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Ottumwa tri-weekly courier. [volume] (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1903-1916, December 27, 1906, Image 4

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THURSDAY, December 27, 1908.
The day is observed In almost every
civilized country. The different na
tions have different ways of commem
orating the birth of Christ, but com
mon to them all Is the happy spirit
that characterizes our own Christmas
day. The weeks of breathless expec
l»ncy, the air of mystery permeating
the atmosphere around about, that ev
ery one seems eager to fathom and
none really anxious to have explained
away the season Wjhen a man doubts
the motives of his closest relatives
and friends and recognizes conviction
lp his own actions, comes to an issue
at last in the cold, gray dawn of Christ
mas morning when the Inmates of the
household steal forth to investigate
the unfamiliar forms of their individ
ual stockings ranged in motly array
lil front of the grate and, alas, too
often find duplicates of the carpet
Slippers of tradition, the misfit neck
tie that the female relatives of the
household are credited with taking an
almost fiendish delight In selecting,
the old doll with a new head or the
necessities of life, out of place and
strangely unwelcome in a Christmas
In the midst of the pleasant sur­
^rom Tuesday's Daily.
A. M. Walters, a fireman on the Bur
lington road, had his head severely
cut yesterday evening about 6:45
0 clock while crossing the "four-mile"
trestle, west of this city. The engine,
which went up in the morning as sec
ond engine of Burlington passenger
No. 3, was being returned light, to
the yards at Burlington at the time
the accident occurred. Mr. Walters
lives at Burlington.
This run is usually made on the
south side of the double tracks and Mr
Walters is In the habit of looking
ahead at this point to see if the trestle
is clear. Last night Walters stuck his
bread out of the north cab window as
usual, forgetting that they were on
tke- north side of the bridge, and his
head came in contact with the steel
frame work of the bridge, severely
cutting his scalp.
He was brought In on the engine
to the Burlington yards in this city
where the ambulance was called and
h,e was conveyed to the Ottumwa hos
pital, where he received the*necessary
medical attention.
1 His wife was summoned from their
home at Burlington and came in last
night on No. 5. Mr. Walters was
moved today to the home of his wife's
sister, Mrs. E. L. Lemberger, 143 Ash
street. While Mr. Walter's injuries
are not of a dangerous nature, it will
be some time before he will be able
to resume his run.
Other Railroad News,
C. BJ. Collins, operator at the Burling
ton freight house, and Mrs. Collins,
are spending the holidays in Des
Moines with relatives.
Burlington engineer Henry Fox of
trains No. 18 and 11 is off duty for
the day, his runs being filled by
August Hart.
Richland, Dec. 25.—Mrs., John
son and daughter, living four and one
half miles south of town were in town
Saturday. Miss Johnson was drilling
for an entertainment at Moyer church
Monday evening.
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Nevlll and
daughter went to Washington Saturday
to spend the holidays with Mrs. Nev
ille's parents.
Miss Leila Mendenhall of Oskaloosa
and a former resident of this place,
has been in town several days visiting
Prof, and Mrs. Atkinson left Satur
day for the western part of the state,
where they will visit relatives during
vacation of the school here.
Miss Blanche Johnson, who has been
enjoying a visit here with relatives, re
turned to her duties in Ottawa, 111., to
H. F. Hoogenakker, who has been on
a business trip to Kansas City,- Mo., a
few days, returned home today.
Mesdames Annis Greeson and S. E.
Carmichael were calling on friends in
Fairfield the latter part of the week.
Last Friday afternoon the teachers
treated each one of their pupils before
closing school for a week's vacation,
Friday evening the tenth and elev
enth grade pupils gave an entertain
ment at the school house for the bene
fit of the school library.
The pupils of the Friends Sunday
school gave an Interesting program on
Saturday night at the church, after
which a treat was given each mem
Mr. and Mrs. Erb Dillon and children
of Rubio attended the Friday evening
entertainment here*'
Pllney McCracken, who Is attending
school at Penn college, Oskaloosa, will
spend his vacation at his home in
The Misses Grace and Ethel Kent of
Perry are guests of their uncle, John
Cent, and family for a few days.
