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The morning news. [volume] (Savannah, Ga.) 1887-1900, October 22, 1892, Image 2

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chief magistrate, it invites all nations, con
denses and displays the flower and fruitage of
tnis transcendent miracle
The anarchy and chaos which followed the
breaking up of the Homan empire, necessarily
produced the feudal system The people pre
l erring slavery to annihilation by robber chiefs,
became the vassals of territorial lords.
Aosolutism In the state, and bigoted intoler
ance In the church, shackled popular unrest,
and imprisoned thought and enterprise in the
fifteenth century.
God alwavs has in training some command-
In* genius for the control of great crises in the
affairs of nations and peoples.
Neither rea ism nor romance furnishes a
more striking and picturesque figure than that
•f Christopher Columbus. The mystery about
his origin hightens the charm or his story,
'l’hat be came from among the toilers of his
time is in harmony w ith the struggles of our
The study of the narratives of previous ex
plorers. aud diligent questioning- of the daring
spirits who had ventured far toward the fabled
west, gradually evolved a theory, which liecame
in his mind so fixed a fact, that he could inspire
Others with his own passionate beliefs. After
ten years of disappointment aud poverty, sub
•is ing most of the time upon the charity of the
eulightened monk of the convent of RabiJa. who
was bis unfaltering friend, be etood before tee
throne of Ferdinand and Isabella.
It was a happy omen of the position which
woman was to hold in America, that tne only
person who comprehended the majestic score
of his plans and the invincible quality of his
genius was the able and gracious <jueon of Cas
tile. Isabella alone of ah the dignitaries of that
age shares with Columbus the honors of his
great achievement. She arrayed her kingdom
and her private fortune behind the enthusiasm
of this mystic mariner, and posterity pays
homage to her wisdom aud faith.
The overthrow of the Mohammedan power in
Fpain would have been a forgotten scene, in one
or the innumerable acts iu the gra .and drama of
history. bad not Isabella conferred immortality
upon herself, her husband and their dual crown
by her recognition of Columbus. The devout
spirit of tbtTqueen and the high purpose of the
explorer inspired the voyage, subdued the
mutinous orow, ana prevailed over the raging
The mighty soul of the great admiral was
Undaunted by the ingratitude of princes, and
the hostility of tho people, by imprisonment
and neglect. He died as he was securing the
means, and preparing a campaign for the res
cue of the holy sepulcher at Jerusalem from
the infidel. He did not know what time has
revealed, that while the mission of the crusades
of Godfrey of Bouillon aud Richard of the Lion
Heart was a bloody and fruitloss romance, the
discovery of America was the salvation of tho
world. The one was the symbol, the other tta**
spirit; the one death, the other life. The tomb
or the Bavior was a narrow and empty vault,
precious only for its memories of the supreme
tragedy of the centuries, but the new continent
was to be the home and temple of the living
The rulers of the old world began with par
tit toning the new. To them the discovery was
expansion of empire and graudeur to tho
The nations of Europe were no completely
absorbed la dynastic dUtiCLiit.es and devastat
ing wars, with diplomacy an 1 ambitious, that
they neither heeded nor heard of the grow
ing democratic spirit and intelligence in their
American colonies. To them these provinces
were sources of revenue, and they never
dreamed that they were also schools of litiertv.
The northern continent was divided between
England, France and Spain, and the southern
between Spain and Portugal. France wanting
the capacity for colonization, which still char
acteilzes her, gave no her w estern possessions
and left the English, who have the genius of
universal empire, masters of North America
The Puritan settled in New England and the
Cavalier in the south. They represented the
opposites of spiritual and temporal life and
opinions. The processes of liberty liberalized
the one and elevated tiie other. Washington
and Adams were the new types. Their union In
a common cause gave the world a republic
both stable and free.
The Mayflower, with the Pilgrims, and a
Dutch ship laden with African slaves, were on
the ocean at the same time, the one sail ug for
Massachusetts, and the other for Virginia. This
company of ‘saints and first cargo of slaves
represented ttie forces which wnre I o peril and
rescue free government. The slaver was the
product of the commercial spirit of Great Brit
ain. and the greed of the times to stimulate
{’reduction in the colonies The men who wrote
n the cabin of the Mayflower the first charter
of freedom, a government of just and equal
laws, were a little band of protestants against
every form of Injustice and tyranny. The
leaven of their principles made possible the
declaration of independence, liberated the
slaves, and founded the free commonwealths
which form the republic of the United States
Platforms of principles, by petition, or pro
test, or statement, have been as frequent as re
volts against established authority. The declar
ation of independence proclaimed at Philadel
phia, July 4, 1.76. is the only one of them which
arrested the attention of the world when it was
published, and lias held its undivided interest
ever since. Jefferson's superb crystallization
of the popular opinion, that “nil men are cre
ated equal, that they are endowed by their Cre
ator with certain inalienable rights, that among
these are life, liberty and the pursuit of bappi
ue.-s." nod its force and effect in being the de
liberate utterance of the people.
The scope aud lim.tatkms of this idea of free
dom have neither been misinterpreted nor mis
understood. Benjamin Franklin, philosopher
and patriot, amused the jaded courtiers of Louis
XVI. by his talks about liberty, and entertained
the scientists of France by bringing lightning
from the clouds. In the reckoning of time, the
period from Frauklia to Morse and from Morse
to Edison is but a span, and yet it marks a ma
terial development as marvelous as it has been
lieneficent. The world has been brought into
contact and sympathy.
