•J ANY ITCHING SKIN DISEASE.
Whether it is Eczema, Itch. Hives or
the result of poison ivy can be rapidly
gp relieved by a faithful use of
'-.Relieves pain draws out poison pre
vii vents swelling, cleans, heals, banishes
yg'the smarting, burning pain. You can
r* do without it if you use it once, Get it
ifei 'fmm your druggist now for 25 cents or
l-O-DO MEDICINE CO. Davenport, la
For prices and information write
OTTUMWA BRICK &
Subscribers wishing theJr addrMl'
eAangwl will please give tho name
Postoffle* to which the paper ha»
been cent well a th® Postofllce
where tlM7 julrt It to JM cb«ing*o ta
LOCAL NEWS ITEMS
Pi-om Saturday's Daily.
Kodak supplies. Sargent's.
fZeashaiti sells the best watchea.
Flinch cards, 50c. Sargent's.
Miss May Robinson 617 West
'"Fourth street, left yesterday for Des
Moines to attend the state fair.
Mrs. Blanche Merkelback, 219 West
Woodland avenue, and Miss Leora
Woods of Oskaloosa, left for Oska
loosa yesterday where Miss Merkel
back wll lattend school.
Mrs. J. Henderson of Oskaloosa, re
,' turned home yesterday after visiting
at the J. R. Seybert home, 204 Ot
Miss Mamie O'Connor of Eddyville
v'' has returned home after visiting
at the home of Mrs. John Huston, 118
Horlick's malted milk. Sargent's.
Mrs. A. Chatman and daughter, Miss
Mildred, of Des Moines have returned
home after visiting Mrs. M. Sigel, 510
East Main street.
Miss Mabel Carlson of Blakesburg
has returned home after visiting Miss
Florence Issacson, 340 West Woodland
Mrs. C. Evans and children of
Fountain Pen Sale
We have just received one
gross of fountain pens of a
reliable make, each and
every one sold under a pos
itive guarantee to give ab
solute satisfaction or be re
placed with a new one any
time. The regular price of
these pens is $1.50. For this week
only we will make a special price of
complete with safety clip, to pre
vent losing it.
A fountain pen selected from
this assortment would be indis
pensable to anyone in business life
—an every day necessity.
Come in and try one of these
pens while the assortment is com
plete. All different sizes of points
to suit your own particular taste.
113 East Main St.
Seymour returned home last evening
after a visit with Mrs. David Clemens,
120 Vernon avenue.
Mrs. A. T. Carlson, of Fairfield, has
returned home after visiting Mrs. E.
W. Kreiner, 108 Dare street.
Victor talking machines, $10 to
Mrs. C. A. Engish and daughter
Miss Alta. 620 North Court street, left
for Farmington last evening.
Mrs. F. L. Utter, '724 West Fourth
street, has gone to Tracy to visit
friends and relatives.
Mrs. Edward Jones, of Eldon was
shopping in the city yesterday.
Mrs George Luke, of Avery has re
turned home after visiting friends
in the city.
C. F. Rauscher is a business visitor
in Keosauqua today.
Miss Alberta Payne, of Oskaloosa,.
returned home last evening after
visiting at the Vance home, 439 North
All the leading stock and poultry
Miss Nellie Vee Richards, 507 West
Fourth street, left for Centerville last
Mrs. E. K. Clark of Seymour has re
turned home after a visit with Mrs.
L. B. Goldsberry, 214 North Marion
Mrs. W. Y.'Coombs, 198 East Maple
avenue, left yesterday for Keosauqua,
to visit relatives and friends.
Mrs. H. Kelly and daughter, Miss
Laura, of Keokuk, have returned home
after visiting with Mrs. B. W. RinKel,
1613 Locust street.
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Lindsey of Keo
kuk, returned home yesterday, after
visiting with Mrs. W. H. Baxter, 126
Mrs. S. E. Latimer, Mrs. Carrie Gra
ham and George Newcomb of Bloom
field, visited with Miss Lulu Ryder, 327
West Woodland avenue, en route to
Juen's pocketbooks and pocket
knives at Sargent's.
