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The morning news. [volume] (Savannah, Ga.) 1887-1900, July 03, 1893, Image 3

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wakemans wanderings.
oi the Most Noted ot Ancient
English Inns.
Channitur Pictures from Some of the
jjost Ancient Inns of England, from
200 ' o 5* 0 Yeai s Old, Which Are Still
l!l0 Resort of Traveler*—The Lygon
Armß at Broadway, the New Inn at
Glaucester and the Unicorn at Bowes.
ko lK lon. June 19.—'There is no place, in
where such a fine example of the
Tfr ; aIl . icnt stone-built village may be
~ , | j. it nnndway, the “Brttilwein"
- .'vn irs ago, which nestles against
, > . r slope of the nortnwostorn face
0 J the t'otswold hills, overlooking the
l on ,; v vale of Evesham. The many
pablcil I.ygon Arms, a delicious resort for
American and English artists and other
crenuin* epicures of food, scenery and
cliar:.’ mg antiquities, is the most ancient
0 f , 1 ti e structures of the slumberous
oM mountain town.
The precise structure standing here to
ga. is known to have been occupied as an
inn for upwards of 500 years. It is charm"
imrlv pi turosque without, and Its in
terier is most,quaintly arranged, with
odd leinks and corners, while the lirstfloor
of the east wing has a fine old room with
a curiously carved chimney- piece in stone,
other interesting ornamentation, and a
wondrous lot of charming traditions about
the great folk, some on desperate business,
like diaries 1., in 1045, and Cromwell, in
IHM. who havo lodged within it. Broad
way itself is the sweetest old English
pastoral village idyl to he found in Eng
land, and. to mo. this ancient hostelry,
with its Tudor chimneys, its many gables
and dormers, its stone and iron liniuls,
mullinnod windows and bays, its fine old
ingles and fireplaces, with its stone walls
thick as a fort’s, massed with creepers
and vines, is Its warmest and mellowest
The old cathedral city of Gloucester
jmsess s several very ancient ini* which
a:vstill in use, two of which nre regard
ed as among the most interesting sights
of the place by all foreign travelers. One
of these, the Now Inn, is an extraordi
nary relic of very ancient times and deep
ly interesting from its great age, its hos
torical associations and its extremely
meturseque character, its architecture
having many features in common with
the larger and distinctly moresquo inns
of Spain and Portugal.
Readers of history will recall that the
splendid south aisle of Gloucester's mag
nificent cathedral was built in 1818 by Ab
bot Thokey, during the period of whose
abbacy the body of murdered King Ed
ward 11. which had boon refused Inter
ment in the abbeys Malmesbury, Kings
v.nod and Bristol, was given burial with
in it. Great pilgrimages to Edward’s
tomb, and wonderfully increased revenues
to the then abbey church resulted. The
throngs were sometimes so enormous that
the city could, not Shelter them, and they
were nblidged to encamp at night outside
the gates. A shrewd old monk, named
John Tm-nius, taking proper advantage
of the situation, i 1450, under the abbacy
and with the sanction and assistance of
the famous abbot, Thomas Seabroke,
built the New Inn, which at the time
doubtless had no superior as a public hos
telry in Europe. Think of taking your
ease in your inn, ns you can do in the New
Inn of Gloucester to-day, in a tavern
which has survived the changes of 4411
years and never boon closed a day!
Ihe quaint old place is so cunningly
hid den behind the grim walls of . North
gate street that the casual straggler, not
having it in actual quest, would be fortu
hate inaeed if his glance penetrated tine,
deep.dark archway separating it from
the street and fell upon the charming old
wiald scene within. 1 can never forgot
my own eipepiencevwben, wholly igno
rant of the spot. uqrV°fail of dear old
( iiueester. for that ipatter, I had come
av- i a wearisome tramp down from the-
Mulvern hills, and without object or pur
lev was leaning against the corner of
this same dark archway for a bit of rest.
1 arnmg in a vagrant way to depart, a
coaching party dashed gayly past tne
through the archway. Mv eves followed
the cavalcade, and then my legs followed
my gladdened eyes. What an exquisite
ph'usage was in that souse of original dis
ov.erv of a place so picturesque and old !
how hesitantly I tiptoed about that fine
mid .aijeient courtyard, foastiug on this
ami tliat like a covetous intruder; and
"lu-ii I found that these were- anybody's
pictures for the reckoning of even three
penny worth of entertainment, with what
Might did 1 luxuriuto at.the bow-window
’■ ,lk ' hue old coffee room, ordering this
awl that which 1 did not want, and tip
ping the waiter so immoderately that he
sent another, and that one another, but
wxiiig them all with questions so that
■■■' gasped between answers, and finally
'v can up by settling an advance score
■ l a a removed all doubts of responsibili
' . not °f sanity, while ordering my
wage to its quaintest old room with
in loquacity of a bridegroom and tho
Bravery of a lord!
Around the eutire three stories of the
1 1 "urt, which is very spacious, run
•ii.'-rii s upon which all the dormitories
Bl'-n. precisely as with tho Spanish patio
court; while the half storv of the
teti mof is broken into dormers,hooti
n'. ". ' juvtty tiling, and their faces set,
“X the border of on old woman’s cap,
1 i. muffle but wondrous ornamentation,
rncmost pioturesquo of old stairs and
o': n ? s lea d from one story to tho other.
m- inm ornamentations, ninny cast
•h sacred emblems in view of its ortgi
ri., a?. character, aro found promis
,ll,1 s .•dttM’hed to the doors, windows.
