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, ESTABLISHED 1850. I
) j H ESTILL. Editor and Proprietor. I POJ'E LEO GETS THE GIFT. thE PRESENTATION made in the VATICAN'S THRONE ROOM. archbishop Ryan. of Philadelphia, Makes the Speech for the American Delegation - The Pope Expresses Himself as Greatly Pleased With it B nd Gives the Apostolic Benedic tion. Baltimore, Md., Jan. 22.— The follow ing cablegram was to-day received by the ‘■'home. .lan. 22,-The gift of President Cleveland to Pope Leo XIII. was presented to him Saturday afternoon in the throne room of the Vatican by the American del ation. There were also present the mem bers of the Coble guard in their bright, slioivv uniforms, and the attaches of the Papal Court. Archbishop Ryan, of Phila delphia, in presenting the bound copy of the constitution of the United States, said: Hr.lv father, we feel most honored and happy nn being selected to present to your holiness ~,j, expressive of the veneration and felici atiouof his excellency, the President of the Putted States of America. upon the occasion of the auspicious jubi lee ~of vour holiness’ entrance to Iho sacred priesthood. It is a tribute paid your holiness by the ruler of 60.000,000 freemen, the ruler elected by them, who feels the supreme responsibility of his exalted station, his dependence upon God's providence, and who [ns had the wisdom and fortitude to discharge faithfully and conscientiously all the important duties devolving upon him. He is a ruler re spect.d by the people, and one who has public iv declared his solemn conviction that Chris tianity furnishes the true, permanent basis of real civilization and perfect social order, repre senting at once the moral conquest oyer the greatest nations of the earth. A FREE PEOPLE'S TRIBUTE. This conquest, your holiness, which received respectful recognition from the Kings of the timid, receives through the most, worthy Presi dent the tribute of a free and independent i>eo p|e, of the freest, largest and most progressive >enp!e. They are naturally Christian, .rave, iust and generous, and will he in the future, as in the past, history of the nation. Remember, too, father, that the shepherds of Judea, represnt in - the body of the people came to the manger at the angelic invitation before the Kings; that he whose vicar you are was not only King of Kings, but the reputed son of a carpenter, a man of the people, living and sympathizing with the people. In the American republic the Catholic church is free to act. and to carry out its sacred and beneficial mission for the human race by the fundamental right of a constitutional guarantee, as de monstrated in this volume, the appropriate gift of the-President. In the United States the ■ uholicL curoh is entirely free from State do minion. Liberty is all she requires. In her his tory the United States has clearly proved that the ignorance of the real doctrines of the church nd hereditary prejudice, that great obstacle to progress are gradually disappearing and that Catholics and uon-Catholics a:-e coming to nn derstand each other. We beg of you, then holy father, to bless the young republic that has ae ieved so much in a single century: bless the land discovered by your saintly compatriot. Columbus; bless the wise and manly President of the United States. THE APOSTOLIC BENEDICTION. The members of the delegation, kneeling before the Pope, received the apostolic ben ediction for themselves and for their people. Dr. O'Connell, Rector of the American College, presented tho album to the Pope and translated the President’s dedication. The Pope listened with the utmost satis faction, examined the gift carefully, and ex pressed his admiration for the exquisite taste and neatuess of its execution. It was an especial pleasure, he said, to receive a copy <>f the constitution of the United States. Dr. O’Connell then read to the Pope the following letter, written in French- Holy Father: I experience peculiar satisfac tion in transmitting to your holiness the |>er wr.al congratulations which llis Excellency, drover Cleveland. President of the United State-. V.y his lot ter of Nov. IT, s|iec tally re coasted me to present to you on the occasion of your golden jubilee. I had the honor to see the President shortly after my return from Rome. '' hen 1 communicated the’kind sentiments your holiness was pleased to express to me in his re gard. Highly appreciating the friendly mes sage of your holiness, he desired ine to con rev to you his respectful homages and tus sincere wishes for your welfare. The I’iv-ident subsequently wrote me a second letter desiring me to transmit to your holiness with the least possible delay this specially- prepared •'spy of ilia constitution of the United 8 ‘ ; as a testimonial of veneration ' your august person, and as an ex pression of his felicitation on the approaching -delimits. Deign, holy father, once more to Mess with all the affection of your paternal heart our beloved country in whose prosperity y n u manifest so lively an interest. Invoking your benediction on myself, l am Your obedient son. James Cardinal Gibbons, „ Archbishop of Baltimore. Baltimore , Dec. 11, 1887. roPK LEO’S REPLY. The Popp then read his reply to Arch bishop Ryan in Latin, expressing the pleas- J®* ‘I” felt in receiving the jubilee gift bora the President of the United States. He continued: I have received offerings from all parts of the "i l from ilaly, France, Germany, Hungary. yfDiir England, and one from the President of ' l; ited States a most pleasing one. As ltcliWshop, he added, you enjoy there per |” rl 1 '""Urn. That freedom, we admit, is highly JMetidal to the spread of religion. As the if™ '?' *he church X owe my duty, love and so f't* to every part of the church, but toward America I hear especial love. The care of your is great Your government is your future full of hope, our president commands my highest 'munition. Hence this offering which 1 have iff* I .i has truly touched my heart. It “(OMs me, pleasure to pour forth through you ‘Jour President and vour great, country my t , Profound sense of appreciation and grati ,,, •j D conclusion, i grant you my blessing, I Ask