The time lias arrived for both a closer union
and greater distance between the old world and
the new. The former indiscriminate welcome
to our prairies and the present invitation to
these palaces of art and Industry mark the
passing period. Unwatched and unhealthy Im
migration can no longer be permitted to our
shores. We must have a national quarantine
against disease, pauperism and crime. We do
not want candidates for our hospitals, our poor
houses or our jails. We cannot admit those
who come to undermine our institutions and
subvert our laws. But we will gladly throw
wide our gates lor and receive with opsn arms
those who by intelligence and virtue, by thrift
and loyalty, are worthy of receiving the equal
advantages of the priceless gift of American
citizensulp. The spirit and object of this exhi
bition are peace and kinship
The United States welcome tne sister republics
of the southern aud northern continents, and
the nations and peoples of Europe and Asia, of
Africa and Australia, with the products of their
lands, of tbair skill and of their industry to this
city of yesterday, yet clothed with royal
splendor as the queen of tne great lakes. The
artists and architects of tne country have been
bidden to design and erect the buildings which
shall fitly Illustrate the hieht of our civilization
and the breadth of our hospitality. The
peace of the world permits and protects
their efforts In utilizing tbeir powers for man’s
temporal welfare The result Is tills park of
palaces. The originality and boldness of their
conceptions, and the magnitude and harmony
of tbeir creations are the contributions of
America to the oldest of the arts and the cor
dial bidding of America to the peoples of the
earth to come and bring the fruitage of their
age to the boundless opportunities of this un
paralleled exhibition.
1# interest in the affairs of this world are
vouchsafed to those who have gone before, the
spirit of Columbus hovers over us to-day. Only
by celestial intelligence can it grasp the' full sig
nificance of this spectacle and ceremonial.
AH had, Columbus, discoverer, dreamer, hero
anti apostle We here, of every race and
country, recognize the horizon which bounded
his vision and the infinite scope of his genius.
The voice of gratitude and praise for all the
blessings which have been showered upon man
kind by bis adventure is limited to no language,
but Is uttered in every tongue. Neither marble
nor brass ean fitly form his statue. Continents
are his monument, and unnumbered millions,
past, present and to come, who enjoy in their
liberties ana their happiness the fruita of his
faith, will reverently guard and preserve from
century to century his name and fame.
The first to greet the distinguished New
Yorker as he concluded his oration was
Henry Watterson, who clasped his hand and
congratulated bint warmly upon his elo
quent words.
The W ords of the Great Ecclesiastic’s
Invocation Full of Fervor.
Chicago, Oct. 21.— The twilight of ap
proai'hius dusk wag steali- g through the
building as Mr. llepew v qcludod his ora
tion, and the mellowing scene was favor
able to the fervent words of Cardinal Gib
bons.as he uttered the following invocation:
We are assembled. O Lord, in Thy name to
celebrate with grateful homage the 400th anni-
Versary of ihe discovery of this u .ntiueut.
we adore rhy wisdom in choosing lor this
pr.videniLil mission fny servant Columbus,
xv..o united to the skill and daring of a navi
garor the zeal uf an apostle, aud who was not
only Impelled by the desire of enriching Ida
sovereign with the wealth of new dominions
but was inspired with the .sublime ambition of
t,ie I'Kht Of the gospel to a people
Untied in tnedaikness of idolatry 1
w, . h ‘' the land wruch gave birth to Colum
n s. aid the land from which beset, forth on
. Au>cjgeoi,Aplorauon through hitherto un
known seas, are resounding with dtvina praise.
It is and just that we give special thank- to
Thee, since we have a share in that earthly
heritage which his indomitable spirit purchased
for us and for thousands u mumuered of the
human family. For, where blessings abound,
gratitude should superaboifnd. And if Colum
bus poured forth hymns of thanksgiving to
Thee when a new’ world first dawned upon hi-*
vision, though like Israel's leader, he was not
destined to abide in the promised land, ho v
much greater should be our sense of devout
gratitude, since, like the children of Israel, we
eni >y The fruit of his labors and victory
But not for this earthly inhsritance only do
we tha k I'hee. but still more for the precious
boon of constitutional freedom which we pos
sess: for even this favored land of ours would
be to us a dry and barren waste if it wore not
moistened by the dew of liberty. huznblv
implore Thae to continue to bless ourt>e! ved
country and her cherished institutions, and we
soiemnlv vow. in this vast assembly and in the
naint of our fellow citizens, to exert all our
power in preserving this legat-y unimpaired,
and In transmitting it as a priceless heirloom to
succeeding generations.
We pray Thee. O God of might, wisdom and
justice, through whom authority is rightly a!
