MILLIONS IN SKIM MILK
Dairy Products of Enormous
Value, but Farmers Are Not
Making Most of Them.
BY W. MILTON KELLY.
The value of the dairy by-products
v. of the country for one year amount
®SfbSto more than $50,000,000, according to
'gj^an estimate made by the Department
of Agriculture, and this is a very con
servative estimate. The item of dairy
^products, you can readily see, is one
jjj of vast importance and is well worthy
&|j,'::Of our careful attention and study.
Skim milk is by far the most impor
|j «tant by-product from the dairy and the
^iibeat adapted to varied and profitable
fiste uses. Skim milk as a human food is
unappreciated by most farmers, but
fe^it has been tested under various con
SfeKdltions by food experts and has proven
a useful portion of an every-day diet
for many people. The use of skim
milk ought to be encouraged and would
ai'jf result in finding city markets for a
liifei large amount of this valuable by-prod
A report from one of our leading col
leges contains the following: Skim
milk has all the protein and half of
the full value of the whole milk and
is in most localities the most econom
ical source of animal protein. The food
elements in skim milk are equal in
physiological value to those of meats
and are far less expensive.
As an "article to substitute for water
ill the preparation of various dishes, as
well as for others that are made main
ly of milk, there is no waste, but a
decided gain in food value. In making
bread skim milk will add to the weight
and nutritive value of the loaf. Used
in place of water sufficient flour may
be saved to pay for the milk and yet
produce a loaf of equal weight and of
more actual food value. Milk bread is
richer in fatty matter and superior in
flesh-forming elements, which is sci
entifically explained as being due to
the casein of milk being incorporated
With the fibrin of the flour.
The sale of skim milk to bakers and
confectioners should be encouraged and
is capable of being largely increased.
$ Used in this manner it may be made
V- to net the consumer $1 per cwt, or
more than a large per cent of the
farmers and dairymen realize for their
,v, whole milk.
*,/ As a food for domestic animals skim
milk occupies the most conspicuous
position of any foodstuff, especially as
a feed for young and growing animals.
The facts which seem to have been
proven by the various experiments are
1. Skim milk gives the best returns
when -fed to very young animals, con-
stitating the larger part of their ra
2. It is next best for animals making
rapid growth, but which need other
feed than milk, mainly of a carbona
3. Except for very young animals
skim milk gives the best returns when
used in combination with other foods,
4. No class of live stock will give
larger returns for skim milk than
poultry of various kinds.
At the New York experiment station
chickens were grown successfully on
a diet composed mainly of skim milk,
although they were allowed a run of
the fields during the time when they
were being fed this ration. It was
estimated that at the best, after al
lowing from 25 to 50 cents per cwt for
the skim milk and some other feed in
proportion, the cost of producing one
pound of live weight was less than 6
cents at the time when the birds
•weighed three pounds.
During this time the milk was fed
sweet, but it has been found equally
satisfactory when fed thick and lop
pered, and the waste is less in the lat
ter form. Many of the most practical
feeders believe that skim milk is
frorth from 50 cunts to $1 when fed
to turkeys and poultry.
If a premium were offered for the
most rapid gains in pig feeding, my
opinion would be that some man
skilled In feeding skim milk with other
foods would carry off the prize. Pro
fessor Henry of Wisconsin, without
doubt the highest living authority in
America on feeding domestic animals,
says the following regarding the value
of skim milk as food for swine:
"Skim milk has a value as a feed for
stockmen that is higher than merely
serving as a substitute for grain. All
of the constituents of milk are digesti
ble and this valuable by-product of the
creamery is rich in bone and blood
The writer held experiments in which
milk and other feeds were fed to pigs
for the purpose of ascertaining the ef
fect of these feeds on the muscle and
bone of the hogs. It was found by ac
tually testing the bones that milk made
the strongest bones of any feed that
Authorities seem to differ as to the
merits of sweet and sour milk as a
teed for swine, but my experience con
vinces me that either is desirable, but
the sudden change from sweet to sour
and from sour to sweet must be avoid
ed in feeding any kind of domestic ani
Calves appear to be the next in favor
as profitable consumers of skim milk,
and some feeders appear to think that
they can feed their skim milk to calves
and" derive more profits from it than
reeding it to swine, but this depends
•o a large extent upon the good qual
'tles of the animals that are being fed.
