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the MORNING NEWS, 1
. ESTABLISHED 180. INCORPORATED 18SB ■ , J. H. EiTILL, i'resiiiuat. f gen. BUTLER’S BOLD BREAK Threat of a “Wide-Open Split” in the Party in South Carolina. The General Places Himself Entirely Independent of To-Day’s Primary. His Letter Causes a Decided Sensa tion in Columbia and Throughout the State—The Candidates and Pros pects in the Congressional Districts. Republicans Have a Chance in Two of the Seven. Columbia, S. C., Aug. 27.—Senator But ler telegraphed Secretary D. H. Thomp kius of the state democratic executive committee this morning: •■I hereby withdraw my letter, filed with you June 16, announcing my candi cacy for the United States Senate.’’ In the letter to which he referred he announced himself as a candidate for the Cnited States Senate, and asked for a separate box in which the people might declare their choice for United states senator. He pledged himself to abide by the result of the primary to be held to morrow. The meaning of the teleeratn has been the topic of conversation on all the street corners this afternoon. While no one can say definitely what it means, it is generally supposed to mean that Gen. Butler will not abide the result of the primaries, but will have all the can didates for the legislature favorable to him, who are defeated in the primaries to-morrow, to make the race again in the general election in November. This may mean a complete disruption of the Democratic party in South Caro lina. A cony of the telegram was shown to Mr. John G. Capers, who has been managing Senator Butler’s campaign in South Carolina, and who was supposed to know just what it meant. He said the telegram must speak for itself. Certain it is, however, that it places Senator But ler entirely independent of the action of the primary on Aug. 28. You will know a great deal more before ten days elapse, ami you can rest assured Gen. Butler is still a most active factor in state and na tional politics in South Carolina. A SENSATION CREATED. (By the Associated Press.) Columbia, S. C., Aug. 27.—A sensation was created in the state to-day by the announcement that Senator Butler would not abide by the result of the primary election, which takes place to-morrow. At this election members of the legisla ture will be nominated who will elect a successor to Senator Butler. In with drawing from the primary, Senator But ler leaves himself and friends to make a contest in the general election, which takes place in November. It is a rule in the Democratic party in South Carolina that each candidate must pledge himself to support the nomi nees of the party, otherwise he cannot be voted for. Gen. Butler made such a pledge, but withdrew it to-day in a letter to the secretary of the democratic execu tive committee He gave no reasons for withdrawing the pledge. It is under stood that legislative candidates will be nominated in November, who will sup port Butler. It is further said that Gen. Butler, if defeated by Gov. Tillman, will make a contest before the United States Senate, contending that the registration laws of the state are illegal, and that if a full vote could have been polled, Butler legislators would have been elected. Senator Butler, in a telegram to the Co lumbia Register, says: “I bog to say in withdrawing the paper filed by me with Tompkins, secretary democratic exec utive committee, announcing my candi dacy, lain following the footsteps of dis tinguished reformers who are unwilling to submit their claims to a primary where everything from coroner up has been cut, dried, packed and salted down by the ring; when cne result is slated and known by the ring before a vote lias been put in the ballot box.” Several counties have already taken action and nominated candidates opposed to Tillman, and there is likely to be a bit ter political fight in the state in conse quence of Senator Butler’s action. PRIMARIES WILL DECIDE. Charleston, S. C., Aug. 27.—The demo cratic primary election, which wiil be held in this state to-morrow, will proba bly definitely decide the election which takes place in November. The election of John Gary Evans as povernor is not contested. At the prim 4r.', members of the legislature will be weetej who will choose the successor of M C. Butler to the United States Senate. Jhere is scarcely the shadow of a doubt that Gov. Tillman will sweep the state, although Gen. Butler will make a fight ln quite a number of counties, and still hopes to get the legislature. Ihe comulexion of the next congres aional delegation will also be de cided at the primaries to-morrow. n the First district the candidates JC’’ '*• G. J. Sullivan and William Elliott, doth conservative democrats. The popu usts have no candidate in this race. The “Pht in the general electiou ln November he against either G. W. Murray, the present colored republican candidate, or Kobert Smalls. _ u the Second district Congressman autert has no opposition, and tho indica tors are that the republicans will not w orr,v him. , n tho Third district Congressman A. • Latimer will be without opposition, •li .. at the Primary and in the general ection. There was some talk of -t otigressman Johnstone running, but ones not appear that anything is com out of it. , ? Fourth district there promises ‘°“ e a hvely Col - D - R I)uncan , stan yarne Wilson ure racing against toii" 0 l , , as reformers, and Joe Johns 's holding up the conservatives’ end he iin e £>,. Clayton, it is understood, bvii l * le again st the successful pin the Fifth district Senator D. E. t- dnd Congressman Strait promise of o , an interesting light. C. J. l’ride c„,, -A 11 " is announced as the republi ka' 11 iti the district. Uur 6 district Congressman Mc tohnu’-tlle Present incumbent, has no in i l,or ? before the primaries. L. , 0 Seventh there