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MR, BYRNES’ METHODS, (DESCRIBING THB DETBCTTVS EKR VIOB OF NEW YORK. How It H aa Been Brought to Ita Pro* •DtSt&ta of Porfecttop and How It Compares With That of European Cl tiee-Protecting Wall Street. iCofiljriaM 1888.1 Tfrw York, April (6.—The question is often asked, "How does the New York pnMee forest especially the d'tx-tive bu reau, i-omnare with th<ise of ■ether great cities!" The subject is an interesting one, and affords a Held tor Toluminous discus sion, but a,brief resume of the methods ob taining ia some of the princinal capitals ■will show the comparis n with suillciont clearness. I think the results show, plainly enough, the justice of tiie old claim that New York has “the finest police force in the world.” but it is interesting to inqiuru why it is the best, and how these results have been attained. It Is not merely be cause of judicious selection of men and the admirable discipline of our force that it is so efficient, though, of course, without such selection and such discipline, it would fail in efficiency. It is no easy matter for one connected with the Now York force to comment on othera without seeming in vidious, but certain comparisons, I tnink, are apparent, and may be justly drawn by any one who is familiar with the facts. My rsn comparisons, however, must be con fined chiefly to the detective sorvice. The organization of the police force in different cities varies in numerous particu lars, some of than important. In Lon lon,the city is divided as New York, bu ia London the word used is “division” instead of “pre cinct,” and each divison is in charge of a “division superintendent.” Each superin tendqpt makes a daily report to the assist ant cbnumssioner of police, whose secreta ry reads each and every report carefully and determines whether the sorvice , of a detective will be necessary in any given ram. If one is needed, an abstract of the report, an far os it relates to t e case in question, is transmitted to the superintend ent of detectives. This last official sends for bis chief inspector and gives him the de tails of the case as he has iearned them, and Use chief inspector selects the man who is I*> do his work. Asa matter of course, this elaborate routine may be shortened, and oc oasionally is, by the report of a case directly Ho the chief superintendent, but the ordi nary usage is to go through the various offices mentioned. The contrast between this custom and the one in vogue in New York is very wide. In this city a cose of any importance is re ported at once to the detective bureau, sither to me personally or to the sergeant, at the desk, ana a man is immediately sent nut, or more than one, if necessary. There is no droumlooution, and no form'is prescribed for reporting, further than that every po liceman must, of course, rep.irtall he learns at bis own station bouse. The captain in New York, however, who would wait for the regular hour of making his returns be fore putting a detective at work or sending to me in a case of sufficient importance, would be promptly set down as having and denlv gone mad. In extradition cases, the contrast is still more markol. In London each cases are rarely acted on without a warrant, which is obtained by the secretary of the legation of the oountry which de mands the extradition. This warrant is then taken to the chief inspector of the po liae who details a man to make tiie arrest. For the services of the detective, a charge ts made, covering the extra time that may be consumed, together with all the dis bursements he may have made. This state ment of expeuses, by the wav, has to be •Worn to. In case the complainant in the ease is not able to pay the detective's bill, it ia rendered to the legal representative of government which has asked for the extradition of tfaa fugitive. In New York, If notice ia reoeived, by ca ble or otherwise, from a responsible party, of the expected arrival here of a fugitive from justice, it always comes in dupheato, one massage being sent to the police and one to tho consul of the country. A man is immediately sent to meet the expect**! ship and the fugitive is promptly arrested and turned over to the United States com rni**ienr*.either Shields,Lyman or Osborn, whichever one is sitting. Then the legal repreoeinaiive of the country which has aeut ior the man is notified—generally it i* the legal firm of Condert lira, as they represent all the foreign countries which have extradition treaties with the United States, except i g England and Germany. For our servioe, no ehargo whatever is made, the municipality paying all the ex panse of of polios duty of every kind. The matter of arresting without warrants has been much discussed, and it is certain that there is greater latitude in this respect allowed to our police than in most of the European countries. It u seldom, however, that substantial injustice it done by tbit kind of action bare, though technically a fugitive's rights may parbaps be occasionally infringisl. The laws punishing an oAouNVor fa.se arrest, are, howtver, such at to a (ford no ground for action uuleta it is shown that the arrest was malicious. Consequently a suit is sel dom brought against a policeman for false arrest The men all know the law and are careful to keep within it. Of course, it is better for a man to have a warrant when he makes an arrest, and when it is practic able we always procure one, but hot one of my men would think for a momeut of letting a suspicious person get awsy from him because he had no warrant. They will generally bring them to my office saying "‘The inspector wants to see you.” Asa general thing the person arrested will say "‘Wbat for f But thedeteotive seldom tells him. He usually says “Obi I dou't know. He just wants to talk with you about some thing. " Then if the person resists or re fuses to go he is arrested. Generally, how ever, they come to the office without inak- ing trouble. in Berlin there 1 a chief of detectives who assigns the 'detectires to whatever parts of the city their services are likely to neneediMl. Asa rule these detectives dis guise themselves, and their duty is simply to shadow persons susj>©cted of crime, there being others who make arrest* whoa re quired. Each and every hotel must semi to the oflioe of the chief of detectives a list of their gneete, and the time they ar ived, and when they leave they must also send notices to the chief of do tec ti ves. Tbe detectives usually visit the hotels daily, and they are also to be found around the sever *'Al railroad depot*. If they make an arrest it is very seldom that their names are pub lis 1 ed. The police patrol day and nights a* they do here, aud they also have gens d’armM patrolrag who, however, are goner ally under t.h- jurisdlotion of the secretary •f war. If an outside case is