Miss Teresa, the nurse who attended
Byron Vastine, returned a few days
ago to her home in Washington.
The merchants enjoyed a good trade
last week in holiday goods.
Jacob Janes and family were called
to Winfleld Saturday to attend the fu
neral of Mrs. Jones's sister, Anna Pax
on, who died in Iowa City from having
an operation performed.
Mrs. Nan White is conducting a pro
tracted meeting near Martinsburg.
"Th's Is a season of universal giving
...of universal liberality—a time when
the narrow boundaries of so-called
."'society" are In a measure Ignored
and the Christian world comes nearer
than at any other time to feeling that
there is common brotherhood of
man. The* time when the ties that
bind the world together in love and
good fellowship are strengthened the
purse strings of the miser loosened
and the heart of the criminal softened
with the hazy something that the day
brings. The children have come home
for tho holidays and bright, happy
faces surround the erstwhila lonely
firesides. It is a wonderful thing this
universal custom of observing Christ
roundings of our own homes at Christ
mas time it Is hard to realize that
there are in Ottumwa places where
December 25 dawns the same as other
days and where the holiday spirit is
unknown. To call these homes Is a
misnomer if the word means to imply
more than a mere sleeping and eating
place, And yet these habitations are
the only homes scores of families
know and little lives must form their
standards from these surroundings.
Sunshine is the one harmony—sun
shine and fresh air, and even this Is
often polluted by curses and blows and
sin and crime and shame. A kindly
spoken word or the smile of some
passerby is often the only bright spot
in their otnerwlse sordid existence.
But a wise creator has ordained that
childhood shall be happy no matter
what later years may bring
and even such a handicap cannot over
shadow that inner sunshine that is per
petuated in the heart of the little child.
It is pathetic to know that the day
which the coming of the Christ Child
made sacred to all children and which
in our -own country is especially set
apart for them, will find so many little
ones ignorant of the meaning of Christ
mas day. And more pathetic still are
the little stockings that hang empty
on Christmas morning and the childish
hearts filled with disappointment, but
still faithful in their belief In Santa
Glaus. And mothers, worn out and
weary in* the struggle to feed the little
ones, their hearts heavy with mem
ories of former Christmas days, are
unable to answer the childish ques
tioning of why "Santy" didn't come.
And sad but with a softer, sweeter
sadness are the homes where familiar
childish voices are still forever and
Christmas morning dawns for the first
time on empty firesides and out across
the snow little white mounds mark the
resting place of those who made joy
ous the dawn of last Christmas day.
Scandinavian Mythology Accounts For
the Custom-of Kissing Beneath Mis
tletoe—Demand is Great at Christ
mas Time—'How it Grows.
"Did you ever see mistletoe grow
ing?" asked a well known Ottumwan
of several others last evening as the
party were gathered together awaiting
the arrival of the Christmas day.
"Well, I have. Not so many months
ago I took a long trip through Arkan
sas, where they grow quite a little of
the Yuletide shrub.
"One day a friend of mine and my
self were going through a large grove
of pine trees and I noticed a large
number of colored people seemingly
very busy among the trees. Some of
the trees seemed to be occupied by
little pickininnies.
'What are they doing?' I asked my
'They are cutting mistletoe,' he re
plied, and sure enough they were. In
the parts of the south and east where
mistletoe grows, the harvest, if it may
be so called, takes place in the latter
part of October and the first of Novem
ber. Mistletoe grows near the tops of
the trees. A funny thing, about it Is
that It grows in a wreath, selecting
one limb on the tree to grow on and
twining right around it. Of course, it
Is a jjarasite.
"At the harvest time in Arkansas
the colored people go out into the
pine groves and forests in droves. The
little pickininnies clamber through the
trees hunting for the branch which
bears the prized wreath. So great has
become the demand for this shrub that
the picking of the shrub from the tree
has become a practical industry. The
little huntsmen in the trees, finding
the wreath, cut it away and throw it
to the watchers below. These pick up
the mistletoe, to later store it and fin
ally (ship it to the northern markets.
Mistletoe Suggestive of Christmas.