will be a fight t i ? n . J - William Stokes, populist, and S-sst i an ' democrat. At the prima out °" es will get the nomination vvith wch lr ouble, but Coughinau will op at lt| e general election. On the tiff. ‘ ,( ' an *lde Tom Johnson and E. M. •>Uon° n "j ll make the fight for the nomi the' a J I “ tl) e nominee will run against brst named. char!L. r<;publicans have good fighting P| r .,. * n two districts this year—tho on* ,: a ' ul Seventh. The vote of the varl ri';*, r , ! l ' SSlolla ' districts at tho prirna were as follows: First dis- §ohje JKofttittji trict, 12,000; in the Second district the total vote was 11,732; in the Third dis- i trict, 13.921; in the Fourth district, 17. RM; i m the Fifth district, 11,839; in the Sixth i district, 13,484; in the Seventh district, I 0,N04. Interest in the primaries to-morrow very largely centers in the election of tho legislative tickets in the various counties. A WIDE OPEN SPLIT. \\ ashington, Aug. 27.—A special from Columbia, S. C., says: ‘‘United States Senator Butler, a candidate for re-elec tion. withdrew from the state democratic executive committee his pledge to abide by the result of the democratic primaries. T his means that Butler tickets for the legislature will run against-the Tillman candidate in the general elections, and in volves a wide open split of the Demo cratic party in the state.” ON THE TENTED FIELD. Pythians in Serried Ranks Close in on the Nation’s Capital. Washington, Aug. 27. —Expectation with regard to the great biennial encampment of the Knights of Pythias are beginning to be realized, and everything indicates not only a magnificent gathering of tho uniform rank, but of visitors—many thousands in excess of the number pre dicted. So great is the influx of people that the reception committees have been embarrassed in securing quar ters for all of them. The Knights are coming in numbers so greatly in excess of the estimated strength that 300 additional tents have been erected at Camp George Washing ton on tho Washington monument grounds, making 2,000 in all, and arejoccu pied. The representation of Knights so far includes contingents from Tennessee, Ohio, New Jersey, Missouri, West Vir ginia, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Arkansas, Texas, Kentucky, Wis consin, Illinois, New Hampshire, Massa chusetts, Kansas and Connecticut. To-night was to witness the formal opening of the encampment by a reception at Convention Hall, at which Vice Presi dent Stevenson was to be the central fig ure, but the death of Congressman Shaw of Wisconsin, a past supreme chancellor of the order, at his home in Eu Claire this morning, caused a change in the pro gramme. A meeting of the supreme lodge was held to take action on Mr. Shaw's death, and it was decided that the reception should not take place, a mark of esteem to his memory. A general order to this effect was issued, but later the supreme lodge amended its decision by agreeing that the reception might be held but without the sanction of the supreme officers. The reception was therefore held, and a very brilliant affair it proved to be. Addresses of welcome were made by Vice President Stevenson and President Ross of the board of district commissioners. Mr. Stevenson’s speech was the event of the evening, although it was very brief. He spoke as follows: “The pleasing duty has been assigned me of extending to the representatives of the order of Knights of Pythias a wel come to the nation’s capital. “I may be pardoned for detaining you for a moment before this formal welcome is extended. Your committee did well in selecting the city of Washington as the place for this great convocation. In this selection you have honored yourselves, as well as the great city in which you are assembled. ■ This is no ordinary gathering. It is literally the coming together of honored representatives of a great brotherhood from every state and section of the American union. It is, indeed, an honor to any city to claim as its guests the knightliest represenatives of an order whose membership falls little short of 500,000: whose living faith, the beautiful legend of Damon and Pythias—whose shibboleth, ‘friendship, benevolence and charity;’ ‘and the greatest of these is charity.’ “As it is not my good fortune to be a member of this great fraternity, I cannot know to whom future ages will do honor as its founder; but that he ‘builded wiser than he knew’ is evidenced by the fact that what our eyes now behold is the growth of less than a third of a century. I trust I divulge no secrets which would bring upon my poor head the death pen alty when I say that I have heard that at each regular assemblage of the Knights of Pythias the official inquiry is made, ‘Does any one know of a sick brother, or of a brother’s family, in distress?’ “if this be true, then even the wayfar ing man may know whence came the in spiration that formulated the ritual and founded the order. I cannot but believe that in illustrating in deeds the sublime tenets of your order, your inspiration is that new commandment‘that you love one another.’ “Is it too much to say that truly this is religion in action?’ “I repeat, you did well to select for your bi ennial convocation the nation’s capital, the city that bears the honored name of the father of his country. “Coming from and representing every state, it is meet that your assembling be at the political center of the great nation. It boots not that your abiding place be in the southland, near the great drain of lakes, or -where rolls the Oregon,’ you owe allegiance to but one flag—you are citizens of a common country. In your beautiful ritual there is no place for aught that savors of sectionalism or of strife. Whatever troublous times years may bring to the state, who can iloubt that the knightly men of this great brotherhood will stand as adamant for the preservation and perpetuation of all that is best in our civili ation—of all it has cost centuries of tireless endeavor to achieve Representing every iiortion of the republic, every vocation and calling in life, it is yours to bind by yet stronger i-ords every section aud state, in one in dividual, indestructible union. “And now it but remains to welcome you, Knights of Pythias, to Washington. I cordially bid you welcome to the most beautiful city in the world. Here is the symbol of the authority, the grandeur, the power of the greatest government known to men. You will And it, indeed, •no mean city-’ You aro not strangers, but fellow citizens.’ It is your capital, and you aro welcome to your father’s house. . . “Your arrival is timely. The congress has adjourned aud the right of way is yours The public buildings are open to you. Upon every lintel is the grateful ‘Welcome. - Upon your long lino of march, a thousand times your hearts will bo made glad b.v the cheering words floating on streamers from mansion to mart. ‘Welcome, thrice welcome, Knights of Pythias.” Cholera Spreading. Bucharest, Aug. 27.—Cholera is rapidly spreading in Bessarabia. The sanitary council demands that the whole line along the Pruth be cordoned by the mili tary. SAVANNAH, GA., TUESDAY. AUGUST ‘iS, 1894. LETTER BY THE PRESIDENT An Expression of His Views on the Gorman Tariff Bill. He Is “More Settled Than Ever in the Determination to Allow It to Be come a Law Without My Signature.” He Expected a Bill Which He Could Promptly and Enthusiastically -In dorse. Washington, Aug. 27.—President Cleve land has written the following letter to Representative Catchings of Mississippi, in which he sets forth his views of the new tariff law and gives his reasons for not approving the bill: Executive Mansion, Washington. D. C., Aug. 27, lsyi. Hon. T. C. i atchtngs: My Dear Mr—Since the conversation 1 had with you and Mr. Clarke of Alabama, a tew days ago. in regard to my action on the tariff hill now before me, 1 have given the subject fur ther and most serious consideration. The res .It is, 1 am more settled than ever In the determination to allow the bill to become a law without my signature. • When the formation of legislation which it was hoped would emcody democratic ideas of tariff reform was lately entered upon by the congress, nothing was further from my antic ipation than a result which 1 could not promptly and enthusiastically Indorse. It is, therefore, with a feeling of the utmost disappointment that 1 suhmit to a denial of this privilege. I do not claim iO be better than the masses of my party nor do I wish to avoid any responsibility which, on account of the passage of this law, 1 ought to bear as a member of the democratic organization. Neither will 1 permit my self to be separated from my party to such an extend as might be implied by my veto of tariff legislation, which, though dis appointing. is still chargeable to democratic effort. Hut there are provisions in this bill which are not in line with honest tariff reform, and it contains inconsistencies and crudities which ought not to aDpear in tariff laws, or laws of any kind. Besides, there were, as you and I well know, incidents accompanying tile passage of the bill through congress which made every sincere tariff reformer unhappy, while tnilnences surrounded it in its latter stages, and interfered with its final con struction. which ought not to be recognized or tolerated ln democratic tariff reform counsels. And yet, notwithstanding all its vicissi tudes and all the bad treatment it received at the hands of pretended friends, it presents a vast improvement to existing conditions. It will certainly lighten many a tariff burden that now rests heavily upon the people. It is not only a barrier against the return of mad protection, but it furnishes a vantage ground from which must be waged further aggressive operations against protected mo nopoly and governmental favoritism. I take my place with the rank and file of the Democratic party who believe in tariff re form. and who know what it is. who refuse to accept the results embodied ln this bill as the close of the war. who are not blinded to the fact that the livery of democratic reform has been stolen aud worn in the service of repub lican protection, and who have marked the places where the deadly blight of treason has blasted the counsels of the brave in their hour of might. The trusts and combinations—the com munion of pelt-whoso liiaeninations have prevented us trom reaching the success we deserved, should not be forgotten or forgiven. We shall recover from our astonishment at their exhibition of power, and if then the question is forced upon us whether they shall submit to the free legislative will of the peo ple's representatives, or shall dictate the laws which the people must obey, we will accept and settle that issue as one involving the integrity and safety of American institu tions. I love the principles of true democracy be cause they are founded in patriotism, and upon justice and fairness towaru all in terests. lam proud of my party organiza tion because it is conservatively sturdy and persistent in the enforcement of its princi ples, 'therefore. I do not despair ot tho efforts made by the House of Keprepenta tives to supplement the bill already passed by further legislation, and to have engrafted upon it such modifications as will more nearly meet democratic hopes and aspira tions. • I cannot he mistaken as to tho necessity of free raw materials as the foundation of logi cal and sensible tariff reform. Tho extent to which this is recognized in the legislation already secured is one of its encouraging and redeeming features; hut it is vexatious to re call that while free coal and iron ore have been denied us. a recent letter of the