that of yourself and of the President of .vour country. ia ■'wning to Father O’Connell, the Pope neon? 8 ' 1 ? }ou - to raako this known to your r |i" Describe the solemn manner in which I " '■ received the gift of their President. Vtvrward the Pope received the dele * "m privately. was delighted with resident Cleveland’s gift and engaged in an'ho 011 Gw delegates for nearly Lie prelates present brought jubilee offer "gs amounting to SBO,OOO. The delegation ' ‘ ikied Archbishop Ryan, of Philadelphia; rnsimp, Ilyan, of Buffalo; Burke, of Chey ‘W /idenbush, of Minnesota; Mgr. Quig ,f v' 1 1 harleston, K. C. ; Revs. MacDonnel, Mdi T ork ; I' arr elly, of Nashville; Cast l ’Buffalo; Kenoe, of Chicago, and wh fon 'espondent of tho Baltimore Sun, " "’as intrusted by Cardina 1 Gibbons with 1 A "Giyery of the President’s gift to the Rec r>- * r Hie American College in Rome. The i,;’ ’ l '? l ' r *'T°d that, the President’s gift be ki,, r „ f ”? exhibition among those of the Hate ti i™ members of tlm papal court Up l 'at the American presentation was ~, 'i'M successful event of the jubilee, no ”ri"e having elicited from the rich and spontaneous an expres fl Blanks and appreciation. Longing for Temporal Power. ds • ,n " -- -The *o|>e on receiving a horn*? * of Austrian nuns to-day, ex I--, ', , strum Catholics to lie in readi ng i '” l l > aH other Catholics to Amelior ‘M iiii, intolerable position, and to v, !'" llm to regain ' uipoial power, L oi church 8 10 t ' u ’* prw,peri ' ||t IHomina ffetojp. BLAIR’S BILL,. Ex-Justice Strong Says the Measure Is Unconstitutional. Washington, Jan. 22. Ex-Justice Wil liam Strong, of the United States Supreme ! Court, retired, is delivering his usual winter \ course of lectures on the constitution before j the Columbia Law School The lecture for j Tuesday night last was on the first clause | of the e'ighth section, urticle L : “The Con- j gress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imports and excises to pay the debts and provide for the common de fense and general welfare of the United States.” In the course of his remarks he was asked by a student if, in his opinion, the Blair ed ucational bill was constitutional. DECLARED ILLEGAL. “I do not see,” replied the venerable jurist, “how it can bo constitutional. It is my opinion that it is unconstitutional, and this I believe to be the opinion also of the present bench.” A Post reporter called upon Justice Strong last evening. “Is it true,” asked the reporter, “that you gave an opinion before the Columbian Law School against the constitutionality of the Blair bill!” “1 did not say that it was my opinion that that measure was unconstitutional, but it was in reply to a question, and not as a part of my lecture,” replied Judge Strong. “I had no intention or thought that my re marks would become public property, or I would not have given an opinion. Ever since I retired from the bench it has been my fixed opinion never to give publicity to an opinion on any matter before the Su preme Court, and I shall not depart from it. lam constantly in consultation and inter course with members of the bench and my opinion on questions before the court is frequently asked by the judges, but I never vary from the determination taken when I left the bench. If I were a Congressman I might feel more at liberty to discuss the Blair bill and kindred measures, but lam not. I believe in a strict construction of the constitution, more so than my Republican friends.” BAYARD’S CHIEF SECRETARY. James Fenner Lee to Succeed the Present Incumbent. Washington, Jan. 22. —James Fonnor Lee, of Maryland, late Secretary of Lega tion at Vienna, will succeed Swelton A. Brown as chief clerk of tho Department of State. Mr. Lee is of an old Maryland family, closely related to the Lees of Vir ginia. He was appointed Secretary of the Legation at Vienna July 2, 1885, and be came Charge d’Affaires ad interim on ac count of the rejection of Minister Keily. As such he made an excellent record. His salary as Secretary of the Legation was $l,BOO. His salary as chief clerk of the Department of State will bo if 2,700. The chief clerk of the Department of State has the general supervision of all the busi ness and ot all the correspondence of the department. It is a confidential and re sponsible post and the Secretary of State desired that it should lie filled by a man in political sympathy at least with him. This is the reason that he asked for Mr. Brown’s resignation. Mr. Brown was appointed from New York by Secretary Seward and has been in tho Department of State ever since, climbing up gradually through dif ferent clerkships to the chief clerkship, which he attained in 1877 and has held ever since. He is a prominent society club man. lie married a daughter of the late Seth L. Phelps. Minister to Peru. She inherited a small fortune from her lather. CONGRESS' WEEK’S WORK. Deficiencies and Education to Engage the Senate. Washington, Jan. 21. — The Senate has no programme of work for thecoming week beyond the consideration and, if possible, the passage of the deficiency bill and the educational bill. Should there be any time to spare it is likely to be consumed in con sideration of miscellaneous matters on the calendar. Aside from extradition treaties the, Senate has little to do in secret session, and as Senator Sherman, Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, is to be ab sent alter Wednesday it is thought probable that the treaties will not be considered at any length, if at all during the week. IN THE HOUSE. The Thoebe-C’arlisle contest case is ex pected to take precedence of all other busi ness in the House ot Representatives, since it is the present determination of Mr. Crisp, wiio has charge of the re port of the Elections Committee, to insist that it shall be disposed of before anything else is done. Should the Republican minority persist in refusing to vote, it is doubtful whether a quorum eau be secured and the indications are that several (lays will elapse before the matter is finally settled. The pension appropriation bill has already been reported and the Ap propriations Committee will endeavor to have it considered before the end of the week. SAMOA’S TAXES. The Natives Borrow from the Ger mans to Pay Them With. San Francisco, Jan. 22.