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epochs of pestilence.
PLAQUES DEVASTATING THE EARTH. A Compilation of tSo Great Epidemics From Early Aires to the Present Day. From the Globe-Democrat. Death of first born, Egypt, B. C. 1491, de clared by a rabbi to be of cholera. In B. C. 837 an epidemio of leprosy in Western China destroyed thousands. B. C 534, terrible plague nt Carthage. Children sacrificed to appease the gods. Dreadful plague in Rome B. C. 453 ; 200,- 000 died in Italy. Athenian plague graphically described by Thuoydides B. C. 430. B. C. 439, Athenian plague spread to all parts of the world. Hippocrates, B. C. 400, described Asiatic cholera, course and sympt oms. Great plague In Qreeca. Egypt and Syria, g,OOO died daily, B. C. 187. B C. 172 strange peslllenoe in Chinese Tartary; 600,000 deaths. In Chinese pestilence, B. C. 172, the mem bers dropped off before death. B C 72 black tongue in India. Tongue black and ao swollen as to Protrude Aretfpus of Cappadocia, A. D. 50, gave correct diagnosis' of oholerasymptoms. A, D. 61, a mysterious pestilence in Damascus, men became blind before death. A. D. 71, pestilenoe in Judea from stench of dead bodies In Jerusalem. A. D. 78, plague in Rome, 10,000 deaths plague at Rome, A. D. 80; 10,000 persons perished every day. Oalen, lu A. D. 131. described a visit of cholera to Italy in that year. Falling sickness throughout the Roman empire in A. D. 167. In A. I>. 169 a pestilenoe resembling ohi lers devastated the Roman empire. In A. D. 189 fever in France and Bpain destroyed one-balf the population. In A. 1). 190 plague prevailed over the Roman empire; many towns depopulated. i irabasius of Pergainus described a cholera pestilence in A. D. 380. In A. D. 250 5,000 persons died daily at Rome. Total deaths 1,000,000. In A. D. 252, ereut pestilenoe throughout the Roman empire: 3,000,000 died. In A. D. 437, mysterious pestilenoe tn Arabia; men’s eyes dropped out. In A. D. 430, dreadful plague In Britain; the living could not bury the dead. Alexander of Tralles, A. D. 535, men tioned a visit of cholera to Greece in 521. A long-continued plague in Europe, Asia and Africa in A. D. 558. In A. D. 569 small-pox prevailed In Ara bia and the east. Great mortality. Terrible pestilenoe in Constantinople in 746; 200,000 perished. First general plague in the world took place A. D. 767. , In Chesterfield, England, 772, “sore throat” carried oil 34,000 people. About 890 small-pox spread all over Eu rope and North Africa. In 954 “swollen throat” plague destroyed 40,000 lives. Flague broke out in London In 962; 50,000 persons died. " Black mouth” in London in 1094; one third the population died. Famine and plague in Ireland in 1095: one-half the population destroyed. Plague in London, 1111; men, oattle, fowls and dogs died with same-symptoms. In 1172 Henry 1L forced to evaouate Ire land on aooount of plague. Iu 1187 small-pox was general In Europe, brought from east by crusaders. In the small-pox pestilence of 1187 over 1,000,000 died. In 1204 Ireland was almost depopulated by famine and pestilence. The “black death” appeared in Italy In 1340. Spread all over Europe. In 1848 Europe again soourged. The Florentine plague, deecrlbed by Boooaoeio. In 1349 Britaiu an l Ireland visited by black death; 2,UOJ deaths daily in London. In 1361 a fever in London and Paris caused fearful mortality. "Sweating disease" soourged England and Ireland in 1367; thousands of deaths. A “fever and shaking disease” in London in 1369, spread all over Britain. The “fever and sore throat” in Ireland in 1370 caused many thousands of deaths. A great pestilence in Ireland, 1383, de stroyed a fourth of the people. Lond m ravaged by plague. 1407 ; 80,000 persons died during the summer. Great famine aud pestilence in Ireland, 1466; 300,000 died. Black death in Dublin, 1470; half the people of the city died. Pestilence at Oxford, 1471, spread over England; one-third population destroyed. In 1485 the “sweating sickness” carried off many thousands in London. Yellow fever believed to exist among In dians at discovery of America, 1492. In 1499 the plague in Lo idon so deadly that the nourt removed to Calais. Sweating sickness in London 1506 ; 27,000 died in one month. Hweating sickness in London, 1517. Strong men died in three hours after fall ing ill. In 1517 half the town population Eng land died. Oxford was depopulated. Limerick attaoked by plague in 1522. Fearful mortality. Sweating sickness In London, 1528. Gen eral exodus from capital. Sweating and falling sickness in Ger many, 1529. Especially fatal to soldiers. In 1551 fifth visit of sweating sickness to London; fearful mortality. Aiiatio cholera war first described by Gerela del Huerto in 1560. Plague appeared in England in 1603 ; 30,- 578 died in L mdon alone. In 1604 plague destroyed one-fourth the people of Ireland. In 1611, 200,000 persons died of plague in Constantinople; millions in Asia Minor. Plague brought from Sardinia to Naples; 4j0,000 died In six months; 1612. Mysterious disease m London, 1635; 85,417 deaths in a few weeks. lnsease like cholera in Franoe, 1632; 60,000 deaths in Lyons alone. In 1656 there were 380,000 death at Naples in twenty-eight weeks. “Great plague" of London, 1664, destroyed 68.596 lives. Desoribed by Defoe. In 1065 there were 68,800 deaths In London “ thirty-three weeks. 