In feeding skim milk to calves 1
cent's worth of oilmeal will take the
place of a pound of butter fat that
has been removed from the milk. Be
sides, when the milk Is fed warm from
the separator It is better for the calves
than milk that Is cold and sour.
A young animal that is fed on skim
milk with mill feed or grains may be
made to weigh almost as much as one
of similar breeding and fed on whole
jnllk with tbe same kind of grains at
1 year of age.
Calves for veal may be started on
tatfiolo milk ani then gradually changed
onto skim milk and fed for a while
and then made ready for market by
feeding for a week or two on whole
milk to put on a smooth finish and
improve their sale.
In feeding skim milk to calves over
feeding is dangerous and must be
avoided. Calves arc more easily made
sick by being fed poor milk than pigs.
Skim milk has also been fed to lambs,
horses and colts with success.
Some dairymen feed it to their cows
pnd find it of more or less value. We
have fed it to our cows, mixed with
their grain, and think it could be
profitably used for that purpose if
there were no other animals to which
it could be fed.
Buttermilk ranks close to skim milk
in feeding value, but its physical con
dition requires that more care be ex
ercised in feeding it than required In
feeding skim milk.
As a stock food we have found but
termilk better adapted for pigs than
for any other animals, but would not
advise feeding it to very young pigs.
As a feed fcr swine our experience
has led us to believe that it Is about
the same feeding value as skim milk.
We would, however, prefer skim milk
on account of Its being less liable to
derange the animal's digestive system.
Whey is a by-.product from cheese
and possesses more or less feeding
value when fed to swine in a judicious
manner. Most of the feeders prefer
to feed it sweet.
Some experiments show that it Is of
about one-half the feeding value of
skim milk as a feed for calves, but
from our own experience we doubt the
truth of such an experiment.
THE FIRELESS COOKER
This cooker is becoming extremely
popular and they are being manufac
tured and sold at $8 for a single vessel
and $12 to $16 for larger sizes. They
can easily be made by any handy man
at practically no cost. Provide a
strong wooden box and place in the
center a vessel of the size desired.
This vessel should hold from 2 to 3
gallons and should be of heavy block
tin or good enameled ware, which is
better. First cover the bottom of the
box with a sheet of asbestos and on
top of that place a layer of hay packed
tightly. Then place the vessel in the
center of the box and pack It all
around closely with hay. This should
then be covered with heavy cloth in
order to keep the particles of hay from
falling into the vessel. On top of this
place a cushion 3 or 4 inches thick
stuffed with hay. The lid should close
tightly and be fastened with a clasp.
The cooker will be Improved if the
box is lined throughout with asbestos
before packing with hay, although thnt
is not absolutely necessary. Bring
meat, vegetables, cereals or other food
to a boil on the stove, then place in the
cooker, closing all down tight. The
food will be thoroughly cooked in from
six to eight hours. Cereals placed In
the cooker at night come out in the
morning cooked to a turn. The govern
ment is using these cookers for march
ing parties. The food is placed in the
vessels in the morning and when the
soldiers go into camp at night the
food is thoroughly cooked and can be
placed before the men iu a very short
PROFESSOR EUGENE DAVENPORT
Dean College of Agriculture, Univer
sity of Illinois.
Thomas Edison says he has invented
a dangerless electric motor which will
run a hundred miles without recharge
at the rate of twenty miles an hour
and that farmers living near electric
lines will find them better and cheaper
than the old-fashioned buggy.
The American Sunday School asso
ciation has offered a prize for the best
original article on "Christian Princi
ples In Our Rural Districts: How to
BEE STINGS AS MEDICINE
Poison Secreted by Insect Con
tains Formic Acid, Which
BY F. G. HEBMAN.
To all students of the common
honey bee the fact of their marvel
ously varied functions is well known.
The bee gathers honey, which it di
gests and stores. It gathers pollen
which it digests, regurgitates and
feeds to the brood and also the queen
and drones. They also gather propolis,
by means of which they glue their
combs to the hive and cover over of
fensive matter in the hive. They also
use this to stop up cracks and smooth
over rough places.
They secrete wax, which is very In
teresting in its make-up, transfer it
from the under side of their abdomen,
where it is secreted, to the mouth,
where it is kneaded and fashioned into
the most wonderful mechanism known
to the animal kingdom—the beautiful,
matchless honeycomb. Thus we see
the bees really perform a variety of
operations which are hardly excelled
even by man himself.