—Samoan ad vices received by the steamship Zealandia state that the natives have been forced to borrow money from Germans to pay the taxes imposed by the new government. The Germans have arrested and imprisoned natives for visiting friends and relatives in neighboring islands. King Tamasseeses maintains bis authority solely by the sup port of a German man-of-war, and it is stated that it this support were withdrawn he would lie deposed in a day. Three German man-of-war left Apia for Hong Kong in November, leaving two to guard the islands. A correspondent writing under date of Nov. 21 states that a meeting cf chiefs was held in defiance of the King’s order to consider what course to take concerning the payment of taxes, and that it was decided to pay the tax with tho understanding that it, should not be delivered over to the Gormans until a satisfactory settlement was reached. One chief sent word to King Tamassee.se that he and his twenty relatives all had their re peating rittes, and that that was all they had to pay taxes with. Closed to Navigation. Louisville, Jan. 22,-The river is closed to navigation to-night. Heavy ice fields are coming down and at several points, both above and below, impassable gorges have formed. Considerable loss has been caused by tho blockade. A Tug’s Boiler Explodes. New York, Jan. 21.—The boiler of the tug Zouave, exploded while she was lying in quarantine in the lower bay this after noon. The engineer, two firemen and a steward were terribly scalded. Ex-Premier Gibaon Dead. Kan Francisco. Jan. 22.—-Walter M. GBison e*-PrimMimsterof the Hawaiian Islands, died in this city last evening <>f con- Miniption Tin- tsaly will be taken U> Hon olulu for interment. SAVANNAH, GA„ MONDAY, JANUARY 23, 1888. BROKEN ENGAGEMENTS. REV. TALMAGE ON THE GRAVITY OF PROMISES OF MARRIAGE. Wards in Insane Asylums and Large Plots in Cemeteries for the Victims of Broken Troths—Once a Promise is Made it Should be Kept at all Haz zards. * Brooklyn, Jan. 22.— Tho Rev, T. De- Witt Tahnage, D. D., preached this morn ing tho third of his series of “Sermons to the Women of America, with Important Hints to Men.” His subject was: “Broken Promises of Marriage,” and bis text from Judges xi., 35: “I have opened my mouth unto the Lord, and I cannot go back.” He said: General Jephtbah, the Connnander-in chief of the Israelitieth forces, is buckling on the sword for the extermination of the pestiferous Ammonites, and looking up to the sky he promises that if God will give him the victory be will put to death and sacrifice as a burnt offering the first thing that comes out from the door of his home stead when he goes back. The hurrahing of triumph soon runs along the line of all the companies, regiments and divisions of Jeph thah’s army. A worse beaten army tiiaii those Ammonites never strewed any plain with their carcasses. General Jephtbah, fresh from his victory, is now on his way home. As he comes over the hills and through the valleys the whole march home ward for his men is a cheer, but for him a great anxiety, for he remembers his vow to slay aud burn the first thing that comes forth from his house to greet him after his victory. Perhaps it may be the old watch dog that shall first come out, and who could get heart to beat out the life of a faithful creature like that as he comes fawning and barking and frisking and putting up his paw against his master in merry welcome after long ab sence * No; it was not that which came forth to meet, Jephthah. Perhaps it may be a young dove let out from its cage in the General’s home which, gaining its liberty, may seem to rejoice in the public gladness and flutter on the shoulder of the familiar bead of the household. But who could have the heart to slay such a winged innocent ? No; it was not that which came forth to meet Jephthah. Or it may be some good neighbor that will rush out to greet him after having first been in to tell the family of the near approach of the General, But who could slay a neighbor who had come on tho scene io rejoice over tho reunited household? No; it was not that which came forth to meet Jephtbah. As he nd\ anc s upon his home the door .opens and out of it comes one whoso appear ance under other circumstances would nave been an indescribable joy, but under the pledge of a sacrifice becoinesa horror which blanches his cheek and paralyzes his form aud almost hurls him flat to the earth. His child, his only child, his daughter comes skipping out to greet him, her step keeping time to a timbrel which she shakes and smites. Did ever a conqueror’s cheer end in such a bitter groan ! No wonder Do re, in two of his masterpieces, presents the scene. And Handel made it the last and climac teric work of his life to put this pathetic and overpowering circumstance in on ora torio, seven months toiling amid its majestic harmonies until his eyesight gave out, and, as though the sad scene of Jephthah’s daughter’s sacrifice were too much for mortal vision, the grand old musician was led blind into the orchestra for the first rendering of Jephthah. All the glories of victorious war are blotted out from Jephthah’s memory, and his banner is folded in grief, and his sword goes back into the scabbard with dolorous ciang, and the muffled arum takes the place of the cymbals, and the “tremolo" the place of the trumpet, and he cries out: “Alas, my daughter, thou bast brought me very low and thou art one of them that trouble me; for I have opened my mouth to the Lord, and I cannot go back.” During two months amid the mountains without shelter the maidens who would have been at her wed ding ranged with Jephlliah’s daughter up and down, bewailing her coming sacrifice. Commentators and theoligians are in dis pute as to whet her that girl was slain or not, and as to whether if she were slain it was right or wrong in Jephthah to lie the executioner, a discussion into which I shall not l>e diverted from the overmastering consideration that we had better look out what we promise; better be cautious what engagement we make; better that in regard to