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1 J. H. ESTILL, Editor and Proprietor, ) DIXIF/S PROUD HEROES. A FAIR FIELD AND NO FAVORS IS ALL THEY ASK. Blairs Bill to Give Them Preference in Civil Service Appointments Not Supported by the Southern Members —Senators Dar.iel and Hawley Voice Two Sides of the Question.* Washington, March 20.—1n the Senate to-day Mr. Blair, who yesterday introduced n bill giving preference for civil service ap pointments among men who had been dis loyal during the war to those who had served in the Confederate army, and who were suffering from wounds or disabilities, asked Mr. Platt, who had objected to second reading of the bill, to withdraw his objec tion. Mr. Platt said that he could not object to to the bill being read the second time to day and referred to committee. His ob jection yesterday had been based upon what seemed to be an inference from the title of the bill. Mr. Blair remarked that the object of the bill was simply to provide that in ap pointments to the civil service made from among those who had been disloyal, prefer ence should be given to those who were suf fering from wounds or disabilities resulting from service in the army of the Confeder acy. He had introduced the bill in entire good faith. north Carolina’s maimed army. He understood that in the State of North Carolina there were to-day 20,000 ex soldiers of the Confederacy who had lost limbs in the service, and that a very large number of them were in poor circum stances. It seemed to him that if the gov ernment under this administration or under any other administration gave appoint ments to men who had been disloyal prefer ence should be given to those who had served in the Confederate army and were now disabled, other things being equal. The debate on Mr. Blair’s bill was con tinued up to 2 o’clock, when, at his sugges tion. the bill wentover till to morrow with out action. Speeches were made by Messrs. Platt, Hale, Berry, Blair, Hoar, Riddle berger, Hampton, George, Manderson, Daniel and Hawley. ATTITUDE OF THE SOUTHERNERS. The Southern Senators, while expressing the kindliest feelings for the generosity and philanthropy which had prompted the in troduction of the bill, disclaimed all desire on the part of the ex-Confederatos for the passage of any such exceptional measure, but thought that as a mat ter of courtesy (ml uniformity of practice the bill should be read the second time and refeired. The Northern Senators were of one ac cord in condemning the measure as unwise aid ill considered. In the course of the debate, Mr. Black re peated that the bill simply made discrimi nation among those who had been disloyal, Riving preference to a man who had served in the Confederate army and been disabled, as against a man who had also been disloyal, but who had not served in the army. HALE OBJECTS. Mr. Hale said it is made a merit by this bill, that the applicant for office had served in the Confederate army and had there been disabled. He, for one, would not consent to any such discrimination in favor of Con federate soldiers as had been made in the statutes in tavor of Federal soldiers. Mr. Blair said that the bill had orignated with himself, after conversation with vari ous parties, and was derived from various sources. As to the condition of the wound ed Confederate soldiers in the South, there were many of them who were not only grievously wounded but were in great des titution. HOAR PLEASED. Mr, Hoar was very much gratified to learn both from the Senator from New Hampshire, and the Senator from Arkansas (Mr. Berry) that the proposition had not come from the ex-Confederate soldiers, or from anybody representing them. There was no occasion therefore, to enter at this time on discussion as to what would or would not be proper in dealing with this class of citizens. Many of that class were in the Senate, and had ihe respect and friendship of their associates. He did not believe that the (lending measure would ever have come from the gentlemen repre senting the States formerly in secession. Mr. Hampton expressed great gratifica tion at the generous action of the Senator from New Hampshire in introducing the hill. It was a bold, kind and generous act on his part. Stiil he (Mr. Hampton) would vote against the bill. No Confederate sol dier had asked for the passage of any such bill. THE TRUE TEST. His own opinion was that in appoint ments to Federal offices the government should seek the man who was best qualified to perform the duties of the office. Mr. George said that the question before the Senate was not as to the passage of the owl; it was simply whether the bill should have, in accordance with the unvarying rule of the Senate, the courtesy of second reading and of reference to the committee, he had never observed a breach of that rule. He agreed with the Senator irom South Carolina (Mr. Hampton) that no Confederate had asked tor such a bill. He did not believe that any Confederate would ever ask for it, and in voting (as he would) for the second reading of the bill, he should Dot do so from any motive or wish on his hart to facilitate such legislation. didn’t want to be discourteous. He found the bill introduced by the dis tinguished Senator from the North (wiiose service in the Union army Dan been very meritorious) of ms own motion, acting on his own judg rac ‘. and be (George) did not feel that he might to “slap him in the face” by voting ° refuge his bill the universal courtesy of a second reading and reference to committee. Mr. Daniel said that if the question were ne of courtesy or discourtesy to the Sona „.' r ,".h° had introduced the bill, there Mild lie no doubt in his mind as to how lie ('Hud vote. lie felt incapable of offering ’’curtesy to any Senator, and certainly ( ' should go very far to avoid doing so anl one who had boon inspired by such * ®aguaniinous and generous sentiment > Cat which the Senator from New n,* m l ls hii'e hud exhibtited, but no public S****: in ' ould ever be bolittled by the ques -11011 oi courtesy. URGED NOT TO DODGE. 