Sec retary of the Treasury discloses the fact that both m ight have been made free by the annual surrender of only about $700,u00 of unneces sary revenue. "I am sure that there is a common habit of underestimating the importance of free raw materials in tariff legislation, and of regard ing them as only related to concessions to be made to our manufacturers. The truth is, their influence is so far reaching, that if dis regarded a complete and henelicent, scheme of tariff reform cannot be successfully inaugu rated. "When we give to our manufacturers free raw materials we unshackle American en terprises and ingenunity. and these will open the doors of foreign markets to tho reception of our wares and give opportunity for the con tinuous and remunerative employment of American labor. With materials cheapened by their freedom from tariff charges tho cost of their product must be correspondingly cheapened. There upon justice and fairness to the consumer would demand that tho manufacturers be ob liged to submit to such a readjustment and modification of the tariff upon their iinished goods as would secure to the people Ihe bene fit of the reduced cost of their manufacture and shield the consumer against the exaction of inordinate proiit. It will thus he seen that free raw materials and a just and fearless regulation and reduction of the tariff to meet the changed conditions would carry to every humble home in the land the blessings of in creased comfort and cheaper living. The millions of our countrymen who have fought bravely and well for tariff reform, should be exhorted'to continue the struggle, boldly challenging to open warfare and con stantly guarding against treachery and half heartedness in their camp Tariff reform will not lie settled until it is honestly and fairly settled in the interest und to the benefit of a patient and long suffering people. Yours very truly, Grover Cleveland. THE NEW TARIFF. Important Instructions Wired to Col lectors by Secretary Carlisle. Washington, Aug. 27.—-The tariff bill, which has been in the custody of the treasury department siuee shortly at .or It was sent to the President, was returned to the white house this morn ing. It is stated authoritatively that a veto is out of the question. The bill will become law at 12 o’clock to-night. Secretary Carlisle this morning decided that goods now in bond will be entitled to the privileges of the free list of the new tariff act. '1 lie following telegram was sent this morning in order to afford facilities for the immediate bonding and withdrawal of goods just arrived: Collector of Customs, New York—Vessels with cargo not discharged nor entered for consumption may be made vessel warehouses temporarily for such goods as shall he entered to-uay in bond. Jem Q. CARLISLE. The same telegram was sent to the collec tors of customs at Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Portland, Me., Sun Francisco, Portland, Newtiort News Norfork. New Orleans and Chicago. Secretary Carlisle also telegraphed collectors of customs at San Francisco, New York, Port Town send, Boston, Philadelphia, New Orleans, Chicago and Baltimore as follows: Y'ou are Instructed as follows concerning collection laws under recent revenue legisla- | lion bye ingress: First. All articles hereto fore subject to duty hut made free by pro- visions of the new act maybe withdrawn from warehouses on and after Aux. 28.18t>, I without payment of duty second. All man •. ufactured articles specifically or generally I provided for in schedule k.” which are coraposea wholly of materials other than wool ] or worsted or of which someone material other than wool or worsted is ;he component part of chief value, will bo admitted on and after Aug. 28, 1894. at the rates of duty pre scribed ln the new act. All other manufac tured articles specifically or generally pro vided for in said schedule will continue until Jan. 31. 1805. to pay the rotes of duty imposed thereon by the act entitled, an act to reduce the revenue, e lualize duties on imports, and for other purposes.” approved Oct I, 1890. Thin). Coffee and tea. hides and skins, raw or uncured, whether dry, uns ilted or pickled, will be admitted free of duty on and after Aug. 28. 18M, and Treasury Circular (8. ISIOI dated March 24. 1892, issued in aceordan o with the proclamations of the President of the I'nlteJ States, dated March 15. 1892. und directing the collection of duties tipon certain articles being products of or exported from Venezuela. Columbia and Hayti, is hereby revoked. J. G. Carlisle. Secretary. Tho following telegram was sent to the collectors of internal revenue at 4 o’clock this afternoon. Washington, Aug. 27. 1894 —After to-dav collect tax on all spirits at sl.lO per gallon and a proportionate rato on all fractious of one-tenth or more. Notify stamp deputies. Josßrn S. Mild,ill. Commissioner. Secretary Carlisle to-da.v offered S2OO reward for the supposed Illicit distillers in Stokes county, North Carolina, who shot W. C. Lewis, a United States raider, on Aug. 8, while endeavoring to capture moonshiners. RAILROAD RECORD LOWERED. The Atlantic Ooast Lina and Plant’s Pythian Train. Washington, Aug. 27.—The Atlantic Coast Line and Plant System Knights of Pythias special train, which left Jackson ville, Fla., yesterday afternoon at 4:20 o’clock, (eastern time) arrived here this morning at 8:00 o’clock, having made tho run in fifteen hours and forty-nino min utes. This lowers all previous records 2hours and 49 minutes. After deducting stops, the remarkable record is shown of 780 miles in 880 minutes, an average speed for the entire distance of fifty-five and one-half miles per hour. The fastest run was rnxde on the Northeastern road from Ashley Junction to Florence, ninety-six miles in 99>£ minutes, including two stops for water and drawbridge. Notwithstanding the high rate of speed, tho track and road bod were in such ex cellent condition that the passengers on the train did not realize that they were making other than the average schedule time. THE ATLANTA EXPOSITION. Secretary Hoke Smith Appoints a Rep resentative for His Department. Washington. Aug. 27.