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Ottumwa tri-weekly courier. [volume] (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1903-1916, January 18, 1906, Image 5

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THURSDAY, January 18, 1906.

In 6 Lengthy Paper1 Speaker Gives Re
citals of Trials, Hardships and Ex
periences Encountered in Crossing
Country in the '60's.
Hargett. Mr. Waterman's
Id Complete as follows:
V- Mr. Waterman's Paper*
"President and Members of the
Brotherhood Of St. _____
"Sines promising iitf^^fliittee oil
program, some
From Wednesday's Daily
"Across the Continent by Sea and
By Land Forty Odd Years Ago" a
p&per filled With interesting happen
ings add picturing the trials and hard
ships met with traveling from New
York to San Francisco, was deliv
ered by H. L. Waterman before the
brotherhood Of St Paul meeting Mon- in the morning aad milk five
day night at the home of Rev. H. W. both night afAtofning.
^..rtxr soliXc "ol I
my early wanderings, I. have been'
constantly oppressed with the idea
that the burden of What I could say
Would largely be made tip of oecur^
ences whefein the personal equation
Was undiily prominent. But in View of
our long acquaintance I am satisfied
that you will patiently listen to my nar
rative even if I relate those youthful
experiences with the garrulousness
which Ss often tfhe accompaniment of
declining years.
"On May 5, 1858,1 went oh board the
steamer Moses Taylor in NeW York
harbor, having secured a steerage pas
sage to San Francisco, that country
Whose golden sands had been constant
ly present in my boyish dreams during
the previous nine years. From 1849,
when the discovery of gold in Cali
fornia waS first announced, many
Whom I knew had left our little New
fingland community to seek their for
tunes there. Letters from some of
these, reporting rich discoveries, and
and the return of others with
the real gold in dust and
nuggets, fired my imagination, re
sulting in a determination to go there
as soon as I was old enough. Before
caching New York City I had never
seen any place larger than a fair
sized New England village. I had been
duly warned before starting to look
out for sharpers generally, and particu
larly for those who would have bogus
tickets for sale. Why I was especially
Earned to look out for that class of
sharpers I am unable to say, as I had
my ticket purchased before leaving
"On my way to the dock I passed
numbers of persons who were offering
to sell tickets for a passage to Cali
fornia. When I approached the wharf
a smart fellow stepped tip and took my
valise, saying that he would show me
my berth, which he readily found,
charging me $1.50 for having made it
ready, as he stated. I had a dimly
formed impression that I was some
how being buncoed but did not fully
realize it until I had parted with my
"The voyage to San Francisco was
rather uneventful, bpt decidedly dis
agreeable. The luxury of Steerage
passages on ocean Steamers should be
limited to one in a lifetime for any
human being.
"The recollection of the suspended
tables, on which was placed the daily
meals,' violently shot back and forth
in the storm off Cape Hatteras, or
swayed by the steamer's struggle to
climb the succession of waves, raised
by the trade winds along the Pacific
coast, are still fresh in mind. The
food served was anything but attrac
tive to a boy reared on New Eng
land cooking. As I now recollect, I
had not to exceed twelve good meals
during the entire voyage of twenty
fOur days, six of them during the two
days spent on the Isthmus of Panama
and the other six partaken from a
familiar New England cupboard, in
my dreams. Since then I have passed
off Cape Hatteras three times but en
countered no storm to compare with
the one on my first voyage.
"A view of the eastern coast of Cu
ba, along which we steamed for an en
tire day, was a pleasing sight, but
when we landed on the Isthmus of As
pinwall it seemed like a veritable
If you don't take advantage of our Special Sale of Winter Suits and
Overcoats. During the past week many shrewd and economical
buyers have visited this store and found just what they wanted.
And the values have been just as advertised.
is still in force. Read carefully the following prices:
Any $12.00 Winter Suit or Overcoat, 25 percent discount, for $9.00.
Any $15.00 Winter Suit or Overcoat, 25 per cent discount, for $11.25.