"Mistletoe, the shrub so suggestive
to all of Christmas and its joys has
figured-conspicuously in the history of
the human race for many centuries.
As far back as the time of the Druids
it was an object of special veneration,
particularly so if it grew on the sacred
oak tree. By them it was gathered
with much ceremony and hung above
the doorways, as an offer of shelter
during the severe winter to the forest
gods. The Germans accredited it with
mysterious magical powers, and the
Celts revered It as possessing valuable
^medicinal properties. Scandinavian
mythology treats of the subject, and
from this source is suposed to have
originated the modern custom of kiss
ing beneath a suspended sprig. Ac
cording to that legendary lore, the
mistletoe was under the protection of
the goddess of love, and all passing
under it received a kiss as an emblem
of love.
Cultivated for Holiday Trade.
"Mistletoe was first used in modern
England to hang over the servants'
hall, but it soon Invaded the parlors
and drawing rooms. Today it is one
of the most Important factors In appro
priate Christmas decorating, and the
demand for it is so great that special
attention is given to its cultivation,
and large shipments of It are made
each, year during the holiday season
from its native regions in the United
"The mistletoe is of parasitic origin,
and is usually found upon such decidu
ous trees as the apple, linden, locust,
maple, thorn, and occasionally the oak.
The European species is of the na
tural order, and the variety so common
on the American market Is only a rel
ative. There is very little difference,
however, In hafiit and appearance. It
is found in the United' States from
New Jersey to Indiana and south to
the gulf, and also on the Pacific coast.
Valuable For Decorating.
"The chief value of mistletoe lies In
Mayor There Asks Present Counoil to
Anthorize Him to Commence Pro
ceedings to Rocover Salaries Illegal
ly Drawn by Councllmen.
Des Moines, Dec. 25.—State inspec
tion of municipal affairs has disclosed
tho fact that city councils quite gen
erally throughout the state of Iowa
have exceeded their authority in vot
ing their salaries and have drawn for
their services in excess of the amount
provided by the law.
It is expected that in numerous in
stances, suits will be commenced to
recover from them money thus ille
gally collected with interest. In some
instances, judgments in accordance
would fatly reimburse depleted city
A notable instance is furnished at
Fort Madison, where it is discovered
that during the years 1901 and 1902,
tlie largest amounts overdrawn with
nterest were $205 and $235 respect
ively. The last three years discloses
the overdrafts to be considerable
The annual compensation of coun
cllmen is not to exceed $52 as provid
ed by statute. The only member of
the present Mount Pleasant city coun
cil who is caughr in case of legal pro
ceedings for any great amount is Al
has been serving all
of the .five years In question.
Proceeds to Collect.
The mayor has asked the present
council to authorize him to commence
proceedings to collect the several
amounts due. In case they refuse to
take part in the matter he has an
nounced that he will undertake on his
own initiative to take the proper steps.
However, as to the overdrawn salar
ies, the authority of the mayor to
compel the return is not doubted. If
previous councils had construed the
law as did the members last yearno
body doubts that they would have al
lowed themselves any more than they
were entitled to.
Notwithstanding the fact that it is
generally conceded that the remunera
tion provided by statute for men
serving as councilmen is small, the
law reads:
"The compensation of councilmen
in all other cities (than those of first
class) shall receive not to exceed $1.00
each, for every regular or special'meet
ing and in the aggregate not exceed
ing $50 in one year."
Draw $50 Per Year.
For many years councilmen have
construed this to mean that they could
draw $50 per year, regardless of the
number of meetings held and have
voted to allow themselves such sums
at the close of each fiscal year. Last
year, however, the point was raised,
that this was clearly illegal, and the
council examined the law on- the mat
ter a little more fully andvfinally de
cided that they were entitled to but
one dollar for each meeting held.
It is now claimed by some that each
member should be docked for the
meetings at which he was not actually
present. If this be true, the over
drafts of some Iowa councilmen will
run into good sized amounts. The
state examiners in making their list
of money illegally expended assumed
this interpretation of the law, aid
placed the present aldermen on the
In Mt. Pleasant the total overdrafts
discovered, caused by this nature of
illegal expenditures without interest
amount to $555.84. Additional to this
ex-Superintendent Green Is alleged to
have overdrawn approximately $150,
so that the investigation shows there
should be returned to the Mt. Pleasant
city treasury $705.84. It is to recover
this amount that the mayor is determ
ined to institute proceedings. The
expense of the state Investigation of
the public accounts of Mt. Pleasant
was $225.19.