Yet there is still another product
which the honey bee furnishes to the
commercial world of which I wish to
speak particularly. As many know, the
worker bees of each colony are sup
plied with an organ which is of great
importance—namely, the sting. For
without- this weapon the hard-earned
stores of the hive would soon be a
prey to all manner of marauders.
The sting of the be^ is connected at
its base with the poison sack. Poison
glands pour an acid secretion into this
sack, whence it is conveyed to the tip
of the sting. Chemical tests have
shown that formic acid contains con
siderable medical as well as antisep
That bee stings as an article of med
icine are becoming more and more pop
ular with each succeeding year, espe
cially among homeopaths, is not to
be questioned. The properties of bee
poison are most wonderfully effective
in the human system.
I have for a number of years been
called upon to furnish this article to
the medical profession, and it is no
doubt startling to the reader to know
how bee stings can be made an article
of commerce. My first order, some
years ago, was for 20,000 bees to be
delivered alive in a large bottle.
To say that this order disturbed my
sleep for a night or two is putting the
matter rather mild. I wanted to fill
the order, but did not know how to
bottle the bees and keep them alive
during transportation. I finally de
cided to have made a large tin oblong
funnel, with a sliding gate in the tube.
The purpose of the gate is to prevent
the bees from crawling out when once
inside the bottle.
My method is to open a hive, find
the comb with the queen and set it
aside, then take as many of the other
combs as I desire from this particular
hive, and shake the bees into the fun
nel the gate is then closed while an
other hive is opened. The funnel of
ourse must fit into the mouth of the
,ottle and be made bee-tight to pre
vent those bees which are on the in
side from escaping.
After the bees were safely bottled
another difficulty arouse, and that was
the great danger of the bees suffocat
ing, for they seemed to fall to the bot
tom of the bottle and lie there like
so many beans, the side of the bottle
being too slippery for them to cling to.
I now make a post with several cross
•irms for the bees to cluster upon.
This permits the air to circulate all
around. the cluster and the bees are
able to stand a much longer period of
confinement. The mouth of the bot
tle is covered .with one or two thick
nesses of cheese cloth and the bees de
Hvered by messenger.
Sometimes I am instructed to make
the solution before shipping. This is
done by shaking the bees violently 'for
a minute or two after being bottled,
which process agitates them so that
they become enraged and extend their
stings, when immediately a quantity
of alcohol is poured over them. The
bottle is then tightly corked and paraf
fined and delivered.
FROM THE FARMER'S WINDOW
The farmer's window Is a good place
from which to look over the world.
The opinion we form of matter and
things depends very much upon the
point of view we occupy. The valley
is not the best place to take far looks
at the world. Often the fog hangs
over everything there. Mist settles
about objects, hiding the prospect. But
climb the hilltop and we get a better
view. Then we are above the fog and
the mists everything stands out In
The farmer of the present time holds
a. high position in the world. From
this nositian Vi» js qjjple i««ir out
and see beyond the range of vision of
other men. He has more time to think
about what he sees, too. There Is less
of noise and confusion. Estimates
formed in the quiet of the farmhouse
are more apt to be correct than when
made in the hurry and bustle of the
hot. unnatural life of the city.
As the farmer turns his eyes out
ward from his window he sees some
things he is sorry for. Grave prob
lems present themselves, and yet there
are many things to make the heart
glad. On the whole this is a good
world. There is more of good than
bad in it. And it is the work of the
farmer, by every means in his power,
to increase the good and do away with
the bad, as far as possible, thus mak
ing the world better and happier.
Past the farmer's window runs a
good, clean, smooth public highway.
As we waich ihe procession passing
over this fine thoroughfare the mind
runs back to the rough corduroy roads
that were the first roads of the coun
try. We have outlived the day when
we traveled by the mark of the ax on
the trees along our route. The change
has come gradually and it has been a
costly thing, costly in money and cost
ly in good, hard work, but the change
SIX JERSEY COWS
Six Jersey cows bred by the Missouri station at Columbia. These cows average 16.6 pounds of butter per week.
They show enormous capacity for feed and are therefore ideal milkers.
has come. But there is much we have
to learn yet about roads. The wise
men of the nation are beginning to pay
some attention to the subject, and it
is high time they did, for our laws re
lating to the highways are very chao
tic. In some places the expense of
building and maintaining a public
thoroughfare is borne by farmers
grouped in districts. Some states have
made it possible for the work to be
done by money tax. Instead of by days'
work, as in the beginning. Some other
states are assuming part of the ex
pense in constructing the highways.