1)' ' angles and bows. Diamond
mrJ" ' I’ anfiS In leaded frames are com
a' | asement and little swinging win
,,,are everywhere throughout the
■ i ire Niches for effigies aud carved
not yet been bidden by time
Ip2^ 0 i S 'l° R lO strp ct archway is another
picturesque archway, with tho
anel, ' :u ’k Bicretir side of the qund
i 'Ve showing fl* quaint and dream
i-ici i, n , f restfulness and antiquity as
rci,-:,,. ln Europe. Through this is
t,;' lu ’ Stable-yard, now restricted
,i,‘ '' 'uuodation for (SO horses. In olden
it,.,';.. ''! ,l dd care for hundreds of ani
lvia ’ ‘Vi 0,11 nf quality in tae time of the
cum,, i', 1 ™ , inlgrimages invariably
thi' \,,v i n"tJ*oboi‘k. Everything about
N,. v * .' , uni is queer and quaint and old.
im n i.i,,' ‘T wus seen such a radiant
tniiu, 1 "Id eornefs, little arches, rro
iows g i'h'iT 01 ' li 01 ' 1 ® 8 . Pe®l> holes of win
ami wealth pV ofl ? ce *’ ' ostnea,” taprooms,
tuic-t.,, J vines aud foliage and grave
kitclici'm'VJ te , r * iuul chubby-chcekod
to housemaids, and bar-maids
charmTf,! n . mysteries, cheer and
Ih,. i .I,lll s , v Pieal old English inn.
alongdi i , '’"" '-s, in northern Yorkshire,
.ed tlui S 1,1 for!t 'er times was oall
of the *' ni *fh Itond, possesses one
side in,'.’’'} "PMiaehs of tne ami>le road
found °lden coaching days to be
this hm‘l hn }und. Thy village and
Wc lr a„ , J u 'e always hud for me the
hi Brit .'..''"f'Jhationof any provincial spot
are now-oi. ’hough both hamlet und inn
scripti, ' j'fy and desolute beyond de
thc t;, -h , hu old inn here, now called
Georg.. | "as first known as the
Lonaon n r, ■ • ‘ OUl 'hos bound either to
peat vai-iiV lU *?® 0W ’ daily horses in its
“is to , i,: " he good ola coaching days.
Mthaim. o "h that Charles Dickens,
repair, ~| .I';,? 11 , 11 . merciful motive in fiction,
Hablot it,. 1 llls friend and companion,
thristn,. ' u ", no , a few weeks before
of 1837, where the two re
mained while Dickens secured material
for "Nicholas Xieklehy "
He had letters to a yeoman of the
place, soon to shine as one of the immor
tals of fiction as lamest - John Browdie.”
He represented himself as agent of a poor
widow desirous of placing her only boy iu
secured admission to a uumbt'r in the vi
cinity. though shut out of some by the
wary masters. The •'school" seeming
most suitable as a protot.tqie of them all.
from the persone! of its savage owner and
his family, with wild and desolate physi
cal surroundings in keeping with the hope
lessness of the school-life of the place it
self. was the Dotheboys Hall, still stand
ng in Bowes—hardly a stone’s throw from
the ancient Unicorn inn, the house being
now occupied by “old man Bonsfleld, - ’
husband of the veritable Squeor's daugh
ter, Fanny Squeers. known in life as Ma
ry Ann Shaw—where “Nicholas Nicltle
by,” his protege in misery the wretched
“Sraike,” and scores of other helpless
young lives: are depicted as having under
gone an almost inconceivable life of serv
itude, starvation and cruelty.
Investigations showed that the horri
ble picture drawn was not an exaggera
tion, and bore out Dickens’ own statement
in the original preface that “Mr. Squeers
and his school are faint and feoble pict
ures of an existing reality, purposely sub
dued and kept down lest they should be
deemed impossible." This, Dickens sec
ond, and in some respects his greatest,
novel was begun in April, 1 Silk, and fin
ished in October, 1889. At the appear
ance of the first part, he ran away from
London, as ho always did, to remain in
hiding until a distinct measure of public
favor or disfavor was shown. In the case
of "Nicholas Nickleby" his forgivable
skulking was of short duration. The first
day’s sale of the first part exceeded 50,-
000 copies. Not six months had passed
before the torture and cruelty to helpless
scholars in these remote prison-pens were
abated, and before the last chapter of
“Nicholas Nickleby" had been read, pub
lic feeling, which in many portions of the
country barely escaped expression iu riot,
had annihilated every child-hell of the
Dotheboys Hall variety in England.
If you came from Ixmdon to Bowes over
the sarao coqch-road as did Nicholas
Nickleby, wjien, nearing the end of Ills
dreary journey, "at about 0 o'clock that
night, he and Mr. Squeers and the little
boys and their united luggage were (sit
down at the Georga and New Inn,” you
would have come by the old coach road
from lyondon to Edinburgh and Glasgow.
On leaving the ancient city of York you
would have struck Into a highway 2,000
years old. Masses of Homan legions have
swept, tide on tide, back and forth over the
same stone road. Stern Agrieola, the
eourtlv Tacitus and Emperor Servius him
self, have ridden towards the unconquer
able North upon it. The latter left 50.000
of his army dead among the Scotch mists
and mountains, and with his face set to
wards Rome and home’, only reached York
to die of his wounds and chagrin.
It is the great,Roman road of England.
Watling, or Waltbllng, street it is called.
Away iu tho north of Yorkshire, a few
tniles above Cntteriek Bribge, ono stem
of this highway goes on through Durham
and Northumberland, and thence to Edin
burgh. The other swings around to the
westward traversing Westmoreland and
Cumberland t hrough Carlisle to the groat
Roman wall, which once protected Britain
from the Calodoninn hordes, and thence,
In a more modern coach read, winds
through the olden lovers' haven, Gretna
Green, to Glasgow. .On this western
stem, between the rivers Te,es and Greta,
at the eastern edge of Stanemoor, nearly
surrounded by de9olate%noors, and in the
northwest corner of Yorkshire, lies what
is.left of Bowes.
It is difficult not to wander away from a
description of the Old Unicom Inn; at
Bowes, among the literary and antiqua
rian things.or interest in it,s neigborliood.