If the same ruling as regards the
law governing compensations of alder
men is appealed to by Iowa cities, it is
expected there will be many demands
upon former aldermen for refunds of
overdrawn salaries.
its adaptability for decorating pur
poses. Being an evergreen, it may be
found fresh and blooming when the
wintry blasts have long since whisked
away the last vestige of the summer's
foliage. It can be safely shipped long
distances without fear of loss by
change of climate, and it continues to
holds its suggestiveness of the
forest from whence it came even when
brought into the warm and cheerihg
presence of the Christmas spirit. It
has also acquired a peculiar signifi
cance in sentimental minds when hung
from chandeliers and suspended "in
dark hallways. The complications of
ten arising from this belief are amply
illustrated in modern Christmas litera
Clarke Williams Asks $25,000 as Re
sult of Injury.
Osceola, Dec. 25.—Clarke Williams,
a well known farmer living in Wash
ington township, has brought suit
against Clarke county for $25,000 dam
ages for personal injuries. Williamfe
was driving home Sept, 7, when his
horse stuck a foot through a rotten
bridge near his home. Williams tried
to rescue the animal and was thrown
over the bridge railing to the rocks
twenty feet below. A rib was broken,
his right hip dislocated and his spine
permanently injured. He will be a
crlppl%for life. The board of super
visors at the last session declined to,
settle the matter out of court.
Governor Magoon to Appoint Commis
sion to Formulate New Statutes.
Havana, Dec. 25.—Governor Magoon
yesterday signed the long awaited de
cree appointing a commission to revise
the laws of Cuba. This commission
will submit to the provisional governor
a draft of an electoral law, new provi
sional and municipal laws, a law de
fining the organization and functions
of the judiciary, a civil service law
and also a treatise on such other sub
jects of great interest as may be re
ferred t0 it by the provinsional gover
nor. The first meeting will be held
January 3. This Is regarded as the
first step toward holding new elections.
Decision is Read by Justice Holmes
Case Grows Out of Proceedings In
volving Sheriff Shlpp of Chatta
nooga, Tenn.
Washington, Dec. 25.—The supreme
court of the United States In a decree
Issued yesterday showed clearly its
Intention that persons guilty of lynch
ing shall be punished.
The court holds that lynching when
the case Is still pending is contempt
of court and punishable as such. The
decision was read by Justice Holmes.
The case grew out of contempt pro
ceedings against Sheriff Shipp of Chat
tanooga, Tenn., and twenty-six other
persons who were blamed for the
lynching of a negro named' Johnson
last winter, either for failure properly
to safeguard the negro or with having
a hand In the murder themselves.
Defied Stay of Execution.
The question came before the court
in contempt proceedings. The negro's
lawyer secured a stay of execution
from a United States clr§uit court for
his client, who had been condemned to
death. A mob thereupon was formed
and broke into the jail, lynching the
It was violation of this order that
constitutes the contempt of court,
Probably the most Important point
raisel by the attorneys for Shipp and
his co-defendants was objection to the
court'3 assumption of jurisdiction in
Johnson's case.
Court Has Jurisdiction,
On this point Justice Holmes said:
"Even if the circ.uit court had no
jurisdiction to entertain Johnson's ap
peal and if this court had no jurisdic
tion of the appeal, this court, and this
court alone, could decide that such was
the law. It and it alone necessarily
had jurisdiction to decide whether the
case was properly before it. On that
question at least it was its duty to per
mit argument'and to take the time re
quired for such consideration as it
might need. Until judgment declining
jurisdiction should be announced it
had authority from the necessity of the
case to make orders to preserve the
existing conditions and the subject of
the petition."
Denies Purging of Contempt.
He also dealt with the contention
that the defendant^ had purged them
selves of contempt by their sworn
statements that they had not been par
ticipants in the murder of Johnson,
which the court did not accept.