Frank Reno, teller in the Ottumwa
National bank, left yesterday for Web
ster City and Iowa Falls, where he
will join Mrs. Reno and spend his two
Miss Alice Phillips of Hannibal, Mo.,
is visiting her aunt, Mrs. J. F. Madden,
218 North Green street.
Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Wright and
daughter, Miss Gladys, have returned
to their home in Eldon after a short
visit in the city.
Mrs. C- D. Parson of Mt. Union left
for New London after a short visit
with friends in the city.
(Continued From Page 1.)
clouded by the murk of furious popu
lar passion, the vision of the best and
bravest is dimmed. Looking back, we,
arc all of us now able to do justice to'
the valor and the disinterestedness
and the love of the right, as to each it
was given to gee the right, shown both
by the men of the north and the men
of the south in that contest which was
finally decided by the attitude of the
west. We can admire the heroic valor,
the sincerity, the self-devotion shown
alike by the men who wore the blue
and the men who wore the gray and
our sadness that such men should
have had to fight one another is tem
pered by the glad knowledge that ever
hereafter their descendants shall be
found fighting side by side, struggling
in peace as well as in war for the up
lift of their common country, all alike
resolute to raise to the highest pitqh
of honor and usefulness the nation to
which they all belong. As for the
veterans of the Grand Arpiy of the
Republic, they deserve honor and rec
ognition such as is paid to no other
citizens of the republic for to them
the republic owes its all, for to them
it owes its very existence.
Applies Lesson to Today.
I do not speak of this struggle of
the past merely from the historic
standpoint. Our interest is primarily
in the application today of the les
sons taught by the contest of half a
century ago. It is of little use for, us
to pay lip loyalty to the mighty men
of the past unless we sincerely en
deavor to apply to the problems of tha
present precisely the qualities whir'
in other crises enabled the men of
that day to meet these crises. It Is
half melancholy and half amusing to
see the way in which well-meaning
people gather to do honor to the men
who, in company with John Brown,
and under the lead of Abraham Lin
coln, faced and solved the great prob
lems of the nineteenth century, while
at the same time these same good
people nervously shrink from or fran
tically denounce those who are trying
to meet the problems of the twentieth
in the spirit which was accountable
for the successful solution of the prob
lems of LIncoln't time.
Lincoln on Human Rights.
Of that generation of men, to whom
we owe so much, the man to whom
we owe the most is, of course, Lin
coln. Part of our debt to him is be
cause he farecast our present, struggle
and saw the way out. He said:
"I hold that while man exists it is
his duty to improve not only his own
condition but to assist in ameliorating
mankind." And again, "Labor is prior
to and independent of capital capital
is only the fruit of labor, and could
never have existed but for labor. La
bor is the superior of capital and de
serves much the higher consideration.
Capital has its rights which are as
worthy of protection as any other
rights! Nor should this lead to
a war upon the owners of property.
Property is the fruit of labor prop
erty is desirable is a positive good in
the world. Let not him who is house
less pull down the house of another,
but let him work diligently and build
one for himself, thus by example
showing that his own shall be safe
from violence when built." It seems
to me that in these words Lincoln
tool* substantially the attitude that we
ought to take he showed the proper
sense of proportion in his relative
estimates of capital and labor, of hu
man rights and property rights. Above
Hits Special Privileges.
In every wise struggle for human
betterment one of the main objects,
and often the only object, has been to
achieve in larger measure equality of
One of the chief factors in progress
is the destruction of special privilege.
The essence of any struggle for
healthy liberty has always been and
must always be to take from some one
man or class of men the right to enjoy
power, or wealth, or position, or im
munity. which has not been earned
by service to his or their fellows.
At many stages in tbe advance of
humanity this conflict between the
men who possess more than they have
earned and the men who have earned
more than they possess is the central
condition of progress. In our day it
appears as the struggle of free men
to gain and hold the right of self
government as against the special in
terests, who twist the methods of free
government into machinery for de
feating the popular will.
Stands For Square Deal.
