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jiad been killed at.sea and over 300,000
loung seals had died of starvation as ie result. The revoltihg barbarity of ich a practice, as well as the waste ul destruction which it involves, aeeds no demonstration and is its own ondemnation. The Bering sea tribu nal, which sat in Ea^s in 1893 and ivhich decided against the claims of jha United States tQ exclusive juris diction in the waters of Bering sea :ind to a property right in the fur seals when outside of the three mile limit, letermined also upon certain regula tions which the tribunal considered lufficlent for the proper protection and preservation of the fur seal in or abitually resorting to the Bering sea. -he tribunal by its regulations estab lished a close season, from the 1st of May to the 31st of July, and excluded all killing in the waters within sixty 'miles around the Pribilof islands. They also provided that the regula iions wlpch they had determined upon, tvith a view to the protection and pres srvatlon of the seals, should be sub mitted every five years to new exami nation, so as to enable both interested governments to- consider whether in he light of past experience there was occasion for any modification thereof. The regulations have proved plainly Inadequate to accomplish the object of protection and preservation of the fur seals, and for a long time this govern ment has been trying in vain to secure from Great Britain such revision and modification of the regulations as were mtemplated and provided for by the "•ard of the tribunal of Paris. The process of destruction has been accelerated during recent years by the appearance of a number of Japanese vessels engaged in pelagic sealing. As these vessels have not been bound Bven by the inadequate limitations pre scribed by the tribunal of Paris, they have paid no attention either to the close season or to the sixty mile limit fnppsed upon Canadians and have prosecuted their work, up to the very islands themselves. On July 16 and 17 the crews from several Japanese ves sels made raids upon the island of St. Paul, and before they were beaten off by the very meager and insufficiently armed guard they succeeded in killing Beveral hundred seals and carrying off the skins of most of them. Nearly all the seals killed were^emales, and the work was done witir fFightful barbar ity. Many of the'seals" appear to have been skinned alive, and' many* w4ie found half skinned and still alive. The raids were repelled only by the use of firearms, and five of the raiders were killed, two were wounded and twelve captured, including the two wounded. Those captured have since been tried and sentenced to imprisonment. An ttack of this kind had been wholly nnlooked for, but suchprovision of *is, arms and ammunition will ow be made that its repetition will' not be found profitable Promise by Japan. -t Suitable representations regarding the incident have been made to the overnment of Japan, and we are as sured that all practicable measures will be taken by that country to pre vent any recurrence of the outrage. On our part, the guard on the island will be increased and better equipped and organized, and a better revenue cutter p&trol service about the islands will be established. Next season a CJnited States war vessel will also be gent there. We have not relaxed our efforts to 3ecure an agreement with Great Brit ain for adequate protection of the seal herd, and negotiations with Japan for the same purpose are in progress. The laws for the protection of the seals within the jurisdiction of the United States need revision and amend ment. Only the islands of St. Paul and St. George are now in terms in cluded in the government reservation, nd the other islands ate also, to be included. The landing of aliens as well as citizens upon the islands, without a permit from the department of com merce and labor for any purpose exr cept in case of stress of weather or for Svater should be prohibited under ade ate penalties. The approach of ves sels for the excepted purposes should be regulated. The authority of the gov ernment agents on the islands should be enlarged, and the chief agent should ave powers of a committing magis trate. The entrance of a vessel into territorial waters surrounding the Islands with intent to take seals should be made a criminal-offense and cause of forfeiture. Authority for seizures in such cases should be given, and the resence on any such vessel of seals or sealskins or the paraphernalia for talc ing them should be made prima facie evidence-of such intent. I recommend what legislation' is needed to accom plish these ends, and I commend to your attention the report of Mr. Sims of the department of commerce and labor on this subject. An case we are compelled to aban don the hope of making arrangements with other governments to put an end to the hideous cruelty now incident to pelagic sealing it will be a question for pour serious consideration how far we 'lould continue to protect and main tilin the seal herd on land with the rbsult' of continuing such a practice and whether it is not better to end the practice by exterminating the herd mirselves in the most humane way pos sible. Second Hague Conference, A In my last message I advised* ybu that the emperor of Russia had taken the initiative in bringing about a sec ond peace conference at The Hague. Under the guidance of Russia the ar rangement of the preliminaries for such a conference has been progress in^during the past year. Progress liif^iecessarily been slow