Any $20.00 Winter Suit or Overcoat, 25 per cent discount, for $15.00.
Any $25.00 Winter Suit or Overcoat, 25 per cent discount, for $18.75.
Any $30.00 Winter Suit or Overcoat, 25 per cent discount, for $22.50.
After purchasing, if not entirely satisfactory, you can return goods,
and money will be refunded.
'?*••:•"5 «KS
paradise, with the profusion of troth leas Of grammar. In regard to the so
ical foliage, the sight of which was called rules in the standard arithmetic^
doubly inspiring, iii contrast to the
waste of waters oh which we had
looked for several days, and as com
pared with any verdure I had ever
seen before.
"The passage of the IsthmuS, from
Aspinwall to Paiiama by rail, a
distance of forty-seven miles, took labor and hired girls union labor with
ohly about three hours, but two days
were required to transfer the baggage
and freight from the Moses Taylor to
the Golden Age, the steamer which
was to carry us to our journey's end.
One of the lasting impressions made
upon my mind of things seen upon 9ne Person
ma the sea was calm and the voyage ..oare ,V?,e
delightful then we struck the trade "ig cow^
coast, during the Summer
months. We/W into Acapulcd for
coal, the onU
the time o\yf_
sengers ajpused themselves by throw
ing pewBtes to the natives, Old and
youngVwlio swarmed about the ship.
Thej^would successfully dive and
hrijjg up pennies if they struck the
"jyffier within ten or fifteen feet of
them.- ..'-Possibly they intended to use
the pennies to purchase" bathinsf'Stilts,
at any rate that appeared to he One
of the most noticeable things needed.
Arrive in San Francisco.
"We arrived at San Francisco On
May 29, twenty-four days from New
York. I remained there three days
and during that time ate most of the
things I was unable to get on ship
board. I remember visiting the mar
ket, which, even in that com
paratively ealrly day, were re
nowned the world over for the
great variety of meat, fish, eggs, vege
tables and fruits. Nearly ail of the
business portion of tHe city was built
on piling, over the shallow waters Of
the bay. The building were of red
woodj ceiled with cotton cloth. There
were then ho fine residences on the
surrounding eminences and no elegant
suburbs like Oaklafnd. The buildings
Were splendid objects for the fire fiend
but very bad risks for the fire Insur
ance companies. A disastrous fire oc
curred'on one of the days I was there
and it destroyed nearly a block before
I reached the locality. It was a grand
sight for a boy.
"After remaining in the city three
days I took the ferry boat for Benecia,
thirty miles up the bay, and stopped at
the home of a friend of one of the
three companions of my voyage, whom
I had known before leaving home. I
parted company With the other two in
San Francisco and have not seen any
of them since. After a stay of two
days, having partially recovered from
sickness, the result of over-indulgence,
I bade my last 'companion good bye
and started on foot for Suisun valley,
twenty-two miles distant, but several
thousands of miles from home, with
a capital of $1.85, all in cash. For
three years I Was destined to look
upon no face that I had ever before
"I will not weary you by a recital
of the events of those three years of
my sojourn in California, but I. cannot
forbear paying a brief tribute to one
to whom I am indebted for whatever
intellectual attainments I have suc
ceeded in acquiring. On reaching
Suisun valley I hired to a farmer by
the name of Russell, working in the
harvest fields /during the summer and
in plowing from the commencement of
the rainy season until some"time in
January. I think it was during the
month of December that there came
along one day a person by the name of
Owen H. O'Neill. He had spent two
or three years on the plains with Gen
eral Lander. He was a graduate of
Dublin university and had been com
pelled to leave Ireland for participat
ing in the rebellion of 1848. He was a
man of fine literary attainments, espe
cially in mathematics and sciences. He
soon opened a school nearby, boarding
where I worked. My acquaintance and
talks with him created an ambition to
acquire sufficient education to improve
my condition in life.