1 ■ question before the Senate was the If aUV "f ,ho consideration of the bill, with 1,11 Ron ” committee in due course, |j n "'*b a vote, or comment, no ono would |. " l"!t that there was anything improper ll > but since the question had ueen made fhut question had to be met, and he th™ fb at no ex-Confederate in ’"Senate would dodge that riv, . 11 ’ although doubtless his emotion )J. ll r incline him to do so. If be (Mr. uti „ 1 ''"’Hd with propriety decline to vote hi, 1 , question he would do so, because, in judgment, it did not become a Con rato ; oldier to ask the Uuited States ' ‘Turnout for any peculiar right or privi H ht pbfnin® • CONTEMPT FOR TWO CLASSES. The Confederate soldier had boldly laid down the gauutlet of war, and when he came out or the war he hud contempt for but two classes of men engaged in it; First, those who made apologies, and, second, those who demanded them. Questions of great international strife and of great so cial conflicts, never descended to personali ties, but were governed by the great phi losophy of human existence. He had no doubt that the Senator from New Hamp shire had introduced the bill in a spirit of benevolence, kindness and generosity, but it had not. been called for by any Confed erate, nor had it grown out of the demands of public sentiment. PUBLIC OPINION AS A GUIDE. The wise legislation of the world was generally that which had public opinion behind it. There bad been no public dis cussion of this subject. There had been no wide debate about it, either North or South. The Senator from New Hampshire had stated that he had originated trie bill and he (Mr. Daniel) ventured to believe that its origin was entirely confined to the lucubrations of the Senators’ own mind. While he had great respect for that Sena tor he could not feel that, in this instance, he (Mr. Blair) bad acted wisely or in con sonance with the public spirit of the coun try. All that the Confederate soldier asked from the United States was that he should stand equal before its laws and should have a fair opportunity to work out his own salvation. nature’s aristocracy. He would venture to say that there was not a town or hamlet, trom the Poto mac to the Rio Grande, where the Confed erate soldier was to be seen in rags or tat ters, or begging his bread in its streets. There was not a palace or hut where the Confederate soldier was not always a wel come and honored guest. There was no danger of any honorable and true man, however humble he might be, or however small his fortune, dying on the roadside because no good Samaritan would come by to lend him a helping hand. All that the ex-Confederates asked was, not special privileges, but to be respected in their rights of American citizenship, which they hud assumed knowingly and inten tionally, and which they intended to abide by, God helping them, in such a manner that no man could justly lift against them the finger of scorn or apply to them an in sulting epithet. FUNDAMENTALLY A MISTAKE. Mr. Hawley expressed himself as person ally grateful to the Senato fromr Virginia (Mr. Daniel) for his manly and statesman like speech. There had been nothing so disagreeable in connection with the bill as its introduction by the Senator from New Hampshire and if the bill had been referred to the committee without notice, he should not have cared about the question being raised, preferring to wait for tiie report of the committee, but the point had been made, and there was no proposition in the bill which could not be just as well understood and acted on’now as if there were a long report from a com mittee upon it. He thought the bill was fundamentaUy a mistake. He not only disclaimed any feeling of hatred toward those who had been Confederates, but he would not do anything to bar their progress or to disqualify or dishonor them. A WICKED WAR. The generous and manly Confederate sol dier knew as well as any of them that the issue had been joined before the greatest tribunal of the world on a question involv ing the very foundations of republican gov ernment; tjiat it had been fought out as great armies of brave men aione could fighti that somebody won; that some fundamental theory of the constitution won, and that the result bad proved that it was a causeless, unconstitutional, and wicked war. That bad been recorded by the surrender at Ap pomattox. But should he, therefore, act ungenerously toward any person on the other side ? m God forbid. Should he try to bar bis progress! Not at all. Should he object to meeting him in the Senate chamber as his peer! By no means. NO OBJECTION TO ADMIRATION. Did he object to the f“llow-ritizens of the Confederate soldier loving him because of his gallantry? No. l>id any man think less of the State of South Carolina for sending to the Senate two of her gallant Confederate Generals ? Not at all. On the contrary he should be ashamed of South Carolina if she did not remember such men in the days of her resto ration. At the same time ho would not by his vote or without vigorous protest permit to be placed on the statute book anythin: which would in any degree reward a man for fighting on the Confederate side in the war. He was obliged to the Senator from Virginia (Mr. Daniel). He honored him for remembering with gratitude and love the men who fought on the other side, and he thanked him for not asking Sena tors from the North to do that which in his (Mr. Hawley’s) judgment if they did, they would be making fools of themselves. LARD AND ITS MIXTURES. The House Committee on Agriculture Hears Testimony. Washington, March 20.