owing to the great number of countries to be con WiHo/l iirton nnooflAn fhof ho* arisen. It is a matter, of satisfaction that all of the American republics have now, for the first time, been invited to join in the proposed conference. The close connection between the subjects to be taken up by the Red Cross conference held at Geneva last summer and the subjects which natu rally would come "before The Hague conference made it apparent that it was deisirable to have the work of the Red Cross conference completed and considered by the different powers be fore the meeting at The Hague. The Red Cross conference ended its labors on the Gth of July, and the revised and amended convention, which was signed by the American delegates, will be promptly laid before the senate. By the special and highly appreciat ed courtesy of the governments of Rus sia and the Netherlands a proposal to call The Hague conference together at a time which would conflict with the conference of the American republics at Rio de Janeiro in August was laid aside. No. other date has yet been sug gested. A tentative programme for the conference has been proposed by the government of Russia, and tlie subjects which it enumerates are un dergoing careful examination and con sideration in preparation for the con ference. Peace and Righteousness. It must ever be kept in mind that war is not merely justifiable but im perative upon honorable men, upon an honorable nation, where peace can only be obtained by the sacrifice of con scientious conviction or of national welfare. Peace is normally a great good, and normally it coincides with righteousness, but it is righteousness, and not peace, which should bind the conscience of a nation as it should bind the conscience of an individual, and neither a nation nor an individual can surrender conscience to another's keeping. Neither can a nation which is an entity and which does not die as Individuals die refrain from taking thought for the interest of the genera tions that are to come no less than for the interest of the generation of today, and no public men have a right, wheth er from shortsightedness, from selfish indifference or from sentimentality, to sacrifice national interests which are vital in character. A just war is in the long run far better for. a nation's soul than the most prosperous peace obtained by acquiescence in wrong or injustice. Moreover, though it is crim-. inal for a nation not to prepare for war so that it may escape the dreadful con sequences of being defeated in war, yet it must always be remembered that even to be defeated in war may be far better than not to have fought at all. As has been well and finely said, a beaten nation is not necessarily a dis graced nation, but the nation or man is disgraced if the obligation to defend right is shijfkecL We should as ,a nation do everything in our power for the cause of honora ble peace. It is morally as indefensible for a nation to commit a wrong upon another nation, strong or weak, as for an individual thus to wrong his fel lows. We should do all in our power to hasten the day when there shall be peace among the nations—a peace based upon justice and not upon cowardly submission to wrong. We can accom plish a good deal in this direction, but we cannot accomplish everything, and the penalty of attempting to do too much would almost inevitably be to do worse than nothing, for it must be re •membered that fantastic extremists are not in reality leaders of the causes which they espouse, but are ordinarily those who do most to hamper the real leaders of the cause and to damage the cause itself. As yet there is no likeli hood of establishing any kind of inter national power, of whatever sort, which can effectively check wrongdo ing, and in these circumstances it would be both a foolish and an evil thing for a great and free nation to deprive itself of the power to protect its own rights and even in exceptional cases to stand up for the right's of oth ers. Nothing would more promote in iquity, nothing would further defer the reign upon earth of peace and right eousness, than for the free and enlight ened peoples, who, though with much stumbling and many shortcomings, nevertheless strive toward justice, de liberately to render themselves power less while leaving every despotisni and barbarism armed and able to work their wicked will. The chance for the settlement of disputes peacefully by arbitration now depends mainly upon the possession by the nations that mean to do right of sufficient armed strength to make their purpose effec tive. The Navy and Army. The United States navy is the surest guarantor of peace which this country possesses. It is earnestly to be wished that we would profit by the teachings of history in this matter. A strong and wise people will study its own fail ures no less tliftn its triumphs, for there is wisdom"to be learned from the study of both, of the mistake as well as of the success. For this purpose nothing could be more instructive than a rational study of the war of 1812 as it is told, for instance, by Captain Malian. There was oniy one way in which that war could have been avoid ed. If during the preceding twelve years a navy relatively as strong as that which this country now has had been built up and an army provided relatively as good as that which the country now has, there never would have been the slightest necessity of fighting the war, and if the necessity had.arisen the war would under such circumstances have ended with our speedy and overwhelming triumph. But our people