From the age of six, when my father
died and I left home, I had averaged
three months schooling per year, with
the addition of one, possibly two terms
of twelve weeks each, at an academy
in a neighboring town. Beyond reading
and writing my attainments consisted
in a little knowledge of arithmetic and
I attributed their existence to the dis
covery or invention Of some great
genius and unless they were learned
and implicitly followed I believed' no
progress could be made nor problems
'In these days of scarcity of farm
demands for shorter hours and in
creased pay the growing demand for
early closing in office and store and
the recreations of football, baseball
other pleasures of the average boy,
permits me to contrast the experience
the isthmus was that, outside of the circumstanced.
town already mentioned all of "From the time that sufficient rain
the dwellings in village and country had fallen in the autumn to make
consisted of a few uptight poles with Plowing practicable, I had been given
a roof of thatch. The quantity of dress
worn by the people was only a little F11''6'. working them abreast, and up
greater than was used by our earliest some time in the month of January
•estors had plowed 115 acres Of land. It was
The first two days out from Pana-
P*ow Wom daylight until
,UKUL auu
was not so well
Pl°w team of two horses and one
hired man who was receiving just
that conditions were unequal, but
made po complaint until I was directed
to add to my other recreations by as
sisting the assistant kitchen maid, a
Digger Indian, lti Washing the dishes
after supper. At this I temporarily re
belled, but my employer informed me
that I Could either do the work Or
quit. Partly frotti a fear that hfe would
not be able to get anyone to fill my
place, but Chiefly becaiise I had hO
other place to go, I stayed attd learned
to Wash dishes.
"Ofi that memorable A&y in January,
1869, while plowing in th§ field, the
resolutkm that had been gradually
ftfwniflg in my ifiihd to tfy to get out of
the grove ih which my life was run
ning, took definite Shape. Leaving the
team standing in the field I went to
Mf. RUssall and proposed that I attend
Mr. O'Neill's school and do chores for
iny board. To my surprise he readily
Start to SbftodK
"I started to school the very next
day and made stich progress that in
less than three months I acquired
more knowledge th%n in all my previ
ous school life. The ensuing fall I
began teaching, Which I continued for
two years, all Of that time applying rest
myself to study SO successfully that
I was later on enabled to enter the
Scientific school at Harvard, and grad
uate therefrom Second to no one in
my class. For that success I was
remejnber places With remarkable a«^
curacy, which he had once visited,
had likewise become used to the sad
dle and was a good shot with the
"We started for Sacramento late iii
July, 1861, where we were to complete
the necessary outfit, including the pur
chase of an additional horse for my
self, so we would have two horses
each. Bach of us had a revolver .Bar
rett a rifle and I a double barrel gun,
one barrel for shot and the other a
"On reaching the city We went to
the hofse market* purchased a likely
looking sorrel, leaving him at a
blacksmith shop to be shod, which op
eration was promised in two hours,
and went out to view the sights. On
returning for the horse at the appoint
ed time I observed him tied at the
farther end of the shop, the perspir
ation running dOwn his sides and
legs in streams. I asked the black
smith the cause of it, and he inform
ed me that no man living could shoe
that horse. He said that he had blind
folded him, put a. twist oh his nose
and started to drive the first nail
when the animal knocked him down,
he barely escaping with his life. Bar
rett informed me that he knew of a
blacksmith at a place about thirty
miles distant, and oh our route, Who
could shoe anything. SO the following
morning We started oti Our journey.