'Great plague” lasted two years, finally Subdued by “great fire," 1666. Terrible ravages of yellow fever in Phila delphia, 1699; 1700 deaths. .Hague came from east to Marseilles, 17S0; 60,000 deaths in seven weeks. Awful plague in Syria, 1720; whole cities Peopled only bv the dead. Pestileuoe of yellow fever in Cuba iu great mortality. Yellow fever in Jamaioa in 1739; whito Population almost annihilated. .General yellow fever in West Indiss In thousands of deaths. Between 1756 and 1892 there have been **elvu general oholera epidemics, lesi tW9lv ®-y®ar epidemics of 1756, 1768, i*, noted by many medical writers, in 1756 twelve-year epidemics begin, oon wmporaneous with Hindoo festivals. Awful destruction by yellow fever at Philadelphia in 1763, i *[i 9r * u * pestilence, like cholera In Persia W 1778; 80,000 died at Bassora. Jerrible outbreak of oholera in India in Millions died. In 1778 there were 170,000 deaths In Con stantinople la eighteen weeks. in 1781 heslthy men dropped dead by Dozens; millions died in India. In 1781 5,000 English troops attaoked on “>arch in India; 3,000 died. York desolated by yellow fever in Her vices in all the oburobesfor abate ment. (} r"at plague of Egypt 1792 ; 800,000 per *°s? (I >d in six mouths. fever in Philadelphia in 1793, t , .deaths. h( l r r ; 'J96 small-pox carried off large num , of Indians in the northwest. Bin!! 796 “ n lto b epidemio In Italy and Y I many suloidas from suffering. Plague throughout east and Africa in 1799 ; 247,000 deaths at Fez. In 1800 plague visited Moroooo; 1,968 died in one day. Philadelphia visited by yellow fever in 1802; city deserted by people. Yellow fever carried to Bpain from West Indies in 1803; very fatal. In 18'J4 small-pox became general in Cen tral Afrioa, carried by traders. In 1804 a contagious fever desolated Bpain and almost depopulated Gibraltar. Gibraltar visited by yellow fever in 1804; garrison decimated. In 1812 there were 144,000 deaths in Con stantinople in thirteen weeks; cholera. In 1815 Mauritius lost one fourth of its population from yellow fever. In India, 1817, 30,000 English soldiers per ished during the summer. In Indian cholera of 1817 highways filled with bodies of those who fled. The Asialio cholera epidemio in Bengal in 1817, afterward spread over India. In 1817 terrible visit of cholera to Bassora; 18,000 died in two weeks. Cholera In Anglo-ludian army of 90,000 men; 9,000 dead in two weeks; 1817. In 1817, cholera at Caloutta; 70,000 Jug gernaut pilgrims died. Cadiz. Bpain, in 1819, was desolated by yellow fever. Procession organized. In 1826, cholera at Hurd war; source of Ganges. To Hurdwar, 3,000,000 pilgrims go every twelfth year; 5,000,000 every sixtieth year. The black vomit raged at Gibraltar for a year tn 182a In 1828 Gibraltar was visited by ship fever, which proved very destructive. Cholera, 1829, brought to England by ves sels from Black and Mediterranean seas Cholera over Russia In 1829 ; 300,000 per sons died during the summer. Cholera in Russia in 1830; whole provlnoes almost depopulated. Cholera during Polish revolution of 1880; both armies almost destroyed. Cholera In Germany in 1031; 900,000 deaths from the pestilence. The first European cholera epidemio, 1831, lasted seven years. The Asiatio oholera first appeared in England at Sunderland, In 1831. First death by cholera iu Ainerloa, at Quebeo, in 1832, First visit of ch lera to New York in June, 1832. Brought from Quebeo, In 1832 oholera spread along the Ohio and Mississippi, from Pittsburg to New Orleans. In 1832 Scotland and Ireland were ter ribly ravaged by the cholera. Terrible pestilence of oholera at Edin burgh In 1832; many districts deserted by people. Terrible mortality from cholera in Europe, 1832; 18,000 deatos In Pans. Cholera at New Orleans in 1832 ; 6,000 in population of 55,000 died. In 1832 cholera among troops for Blaok Hawk war; one regiment lost 200. The second visit of cholera to the United States was In 1834. In 1836 oholera again visited the British Isles; very destructive. The second European oholera epidemio, 1847, lasted seventeen years. Yellow fever at New Orleans in 1847; 2,350 deaths; 30,000 cases. Cholera In England in 1848 ; 53,293 deaths in six months. In 1848 oholera followed the emigrant route to San Franclsoo. A mild