during those twelve years reftmed to make any prepara tions whatever regarding either tlie army or the navy. They saved a mil lion or two of dollars by so doing and »«i marA mnnav noM a fo]r] fni* "i" mmmm. each million they thus saved during the three years of war which followed —a war which brought untold suffering upon our people, which at one time threatened the gravest national disas ter and which, in, spite of the necessity of waging it, resulted merely in what was in effect a drawn battle, while tlie balance of defeat and triumph was al: most even. I do not ask that we continue to in crease our navy. I ask merely that it be maintained at its present strength, and this can be done only if we replace the obsolete and outworn ships by new and good ones, the equals of any afloat in any navy. To stop buildings ships for one year means that for that year the navy goes back instead of forward. The old battleship Texas, for instance, would now be of little service in a standup fight with a powerful adversary. The old double turret monitors have out worn their usefulness, while it was a waste of money to build tlie modern single turret monitors. All these ships should be replaced by others, and this can be done by a well settled pro gramme of providing for the building each year of at least one first class battleship equal in size and speed to any that any nation is at the same time building, the armament presum ably to consist of as large a number as possible of very heavy guns of one caliber, together with smaller guns to repel torpedo attack, while there should be heavy armor, turbine en gines and, in short, every modern de vice. Of course from time to time cruisers, colliers, torpedo boat destroy ers or torpedo boats will have to be built also. All this, be it remembered, would not increase our navy, but would merely keep it at its present strength. Equally, of course, the ships will be absolutely useless if the men aboard them are not so trained that they can get the best possible service out of the formidable but delicate and complicated mechanisms intrusted to their care. The marksmanship of our men has so improved during the last five years that I deem it within bounds to say that the navy is more than twice as efficient, ship for ship, as half a decade ago. The navy can only at tain proper efficiency if enough officers and men are provided and if these officers and men are given the chance (and required to take advantage of it) to stay continually at sea and to exer cise the fleets Singly and above all in squadron, the exercise to be of every kind and to include unceasing practice at the guns conducted under condi tions that will test marksmanship in time of war. Maintain High Standard. In both the army and the navy there is urgent need that everything possible should be done to maintain the highest standard for the personnel alike as re gards the offices and thd eiilistfed nieii. I do not believe that in any service there is a finer body of enlisted men and of junior officers than we have in both the army and the navy, including the marine corps. All possible encour agement to the enlisted men should be given in pay and otherwise and every thing practicable done to render the service attractive to men of the right type. They should be held to the strictest discharge of their duty, and in them a spirit should be encouraged which demands not the mere perform ance" of duty, but the performance of far more than duty if it conduces to the honor and the interest of the Amer ican nation, and in return the amplest consideration should be theirs. West Point and Annapolis already turn out excellent officers. We do not need to have these schools made more scholastic. On the contrary, we should never lose sight of the fact that the aim of each school is to turn out a man who shall be above everything else a fighting man. In the army in particular it is not necessary that either the cavalry or infantry officer should have special mathematical ability. Probably in both schools the best part of the education is the high standard of character and of professional morale which it confers. But in both services there is urgent need for the establishment of a prin ciple of selection which will eliminate men after a certain age if they cannot be promoted from the subordinate ranks and which will bring into the higher ranks fewer men and these at an earlier age. This principle of se lection will be c^jected to by good men of mediocre capacity who are fitted to do well while young in the lower po sitions, but who are not fitted to do well when at an advanced age they come into positions of command and of great responsibility. But tlie de sire of these men to be promoted to positions which they are not competent to fill should not weigh against the in terests of the navy and the country. At present our men, especially in the navy, are kept far too long in the junior grades and then, at much too ad vanced an age, are put, quickly through the senior grades, often not attaining those senior grades until they are too old to be of real use to them and, if they are of real use, being put through them so quickly that little benefit to the navy comes from theirhavlng been in them at all. The navy has one great advantage over the army in the fact that the of ficers of high rank are actually trained in the continual performance of their duties—that is, in the management of the battleships and armored cruisers gathered into fleets. This is not true of the army officers, who rarely have cor: responding