We had hot gone far Whett the sorrel
became So lame that I could not ride
him, so turning him loose We manag
ed to coax him along until We reach
ed the blacksmith that could shoe any
"In the meantime we had, by re
moving 6 large section of the hoof,
discovered the cause 1 of the lameness,
Which Was a piece of the nail that the
Sacramento blacksmith had attempt
ed to drive. That redoubtable black
smith of the Sierras put a twist On
the sorrel's nttse, blindfolded him and
then tied up one of his fore legs, the
foot of Which he proposed to shoe hut
the blacksmith got no farther of his
Own volition for the sorrel, With the
Other fOre-foot, gave him a blow that
resulted, when he regained Conscious
ness, ih convincing him that the
only way to shOe the horse was to
rope, throw and securely bind him,
which was done. But the sorrel was
never afterWafd the Bathe hofSfe. He
was chronically lame, cunning and
mean. Sometime afterward I traded
him for a worthless Indian pony, but
not uhtil he piayed a trick that for a
time, threatened to result .in
southern states, and a strong effort
chiefly indebted to the analytical mind ,, .tijX
large learning and wise counsels of •waa made to take the state out Of the
Owen H. O'Neill,with whom I was part Union,
of the time associated in teaching and
all of the time, for nearly three years,
sufficiently near to have his scholar
ly aid whenever sought. After return
ing east I corresponded with him tin
til he received my letter, to which he
made no reply,announcing my enlist
ment in the civil war. I think he
lacked any patriotic feeling for this
country and often spoke lightly of the
actions of those who, as he expressed
it, 'Sought the bubble reputation at
the cannon's mouth.' This Was un
doubtedly due to the unpleasant ex
periences in his native land.
*'At the time of which I write, Cal
ifornia had juSt emerged from the
popular mining period and was pass
ing to the agricultural Stage, the plac
er mining having been pretty well ex
hausted and many of those who had
been engaged therein had bought
ranches in the fertile valleys. Very
little land was then under irrigation,
but all of the valleys In the central
part of the state, such as Suisun, Na
pa, Vaca and several others were ex
tremely fertile and needed no irriga
tion to raise large crops of wheat bar
ley and corn, together with fruits such
as apples, peaches and grapes in
abundance. The Sacramento plains,
extending from Vaca valley to the
city of Sacramento, a distance of thir
ty miles was an immense cattle range
but IS now under cultivation. South
ern California, now so rich in the pro
duction of oranges and other fruits,
was then considered of but little value.
"During the spring of 1861 I bedame
acquainted with a young man by the
name of B. H. Barrett, who had cross
ed the plains from council Bluffs,
near where his people lived, some two
years before, and he persuaded me to
make the return trip with him that
summer. Like all persons raised on
the frontier, young Barrett Was a
good horseman and & goo4/shot And
had the training that enabled him to
"When President Lincoln made his
first call for troops, 75,000, one could
hear in almost every croWd persons
denouncing his act as unconstitutional
and declaring that he ought to he im
peached. Thfese traitorous expressions
aroused all the patriotic feelings of my
youthful nature, and though the era of
good feeling has long since come to
stay, I can never wholly forget the
emotions aroused, during, the early
days of the War, by "the talk of those
Who would have destroyed the union
wno wOuiQ nave aeBuuyeu luw uuiuix
man slavery. At Carson City, July 28,
1861, we learned of the disastrous de
feat at Bull RuH, Which occurred on
July 21, just one week before. The
news was brought by the Pony express,
a method recently inaugurated for car
rying across the plains letters and
small valuable parcels. The charge
was 15 per half ounce, afterwards re
duced to $1 per half ounce. The
amount carried was limited to twenty
pounds. Horses were changed
Tomorrow we
place on sale
a new spring
line of Piatt,
and TOrchon
Laces, some
10c and
12%c Values
in the lot,
your choice
for this big
January C_
sale at JL
ing, instead cf riding, the remainder
of the Way.
Scenery of the Sierras.
"The scenery Over the Sierras was
inspiring and grand. Immediately oh
leaving Sacramento the traveled road
wound along the south fork of the
American river, whose clear waters
were in constant turmoil as they
leaped doWn deep declivities and over
huge boulders,a sight common in New
England, but unlike anything I had be
fore seen in California. Our road
passed through forests of pines, 206 or
more feet in height, many of the
trunks of Which were so large that
when fallen a person on horseback
could not look over one of them. We
camped One night on the shores of
Lake Tahoe, a beautiful and clear bOdy
of water. Although it Was mid-Sum
mer, the last of July, the eternal snows
reached almost to the borders of the
valley that holds this mountain lake,
and the following morning a heavy
white frost covered the ground.