reported, tin robbery, etc., the chief of the district in which the crime waecommitted will usually detail two detective* on the case, one of whom investigates the case, and thu other watches the per* m ausrvctud of commit ting the crime. Iu hhe ovont of any great deaoniti ation of any kind, the thieves and £irk|>ockets are generally arrosted before- This Ust measure of precaution is by no mean* a bad plan, and has occasionally been auopted here with excellent results. An •vsmple r if it was on ,the occasion of Gnu. Grant's funeral, wh''-#qthere was an extra entinary rush of outi.4erv to tbe city and when the crowd* that/gathers! to the pageant wr# of unusuAl magnitude. I bad PT'ofearfooai thiel a*ul pick peck t in this city under arr&*t iAsforihand and kept toera iorconflneoieut ilutil after tbe crowds h*a dispersed, and ruTl men fca<J orders to arrest every outride the city, on sight. It is iShiVs ea y to make a chart* agai st a jWledlLoaal criminal, on viik *comofitting magistrate will hold bi fyr a stent tho* Tme rwsnit in the in * *hre mentioned, was tWt there was only corny lalnt of t.hgft.mM&e on that day, m about a suffer watch that wn afterwards picked up in the street where It had probably been dropped by accident. It is a very common thing for the authori ties of any city where there is ab ut to be a great pageant, or a great crowd for any eas<>n, such as the inauguration at Wash ington or the Murdi Gras in New Odeou.s, to send to New York for two of our men to assist in preventing criina This by > means argues any weakness on the part of their own police force, or any Jack of confidence in their own oowers to quell iist urban css. It is done simply be can e >ur men kur>w th “professionals” of New York, especially those who travel from P'laco to place to find crowds. When such a request is received, the men are ge.ie ally -ont m citizen's clothes, and after taking • are to provide themselves with any local riuthorit v that may be necessary, thev go on a ‘till hunt for New York “crooks.” In Franco, the secretary of ths interior, who is a member of the cubit.et, is the head ( f all the police. Next to him in rank comas the prefect of police, who is appoint ed by the government. Then there are the < hieis of the municipal poln'e who are tho heads of the police in their re spective cities. it may bo said here that it i* only in tho larger cities that they have the municipal police. Under tho direction of the chiefs of municipal jKilice in the dif ferent cities, arc the cjinuiisvure* de police, whose duties are similar to t hoe of captains ia the New York polios department, with this exception, however, that In Franca the commissairfs are magistrates. In Paris there is a central department, which is un der tiie direction of the prefect de police, and the force there (not the uniformed force) is divided into brigades who have cl large of Nome special part of the service. For litstaneo, a man'* watch :s stolen from him by a prostitute, either oil the street or in a house of pros, itutiou, he makes com plaint to the commis ire de police of the district, the complaint is taken and then the matter is referred to the brigade having charge of the houses of prostitution for looking after tho lodging houses, for ge.ier ai information, etc. This last is not to be confouuded with our bureau of general in formation, established for the convenience of the public. It is the force relied upon by the authoritieH for a supply of such g*u oral informal ion us t hey may dwur* on any auii ail subjects. This general kuoaledgo covers a wider field than the Now York po lice force needs to cover, for one special function (of which 1 will say more present ly) of the French police and the Europe m police generally, is to exert an active, if s - influence in politics. The police force over there is generally the moat potent weapon of the party in power. If a murder is committed In a Krenoh city the order of proceeding is as follows: Ti o oommissaire of the district being noti fied of ih" crime reports the matter to the prefect de police; he, accompanied bv his secretary, a judge destruction and the chief of the secret police,go to tbes-'eneof the crime, view the body, which cannot be re moved until they have seen :L if a detective receives information that would lea l to the immediate arr* st of a person charged with crime, uo matter of how grave a nature, he cannot make an arrest oh the moment, but must first go the couiuiissaire, or prefect, and r-'port tiie c ise to him. Uo will then i-eml someone to make the arrest. In Paris, and in fact all over Frauo*, the gens d’arm*t do police duty, but they are under the di rection of the secretary .*f war. One radical difference between l our own force and thut of most cities is that w htie the authorities there can hold suspected parsons much m >re easily than we can after they catch them, they cannot or do not secure thorn as often. Iu other words we a'*e allowed t% larger discretion and a wider latitude of actiou in doubtfnl cases, though as is proper enough, we are held t> an ncc.mutability thut is peruaps a little stricter. We do a great deal more toward the pre vention of crime than they do over there, as is easily shown by the fact that u number of well-known thieves in this city go every year or so for a trip across the Atlau ic and generally come back with considerable amounts of money. There are certain ad vantages though which the foreign • police have which we have not, and which we ought not to hava For example, every In >tel keejier in Paris is obliged to report daily to the police a list of all the guests who arrive, and exactly wlmt luggage he has brought with bnn. Such a thing would not be tolerated here. The employment of secret agouti -uien and women, .some of them of the hignest social position—as spies iu the service of the detective police, forms the subject-mat ter for a good many turilUng romances, but such ageutt are not police, they are po litical tools. They would be useless to tbs New York polios, lor tne reason toot it is not in the clubs ami the drawing-rooms that we want to look for criminals. Those are not the pieces where crime is conceived or carried out, as a rule, ami I am obliged to select my people with regard to what I want dose. Another fact, or series of facts, going to allow the justice of what is said about the efficiency of the New York pol.ee in pre venting crime, may be pointed out in the system of detective work done in Wall street. Wheu 1 first took an office and iwr, there, Pray ton Ives, who was then ptwei dent of tho stock exchange, sent tor me and asked why I had gone there. We Fid a lo'tg talk and 1 told liim of numerous ad vantages t int would accrue to the bankers ami brokers if they should have r, plecs at hand where they could call fir the very best order of police help iu