form of oholera prevalent in United States in 1849 aud 1850. In 1849 13,131 persons died in London of oholera; 120,000 lu England. In 1849 oholera appeared In London; 3,183 deaths In one week. In 1849 cholera appeared among troops in Hungarian rebellion; great fatality. Bt. Louis visited by cholera in 1850; Methodist general conference dis .landed. In 1853 New Orleans attaoked by yellow fever; 7,848 deaths. Outbreak of oholera In England in 1854 ; 20,097 deaths during the summer. In 1854 allied English, Freuoh and Turkish army at Varna attacked bv oholera. In 1854 oholera very severe in Italy and Sioily; 10,000 deaths in Naples. A severe visit of oholera to the United States in 1855. The Virginia coast visited by yellow fever in 1855; great suffering. In 1855 yellow fever at New Orleans; 2,670 deaths. In 1856 epidemio diphtheria carried off great numbers In the United Btates. In 1858 yellow fever at New Orleans, from Vera Cruz, 4,845 deaths. In 1862 Wilmington, N. C., was attaoked by yellow fever, which spread into the oountry. In 1865 and 1356 the cholera raged throughout Franoe, Bpain aud Italy. Scourge of oholera at Alexaudria 1865, 11,000 deaths in six week*. In 1865 cholera was general along ths whole Mediterranean ooast. Chdera in Constantinople 1865, over 50,000 deaths in three months. The third Europeau cholera epidemic (1865) laited ten years. In 1865 cholera fearfully fatal at Constan tinople and throughout Asia Minor. In 1866 an iucurable disease called black death appeared in Dublin. The black death of 1766 was characterized by purple spots on the skin. General but not very destructive visit of cholera to the United States In 1866. Outbreak of cholera, 1866, in East Lon don ; 346 deaths in one week. Cholera in South England ports In 1866. Quarantine adopted. An international congress at Constantino ple, 1866, to consider preventive steps. In 1866 terrible fatal cholera Destilenoe at Naples; 53,000 deaths. House to bouse collections first made In London for cholera sufferers in 1866. In the cholera of 1866 737 in 10,000 popu lation died in Constantinople. In 1866 cholera followed railroad and steamboat lines all over this coantry. In 1867 cholera very severe in Rome, Naples, Sicily and Bpain. The outbreak of 1867 caused by exoavat ing a plague cemetery of Nero’s time. In 1867 plague and oholera appeared to gether In Rome; great mortality. In 1867 black jack at New Orleans; from Havana; 3,107 deaths. In 1871 there were 26,300 deaths in Buenos Ayres in eleven weeks; yellow fever. Cholera general lu every quarter of Vienna; thousands of deaths In 1873. In 1873 cholera in the United States spread over ninstesn states In eight months. Savannah, Ga., suffered severely from a visitation of yellow fever tn 1876. In 1877 measles broke out in the Russian army on the Danube; 10,000 died. Black vomit at New Orleans in 1878, from Havana; 3,977 deaths. Memphis almost depopulated by yellow fever in 1878; 5,160 deaths. In 1878 yellow fever general In the south. Total cases, 65,976; total deaths. 14,809. Memphis scourged by yellow fever in 1879 ; 485 deaths. In 1885 cholera destroyed 100,000 persons In Italy alone. In 1892 oholera reached New York by steamer Moravia; 22 deaths on voyage. The oholera bos never crossed the Faolfic ocean. Tne Indian oholera follows the caravan routes through Persia and Arabia. In Bombay there are ninety-four shrines and ninety-fonr cholera oeliters. True Asiatic oholera always originates In Hindoostan and travels west. Most violent oholera epidemics have been connected with oontamlnatlon of water supply. In all European cholera epidemics the disease reached this oountry in less than two years. The famous oholera years in India were 1756, 1768, 1780, 1792, 1804, 1816,1828, 1840, 1852, 1864, 1876, 1888. No other Sarsaparilla has the merit by which Hood's Sarsaparilla has won such a firm hold upon the oonfldenoe of the people. ad. Just Received. Another shipment of the oelebrated Zin faundel claret wine direct from the Napa Valley county, California; 60 cents per bottle; |4 50 per case. Dryfus & Riob, 161 Congress street, Savannah.