"During that summer silver mines
were being extensively developed
around Virginia City and a constant
stream of six and eight mule teams,
hauling machinery and supplies, lined
this mountain rOad. Down the eastern
slope of the mountains there had been
recently constructed one of the finest
wagon reads I ever saw. It Was 5%
miles in length and wag built With
practically a uniform grade for its en
tire length.
"At Carson City we laid in supplies
sufficient to last us to Salt Lake City,
as there was no intermediate station
where they could be procured. Our
plan was to pack one horSO which as
we had four, allowed one of them to
from his burden eVery fourth
"California at the breaking out Of
the civil War was a hot-bed of Seces
sion sympathizers, there being among
its inhabitants many Settlers from the
in the interests of the institution of hu- going to meet this one This was the
every twenty-five miles, or as neaf
that distance as stations Could be es
tablished where there Was water. A
rider Was allowed two minutes to
change horses and the average dis
tance covered by such rider was sev
enty-five miles. Later, stations were
established at intermediate points, re
ducing the distance between them in
some cases to ten miles. The Schedule
time from Independence, Mo., to Ban
Francisco was 7 days. Lincoln's inau
gural was carried in seven days and
seventeen hours. Newspapers trans
mitted were printed on tissue paper.
The first Pony express started from
Sacremento April 3, i860, and another
from St. Joseph on the same day.
The service was discontinued on the
completion of the Overland telegraph
October 22, 1861. Though many times
attacked by Indians but one mail was
In Touch With Indians,
"Leaving Carson City earlyi, in the
Big January
ter Goods Must Go.
150 and 20c Mattings, a good assortment of patterns,
for Our January Clearing Sale at
200 Rolls Japanese Linen Warp Matting very
finest 35c grade, choice for this sale yard ...
150 large 30x60 Smyrna Rugs, $1.75
grade, for this sale at
30x60 Wilton Velvet Rugs, best $2.00
grade, go in this sale at ....
Room size 9x9 Bruaselette Hugs, cheap
at $5.00, Sale Special atr
All Wool Carpet size Ingrain Art Squares,
$12.50 grades, sale price
Ottawa's Biggest, Best and Busiest Store
We Consider it Good Store-keeping to Take a Loss "Now in QUf.
so that in the spring we'll be able to show none but Fresh, Clean Stocks
Our Season of Profit is Over and. No Matter What the Sacrifice, All Win^
Carpets and Mattings
Houae cleaning time Is not so far off and this sale offers aft op
portunity to save at least one-third on Carpets, Rugs and Mattings.
25 rolls Granite Carpet in good de
signs, regular 35c value, Jan-^^1^
uary Clearing Sale price
A line Of Children's pretty Worsted
Dresses, nicely made and trimmed-,-in
Sizes 1 to 6, our best 75c, $1.00 and
$1.25 sellers, all marked down for ottr
January Clearing tale to
afternoon as we journeyed towards some became so proficient that they
Fort Churchill, ten miles out, we met could throw a slapjack up through
an Indian on horseback andil remem- the chimney and go outside and catch
her Very distinctly that then and there It as it fell. I never saw that done,
dawned upon me the first full realiza-| "Two incidents occurred before we
tlon of the fact that we two boys had reached Salt Lake that will illustrate
started on a journey of nearly 1,900 life in crossing the plains, in those
miles, through a country inhabited by, earlier days. It was our custom to
at least five tribes of IndianSj Pah- camp before dark, when we could
Tjtes, SIoUX, Arapahoes, Shoshones and reach a place where there was grass
Pawnees, the first of Which did not and water, turn the horses loOse with
haVe the reputation of being over- long ropes around their necks, so as
friendly to the Whites. to drag upon the ground, when they
"There Were then two traveled
could be
routes between Carson City and Salt Picket them when it began to grow
take one going via the Humbolt river dark. We waited a little too late to
and the other further south and more
direct. We took the latter route and
it IS certainly as desolate a region aS
Anyone could well imagine. Seldom
Were there places where water could
be obtained less than twenty miles
apart and thete was one stretch of
forty-five miles. To make this ride we
had to start before day and travel un