—Secretary Hoke Smith has detailed Prof. Frank W. Clarke, a chemist in the geological survey, to represent the interior de partment as a member of the board of management of the government exhibit at the Cotton States and International Exposition to be held at Atlanta, Ga., next year. Headquarters for the reception and reg istration of ail parties interested in the coming southern convention have to be opened at parlor ten of Willards hotel. THE COMMISSIONER’S CASE. The Authority of Secretaries to Re move Such Officers Established. Washington, Aug. 27.—Judge Colo of the District supreme court to-day denied the petition of Ly Hon P. Dryden, formerly shipping commissioner of the port of Bal timore, for a mandamus on Secretary Carlisle to compel his retention in office, the secretary having removed him with out cause. Dr.ydeu's counsel noted an ap peal. The decision of Judge Cole, unless reversed, will establish the authority of secretaries of the treasury to remove shipping commissioners at will. Nominated and Confirmed. Washington, Aug. 27.—The President to-day sent to the Senate the nomination of Noah L. Jeffreys of the District of Co lumbia to be commissioner on the part of the United States to arbitrate the claim of the Venezuela Steam Transportation Company against the government of Venezuela. The Senate later confirmed the nomination. Acts Approved. Washington, Aug. 27.—The President has approved tho following acts: To amend an act creating anew division of the Northern Judicial district of Georgia, making provision for the accommodation of United States circuit and district courts at Meridian, Miss. THE KENTUCKY CONTEST. Thrusts and Counter-thrusts Made and Much Excitement. Louisville, Ky., Aug. 27.—Miss Mary Desha of Washington, sister of Col. YV. C. P. Breckinridge's second wife, to-day issued a vigorous appeal, urging tho de feat of Col. Breckinridge. The letter caused much excitement here today. It is the talk of the town, recall ing to mind, as it does, the nyini ory of the woman who founded the Kentucky Woman's Veteran Association. Col. Breckinridge spoke at Ather, this county, to-day. His address was devoted principally to evening up scores with Ex-Controller of the Treasury Milton T. Durham, Judge Jere Morton and Judge Kinkaid, who have recently been making such hot speeches against him. The colo nel thought there was something wrong politically or personally with each of his assailants. Tho crowd went wild with enthusiasm. MILLS RESUME WORK They Have Been Idle Since July and Reduce Wages. Dover, N. H.. Aug. 27.—The Cochcco mills, after a shut down since July 31, started up this morning. A week ago it was announced there would boa 10 per cent, cut down. All but the mule spinners returned to work, they refusing to accept tho cut. It is shown, however, that the cut averages but 6 per cent, throughout the works. There is but little filling on hand, and the mills, it is thought, cannot run long. A thousand hands are em ployed. MANT WEAYEHS THROWN OUT. The situation in the mills this after noon was unchanged. One-half the looms in No. 1 millßvere running, hut in all the other mills they were slopped. At 4 o’clock Gen. Holland decided that with to-night all the looms in No. a. No. 5, north section, and No 2 extension should be stopped until further notice. This order stops over 1,400 looms, which throws 2fsi weavers out of employment. The rest of the works will be kept run ning ns long us possiblo uud will then bo closed unless there is a change in tho presont situation. PULLMAN’S PRETTY PILE. His Company Struggles Along on a Capital of $36,000,000. The Millionaire Car Builder Takes the Stand Before the Strike Commission at Chicago His Efforts to Provide Work for the Hands as Stated by Himself—He Says He Contracted for Cars at a Loss to the Company. Chicago, Aug. 27.—Edward F. Bryant, cashier and manager of tho Pullman Loan and Savings banks, was'the first witness to testify before tho national commission this morning. It was the business of his bank to transact an ordinary business as well as to collect rents. Bryant said the accumulations of three to four years were drawn out during the strike. On May 1, 1883, the bank had bills to the amount of $3,891 to collect from employes. One year later this amount reached $28,- 248, showing forcibly the difference made by the cut in wages. Aug. I this amount reached $58,773. Those bills did not represent all owing to the company. It represented only those placed in the hands of the bank for collection. George M. Pullman took the stand im mediately on the reassembling of the commission this afternoon. He stated the Pullman Palace Car Company was organized July 31, 1867, with a capital of $1,000,000. The town of Pullman was es tablished in 1880. Commissioner Wright conducted the examination of Mr. Pullman He asked the president of the Palace Car Company to tell iu his own way the objects of the company and why the town was built. “The plan was.” said Mr. Pullman, read ing from type-written manuscript. “To establish a community for working men which would enable them to live in harmonious relations with the company. The relations of the Pullman company are, however, simply those of a landlord in regard to its employes, which it treats as ten ants. The basis of 0 per cent, per annum, which, at that time, was a fair profit on the investment. The cost of estab lishing the streets and Improve ments was, of course, considered in making this calculation. This does not include the cost of the manufacturing