chances Jo exercise com mand over troops under service condi tions. The conduct of the Spanish war showed the lamentable loss of life, the useless extravagance and the ineffi ciency certain to result if during peace the high officials of the war and navy departments are praised and rewarded only if they save money, at no matter whof ivrt tiia Afli/tittUOir iliA OAl*v- iH Ice, and if the higher officers are given no chance whatever to exercise and practice command. For years prior to the Spanish war the secretaries of war were praised chiefly if they practiced economy, which economy, especially in connection with the quartermaster, commissary and, medical departments, was directly responsible for most of the mismanagement that occurred in the war itself. And parenthetically be it observed that the very people who clamored for the misdirected economy in the first place were foremost to de nounce the mismanagement, loss and suffering which were primarily due to this same misdirected economy and to the lack of preparation it involved. Coast Defense Needs. "i There should soon be an increase In the number of men for our coast de fenses. These men should be of the right type and properly trained, and there should therefore be an increase of pay for certain skilled grades, es pecially in the coast artillery. Money should be appropriated to permit troops to be massed in body and exer cised in maneuvers, particularly in marching. Such exercise during the summer just past has been of incal culable benefit to the army and should under no circumstances be discontin ued. If on these practice marches and in these maneuvers elderly officers prove unable to bear the strain they should be retired at once, for the fact is conclusive as to their unfitness for war—that is, for the only purpose be cause of which they should be allowed to stay in the service. It is a real mis fortune to have scores of small com pany or regimental posts scattered throughout the country. The army should be gathered in a few brigade or division posts, and tlie generals should be practiced In handling the men in masses. Neglect to provide for all of this means to incur the risk of future disaster and disgrace. The readiness and efficiency of both the army and navy in dealing with the recent sudden crisis in Cuba illustrate afresh their value to the nation. Thi£ readiness and efficiency would have been very much less had It not been for the existence of the general staff in the army and the general board in the navy. Both are essential to the proper development and use of our mil itary forces, afloat and -ashore. -.The troops that were sent to Cuba were handled flawlessly. It was the swift est mobilization and dispatch of troops over sea ever accomplished by our gov ernment. The expedition landed com pletely equipped and ready for imme diate service, several of its organiza tions hardly remaining in Havana over night before splitting up into detach ments and going to their several posts. It was a fine- demonstration of the value and efficiency of thegeneral staff. Similarly it was' "owing in lfirge part to the general board that the navy was able at the outset to meet tlie Cu ban crisis with such instant efficiency, ship after ship appearing on the short est notice at any threatened point, while tlie marine corps in particular performed indispensable service. The army and navy Avar colleges are of in calculable value to the two services, and they co-operate with constantly in creasing efficiency and importance. Shooting Galleries Needed. The congress has most wisely pro vided for a national board for the pro motion of rifle practice. Excellent re sults have already come from this law, but it does not go far enough. Our regular army is so small that in any great war we should have to trust mainly to volunteers, and in such event these volunteers should already know how to shoot, for if a soldier has the fighting edge and ability to take care of himself in the open his effi ciency on the line of battle is almost directly proportionate to excellence in marksmanship. We should establish shooting galleries in all the large pub lic and military 'schools, should main tain national target ranges in different parts of the country and. should in cry way encourage the formation of rifle clubs throughout all parts of the land. The little republic of Switzer land offers us an excellent example in all matters connected with building up an efficient citizen soldiery. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. The White House, Dec. 3, 1900. APPENDIX. Addrexn by the Secretary of State of the United States of America aa Honorary PreHldent of the Third Conference of American Republic* at llio de Janeiro, July 31, lOOO. Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Third Conference of American Repub lics—I beg you to believe that I highly appreciate and thank you for the honor you do me. I bring from my country a special greeting to her elder sisters in the civ ilization of America. Unlike as we are in many respects, we are alike in this—that we are all engaged under new conditions and free from the traditional forms and limita tions of the old world in working out the same problem of popular self gov ernment. It is a difficult and laborious task for each of us. Not in one generation or in one century can the effective con trol of a superior sovereign, so long deemed necessary to government, be rejected and effective self control by the governed be perfected in Its place. The first fruits of democracy are, many of them, crude and unlovely. Its mis takes are many, its partial failures many, Its sins not few. Capacity for self government does not come to man by nature. It is an art to be learned, and It la also an exiu'essiou of char acter to be developed among all the thousands of men who exercise popular sovereignty. To reach the goal toward which we are pressing forward the governing multitude must first acquire knowledge that comes from universal education, wisdom that follows practical experi ence, personal Independence and self respect befitting men who acknowledge no superior, self control to replace that external control which a democracy re jects, respect for law, obedience to the lawful expressions of the public will, consideration for the opinions and in terests of others equally entitled to a voice in the state, loyalty to that ab stract conception—one's country—as In spiring as that loyalty to personal sov ereigns which has so illumined the pages of history, subordination of per sonal interests to the public good, love of justice and mercy, of liberty and order. All these we must seek by slow and patient effort, and of how many shortcomings in his own land and among his own people each one of us is conscious. Yet no student of our times can fall to see that-not America alone, but the whole civilized world, is swinging away from its old governmental moor ings and intrusting the fate of its civ ilization to the capacity of the popular mass to govern. By this pathway mankind is to travel whithersoever It leads. Upon the success of this our great undertaking the hope of human ity depends. Nor can we fail to see that tlie world makes substantial progress toward more perfect popular self government. I believe it to be true that, viewed against tlie background of conditions a century, a generation, a decade ago, government in my own country has ad vanced, in the intelligent participation of the great mass of the people, in the fidelity and honesty with which they are represented, in respect for law, In obedience to the dictates of a sound morality and in effectiveness and pu rity of administration. Nowhere in the world has this prog ress been more marked than in Latin America. Out of the wrack of Indian fighting and race conflicts and' civil wars strong and stable governments have arisen. Peaceful succession in accord with the people's will has re placed the forcible seizure, of power permitted by the people's indifference. Loyalty to country, its peace, its dig nity, its honor, has risen above parti sanship for individual leaders. The rule of law supersedes the rule of man. Property is protected, and the fruits of enterprise are secure. Individual lib erty is respected. Continuous public policies are followed. National faith is held sacred. -Progress has not been equal everywhere, but there has been progress everywhere. The movement .in tlie right direction is general. The •right tendency is-not exceptional It is continental.' The pres< affords just cause for satisfaction the future Is bright with hope. It is not by national isolation that these results have been accomplished or that this progress can be continued. No nation can live unto itself alone and continue to live. Each nation's growth is a part of the development of the race. There may be leaders, and there may be laggards, but no na tion can long continue very far in ad vance of the general progress of man kind, and no nation that is not doomed to extinction can remain very far be hind. It is with nations as it Is with individual men. Intercourse, associa tion, correction of egotism by the In fluence of others' judgment, broadening of views by the experience and thought of ecfiials, acceptance of the moral standards of a community the desire for whose good opinion lends a sanc tion to the rules of right conduct— these are the conditions of growth In civilization. A people whose minds are not open to the lessons of the world's progress, whose spirits are not stirred by the aspirations and the achievements of humanity struggling the world over for liberty and justice, must be left behind by civilization in its steady and beneficent advance. To promote this mutual interchange and assistance between the American republics, engaged in the sagie great tasks, inspired by the same purpose and professing the same principles, I understand to be the function of the American conference now in session. There is not one of all our countries that cannot benefit the others. There is not one that cannot receive benefit from the others. There is not one that will not gain by the prosperity, the peace, the happiness of all. According to your programme, no great and Impressive single thing is to be done by you, no political questions are to be discussed, no controversies are to be settled* no judgment is to be passed upon the conduct of any state, but many subjects are to be consider ed which afford the possibility of re moving barriers to intercourse, of as certaining for .the common benefit what advances have been made by each nation in knowledge, in experi ence, in enterprise, in the solution of difficult questions of government and in ethical standards, of perfecting our knowledge of each other and of doing away with the misconceptions, tlie misunderstandings and the resultant prejudices that are such fruitful sources of controversy. And there are some subjects in the programme which invite discussion that may lead the American republics toward an agreement upon principles, the general practical application of which can come only In the