— ad. THE MORNING NEWS: SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1892—TWELVE PAGES. BAIT TO CATCH SUCKERS. AND THBRB ARB ALWAYS FOOLS TO BITE AND BB CAUGHT. Queer Devices Employed by City Swindlers to Get Hold of Country Cash—Large Fortunes Made by Ad vertisers Who Offer to Give Some thing for Nothing. From the Sew Fork Herald. Some two years ago a firm ostensibly doing business in the sooth advertised widely that if any one would forward name and address he or she would receive a lot In a oertain flourishing oounty in Florida free from all expense. The sole tax to be paid by the happy reoiplent would be sl, the cost of making out the deed. It was also stipu lated that the taxes for some years to oome upon said lot would be merely nominal. I was told upon good authority last week that the people of this coantry responded to this in vitation to the extent of $250,000. The men who got up the scheme made a clear profit of something like $180,060 and has since retired from business, perhaps to be ftn elsewhere some.lung of tne same kind. he whole business is, of course, more or less of a fraud, and yet it was not exactly getting money for nothing The way in which it was managed was very simple. The man who devised and engineered the scheme went down to Florida and found a tract of oountry in one of the gulf counties which he could buy at the rate of 50 oents an aore. It was practically worthless and yet not more than five miles from a rail road station. He bought 20,000 aores and had it'recorded upon the town books. That was the whole work to be done in Florida upon this property so far as be was oon oerned. Once having a transfer he began to write out his ciroulart. Aooording to his acoount this new town was to be the garden spot of Florida. Its advan tages were so many that he scaroely knew where to stop. It had roads, groves, streets, churches, schools, hotels, factories, all on paper—very muoh the sort of place that Dlokens describes under the name of Eden in “Martin Chuzzlewlt.” Then his advertisements began to appear in the daily press. He wanted people to come and realize how magnificent were the op portunities offered in this new oity, and to induce them to do so he made this magul fleent offer: To give away every second lot upon the flourishing avenues. When the place became fully popu lated the Intervening lots whiob he proposed —on paper —to hold as an investment would become enormously valuable aud he would reap his profit. Human nature is pretty gullible. If this man had offered to sell his lots at $1 apiece, it may be doubted whether he would have made any money, but the moment he of fered to give them away for nothing, suc cess was assured. People from all over the country wrote, some of them being so eager that they even telegraphed and sent him letters with special delivery stamps. I can see the smile with which he mutt have reoeived these missives. As I say, about 250,000 persona swallowed the bait. LOTS THAT COST FOUR CENTS APIEOB. By return mail they were informed that their application for a free lot in this new and flourishing Florida city had been re ceived, and that such and snob a lot had been awarded them. The onlv thing now to be done was to send $1 with whioh to oover the expense of making out the deed. The profit oama in this way: No sooner bad this ingenious speonlator got bis 30,000 acres than he wont to the oounty clerk and asked him what be usually made a year out of his business. The man answered that he was very glad to m :ke SSOO. Our yaakee genius offered him $5,000 to devote his time and his official stamp to making out as many deeds as he could manufacture. The man jumped at the chance and went into the business. The actual cost of the deed, properly oertified, and the postage, was about 10 oents, so that 90 oents profit remained. As there are sixteen lots In an acre of ground, aud the acre costs 50 oents, the actual cost of the lots was less than 4 cents a lot. It took two years before the crop of dupes throughout the country was exhausted for this partioular field of Indus try, aud I do not suppose that If the whole thing were to be repeated to-morrow or a few years from now U would be any less successful. It is the old Itching of people to get hold of something for n ’thing. Not a week pusses but that our postoffloe authorities do not receive complaints from persons living far awey that they have been swindled; they have seat money and re ceived no return. A short time ago I took oocasion to send to a number of persons who advertised in small oountry papers that they will give employment at remunerative ratoß to any one who applied for it and 1 kept my batch of answers as curiosities. One of the types of this swindling game, which no amount of Interference on the part of the police seems to break up, consists in opening correspondence with ladles re siding at a distance, offering profitable home worx with particulars free. For instance, the applicant is told that the “Artistic Needle Work Company” does a large whole sale business, and that most of the work is performed by ladies at their own homes, and that upon receipt of $1 samples of the work to be done will be forwarded. The ?1 is “simply to protect ourselves," and in return for it the applioant gets by mail a piece of cotton velvet with a small flower stamped on it, a piece of red felt of the same size, a pattern and a small amount of silk, the whole costing not more than 20 conts. When the pattern is worked out and returned for