any emergency without charge. More than met, the de tective under my commend are etriefiv re sponsible to the public and can be called to account by any citizeu ‘with far more ease than a private detective can be. Mr. Ives saw the force of whale 1 said, and from that time till now tiie stock exchange lias given me all possible aid in the work. In consequence of the system then established, t ♦ has never been any money lost in Wall streot since by the act of any habitual criminal. This is a sharp contrast to former times, when pickpockets and highwaymen were by no means idle. One means which 1 adopted has lieen criti cised some, thou'h I believe not severely. I gave every proi. ssional criminal iu town to understand that thev would I*e arrested on sight if they showed themselves in that neighborhood. Of course, if one of them has legitimate business there, an sometimes happens, he is allowed to go there, but they have to come to me aud explain the business and go in company of one of my men. Of course, this is somewnat arbitrary action, but I fail to see what harm is done by it, ami certainly a great good has be*n accom plished. Thom an H yanks. RIVER ANDHARBOR NOTEa Messrs. Wilder & Cos. clearod yesterday the British Ktoemsdip Kingdom lor Bar celona, with 4,075 bale* of upland cotton, weighing 1.04<,:303 pounds, valued at SJO2, i ■>>. and 3,00 b barrels of rosin, weigh! <g 1,301,180 pounds, valued at ffiJlOfi, and white ><k staves, valuxl at S2UO. Total ! valuation of cargo This i* the last tramp steamer to sail from this port j lui* season. The Norwegian bark August Lefllor was ckwred vest** dav. by Me-srs. Holst ft Cos., for Htutlin with i,.VV) burrels of rosin, we.ghing 1,571. SSU pounds, vulu*! at AH, 10%A Largo by kltssni. Fatersou, Down ing & Cos. Appointments by the President. Wasiwcoton. April A—The Preeider t made the following aonointments to-day ■ Ehen S. Rand of Maine, to be apprr liHr of merchandise in the distriot of Porjetij and r mouth, Me. Geo. C. STiHuias of West Virgiu 4 a to be attorney of toe United ti tales fur the dis trict of West Virginia. B uck lon h Arnica daj va. Th#* be*t Haive iu tbe world for cuts, bruises, form, ulcers, wit.' rheum, fever soree, U tUir, chapped h Q d, chilblains, corns and all skin and positively cure* Piles, or no pay rwxr lir ed. It is guar *nu*'d to give perfect r/ust action, or money tv iJ. Fn-v Sf 6 tvv m per box. Fr*r *Je by Lij>pmau Bros., dr oggisU. THEIR SILVERY TONGUES MRS CONNER THINKS THAT WOMAN 13 A NATURALOaATOEt She Would Have Her Respond to Toaata and Enliven Social Occasions by Her Glinting Glancing Repartee Training Women to Maks After-Din ner Speeches and Extempore Ad dresses. (Copyright 1889.) New York, April, 6.—lt is up in one of the cubbyholes of editorial rooms in the top of the big Veaey street building occu pied by the American I'reas Association. The woman who is talking lifts to her visi tor ope of those striking faces whose unus ual beauty Is accentuated by prematurely white hair. “Women are the born speakers of tho hu man race. Once they overcome their igno rance and timidity they and the world will find this out.” At the Borosii banquet two or three weeks ago they called Eliza Archard Connor tho feminine Uhauncsj M. l>*jjew. To liken one person to another carries with it compara tively little meaning, but Mrs. Connor, who won her spurs as literary editor of the New York World* and whose good things am enjoyed in the pages sent out by the Ameri can Fress Association from Maine to Cali fornia, is one of thfe best known woman journalists of the country, and is gaining a wide repute in these days of after-dinner sallies for bright and graceful speeches which are the delight of her auditors. Mrs. Connor cherishes a dearly beloved theory. It is expressed in the sentence above quoted. Hhe believes to the fullest extent in trip silvery tongue of the sex femi nine. She has even taken holidays from news paper writing to instruct beings iu bounds in the art ■ f thinking on their fe-t and making extempore social addresses, in the millennium, she is convinced, half or more fchaa half the wise and witty speakers in tho great world’s parliament will wear gowns. To the symposium of opinion* on the true sphere of woman she brings her contribution, woman are natural orators and it is a part of their mission on earth to sway public opinion by their eloquence, aided by the battery of bright eyes aud fair countenance*. She swings about in her revolving chair and her eyes light with interest. “Women have the gift of language and its power. They are more often witty than men. Their repartee glints and spark Ins. They arc dowered with the emotionat nature, tho quick, generous feeling, the poetry and the imagination which belong to the oratorical temperament “There is nothing which stand* in their wav bur nervous timidity, and that, uide.d, it is lifting a mountain to remove. But is it not time t at this Mountain wxk cast i ito tbo euf In their charitable and their edu cational and literary organizations women need tho power of l-eady speech more aud more every day. See a woman attempt to introduce a simple resolution in & public meeting, a meeting called in furtherance of some puilanthropic scheme in which she is intelligently interested. Tho leathers on her bonnet quake, her voice is husky, ber knees visibly knocic together and one canuot look without pitying. Seo a group of women attempt to organize and conduct a masting They know nothing of parliamentary usage, and in ten minutes they are in a tangle. It is gall and worm-wood to observe how the reporter covertly laughs at them in the pa lier next day. Rut women have brains, they can learn. Once set on the right track the ease with which they walk in it astonishes themselves. “Co.ild you suggest any training which would help a woman to speak in public?” “It- takes uo little trai mg to speak in private, and society would lie all the better for a revival of the art of conversation. “A convenient list of ‘don’t*’ ought 'to hang beside the toilet table for ready rv for once while one is putting on one’* baU: gown. “Don’t talk about your houy ikeerdmr trials. **D >u't talk about your server t*. “Don’t talk about your babies. “Don’t)—this is very emph'*Lic—don't talk about your physical ailmer.t* Don’t make a sewer of people’s ear* to pour diseases into. 1 remember list* aing ou day to two women wdio met in a railway station. One talked about her then the other aU>ut hoc leetti, then one alout her stom ich and s- 1 on. My ~ead reeled and I was near ly dl before they got through. There are suoh oeeuli# influences at work as might spread an Epidemic in that way. “Dun’U manifest any curiosity about peo ple’s personal affairs. I remember once at the second meeting a woman asked me if uiy Veeth were my own or false oues. ' Don’t say anything unkind. “These are tho six prohibitions. Culti vate a spirit of sympathy, is the first and most important of the affirmative direc tioni. Try to fuel a genuine and warm hearted intorost in people aud without knowing it you will radiate an influence such that they will naturally unfold to you. In this way you may be sure of pleasing, and to please is a great part of a woman’s mission. You will gain, too, the best each person can bring you of entertainment and information. Your social success will be assur.Hi. “For a more specific rule read a good daily newspaper through from beginning- to end every day and so keep yourself abreast of current events. I recommended this course to a lady in one of my last winter’s classes who onrae to me afterward naively delighted. ‘Why,* said sue, ‘it gives me something to talk about in tbe evening to to the gentlemen.’ Hhe bad been married fifteen years, aud it had nfjver occurred to her to keep posted on topics in which the men of her household v ere interested. I can count on my linger', the women of my acquaintance who regularly read tho pajwrs. “Study the telegraphic news especially. Note what is said of public men and public measures, aud have an eye to all discussion* of social, economic mid reformatory ques tions, matters which are becoming woman's special field.” “ And for more public discussions'” “Still, study tbe newspapers. Une of the first requisites for after-dinner speak ing or social addresses or work on the plat form is to keep, n topics of the day, com pletely aw fait. 7 ' 4 And for spvidal preparation?” “Nearly aU women need to learn to stand.” The revolving chair was pushed to one aide, s.ud a figure of uttusuallv tine proportion was o i its feet. The "hands were clasp.*! awkwardly in front, the body bout a lit Jo backward, oue shoulder and one hip * ,ere a trifle higher than their fel low* “D<> you *oe anything ungraceful iu this attitude? This is the way a woman who feeis |\>r the first time strange eyes fixed o i her almost invariable stands.” Vls bauds lot go each other and dropped sily to the sides. Tbe figure poise ! for ward instead of beck, che* up, hip* with drawn to subordinate portion, weight on the balls of the feet instead of the h'*el. “Tbit is tho way she ought to stood. Th > novice moves her arm from the elbow,” and a iunny, familiar, awkward little feminine gesture provoked a smil* “ The begin nings of grace are not possible until one learns that every arm movement mud bo i controlled from the shoulder. A go.tar* of the forearm only is as awkward a* tho Jarky motions of the marionette nr tbe flappi’ g of a seal. There is uo swing about gesticu lation taken from the elbow, it has no curve* Neither must the arm no extended j to Us utmost length unless one would give the impression of fatiguing rigidity. It is 1 a erife rule to allow the elbow to bo bent .sightly.” Tl.e easy sweep which followed illustrutod the words. “One can’t go into the detail* of voice culture or gymnastics, , fr daylight will be gene nud leave u, en • tangled in the DoUartian system. | “What the speech shall consist of depend* TIIE MORNING NEWS: SUNDAY, APRIL 7, Im. altogether on the topic and tbr occasion, but it is usually safe to begin hy telling a funny story. That puts vour audience into a goad huuior and secure* your more se rious point* & hearing. A *tury from your own experience is upt W take bettor than any other kind.” “Ts not presence of mind while introduc ing a seconding a motion of practical value to a tar greater number of women tho* over will be called upon for set oraLpois:'” “If /Tiad ray way in the matter, parlia mgptary usage should be one of the branches of study taught in girls’ schools. '1 here is not now, so far as I know, a single institution in this country in which a grow ing woman is taught how to preside over the simplest meeting, or even where girls are given auv nymtotimrio help or encour agement to form debating classes or s >cie tnss for themselves. The Woman s Chris tian Temperance Union has a department of parliamentary debate and so has the Woman’s Industrial and Educational Union of Washington. Some of the women bo fore whom 1 lectured iu Was >.ingt >a last winter have just organized t club to e*rrv on tho work, which thev call the Pro Rn Natn. The meth -d wo follo wed there was a simple cue. We adopted Kooert*’ Etu.tos of Order and Cushing’s Manual. Then at each meeting the class, for the sake of prac tice, went through tho form of organizing a society by the election of president, vice president, secretary, etc. Each woman took her turn iu appearing on the platform and intro racing the lecturer. A little later subjects were appointed f r discussion and debakes conduct*d according to parliamen tary rules. Each debate was criticised and several women developed into good presid ing officers and export debaters. “There is a very small proportion of women nowadays who do not belong to some church or benevolent society, some literary or social club, some organi zation of one of the many varieties which are failing so largely into feminine bands. They mud learn to manage these meetings in business-like fashion, to dispatch affairs without calling in a man to preside or wasting time in endless trivialities of dis cussion, or they must, resign tb--maolves to being deservedly laughed at aud cartoonexL ” “Do you think that women make good after-dinner speeches?” “Delightful, wnen they got over their distressing timidity and when tho chance is offered; when they are noc fenced off, as l wrote in an artiele a while ago, ‘like a bound boy at a corn huski ig,’ while the mating and the talkiug and the merry-mak ing is going on. Aud at women’s lunches and entertainments how delightful the pow er of extempore speech may be. Yet again, if l bad my way l would have speech-mak ing as much a part of a schoolgirl’s train ing as writing composition. She should be j called on regularly to rise at a mimic din ner or public meeting and makofenespright [ liest, happiest speech that could be coaxed from her lips. Hhe should p actice till she could think >n her feet as readily at least as at her writing desk. “1 wunt to go on record as having faith in the unlimited posst bill Tea of women. I want to see them so develop that in the time coining when we have evolved perfect civilization th>'y s all have the capacity of expression, the wide intaliißeties, the power to picture, to move, to, thrill] which shall give them voice /i *!1 great social questions. 