The Inn itself must not be confounded,
even under its old name of the George,
with ttie George Inn of Greta bridge, six
miles nearer York, now used as a corn
mill. To disguise the exact location of
Dotheboys Hall, Dickens made Squeers
(Shaw) travel with young Nickleby three
miles from tho George Inn at Greta bridge
to the Supposititious "Hair’ followed by
the “cart-load of infuyt misery.” What
they really did do was to dismount all
together from the York aud Carlisle
coach within the inn-yard of this very
Unicorn, and then shiver along the crook
ed, cobbled single street of Bowes, until
they arrived at tho “long, oold-looking
house,” a little way beyond to the west,
and “a tall, loan boy (poor Smike!) with
a lantern in liis band issued forth.”
The Unicom, which seems to have com
pletely escaped the attention of English
antiquarians and travelers, is not only re
markable from its associations, in having
been the most important inn near the bor
der, between York and Glasgow and Ed
inburgh in olden times, but in also being
the largest of those ancient English road
side hostelries still extant which were'
called into existence by the necessities of
travel in the old coaching days.
At its very door the Royal Mail began
the ascent over tho Great North Hoad of
weird, dreary and vast Stanomoor. peo
pled only by'witch and warlock; silent
ever save from howling tempest; and with
no semblaee of humans upon it, save at its
desolate top, where William the Conquer
ed- and Malcolm of Soot’and fought dread
fully and long to decide the boundaries
of their respective kingdoms; and then
wisely stopi>ed and feasted, sensibly de
ciding that on the very spot, should be
raised the great Roi (nod- Here) cross, or
“Cross of Kings,” on one side of which
was graven the imageof William, and on
the other that of Malcolm; but 800 years
have eaten theso old faces away; and none
others will be seen until Kirltby Stephen,
nestling in the valley, on the other side
towards ancient Penrith und Carlisle, is
reached; all of whfoh gave traveler's
cheer at tho Unicorn a special zust not
unmixed with tinge of dread.
Its form is of a double quadrangle, each
fully 100 feet square. The ono next the
street has its entire front open to the
great ihn-yard thus formed. The two
sides abutting tho street comprised re
spectively the inn proper—a long, two
storied and gar re ted stone structure, with
a perfect maze of curious old rooms ap
proached by outlandish stairs, entries and
landings, and rendered additlonallyibe
wildering by countless niches, cuplmurds.
alcoves and blind panels: and the other a
huge brew-house, with dozens of granar
ies and store-rooms behind. The side op
posite the street provided offices and
sleeping accommodations for guards, post
boys. whips and all those inn-helpers con
cerned iu working the coaches, or dealing
with the tired eattlo of the many trave
lers on horseback, merchandise packers
and wagoners passing between England
and Scotland a century ago.
In this quadrangle are also many open
stone sheds, with tiled roofs, Stone feed
boxes and neat, slanted cobblestone floors,
where private vehicles and wagoners
could find temporary shelter in great num
bers : and in the center of this quadran
gle, set about with stone drinking-troughs,
is the most tremendous ancient pump I
have found in England, still creukingly
serving the scanty uses of the present de
generate days. , . , ,
The quadrangle <behind the inn-vard is
formed bv what remains of the ancient
stone stables, where scores of pairs of
post-horses could have found comfortable
quarters anc as many more carters’ and
packers’ cattle have ,good shelter and
c-ire In the hostel proper the huge old
kitchen must have quite oqualed the fa
mous ancient kitchen of old St. Mary's
hall, Coventry. There are still to be seen
a half dozen eoff. o and breakfast rooms,
low with deep window-scats quaint cup
boards and odd old onk paneling, whore
quests were served in parties and groups,
fustoad of in a common ball. There are
tons and tons of lead in the reof-guttera,
about the window-frames, and still firmly
holding 1 the ancient tiny panes of glMfik
Little old parlors and sitting-rooms, with
curious windows and most ancient stucco
work are still re.-ognlKihle; but Juost in- j
ten-sting of all, and illustrating the cus
toms of that early time. Is a tinv tap-room
opening Into the rear of the inn-\ard.
It has low oaken settles built stationary
into wall ami ttoor. Its huge fire-pla*"*' is
full of tiny cram's for steaming kettles
ln one corner is an oaken bed, enclosed in
a ojoset-like frame, where landlord or
Itarman could not only retire at night
completely from sight, but also lin k him
self In against uproar and ittsturhance:
and the window to this room is u low,
portly bow, in the center of which, above
a tiny stout shelf, is a singled-hlnged pane.
Through this the stablemen, hangers—on,
the late night travelers, who might be
honest or otherwise, were served with us
quebaugh or a Jorain —only after they hud
deposited coin of the realm and the
latter had reached the hostel treasury, a
groat buckskin bag within tho dark re
cesses of the barman's fortified bed.
A wonderful old curio is Use Unicorn at
Bowes, all unknown to the people of Eng
land themselves. Like the village, it is
dead In its shell. Its oaken timbers, as
those in Raleigh's old home at Youghal,
seem everlasting; but its moaning belfry,
its empty stables, its crumbling dove
cotes, its forlorn brew house, its empty
taq -room, its grass grown inn-yard, and
even its present occupancy by a strange
creature half ploughman and half school
master, who stares listlessly up and down
tho Great North Hoad for occasional vic
tim in wandering bycyelist, less frepnent
literary tramp, or yokel from the near
fields, all servo to emphasize by contrast
tho cheer and stirring days that once
were here.
As everywhere in England along it grand
old highways where stand t hese crumb
ling monuments to the mellow coaching
days, there remains but mournful silence
where there was an army of helpers and
horsekeepers: where the bow-legged post
boys in their high chokers, high hats,
huge buttons and gorgeous waistcoats, led
lives of positive renown; where the tinkle
of harness brasses and clatter of hoof
were endless; where “Rule Britania”
from shrilled-keyed bugles enlivened tlio
constant departure and arrival of coches:
where the smartcryiof "first pair out!”
set the inn-yard and stables in high com
motion: and where through the iivciong
day and night, a great roadside inn. like
the Unicorn, was the brightest, liveliest,,
cheeriest, most harum-scarum and deli
cious place to be found in all the length
and breadth of "Merrie England."