ministered, laws are enacted aid judgment <le
creed, to assist with Thy holy spirit of counsel
and fort tude the President of these Luted
States that his administrate >n rn*y beconducte 1
in righteousness and be eminently us fill t" I hy
people qver whom he presides by encouraging
due respect for virtue and religion and by a
faithful execution of the laws in justice and
Vouchsafe. O Lord, to bless tho Ir.b rs of tho
president an 1 directors of the world*- Columbian
exposition, that, it may redo in Ito ihe increase I
prosperity and development of this young and
flourishing metropolis
May the new life and growth which it will im
part to this throbbing center of trad- puNato
and be fel* even to the farthest extremity of
tne land, and may the many streams f indus
try converging from every quarter or the globe
inthis great heart of Illinois flow’ back with in
creased abundance into every artery of the com
mercial world. May this interna* ional exposi
tion contribute t< the promotion of the liberal
arts, scieuos, useful knowledge and industrial
Ah 1,900 years ago men assembled in
Jerusalem from various portions of the old
world, to hear from ttie lips of Thy apostles
“the wonderful work* of God, M m shall we
soon behold men assembled here from Europe,
Asia, Africa and Australia, from the islands of
the Atlantic and the Pacific, as well as from all
parts of the American continent, to contem
plate the wonderful work* of man—of man
created to Thine image and likeness—of man
endowed with divine intelligence—cf inanthe
productions of wnose genius manifest Thy
wisdom and creative power n<t less clearly
than “the heavens which declare Thy
glory, and the firmament which showeth
forth the works of Thy hands.” Aud as
every contemplative being and student of nat
ure “finds tongues in trees, books in the running
brooks, and sermons in stones,” aud rises from
nature to nature’s God. so will be devoutly rise
from the contemplation of these works of hu
man skill to tho admiration of Thee, the un
created nr hiteot. For every artist and man of
genius who will exhibit Ids work ~ within ths*e
inclosures must say, with tbe royal prophet,
“Thy 1 amis, O God, have made and fashion© i
me,” and with Beznlee), who fram’d tho
ancient tabernacle, he must confess that Thy
spirt enlightened his understanding and
guided his hands.
(•rant, O Lord, that this pacific reunion of the
world's representatives may be instru
mental in bringing together tin* cl ssr ties of
friendship and brotherly love, all the empires
ana commonwealths of the globe. May it help
to break down the walls of dissension and jeal
ousy that divides race from race, nation lr-ra
nation, and poopln from people by proclaiming
tho sublime lesson of tbe fatherhood of God and
the brotherhood of (’hrlsf. Mar the good will
and fellowship which will he fostered in this
hospitable city among the delegates of the pow
ers be extended to the governments which they
will represent. May the family <>f nations lie
come so closely identified m their interests by
social and commercial relations, that when one
nation Is visited by any public calamity, all the
others will be aroused to sympathy, and be
ready, if necessary, to stretch out a helping
hand to tne suffering member
Arise. O God. in Thy might and hasten the
day when the reign of the Prince of Peace will
be firmly established on tho earth, when the
spirit of the gospel will so far sway the rninds
And hearts of rulers, that ihe clash of war will
be silenced forever by the cheerful hum of in
dustry, that standing armies will surrender to
permanent courts of arbitration, that contests
will be carried on in the cabinet instead of the
battle field, and decided by ths'pen instead of
the sword.
Finally, we pray that under Tliy superintend
ing providence, that “reaeheth from end to end
mightily, and ordereth all things sweetly,” tills
Columbian exposition, like the voyage of Co
lumbus, may result In accomplishing a divine
as well as a human mlstuun May it exert a
wholesome Influence on the moral and religious,
as well as on the social and material, world.
May it promote the glory of God, as well as the
peace and temporal prosperity of man. May it
redound to the development of Christian faith
and Christian principles, and may the queen of
commerce, in her triumphant progress through
out the world, be, at the same time, the hand
maid of religion aud of Christian civilization to
the nations of tho earth.
The opening words of Cardinal Gibbons,
characterizing Columbus as a religious en
thusiast, so soon after Mr. Dspew had
typified the great navigator as the founder
of an asylum from the religious persecu
tion of the age, displayed n contrast of sen
timent which wns by no means lost to the
audience. The divergence of opinion, how
ever, wan accepted as an incident easily to
be accounted fur in the declaration of Mr.
Depew, that, looking through the dim shad
ows of the past, each was free to draw his
own conclusion.
"In Praise of God," a selection from Bee
thoven, next rendered by tho chorus,
wns a selection favorable to the closing
exercises of the ceremonies and was
followed by these words of benediction
from Kev. H. C. McCook of Philadelphia:
‘ln the name of God, the Father, Bon and
Holy Ghost, I invoke and pronounce the
divine benediction upon this world’s Co
lumbian exposition, its offloers, managers,
patrons and promoters. An now may the
grace of our Lord Jesus CDrist and the love
of God and communion of the Holy Ghost
be with you and ahlde upon !vou all for
ever more. Amen.”
Blowlv the multitude dispersed, but it
was nearly half an hour before the last of
the thousands assembled filed from the
building and bade farewell to the scene of
the dedication ceremonies of the world’s
Columbian exposition.
Brilliant Inauguration of tho Colum
bian Congresses.
Chicago, Oct. 21.— The brightest point,
perhaps, in the galaxy of world's fair cele
brations was the night at the auditorium,
when the Columbian congresses were inaug
urated by Arohbisbop Ireland of Ht. Paul.
Certainly the occasion was brilliant beyond
all expectations, aud the demands for beats
to hear the famous American prelate was
relatively greater in comparison with the
facilities, it is estimated, than the extraor
dinary pressure for admission to the dedica
tion ball Itself at Jackson park to-day. The
world-wide, broad character of the con
gresses. and of tbs vast audience, filling
every chair atid nook of the auditorium
to-night, was exemplified in the fact that
while the orator was an archbishop of the
faith of Rome, the benediction was spoken
by probably the # foremost western repre
sentative of evangelism. Dr. William R.