1 want theuvl *nrd in the world’* parliament. Corgr**** will bo symmetrical, no: one-sided, y*e i.” Mrs. Co..nor loaned b V:'* in tbe revolv ing chair ami clasped > 0 young-looking bauds behind the beautiful white hair. Tneu she smiled a g j ; yt lit.le smile which completed the co;> q of her listener. E*iza Putnam Heaton. A Y7Oman's Discovery. “Anothov 'Aunderfill discovery has lieen made. ajr*d Vhat, too, by a lady in this county. Diseayjs fastened its clutches upon her and for ye von years sne withstood its severest teFus, but her vital organs were undermined death seemed imminent. For throe months she coughed Incessantly aud could rot sleep. Hhe bought ot us a bottle of Dr. King's New Discovery for Consumption and was so much relieved on taking first dose that sho slept all night, and with one bottle has been miraculously cured. Her name is Mi-s. Luther Lutz.” Thus write W. <J. Hamrick & Cos., of Shelby, N. C. Get a free trial bottle at Lippmim Bros.’ drug store. TYBK3 ISLAND. Tbe Ocean House Undergoing Thor ough Repairs—A Talk With fc.r # Charles Graham, the Proprietor. “When will you lie ready to receive guests?” asked a News reporter yesterday of Mr. Charley Graham, the proprietor of the Oceau house at Tybee. “Well, that depends somewhat on cir cumstances. I iAii acco nm >date now &il excursionists or picnics, but it will be about the first of May before I will be regularly opened ior the public.” “Do you anticipate a busy seasonf’ was asked. “Oh, yes; the outlook is most flattering, and 1 am making my preparations accord ingly. I have gone to some considerable expense in fitting up tho hotel, and have sent north for my cooks. ' “You propose, then, to give the public good fare.” “Yes, the best the market affords. I feel justified in going to this heavv expense, as have already received several let.ers ask ing for accommodations. My aim is to please our home people.” “Do you give families special rates?” “Yes, I intend to make this a feature— the accommodation of families—aud shall also look after excursions and picnic-. Tyliee island has long been a summer resort and offers many attractions, and visitors can be assured of gertiug the best of fare and the closest attention at the Ocean house. Mr. Graham is a caterer of no mean pretensions, and intends to give satisfaction to all. * Consumers Prefer to have what they eat. as well as what they drink, in a state of purity. This is notably true of whisky in which ar ticle deception and adulteration play so conspicuous a part. The Diamond Grown Rye, for which I have secured the sole agency of Savannah, is a brand of whisky well known in the state of Kentucky, and its name is synony mous with purity ami nigh standing. £>. D. Lester, sole agent, Savannah, Ga. F.very day fresh discoveries are made of some choked sewer pipe, some clogged drain. These evils cannot readily be over c une in out imperfect system of drainage, but their dire consequences can be guardod against by taking “Johns >u’ Chill and Fever Tonic.” It is a positive cure for all fevers and is an unfading appetizer. Price 90 oents. Trad * supplied by J. T. Hhup trinn & Bro. Bilbo Canal, Cujrler Hwamp and hot weather are leagued agasnit tne liealtb of our people. The rich escape to the moun tains or tho sea coast, but the less fortunate can only escape fevers by using Johnson’s Tonic. I’noo V) ceni*. A wond rful arp tizer. Trade supplied by J. T. Hbuptrme & Bro. If your eyes ere not properly fitted with gla<** w* IUe opportunity of fitting thvrn with Glasses which shall correct any viglo ral imper fection that may exist or can he corrected by scientific means, ai Dr. M. Schwai/n Optical Institute, No. *J Hull street, seoon/1 do r from Brought. >u, N-> charge forexa idpstion or con suitniion. The doctor is assisted hy ins son. Ds. 1. M Scnwab, a grad note of lr. A. Buck fin's He bool of Optics of New York. N. H The doctor does not treat medically in any way. Hueh cases are referred to their re speetive family physicians. Now Styles Hats. Nichols l as just opened bis complete line of Htitf liaW. I*B Broughton Struct. GEORGE AND MARTHA. HABITS OF WASHINGTON ANI> HIS WIFE. An Interesting Interview with Mrs. Martha J. Lamb, tee Historian of New Yort City, on the Personalty of George and Martha Waehinsrt>on— He Was Not lUterate, and Mrs. Wash invton Was the Leader of Bociety and Fond of Dres3. (Copyright 1889.) Nkw York. April fl.—George Washing ton could u'd tell a lie, but it is safe to say that a good v any have been told about him. -Mrs. Martha J Limb, the historian of New York, is an authority on the Ufu and char actor of Wa&uin.gt m and his contem poraries. Probayy no person in the coun try has rendered more assistance to the centennial committee in their preparations for tbe foi thoouung celebration than sbc*. Mm. Lamb ha* aUalied the hist >rio George and Martha, not the idealiz'd man and woman, but the people of fl.sh and blood; the man who lik>xl his bitti>rs in the morn ing iwd the woman who mended and darned and kept a close eye on ber children. MRS. VAVmA J. LAMB, I was sitting m 7n. 1 iamb’s office the other day chafing about tho coming Cen tennial celebration, when she touched on the topic “ Th^ o beofi so much fiction about re >r ff® WashinjKOQ that it would bo inter- Abg to know just bow much of a flesh p /fiG blood may he was,” 1 began. “What f.ort of a man was he?” “It is not possible lor Washington to bo so Idealized as to lose right of the man. He was of a r/ell r untied character, arm by no means illiterate,although his education was obtained in tbe usual way at that time. Tie is known to have had a god tutor, and he wa > reared in a home where tbe absence of moral and religious training would toiva boon esteemed a disgrace. He steppe) into public life absolutely free from ami uutram meled by troubleso ue and deteriorating hab its. liis breeding was that of a gentleman. H was i,ever sent to any collegiate institution as some of the Virginians were, ?>ut ho made use of hi* many opportunities, and became well informed on a great variety of important subjects while yet a mere l>of. His mother vms a wonmu of wide reading, and great breadth and strength of character. His brother Lawrence was a traveler to many parts of the world. In his early life lie was exceedingly active and very much in the open air. The gravities and respousi bilitiei of his career to k possession of him early. In field sports, in skilled horseman ship, in surveying, with its attendant fa tigue, exposure, and expedients, in the use of the ntle aud in the care of a rural do main, all his faculties aud bis manly quali ties both physical aud mental, were pretty evenly develop© I. He had tbe host training possible lor military life in anew country. In liis intercourse with the British officers that came over, and with the old Virginian families, who were people of culture, he le -cam much more thoroughly educated than he has ever had the ciedit of b jing.” “Is t he estimate of history in dealing with Washington a correct onef’ “History, in the main, has dealt very fairly with him. It woujd hardly be possi ble to overestimate bis great ie-s. His nr'itor'* abilities aie bst known by their results.” “xiowdothe statesmen of to-day