inspection the applicant re ceives word that it is satisfactory, but that before permanent employment is secured it will be necessary to forward $5 ‘ ‘in accord ance with long standing commercial usage.” When the $5, whiob may he the scant savings of some poor woman, has been for warded, she receives a pleoe of goods, such as a mantel oover, to be embroidered, and for which, when finished, she is told she will receive $5 and regular employment. In due time the work is done aud sent to the oompauy. That is the last the victim bears of her work or her money, no matter how many indignant letters she sends. The con cern is just $5 and some fine needlework in hand, aud the sum is so small that there is little likelihood of trouble, especially as all the victims are poor and the advertising is done in newspapers hundreds and even thousands of miles away from New York. This particular swindle is perennial. Some time ago there appeared in the columns of one of our newspapers an invi tation to every person short of money. Work was offered which the advertiser as sured his patrons would prove satisfactorv and could be done by any one after a little practice. I had the ouriosity to oall at the address mentioned, not only to find out what the work consisted of bat to gain some notion of the number of persons out of em ployment. I know that sometimes an at tractively worded advertisement of this kind will bring not lees than 500 answers. This would argue a tremendous army of persons watching their chance for work. EMINENT ARTISTS WHO WORK CHEAP. Upon climbing five stories of a dingy building on a side street back of the Astor house 1 discovered a small room where sat an old man, his wife, a son, two daughters aud four assistants—young girls supp sed to be learning a uew and beautiful art which might possibly load them on to fame and fortune. The art in question consisted iu ooloring some cheap little lithographs with a wash laid on to imitate oil. The stook consisted of Christmas oards for the coming season, and the proprietor Informed me that such was the tremendous demand for these works of art that he found it possible to offer me 2 oents for eaoh card that I would oolor with oars and good ton e. He knew one young man who hud actually succeeded in doing 10 J cards in a day’s work of ten hours. But he was a wonder and bad eventually turned up as a rival of his teacher and was now engaged in cutting down prices. The work was uot more difficult than the oolor lag a bright child does In his picture books, but it was certainly hand work and not printed and was advertised as “hand painted carls by real artlsrsof high repute.” at the ridic ulously low price of 25 cents each. “The eminent artists” looked up from time to time as if they were aocustome 1 to hearing themselves so described without go ing iuto fits, and when the noon whistle sounded they dropped their tools and rushed down to the bakeshop below for a mouthful of pie and a glass of beer. In the meantime I questioned the owner of the establishment as to the opportunities of makißg my salt should I become an emi nent artist. He said that he would teach me the art for $2, to be repaid when I be came expert enough to be trusted with a genuine lithograph. I told him l was much obliged for the opening and would c insider his offer, and 1 went away thankful that this was not wholly a despicable swindle, intended to get hard earned dollars from poor people. Among the answers which I have received from persons who advertise in small country papers "A Sure Fortune for Any One,” or “If You are in Debt and Without Work Write to Us and Fortune Will be Yours,” or again, “A Good Income Without Much Work and no Canvassing,” are some ouri ous specimens. Most of these hail from small towns, and I am sorry to say that the profits from dupes teem to be suoh as to keep rogues oonstantly at it. The variety of their devices is almost endle.s. One advertisement offered valuable books for almost nothing; others promised pictures or works of art ass gift; others propose to make the applioant rlcn in short order by telling him secrets beyond all prioe for a 2-cent postage stamp; again, others have secrets for ouring consumption, hydrophobia, paralysis and pretty much every disease under the sun, whioh they will impart to any oae who chooses to in olose 10 oents to the advertiser, who gives up his time not for the paltry 10 oents, oh he is careful to say, but for his love of humanity. SWINDLERS WHO LAUGH. Of oourse in these last there are a good many oases of amusing roguery in whioh the swindled person gets almost the worth of his money for the lesson. X remember that three years ago the postoffloe author ities stopped the letters of a man who was receiving about SSO a day from persons who sent him a quarter for what he advertised