plant.” The Pullman Company, Mr. Pullman, stated, did not sell property within the limits of the town of Pullman because the company did not wish objectionable char acters to establish themselves in the town. There were, in consequence, no saloons or houses of ill repute in Pullman, as there might otherwise have been. Mr. Pullman then proceeded to explain the Pullman lease. There is a clause in the lease which pro vides that either party may terminate it by giving ten days’ notice. This was for the protection of the Pullman compauy, so that it might exclude all objectiona ble characters. "What is the capital of the Pullman company?” asked Chairman Wright. “$86,000,000.” It has been stated in the public press that the Pullman company has a surplus of $16^)00,000.” “It is more than that,” said Mr. Pull man. “This represents individual profits and is for the most part invested in as sets.” “Are the dividends you pay based on a capital of $36,000,000?” “They are. The dividends are 2 per cent, quarterly. The company has paid dividends since its beginning. For three years it paid 3 per cent, quarterly, and for a while 9>(,' per cent, annually. Lat terly it has paid S per cent, annually.” “Has it been the practice of the com pany to reduce wages from time to time, and if so, will you tell us of such reduc tions?” asked Mr. Wright. “1 am not familiar with the daily work ings of the town of Pullman. I will have to refer the commission to the second vice president for those details. I will say, however, that for entire months wo did not have an order for a car. I realized that unless something was done thcro would be suffering at Pullman, and after a consultation with Vice President Wickos I determined to make bids under the actual cost of construction. We did this, and I remem ber the first order was for fifty five cars. I put in a bid for these cars at from S3OO to S4OO below the cost per car, making up my mind to make this contribution rather than see my men idle. I believe many other carbuildors in tho country felt the same way. As evidence of this, the next lowest bid to mine was only $24 higher than mine. On another occasion I bid for a lot of 250 cars at a loss of $lB on each car, preferring to do this rather than see the freight shops closed. I underbid the next competitor only $1 a car. It cost us about $50,000 to keep the men in work as long as we did. I explained all this to Mr. Heathcote, the leader of the strikers, who said to me: “We want the wages of ’98.” I informed him it would be impossible. I told him it would be a most unfortunate thing if tho wages of ’93 was restored; that there was only six or eight weeks’ work here as it was, and there was none In sight at the rate on which the wages of ’93 were based. Mr. Pullman then said he told Heath cote that as long as he remained iu the employ of the company, ho could have ac cess to tho highest officials and could even see the books if ho pleased. “Were the books, as a matter of fact, shown to the strike committee ?” inquired the chairman. “They w re not, because tho mi n made no effort to see them.” “Are you at the town of Pullman much?” “Not a great deal. I don't have time.” “What attempts, if any. did you make for a satisfactory adjustment of the troubles at Pullman?” “An answer to that will come better from Vico President Wickes.” “It has been stated publicly very freely that you were approached b.v the strikers, who looked for a settlement of tiie trouble, and that you said you had nothing to arbitrate. ”1 did not use exactly those words. 1 may have told then* something of the sort.” Judge Worthington then took the wit ness in hand. Ho asked if the Pullman Land Association was a separate'eorpora tion from the Pullman Car Company. Mr. Pullmau replied that it was entirely so. The latter company owned Mxi acres, on which the town was ouilt and the improvements thereon. The stock holders of the two companies were about the same: there was, how ever, no community of interest. The witness said he had used his influence to keep tho land immediately surrounding Pullmau from being sold, because he was afraid “Baneful influences might he es tablished on the border, after being shut out of the town itself.” “The proiit fell off nearly $500,000 In the mouth of August alone last year, as compared with the sume mouth ln 1892. As to the reduction of wages I shall have to refer you to the people who had that matter in charge. Ido not remember of any efforts at arbitration maae by the Pullman Company. 1 expressed myself as decidedly opposed to arbitration. "What did you sec that was so ob jectionable in submitting to a third party I the question whether you should raise I tho wages of your employes or not?” ••I refer to my written statement which declares, in my opinion, that I am able to manage my own business. I still think that, after twenty-seven years of experi ence, 1 am better able to tell the position of tho Pullman company than any third party.” “Ho you not think It would have been just to have divided with those employes a little while so as to give them, at least, a fair living wages?” “I do not. It would have amounted to a gift of money to these men. It was simply a matter of business. The com pany and tho men had to make a mutual sacrifice. The men were required to work harder while the company lost money on contracts. Mr. Pullman denied any collusion with the rnilroads in regard to resisting the strikers. , THE SECOND WEEK. The Textile Operatives’ Strike Under groea No Change. New Bedford, Mass., Aug. 27.