—The counsel for the manufacturers of refined lard opened their case before the House Com mittee on Agriculture this morning. Two men who had for several years been em ployes of Squire A: Cos., of Massachusetts, a firm which has been particularly active in pushing the proposed bill for the brand ing and taxation of lard compounds, them selves used in ono of their brands of lard, products the rendering of the heads, feet and otfal parts of the bog. LOOKS SUSPICIOUS. On cross-examination, the witnesses stated that they had left the employ of Souire & Cos. on Saturday last, huving l>een offered a better position’ with Fairbanks & C>.,of Chicago. They had been promised this by Henry Eckstiue, oue of Fairbanks & Co.’s employes, who said that if they would come here and testify tnev would get good posi tions in Chicago. Their expenses while here were paid. COTTON OIL IN PETROLEUM TANKS. Mr. Cromwell, of the counsel, said that allusion having been made to the use of petroleum tanks for the transportation of cotton seed oil, be wished to put on record the affidavits o shippers through the South to the subject. These affidavits declare that most of the cotton seed oil is shipped in tanks exclusively used for that purpose. Some is shipped in kerosene tanks, but in such rase-i the can. when the kerosene is drawn off, is thoroughly cleaned and steamed. He also read a telegram from a provision inspector at Ht. Ixiuisto the effect that he had examined three tank cars which had previously been used to transport petro leum, containing cotton seed oil. There was no trace of petroleum in the cotton seed oil, which was perfectly sweet. Legal Tender Currency Notes. Washington, March 20. —In the House to-day Mr. Weaver introduced a bill pro viding for the issue of legal tender treasury notes in lieu of notes estimated as lost or destroyed. It was referred. SAVANNAH, GA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1888. MEN WHO LIVE BY TOIL MR. O’NEILL POSING AS THEIR CHAMPION IN THE HOUSE. He Starts the Ball Rolling for the Day by Introducing a Bill to Restrict the Sale of the Products of Convict Labor to the State in Which They Are Made. Washington, March 30. —1n the House to-day Mr. O’Neill introduced a bill to pro tect free labor aud the industries in which it is employed from the injurious effects of convict labor by confining the sale of goods, wares and merchandise manufactured by convict labor to the State in which they are produced. A penalty of a fine and im prisonment and forfeiture of the goods is imposed for any violation of the law. The bill was referred. Mr. O’Neill, from the Committee on Labor, reported a bill to establish a depart ment of labor. It was referred to commit tee of the whole. He also reported a bill to prevent the product of convict labor from being furnished to, or for use in, any de partment of the government. This was put on the House i^iendar. Mr. Tarsney, of Michigan, from the Com mittee on Labor, reported a bill to prevent the employment of convict and alien labor on the public works. It w r as put on the House calendar. DAYS FOR LABOR BILLS. In the morning hour to-da.v the House resumed consideration of the resolution as signing days for t he transaction of business reported by the Committee on Labor. OBSTRUCTIVE MEASURES. The opponents of the resolution, led by Mr. Rogers, of Arkansas, proceeded to ob structive methods to prevent action. After one roll call Mr. O’Neill stated that he was willing to amend the resolution by striking out the clause limiting the time of the de bate on each measure called up. He would do this, he said, in order to remove the pre text under which the gentlemen were re sorting to filibustering tactics. Mr. Rogers said the gentlemen had no right to impugn the motive of any gentle man bv charging that he was acting under pretext. The charge made by the gentle man from Missouri was not true. So far from acting under a pretext he was acting in good faith and endeavoring to do the country a benefit. GROUND OF HIS OBSTRUCTION. The reason he was offering obstruction to this bill was that the Committee on La bor, with four oills on the calendar, was asking to have four days assigned to it, when appropriation bills remained undis posed of and when the Committee on Ways aud Means was maturing a bill affecting the interests of honest labor a hundred times more than any conceivable proposition over which the Committee on Labor had jurisdiction. Mr. O’Neill mentioned seven important bills upon the calendar under the report of the Committee on Labor. “I will tell these gentlemen,” he said, “that you (indicating Mr. Rogers) have talked out this morning hour, that you have accomplished your purpose, and you have simply been a tool that had been used for that purpose.” Mr. Rogers demanded that the words be taken down, which was done, and they were read at the Clerk’s desk. O’NEILL APPLAUDED. Mr Cox, of New York, moved that the gentleman from Missouri be allowed to pro ceed in order, and the motion being agreed to, Mr. O’Neill resumed the floor amid ap plause. He said that the duties of the mem bers of the Committee on Labor were very arduous, and that the gentlemen of that committee were placed in a very peculiar position, being liable to be denounced as