com pare with the statesmen of the colonial period?” “It would not be ex ay to compare the statesmen of to-day v/ith thosi of 100 yoars ago for tho reason tlmt no such grave ques tion came before th/m to test their ahi lines. The statesmen of 100 years ago were found ing the government f„r the nation, and it required peculiar Knowledge, discrimination and statesmanship.” •What of Washington’s personal habits, Mrs. Lamb?” “As to his personal habit* he was a very early riser, all his life, ho was very methodi cal and extmnoiy industrious, never allow ing a moment to t e wasted, aud yet he never seemed to be in a hurry. He was a regular Attendant at church, going once h day' in tine morning. He was very fond of horses and of exercise in the open air, and during the time he resided in New York ns the first President of the United States, he went out iw,i or three times a day—in the morning and afternoon. Sometimes he went in the i>ost-obaise with Air*. Wash ington, aud sometimes m the chariot as he teli* us himself, and sometimes on horse back, and he walked round the battery, al most daily. Wlien he drove, hi-* favorite r<ute was the ‘fourteen-inlie round,’ which took him over the old Bloomi gdale road that came out in view of the Hudson very near where Grant’s tomb is now, and then in returning he came down over the cen tral part of the island via the old Boston post road. He is represented as being very affable and easily approached by those who knew hiui best, but his manners were stately.” M*A LLIKTfcK HUNTING FQK DESCENDANT*. “ Among tbe many stories told <-f Wash ington is one tha he was illiterate?” “Hi* voluminous correspondence shows ibivt he was m*t an illiterate man. H“ wrote equally it* well ns any of toe educate 1 men t f that day.” “Can yo.i (inscribe Martha Washington?” “Mrs. Washington whs about tho same ngM as her ho-ba ui, alt hough she wined older by reason of tne dre*N prescribed by fashion at that d#te for la lies over fifty. She always obeyvd the edict* of fashion. She wa* regardful with great interest be cause of her ivm in tho revolution when she traveled or horaoh ick in all weather* to visit her lcf ba-d at headquarter*. Hhe become on th/s accvHint very much endeared to the 'olditrt of the country. She woe well-lufor.hrd on general topic* without any special culture, she was observant and/tt'" cal. easy and self-possessed. She expressed her opinions upon public quJtiona uor permitted political discussion in her presence. She was statuesque and (Uplifted, but does not teem to have bed an▼ t>*rticu lar vjrac.tj or humor. She w*s pbilan thro ic iii her character, a I wap courteous, and oonversed well. She wa*. eddeatlv fond of dress in her younger (lav*, and while she lived m New York and Philadelphia a** the wife of the President she might be said to have* been the lewder of *>c.e v. Among other society leaders in York at the time she resided here w/ o Mrs. Jay, Mrs. Knox, Mrs. Hamilton.hud Mrs. Laugdon, also Lady Kirby Dur# and several others. \ For some week* pafft there lias been a vig orous hunt in progflrfas for direr' descend ants of these s maty leaders. They are to be made useful c, inaugurating tho grand ball at the Metrf j*>olitan opera house on the evening of the J>Lh. This ball will begin at 10:30 o’clock p in,, with a great Virginia reel to ba darted by thirty-two couples. All sorts of infly.euoe is being brought to boar upon Prev.dgrit Harriso i to induce him to lead the red with Mrs. Morton for a part ner. If be consents Mr. Morton and Mrs. llarrifeor. will constitute tho next couple. Then will come ex-PresidenfciCleveland and 1 layer wi j h partners yet t.lie cnoosen; Gov. Hil fond Mrs. Hayes and Mayor Grant and Mi#. Cleveland. The direct descendants wib \ e drawn from to make up the remain ing thirty-two couples. Word M r Allis er has been and still is conducting tho ea ch, au he has had a hard time of it. Not that our forelathers w ere childless, or that their children have left nobody to bear their names or preserve their blood, but that not ail of the direct descendants a e eligible to association with the 400. I* would lie so e'/sy t • p:ck out scoresof ladies whose stand ing in society s *wzis to guarantee a long line of blooded ano atry, but— when the records are consulted it apjiears that their aristoc racy is of ono generation only, or that they were noboriies until they married their present husband! i-\K>r Mac*! ho has actually immerse.! himself in history, his brain fairly buzzes wiin • carriage certificates and the birth pages of family Bibles, and still there are gaps in the double file of people who are to da .ce to the centennial reel. Among those that he has selected are Miss Schuyler, a de-cead- ,t of tti* Mrs. Laugdon above mentioned, Mrs. Frederic J. de Peyster, Mrs. Elbridge Ger.yand Mrs. John Jay. DISTINGUISHED CITIZENS SITTING ON RELICS There are also such names as Mrs. William Astor. v\ hich would lead one to infer that McAllister has stretched a good many points, for she and several others do not come actually within the line of direct de scent from revolutionary heroes and states men. While the hunt has been going on for liv ing suggestions of tho <4d days another committee of distinguished citizens has been sitting on relics. It is intended to have a big display of ancient goods and chattels, and the committee has had a flue time try ing to distinguish the genuine antiques from imitations, i’he main trouble lie-> in the fact that a large part of the curios sub mitted are in tiie way of kitchen utensils, thrift* Of Ttifc#- mone of tho committee ever saw before', unless, possibly, in t eir boyhood. It is a puzzling thing to decide whether a rusty iron dipuer was the actual soup ladle with which Washington helped his generals at White Plains, or the jocose contribution of some wretched tar burner of modern times. They do say, however, that the collection is going to tie au excel lent one, and may be the beginning of a new museum. FIHB AT MARIETTA. The Whitlock House and an Adjoining Dwelling in Ruins. Atlanta, Ga., April 6. —A destructive fire occurred at Marietta at an early hour this afternoon. The most important loss was the Whitlock house, a fine building and one of the most popular hotels in Georgia. The fire was discovered on the roof of the hotel. The wind was high and the flames spread rapidly. Tho Are depart ment and tho whole town turned out to fight the fire, but the building burned t > the ground and is a total loss. It was val ued at $40,000 and was insured for $77,000. The adjoining residence of Erwin Smith caught and was a total lors. Its value was $3,500. It was insured for $1,500. Several negro houses added to the loss. The Atlaiuta fire department was tele phoned to send up some assistance, but two li.es here a. the time prevented Us attend ance. CITY BHBVITIBS. “Indignant