all of the railroad rates in this country are beyond the power of the thousands of men who are engaged in the task. The proposition of ex pecting a small group of men to per form successfully what thousands can not do is too ridiculous to merit the serious consideration of any thoughtful man." Honest Fright Rates.' Chicago, Nov. 20.—Government con trol of railway freight rates and a high er order of business honesty—these are the two great problems confronting the American people, according to Gov ernor Frank Hanly of Indiana, who in a fiery speech Saturday night at the banquet of the Atlas club, an organiza tion of advertising men, answered to the toast, "The East and the West/' Placing the two questions before his hearers as paramount Issues, Gov ernor Hanly went on to declare that he belonged to the republican party "be cause of its sound and far-seeing pol icies." "But," he added, drawing 'up his bulky flgurb to its fullest height, "the moment the republican party ceases to stand for the principles which I be lieve to be the soundest, that moment lt loses any claim it may have upon me. Calls Control Weak. "Today there is no effective control of railway freight rates, save that vest ed in the hands of six or ten men who control seventy-five per cent of the railway mileage of the country ,and five sixths of the commerce of the country. These six or ten men, sitting together 8 CASTORIA For Infants and Children. Always Bought Bears tKe Signature of Thirty TNI ONWM IOMMNV. new NM orrr. purposes. The country has been di vided into. six sections wltli especial regard to climate and soils, and tha seeds will be sent only to those local ities In which their progagatlon and growth Is believed to be especially, adapted. In addition to these vege table and flower varieties, the part ment sends out quantities of cotton, forage and Held seeds to localities to which they are best suited and from which it ts thought good results may be obtained. VIEW8 OF RAILROAD EMPLOYES AND OF PROMINENT OFFICE HOLDERS ON IMPORTANT QUES TION. A 1 in il« O A aLAJ were heard by the United States senate in-council may within certain, and un-' cpmmittee on interstate commerce, wte c&fihed limitations, fix the tariff a of have decided, that if the p'rofbse'd law is passed it would.be des.trlictiVe to the rights and privileges now Je'njoyed by. the railroad men and», would ^seriously, railway transp6rtation at what they will. They, can determin'j,. when,. where and by whom business may be? transacted. "I am not an enemy of the treat corporations, nor of any of the trans portation companies as such, but -1 am opposed to the abuses which have grown, up, fostered by those corpora* tlons—abup.es incident to transporta tion, of freight. But I am not unmind ful of the fact that one of the important elements of American progress is that American people shall have saved to them individual opportunity. Individual opportunity has made this country what It is. It has spread our com merce over the seas and it has placed in the railway lines a great commercial record. Any system, any practice, the use of any power that takes away individ ual opportunity, injures the progress of this great people, and I undertake to say that the power to control freight rates, vested In the hands of. a few whose Interests are personal, destroys individual opportunity. ,jj\\ 8ees Two Alternatives. "One of two things is bound to hap« pen in the not far distant future—• either the. power of controlling rates of transportation of freight will be vested In the national government or the whole great transportation system.of' the country will pasB into the hands of the government. "Personally, I would view with alarm and concern the acquisition by the gov ernment of the great transportation lines. It would be dangerous. But Sgfl'j here, on one hand, we have organiza- f-Vi tlons of men Insisting upon govern- As, ment control. On the other hand wo have organizations controlled by the Emmerson, minister of .railways of fe Canada, said today regarding federal control of railroad rates: "We have ii# Canada federal juris diction over freight and passenger rates, and have,what President ftoose velt is seeking-to establish in the United States, federal control more comprehensive than that now exer cised by the interstate commerce com mission. This jurisdiction might well be extended without infringing on the private rights of your citizens "We have the same questions be tween the federal government and the provinces as you do between the na tional, government and the states." Hopkins for Rate Control. Washington, Nov. 20.—"The people are with you, Mr. President, for rail road rate legislation," said Senator Hopkins at the White House Satur day, "and I believe we shall have soma legislation in that direction before the next session of congress adjourns." The senator ls unalterably opposed to tariff revision. He denies that there ls any demand among the people for changes in the present rates. Senator Cullom met Senator Hopkins at the White House, but both say it was an accident. No appointments are to be made now. iJ I' 3 I *1 I 1 ii S-MI I if it six or ten who control the railways, in slsting that nothing be done. Between them stands Theodore Roosevelt, and Mi* the American people must and will sustain him. If you ai*e conservatives I appeal to your conservatism ,if you are radicals, I beseech you to look twice before you carry that BOrt of propaganda too far." Canada Has Rate Control. '"M Santa Barbara, Cal., Nov. 20.-r-H. It. •^lI„ ,A'