all matters of betrothal and plighted vow we feel the responsibility, lest we have either to sacrifice the truth or sacrifice an immortal being, and we be led to cry out with the paroxysm of a Jephthah: “I have opened my mouth unto the Lord, and I can not go back.” Tnere is one ward in almost all the insane asylums- and a large region in almost every cemetery that you need to visit. They are occupied by the men and women who are the victims of broken promises of marriage. The women in those wards and in those mortuary receptacles are in tho majority because woman more in her affection than does man, and laceration of them in her case is more apt to be a dementia and a fatality. In some regions of this land the promise of marriage is considered to have no solemnity or binding force. It was only made in fun. They may change their mind. The engagement may stand until someone more attractive in person or opulent in estate appears on the scene; then the rings are returned and the amatory letters und all relationship ceases. And so there are ten thousand Jephthah’s daughters sacrificed as burnt of ferings. The whole subject n eds to be taken out the realm of comedy into tragedy, and men and women need to understand that, while there are exceptions to the rule, once having solemnly pledged to each other, heart and band, the forfeiture and aban donment of that pledge makes the trans gressor in the sight of God a perjurer, and so the day of judgment will reveal it. The one has lied to the other; and all liars shall have their place in the lake that burnetb with fire and brimstone. _ . If a man or woman make a promise in the business world, is there any obligation to fulfill it? If a man sign a note for five hun dred dollars, might he to pay it’ It a con tract bo signed involving tue building of a house or the furnishing of a bill of goods, ought they stand by that contract? “Oh, yes," always answered. Then I ask tho further question; Is the heart, the happi ness. the welfare, the temporal and eternal destiny of a man or woman worth as much a- the house, worth five hundred dollars, worth anything? The realm of profligacy is filled with men and women as a result of the wrong answer to that question. The : most aggravating, stupendous and God defying lie is a lie in the shupe of broken espousal. But suppose a man changes his mind, ougut he not back out? Not once in ten j thousand times. What if I change my mind about u promissory note and decline to pay it, and suddenly put my property In such shape that you could not collect your note? How would you like that? That, you say, would lie a fraud. Ho is the other a fraud, and punish It God will certainly as you live and just as certainly if you do not live. I I have known men Is ti oUn-l to loving And I good womanhood resigning their engage- ment and the victim went down in hasty consumption, while suddenly the recreant man would go up the aisle of a church in brilliant bridal party, and the two promised “I will” with a solemnity that seemed in surance of a lifetime happiness. But the simple fact was, that was the first act of a Shakespearian play entitled “Taming tho Shrew.” He found out when too late that he had not married into tho family of the “Graces,” but into the family of the “Furies.” To the day of his death the mur der of his first betrothal followed him. The Bible extols one who “swenreth to his own hurt and chan goth not.” That is, when you make a promise keep it at all hazards. There may be cases where decep tion has been used at the time of engage ment, and extraordinary circumstances where the promise is not binding, but in 161* cases out of 1,000 engagement is as binding as marriage. Robert Burns, with all his faults, well knew the force of a marital en gagement. In obedience to some rustic idea he, standing on one side tho brook Ayr, and Mary Campbell oil the other, they bathed their hands in the water aud then put them on the boards of a Bible, making their pledge of fidelity. On the cover of the Old Testament of thut. book to this day in Robert Burns’ handwriting may be found the words: “Leviticus xix , 12: Ve shalll not swear by my name falsely- I am the Lord.” And on the cover of the New Testament in his own handwriting: “Matthew v., 33: Thou shalt not forswear thyself, hut shalt perform unto the Lord tbiue oaths.’* Suppose a ship captain offers his services to take a ship out to sea. After he gets a lit tle way he comes alongside of a vessel with a more beautiful flag, and which has per haps a richer cargo and is bound for a more attractive port. Suppose he rings a bell for the engineer to slow up and the wheel stops. Now I see the captain being low ered over the side of the vessel into a small boat, and he crosses to the gayer aud wealthier craft, and climbs up the sides, and is seen walking the bridge of the other ship. I pick up his resigned speakiugtrum pet and shout through it: “Captain, what does this mean ? Did you not promise to lake this ship to Southampton, England?” “Yes,” says the captain, “but 1 have changed my mind, and I have found I can do better, and lain going to take charge here. I shall send back to you all the let ters I got while managing that ship, and everything I got from your ship, and it will be all right.” You tell me that the worst fute for such a captain as that is too good for him. But it is just what, a man or woman does who promises to take one through the voyage of life, across the ocean of earthly existence, and then breaks the promise. The sending back of all the let ters and rings and necklaces and keepsakes cannot make that right which is in the sight of God, and ought to be in the sight ot man, an everlasting wrong. What American society needs to lie taught is that betrothal is an act so solemn and tremendous that all men and jvomen must stand back from it until they are sure that it is right, and sure that it is best, and sure that no re treat will be desired. Before that promise of lifetime companionship anv amount of romance that you wish, any ardor of friend ship, any coming and going. But espousal is a gate, a golden gate, which one should, not pa s unless he or she expects never to