"It had been suggested," Justice
Holmos proceeded, "that the court Is a
party and therefore leaves the fact
to be decided by the defendant. But
this is a mere afterthought to explain
something not understood. The court
is not a party. There is nothing that
affects the judges In their own per
son. Their concern is only that the
law should be obeyed and enforced and
their interest Is no other than that
they represent In every case. On this
occasion we shall not go Into the his
tory of the motion. It may be that
It was an Intrusion or perversion of
the common law, as is suggested by
the propoundlngs of Interrogatories,
and the very phrase 'purgation by
oath.' If so it is a fragment of a sys
tem of proof which does not prevail In
theory or as a whole and the reason
why it has not disappeared perhaps
may be found in the rarity with
which contempts occur. It may be
that e\en now if the sole question
were the intent of an ambiguous act
the proposition would apply. But in
this case it is the question of personal
presence and overt acts. And when
the act alleged consists in taking part
in murder it cannot be admitted that
a general denial and affidavit should
dispose of the case.'' ,.....
Minnesota Commissioners Cut Freight
Tariff After Investigation.
Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 25.—The
state railroad and warehouse commis
sion has ordered substantial reductions
in freight rates on commodities as a
result of the recent hearings on the
alleged unreasonableness of the rates.
The rate on hard coal from Duluth to
the twin cities was reduced from $1.25
to $.1.10, and on soft coal from 90 to
88 cents. Sevcr&l other cities were
Men on Way Home with Arms Filled
With Presents.
Schoolcraft, Mich., Dec. 25.—William
and Henry Munger, brothers, were run
down and killed last night by a Grand
Trunk freight train while walking
along the tracks from Vicksburg with
their arms filled with Christmas pres
ents they were taking home.
Fairfield, Dec. 25.—Clerk Lucas was
busy all day yesterday passing out
marriage licenses. Five couples receiv
ed permission to marry as follows:
Charles Walter Elerton, aged 17, and
Miss Jessie Mabel Doughty, aged 18,
both of Fairfield Samuel L. Hyde,
aged 29, and Lucy A. Parsons, ag-/! 22,
both of Fairfield George Truman Row
ley, aged 28, and Fanny May Cary,
aged 23. both of Fairfield Arthur Loo
mis, aged 23, and Hllma S. Sabel, aged
22, both of Packwood William C. Wig
gins, aged 41, and Cora May Avery,
aged 22, both of Fairfield, and Conrad
H. Bogner, aged 23. find Ida M. Rupp,
aged 22, goth of Lf^Tricibe.
A shoot is being held this afternoon
at the fair grounds by the members of
the Gun club. A fair crowd was In
The fire department was called out
early yesterday morning by-a chimney
burning out at the residence of Dr.
Dr. and Mrs. Orr Lawson of West
Liberty left yesterday for a visit with
friends in Clarlnda.
Nathaniel Howard is at home for a
visit with his parents. Mr. Howard
is a student in West Point Military
-J f* t,
W {-,*- «W
One of the necessities of the farm
home Is an accessible and convenient
clothesline, especially during the cold
The more attractive the immediate
vicinity of the back door Is made by
throwing table scraps and dish water
the more friendly will the chickens,
cats and stray dogs become. The in
vitation Is too attractive to resist.
Some people claim that parsley can
not be grown successfully In the house
during the winter, as it becomes in
fested with insects. However, the
leaves carefully washed and dried con
be kept and are good to use in flavoring
As a result of orders lately issued by
James Wilson, secretary of agriculture,
no canned meets which do not fully
conform to the Inspection label can be
accepted by the railroads for interstate
commerce. It begins to look very touch
as if Undo Sam meant business when
he enacted the recent pure food law.
Like some other Institutions of long
standing, the popularity of the county
fair has reached its zenith and now is
somewhat diminishing. People still
attend the fair, but more to have a day
off and a general good time with their
friends than for what they may learn
and see. The novelty has passed, and
with it some of the spirit of rivalry and
What can exceed the comfort, cheer
and hospitality of the farm homestead
when the cool days come on with the
bright blossoms in the windows, the
soft glow of the evening lamp, the
Cheerful sparkle and roar of the fire,
the tempting fragrance of the supper
and, above all, the gay frolic of the
children? And the nicest part of It all
Is the fact that there Is no sham about
It It Is all real and honestly afforded.