demagogues, and as catering to working men whenever they brought in a bill in the interest of labor. As chairman of that committee, he had been obliged to stand here for four days in an effort to secure con sideration of a number of important labor bills, and see time frittered away by men who, as leaders of the House, should be the first to respond to the demands of the work ingmen for the right to be heard. [Ap plause.] TOUR DATS NAMED. Mr. Buchanan, of New Jersey, in behalf of the Committee on Labor proposed an elimination of the objectionable clause, and this having I teen agreed to. Mr. Rogers withdrew his opposition, and the resolution was adopted. It setsjaside March 30 anl 31, April 18, and May 18, for the purpose stated. Mr. O’Neill withdrew any remarks of a personal and offensive character, being, he said, willing to forgive everybody and any body. In pursuance of the terms of the resolution just adopted the floor was accorded to the Committee on Labor, and bills were passed for the protection in their wages of mechanics, laborers and servants in the Dis trict of Columbia and the Territories, and extending the provisions of the eight-hour law to letter carriers. The hill referring to the Court of Claims for adjustment the ac counts of laborers, workmen and mechanics arising under the eight-hour law, was dis cussed, without action, until the House ad journed. Passed by the Senate. Washington, March 30. —The Senate to day passed bills tc provide for warehous ing fruit brandy; for the relief of the iron clad builders—the Peri lies and the McKays; touching the grade of Commander in the Navy, and to correct an error in relation to an appointment therein. This was the ease or Commander Quackenbush, and caused considerable debate. At'tsr an ex ecutive session the Senate adjourned. Cotton Brokers Assign. New York, March 30.—W. T. Miller & Cos. to-day announced on the Cotton Ex change tiieir inability to meet their en gacements. Tho house is a very old one. The liabili ties are not stated, but are estimated at from $lB,OOO t 0530,000. Thu Arm announce ability to pay everything. The suspension was caused by the failure of customers to answer calls tor margins. More Work for Postmasters. W ashington, March 20.—The Postmas ter Genera! to-day issued a circular letter requiring all post masons heretofore exempt from the rule, whose compensation is s.'>oo or more per annum, to stamp upon the backs of ali letters received the date and time of arrival. Tins requirement is also extended to all distributing offices of whatever class. A Fireproof Workshop. Washington, March 30. —ln the House to-day Mr. Rockwell, of Massachusetts, called up the bill appropriating $75,000 for tho erection of a fireproof workshop at tho national armory at (Springfield, Mass. Mr. Bland fought the measure at every point, but it was filially passed. Tallahassee's Public Building. Washington. March 30. —Senator Pasco reported favorably to-day, from the Com mittee on Public Buildings and Grounds, the bill to appropriate $75,000 for the erec tion of a public building at Tallahassee. COLORED EXPOSITIONS. Congress Apt to Vote Money for Augusta and Atlanta. Washington, March 30.—Frederick Douglass and Rev. Mr. Dunger, together with Wright and Walker, representing the colored people's corner of the Augusta (Oa.) Exposition of next October, asked the House Committee on Appropriations to-day to put a $50,000 appropriation for the corner in t he sundry civil bill. They urged that this was a recognition and encouragement due the colored people, and said that the exhibition would be not a local affair, but national in its character, showing the advancement made by the colored people since their liberation. Augusta, they said, was about the center of their wealth and advance ment. COLORED NABOBS. There was one colored man in that city whose wealth was placed at $-100,000. The assessed taxable vMue of the property owned by colored people in Augusta, they said, was more than $500,000, aud they haft about $350,000 in the banks. They made a decided impression on the committee. A sub-committee was appointed, with Mr. Butter worth, of Ohio, at the head of the Republicans and Mr. Clements, of Georgia, at the head of the Democrats, which will report in favor of appropriating $25,000f0r this purpose. The representatives of the corner will see the Senate Appropriations Committee about it. They will have no difficulty there. ATLANTA’S COLORED EXPOSITION. Mr. Blair’s bill to encourage the holding of a national industrial exposition of the arts and products of the colored lace in Atlanta in 1889, was to-day reported favor ably from the Committee on Education and Labor. The amount to be appropriat ed hi aid of the exposition is reduced from $600,000 to $400,000, and provision is made for admitting exhibits from abroad free of duty. UNCLE SAM’S POOR MOUTH. Customs Employes Must Stand a Temporary Cut. Washington, March 30. Estimates made at the Treasury Department indicate that the present rate of expense of collect ing the revenue from customs cannot lie maintained up to the close of the present fiscal year under the available balance of the general appropriation without creating a deficiency of $400,000. Secretary Fair child has therefofe determined upon a re duction of expenses to that amount during the remainder of the fiscal year, being $lOO,OOO a month. HOW IT WILL BE MADE. The reduction has been apportioned among the different customs collection dis tricts and the collectors have been in structed to readjust their salary aeeounts and other expenses so as to bring the total expense within the limit fixed upon. As the force nan not be red need in numbers with out seriously? crippling the service, a saving can only be effected by a general reduction of salaries. Congress will be asked to pro vide for service upon the present basis for the balance of the fiscal year, and if that is done the reduction will be only tem porary. RICE FROM ABROAD. A Charge that the Savannah Custom House Is in Error. Washington, March 20.