Harper, president of the great new univer
sity of Chicago. Not a less remarkable
index was the circumstance that
two of the addresses on the night's
programme were by women, who,
it must be Eaid, proved themselves worthy
peers of those of the sterner sox who came
before and after Mrs. Potter Palmer and
Mrs. Cuarles HenrociD. •
From the Vice President of the United
States down, the list of brainy ami distin
guished people that would nearly fill an un
abridged dictionary composed the mag
nificent gathering, not the least interested
persons being Archbishop Ireland’s fellow
churchman, Cardinal Gibbons, and tho
papal legate. Mgr. Satolli,preceding all the
JJThe openiug invocation this evening
was impressively voioed by Rev. John
Henry Barrows, pastor of the First Prevby
teriau church of Chicago, and chairman of
the general committee on religious con
gresses. The invocation contained
references to Columbus, to Islam
and, without naming him, to
Archbishop Ireland that challenged
quick attention. Dr. Barrows’ prayer for
the rulers of other nations, mentioning a
number specifically, including "The mou
archs who represent the faith of Islam’’
and concluding with these words: "Mav
the movement which we inaugurate
to-night hasten the time when liberty shall
be universal and the kingdoms of this world
shall become tho kingdom of our Lord
and of his Christ, and to thy name shall be
praise forever. Amen.’*
President Charles C. Bonney of the
worl i-s congress ajxiliary now delivered
the adiress of welcome, ouly two sentences
long, as follows: The world's congress
auxiliary salutes and welcomes this mag
nificent audience, assembled to witness the
inaugural c3rernonies of an intellectual
and moral exposition of the progress
of mankind to bo iu tho world’s congresses
of ISII3. Greeting on behalf of the women’s
bra- oh of the auxiliary will be given by its
President, Mrs. Potter Palmer.” The greet
i g by Mrs. Potter Palmer was equally
brief aud to the point, thus: “The women’s
branch of the world’s congress auxiliary,
representing the marvelous progress of
woman during the last four centuries,
unites most cordially in this greeting, and
sends cojgr tulations to the leaders of that
progress in all enlightened lands.**
The salutation in honor of Queen I*at>el!a
by Mrs. Henrotin, was also a beauty of
compression as follows: “Th.e assistance
whicn Columbus received from Queen Isa
bella enabled him to discover
aril reveal American continents. The
aid which enlightened womanhood,
the queen of this new age, now offers to all
men, will enable them, especially the toil
ing millions, to find in their own countries
new worlds of intellectual and moral en
joyments, enhance 1 material prosperity,
improved social conditions and a rich fruit
age of resulting peace.’* It was at this time
that Archbishop irelan 1 was introduced by
President Bonney. When the wonderful
uproar of applause tnat greeted Archbishop
Ireland had measurably subsided he deliv
ers Ia long discourse.
The singing of “America” by the entire
audience came next, and thou the bene
diction was pronoun cod by Dr. HArper,
which closed the exorcises.
Three Fimllar Displays Olva a Slriml
taneous’y t.> Divide the row!
Chicago, Oct. 21. —To-night the dedi
cator}' exercises closed with tho most gorgo
ous display of fireworks ever given in the
world. To avoid cone miration of the mass
of people this display was divided into
three parts and given in as many parts of
th city. The programmes were identical.
A display was give i m Washington park,
on the sonth side, i aril eld park on the west
side, and Lincoln park on the north. The
largest crowd congregated at Washington
park, which was the most accessible from
the heart of the city, but it is esti
mated that no loss t lan 200,000
people saw each of theio displays. The dis
play opened with a s liute of 100 15-inch
mrial rnnroous, which expi jJoI at a:i alti
tude of 600 feet aud sent a shower of fire
back to earth. As this died away each
park suddenly blazed forth in magical illum
inations from 500 prismatic lights fired by
electricity, changing colors fivo times and
throwing over the trees the tints of tLe
national colors and the newly adopted
municipal terracotta. Then 500 p mud
rochets rushed to the skies from each of the
ihrce parks, hieudiug with the various tints
in the heavens. From timo to time tne
parks were brilliantly illuminated with
colored fires iu generous quantities.
One of the crowning features
of the marvelous display was the magnifi
cent Columbian bouquet made by a flight
of 15,000 rockets, 5,000 at the same mo me .t
from each of the three parks. This is the
largest flight of rockets known in tue his
tory of the world, and its beauty cannot be
fullv described in words. For two minutes
the effect was seen in every part of the city
and for miles around it. Tne heavens were
turned into a sea of fire in every color of
the rainbow, and forming a most gorgeous
cauopy thai evor clothed any city on either
oontiuenc. Iu each of the parks 5 bomb
shells, 00 inches iu circumference and weigh
ing 110 pound*, were thrown f.om mortars
to an altitude of 700 feet, where they
exploded, forming a picture of marvelous
graudeur. The set piecos were of a character
that brought out a wealth of enthusiasm
from the great assemblage. The first oc
cupied 2,000 square feet of space and bore
the inscription in fire “Chicago Wele >me
the Nations of tho Earth 1402-1892.” This
inscription was supported by two American
eagles, above whioh were brought out the
outlines of the various world’s fair build
ings. Then a set piece with an area of
2,500 square feet represented in fire the
sailing of Columbus from Palos and illus
trating his fleet, the Pmta,
Santa Maria, and Nina. Niagara
Falls was also given in lire,
presenting a cataract 600 feet in length of
goldeu spray, and forming an effect never
before equalled. There were also many
other devices and designs, and when 10
o’clock had passed the most elaborate fire
works display that wai ever burned closed
with the great Columbian bouquet of 18,000
• 1
Interesting Facts and Figures About
tha ursat Bhow.