We know an orchardlst who has been
greatly troubled with grasshoppers
this year who is going to raise a hun
dred turkeys next season chiefly with
the Idea In view of having them range
over his orchard and keep this pest In
check. A number of newly set trees
In the writer's orchard are dead this
fall as a result of having the leaves
entirely stripped from them by grass
hoppers, while the damage done by
them to ripe apples has been consid
There are portions of the corn belt
where the chief topic of conversation
the past season touching this crop has
beepi the ravages of the corn root,
worm. A resident of such a locality
told us recently that In one field which
he examined early in September 50 per
cent of the stalks inspected were af
fected by the worm, while In another
It was found in all, although there was
no outward evidence of the presence
of the worm in every case. The only
remedy for this pest seems to be a sys
tematic crop rotation.
A leading eastern horticulturist is re
ported as saying that as long as the
orchard continues in a thrifty condition
and raises profitable crops It Is not in
need of fertilizers, but when the trees
show signs of Impoverishment then
something should bo dono. We do not
know of the standing of thl3 authority
in 'his home state, but it strikes one
that the time to fertilize the orchard la
before it begins to show signs of lack
of fertilizing. In other words, It Is bet
ter to keep the orchard from getting
sick than it is to restore It to normal
condition after It is run down.
There is no one of the faculties lri
children that should be more closely
watched by parents than that of the
eyesight. It is all too often the case
that defects which develop In the grow
ing child, accompanied by severe head
aches, are not given proper attention,
and as a result conditions which might
have been removed by providing prop
er glasses become permanent, entail
ing an expense and proving a handicap
from which one is never free. If the
child in the home complains of eye and
headache, there Is something the mat
ter, and the cause should be remove*}
as soon as possible.
We once heard of a real decent young
man—educated, too—who went to work
upon a farm during the hot, sticky sea
son. Naturally he was very tired and
dirty after working all day in the fl«aa.
He had been used In days past after
such exercise to relieve his feelings by
taking a bath and putting on fresh
clotblug, even though old. He thought
to do the same at this place. Having
secured the water, be sought for a
place of seclusion where he might use
It, but a large family and a small house
did not ease the situation. As a last re
sort be waited until dusk had enshroud
ed the place then he quietly slid out
behind the straw stack. "This Is a situa
tion too often to be contended with In
the farm home. It seems a pity not to
be able to keep clean when one is natu
rally Inclined that way.
Few people reailztf that bile quart ot
milk has the same nutritive value as
three-fourths of a pound of steak.
Many do not use milk as a food, but us
a drink. MS
This Is the time when you want to
get things snugged up ror winter. AH
water pipes used to convey water dur
ing the winter should be well covered
before the first cold blast oomes on.
When bees are kept for honey or flgr
work In the orchard they become as
property, and the owner Is responsible
for any damage done by them. This Is
necessary for the protection of the bees
as well as the neighbors,
Out in Arizona, where irrigation sup
plants rainfall, a good ten acre farm is
worth one ten times that size farther
east, and there Is Just about,one-tenth
as much civilization out there too. We
rarely find all the good things In one
Little trouble Is experienced In keep
ing the boy on the farm who wins sub
stantial prizes In corn growing con
tests. The success he attains in such
contests 1s all the evidence that is need
ed to prove that be is Interested In ag
riculture, and this, after all, is the bey
to the situation.
Some time before it freezes up a sup
ply of clean sand should be put in the
cellar In which to pack the Carrots,
turnips and other root crops of the
garden. Stored In this way they will
keep crisp and fresh for months and
come out In almost as good condition
as If taken from the garden,
If fish which contain too large a per
cent of oil, such as wtiiteflsh, lake
trout, etc., an objectionable feature to
some, are baked on a piece of clean
pine board, much of the oil will be ab
sorbed in cooking, while the woody
flavor which the fish will absorb from
the pine will give it a desirable taste.