I stand for the square deal. But
when I say that I am for the square
deal I mean not merely that I stand
for fair play under the present rules
of 'the game, but that I stand for hav
ing those rules changed so as to wor.:
for more substantial equality of op
portunity, anfl of reward for equally
This means that our governments,
national and state, must be freed
from the simister influence or control
of special interests, exactly as the
special interests of cotton and slavery
threatened our political integrity be
fore the civil war, so now the great
special business interests too often
control and corrupt the men and
methods of gDvernment for their own
profit. We must drive the special in
terests out of politics. That is one of
our taskB today. Every special in
terest is entitled to justice—full, fair,
and complete—but not one is entitled
to a vote in congress, a voice on the
bench, or to representation in any
all in this speech, as in many others.' of making tariffs which have hitherto
he taught a lesson in wise kindliness
and charity an indispensable lesson to
us of today. But this wise kindliness
and charity never weakened his arm
or numbed his heart. We cannot af
ford weakly to blind ourselves to the
actual conflict which faces us today.
The issue is joined, and we must fight
public office. The constitution guar
antees protection to property, and we
must make that promise good. But
it does not give the right of suffrage
to any corporation.
Co-operations in Politics.
The true friend of property, the true
conservative, is he who insists that
property shall be the servant and not
the master of the commonwealth who
insists that the creature of man's maki
ing shall be the servant and not the
master of the man who made' it. The
citizens of the United States must ef
fectively control the mighty commer
cial forces which they have themselves
called into being.
There can be no effective control of
corporations while their political ac
tivity remains. To put an end to it
will be neither a short nor an easy
task, but it can be done.
We must have complete and effec
tive publicity of corporate affairs, so
that the people may know beyond
peradventure whether the corpora
tions obey the law and whether their
management entitles them to the con
fidence of the public. It is necessary
that laws should be passed to prohibit
the use of corporate fundrf directly or
indirectly for political purposes it is
still niore necessary that such laws
should be throughly enforced. Cor
porate expenditures for political pur
poses, and especially such expendi
tures by public service corporations,
have supplied one of the principal
sources of corruption in our political
Physical Valuation of Roads.
It has become entirely clear that we
must have government/ supervision of
the capitalization not only of public
service corporations including partic
ularly railways, but of all corporations
doing an inter-state business. I do
not wish to see the nation forced into
ownership of the railways if it can
possibly be avoided, and the only al
ternative is through-going and ef
fective regulation, which shall be
based on a full knowledge of all the
facts, including a physical valuation of
the property. This physical valuation
is not needed, or at least is very rarely
needed, for fixing rates but it is need
ed as the basis of honest capitaliza
We have come to recognize that
franchises should never be granted
limited time, and never
without proper provision for compen
sation to the public. It is my per
sonal belief that the same kind an
degree of control and supervision
which should be exercised over public
service corporations should be ex
tended also to combinations which
control necessaries of life, such as
meat, oil and coal, or which deal In
them on an important scale.
I believe that the officers, and es
pecially the directors, of corporations
should be held personally responsible
when any corporation breaks the law.
Control of Corporations.
Combinations in industry are the
result of an .imperative economic law
which cannot be repealed by political
legislation. The effort at prohibiting
all combination has substantially
failed. The way out lies not In at
tempting to prevent such combina
tions, but, in completely controlling
them in the Interest of the public wel
fare. For that purpose the federal
bureau of corporations is an agency
of the first importance. Its power and
therefore its efficiency, as well as that
of the inter-state commerce com
mission, should be largely increased.
We have a right to expect from the
bureau of corporations and from the
inter-state commerce commission a
very high grade of public service. We
should be as sure of the proper con
duct of inter-state railways and the
proper management of inter-state
business as we are now sure of the
conduct and management of the na
tional banks. The Hepburn act, and the
amendment to that act In the shape
in which it finally passed congress at
the last session, represent a long step
in advance and we must go yet fur
For Tariff Commission.
There is a widespread belief among
our people that, under the methods
obtained, the special interests are too
influential. Probably this is true of
both the big interests and the little
interests. These methods have put a
premium on selfishness, and n%turall^
the selfish big interests have gotten
more than the selfish small interests.
The duty of congress is to provide a
method by which the interest of the
whole people shall be all that receives
consideration. To this end there must
be an expert tariff commission, wholly
removed from the possibility of po
litical pressure or of improper busi
ness influence. Such a commission
can find out the real difference be
tween cost of production, which is
mainly the difference of labor cost
here and abroad. As.fast as its rec
ommendations are made. 1 believe in
revising one schedule at a time. A
general revision of the tariff almost In
evitably leads to log-rolling, and the
subordination of the general public in
terest to local and special interests.