Chicago, Oct. 21.—The formal dedication
of the world's Columbian exposition affords
the first opportunity for public examina
tion, criticism, and approval or disapproval
of tho buildings to be devoted to this great
international enterprise. Tho information
which has previously gone to the pu lie has
been fragmentary, incomplete, and to a
great extent prospective l ither than of
that official or autvoritative character
which can only arise from practical results,
To-ilay finds all the great buildings, which
only existed to the architectural eye twelve
mo :ths ago, now practically completed
and ready for the installation of exhibits. In
tho quick succession with which the waves
of progress ancl enterprise have succeeded
each other sointi changes have naturally been
made, aud, an a result, an educational
building not jot begun may fiud a place
among the other great structures of the
fair to'ore the fovmal opening on May 1.
With the growth and development of'the
original plausthe financial necessities of the
fair have also tremendously increased, but
public enthusiasm has fortuoate.y kept pace
with this rapid development until the con
templated 13,000,000 world’s fair of three
years ago has uov grown to a world’s Col
lumbiau exposition with $18,750,000 avail
able and to be actually expended before the
gatesare oponed to,visiters. In addition to
tnis, millions of dollars are to be expended
by the several states in tho construction of
stale buildings and installation of state er
hibits. Tne manage uient of the world’s
Columbian exposition may be said to be
vested in four organii atio s: The national
commission, authorized by congress;
the world’s Columbia n exposition, organ
ized under the laws of the state of Illinois;
the board of lady managers auihorized by
oongress: and the world’.: congress auxiliary.
The naii mal commission is composed of
eight cominisaioners-at- large, with alter
nates; two commissioner-from each state,
territory, and the District of Columbia, one
democrat aad one republl can appointed by
the President on t:.e n initiation of their
respective governors. Tti.s commission has
delegated its authority no eight of its
members, who constitute a board of
reference and control, And who act
with a similar number selected from
the world’s Columbian exposition. The of
ficers of this commission cure: President,
Thomas W. Palmer; vine presidents,
Thomas W. Walker, M. H. DeYoung, D.
11. Penn, C, W. Allen and Alexander B.
Andrews; socretary, John T\ Dickinson.
The world’s Columbian exiiosition is com
posed of forty-livo citizens of Chicago,
elected an: uallj r by the stockholders. On
this body falls the burden o>! raisiug tne
necessary money and of tne active manage*
mo it. its officers are: President, Harlow
N. Higinbotham; vice president, F. IV.
Pock; second vice president, R. A. Waller;
socretary. H. O. Edmouds, and solicitor,W.
K. Carlisle.
Tho b ard of lady managers i b composed
of two members, with alternates , from each
state and territory, aud nine frt rn the city
of Chicago. It has the sup irvision of
women’s participation in the (exposition,
ami of whatever exhibits C k i isu’s work
i may be made. Mrs. Bertha H. Palmer is
president aud Mrs. t-usan Gale Cooke secre
tary of tbs roard of lady managers.
The world’s congress auxiliary wasorean
i zed for the purpose of holding a series of
conur-sses to supplement the exposition
that will be made of the material progress
i t the world by a portrayal of the achieve
m *nts in science, literature, education,
government, jurisprudence, morals, oharitv,
art, religion and other branches of mental
activity. George it. Davis of Chicago is
direct r general of the entire exposition and
theref 're is chief executive officer. In the
joint b< ard of control Is of course vested
the actual management, and from ihe
verdict of this hoard there is no appeal. The
financial situation of the world’s Columbian
exposition at the present time is most satis
fa tary. The recent appropriations of oon
gresa. quickly followed by the sale of $4,
(KSi.OOO debenture bonds, place the enter
prise in a position to meet any expense to
be incurred before the opening of the gates
To Lyman J. Gage, ex-president the world’s
Columbian exposition, is due groat credit
for his exoellent services in every hour of
financial crisis which the exposition basex
jrienoed. The following figures, official
and estimated, showing the amount of cash
from all sources that will be available for
exposition expenses up to the close of the
From capital stock and
proceeds of city of
Chicago bonds $10,500,000
Appropriation from U. S.
treasury in souvenir
coin* 2 510.000
Premium on same 2,500,010
Proceeds on debenture
bonds 4,003,000
„ Total $19,300,000
Gate receipts for ad mis
sion to the exposition. $10.000,C03
Prom concessions and
privileges 3 500,003
Salvage 1,500,000 13.000,000
Total estimate receipts $34,500,000
From this $34,500,000 there must be de
ducted the total cost of constructing and
operating expenses, which are esitrnated as
Cost of constructing the
buildings, preparatory
exi" rises, etc., to May
1. 1*33 $18,750,00
Operating expense, from
Mav 1. iBOS 2.500,000
T tul $21,250,000
If these figures are borne out by results,
and every world’s fair official appears to
think they will be-there will be available
for payment of bond, and distribution
among st ckholders in 1894 about $13,250,-
0 ; o. If their expectations are realized,
stockholders will have reason for congratu
lation. 111 this connection the following
able comparing the world’s Columbian es
l>oßition with other world’s fairs of the past
ivill be peculiarly interesting:
London, 1857 21)* 700.000 J 7,000 6,033,196 144 *1,7-0.000 British Gov t. •
Taris, 1655 | 24)*| 1,8 .5,000 22,000 5,162,33# 200 6.441,10.) French Gov’t. 8 5,000,000
London, 1862 SSI* !,291, 800 26.653 6,2! 1,104 ! 121 1,644,230 English Gov’t. 2,300,000
Paris, 1807 87 3,371,90: j 62,000 10.200.000 j 217 2,103,675 French Gov t. j
: Vienna 1873. .. 2SO ! 8,768,421 j 142,000 I 7,254,687 186 6,971,832 $ 4,600,030 \ 7,850,000
: Philadelphia, 1876.. 286 1 1,688,858 j 30,864 [ 9,910,906 159 | 3,813,724 2,510,000 *
Paris. 1 <7B 100 1,868,778 40.366 16,032,728 191 j 2,531,650 *,280,000 *
rarl*. 18:9 234 1.070.000 55.000 28,149,358 j 188 | 8,300,000 3.600,000 6,500,00.4
Chica-o. 1393. ... j 633 8,000.000 ! . Om'J > i 19,800,000 18.760, WO
| i i ’ j | 1
•Run at ft Kruat less. No report ever made and exact amount of deficit cannot b© obtaino.l.