Eooab L. Wakemak.
The Railway Age has published a re
port of track laying in the country during
the first half of IS9B. It says: It is the
general impression that thus far this
year construction has been at a standstill,
aud yet the footing of our returns shows
that in the six months ending June :>
track has boen laid down on 95 different
lines, lying ln iid of the states and territo
ries, to an aggregate length of 1,015 miles
of main line, besides hundreds of miles of
sidings, additional 'tracks and renewals.
Considering that the length of track
laid in the first half of the yqj| is but a
partial indication ef the amount of work
doneon construction, this is as much as
could be expected. Last year at this
time wo reported 1,867 miles of track
luid and the total for the year was a little
short of 4,200 miles. At the same ratio
the total new mileage of 1898 will be
about 8,000 miles, and this, we presume,
will not lie far from the actual total.
There are legitimate enterprises now
under way sufficient to give a considera
ably larger mileage before the end
qf the year; out unless finan
cial conditions greatly improve
tho completion of a num
ber of them will be postponed. On the
other hand, a number of short lines which
have not commenced traclriaying will be
pushed through becauso they are needed
and will givo returns on the Investment.
The year 1893 will doubtless show a
smaller increase of railway mileage in
tho United States tliatr any year since
18T8, with the possible exception of 1885,
when the total fell under ’3,000: but for
all that new enterprises are constantly
being reported, and better times will see
a marked increased of activity in this im
portant direction.
The New York Central company has
agreed to pay Mrs. Homer R. Baldwin
$50,000 in settlement of her claim for in
juries received in the disaster on that
road at Hastings, N. Y., Christmas even
ing, 1891, although she was traveling on a
pass. Xhis is probably the largest sum
over paid by a railway company in settle
ment of a piqim for personal injuries.
Local Record for the Morning News.
Local forocast for Savannah and vicinity
till midnight, July S, 189.1: Occasioual rain;
variable winds, generally south to southwest.
Official forecast for Georgia: Local thun
derstorms, followed by clearing weather: va
riable winds; warmer in South Carolina and
Comparison of mean temperature at Savan
nah, Ga., July 2, 1803. with the normal for
the day:
Departure Total
Temperature. from the departure
—— normal. since
Normal. Mean. -J- or Jan. 1,1833
81 'B2 -J-l —IOB
Comparative rainfall statement:
Departure Total
„ , Amount from the departure
ixormai. j or normal since
July 2. 98 -j-qr Jan. 1,1893.
~g and .50 -i .32 -.11
Maximum temperature 95°, minimum tem
perature (59°.
The Cotton Bulletin for 21 hours ending (5
p. m. July 2. 1893. 75th meridian time.
Observations taken at the same moment of
time at all stations:
Districts. average.
names ’st'm Max ' Mln ' rKilln '
. names. Tern. Tem fail.
Atlanta C 90 68 .15
Augusta 9 90 70 .20
Charleston 6 92 70 .12
Galveston 18 96 74 .01
Little Rock 11 86 68 .42
Memphis 14 90 68 .11
Mobile 8 94 68 . 27
Montgomery 5 92 72 .32
New Orleans 9 92 72 .01
Savannah... 10 94 70 . 41
Vicksburg 2 90 72 .01
Wilmington 8 90 68 .ofi
stations of Max.j Min. ißain
savannah district. Tem. j Tem [ fall.
Albany .. I ...
Alapaha , .. ...
Americus 96 72 1 .12
Balntvrlrtge 94 74 | .00
Cordelo 100 68 2.05
Eastman ... 96 68 1.40
FortGatnes 96 12 .13
Gainesville, ITa
Milien 94 63 .01
Quitman 88 64 .00
Savannah 95 W .34
Thomasvtlle 94 72 .00
Waycross 2 73 .01
"~*T indicates trace of rain or snow
P. H. SMYTH, Observer Woathor Bureau.
Very Few Appointments to be Made
During the President's Absence.
Washington, July I.—Representative
Russell leaves Tuesday und until con
gress convenes there is little likelihood of
tnere being any more Georgians here to
look after patronage. Indeed President
Cleveland has said there will be very few,
if any appointments mado for a month.
He will remain at Buzzard’s Bay throe
weeks, returning about a week and half
before the session.
Secretary Smith left this morning for
Virginia Beach to be with his family un
til after the Fourth.
There are lots of people who mix their re
ligion with business, but forget to stir It up
weil. Asa result the business invariably
rises to tho top.—Texas SllUna’s.
A Few Words Against the Useless
Cheek Reins.
Editor of the Morning News:
Feeling assured that I can reach a large
number of people through your columns.
1 wish to make an appeal to their bettor
feelings in behalf of tiicir mute and de
fenseless horses. While most of horses
would scorn to inflict what might be
called overt acts of cruelty, it Is yet sur
prising to see how many will use and
permit the use of cheek reins on their
horses. A minute reflection ought to con
vince the most callous mind that n chock
rein deprives a horse of comfort, and that
of itself ought to be enough to discard
its use. But it is worse than a
mere discomfort; it is painful; it is often
the cqpelest sort of torture.
Think for a moment how tiresome it
must become to keep the head strapped
up so long in oue position, what a relief it
would be to the poor horse to move it
about, to stretch it out, to toss it up and
down, but the chock-rein prevents this.
And then the flies, how troublesome
they are these hot days, even to us with
our hands free to brush them off, and our
handkerchief and oor fans ifnd other pro
tections; but the poor horse has to endure
them without even the privilege of na
ture's defense—the free use of his head.