—The second week of the groat strike of textile operatives opened to-day. with no change to be observod In tho situation. It is gen erally agreed that no settlement will be reached this week. The Howland corporation resumed op erations this morning as if nothing had occurred to interrupt them, and there was no demonstration by either operators or strikers. A crowd of 3,000 idle em ployes gathered in tho vicinity of the Bristol, Bennett and Columbian mills at 6 o’clock this morning in anticipation that these mills would resume, to watch for any of their members who might de sert them and return to their work at the reduction. The mills made no effort to start up and it is not likely they will do so this week, at least. The weavers held a mass meeting this morning in an open lot near the Bristol mill. One of the speakers claimed that the advance of three-tenths of a cent per yard in the price of cloth had made it possible to give the weavers an advance in wages instead of making a reduction necessary, as is claimed by the mill men. MUST CRt.'EL AND UNJUST. Now Bedford, Aug. 27.—The Now Bed ford Cotton Weavers’ Protective Associa tion has issuod an appeal to the people of the New England Slates, in which they ask for support In their fight against tho corporations. Inspeakiugof tho strike, the weavers say ; “It has been forced upon us by tho most cruel and unjust action of our em ployers. “One year ago our wages were reduced 10 to 20 per cent. This we quietly ac cepted. During the present year this re duction has been largely in the weaving department by the great lengthening of cuts without extra pay and by changing the styles of cloth. By these un|ust means some corporations have further re duced the weavers’ wages from 10 to 25 per cent. These corporations which are treating operatives with such scorn and contempt are nearly all paying their usual dividends, aud stock holders have scarcely suffered at all. The operatives of New Bedford hove, there fore, struck work against this cruel aud needless reduction ln wages.” There is a rumor that the Ilennet and Columbia mills will start up Wednesday under the old schedule. The officials will not affirm or deny the roport. THE SITUATION AT PALL RIVER. Fall River. Mass., Aug. 27.—The Conan icut mill has closed its gates indefinitely, and there now remain but four corpora tions out of forty-two that are making attempts to run their mills. The Fall River Iron Works and Baraby Gingham mills bid fair to continue in full operation, as they aro paying under the old scale. Durfue No. 2 and Reaconnet are running under the now schedule, and predictions aro freely made to-day that the help will leave them Wednesday and Friday, when they re ceive their first payments under the 10 per cent, reduction. The temper of tho Mule Spinners’ Association has chanced materially within the past forty-eight hours, and Secretary O’Donnell reports that from the talks which he has had with many spinners he has concluded the men will not return to work at the old rates while cotton and cloth are quoted at pres ent prices in tho open market. This at titude is in direct opposition to that assumed by the spinners association at a meeting held a week ago last Friday. Since that time, however, print cloths have Jumped to 2% cents and cotton has remained about stationary. This new stand is of particular interest because the hope was gaintng that certain mills that had signed the manufacturers’ agreement would eventually break away and start at prices satisfactory to the spinners and carders. An attempt was made to start the Globe yarn mill this morning hut the carding room help refused to work at the new rates. They held a meeting and voted to remain away from the mills while the reduced prices ure offered by the management. Seeratary Tansey is endeavoring to compromise with Agent Sanford on a 5 percent, reduction, and Inasmuch as the New Bedford yarn mills and the Kerr Thread mills aro in operation on nearly the old rates, he feels very confident of success, 'i he King Philip mills strikers met this morning, and some of them who are not In financial standing in the union were paid from the collections made from the public. Tiie carders and spinners will bold general meetings to-night. UNION BENEFIT ORDERED OFF. At a large meeting of tho spinners' union to-night it was voted to declare all union benefits off for four weeks, begin ning last Monday morning. Tho vote will Include every one who was, or who may be entitled to benefits, till the time, limit expires. Tho action was not en tirely unanimous, but will undoubtedly be followed. At the carders’ meeting it was votod to discontinue all union benefits, beginning this morning and lasting as long as the lockout continues The votes passed by these two unions indicate the intention of the trade unionists to prepare for future trouble by protecting their funds as long as they can |>ossibly do so. LOWELL MILLS RESUME. Lowell,Mass.,Aug. 27- -TheTremontand Suffolk mills started up to-day in all de partment*, except the color and blanket rooms, with 1,700 operatives. The Mid dlesex woolen mills carding and spinning rooms and a part of the weaving rooms also resumed work, and also the Appleton mills in all departments. The total num ber of operatives set to work is about 8,600. T here is a temporary scarcity of weavers in two of the cotton mills. I DAILY. $lO A YEAR, I < S CENTS A COPY. I ( WEEKLY. 8 TIMES- A WEEK. $1 A TEAR. HAMMER AND TONES WORK Brisk and Ferocious Slugging at a Coney Island Contest. Ten Hot and Heavy Rounds Between “G-rlffo” and Jack McAuliffe, ln Which the Latter Seemed to Get the Worst of It, but the Referee Thought Differently His Decision Bitterly Denouncad by the “Fancy.” Seaside Athletic Club, Coney Island, Aug. 27.