re turn. Engagement is the porch of which marriage is the castle, and you have no right in the porch if you do not mean to pass into the castle. The trouble has always been that this whole subject of affiance has been relegated to the realm of frivolity and .joke, and con sidered not worth a sermon or even a seri ous paragraph. And so the massacre of human Jives has gone on and the devil has had it his own cruel way, and what is mightily needed is that pulpit, aud platform and printing press all speak a word of un mistakable and thunderous protest on this subject of infinite importance. W'e put clear out into thin poesy and light reading the marital engagements of Petrarch aud his Laura, Dante and his Beatrice, Chaucer and his Philippa, Lorenzo de Medici and his Lucretia, Spenser and his Rosalind, Waller and bis Saecharissa, not real izing that it was the style of their engagement that decided their happiness or wretchedness, their vir tue or their profligacy. All the literary and military and religious glory of Queen Eliza beth's reign cannot blot out from one of the most conspicuous pages of history her infamous behavior toward Seymour and Phillip and Melville and Leicester and oth ers. All the ecclesiastical robes that Dean Swift ever rustled through consecrated places cannot hide from intelligent people of all ages the fact that by promises of mar riage, which he never fulfilled, he broke the heart of Jane Waring, after an engagement of 7 years, and the heart of Stella after an engagement of 14 years, and the poetic stanzas he dedicated to their excellences only make the more immortal his owu per fidy. “But suppose I should make a mistake,” says some man or woman, “and I find it out after the engagement and before mar riage?” My answer is, you have no excuse for making a mistake on this subject. There are so many ways of finding out all about tho character and preferences and dislikes and habits of a man or woman that if you have not brain enough to form a right judgment in regard to him or her, you are not so fit a candidate for the matri monial altar as you are for an idiot asylum. Notice what society your especial triend prefers, whether he is industrious or lazy, whether she is neat or slatternly, what books are read, what was tho style of ances try, noble or depraved, and if there be any unsolved mystery about the person under consideration postpoue all promise until the mystery is solved. Jackson’s hollow, Brooklyn, was part of the city not built on for many years, and every time I crossed it I said to myself or to others, why is not this land built on? I found out afterward that the title to the land was in coutroverey and no one wanted to build there until that question was de cided. Afterwai-d I understood the title was settled and now buildings are going up all over it. Do not build your happiness for this world on a character, masculine or feminine, that has not a settled and undis puted title to honor and truth and sobriety and kindness and righteousness. O woman, you have more need to pause before making such an important promise than man, because if you make a mistake it is worse for you. If a man blunder about promise of marriage or go on to an unfor tuuato marriage, he can spend his evenings away, and can go to the club or the Repub lican or Democratic headquarters, and ab sorb his mind in city or State or national elections, or smoke himself stupid or drink himself drunk. But there is no place of regular re treat for you, O woman, and you could not take narcotire or intoxicants and keep your resiiectabilitv. Before you promise, pray and think and study and" advise. There will never again in your earthly history be a time when you so much need God. It. seems to mo that the world ought to cast out from business credits and from good neighborhood those who boost of the numlier of hearts they have won, as the In dian boasts of the numljer of scaijis he has taken. If a man will lie to a woman, and a woman will lie to a man about so important a matter as that of a lifetime's welfare, they will lie alsiut a bill of goods and lie about finances, and lie about anything. Hoclety today U brimful of gallants and man milliners and carpet knight* and coquettes and those most God-forsaken of all wretches —flirts And they go about drawing-rooms and the par lors of watering places simpering and bow ing and scraping and whispering, and then return to the club rooms if they be men, or to their sjieoiiil gatherings if they be women, to chatter and giggle over what was said to them in confidence. Condign punishment is apt to come upon them and they get paid in their own coin. 1 could point you to a score whom society has let drop very hard in return for their base traffic in human hearts. • As to such men they walk around in their celibacy, after their hair is streaked with gray, and pretending they are naturally short-sighted when their eyes are so old in sin that they need tho spectacles of a septuagenarian, an eyeglass about No. 8, and think they are lie witching in their stride and overpowering in their glances, although they are simply laughing-stock for all mankind. And if these base dealers in human hearts lie fe males, they are left after awhile severely alone, striving in a very desperation of ag ony of cosmetics to get back to the attract iveness they had when they used to brag how many masculine affections they had slaughtered. Forsaken of God and honest men aud good women, are sure to be all such masculine aud female triflers with human and yet immortal affections. O, man, O woman, having plighted your troth stick to it! And here my idea widens and I have to say not only to those who have made a mis take in solemn promise of marriage, but to those who have already at the altar been pronounced one when they are two, or in diversity of tastes and likes and dislikes are neither one nor two, but a dozen —make the best you can of an awful mistake. Aud here let me answer letters that come from every State of the American Union, and from across the sea, and are coining year after year from men and women who are terrifically allianced and tied together in a hard knot, a very hard