It will he seen from this table that the
world’s Columbian ‘exposition is to cost
three times as much as any previous expo
sition in the history of the world; that it
oc upies about throe timeses many acres,
and has about twice as much space under
roof as the greatest of former expositions.
No exposition 'f the past has ever received
the support of more than cue-third the
nations of the world, while the Columbian
exp iziriou has received recognition and
applications lor space from every civilized
nation of the globe. Russia, a nation which
has always held aloof from the international
expositions of Europe, testifies a special
friendship for the I’nited States by arrang
ing to sen 1 u maguificent collection of price
less art. treasures which have never before
been allowed to cross the Russian frontier.
The following are the countries which
have officially made application to Chief
Walter Fearn for space, and have received
allotments: Argentine Republic, Austria,
Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile,
China, Colombia, Corea, Costa Rioa, Cuba,
Denmark, Egypt, Ecuador, Franco and its
provinces, Great Britain and every British
possession, Greece, Guatemala, Hawaiian
Islands, Hayti, Houduias, Hungary, Italy,
Japan, Liberia, Mexico, Madagascar, Neth
erlands and all colonies, Nicaragua, Nor
way, Far ago ay, i’ersia. Peru. Russia, Sal
vador, Ban Do iingo, Be.-via, 8 mm, Sweden,
Switzerland, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Of these tne iullowiog countries will have
independent g.vernmeut t uiidings: Aus
tria, Canada, Ceylon, China, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Ecuador, France,Great Britain,
Guatemala. Havti, Italy. Japan, Nicaragua,
Norway, Prussia, Sweden and Turkey.
Concessions have been made for the pur
pose of conducting theaters, restaurants,
shops and representations of native life to
the following government*: Algeria, Aus
tria, China, British India, Dahomey, Egypt,
Hungary, the Islands of the Paoifle, Italy,
Japan, Morocco, Persia, Sandwich islands
and Tunis.
The appropriations made by various for
eign govern ents up to this time foot up
nearly 18.000.0d0, and they will probably
expend $2,51K1,000 more.
The true magnitude of the world’s Colum
bian exposition can only bt> realized when it
is stated that, the United States not consid
ered, the space already alloted to foreign
nations alone exceeds the total space of any
previous world's fair. In addition to this
will come the space of American exhibitors,
which far exceeds the aggregate of all the
foreign nations of the wo Id. Nearly every
state in the union has made appropriations
for state buildings and state exhibits, and
there are already under construction no less
than thirty state buildings o:i tho grounds.
The world’s fair site is in Jackson park
and Midway pia.sauce, about six milosfrom
tha center of the city of Chicago, and 1,037
acres is embraced m the site. This is nearly
four times the area of the previous exposi
tion, aud the number of square feet uuder
roof, over 5,txk),000, is nearly twice as much
as the greatos: oxpositiou of the l ast. Tho
beauty >f the location of the buildings of
the world’s Columbian exposition is that
neai ly every structure fronts on the lake,
the entire eastern limits of the park for
1 1 . miles being washed by the shores of
Lake Michigan. In tha northern portious
of tiie park are grouped nearly all the state
buildings, ’he fine art building and the va
rious siructures of foroigu nations. Nex;
come, the fisheries building, which is situated
just north of the lagoon, and directly we-t
of the fisheries building on the opposite side
of the park, stands the woman’s building.
South of the woman's building and on the
same side of the lagoon, which 1 arallels the
lake, are the horticultural building and tho
transportation building. To the southward
of the government building, on the east
side of the lagoon and bordering on the lake,
is the giant structure of the fair, the manu
factures and liberal arts building.
South of this edifice is the great pier, for
lake steamers, extending 1,000 feet into the
lake and on one wing of which is the mueio
hall. Extending westward from the pier is
a long avenue several hundred feet wide.
All down this grand avenue, encompassing
a beautiful sheet of water, stand
imposing buildings along the
majestic facades of which sweeps the
gaze of the vidtor until it rests on the ad
ministration building nearly a mile distant.
West of the agricultural building stands
machinery hall, whiob is its equal in size
and is especially rich in architectural lines
and details. To the northward of the ad
ministration building on either side and
facing tho grand avenue staud two more
immense buildings, one for the el ictrical and
the other for the mining exhibit. Near by
is wooded islaud—a dalighttul gem of primi
tive nature—in striking contrast with tbe
elaborate productions of human skill which
surround it. In the southwestern portion
of the grounds are tbe great depots, the
numerous rails ay tracks and the stock
families. The forestry building fronts the
lake In the southeast and near bv is the sa’v
mill, the dairy building and various other
smaller but equally interesting structures.