future through long and patient effort. Some advance at least may be made here toward the complete rule of justice and peace among nations In lieu of force-and war. The association of so many eminent men from all the republics, leaders of opinion In. their own homes the friend shins that will arise among you. the habit of temperate and kindly discus sion of matters of common Interest, the ascertainment of common sympathies and aims, the dissipation of misunder standings, the exhibition to all the American peoples of this peaceful hnd considerate method of conferring upon international questions this alone, quite irrespective of the resolutions you may adopt and the conventions you may sign, will mark a substantial advance in the direction of international good understanding. These beneficent results the govern ment and the people of the United States of America greatly desire. We wish for no victories but those of peace, for no territory except our own, for no sovereignty except the sover eignty over ourselves. We deem the Independence and equal rights of tlie smallest and weakest member of the family of nations entitled to as much respect as those of the greatest empire, and we deem the observance of that respect the chief guaranty of tlie weak agaiust the oppression of the strong. We neither claim nor desire nny rights or privileges or powers that we do not freely concede to every American re public. We wish to increase our pros perity, to expand our trade, to grow in wealth, in wisdom and in spirit, but our conception of the true way to ac complish this is not to pull down oth ers and profit by their ruin, but to help all friends to a common prosperity and a common growth that we may all be come greater and stronger together. Within a few months, for the first time, the recognized possessors of every foot of soil upon the American conti nents can be and I hope will be repre sented with the acknowledged rights of equal sovereign states In the great world congress at The Hague. This will be the world's formal and final acceptance of the declaration that Not in a' single conference or by' a single effort can very much be done. You labor more for the future than for the present, but If the right Impulse be given, if the right tendency be es tablished, the work you do here will go on among all the millions of people in the American continents long after your final adjournment, long after your lives, with incalculable benefit to all our beloved countries, which may It please God to continue free and .inde pendent and happy for ages to come. The Influence of the Farm. The farm is the best security we have for our social well being, and whatever promotes interest there, whatever raises it in intelligence and scientific spirit, is one of the most comforting influences of our civiliza tion. And so to have our young men imbued with the true agricultural spir it, to turn away from the adventures of the commercial life and the allure ments of mere money making to the simple, productive, independent life on the farm, is one of the richest promises in our educational system. For there is where it belongs—to the expanding mind force of the nation. The finest triumphs of the next fifty years, re sults that will go further than ali other enterprise in blessing men, will be won on the farm. There-Is a science of soil culture, and the art that is to be based upon it will open wide the door to men of thought and refinement. The answer of the old artist that he mixed his paint with brains is akin to the experience in the farming of the future, which will mix brains with the soil.—Columbus (O.) Journal, Tree SinngKlinn Smuggling of trees seems a peculiar action, but several women have en gaged In it—not as a business, of course, but on their return from Euro pean trips, says a correspondent of the New York Press. The trees are those attractive little Dutch cedars for Christmas. In American cities their price is high, whereas over in Rotter dam fine, fat little trees in the most fehowy of majolica pots may be bought cheap. A thrifty matron from the Quaker City who was abroad recog nized the possibility of such importa tions, and she bought a round dozen before she left Holland. When she disembarked on this side with her little forest she suavely explained that she was passionately fond of green things and sympathizing friends had present ed the plants to aid her in passing the time on the ocean. The customs in spector did not have the courage to suggest tlie lumber duty applied to such trifles, so in they came. Friends are following Mrs. Penn's example. Where Hla Went. Bacon—They say a man's first $100 is the hardest to get. Egbert—Well, I don't know about that. I know a fel low got mine easy enough.—Yonkers Statesman. The more yiolent the storm the soon er it is over.