—Seldom has a limited round con test attracted such 3 widespread interest as that to-night at tho Seaside Athletio Club between Jack McAuliffe and Alfred Griffith, better known as “Young Griffo,” the former tho light weight champion of America, and the latter the featherweight champion of Australia. Both men were far beyond tho weight limit of the re spective classes, but this out no figure to night. as the men fought at catch weights and the contest was decided on its merits. The sport began with a wrestling match and two minor contests. John Madden of Brooklyn boat Connie Sullivan of New York iu a six-round match, and Al O'Brien of Philadelphia knocked out Charles Hurnes of Cincinnati in tho fourth round. Then came the star event of the even ing. The seconds were: Eddie Stod dard, Jimmy Carroll, Jack Shehan and Benuio Murph.v for Jack McAuliffe, while the men who looked after “Griffo” were Fete Dunne of Sydney, Con Kiordan of San Francisco,H. Tuthill of Saginaw and Billy Silleck of New York. Maxey Moore of the New York Athletio Club was referee. “Griffo” said he weighod 183 jiounds and McAuliffe said ho weighed 140 pounds. But thedifferenco between these weights when they en tered the ring looked much greater. Mc- Auliffe looked fully twenty pounds hoavier. Round I—Both men appeared in the ring with nothing on but blue truuks. McAuliffe led off and planted his left on Griffo's face. Griffo retaliated by smash ing Jack on the Jaw. Mac led and was cleverly stopped, and Griffo swung his right on Jack’s wind. Griffo won the house by his clever ducking and counter ing. Jack led and landed a wicked left on Griffo's wind and got a smash on the jaw in return for it. Tho vast crowd were .yelling themselves hoarse when. the. gong sounded. Round 2—Griffo was much more clever than McAuliffe had expected to find him, and his blows were returned with equally good effect. McAuliffe did the bulk of the leading. But Griffo woula counter on htm every time, and honors were pretty evenly divided. Iu fact, it was seen that McAuliffe had met his equal in every re spect, if not his superior. Round 3—GriiTo landed when and where he pleased. He hammered Jack with right and loft, and soon had his nose bleeding. Every time Jack led he was met by Griffo, and he ap|>eared as though he wished it was all over. The round ended in Griffo’s favor. Hound 4—McAuliffe led, but fell short and landed on Griffo’s arm. The Aus tralian forced tho fighting, and landed two left-handed blows in rapid succesion on McAuliffe’s face, sending him over against the ropes, which he was obliged to grasp to keep from falling. Mac did his utmost to land some stiff body punches, but his efforts seemed to be in vain. Griffo kept jabbing his left into McAuliffe’s face and pumping his right into his body. Griffo had ail the best of the round and hit McAuliffe as he pleased. Round 5 McAuliffe had clearly met a stiffer game than he bargained for. The men continued to smash and fight all over the ring. Griffo clearly had all tho best of it. He landed his left heavily four times in succession, and appeared to have Jack rattled. The round ended as the other had in (iriffo s favor. Round <> McAuliffe rushed Griffo and landed his left with but little effect. Griffo drove his right into McAuliffe * ribs with telling effect, and mashed him on the mouth witli tho left. Once more McAuliffe tried his rushing tactics, but tho blows he delivered seemed to have hut little or no effect. Griffo pul a stiff right-hander on McAuliffe’s closed eve, and it puffed Ills cheek considerably. Griffo was too clever for McAuliffe, whom ho seemed to be making a chopping block of. Jack was slow in all his move ments and very stalo. Round 7 —Griffo feinted and landed his left on Mac’s wind, and u moment later landed right and left on Jack's face. Jack rushed aud was mot by a straight left from Griffo. Griffo smashed Jack on tho jaw several times, and it looked like all day for Jack. Griffo led for the face and Jack countered with his right, and was immediately crossed by Griffo, who landed twice in succession and was forcing Jack around the ring at the call of time. Round B.—The game was much harder thau McAuliffe had bargained for, and while he tried to rally in this round ho was only farming his face out as a punch ing bag for the Australian. There was scarcely a mark on Griffo, while Jack looked decidedly tho worse for wear. The crowd got excited and commenced to coach, some of them telling McAuliffe to stay away, while others shouted to Griffo to put him out. Griffo had a i the best of the round and punched McAuliffe al most at will. It was a great surprise to McAuliffe’s admirers. Round 9. This round opened with a rush. Jack sent a corking shot on Griffo's Jaw. It was hammer and tongs ail over the ring. Griffo began to hug to avoid punishment. Jack made play for the wind, but he waited too long. He ap peared to have gained some of his old time form and went at Griffo savagely. He fought him all over the ring ana Griffo began to clinch to avoid punish ment. This was Jack's round und the referee was kept busy separating them. The round ended In Jack's favor. Round 10 The crowd begau to leave the building before the round began. McAuliffe opened hostilities by planting his right In Griffo's stomach. The fight ing iu this round was of tho fiercest na ture. but, desperate as McAuliffe was, he could not regain his lost laurels. Pande monium reigned when the announcement was made that the referee had decided McAuliffe the winner They hissed and groaned until the building fairly trembled, and all hands yelled “Griffo.'’ When McAuliffe left tho stage they hissed and groaned at him all the way back to his dressing room, and .yelled “Robber, robber 1” R was unquestion ably the most barefaced decision that has ever been given at a boxing contest ln this vicinity. The entire assemblage were highly indignant, aud the police had to come to the front and clear the room. Griffo made aspeech from the stage and said he would fight McAuliffe to a finish at any time ho desired to fight. The crowd hung around the outside of the building shouting “Griffo.” It was hta fight beyond a doubt.