as '’a flue steel engraving of Queen Vic toria” and gut a 3-csut postage stamp In return. There was also a man who offered for half a dollar a sure method of killing the potato bug and sent his hayseed clients two little pieces of wood with the directions, “place the bug between these pieces of wood and squeeze hard.” I have no doubt that these out-and-out swindles of a petty kind offer good lessons at a small prioe. The infallible receipt for getting rich which was Bent in return for a 2-eeut stamp, “Work night aud day aud never spends oent,” and another for enabling a man to do without eating, “Takeadoseof poison,” are well worth the money to any oue who cau laugh over the matter. But in contrast to these wholesale h azes are the cruel swindles which take dollars out of the pockets of poor people, who cau least afford the money bacayse they are out of work. Some time ago the Brooklyn police got information that many complaints were ooming from oountry people concerning a certain firm which advertised a gorgeous prize together with a bottle of Dr. Somebody’s unrivaled consumption cura The postoffloe authorities reported to the polioe that the firm in question received from 300 to 400 letters a day, aud as noth ing to the oredit of the estaolishment oould be found deteotlves were sent to the house of the reputed doctor, and after arresting him broke into a back room, where a dozen girls were engaged in wrapping up and pre paring for the mail a little bottle of some combination, supposed to be whisky and water, and putting It into a box together with the gorgeous E resent aforesaid, which consisted of a brass reastpin, worth perhaps 5 oents. The package, stamp and all did not cost the en terprising doctor mope At the time the raid was made the mall for that day was stopped and was found to con sist of 142 $1 bills sent in answer to the ad vertisement, twenty-eight letters of abusu from victims who wanted their money back, and, strangest of all, thirteen letters from persons who hsd found themselves greatly benefited by the consumption oure aud wanted more. The police broke up the establishment, knowing well that it would be a matter of a few weeks before tt e • ‘doo tor,” under some other name, began bis work again. ART WORK THAT IS QUEER. From my investigations I found that ad vertisements of the class In which you are offered big income for little work may be divided as follows;—First, those in whioh you are invited to peddle some article whioh you buy from the advertiser; second, those in wliioh you buy a process for making some compound whioh you must dispose of by podaling yourself or getting others to peddle for you; third, those iu which you are invited to do some kind of work at starvation prices of work whioh cannot be done all. For Instance, one advertisement reads: “If you want to make a comfor table tnoome at home of SSO a week write to the International Company, post office box —, Chioago." I answered this card and reoeived this note: Dear Sir: The business we advertise, and in whioh we need the services of many ladies aDd gentlemen. Is the making of a beautiful plotu-e, which we oaii the Artigraph. We send you a certain kind of a picture on a delicate, specially prepared China paper. We require you to put it on cardboard and apply the colors as directed; you can do it after a few days’ practice. We send you, wheD you decide to undertake the work, a book of instructions, for which we charge you nothing, being desirous to have you in our employ, and a box of paint and brushes, for which you pay less than co-l price—namely, $1 su. No natural taste or artistic training is needed for this work; bear In min i any on- can do it. For every pioture you send to us satis factorily finished we pay you 45 cents We send you at first five, which, when finished, will net you $2 25, and after a little practice you can easily finish four in one day’s work. We sell these ptetures to canvassers and have never been able to get enough of them to supply the demand. Asa matter of form before sending you the first five pictures we require you to make a deposit of $1 as a guarantee of good faith, and we cannot undertake to start anyone in the business who is not willing to mako the deposit. We feel sure that you will be able to do this work well and that the money earned will sur - prise you. State bow you prefer to be paid—by the week or by the montb, or whenever you send us the finished pictures. Together with this circular came a con tract, in which the victim states bis will ingness to do the work required and agrees to devote so many hours a day and do his best. He is supposed to sign this and en close it with $2 50 to the Hydrographic Company. In return will come five little piolures on tissue paper and some cardboard on whioh to mount the pictures; also