til after dark, across a succession of
valleys from ten to fifteen miles in
Width, but without vegetation of any
kind. Near where we crossed Reese
rfver we overtook a telegraph construc
tion party, putting up a telegraph
line. Bast of Salt Lake, not far from
South Pass, we met a similar outfit
first line of telegraph built across the
continent. When some distance east
of the crossing of Reese river, being
in the country of the Shoshones, We
got considerably exercised over the re
ports of Indian outrages, which immi
grants1 'whom we met informed us had
occurred not far ahead. We then de
cided to travel night as well as days
until we had passed the supposed dan'
ger. Thus for two days and nights,
except making long enough stops for
the horses to feed upon the grass, as
we carried no feed for them, we kept
on our journey. The last night we
were so sleepy that we had to walk to
keep awake. Toward morning we ar
rived at a grove where there was
plenty •at grass and water, and after
tethering our horses with long ropes
so they could feed, we lay down and
w«fe soon asleep. When we awoke
the sun was high in the heavens and
there were something like a score of
Indians engaged in curiously inspect
ing our horses and baggage. That is
how we escaped the Indians. We
soon made friends with them by cook
ing them plenty of slapjacks. This
was practically the only kind of bread
stuff We had on the entire trip. In
those days, one of the sure signs that
a person was no longer a tenderfoot,
could be demonstrated by his being
able to flip the skillet so as to turn
a slapjack and land it ih Its proper
place. I have heard it stated that
Carpet, 25c
caught, then catch and
We waited a
do the latter, one evening, and when
we attempted to oatch them with that
sorrel acting Ss leader, they started
off over the hills. After vainly follow
ing them for a mile or so we gave up
and decided to wait until morning. At
daybreak we went through the same
vain effort, the horses finally disap
pearing in a cloud of dust along the
road over which We had traveled the
day before.
"Barrett told me to stay and watch
the baggage and he would follow up
and catch the runaways. That was
about as anxious a day as I ever ex
perienced. It was extremely hot and
I divided my time between watching
the road down which Barrett and the
horses had gone and in visiting a
spring of water half a mile distant.
Finally, just before sunset I caught
sight of the returning fugitives. A
pony expressman had caught the
horses, tied them to some posts left
Where an effort had been made to sink
a well, and Informed Barrett of the
Barrett's Horse Bucks.
"I have often heard it stated, and
I am prepared to believe it, that no
persons, no matter how good friends
they may have been, could cross the
plains without quarreling. One day,
Barrett and I had had some disagree
ment and were not on speaking terms.
He was riding a spirited gray mare
and leading a rawboned bay horse. At
tached to the latter was a iarlat,
wound around the pommel of Is sad
die. The bay was not disposed to lead
well and now and then stopped short
to get a bite of grass. Whpn he' did
that he jerked the rope,
being angry, spurred the lay mare,
Ladies' Nd'Vr
elty WfifafeB
and Satftai
made and
good t&flge
sizes, the best
11.86 grade,
choice for par
big s&ie
About 15 pairs
Fleeced Cotton
placed on sale, while they
last, per pair
3ood, wide, Hemp
grade, clearing
sale price, yard
Big line of WoOi Filled Carpets,
choice patterns, sold up to 600 a
yard, choice for AOn
this sale rv*
Qest 75c all Wool Ingrain Carpet in
big line of patterns
for this Sale at
of splendid
Blankets Will
Very large heavy 11-4 size Flefe«SSd
Eiderdown Blankets, the best
grade, for our January^ Oq_
Clearing Sale, per pai/.:.. WG
All wool, very large and extra
heavy, California Blankets, the best
$6.00 and $7.50 grades, just & little
soiled, choice for
this sale per pair ..... »0
Silk Waists
A splendid lihd 6f Ladl^S'
Silk Waists iii Brown, N&Vy,
and Black, regular $5.0d
marked down for our
January Clearing Sale to
Ladies' splendid Black M^rc^riited
Sateen' Petticoats, made with double
ruffle, the best $1.00 Underskirt sb6^iril
anywhere, just ftbOttt 18 t& fee W
closed out tomorrow at .- w.... wV
Balance of Our stock of Ladies'
$3^ and $3.50 Black Moreefl
coftre 'plated on saHF?cmicrmW
for a quick clearance at .,.