knot, The letters run something like this: “What ought Ito do, my husband is a drunkard?” “My wife is a gad-about and will not stay at home.” "My companion is ignorant and hates books and I revel in them.” “I like music and a piano sets my husband crazy.” “I am fond of social life and my companion is a recluse." “I am trying to be good and my life-long associate is verv bad. What shall I do ? ’ My answer is, there are certain good reasons for divorcement. The Bible recognizes them. Good society recognizes them. But it must lie the very last resort, and only ufter all reasonable attempts at reclamation and adjustment have proved a dead failure. When such attempts fail it is generally be cause of meddlesome outsiders, and women tell the wronged wife how she ought to stand on her rights, and men tell the wronged husband now he ought to stand on his rights. And let husband and wifo in an unhappy marriage relation stand punctil iously on their rights, and there will be no readjustment, and only one thing will tie sure to them and that is hell on earth. If you are utfhappily married, in most cases ! advise you, make the best you can of an awfully bad bargain. Do not project your peculiarities more than is necessary. Perhaps you may have some faults of your owu which the oilier party in the marital alliance muy have to suffer. You are iu the same yoke. If you pull aside the yoke will only twist your neck. Better pull ahead. 'The world is full of people who made mistakes about many tilings, and among other things about betrothal and marriage, and yet have been tolerably happy and very useful in the strength of God and by the grace promised in every time of need if those who seek it conquer the disadvantageous circumstances. lam acquainted with lovely women married to contemptible men and genial men yoked witn termagants inspired of the devil. And yet under these disadvantages ray friends are useful and happy. God helps people in other kinds of martyrdom and to sing in the flame, and he will help you in your life-long misfortune. Remember the patience of Job. What a wife he had! At a time when he was one great blotch of eruptions and his property was destroyed by a tornado and, more than all, bereavement had eorne and the poor man needed all wise counsel, she advises him to go to cursing and swearing. She wanted him to poultice his boils with blas phemy But tie lived right on through iris marital disadvantages, recovered his health and his fortune and raised a splendid family, and the closing paragraph of the book of Job has such a jubilance that I wonder peo ple do not ofiener real it: “Ho the lord blessed the latter end of Job more than bis beginning: for he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she assies. lie had also seven sons and three daughters. And he called the name of the first Jemima, and the name of the second Kezia, and the name of the third Keren happuch. And in ail the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren. After this Job lived a hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, aud his sons’ sons, even four generations. So Job died, being old and full of days.” Now, my badly-married friend of either sex, if Job could stand it by the help of God, then vou can stand it by the same di vine re-enforcement, You have other rela tions, O woman, beside the wifely relation. If you are a mother, train up your children for God and heaven. If you are a member of a church, help move ou its enterprises. You can get so much of the grace of God iu your heart tiiat all your home trials will scum insignificant. How little difference does it make what your unrighteous hus band calls you, if God calls you his child and you are an heiress of whole kingdoms beyond the sky? Immerse yourself in some kind of out side usefulness, something that will enlist your prayers, your sympathies, your hand, your needle, your voice. Get your heart on fire with love to God and the disenthrall ment of the human race, and the troubles of your home will be blotted out in tho glory of your consecrated life. I cry out to you, O woman, as Paul exclaims in his letter to the Corinthians: “What kuowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save thy husband?” And if you cannot save him you can help iu the grander, mightier enterprise of helping save tho world. Out of the awful mistake of your marriage rise into the sublimest life of self sacrifice for God and suffering humanity. Instead of settling down to mope over your domestic woes, enlist your energies for the world's redemption. Home parts of Holland keep out the ocean only by dykes or walls of stout masonry. The engineer having these dykes in charge was soon to be married to a maiden living iu one of the villages the existence of which depended on the strength of these dykes. And there was to be a great feast in one of the villages that approaching evening in honor of the coming bridegroom. That day a great storm threatened the destruction of the dykes, and hence the destruction of thousands of lives in the villages sheltered by that stone wall. The ocean was iu full wrath, heating against the dykes, and tho tides and the terror were still rising. "Hhall I go to the feast," says tho engineer, “or shall I go and help my work men take call) of the dykes?” "Take care of the dykes,” be said to himself, “I must and will. As ha appeared on the wall the men working there were exhausted and shouted: “Here comes Mi* engineer. Thank God! Thank God'." The wall was giving away, stone by stone, and the engineer had a rone fastened around his body, and somo of trio workmen bad ropes fastened around their bodies and were let down amid the wild surges that heat the wall. Everything was giving wav. “More stonesl" cried the men. “i\foro mortar!” But the anwer came: “There is no more!” “Then,” cried the engineer, “take off your clothes and with them stop the holes in the wall.” And so, in the chill and darkness and surf it was done, and with the workmen’s apparel the open ings in the wall were partially tilled. But slid the tide rose and still the ocean reared itself for more awful stroke and for the overwhelming of thousands of lives