Xo man should receive a dollar un
less that dollar has been fairly earned.
Every dollar received should represent
dekar's worth of strvic« icndered.
The really big fortune, the swollen
fortune, by the mere fact of its size,
acquires qualities which differentiate
it in kind as well as In degree from
what is possessed by men of rela
tively small means. Therefore I be
lieve in a graduated income tax on big
fortunes, and in another tax which is
far more easily collected and far more
effective—a graduated inheritance tax
on big fortunes, properly safeguarded
against evasion, and increasing rapidly
in amount with the size of the estate.
Workmen's Compensation Acts.
Nothing is more true than that ex
cess of every kind is followed by re
action a fact which should be pon
reformer and reactionary
alike. We are face to race with new
conceptions of the relations of prop
erty to human welfare chiefly because
certain advocates of the rights of
property as against the rights of men
have been pushing their claims too
far. The man t.u wrongly holds *hat
every human right is secondary to his
prc.fit must now give way to the ad
vocate of human welfare, who rightly
maintains that every man holds his
property subject to the general right
of the community to regulate its use
to whatever degree the public welfare
may require it. But I think we may
go still further. The right to regulate
the use of wealth in the public
interest is universally admitted. Let
us admit also the right to regulate the
terms and conditions of. labor, which
is the chief element of wealth, directly
in the interest of the con mon good.
The fundamental thing to do for
every man is to give him the chance
to reach a place in which he will make
the greatest possible contribution to
tha nuhlic welfars. No man can be a
good citizen unless he has a wage
more than sufficient to cover the bare
cost of living, and hours of labor short
enough so that after his day's work
is done he will have time and energy
to bear his share In the management
of the community to help In carrying
the general load. We keep countless
men from being good citizens by the
condition of life with which we sur
round them. We need comprehensive
workmen's compensation acts, both
state and national laws to regulate
child labor and the work of women,
and especially w£ need in our com
mon schools not merely education In
book learning but also practical train
ing for daily life and work. We need
to enforce better sanitary conditions
for our workers, and to extend the use
of safetv appliances in industry and
commerce both within and between
the states. Also, friends, in the in
terest of the workingman himself we
need to set our faces like flint against
mob violence just as against corporate
greed: against violence and injustice
and lawlessness by wageworkers just
as much as against lawless cunning
and greed and selfish arrogance of
Character Ahead of Dividends.
I believe in shaping the ends of
government to protect property as
well as human welfare. Normally, and
in the long run, the ends are the same,
but whenever the alternative, must be
faced I am for men and not for prop
erty. I am far from underestimating
the importance of dividends, but I
rank dividends below human charac
ter. I know well that the reformers
must not bring upon the people eco
nomic ruin, or the reforms themselves
will go down in the ruins. But we
must be ready to face temporary dis
aster. whether or not brought on by
those who will war against us to the
knife. Those who oppose all reform
will do well to remember that ruin in
its worst form is inevitable if our
national life brings us nothing better
than swpllen fortunes for the few and
the triumph in both politics and busi
ness of a sordid and selfish material
The Primary and Campaign Fund.
If our political institutions were per
fect. they would absolutely prevent
the political domination of money in
any part of our affairs. We need to
make our political representatives
more quickly and sensitively respon
sive to the people whose servants
they are. More direct action by the
people in their own affairs under
proper safeguards is vitally necessary.
The direct primary is a step in this
direction if it is associated with a cor
rupt practices act effective to prevent
the advantage Of the man willing
recklessly and unscrupulously to spend
money over his more honest compet
itor. It is particularly important that
all moneys received or expended for
campaign purposes should be publicly
accounted for not only after election
but before election as well. Political
v' A r-
We Wish Every Young Couple
About to Furnish a Home
Would Drop In And See Us
We would like mighty well to have the pleasure of serving you—
We know we can serve you best.
Not thinking for a single moment that we are the only house
furnishing store in Ottumwa, but knowing that we area different
Different because our goods are all marked in plain figures, one
price to you, to everyone—a store filled with goods of quality, reas
onably priced,—a store where every customer's satisfaction is the
We area different store, the sort of a store you will Hker—and
where investigation will prove to you that investing your furniture
and housefurnishing dollars at Hall-Ekfelts is mighty profitable.