If there was any substantial advantage
derived from it there might be some ex
cuse, but there is no advantage, and an
excuse is not justification even if you find
an excuse. I'll tell you what, it is; it’s
pride, it's fashion; ns the negroes say,
“It's de style”. It is a selfish spirit; that
would impose additional hardships upon
defenseless animals in order to gratify a
frivilous pride. Because it is the custom
does not make it right. The sensibilities
may become so blunted by seeing it every
day as to disguise tho eruolty of it, but do
not let the harder feelings prevail, be
merciful to your horses.
Since it would not diminish the useful
ness of your horse, since it would not
cause any great sacrifice on your part,
and since it wouid conduce so much to the
comfort and relief of the animal that is
compelled to be your slave and earn your
dollars, then, in the name of mercy, take
the check-rein off. Be generous, be con
siderate. be merciful. Substitute tlu-se
virtues in place of selfishness and pride.
W. B. Wells.
Everybody Should Vote for “No
Editor of the Morning News: Next
Wednesday, Jfily 5, being the day fixed
for voting for “fence” or “no fence,” it
becomes necessary for every one in favor
of “no fence,” not only to voto for it, but
to do all thc'Y onn to get votes among
their acquaintances. Tho “fence” law
has always been iu existence, and tho re
sult of it to-day is that there are hun
dreds of acres of land in Chatham county
that are now a waste, that numbers of
poor, lean stock are now running about
without proper shelter or food, breaking
down fences to get something to eat, Ailing
up ditches in getting water to drink,and in
every way menacing the health und in
terest of the people, whereas, if wo had a
"no fence” law, which means to keep up
hogs and cattle, it would allow
all the waste ground to he
cultivated. Numbers of small-farms would
occupy the ground bet ween Savannah and
White Bluff. Isle of Hope, Montgomery
and Thunderbolt, as well as thesurround
ing country, and both white and colored
people could have some means of support
during tho summer months, when work is
scarce in the city. Besides tho electric
lines will run anywhere if there is much
of a settlement, and those who now keep
two or three cows (that feed on their
neighbors’ farms) could raise onough for
them at loss cost than keeping up a fence
around their farms, and then there would
bo plenty of pastures where they could
have their cows kept from 50 cents to (1
per month without having them milked,
shot or crippled, and where they could
get thorn when wanted without spending
hours in finding them. Real estate would
enhance iu value and outside of the city
would look Uniting and prosperous in
stead of being a wilderness as it now is.
“No Fence.”
Caution to Customers.
Nothlns of original or superior merit but
has Its Imitations nn<l counterfeits, even to
Imperiling tho health of communities. For
this reason the proprietors of Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters caution their patrons to
scrutinize evey bottle offered (and it Is sold
ONftv in bottles) and verify Us many marks
of genuineness.
A sufficient warning to those -meditating
and can be found intho unbrqken line ofjudi
elal decision, exposing and severely punishing
every one elected in counterfeiting the Bitters,
and the redoubled efforts that arc being
made to protect the public from tho de
ception of these unprincipled pirates.
Member the Bitters are sold in bottles only
never by the gallon or iu bulk.—od.
Bathing and Athletic Suits
Aud sweaters, at LaFar’s.—ad.
All About the Judges.
Editor iMorning News:—Will you
kindly inform me through your columns,
1: What is the difference between tho
United States eireuit court and the
United States district court in Georgia!
Ans. A circuit court has Jurisdic
tion over several states and is a higher
court, A district court lias jurisdiction
ln only a district which is one state, or
only a part of a state.
2. Who is the United States circuit
judge in Georgia?
Ans: Judge Pardee. He is also a
member of tho new court of appeals.
3rd: Is Judge Pardoe a circuit Judge?
If so, of what circuit!
Ans: This circuit is the Fifth and
contains Alabama, Forlda, Georgia,
Louslanna, Mississippi and Texas.
4. Is tho circuit court now in session
here in its regular or called session? Why
does Justice Jackson preside now and
why did Judge Pardee preside here be
fore! Ans.: Special session; the Cen
tral railroad case was specialy brought
before Justice Jackson. There are nine
eireuitsiin the United States and there
are nine judges in the United State su
prme court—one for each circuit (Mr.
Justice Jackson is a J usice of tqe United
States suprme court and this, the Fifth
is his circuit. He comes to the circuit
only when something of unusual import
ance calls him here. He outrunks
Judge Pardee.
twhon you ask. for l)r.
Pierce’s Golden Medical
Discovery. Go to a to
liablo dealer. He’ll sell
you what you want. The
ones who have some
thing else to urge upon
you in its place are
thinking of the extra
profit they’ll make.
These things pay them
better, but they don’t
care about you.
None of these cheap
substitutes are “just as
good ” as the “ Discov
ery," That is tne only blood-cleanser,
flesh - builder, and strength - restorer so
far-reaching and so unfailing in its effects
that it can b truaranteed. In tho most
stubborn Skin, Scalp, or Scrofulous Affec
tions, or in evcl-y disease that's caused by
a torpid liver or by impure blood —if it
over fails to benefit or euro, you have
your money back.
There wouldn’t bo any cases of chronic
Catarrh if all used Dr. Sage’s Remedy.
That's positive; Its proprietors will pay
SSUO reward for an incurable case.
This is a year anil the season of the year
especially when people need to he care
ful. There Is disease in the atr and there
Is more of It coming from abroad as hot
weather approaches. Malaria Is con
stantly prevalent, summer diseases are
imminent ami cholera is expected. To
keep tin- Mood pure and circulating, to
avoid malaria and preserve t lie health,
strength anti produce happiness, there is
nothing equal to Duffy's Pure Malt Whis
key. Insist upon your druggist or grocer
having It for you anil do not lie per
suaded to take any other. Send for illus
trated pamphlet to 111 PFV M ALT Wills.
KEY tit).. tlOt lII.STEK. N. V.
Testimony From the Mayor of Sequin,
Sequin. Texas. Jan 14th. 1893.—Messrs.