Like a giant am ng pigmies the manu
factures and liberal arts building looms up
above its companion buildings nntil their
colossal proportions are dwarfed into insig
nificance by the very comparison. Noted
as the largest building ever constructed, it
loses nothing of its beauty by its size, as in
symmetrical proportions and design it rivals
any of the other great architectural tri
umphs oLthe world's Columbian exposition.
This building, which is completed and ready
for exhibits to-day, covers over 30 acres, and
liasin floor space, including galleries, an
area of 43 acres. It is over a quarter
of a mile in length, cost $1,700,000
and contains 16,1X10,000 feet of lum
ber and 15,000,000 pounds of iron. It is
only p ssible to appreciate the immensity of
this siructure by comparison, and when one
is told that it is four times larger than the
old Roman Coliseum, which seated 80,000;
that the great pyramid Cheeps could he
comfortably housed ou its Inside and still
leave room for the Sphinx, Cleopatra’s
Needle, Liberty Statue on Bedloe’s Island
and Notre Dame of laris as additional at
tractions, an adequate appreciation is re
ceived of its magnitude. It is the boast of
its builders that the manufactures building
contains in its root alone enough iron and
steol to build the Brooklyn bridge. An
unprecedented feat of engineering and
architecture is accomnlished in the co 1-
struction of the roof of this building. Under
the single roof span of the building just
over the main ball is inclosed over eleven
acres, an area entirely free from supporti g
pillars or posts, from which the roof, over
200 feet above, looks like the vaulted
heavens having for its support the horizon,
where roof and earth gradually appear t<>
approach each other. A gallery fifty feet
wide circles the interior of the building aud
projecting from this aro eighty-six smaller
galleries, twelve feet wide, from which
visitors will have an exoellent view of the
acres of sxhibits below, its multitude of
galleries, corridors aud aisle3, paralleling
ami intersecting, give the interior of tho
building the appearanoe of a great city, so
much so indeed that a system of street
nomenclature has heen found necessary iu
indicating the geographical location of ex
hibits. "Columbia avenue" extends
through the mammoth building longitudi
nally, a veritable street fifty feet wide, in
tersected at the oenter by an avenue of like
width, whioh extends from wing to wing.
Each aisle or street is ornamented with
lamp posts having shielded arc lights. Ten
thousand electric lights will tie necessary to
illuminate the building. If the fantasy had
led the exposition officials to have indeed
constructed a city beneath this roof along
the various avenues and streets, 1,000 ooi
leges could have found rooms within its
walls and a population of 5,000 people oould
have existed here without a single
discomfort of on overcrowded city.
Three hundred thousand people can be com
fortably seated in this building, and the
largest standing army in the world—that of
Russia—oould be mobilized beneath its
The most novel of all the world’s fair
buildings in its construction and design is
the forestry building. It is alaiost incredi
ble to cotice ve that a building 500 feet long
aud 200 feet wide can be built without a
nail or an ounce of metal in its construc
tion, yet this feat has been accomplished in
the forestry building.
The Day Observed in the Schools With
Appropriate Exercises.
Washington, Oct. 21.— Columbus day
passed away in Washington more quietly
tfian an ordinary holiday. The city was
almost as quiet as Sunday. The anniver
sary of America’s discovery was celebrated
in the churches and sohools, but there was
no elaborate observance of the day. Build
ings, public and private, were not deco
rated, and only a few more flags were fly
ing than on ordinary days. All the gov
ernment buildings were closed, uf were also
the banks, private offices, and stores and
employes, free from duty for tho day, took
advantage of the occasion to enjoy them
selves a: will. The weather was perfect.
The principal celebrations were in the pub
lic and private schools. The exercises were
pretty much the same as in tho schools in
other parts of the oountry. The public
school children in each building were as
sembled and the President’s proclamation
was read, national airs sung and patriotic
addresses delivered.
The Catbolio schools observed the day
with impressive ceremonies. At Gonzaga
and St. John’s colleges large numbers of
students went through musical and literary
Many churches held services at which ap
propriate music was rendered aud addresses
or sermons delivered by the pastors ou
subjects suggested by the occasion. The
Presbyterians of the city held a joint service
at the New York Avenue oburcb, which
was well filled. At the Ep.phany Episco
pal church, Bishop Hugh Miller Thompson
of Mississippi praised God for the discovery
of the land. He thought we owed a little
to Columbus, but much to God.
At St. Aloysius ohurch the mass of the
Holy Ghost was celebrated, and to-night
there was a torchlight parade of the var
ious Catholic parishes. More than 5,000
persous were in line. A mass meetiug of
Catholics was also held.
The District National Guard marched
beyond the outskirts of the oity and par
ticipated in a lively sham battle.
The Great National Anniversary Ob
served In Fine Styl e.
Ocala, Fla., Oct. 21.—0f all the holi
day celebrations in the pat in Ocala, the
one of to-day outshone them all for the
number of persons in attendance and pupils
in line, l’rof. Streator had over 400 pupils
who participated, every one of whom wore
a badge and bore a flag. The Ocala Rifles,
Knights of Pythias iu uniform. G. A. K.
led by the colored cornet band, and the fire
department, participated in the exorcises.
The orators of the day were State Superin
tendent Elect W. N. Sheets, who took for
his theme "Columbus. His Discoveries;
What They 1 ,ed To.” He spoke for nearly
an hour iu the open air iu good voice aud
with fine effect.