a little box of cheap paints and brusuee—the whole outfit worth, perhaps, 50 cents at retail prices. This is the comedy part of the per formance. The tragedy part begins when tho unfortunate victim tries to do the work, which requires no artistic skill or previous knowledge of the business. Asa matter of fact, he believes that the work is made purposely impossible. When an attempt is made to paste or mount the tissue paper picture upon the cardboard it seems to dissolve and the vic tim regards it with ming ed astonishment and indignation. No matter how much care ho takes or how delicately It is done—ami even ex;rta have tried tuelr hands at it— the result is an awful botch, whioh thee m pany will be perfectly Justified in refusing as “not up to the high standard required by their patrons.” The upahot of the business is that the victim Uses bis faith lu numan nature, $2 50 and a good many hours of an noyiug work. It will be n And that the let ters sent by the firm say that “the money earned will surprise you.” The victims earn nothing and it does surprise them. In other coses of such advertisements, where the advertiser is not a swindler, there may be men and women who will make the large amount of money promised, but they will be In proportion to the number of at tempts as one in a million. I have in mind the olass in which the advertiser sells an ar ticle to be peddled, the peddler to make hie own stock In trade from a secret process. I have received hundreds of circulars from such concerns and am assured by them that they offer the chance of my life. lam told that if I undertake to can vass my neighborhood for the photograph albums, the silver-plated spoons, the gold plated watch ohaiiis, the patent hair orlmpers, patent button fasteners, the 50- cent diamond ring, the $1 Cremona violin, etc., fortune would smile upon me. In all cases you are Invited to sign a oontract by whioh you become agent for a certain ter ritory. Cheap books and bibles, trashy chrumos and household devices are offered by the wholesale. The man who advertises “A prize for 10 cents" says that his prise Is worth $lO, but sends only a few oolored lithographs worth, perhaps, the 10 cents, and with them a budget of offers showing how much money Is to be made out of the business or articles sold by him and to be peddled by the cor respondent. The prospective canvasser is assured that taking subscriptions for this or that particular book is easier than luxurious idleness and that most people are aching for a chance to subscribe. The circulars say nothing about the tramp from bouse to house for days at a time and having hard work to keep out of the way of vicious bull dogs taught to regard oauvassers in the light of delioate morsels. THE DELIGHTS OF CANVASSING. One class of manufacturers who hope to make money through oauvassers tell you some partioular process for making an article which you oau peddle at a tremen dous advance upon the original oost. You aro told that you ran make a bottle of hair dje for Scouts whioh you ran sell forsl; hair oil for 4 oents to be sold for 25; a 10- oent package of stove polish can be made for 1 cent, etc; staroh, iadeli ble ink, washing powder, shoe black ing, cough syrup, fly paper, arti ficial honey, freckle lotion, perfumes, oourl plasters, eto., are among the things whioh I have tieen invited to make and spread through a delighted neighborhood. lain told that I can make 10,000 bottles of magio hair restorer at 3 cams a bottle and sell them for 10 cents to canvassers, who will retail them at 25 cents apiece, I will make lots of money, and that the whole neighbor hood will rejoice, except, perhaps, the bald headed man who tries the magio restorer. 1 have also been offered a salary or a for tune if I would peddle a certain kind of a face bleach, first, however, paying for $2 worth—enough to try It so as to be able to talk intelligently of its merits. Another person, anvious for my welfare, wauts me to send $3 for a dozen bottles of oough mixture. In these instances you must first buy some face bleach or some cough syrup and become perfectly conscious of their merits before obtaining the oovetod salaried position. Tbo advertisers say in their cir culars that they make this rule iu order to prove the good faith of the applicants. in some of the answers I have received where the advertiser offered to give valu able pioturee, “real works of art," in return for 10 cents, I have received a few cheap little ohromos, with the request that should 1 wish more 1 oan get them by sending o the advertiser the names of twenty-five families residing in my neighborhood. These names are made use of by firms send ing out advertisements of patent medioines and all sorts of trash, and such lists nave a regular commercial valne, according to the number of