Llppman Bros.. Savannah, (la.: Gentlemen:
—1 have tried your P. P. P.. for a disease of
the skin usually known as skin cancer, of
thirty years standing, and found great relief;
It purifies the blood and removes all irrita
tion from the seat of the disease and prevents
any spreading of the sores.
I liavo taken five or six bottles and feel con
fident that another course will effect a cure.
It has also relieved me from iigfigestlon and
stomach troubles. Yours truly, (’apt. W. M.
Hust, Attorney at Law.—Ad.
Great Reduction
In boys’ straw hats, at LaFar’s, Brough
ton street.—ad. •
Summer Underwear
For men, at bottom prices, at LaFar's
Indigestion, and Stomach disorders, use
All dealers keep It. 31 per bottle. Genuine h
trade-mark aud crossed red lines on wrapper,
City Marshal s Office. I
Savannah. June 24. 1893. f
UNDER and by virtue of the following
resolution of Council I will sell on the
the Court House, in the city of .savannah,
Chatham county. Georgia, between the lawful
hours of sale, under the direction of the com
mlttee on city lots, the following described
property lu arrears for ground rent duo the
city of Savannah.
By the Committee on City Lota—
Resolved. That the City Marshal la hereby
Instructed to advertise for sale, under the
law governing murstial's sales, and to sell on
the First Tuesday in August. 1H93. all lots in
arrears for ground rent due tho city of Savan
nah, under the direction of tho committee on
city lots and at the following minimum prices;
Lot 56 Brown ward, Mrs. E- O. Wayne
and children $1,219 57
Lot 22 Calhoun ward, Mrs. I°. W, War
field 1,513 63
Lot east part of 43 Calhoun ward,
Gazaway Hurtridge 1,606 56
Lot west part of 43 Calhoun ward,
John B. withers 68180
Lot 1 aud 2 Charlton ward, estate of
Jus. Mclntlre 2,344 63
Lot 33 Charlton ward, Mrs. Francis
Mendel 803 68
Lot north one-half 35 Chariton ward
Waring Russell. Jr 415 91
Lot cast one-half of 1 Chatham ward,
Mrs. M. F. Bowden 365 71
Lot middle ono-lhird of 12 Chatham
ward. Mrs. M. F. Bowden. 243 07
Lot south one-third of 33 Chatham
ward, estate of Andrew Goebel. . . 340 49
Lot 25 norih one-half Columbia ward,
Mrs. Miffgarot Gammon 554 46
Lot 36 Columbia ward, Geo. H. Stone. 347 12
Lot 37 Columbia ward. Geo. H. Stone. 816 08
Lot west two-thirds of 29 Crawford
ward. Mrs. Cathune Werner aud
children 554 04
Lots 33 and 34 Crawfofld ward, estate
Patrick Prenty 1,505 87
Lot 29 Elbert wurd, John 13. Uarthei
mess 767 63
Lot 36 Elbert ward, estate of Ann and
Jane Barron 811 23
Lot 37 Elbert ward, M. S. Walsh,
Trustee 777 25
Lot 25 Franklin ward, estate of
Jas. Mclntlre 688 56
Lot east part of 10 New Franklin
ward. Mary Lee anil others 775 82
Lot cast ono-half of 14 New Franklin
ward. The Specialty Company 1,469 58
Lot 13 east one half Jackson ward, E.
K. Buckner 870 SR
Lot west part 34 Jackson ward, estate
of Gilbert Butler 317 ft
Lot 44 Lafayette ward, John Schwarz. 985 63
Lot 52 Lloyd ward, Milo Hatch, trus
teo 2,519 90
Lot 18 Monterey w ard, one-lialf, estate
of J. Me D. Holst 388 61
Lot 5 Pulaski ward, Isaac D. La-
Roche. Trustee ’ 752 31
Lot west one-halt 14 Troup ward, Mrs.
L A. Coelrshutt 451 00
Lot 40 Troup ward. John Schwarz 1,134 37
Lots 1 and 2 Springfield ward. Savan
nah! Brick Manufacturing Cos 1,237 25
Lots 26, 27 and 28 Springfield ward,
estate of Z. M. Winkler 066 20
Lot 33 Springfield ward. Savannah
Brick Manufacturing Company 301 02
Lots 55 and 56 Springfield ward,
Michael Walsh 1,681 38
Adopted In Council June 'll. 1803.
Terms cash; purchasers paying for titles.
, City Marshal.
City Marshal's Office, I
Savannah, July l, 1893. f
I WILL sell at auction nt the City Pound,
between ihe lawful hours of sale, on
TUESDAY, July the 6th. one (li male gout,
said goat having been Impounded three (3j
days and not claimed. Terms cash.
City Marshal.
Office City Marshal, I
Savannah, Ga.. June 30. 1893. f
On the fourth day of July, 1893. between the
lawful hours of sale, before the Court House
in the city of Savannah, will offer for sale
one mule. By order of tho Con mlttee on
Water Works. Terms cash. _
City Marshal.
Bar, Band and lloop Iron,
Navaf Store& Suppfies.
(Succonsor to H. li. Footman 8l Cos.)
le, nine m. sin \nmt
(Next West of tho Cotton Exchange ]
Telephone call No. 34. SAVANNAH, GA.
Will be closed all day io-morrow,
but you have all day to-day before
you to supply yourself if you want
anything in the way of apparel for
the Glorious Fourth--Wo have lots
of things that will add materially to
the pleasure and comfort of a day's
outing Outing Suits Negligee
Shirts-Bathing Suits—Comfortable
Headwear—All in great variety ai
very attractive prices.
Falk Ciothlna Cos.
ADVERTISEMENTS, 15 Words or more,
ln tbis column inawrted for ONE CENT A
WOUI), Cush In Advance, each Insertion.
Everybody who has any want to supply, any*
thin* to buy or Roll, any businoss or accom
modation s to secure; Indeed, any wieh to
gratify, should advertise ln this column.