None of these ways are satisfactory,
and surely the lack of uniformity is
highly undesirable. There is a grow
ing feeling that our highways are
more than neighborhood lines of travel
that they are national thoroughfares
and as such should be built and main
tained by the general government.
Those who hold this opinion point to
the millions on the back of millions
which have been spent to Improve the
rivers and harbors of the country. If
the waterways of the United States are
charged upon the public treasury, why
not the great highways that run across
the country, a mighty network for the
country to do its business over? The
question is a fair one and w-ill have to
be answered soon. Congress has al
ready studied the problem a little and
will think about it still further when
pressed to do It by public sentiment.
Still another system of travel sweeps
past the farmer's window, and this
time it is the great Iron highway, with
its breath of fire and its noise of thun
der. Following it the eye turns away
to the great Northwest Territory,
where lines are projected to the far
Pacific coast and northward as far as
Hudson's bay. What a change the
building of these lines will work for
the farmers not only of Canada but of
the whole world! The farmers of the
United States have been feeling the
impulse of the drift toward the north
west for a couple of years. But this
will only be a drop in the bucket com
pared to the exodus which will in all
likelihood take place when these new
lines of railway' have opened up the
great reaches of good farming lands
that lie in the direction traversed by
them. How will that influx of popula
tion affect the production of wheat and
other grains? Will it bring the price
of those crops down? Will our own
vast grainlands In the west be aban
doned? This question may be answered
in part by the figures sent out by the
immigration bureau from day to day.
As long as thousands upon thousands
are hurrying westward in search of
homes, there Is no need for us to wor
ry about the grain-growing capacity
of the United States.
Sometimes we have been afraid that
the mighty influx of immigration into
this country would sweep our nation
away from its moorings. Past the
farmer's window in an endless stream
they go—men from the north of Eu
rope, men from the troubled homes of
Russia, men of dark faces from the hot
countries of southern Europe. What
will become of us If this tide keeps
up? We ask the question and find no
answer. There can be none until time
has worked out the problem. But if
we keep close watch upon the character
of the men who come, shutting out
every one who does not come with
honest purpose, we need not be dis
turbed over the result. We can take
care of every man and woman who
really wants to make a home with us.
All th* rest ought to be sent back. No,
what would be better—they should be
kept back on the other side of the sea.
This we are trying to do. We are suc
ceeding more and more.
The broomcorn harvest of central
Illinois last year produced material for
about 18,000,000 brooms. Oklahoma
turned out about 25,000,000 of a coars
er quality and Kansas about 5,000,000.
The latter state raises nearly all the
broomcorn u§ed in whisk brooms.
ADVICE IS 35 YEARS OLD
What a Writer in the Early Days
Thought About Poul
The writer has been more or less
interested .« poultry for the past thir
ty-flve years, and has in his possession
literature that dates back to that
It is indeed interesting to know, in
these times of changes and Improve
ments, that the advice given at that
early date was generally very sensible,
and much of it has not been changed
at the present day.
Here are a few extracts from a jour
nal long since defunct:
Farmers who cannot by any of the
means adopted prevail upon their hens
to lay in the winter seasQn, when eggs
are generally scarce and command high
prices, are advised to try what virtue
there is in milk. The experiment has
been successfully tried in Connecti
cut, and if successful there why not
in Pennsylvania or any other state?
After all is said and done in regard
to fattening fowls, it is doubtful
whether there is any better food for
this purpose than sweet cornmeal.
Feed it frequently during the day, not
less than four or five times, begin
ning early in the morning and giving
the last as near roosting time as pos
sible. Give only as much as the fowls
will eat with a relish. Feed it raw,
not ground too fine, and moistened with
a little water.
Brahmas are hardy, stand the cold
well, are remarkably exempt from dis
eases at all ages, are good winter lay
ers, and, what Is of the utmost Im
portance, their chickens can be raised
with a less percentage of loss from
sickness or feebleness than any other
blooded breed whatever.