Julia” is reminded that names must accompany oommunicati >ns to insure thoir insertion, as an evidence of good faith. In consequence of the destruction of the arsenal by Are the (Savannah Volunteer Guards battalion will assemble at the Chat ham Artillery hall at S SO o'clock this after noon, uniformed, armed and equipped, to j>ay (he last tribute of respect to Private James Perry of Conqiany C. The operetta, “A Night in Fairyland," wili be given under the auspices of the 6t. Jobu’s Rectory Society at the theater May 3. The operetta will be sung by children. The rehearsals ate being care fully conducted, and the entertainment i* likely to be one of the most attractive that has recently been seen in Savannah. It certainly will be a most novel entertain inont. The Columbus (Ga.l Investment Com pany has been organised With a capital slock of li 000 shares, and has adopted tho con stitution and by-laws of the Chatham Real i jitiite aid Improvement Conmany, as it* plan of operation. Mr. M. .1. Solomons, George J. Baldwin and Col. William Gar rard of this city are interested in the c mi pany. The company was organised after a conference with Mr. Hulomms, secretary ami tieosurer of the Chatham romjiany, who went to Columbul at the r.s) lost of parties there and explained its workings. All of the slock in the oompany has been taken and the amouut Is to lie increased. Catarrh Cured. A clergyman, aftjbr years of suffering from that loathson m disease. Catarrh, and vainly trying every known remedy, at last found a r.-cipe whirl] completely cured and saved him from death. Any sufferer from thisdreadful diseure sending aself-addreiaed stamped envelop** to Prof. J. A. lawrence, S3 Warren street, Now York City, will re ceive the recipe tree of charge. :/chuol Shoea. Those desiring .School shoes for children will find it to their advantage to look at my lino and cmn|iare price* lie fore pur chasing elsewheie. It will ho money in your irx-.kot. A. 8. Nichols, 138 Brougham Street. At the Harnett house, Havauniih, On., you get all the comforts of the high-pr iced hotels, and save from *1 to per day. 'Try it and lie convinced. —Boston Nome Journal. SOUTHERN ENTERPRISE. BAVANNAH ON A BOOM. Help Home Industry—Patronize Home Institution?. A HEW JOURNALISTIC VENTURE I* VANN All. A 20-Pag* Monthly Magazine, Called “The Old Homestead," to be Launched on the Journalistic Sea About May 10, In conversation a few days ago with a member of the firm of one our progressive business houses, we learned that they were now at work on and would issue early in May a 20-page monthly magazine, the size of which will be inches. The columns of this magazine will be de voted first to the advancement of the south generally. Savannah in particular, the i to the cultivation of literature at the south by offering premiums for stories, as well as ar ticles on science, the fine arts, music and tho home and farm. The s utli has exhibited a great lack of enterprise in this branch of development, and the forthcoming magazine is expected to fill a long felt want The firm alluded to, whose enterprise and progressiveness is proverbial and who have made a success of everything they have undertaken, is a guarantee that this venture wiil prove suc cessful in all its laudable aspirations. Southern writers of reputation, s well a3 those of merit who have not yet attained prominence, will be regular contributors. Not having been able to resch southern writers before t e appearance of the first number, arrangements have been made to initiate the movement by one of H. Rider Haggard's latest and best stories, which will run through several uuiuliers. Each number will also contain many complete and interesting s ories. Mattel's of interest to lawyers, doctors, preachers, farmers, merchants, clerks, mechanics, ladies and children, will intersperse its pages lu order to place this magazine within the reach of all, and to show that its great est aim is not to make money for its pub lishers. but to fulfill its aim and object in life i. e.: Tho advancement at the south of the various branches it will represe it, th? subscription has been placed at the low price of 50cents per annum. The first or May edition will be 8,000 co7ies; these will be mailed to regular sub scribers and also to representative men in every postolfloe in Ge .rgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina and Alabama. Before the appearance of the second uura ber the proprietors confidently expect to rave a subscription list of 30,000. In order to assist in defraying expenses a limited number of choice advertisemen t will be received for the first and second is sue Advertisers must bear iu mind the tremendous circulation of even the first is sue, which is guaranteed B,COO, and as each copy will contain ah utsl wortu of the latest music, the magazine is more than likely to be kept for years for reference and use by all who receive it, thereby affording a last ing and effective advertisement. The rates for space, though comparatively high, as compared to papers and magazines of small circulation, will be recognized by old, experienced and successful adver.isers as cheap. The circulation of this magaz.ne will increase rapidly every inotitn, and those who contract for space before the ap pearance of the first issue, will get much lower figures tran those who come in on later editions. The schedule of rates will be governed entirely by the circulation— therefore, those who desire to be repre sented in the columns of The Old Home - sttad must make appl.cation at once. This publication has been under advise ment by the firm iu question for several months, and the matter has been lai l be fore many of our prominent citizens and freely discussed with them, and they are sanguine of the success of the enterprise, and j rumiße their hearty co-operation. Canvassers for subscriptions will be put out Thursday morning, April 4, with, the prospectus of TKe Old Homestead, and It is uoped that our citizens W 1 freely avail themselves of this liberal >uAscription price and give to the magazine that encourage ment that an effort of this kind so richly deferves.— Savannah Morning News, April 3, 1880. Law Offices > leming G. dußignon, j 118 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga., April S, 1889. ) (Dictated by Mr. dußignczh) Messrs. Laris Bros., Savannah, Ga., pub lishers and proprietors of Ihe Old Homestead: Enclosed please find four years’ subscrip tion to 2he Old Homestead. 1 congratu late you upon your enterprise iu this matter and I feel assured that if conducted on the plan mentioned to me it will greatly aid in building up at the south the Various branches that will be repre ented through the columns of the magazine. I would be pleased to have you mail the magazine for one year also to Gov. Joan B. Gordon, At lanta, Ga. With best wishes for the success of The Old Homestead , I remain, Very truly yours, F. G. dußignon. P. S.