in the villages. “Now we have done all wo can,” said the engineer, “down on your knees' my men, and pray to God for help." And on the trembling and parting dykes they prnyed till the wind enangod and the sea subsided, and the villages below, which knowing nothing of the peril, were full of romp and dance and hilarity, wore gloriously saved. Now, what wo want in this work of walling back the oceans of poverty and drunken ness and impurity and sin is the help of more womanly and manly hands. Oh how the tides come in! Atlantic surge of sor row after Atlantic surge of sorrow, and the tempests of human hate and Satanic fury are in full cry. O. woman of many trou bles, what are all tue feasts of worldly de light, if they were offered you, compared with the opportunity of helping build and support barriers which sometimes seem giv ing way through man’s treachery and the world’s assault! O woman, to the dykes! Bring prayer, bring tears, bring cheering words! Help! Help! And having done all, kneel with us on the quaking wall until the God of the wind and the sea shall hush the the one and silence the other. To the dykes I Sisters, mothers, wives, daughters of America, to the dykes! The mightiest catkolicon for all the wounds and wrought woman or man is complete absorption in the work to rescue others. Save somo man, some woman, some child! In that effort you will forget or lie helped to bear your own trials, and in a little while God will take you up out of your dis turbed and harrowing conjugal relation of earth into n heaven all the happier because of preceding distress. When Queen Eliza lieth of England was expiring it was arranged that the exact moment of her death should be signaled to the people by the dropping of a sapphire ring from a window into the lianas of an officer, who carried it at the top of his spoed to King James of Scotland. But vour departure from the scene of your earthly woes, if you are ready to go, will not be the dropping of a sapphire to the ground, but the setting of a jewel in a king’s coronet. Blessed bo his glorious name forever 1 BOARDERS ROASTED ALIVE. Fourteen Perished in the Fire at Tow er, Minn. Chicago, Jan. 22. —A special to the Timex from Tower, Minn., says: “Fourteen men perished in the boarding house fire of Satur day morning. Seven bodies have been taken from the ruins and seven persons in addition are missing. No names additional to those of the previous dispatches are given. The extreme cold at the time, tho ther mometer indicating 40* below zero, made the sufferings of those who escaped very great, and also made it almost impossible to do effective work in suppressing the flames. The bodies of all the men taken out ure burned to an unrecognizable mass.” NARROW ESCAPES AT CHICAGO. About forty people barely escaped being burned to death this morning in a tire that destroyed the greater part of a big apart ment and store building at the southwest corner of Oak wood Boulevard and Cottage Grove Avenue. Notone of the forty had time to give the slightest attention to dres, and many, including sevoral ladies, were dragged out by the firemen into the frosty air unconscious. Miss Abbie Birdsall. a teacher'was found lying in a foot of water in the cellar, two hours after the fire started. She had become suffocated and lost her way in the smoke. Her recovery is not expected. T. D. McKilllp, a gentleman rooming in the building, is also in a precarious condition, the result of injuries received, while making his escape. A few of tho peoplo had to be taken out of upper windows by ladders. Wallace L. Do Wolf, a lawyer, owned tbe building. Hjk loss is idO/KtO. It was fully insured. About *IO,(KX worth of furniture and clothing, half insured, Ixilongingto nine families was destroyed, and SIO,OOO additional damage, also partly insured, was inflicted on the stock of several storekeepers occupying the ground floor. BURNING OF A MILL. Springfield, Mars., Jan. 23.—Theentire east wing of tbe Holyoke Water Power Company’s mill in Holyoke, 220 feet long and seventy-two feet wide, which was oc cupied bv the HoJyoke Envelope Company and B. F. Perkins’ machine works, was burned this afternoon, entailing a loss of about $325,000. DESPERATE TRAIN ROBBERS. One Arrested and One Escapes After Shooting a Printer. Montgomery, Ala., Jan. 22.—The police to-night attempted to arrest two mon sup posed to be James and Reuben Barrow. One of them was captured, but the other made his escape after shooting and fatally wounding Neil Bray, one of the compositors of the Adverlutfir. Bray was passing along the street on his way to work, when Police Captain Martin called him to help catch the man, who was running away. Bray started to obey and was heading Burrow of when shot. The Barrows live in Lamar county, Ala bama. and are accused of the train robbery near Texarkana, Tex., on Jan. 15. Five detectives went to arrest them, but one of them was not at home, and the other made his escape, although the detectives fired fifty shots at him. The brotnlri then made their way to this city, where they arrived to-night. Conductor J. S. Callahan of the south-bound train, had telegraphed ahead that these men were suspicious char acters. and an attempt was therefore made to arrest them on their arrival. The one who is now in custody had an envelope in his pocket addressed to James Barrow, which places his identity beyond a doubt. A Railroad to the Rescue. Kansas City, Jan. 22.—A prominent official of the Atchison, Topeka und (Santa Ko system said to-day that his company has decided to bring 100,000 bushels of wheat and ship it to Western Kansas for spring seeds. The company will charge nothing for trunsjwrtation and will sell it at cost, taking notes from farmers, due in one year, at it per cent. He thought the action of his company would be duplicated by the Mis souri Pacific Company. Condition of the Crown Prince. Berlin, Jan. 22.—The adverse rumors about the Crown Prince have not lieen con tinued. On the contrary advices from Han Iteiuo say that his health is good and that he drove out this morning and took a walk iu Ute afternoon. It is reported that he will corne to Berlin to attend the marriage of Primes Henry and Princess Irens. 