—The Treasury Department is investigating, at the request of Representatives from the rice growing districts, the charge that cleaned rice is ad mitted as unclean at the custom house. The latest charge is lodged against the Savan nah custom house. The Treasury Depart ment has sent the samples submitted in the case to experts in New York for examina tion and a report. In the meanwhile Secre tary Fairchild has written Chairman Mills that he trusts the Committee on Ways and Means will make provisions in the tariff bill against such errors. Put on the Senate Calendar. Washington, March 30.—1n the Senate to-day among the bills reported from com mittees and placed on the calendar were the following; To authorize the Secretary of the Treas ury to apply the surplus money in the Treasury to the purchase of United States bonds and to prepayment of interest. Notice was given by Mr. A drich, who re ported this bill, that lie would call it up at an early date. Tennessee’s Proposed Arsenal. Washington, March 30.—The House Committee on Military Affairs to-day re ported the bill authorizing the construction of an arsenal for tbe construction of ord nance and ordnance stores at Columbia. Tenn. It was referred to the committee of the whole. Nominated by the President. Washington, March 30.—The Preslden 1 has nominated Strother M. Stock lager, of Indiana, to lie Commissioner of the General Land Office, and Thomas J. Anderson, of lowa, to be Assistant Commissioner of tbe General Land Office. Charlotte's Public Building. Washington, March 30.— 1n the House to-day Mr. Dibble, from the Committee on Public Buildings, reported tbe bill for the "redion of a public building at Charlotte, N. C. It was referred to the committee of tbe whole. A SCHOONER IN TWO COLLISIONS. Captain and Mate Escape, But the Vessel Lost With the Crew. Baltimore, March 30. —Tho bark Serene, Capt. Segorman, at this port to-day from Rio Janiero, brought Capt. McLeod and Mate McDonald, of the schooner Florenco Rogers, from Charleston for New York, with railroad tie-. Aiiout 3 o’clock on tiie morning of March 13, when some distance south from Capo Henry, the Serene collided with the schooner, by which her jibbuom and catheads were carrie 1 away, and about 35 feet of her bulwarks were broken. The Captain and mate of tho schooner suc ceeded in boarding the hark, when the Rogers drifted off and not seen again. a previous collision. Capt. McLeod, of tho Florence Rogers, reports that about thr, e hours previous to tbe collision with the Herere his vessel was in collision with an unknown three-masted schooner in which ue lost bis jibboom and bowsprits. After the collision with the Serene the schooner began to fill rapidly, and seeing no hope to save tbe schooner himself andjmato got to the Serene, but the crew could not. Tbe schooner tiad previously lost her boat. Both captains report it heavy sea, and tbe wind blowing slxty-flve to seventy miles an hour when the vessels collided. Died at Greenville. Greenville, 8. C., March 30. —Thad H. Burdell, of Charleston, Deputy Clerk of the United Hfates District Court for 8 >ntb Carolina, and brother of R. F Burdell, of the Bayannab National Bank, died here to day of consumption, aged 35 years. MILLS STICKS BY HIS BILL REPUBLICAN ONSLAUGHTS INVA RIABLY REPULSED. Louisiana’s Representatives Still Hoping That There Will be a Change in the Committee’s Schedules on Sugar and Rice Thoy Are Doomed to be Disappointed. Washington, March 20.—1n addition to those already indicated, several amendments weretgsado by the Ways and Means Com mittee in the Mills tariff bill before its oora pleticnl in committee. One of these touches ornamented earthenware, which is made dutiable by the bill at 40 per cent, ad valorem. This earthenware is, by amend ment, raised to the class above tt in tho bill and made to pay a duty of 45 per cent, ad valorem, whereas the present duty is 55 per cent. In the iron schedule the entire clause re lating to steel ingots and fixing the duty on that class of manufactures, which was re classified to some extent at 57 per rent., ad valorem, was stricken from the bill, leav ing the duty at the present figure of 45 per cent, ad valorem. SILK GLOVES go HIGHER. In the section relating to gloves and fix ing the duty on them at 40 per cent, ad valorem an exception was made in the case of gloves made of silk taffeta, which were placed at 50 per cent, ad valorem to equal the duty on the silk from which they are manufactured. Hemp, flax and jute twine, which now pay about 80 percent, duty ad valorem, and which the original bill pro poses to place at 25 per cent., was still further reduced last night to 15 per cent. '4he present indications are that the bill will be reported to the House in tho early part of next week, although the committee lias not yet formally directed a report to lie made. practically finished. The committee lias practically completed the tariff bill. The Republicans saw their factious opposition hurt them without help ing their cause at all, and so came down finally to business. Mr. Reed objected to every provision in the bill and moved to strke them out one after the other. The Democrats quietly voted to keep them all in, except where they