—Also send one copy each to the following addresses: Hon. Robert Whit field. M i Hedgeville, Ga ; Hon. C. L. Bart lett, Maco , ua. Win. Garrard. P. W. Meldrita. Emile Newman. Law Offices of Garrard A Meldrim, i 185 and 187 Bay Htreet. ■ Bavannah, Ga., April 3, 1889. t (Dictated by Mr. Newman.) Messrs. Davis Bros., publishers arul pro prietors of The Old Homestead: Gentlemen—l am glad to perceive that you are inaugurating anew enterprise here, in the publication of your proposed maga zine. The Old Homestead, and hope that same in ay prove a succ *si in every way. I enclose my supscription for one vear to your magazine and hope that vour new etterprise will assist iu developing, not alone this dfcv, but the entire south. Yours very truly, Emile Newman. Savannah, Ga., April 3, 1889. Messrs. Laris Bros., publishers and pro prietors The old Homestead: Gentlemen—l enclose you 50 cents for one yeer’j subscription to The. Old Home si end. 1 am satisfied this venture will meet with universal approval and suceeei if co.i ducted on the plans mentioned to me. Truly yours, J. Hauers. Savannah, Ga., April 3, 1889. Messrs. Laris Bros., publishers and pro prietors The Old Homestead, Savannah. Ga.: Gentlemen—Enclosed T hand you 50 cents for one year's subscription to The Old Homestead. If the object <f this pub lication is attained I deem it a commenda ble enterprise. With but wishes for your success, yours truly, Wu. W. Gordon. Savannah, Ga.. April 3, 1889. Messrs. Daris Bros., publishers and pro prietors ike Old Homestead, Savannah, Ga.: Gentlemen—Enclosed please find 50 cents for one year's subscription to The Old Homestead. 1 congratulate you on your enterprise in tuis matter, and I am assured, if conducted <n the plans mentioned to ine, it will greatly aid in building ut> a* the south the various brunches that vs ill be rep resented through the columns of this maga zine. With best wishes for the success of Ihe Old Homestead, 1 remain, very truly Tours, Herman Mykks. Bavannah, Ga., April 3, I*B9. Messrs. Lavis Bros., publishers and pro prietors The old Homestead: Gentlemen—lt is with pleasure I learn of your new enterprise. Kudosed :ou will please find 50 cents for o o year's subscrip tiou. \\ ishing The Old Homestead every success, I remain, sincerely, A. K. Lawton, Jr. BATES S. M. H "ONCE MORE THE SCENE CHANGES.” Art (ioo4, Bric-a-Brar. Stationery w. let Mat*'rials, Plotnre Monl4in>, pi ci Frame* and Fancy t.oode vanish f ron , )(f>l Pianos, Organa, Music and Musical !n,t r „ tnonls to the front. Onr entire ground Horn to he used for Plano., Organ, and A metropolitan *alCMro<jiu. Discontinuance of Our Art and Stationery Department. HOW? We hare sold to Mr. 11. T. Taylor oi.r "took of ARTIST MATERIALS PJrT UR it' MOULDINGS. TRAMPS rv (SHAVINGS, and ART GOOIh' latanwl him n limited space in our's.ori ieiujHirarili/ until suitable quarter. can i be found outside. . All remaining stock of Stationery and Fancy Goods will at once be taken h our Mr. V. 11. r.lcArtmir t , KnoirllS Icon where he will open a Large Wa nnd < >rga i Bouse for us, also cootiupiiw the Stationery business. * WHat Tlxexx? Then Pianos and Organs will m.ir-h f • the front with an 'Uegro-Graaclin-r, movement, and our entire Fir*t, Second Third aui Fourth Moon, wjll j.* fi|iJ with Music. Tn fact, we shall blossom out into a Pinion pure, unmixed aa.i •> mis ta table TF.MPLE OF Ml >ic *-hera all tb* music wants of the South can be supplied. WHY? Becaure onr Local Piano and Organ Trade lias grown so tretnenduouslr within tbo post two years that w e need all our ground floor space for the dig play of Pianos ami Organs. Thar* why, and all of it. That** the K<-he dole Mini* FIRST LABT, ALWAYS. Nothing lut All onr lime, nil onr energie* <h>vot*<l Px . elnslvely to filling Southern home* with Pianos, Organs, Music, Call in and see un about April Ist when ** gp t ready for company. Loilden & Bain Southern Music Boost M.a M. VI. DEPARTM’TL. ,v B.S.M.H ONE GLANCE AT Our Store Wind ow Will convince you that we ere offering tbs Most Beautiful Line of Banjos, At the most moderate price* ever known The Dobson Silver Bell, up from sl7 60- Tlie Pizzicatto at sl7. The Pizzicatto, Lady's Size at sls. SPECIAL , Our King Cotton Banjo, 24 nh-kel brackets, polished walnut nck, rosewood finger board, genuine wire edge shell, beautiful inlaying#, calf head, at $7 50. •Where can you duplicate it ? ANOTHER SPECIALTY. Our Senora Gruitar, Bt£, Everything in the music line. LUDDEN & BATES, S. M H, M. &. M M. Department JASPERSEX SMITH. Manage*- I)RT GOODS. HOSIERY DEPARTMENT. CIiOIIAN & DOONER, 137 Broughton st. 75 dozen Mimes'Black and Colored Hcse. in Plain and Ribbed, at f*l£ t fiLj inches, at ‘X* * pair; regular prices from 35c. to 50c. a pair, a cording to sizes. 85 dozen MISSES’ FAST BLACK RIBBED HOSE. Double from 3.5 c. to $1 a pair. 26 dozen .vdsses” Black and Colored Ribbed Lisle Thread llos:; from ♦!. t * $1 a j>air A full line of Children's Fast Black and Solid Colored Half Hose from 2.5 c. to 40c. a pair 00dozen Indies" l ast Black an I Solid Colored Ho-e ft! 85c.; no bettor goods sold at 40c. 30 dozen Ladies* Fast Black Hose. Ethiopian Dyes, will not crack, at 'tJV* and 60c. a pair A n*w line of fii.e BlacK Thread anl Black Silk Hose from 50c. to $2 o pair. Mm's Saif Hose. 35 dozen Gentlemen's Unbleached Searalw* Half Hoso at Jsc. a p#lr .. 2d dozen Gentlemen's Solid Colored Halt Hose, full regular ma le, at 17c. a pair. t 10 dozen Gentlemen's L’nbleached F.nzlan and Balbnggan Silk CloOh'ed H iJf iJ'ne at 5 Us. a pair; worth 8; Vc. . ul , 20dozen Gentlemen's Superfiine French Hair Hose at 47c.; no better goods sold at ft**c 75doz*n Gentlem m's Stainless Plain nsrk and Ribbed Half Hose, absolutely fast and wn not soil tho foet, at 25c., lie. Slid 30c a pair- CROHAN & hOONKIi. DKFOS AM) MKDK IVKS. TAKK YOUR PRKSURIPTIONB TO THF YAM AC RAW PHARMACY For accuracy and purity. Dr. E R. SouibM lirups and Chemicals being exclusively ui pensed. M A. BARIF Proprietor Southeast corner West Broad nildjto^r^ I>AVIB XißO^. Il( 1 bitsitii Will make its first, appearance about May l^ hi I*o. It will be a 20 page Monthly Mag*/'•inf, size inches. Its columns will bede'ot“ t< Science. Art, Literature, Music, the H|®* and Farm. Many prominent writers will regular contributors. Anew stor> by H Hzooard will commence in the first nufflbr. Subscription price only lOr. pur y** r number will contain about i?l worth of the lat-' 1 luusic. A limited number of choice tisnmenfs will he taken if applioitu-n is m* at once. CMinvassers now out at work making money. Little boys and girl* can n** from one to five dolors In an afternoon. ‘ further information from DAVIS US, PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS "THE OLD HOMESTEAD. " 42,44 and 46 Bull St.