—Seneca. A' 110 part of the American continents Is to be deemed subject to colonization. Let us pledge ourselves to aid each other in the full performance of the duty to humanity which that accepted declara tion implies, so that in time the weak est and most unfortunate of our re publics may come to march with equal step by the side of the strongest and more fortunate. Let us help each oth er to show that for all the races of men the liberty for which we have fought and labored is the twin sister of justice and peace. Let us unite in creating and maintaining and making effective an all American public opin ion whose power shall influence inter national conduct nnd prevent interna tional wrong and narrow the causes of war and forever preserve our free lands from the burden of such arma ments as are massed behind the fron tiers of Europe and bring us ever near er to the perfection of ordered liberty. So shall come security and prosperity, production and trade, wealth, learn ing, the arts and happiness for ds all. THE GREAT RICHES, OF ALASKA Wm THE REMARKABLE INCREASE IN HER OUTPUT OF GOLD. I'rodnctlon Will Rench f2B,000,00« Against 915,000,000 In 1005—Hn treaanrei Only* Skimmed, Believe* "Judge J. C. Kellnm. V-'t "Alaska will produce $26,000,000 worth of gold this year as compared with $15,000,000 wortli last year," says a Chicago special dispatch to the New York I-Ierald. "Three banks In the Fairbanks district have accumulated more than $3,000,000 in deposits in two years. Alaska will be represented at tlie Seattle exposition with a solid gold statue worth $1,000,000. One of tha banks of Fairbanks exhibited in its show window last summer, just as a curiosity and object lesson, $1,500,000 worth of gold bricks—the real thing, composed of tlie pure yellow metal." .. This is tlie message brought from Alaska by Judge ,T. C. Kelluin, who was assistant district\attorney of Ari zona in tlie last Cloveland administra tion. Judge Kellum has been in Alas ka ten years. It is his opinion thai Alaska has hardly been skimmed of its treasures. He believes the present rather crude way of extracting the pre cious metal from the earth could bfl profitably followed with ever Increas ing results for a dozen years. With the use of huge dredges, which are now being introduced, he expects the out put of gold will be greatly augmented and at a reduced cost. "There are only a few dredges In op eration in Alaska," Judge Kellum said, "but these have been used with such success that the demand now Is great er than the supply. They are practica ble for work only on a large scale, as they cost something like $150,000 each. One of these machines will handle 5,000 cubic ynrds of dirt in twenty four hours. An expert man has all he can do to get away with ten cubic yaAs, and the average for a man la about eight yards, there being varia tions according to the geological for mations encountered. "In tlie Fairbanks district It Is poor dirt that does not yield from $1 to ^2 a cubic yard -!.hence the dredges turn out from $5,000 to $10,000 worth oj metal every day.. With them it Will bq possible to work dirt-which is not con-) sidered profitable when cared for by hand. The average pay of a miner is $1 an hour, or $8 to $10 a day. One of the dredges can be operated at a dally, expense of $150. "There is no money problem in Alas ka. Coin or its equivalent is more plentiful than anything else as a mat ter of fact. 1 "Although we pd„v housemaids $100 a month, no one is lying awake nights worrying over the servant problem like you* in the States. A good stenogra pher draws tlie nice monthly allowance of $250. Common labor is worth 51 an hour, and skilled labor commands $2 to $2.50 an hour. "It is a pretty poor steak that does not make a five dollar bill vanish. For porterhouse steak the average price is $1 to $1.50 a pound, while ordinary steaks are quoted at 75 cents a pound. Turkey and chicken—well, what do you think of paying $15 to $20 for a Christ mas fowl? If you want oysters to go with the turkey one little can will cost you $5. Flour costs $7.50 a sack sugar, 15 cents a pound coffee, 75 cents green tomatoes, 75 cents a pound, and cucumbers, 75 cents each. "Oddly enough, many articles of ta ble food cost more in the summer than in the winter. This is explained by the fact that freighting in the summer costs 18 cents a pofand, and in the winter, when the ice is on the ground and streams, it costs only 5 cents a pound. We raise in the Fairbanks dis trict nearly all kinds of garden truck that are raised in a state like Illinois tomatoes, potatoes, onions and the like. The production of course is limited, the main dependence necessarily being up on shipments from outside. "The statue of pure gold which Alas ka will send to the exposition at Seat tle will be the most Interesting and expressive exhibit there of the wealth and characteristics of the territory. A ton of gold, I am told, is worth $466, 000. The statue, therefore, will weigh more than two tons. It will be four feet high, and the other dimensions will be in that proportion. The model has not been selected. Some Alaskans desired a statue full size with the hu man form and not pure gold. Leading bankers and business men, however, insisted there should be no alloy in Alaska's exhibit, and this notion finally prevailed. .. "It will be interesting to know what will be the largest nugget of gold on display at the exposition. At the Port land exposition was displayed an Alas kan nugget worth nearly $4,000." Skirt* POP Men* Bell "skirted overcoats are tlie latest novelty in the tailoring world, says the "London Mirror. They have been in troduced by tailors of High Ilolborn in London, and already there is quite a boom in tlie article. The effect ol the new overcoat is graceful If some wHat feminine. The cloth is taken in at the waist, then allowed to hang loose, falling in natural folds, like a lady's skirt. "Quiet colors arc heal for such a novel style," said one ol the sartorial artists the other day. "Green checks jr stripes, which can be worn with Impunity for a less at tractive style of coat, would look ri diculous." Wm Miss Passe—I have had many chances to marry. Only a short time ago a man told me of his love. Miss Pert— Did he also tell you the name of till lady?—Meggendorfer Blatter.