had agreed to certain changes. The Louisiana men are greatly disappointed that no changes have ben made in the sugar and rice schedules. They still cherish the hope that to-morrow when the bill is finally considered ill committee some changes may lie made in the direction they desire. There is very .little prospect of this, however. TALKED IT OVER. The revenue reformers of the committee got togather to-day and talked these things over. They came to the conclusion that they had better leave the provisions in their bill relating to sugar and rice just as they are. Chairman Mills has prepared the report of the majority ou tho Dill, with tho assist ance of his colleagues. It will probably be presented to the House Thursday. The Republicans of the committee, like the Republicans in the House, are still divided as to what should be done. They have not been aide to agree upon a bill. Messrs. Reed and Kelley would like Mr. Randall’s bill woll enough. Messrs. Browne and Burrows prefer a bill reducing the so bacco taxes, cutting down or repealing the sugar duties, placing salt, lumber and some other articles on the free list, with possible reductions in the tariff schedules. Mr. McKinley is non-committed. IN LINE WITH THEIR PARTV. Their positions are .substantially those of the Eastern and Western Republicans re spectively. Until they come to some har monious agreement the minority report of the Republicans of the committee will prob ably not be made. Mr. Read will probably write the minority report, and if he does will pour out his feelings. The revenue re formers of tho Ways and Means Committee feel more confident than ever that their bill will receive favorable consideration in tho House They have not given out any estimates of the number of votes it will receive for tho good reason that such estimates at this early stage are practically worthless, but they agree in saying that the bill grows stronger con stantly. Mr. Randall’s bill remains in its pigeon hole in the committee. It will not be dis turbed. _ GALTMAN & CO.’S COLLAPSE. Two Attachments Granted a New York Creditor. New York, March 20.—Judge Barrett, of the Supreme Court, has granted two attachments against the property in this city of Galtman <fc Cos., bankers, of Aber deen, Miss., one in favor of Ixihmaii, Btern & Cos., for SIO,OOO on a promissory note, and the other in favor of the Louisville blanking Company for $5,000 on a bill of exchauge. Jacob Galtman, the senior partner and capitalist of the firm, attempt, nl suicide oil Sunday last.. Tne liabilities are reported as upward of $250,000. Four banks of this city are said to be creditors. ABERDEEN EXCITED. New Orleans, March 20.—A special to the Picayune from Aberdeen, Miss., says: “The excitement over the failure of the bnnk'of dal!man A - Cos. is unabated. Every thing belonging to tbe Galtlnans, even their silverware, has been attached. It Is now believed that the liabilities of the firm w ill reach #lOO,OOO. The bank vault was opened to day and was found to contain only $lO,OOO in cash, including a lot of mu Mate*l currency. Meyor Gattiimn is binned for the fail sire. He is known to have been a heavy operator in cotton futures. Every train coming into the city brings some anxious creditor or depositor, who nuts to know if there is any chance of getting any cf bis money. The belief now is that the OaltiiiaiM will not pay twenty cents on the dollar. "B. C. Binis, the oldest and one of the most prominent grocery merchants in the place, hail a receiver ap|*>inte l this evening to take charge of his business. His assets are said to be ample to pay all his liabili ties.” MURDERED FOR GOLD. The Criminals Find $7,000 in Bullion on Their Victims. Phoenix, Abi., March 30.—Cyrus Orib bel, superintendent of the Vulture mine, and a man named Johnston were robbed and killed at Nigger Wells, thirty miles from here, while on the way from the mine to this place wilh bar bullion valued at about $7,000. The bodies were found by a Mexican woman, who reported the fact, and a jmjhsc was organized and started for the see o at once. The locality is considered a dangerous one and Wells, Fargo & Cos. abandoned thoir office at Vulture several vears ajo aft ir having bean robbed of $*5,000 worth of bullion at the same spot. It is stated that a reward will be offered by the county and Territory for the arrest of the robbers FREDERICK'S CLEMENCY. An Extensive Amnesty to be Pro claimed To-Morrow. Berlin, March 30.— dt is expected that, Emperor Frederick will proclaim an exten sive amnesty on Thursday. In the Reichstag to-day the President read the address of that body in reply to the Imperial message. The address ex presses the gratitude of the Reichstag to the Emperor for overcoming all obstacles and assuming without delay, the imperial dignity and its rights and duties, thanks his majesty for Ins a -surances, and expresses sorrow for the loss of the great ruler, to whom Germany owes her reconstruction and her unity, whose life was devoted to strengthening Germany's influence and position; who was t he guardian of her peace, and whose efforts w ore aimed to promoting the welfare of all classes. The Reichstag assures Emperor Frederick of its unswerving fidelity in order to ac complish all the tasks Kmjieror "William marked out and bequeathed to G rip ans as a legacy. The address was adopted without debate. The session was closed with three cheers for Emperor Frederick. qUINQUEKNIAL PARLIAMENTS. Emperor Frederick has signed the quin quennial Parliament bill. Gen von Loe succeeds Von Pape as Com mandant of the Corps of the Guard at Ber lin. Gen. von Pape will lie given