1 PRICE *lO A YEAR. I \ 6 CENTS A COPY, f IRELAND FELL OF FIRE. BALFOUR'S BOASTED BRUTALITY FAILS TO TERRORIZE. Editor O'Brien the Lion of tbe Hour- Congratulatory Messages Pouring in on Him From Every Quarter- Illuminations Everywhere Sere naders Outside ofJSir Blunt's Prison Walls. • Dublin, Jan. 22.—An attempt was made lost night to serenade Wilfrid Blunt, who is confined in prison at Galway. *The police interfered, and ordered the musicians away. Tho latter thereupon embarked in boats, and held a torchllgnt procession on the river bmeath the walls of the prison. Sea men from the wnr ship Banterergave chase, but. failed to capture the seretiaders. Gen oral enthusiasm has been caused by William O’Brien's release from Tullamore jail. Last night bonfires and beacon lights illuminated large districts in the south of Ireland. KILRCBH ILLUMINATED. Kilrush was illuminated this evening and the streets were crowded with people. The government proclamation prohibiting the meeting announced to be held there to-day was publicly burned. All the bonfires aud blazing tar barrels were extinguished by the police. There was a conflict at Kilkee between the police and people, and one policeman was severely injured. Mr. O’Brien, who is almost prostrated with emotion, intends to attend the banou“t given in his honor by his electors, and then to rest for a few weeks in accordance with his doctor’s advice. In spite of the endeavor to prevent his whereabouts from becoming generally known, every mail brings him many congratulatory letters. He is residing with a friend in Dublin. HIS STRENGTH OVERTAXED. Ip an interview bo said: “1 felt so well on leaving prison that I have overtaxed my strength, and as a result I am sleepless and worn out. There was a portmanteau full of letters waiting me at the prison on leav ing and the number I have received since is so great that I am quite unable to deal with them. Those I have read affected me more than I can describe, but it is surprising that 1 have not received one threatening letter. I have formed no plans for future action yet, but it matters little because the spirit of t he country among all classes has mounted to a degree altogether beyond former experi ence. THE LEAGUE NOT WEAKENED. “The National league," he continued, “instead of being effaced, as the Coercion ists prophesied, is more firmly rooted than ever. The action of the Land Commission has bean equivalent to censoring the mod eration of the plan of campaign. Mr. Balfour has found that the league can only lie suppr<*ssed by suppressing society. The action of the government in prosecuting priests shows that the hope of mur zling them by means of intrigues at Homo has been frustrated. It is an at tempt to outrage the people into an exhibi tion of violence as a set-off against Mr. Balfour’s wanton brutality. If Mr. Blunt had never revealed Mr. Balfour’s intentions toward the Parnellites, the course pursued by the Chief Secretary would tie evidence enough.” Mr. O’Brien said he believed that Mr. Balfour would push matters to ex tremities until public opinion daunted him. EUROPE’S RIVALS. Montenegrin Insurgents Enlisting Bulgarians. St. Petersburg, Jan. 22.—The War Minister, fearing disaffection, opposes the advice of Count Tolstoi to enforce anew and stringent police system In the Don Cos sack country. The Svet asserts that a band of Montene grin insurgents is meeting with success in Bulgaria in enlisting Bulgarians. JEALOUS OF THE GERMANS. Constantinople, Jan. 22. —The French and Russian embassadors here resent the decision of the Porte to employ Germans to assist the Governors of the provinces in devel oping agriculture and mining. It is expect ed that they will make a formal complaint. snow impeding mobilization. Vienna, Jan. 22.—The movements of Russian troops in Galicia have been sus pended, owing to snow impaling railway traffic. fear or SPIES. MAnsF.iLi.Kn, Jan. 22.-—The Cam pa erne Generale Transatlantique has dismissed all its foreign workmen. The order is directed mainly against Italians and Germans, and, ,is due to fear of the presence of spies. ’ Other companies will follow suit. GERMANY’S EMPEROR. He Drives to the Palace to Attend tho Coronation Orders. Berlin, Jan. 22.—The Emperor and Empress drove to the Castle to-day to attend the festival of the Coronation orders. The usual ceremonies were performed. Prince William, presided at a banquet which followed, and toasted the old and new Knights on behalf of the Emperor. The Crown Prince of Greece and Princess Irene led the pro cession to the chapel. All the Cabinet min isters and the members of the diplomatic corps were present. The Ernjieror confer red the Grand Cross order of the Red Eagle upon Count Von Hatzfeldt, the German ambassador at London. WATTERSON B VICTORY. The Defeat of tho Printers the Theme of an Editorial. Louisville, Ky., Jan.32.—The Courier- Journal this morning has an editorial con cerning the printers’ strike which took place a week ago last Thursday. Neither the Courier-Journal nor Evening Times has missed a single edition since tbe inaugural tion of the strike and boycott. The editorial is headed: “The Contest Ended,” aud says: “The Courier-Journal this morning is back again to its old standard, a triple number of twenty pages. The inconven iences occasioned by the strike have passed away. Obstacles that may seem insurmountable disappear when confronted bv skilled knowledge aud deter mination. The strike was not our work; wo neither prove ked nor precipitated it; we contemplated no reduction of wages, nor any diminution of work, when the qki force, led by a few foolish agitators, left our office at a time and iD a manner that was meant to coerce us. We simply ac cepted the Issue as presented, and instead of turning over our property to the’ strike committee to be operated by them as our trustees, we concluded to manage it our selves.” Fire in a Cotton Hold. Queenstown, Jan. 22.—The steamer In diana, from Philadelphia, to-day reports that on Jan. 14 Are broke out in the cotton in her afterhold, but tbe flames were finally sutidued. There was great excitement , among lhone ou board during tbe fire.