As a rule, It is inadvisable to try to
raise a type of corn in the northern
part of the corn belt which one has to
reach above his chest to husk. Where
the stalks bear their ears higher than
this it not only causes Inconvenience In
husking, but Indicated a likelihood that
such corn does not mature sufficiently
early to escape the frost ..j.
Fowls as well as horses and cattle
need exercise. One way to give them
this is to make them do a little scratch
ing for a living—In other words, don't
place their food too conveniently or
pay too much attention to them. They
seem to know that they have a supper
time, and they stand around and Watt
Instead of getting out and doing a lit
tle scratching on their own account.
Otherwise they get dumpy and fall tJ
maintain a good healthy condition. ,:
There is much to be commended In
the plan followed by a good many
farmers in allowing the good wife to
have for her own all the money made
from the chickens and turkeys which
may be raised on the farm. If she
should get every cent of it, she would
be only getting what she has in nine
cases out of ten earned, but yet a
great deal less than she would be en
titled to under an equitable division
of the proceeds derived from the man
agement of the farm.
In vlpw of the fact that oat straw
If cut at the proper time and properly
stacked has a fodder value of about
one-third that of good timothy hay it Is
at once apparent that the careless meth
od which Is followed by many farmers
to stacking the straw and the subse
quent Indifferent way of utilizing It
Involve a definite and considerable
loss. In the case mentioned, as with
some other products of the farm', the
best use can be got from them only
when stock Is kept on the farm in gen
erous quantities.
Three things are to be considered in
permitting the Immigrant to come Into
our country. They are physique, desti
nation and the presenee or absence of
disease. Those of weak (^institutions
flock to the large cities, where they
herd together In the tenement, not only
polluting the already bad air, but also
aggravating the crowded and poverty
stricken conditions, while those of the
more rugged and hardy frames scatter
out over the broad and fertile prairies,
where they make homes and build
cities and become actual as well as
nominal citizens. The latter class are
not only welcomed, but encouraged to
locate within our borders.
Many things combine today to help
him who would till the soil and live
close to the heart of nature. Uncle
Sam is most generous in sending out
researches, reports and general in
formation alon£ agricultural lines, and
many there are who show their appre
ciation by the good use they make of
the knowledge sent out. Especially
valuable to the settler or to one who
contemplates settling In a new coun
try are the pamphlets descriptive of
soil, climate and general conditions
which are published. The information
thus furnished, if properly heeded,
might be the means of saving one a
bad move and expense, or, on the other
band, tt might lead to. a move which
would change one's condition from
poverty and debt to wealth and Infiu
r.«SiA!li.|/*..V'J!»iVi:l'cr«tu'^?\.,V4 iij
While the statement of the scientist
is to the effect that frosts have nothing
to do with the coloring of the autumn
leaves, it was very noticeable on the
22d day of September that, with no
frost to date, every bush and tree still
wore Its June-time dress of dark green.
While the leaf coloring }s doubtless
due to chemical changes In the leaf it
self, may It not be that frosts tend
superinduce these conditions?
While highly developed farm'.inn-'
•chinery has robbed harvest time" of
the bulk of its hard work and lin*
menseiy simplified its operations, their*
seems to have been lost i». this rapid
substitution of Inanimate machinery,
for human hands much of &e senti
ment which used to be attached to tha
old time harvest with Its service
praise and thanksgiving to ah all vrift*
God for his goodness In sending begpiv
tlful crops to cheer the tillers of Jth
soil. Sw.ti a service as the one meh
tloned is quaintly portrayed in Blade*
morq's *I,orna Doone," one of the ijji
est and sweetest stories of country Ufa
ever written. Here is narrated hrw,
when the grain was, ready to cotj a
procession composed of the leading
fatuiers of the neighborhood, each &<y
companled by the members of hi* fdm
lly, his hired men and maidens, and
led by the parson, wearing gown and
cassock, with the parish. Bible In his
band and a sickle strapped to his back,
matched to the field first to be cijt.