T. E. Harris, editor of the Ocala Homier,
came next. He spoke of America’s
contributi n to tne progress, comfort and
enlightenment of the nations of the earth.
Capt. John H. Welsh dilated on tho dis
{Conttr.ued un L fifth Fayr.)
Mr. A. D. Leonard
Of Utica, N. Y., suffered severely fronv Liver
and Kidney troubles, causing great pain and
T . . -r- if- ■ ■ Other medicines
That Tired Feehrig faUedto d0 him
any good, but so successful and satisfactory
■was Hood’s Sarsaparilla that he has- taken no
other medicine and is now well. The best
known kidney and liver remedies are so
happily combined with tonics and alteratives In
Hood’s Sarsaparilla
that It is an unequalled remedy for all troubles
with these important organs, overcomes That
Tired Feeling and raakn the weak strong.
HOOD’B PILLB cure Habitual Constipation by
restoring peristaltic action of the alimentary canal.
LOVELL—SCHIRM.—At the residence of the
bride s fa.aer, Oct. 20, 18n2, by the Pev. L. C.
Vass, D. 1)., Mr Robert P. Loveul and Miss
Katie A. Schirm. both of this city.
KI NKHAL iwvitatioits.
SMITH.—The friends and acquaintance of
Mr. Frank Smith and W. Smith a id G. W.
Griffith and families are requested to attend
the funeral of the former from their residence.
No. -il Anderson street, THIS MORNING at 10
YViil meet in Atlanta Nov 14, in the capitol. to
examine candidates for druggists’ license. For
further information address Dr. H. R. SLACK,
Secretary, LaGrange, Ga.
On and after Feb 1. 1890. the basts of meas
urement of all advertising in the Moruino News
will be agate, or at the rate of §1 40 an inch for
the first Insertion. No Special Notice inserted
for lees than 21 (XL
Passengers can obtain from conductors trans
fer slips to and from the Broughton and Haber
sham street lino to and from an 7 of the City and
Suburban lines.
At the petition of numbers of its patrons the
Central railroad has put on an additional train
to Tybee on and after Oct. 82. to be run Sun
days only, leaving Tybee depot at 6:15 o’clock
a. M., returning leaving Tybee Island at 7:15
o’clock A. M
Bull and Confess.
When for twenty-live cents you can get a large
bottle of •
Which will remove instantaneously upon appli
cation grease or stain < from silk or woolen
goods without injury to the fabric, at
103 Congress Street and !>2 Bull Street. •
Your choice of Palmetto Brushes for 10c.. re
gardless of size. Former prices ‘to 25c. Best
thing on earth for cleaning clo. ics or scrub
bing. They are very durable. A pure transpar
ent Glycerine Ball Soap for Sc., 60c. a dozen.
Large line of Toilot requisites, Soaps, Per
fumery, Brushes, etc., just received direct from
manufacturers. Prices very reasonable.
r. c. McCall,
Cor. Congress and Whitaker Street*.
Telephone 117.
Has returned and resumed his practice, limited
to Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat, at
Office hours: 10 to 2 and 3to 4.
Abercorn and Henry Street*.
For 25 Cents
Cures all aches.
Cure* all pains.
Cures all diarrhoea.
Cures the cholera.
He still has the prescription
Books of Butler’s Pharmacy,
and is the only one who can
repeat the prescriptions
Bar, Band and Hoop Iron.
Naval Stores Supplies,
155 Broughton and 138-140
State Streets.
Q3£ Bay St. Savannah.
A' - [SING : *toc•!’ jn. t >
will sumy bring gruu results Try it tud
be convinced.
savannah' theater;
tllsday matinee. $ 25,
Supported by Her Own Company of Comedy and
Musical Talent.
xr o everything changed:
New Songs. New fracas! New Lances* New
Costumes! New Music! New Sayings!
New Funn Situations*
. .952?". T“ nce - The hit of the Season:
"Nigger and the Bee,” "Sligo,” “Push Deia
Clouds, "Where Are You Going,
My Pretty Maid?"
JEFF D. BERNSTEIN, Prop’r and Mang r
Seats at Livingston’s. Oct. 21 Kext Attrao
tion "THE DAZZLER. Oct. 26.
189 2.
Charleston invite* you to attend
and y3u should.
The city Is arranging a costly and
elaborate entertainment for you
and your friends.
The railroads will bring you her*
at a moderate cost.
You will enjoy the novel pro
gramme because of it* novelty, and
you wall not be charged a copper
for any advertised amusement un
der our auspices.
Therefore we say come, bring the
family. Tell your c ighbors to join
the party. We want a crowd—tho
Digger the better.
All information will be supplied
*>T .
J. H. I.OEB, Secretary,
>47 George Street,
THE tills BANK
of savannah.
Capita! 5500,000
Transacts a general banking business.
Maintains a Savings Department and allow*
INTEREST AT 1 PER CENT., compounded
The account* of Individuals, firms, banks and
corporations are solicited.
With our large number of correspondents la
CAROLINA, we are prepared to handle collec
tions on the most favorable terms.
Correspondence invited.
Vice President.
116 I*2 Bay Street,
[ DUNKIRK.etc.
E'~Speclal rates paid for draft* of masters
of Spanish vessels and for drafts drawn by
masters of vessels bound for Spanish ports.
ISI.ANTB, Bouquets, Designs, Cut Flowen
furnished to order. Leave orders at Savan
nah Piano Cos., cor. Bull and York sis. The Belt
Railway passes through the nursery. Talephon*

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