The droppings of the hen roost are
among the best fertilizers that ac
cumulate on the farm. They are fully
equal to the best Peruvian guano. Be
ing too powerful to be used alone, they
should be composed in the proportion
of two parts of good soil or mulch to
one of the droppings. Thus prepared
it will be found almost invaluable for
any crop, especially strawberries. We
would therefore ask the farmer who
permits his fowls to roost on trees,
fences, plow handles, wagons, etc., sub
jecting them to accident and disease,
and of course wasting their valuable
droppings! whether it would not be a
profitable investment to build a com
fortable henhouse? Think the matter
over, at your leisure.
We sold this day sixteen dozen eggs
for $8. These eggs were from forty
five laying hens in the last week.
These were hatched out last March
their quarters are above ground, light,
dry and airy, sheltered by houj/e, barn
and high board fence, from all winds
except south and southwest. Their
food is a variety at break of day a
warm mess of five parts shorts, one
part meal at noon meat of any kind,
with a little tallow of some kind
chopped fine at night corn, no more at
either meal than they will eat greedily.
We keep by them all the time pure
water (warm very cold mornings),
slaked lime, ground oyster shells, oats,
cabbage, wood ashes, dry sand and
We don't believe in keeping hens
over, except a few choice fowls to
We dqn't believe in hens hatched
after April we believe in having plen
ty of eggs from the middle of October
during the months following when eggs
We are not particular as to breed,
cxcept that we want large, lively hens.
We change cocks every year and look
for good-sized, smart fellows.
We love our hens, keep their houses
clean, and save their droppings as the
best fertilizer on the farm.
ART IN CULTIVATING CORN
I think not many farmers realize the
value of the main roots of corn or the
nature of the growth. One summer
discovered that the roots of some of
my corn six weeks old were as long
as the stalks, and they spread out five
or six inches in all directions beneath
the surface. In the first cultivation I
hold the shovels as closely as possible
to the young hills of corn and allow
them to go down five inches or more in
order to loosen the dirt and permit the
air to freely circulate in the soil.
After the first plowing I use my sur
face riding cultivators with four blades,
two on each side of the row, about
twenty inches long and three inches
wide, that skim under the surface
about two Inches, and behind the blades
is a drag which Is held at a proper
angle by a stiff spring. This drag
should be so set as to level the ground
and at the .same..time..It., will, pull to
the surface and leave exposed to the
sun all weeds that been cut oft by
the knives two inches below. The cut
ting of the weeds below the surface
will destroy the roots and the tops be
ing left on the surface will soon dry
out and die.
I don't believe any general rule can
be drawn as to how many times corn
should be cultivated other than to say
again good judgment should- be used,
according to condition of season and
soil. Sometimes it is only necessary
to cultivate three times at other times
we must go through the fourth, and In
extreme cases I put men into the field
with single horse and a small five to
eight toothed surface cultivator after
the corn is well in the tassel. This
latter would occur during an extreme
ly dry year.
I am not favor of ridging corn
with our central Illinois prairie soil
when laying corn by. Instead prefer to
have my surface plow blades set at an
angle so they will barely throw a light
covering into the hills, which may
cover up any small weeds, but not to
make what one would call a ridge. I
can see no object in ridging, for at
laying-by time th^ corn roots form a
complete network from one row to the
other and the center of the rows needs
protection as well as the hill.—Eugene
Funk, Bloomington, 111.
SELECTING A GOOD FEEDER
A great deal of good corn is wasted
In feeding leggy steers. In selecting
feeders pick out the animal whose
body Is close to the ground. He should
be as nearly as possible in the shape
of an oblong block. If he is narrow
in front and wide behind it shows that
he is of a dairy breed and will not take
on flesh rapidly. The picture here
with is that of a steer fed with twenty
'five others last year and was the only
one in the lot which made no profit for
the owner. Observe his long legs and
narrow hindquarters. Avoid all such
A GREAT WEED KILLER
This harrow is designed for cultivat
ing corn and other crops just before
the plants are up, or while they are
young. By removing the center teeth
it will straddle a corn row and cover
every inch of the ground thoroughly.
The material used should be 3x3 inches
and the teeth should be set to stand
backward at an angle of about 45 de
grees. They should be square and set
diagonally so that the sharp edge will
come in front.
The real Irish shamrock has been
discovered growing in its native con
dition within the limits of New York.
Many people are sure that the sham
rock is the wood sorrel, while many
others claim that it Is white clover.
There are those who deny that St.
Patrick used the shamrock as the sym
bol of the Trinity, and declare that
the watercress is the real thing.