another command. Gen. von Hoesler succeeds Count von Waldersee as yuart master General. The removal of Count vou Waldersee has caused much surprise, as it has always been sup posed that he would succeed Count von Nloltke. The removal Is supposed to lie due to Prince Bismarck’s annoyance over the anli Semitic affair. Emperor Frederick’s voice is greatly im proved. His quietude has relieved the con ges! ion of his throat. His condition to-day was the best since the operation. It is reported that Chaplain Btoecker has circulated gratis among the lower classes 33,00(1 copies of his Sunday paper, contain ing a violent tirade against Mackenzie. FRANCE’S HERO OF THE HOUR. Crowds at Carnot's Funeral Shout "Vive Boulanger." Paris, March 30. —Premier Tirard to-day informed the Chamber of Deputies that the military tribunal would inquire into the case of Gen. Boulanger. The order of the day was then demanded by the government and voted by 34!) ayes to 93 noes. The funeral of Senator Carnot, father of the President, was held to-day. After the funeral, as the cortege was leaving the cemetery, a crowd of people rushed toward M. Ferry’s carriage snouting, "a has Ferry, vivo Boulanger.” Order was Anally restored, but M. Ferry was compelled to accept police protection. In the Chanilier of Deputies to-day M. Cassngnae spoke in behalf of Gen. Boulan ger, protesting against bis removal from the army. lie disclaimed being a partisan of Gen. Boulanger. During his remarks he quoted from an article in the Horner Courier of Berlin which asserted that Die government removed Gen. Boulanger at Germany’s request. M. Tirard deolared that M. Cassagnac’s remarks were insulting and requested that he would not continue to talkjin that strain. [ A nnlause. ] The President of the Chamber then ad dressing M. Cassngnae said: “The country will judge the speaker's words.” CONVERSION OF CONSOLS. The House of Commons Approves the Commission's Proposition. London, March 20.—The debate on the conversion of the consol’s bill was resumed in the House of Commons this evening. Mr. Fowler (Liberal) moved to omit the provision for the payment to bankers of a commission of 6 pence on stock oonverted through them. Kir John Lubbereck defended the pro vision. Ho said bankers could not bo ex pected to co-operate without such a pro vision. Kir William Vernon Harcourt said that this was the first precedent of an English government paying a commission for get ting something done by a stock exchange winch ought to lie done by itself. Mr. Goschen said the government last year converted £50,000,000 from 4 per cent. Io :p ; per cent, through bankers, paying them a commission of i percent. The busi ness of the conversion cost much trouble. He would therefore ask the House to adhere to the toms of the bill. Mr. Gladstone said that Mr. Goschen bad not made out a case for the proposal. It was an extravagant payment. Mr. Goschen responded that if payment was refused the whole scheme would be aground. The commission was approved by a vote of 344 to 177. This division practically carries the conversion scheme. THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT BILL. —" ■ • The Times Comments Favorably on the Measure. London, March 20.—The Tinuu, com menting on the local government bill for England and Wales, introduced in the House of Commons last night, says: “No Liberal reformer could have gone more thoroughly to the root of the matter than has Mr. Ritchie. The principle of the bill will probably be extended next vear to Kcotland, and the Unionists will be de lighted to recognize the feasibility of giving similar Institutions to Ireland as soon as the mass of the Irish fieople show themselves fit for them. Parl3' Traffic in Decorations. Pauls, March 30.—Gen. Cafferel and Madame Lbnou-In were sentenced to-day for complicity in the sale of decorations. In the former’s case extenuating circum stance* we: e f ti"d, and the court only im posed a fine of H.ooof. The latter was sen tenced tosix months’ imprisonment, Russian Literary Censorship. Hr. Petersburg, March 30.—A new law decrees that any one circulating literary scientific works without sanction of the press censor wilt lie liable to a year’s im prisonment. PICKED UP AT SEA. The Crew of a Schooner from Doboy Badly Frost Bitten. New York, March 20.—The ship Record, Capt. Forbes, from Calcutta, reports that March 17, about seventy miles southeast of Cape May, he fell in with an open boat containing Capt. Whitmore and the crew, eight men iu all, of the schooner W. L. White from Doboy, Oa., for New York In an exhausted con dition. Ho took them on board and brought them to this port. They had abandoned their vessel on the day or the terrible bliz zard and had suffered terrible hardships, nearly all beiug frost bitten. l PRICE #lO A YEAR I 1 6 CENTS A COPY, f A STATE BADLY SKINNED KENTUCKY'S TREASURER SHORT $ 1 60,000 TO $400,000. The Defaulter Had Been In Office Twenty-one Years and Was Known as “Honest Tate” His Crookedness Known to Have Been doing on at Least Eleven Years. Louisville, Ky., Marc A 30.