/ lO to headquarters for tint? photographs,
" * crayons, ferrootypos. views and frames;
cheapest and best cabinets: two dollars per
dozen, with privilege of a crayon free.
J. X. Wilson, 21 Hull BtreOt, opposite the
Screven house.
‘noy—i *atent urn sold since
I bought the exclusive
agency. They keep in no matter how
hot or dump is the weather. E. F. Fogeas,
the largest dealer in switches and bangs
in Georgia.
HOW nbout those corns rind nails? I can
make yhur foot a pleasuro to you.
Charges moderate. L. Davis, chiropodist, H 2
Broughton street.
TUSTOPENED. Southern Pawnbroker and
♦J Loan Ofllco. Arthur Doutsch, proprietor,.
1M Bryan street, opposite Market. Liberal
loans made on diamonds, jewelry, watches,
clocks, clothing ntrtl any other personal prop
erty. All transactions strictly contldontial.
Open from 0 a. in. to t>: :i0 p. m.
1 1 ■■■ ■ ■■—■■■■ ■■■■
\\7ANTET> hvalthy wot mirne; good poKi
, tion to right party. Ilm Slate Btreot.
\\7 ANTED, n good book: those who cannot
. i cook need not apply at as Btato street.
H OUSEKEEPER and nurse, white lady,
that can spell and read, to attend a male
Invalid: 44 Jefferson Street, near York.
A GENTS wanted to represent us in every
-f\. town. Apply, with reference. Plymouth
Rock Pants Company, Savannah, Gb
ti*4) ft/AA—WANTED, partner with above
•T l —'V amount to extend good, profita
ble. safe business; will control hlsiuonoy;
working partner preferred. Address Profits,
this office.
TJIUBNISHED rooms t,o rorit, with bath on
T same floor. •44 Jefferson street, near
York. >
JF LEG ANT rooms and ball; modern Im
-i movements In Lyons'block. Store und
dwelling, corner and Whitaker, suit
able for any business. John Lyons.
mo RENT, Brick dwelling 134 Barnard
A street, near the park. Juudon, 148
St. Julian street.
ITIOU KENT, large, airy house, either as a
.1 whole nr in fiats. Call at 171 Jones, or
write to box Ilk.
lARGE store. 133 York street, suitable for
J any business or office. Jordan F. Brooks,
133 Bay.
IAOK RENT .store northeast corner Con
gress and Whittaker streets. I 1 hree sto
ries on dry airy cellar. J. C. Rowland.
LJOH RENT, desirable dwellings in best 10-1
1 callties. Apply to Champion 4. Germany,
No. 118 Bryan street
IJIOK RENT, the store now occupied by
I Messrs. Wylly & Clarke. St. Julian and.
Whitaker streets. Possession given at any
time. Apply P. A. Waring, postotfico.
BUGGIES, coupling wagons, road earls,
cheap to-day at Wilson's unction hoaso.
AUCTION at Younglovc & Goo<lmun-S
4 Tuesday July I In addition to our
regular sal s we will offer for sale ten head
of tine stock brought out from New York, and
has been running on an island for stock pur
LTOR SALE, Avery deslrahle new rosl
-1 deuce three rooms deep; every conveni
ence and in first-class condition in every par
ticular. C. 11. Dorsett.
bIURNITURE, cooking stoves and other
household goods at auction to-day at
eleven o'clock, rnunbor eighteen Druyton
F [TOR SALE. 5.000 bushels oats; this year's
crop, fresh and sweet. A. C. Ulmer.
ON Tytiee Island, lots 43 und 44 each. 80x204
feet, corner Seventh and Main streets,
fronting the strand and rallwuv. the improve
ments consisting of the two story large
dwelling house completely furnished and ln
perfect order. Also two story servant s quar
ters with kitchen; also fully furnished stable
and carriage house, artesian well furnishing
best water on tho island, a large platform
fronting the beach with bath rooms attached.
This property Is suitable for a club house or
a hotel and can he enlarged to any extent.
The grounds are uttactlve. the situation
the best. The above property can be pur
chased at a reasonable price and on easy
terms. For particulars apply to Hammond
J. Reud, Broker, Provident building.
lIEED oats, green cured in bales: better
than beHt huy; It is forage and grain
economy to feed splendid cow feed. J. F
Guitmartin 4 Co.'s stabler
TL3OR SALE, Avery desirable corner lot for
I residence or store on tho corner of
Drayton and Anderson streets. C. H. Dorsett.
I (lOK SALE, the eastern half of lot No. 30
Green wurd, situated on York street, be
tween Houston und Price strrots, and Im
provements thereon, consisting of ono 1-story
ltouse on York street undone 1 story house
on York street inno. 'This Is good renting
property and If a small amount is expended
iu Improvements it will yield a splendid in
come on the monev Invested. For terms ap
ply I. D. 4 R. D. Laßoche, 110 Bryan street.
IflOR SALE, tho two residences. Nos. 179and
1 18t Henry street, between Barnard and
Jefferson, these wtll be sold separately or to
gether upon very easy terms. CH. Dorsett
F)R SALE, the largest and best assorted
stock of white pine sash, doors, blinds,
moldings, etc., etc., in the south; also all
standard hrunds of pure white leads, colors,
dry and ln all mixed palms, varnishes, etc.;
mill supplies; builders' hurdwaro Is my spec
ialty; l'me. plaster and hair; direct Importa
tions of Rosendnle and Portland cement;
sewor, culvert and tiue pipe, all sizes, bends,
traps, Ts. etc.; call or write for my prices and
get estimates before buying. Andrew Han
IffOß SALE or rent. Remington standard
typewriters; ln good condition. Type
writer Headquarters, opposite postofllce.
C. H. DORSETT, Auctioneer,
Will jm'll iif 11 a. in.. t 14* ConsrreM*
Ono Millting- Cow, Maid to give at leant
elj;lt quftrtM pr clay.