when she jumped, which diused the
saddle girth to slip toward/the rear.
There followed then in rai id succes
sion, apurrings, jumps, jerk and slip
ping 6f girth, until the lat :er could
slip no further when the ene shift
ed slightly and an exhibitlc of buck
ing took place that I have lever seen
excelled. Barrett was afbod rider
and held his own for awing but the
contest was unequal, aststhe saddle
Ladies' very fine fleece iihed and Mat'
ural Wool Vests and Pants, th3 Very
best 50c and 75c grades, m&fkid dbwn
for our January
Clearing Sale to Ol/O
Was loose, and the rider, &ft6r SWayK
ing first to one side aitd theft tiid fttfr
er finally doubled up, turned & Sdjafiiv
sault Or two, and then landed 6h
"I had watched the whOld
ing and from the beginning cleafl
saw the ending, felt that I had
my revenge, but did not dirt
Sixteen miles West of Salt L&k« Ottyf
we stopped for a week With a
family. The head of the family tfaa
a Welshman and had two WiVSs,
of whom kept house and the "Dtttei*
helped with the outdoor Wtirk. @d fai
as I could discover this family &pp66fC
ed to be thrifty and contented, I gftmt
and talked with
ffia&jjr Mor­
mons in the few days we were l& Shi
near Salt Lake City' and found tT
to be narrow in their mental
very bigoted in th61r feiigi&Ui yltsWs,
loyal to Brigham Young, intensely jfa*
loyal to the government, hilt
ous and thrifty. It was the &6ltt£d Jbe«
lief among ail of these with wheffl
talked that the north and Sdtith WOUld)
fight until they destroyed e^Cht
other and then the Mbffi&fid
would come into their fightfui inhefifc*
ance, which.meant all of North Atfiefr'
lea. it will he remembered that IK
1857 the Mormons hftd defied tfte: $u«
thorlty of the United States and tfdopS
under Gen. Albert Sidney fohtiSTOiiC
had been sent out to quell the IneipU
ent rebellion. 1 Saw the fortlficaticwi#
which the-Mormons had thfdWlft^ttir it|
a canon, juSt east of Salt Lake City
While in Salt Lake City we
across a man by the name of
whom we had known in CallfoiSiia,'
who was one of a d&rty of fiv§ Oh'
way back to the states, and it Wfis ai
ranged that we travel together. Th
Purdy party had 6, coVefed
drawn by a pair of horses, and. two
three riding horses. If it had not been
for the shelter, inside and underneath)
this covered wagon afforded us ourihjy
several days of rainy and snoww
weather, I hsfrdly believe *we could!
have finished our journey, as
Barrett nor myself had either
blanket or overcoat.
.1 ~t
"From Salt Lake City we fdllowe^
the emigrant road which ran itt a
northeasterly direction to South $&dsj
South PasS has nothing Of the
ance of a pass through a mSil&t&lQ
range, hut Consists of an exteneltH"el&<
vated plateau. The altitude -IS
great that even in midsummer froiseoi
ground is encountered
abundant game coifs
telope, prairie chic
few f£et be
low the surface. The waters from Pa*
cific Springs flow jn both directions,
east and west, into the Atlantic
into the Pacific. In contract With th3
country west of Salt!Lake,
Lake, we
insisting of &wt,
rtfMS, sage hens
Page 50

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