The little town of Cannon City, Col.,
shipped over $500,000 worth of apples
last year. The fruit growers of that
section supplied the market with
strawberries all through September
and October and In some cases ship
ments were made for the Thanksgiving
A company of New Orleans men has
been formed for the development of
18,000 acres of land In the lower coast
section. It will all be planted in
oranges and garden truck.
Each student leaving the Northern
Minnesota School of Agriculture will
be given a quart of No. 13 red corn
and one apple, tree,
GET BETTER THINGS TO EAT
Uncle Sam is Forcing Manty
facturers to Live Up to De
mands of Food Law.
It is good news that Dr. Wiley *1
the Agricultural Department is send
ing out regarding the operations of the
pure food law. .He declares that
per cent of all manufacturers of and
dealers In foods, drinks and drugs
are supplying pure goods to their cus
tomers and labeling them correctly.
When the pure food law was pro
posed dishonest manufacturers sent up
a pitiful wall that the business would
be destroyed, but Dr. Wiley insists that
this was pure buncombe and that no
disturbance has resulted. On the con
trary, In many cases where manufac
turers have been compelled to label
their products to show exactly what
they are the volume of business has .In
creased amazingly. People who wero
afraid to eat stuff that was shrouded
in mystery now buy It because the
label shows exactly what It Is.
The great majority of manufactur
ers and dealers are absolutely honest,
and therefore the law did not affect
them at all, so it has proved to be a
good thing all around.
The only people who are really try
ing to oppose the law are the meb
who make rectified whisky and thosa
who use chemical preservatives in the
preparation of foods and the makers
of artificial or imitation flavors and
As nobody Is obliged to drink whisky
there is really no need for alarm In
that quarter, but the government is
prosecuting the dishonest manufac
turers with such vigor that there is
good reason for the hope that we may
in time even get pure whisky—if we
The government has been extremely
active in prosecuting drug manufac-,
turers, and the mails have been re
fused to a large number of fake prep
arations. It has been found that in
many cases the percentage of alcohol,'
cocaine or opium stated on the label
does not correspond with the quantity:
found in the preparations, and hun
dreds of cases have been prosecuted.
Dr. Wiley is confident that the year:
1908 will witness very few violations
of the law because manufacturers and
dealers now understand that the gov-i
ernment is in deadly earnest in this
matter, and that if they offer for sale!
products harmful to health or incor
rectly labeled, even if they are not
harmful, they must suffer the pen
For all of this the great American
people are thankful.
NUBBINS OF FAflM NEWS
Samuel and David Lynn, father and
son, farmers of Buchanan county, Mis
souri, are accused of having shot out
the eyes of Mrs. Mollie Seamour, the
daughter of Samuel Lynn, in la, quar
rel. The blind woman made a pitiful
spectacle in court, but her father and
brother seemed unmoved.
The honey produced in the United
States last year would load a string
of freight cars from Chicago to New
York. "This is certainly sweetness
long drawn out."
Boy hunters in Lee county, Illinois,
turned in 512 crows in one month and'
received a bounty of 10 cents' for each
head. They also produced the scalps
of 142 ground hogs at the same time.
At a rabbit hunt between the town'?
and country boys at Stafford, Kan,
the town boys got 445 and the country|
boys 458. There were twenty guns on
each side and the wager was a suppei
for the entire crowd.
So many citizens of Chicago have,
gone into the chicken business that an
ordinance has been recently passed by.
the city council forbidding the fowls
to be rstls&d within fifty feet of a
dwelling and providing for the licens
ing of fowl raising and the sanitarj
inspection of coops, roosts and nests.
Boston bean lovers will be interested
to know that the Michigan crop was BfL
per cent of a full yield last year, but
there are still about 4,000,000 bushels
available for consumption. This will
be sufficient to hold us all- for a while,
The Chicago butter and egg board" la
now undertaking to educate house
wives so they may tell the difference
between real butter and butterine.
This is believed to be in the interest
of pure butter producers.
Charles H. Easily has 160 acres 61'*
fruit near Golden, Col., and has real
ized over $60,000 from cherries along^
during the past fifteen years. ?f.'
It is estimated that 1.500.000 fruit
trees will be set out in the Yakima
valley next spring.
PRUNING STRAWBERRY PLANTS 1
When you receive your strawberrj
plants prune the roots as shown In tha
picture before setting out.
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