Here after the gate was opened tha
parson uttered a brief invocation and
read appropriate verses from the pa'
tsh Bible, after which he laid the Blbj
down and "three good swipes he cut tof
corn and laid them right end onward."
When this was done the proprietor^' of
the farm entered the field, and both
united In the following: "Thank tbo
Lord for all his mercies' and these tiiflt
first fruits of his hand." After a seo^
ond reading of the psalms by the'par*'
ish clerk the men with sickles begfen
the real harvest operations. Thus ths
work progressed, accompanied by
much feasting and drinking, until
evening, when there was a special har
vest supper. At its close ail joined
In the Exmoor harvest song, of which,
the following stanzas are the first
verse and its chorus:
The corn, oh, the corn 'tis the ripening
of the cornl .•
Go unto the door, my lad, and look be*
neath the moon.
Thou canst see, beyond the wood rlokj
how it Is' yelloon.
'Tis the harvesting of wheat, and the
barley must be shorn.
The corn, oh, the corn, and the yellowa
mellow corn!
Here's to the corn, with the cups upon
the board!
We've been reaping all the day, and we'll
reap again the morn
And fetcn it home to mow. yard, and
then we'll thank the Lord!
Similar verses dedicated to the wheat,
barley and oats are also sung, each
having a chorus of Its own. In such
manner centuries ago did these simji9
minded English folk, celebrate their
harvest time and render thanks for Its
A precaution that would save homo
seekers many trials and great lossjot,
time and money would be a..ea)!etQj!1E»"
vestlgatlon into the meteorological rec
ord of the new country, in whlch i^
contemplates settling—In other -weros,
the record of temperature and raiiaf^L
While there are rare Instances where
the temperature and rainfall of a coun
try may seem to have undergone a per
manent change, it is quite safe tQ as
sume that drought, beat- and
storms which may have prevailed
any portion of the country in the past
ay prevail again, and it is but exer*
sing good sense to count upon, a-in
currence of such conditions a* not only
within the limit of possibility, but,
likely. To be somewhat more explietti
we seriously question, even in view1 pit
an abundant rainfall for several years
past, the wisdom of settling In thoi|»
portions of the Dakotas,' Nebraska,
Kansas or Texas which lie west ot tlie
one hundredth meridian, commoiity
known as the agricultural dead line.
While the business of grazinghas been
and Is today conducted with profit wej&t'
of this line and while of late years, dtie
to abundant rainfall, tilled crops haye
gelded a good return, the raising of
them Involves too much risk, as., the
time Is almost sure to come, when tb^re
will be a repetition of the drought and
hot winds of past years, when settleft
will be compelled to abandbn their
holdings. In the matter of cllmiia
what has been, may be* again, and it Is
well to take this fact Into account. "j.
It is time now to think tf ttie4\i:lnt*r
care of the strawberry bed WfHle thia
is a very simple matter, It ift 'one th4t
should not be slighted. Since It 18 net
extreme cold, but thawing and treeing,
that kills the vines, the bed shouid net
be covered until the ground' has. bo&
solidly frozen, unless Indeed the Mow
should be very late In coming. Straw,
wild hay, leaves or any other litter that
does not contain weed sefds will an
swer the purpose. This should not be
put onto a greater depth than four cir
five Inches, Just enough to keep the
bed In cold storage through the winter.
While the scattered Utter Is ah inviting
place for them, your own and your
neighbors' hens should be kept ont^of
the 'bed so far as possible after it has
been put in shape for winter. We have
found oat straw the best covering^fbr
the strawberry bed, In that it does not
pack down too tight and yet Is not
easily displaced by the wind.
Many, families would be better off
If they subsisted more largely on
graham bread a^d apples and to a far
less degree oif fried pork and salera^us
biscuits. In addition to being plead
ing to the taste apples furnish In gen
erous amounts those elements which
the system needs, are conducive to
sleep, mildly laxative and from every
point of view wholesome arid bene
ficial as an Article of food. Instead 6f
skimping the children to one gnarly,
runty apple every other day Jtnqy
should be allowed to have all that they
can "eat up clean." The apple eatiny
habit'is one that should be cultivated
by old as veil as young. It is one of
the best ways of paying doctors' bllla

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