1.1 k**jK of P*|*ti, 1 1 Iniokrtß of Fifth, 6
boxen* I)attft, 14 ‘ftfft rii’klm. IO rafte*
Syrup, t Oiik liodrooni 1 Lady** Trl
ryede. 1 Itahy <'arri:*<\ a J Sod room Sol*,
6 Dining Koom t lmlrft, 4 Lawn Lliairn. .'I
Hanging ( Imlrs, Tablet*, Bureau, Oiairn,
Kxtonftlon Tables Wash Stand*, Whatnot,
and Dinner Set.
A Maonificent Residence
I. D, & R. 0. LaROCHE, Auctioneers,
On TUESDAY, the 4th day of July. 1893, at
11 o’clock a. m., before tho Court liouuo
door, wo will ofTer
That magnificent residence on Whitaker
street, between Waldburjr and Xew Houston
streets, fronting east on the Pork extension.
This beaut Ifni house has never boen occupied
and Is therefore perfectly new, with overy
modern convenience. It is perfect in overy
particular Parries wishing to examine same
may go through the premises to day and
Monday, and may see for themselves.
Terms at sale. For particulars apply at
office of tho auctioneers, lid Bryan street.
L. 0 SI.
MUS. s. < \ PARK KB, who came down on
the Nancy Banks Friday and went down
to Tyboe, lost somewhere on the trip a pocket
book containing H* and a trunk chock num
bored 2 7J*<. Howard of iU) will be. paid for Its
return to J. r. Halle, general passenger
agent Central railroad.
TOST, yesterday afternoon, either on
J Aborcorn, Gastcn, Drayton, Henry or
Bull street, a ladies lightweight garnet
shawl. A liberal reward If returned to 72
Taylor street.
STRAYED or stolen, n skye terrier puppy.
A reward for the return of same to Henry
Hirsch, Drayton and Macon streets.
IJRIVATE family will furnish excellent
I table board to a few select parties.
“Northerner,” Nows office.
HOARDING. Cool, fioutliern rooms, and
good table board. 47 West road street,
foot of South Hroad.
1 Y r ANTED, bgnrdurs by the week or month,
▼ ▼ In private family, at I rvon. North < 'aro*
lino; first clows bourd. Address Mrs. Mcßae.
*4fpHE HILLSIDE,” beautifully lo
I ot Hague, N. Y., on tho west shore of
Bake George, is now opou for guests. Ad
dress John McClanathan, Hague, N : Y
fTMIK Arnold Automatic Steam Cooker Is the
I best In the land. No good housekeeper
should be without one. It you want to seo
one and have its merits explained to you,
drop a postal to the agent. It. Hunt, 18 Dray
ton street.
(1C) to Wilson s auction to-day at 11 o'clock
Jf for bargains, No. p Drayton street.
KIMBALL’S anti rheumatic rings for walo
by J. Gardner, sole agent for Savannah.
BEFORE you buy or sell property consult
Robert 11. Talom, Real Estate Dealer,
No. 0 Bull street.
“Ti \ will buy a parrot und cago from
♦P */'' Gardner, lin Broughton.
ANOTHER lot of those 75 cent hammocks
received at Gardners, 118 Broughton
street. _ t
TALOWERS and fancy ferns: rloral designs
Je for all occasions at short notice at
Strong’s pharmacy. George Wagner, Thun
derbolt road. Telephone 498.
Thi> safest of nil dividend paying invest
ments 13 Hcul Estuto.
SsNo. 33 Randolph street rents for 8132.00 pot
annum, can be bought for $1,(100 cash.
House on southwest corner W old burg and
Montgomery streets, routs for (240 per annum,
cun t>e bought for (3,000.
Two houses on corner lot. Duffy street, rent,
iug for Dfiti per annum, at (4,000.
Eight houses on New Houston sttreet,. be
tween Burroughs and Cuyler streets, renting
for .H3II per annum. Gun bo bought for
(7.w)u. Easy terms.
Four houses on Maple and Oak streets rent,
mg for (384 per annum. A snap for (3,0001
Easy terms,
Real Estate Dealer and Auctioneer,
107 Bay Street. 'Phoge 567.
ham.- Notice Is hereby given to all per
sons having demands against JANE BRYAN,
late of suid county, deceased, to present
them, properly made out, within Ihe tlmo
presort l ed by luw.so as to show their character
and amount: and all persons indebted to said
deceased are hereby required to make Imme
diate payment, to me. at Dillon. Dade county,
Georgia, or to my attorney, Edward S. Elliott,
118 Bryan street. Savannah. Ga.
Administratrix Cum Testamento Aunexo of
the said Jane Bryan.
(lEORGIA, CHATHAM Cos 14NTT.—Notice is
X hereby given to all persons having de
mands agalns* WILLIAM M. ROGERS,
late of said county, deceased, to present them
to me, properly made out. within
the time prescribed by law, so as to show
their character and amount: and all persons
indebted to suid deceased are hereby required
to make Immediate payment to me.
Savannah, June 24. 18(.
Executor of the last will and testament of
William M. Rogers. Deceased.
Address care of Wm. Pease, Attorney at
V * HERNANDEZ has applied for exemp
tion of personally and I will pass upon tho
same at 4 o’clock p. m. on the THIRD DAY
OF JULY. ISbJ. at my office, at court houso.
This June 5, 18y;>.
Ordinary C. Ga.
( \ EOROIA Chatham County. —E. R.
I HERNANDEZ has applied for exemp
tion of personalty and I wttl pass upon tho
same at t o'clock p. m. on the THIRD DAY
OF JULY. 1893. at my office, at court houso.
This June 5, 1893.
Ordinary C. 0.. Ga.
Contractors and Builders, 7V Whttakerst.,
GIVE estimate* on work of all kinds, and
execute jobs with perfect satisfaction.

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