Won't You come and investigate?
We Pay Railroad Fare or Allow Freight
As Per Rules of Merchants Association.
Hall-Ekfeh Furniture Co.
Homes Completely Furnished.
action must be made simpler, easier,
and freer from confusion for every
citizen. I believe that the prompt re
moval of unfaithful or incompetent
public servants should be made easy
and sure in whatever way experience
shall show to be most expedient In any
given class of cases.
Sees Moral Awakening. ,v
One of the fundamental necessities
in a representative government such
as ours is to make certain that the
men to whom the people delegate
their power shall serve the people by
whom they are elected, and not the
special interests. I believe that every
national officer, elected or appointed,
should be forbidden to perform any
service or receive any compensation
directly or indirectly from inter-state
corporations: and a similar provision
could not fail to be useful within the
The object of government is the
welfare of the people. The material
progress and prosperity of a nation
are desirable chiefly so far as they
lead to the moral and material welfare
of all good citizens. Just in propor
tion as the average man and woman
are honest, capable of sound judgment
and high ideals, active in public af
fairs—but first of all sound in their
home life, and the father and mother
of healthy children—just so far and
no farther we may count our civiliza
tion a success. We must have—1 be
lieve we have already—a genuine and
permanent moral awakening, without
which no wisdom of legislation or'ad
ministration really means anything
and. on the other hand, we must try
to secure the social and economic leg
islation without which any improve
ment due to purely moral agitation is
necessaryily evanescent. What we need
is good citizens. Good citizenship
means progress: and therefore all
good citizens should stand for pro
gress, and must be progressive.
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Foster left Tues
day evening for Des Moines to attend
T. 13. Cameron spent Sunday at the
home of John Redenbow east of
Mrs. Susan Losey returned home
from Nafonee Nebraska where she
went Aug 18 to take care of husband
E. B. Losey who died Aug. 16.
J. G. Smith of Monterey was a busi
ness caller In West Grove Monday.
Those who atended the chautauqua
at Bloomfield during the yast week
were H. J. Southern, R. W. Berge an-1
wife, Lenor^ Robinson, Louis Robinson
C. K. Gleason, Mr. and Mrs. Guy
Abe White has bought a new auto
Parker Bros, purchased a new auto
Saturday. This makes four new autos
for West' Grove this
J-r ."W. ,•'.•! ..•.'#•*.•."4.
FISH BONE IN
WATERLOO PHYSICIAN REMOVES
BONE ONE AND ONE-HALF.
.jAJfejCH LONG. yff
Waterloo, Aug. '31.—What is regard
ed by local physicians and some re
siding at a distance, as being a most
remarkable case is that of a recent op-,
eration performed on Frank O. Rick-'
ert, 136 Quincy street, for the removal
of a fish bone from the lower portion'
of the large intestines. It wag not
known, however, when the operation,
was undertaken-by three Waterloo''
physicians at the hospital three weeks^
ago that a fish bone one and one-half
inches in length. was the cause of the'
severe pains in that part of the abdo
For ten days before his removal to
the hospital Mr. Rickert suffered
death almost. The doctors were puz
zled how to diagnose the case. As a last'
resort it was decided to operate up
on him. When the abdomen wa d"
opened there lay a large fish bone.
It had perforated the bowels in sev
eral places and death seemed Immi
nent. This was extracted and since
then the patient has continued to im
prove. He was removed to his home
yesterday and every indication, the
physicians, state, are that he will
gradually improve until he is him
The puzzling part of the case is he
states that he doep not knoifr nor has
any idea as to when he swallowed
the bone. It had evidently been sev
eral months in reaching the lower
portion of the abdomen, working its
way so slowly that it could not be de
tected. So rare is the case that a
physician from Kansas City came to
Waterloo to see it, and remarked up
on the success of the operation Phy
sicians throughout this section, also
came to Waterloo to study the case.
Harley Hoskinson, employed in tbe
Bear Creek mines, was painfully' in
jured this morning rt'hen a rock fell on
his left foot. The first and second toes
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