— A special to the Eeeniny Times from Frankfort, Ky., states that Gov. Buckner this morning suspended the Treasurer of the State, James XV . Tate. Mr. Tato is charged with defalcation in his olllce, and it is said he has fled from the State. The defaulting official has beon Treasurer for 31 years. He was considered the soul of honor, and the news will produce a tremendous sensation throughout the State. A later dispatch from Frankfort states that the investigation immediately insti tuted on rec mmendatiou of Gov. Buckner bits up to 11 o’clock this morning disclosed a dellcit in Mr. Tute’s office of *150,000, and that the irregularities seems to run back eleven years. HOW IT WAS DISCOVERED. The discovery of Tate’s shortage is the re sult of an examination of his books, com menced a few days ago by an expert ac countant. Tho Governor has placed tha Treasurer’s office in charge of Auditor Hewitt and Attorney General Hardin In his message to the Legislature Gov. Buck ner says he has reasons for believing the de ficit to be large, and he recommends that an Immediate investigation be ordered. In the House a committee was at once appointed and ordered to prosecute an in vestigation in connection with the ot%ml in charge of tho office. Pending the inves tigation tha office will be closed. THE STATE NOT EMBARRASSED The State has abundant resources at hand. All current expenses, payments, dues, etc., will bo met without interruption or delay. Treasurer Tate’s bond is for #300,000 and the shortage is well covered. He was ii Louisville Satuolav night, when he was ob served to be drinking hard—an unusual thing for him. Since that time he has nots beau sen and his whereabouts is unknown. A CLEAN SWEEP. James William Tate was elected State Treasurer in 1867, having been nominated by the Democrats. He has been re-elected continuously in each election since then, making his tenure of office twenty years on Aug. 31 last. In tho Inst Democratic cam paign Mr. Tate had no opposition for the nomination. Everybody laughed at the idea of opposing “Honest Old Tate.” He received the Democratic nomination for the tenth consecutive time. ALWAYS NEAR THE HEAD. Ilis majority has always stood among the largest on his ticket, and merry, honest, jokey “Dick” Tate has been one of the most widely known and universally liked men in Kentucky. In addition to being State Treasurer ho was commissioner of the sink ing fund and was one of those entrusted with the management of the State peniten tiary. A dispatch just received from Frankfort says a resolution has been offered in tha House authorizing the offering of a reward of #5,000 for the arrest of Tate. It is a joint resolution, and lies over one day, under the rules. MAY REACH #400,000. The exact amount of his shortage is not possible ns yet to state, but it is any whera from #150,000 to #400,000. The first inti mation of the shortage came yesterday morning when a comparison of the audi tor’s statement of what should be in back showed that such amouat was not there. This, coupled with the fact that tho Treasurer hail not beu seen since Friday morning, when ha left ostensibly for Louisville, caused hn examination to be made with the result thut the State’s money was discovered to have been squandered in large amounts. The investigation was brought about by tha strango conduct of Tate himself. THINKINO or HIS Ft.IOHT. On Thursday last Senator Wright state* that lie bail n long talk with Tate, who ques tioned him closely and at great length as to the exact conditions of the extradition treaty between tho United States and Can aan. Ho also made lengthy inquiries on the treaty between the United States and Mexico. At the conclusion of the talk, which was one of great length, Tate thanked Senator Wright for the in formation. it began to lie rumored around tile street that there was only a small amount in the banks to the credit of Tate, aud when the Treasurer was not seen on the street Wednesday or Saturday, Au ditor Hewitt suggested that an investiga tion of tho circumstances should immedi ately be made. NO CLEW TO WHEnE THE MONEY WENT. What has liecorrie of the money no one can tell. Tate never speculated nor gam bled. He Is said not to have been an extravagant liver, but year by year the money has leaked out, the shortage seeming to run back a dozen years. Mr. Herndon of th is city, who was at on< time teller of the l<anl; at, Frankfort, says that Tate’s defalcation involves parties and Htate officials of high standing. He says that it was the custom of many of the State officers to go to Tate and get him to cash notes for them, promising to pay as soon as they had their Touchers. FAILED TO PAT UP. When they secured their Touchers, how ever, they would defer payment, and the good-natured Treasurer, failing to push these claims, accumulated such a mass ot such securities that at this time it must sim ply bo appalling. There is no indication that he took any amount with him. The largest, part of tlio shortage seems to have occurred in 1886 and 'B7. The official re port of the investigators alone will furnish definite light as to when and to whom Tate loaned money. It has been Tate’s custom to settle up every year, and never till now was there the least hesitation on the part of the Treasurer to compare accounts with the Auditor. NO ONE KNOWS WHERE HE IS. Some say Tate has gone to Mexico, other* to Canada, and other* that he lias not left the State His wife and daughter are very much prostrated. A dispatch from Frank fort to nn afternoon paper says: “The experts have not yet gone far enough in the investigation, but rumor says that the defalcation has alreadv run up as high us #4oo,uuO, and there are no signs of cessation in the discovery of these startling facte.” River and Harbor Money. Washinoton, March 20. —The House River and Harbor Committee has adopted u rigid rule against giving out information about the provisions of the river and har nor hill, which has prevented even members of the House from learning how their dis tricts are coming out. The only informa tion t but ha- yet. gotten out is thnt the total appropriation will be about HR,1)00,000, although the regular estimates are only *10,000,000.