names upon them. The small country postmasters are even offered a few dollars iu return for a list of all the persons who reoeiye mall from their office and these lists are used In the same way. The Exact Time. Pompey Is a bright negro boy, employed to do light work aud run errands in a boarding house, says the Youth's Companion. He baa learned a good many things in the course of bis 8 years of life, but the art of reading a clock face L not os yet completely under his control. The expedients to which he resorts toooaceal his ignorauae on this and other points are many and amusing. “What time is It Pomp?" asked a young man. into whose room the boy had brought a hodf ul of coal, and who bad not yet got out of bed. Pompey studied the clock face anxiously for some seconds, aud then said, in an ingratiating tone: “It’s one o’ dein times dat I can’ Jes precisely mak’ out what time it am. Mist’ Wilkins, sab. But oue oh do hands is platin' to les you, sab. an’ do udder is pintin’ right todes me, sab, an’ I reckon you know 'zaokly what time dat am.” MEDICAL j 'worth* a' g*uine A*A* BOX*” ' ; !! (Tasteless—Effectual.* ;; ; I FOB ALL \ I i;BILIOUS and NERVOUS!; DISORDERS, l! Such as Sick Headache, Weak Stomach, Impaired Digestion, Constipation, j! Liver Complaint, and Female Ailments. ; 11 Covered with a Tasteless & Soluble Coating. ;! ] | Of all druggists. Price ZS cents a box. \ \ <> New York Depot. *6; Canal St. i 1 FUKSITUKa. tt’stAri U 6DESS m WE GIVE IT CP. We do know, however, that if you are at all inter ested in Furniture and Carpets You will find our Fall selec tions very choice. There’s somethin? THAT WILL JUST SUIT YOU. BICYCLE DEPARTMENT. We want to reduce our stock and will sell any high grade wheel at a discount of $25. We mean it. THE A. J. MILLER CO., 171 Broughton Street *■ l - . . B OLD NIWBPAPBRS-W0 for ii OOQUM— uiuioaui Offloa Horning Newi. I AM ># may kavi'wAatE& \ousands visit Eu- Ki! he natural It of Carlsbad. //Ip obtained by mafia* |Bj ion at the Sfiringx, Ip! i is identical tenth yl waters in its ac • If t andresultS.wkich | the same to-day ttrhs l i r . was cut * fr four hundred years fcjj \ and later George £jj f -. Peter the Qreat, || l Maria Theresa if ejited by their use. dj ey aid digestion. e constipation, and ftp ify the blood.. $ 1 litre to obtain the renu- KS mterted article , with the El; ature of “ Eisner &* Men- K 3; ' Cos., Sole Agents, New- By;, t,” on the bottle. Jk| | EISNER 6 MENDELSON CO . NEW VpfeK. 1 DRY &OODB. fat Activity in Dry Goods. LEOPOLD ADLER, SUCCESSOR TO A. R. ALTMAYER & CO. in iiiin Bn suit Tlwiilit lit to St* lira Mr lit Sew liugtigl ILL GOODS MIU IN PLAIN FMRIS. Grand Display. Sp ecially Low Prices. COLORED DRESS GOODS. (Center Counter.) We bunah together 50 pieoes High Class Dress Goods in assorted styles. Plains, Plaids, Htripes, Mlxturos and Rough Elfeots. AH new and nobby, 36 to 40 inches wide. Price 490. Actual value 65 and 750. SILKS 08c. SILK& 50 pteoes Blaok and Colored Silks, valued at and fully worth $1 25 a yard, will be sold at 9Sc. 08c. 98a Black Peau de Bole, Black Surahs with oolored stripes, Changeable Taffetas, etc. etc. SHOES. Ladies’ extra fine Doagola Shoes In patent tips and plain toe, price $1 50. Ladles’ $4 shoes, hand sewed, turn and welt, and fully worth $4, prioe this week $3. DRESS TRIMMINGS. All the latest novelties and importations. Headed, Plain. Jet, Bright aud Dull, Iri descent and Jeweled. LEOPOLD COR. BULL AND BROUGHTON STS- JLiKATHKR GOO Do. NEIDLINGER & RABUN .JUST RECEIVED WALRUS AND SEA LION GIN WRAPPING. A FULL STOCK OF RUBBER AND LEATHER BELTING, PACKING AND HOSE, SADDLES, HARNESS AND BRIDLES. Heavy Timber Harness Made to Order. 154 r ST. JULIANA 153 BRYA IST STREET. MACHINERY, CASTINGS, ETC. AND" BRASS FOUNDERS AND MACHINISTS, BLACKSMITHS AND BOILERMAKERS. THE SAMSON SUGAR MILLS AND PANS. DEALERS IN STEAM ENGINES, INJECTORS, STEAM AND WATER FITTINGS. CORRESPONDENCE 80UC1TKD— ESTIMATES OIVEN. Not). . 4 and O Bay and 1, , 3,4, f> and 6 Hirer Streets. SA.VATS NA H. <3-A. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castorlau BLACK DRESS GOODS. 250. a yard for Black Storm Serges, 36 inches wide, in Rough Angora Effects, actual value 40c. 98c. a yard for the finest Satin Finished Henriettas made, 44 inches wide. Sold tbs world over at $1 50. BLAZER SUITS. |3 98 for Ladies’ Blaok and Navy Blue Blazer Suits, all sizes, that are fuUy worth *6. We have Blazer Suits in Blaok aud Col ored up to 115. BOYS’ CLOTHING. ?2 50 Boys’ Knee Pauls Suits of beat wear resisting fabrics, Cheviots and Victoria Cassimeres, heavy weight, grand value at $4. 35c. per pair for our 50c. quality Boys’ Knee Pants, all sizes. HANDKERCHIEFS. 1,000 dozeu Ladies’ and Oenta' Flue Pocket Handkerchiefs,Colored Borders, Plain Whlta and Embroidered, price 150., worth 95 to 350. ADLER, 5