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FOR AMERICAN STUDENTS, BY ft NTOINE mUZZARRELLI. Two Franco-American committees have been formed, otie in Paris, the other in tha United States, with the object of attracting to the institutions of learning in France those American students, who, after having completed their course of study at home, wish to become acquaint ed with the higher teaching that is to be obtained on the continent of Europe. Now, it is but proper for us, who are in terested in the welfare of the great Amer ican republic, to inquire whether it is not possible to affect a closer rapprochement between the seats of learning of the two sister republics. Such has been the object in tho appointment of the Pranco-Amer ican committees upon which the name of the American ambassador to France, Mr. Kustis, holds an honorable place. The names of his French colleagues furnish a guarantee of the strohg desire of rep resentative Frenchmen to form st'll closer ties with America The fault will not be in France if young Americans do not find their way in increasing numbers to the great universities of that country; for its greatest men—men whose laurels are re cognized in every country where eminence in all branches of learning is valued have consented to act upon these commit tees, of which Michel Brea!, and the cel ebrated astronomer Newcomb, of Wash ington, are the respective chairmen. We may be certain that with their co-opera tion something: will bo done whereby American students may be induced to avail themselves of the undeniable advantages offered by France. It is. Indeed, an interesting eoincidenee that the article by the great savant, Michel Breal,* should have appeared in these column.* almost at the very time when the most eminent representatives of art, science and literature in every country in the, world were met together in Paris to join their French brethren in celebrating the centenary of the French Institute. That celebration is a remind er, if reminder were needed, of the great services rendered by France in every de partment of civilization and progress. The institute, in Its five divisions, has done much for literature and scienco during the past hundred years; but it should be remembered that the pre-eminence of Franco in every liberal pursuit can be traced back, not for one century, merely, but for many. This centenary, however, serves to show the world that the nation which. In former days, produced so many men of towering greatness is still prolific In noble achievements, and that the men of the present are worthy of their pro genitors. The recent death of Pasteur, while cast ing a gloom upon ceremonials in which, had he been spared, he would have been a striking figure, brought into prominent relief the wonderful discoveries which at tracted to his laboratories men of every nation and every tongue. France, with that catholicity that has always distin guishes! her, has given a warm welcome to such visitors who came to study hrr methods. In painting and sculpture no one at the present day disputes her su premacy. The question for us toyconsider is this: Is there any reason why the great work of French savants in the domain of literature and learning should not be as well known to Americans as the achieve ments of Englishmen and Germans? The great universities of England, Ox ford and Cambridge, boast of their an tiquity; that is, perhaps, the principal ground for tho great consideration they enjoy. But so far os antiquity is con cerned France need not fear to enter the lists. Her Sorbonne, With it# 12,000 stud ents of all kinds, is at least 700 years old. It was an academy to which scholars and philosophers resorted from e.very part of Europe when the merits of the univers ities by the Cam and the Isis were as yet unacknowledged by the world, and we have just seen that the traditions of the past have been worthily upheld. In the case of Oxford and Cambridge, we find that some of the greatest men of England who made there a temporary stay, acknowledge themselves as under no obligations to those universities for any higher Inspirations. Narrow relig ious tests prevailed in England till a period within the recollection of many now living. The dissenters of England, of whom the Pilgrim Fathers were an offshoot, were, until quite recently, ex cluded from participation in the advant ages of universities of their native land. The same rule was applied with, if possi ble, even greater strictness, to the Cath olics. France, on the contrary, since the great revolution, has offered with cordi ality her hospitality to men of every race and every creed. Discrimination is not known there. Universal toleration for every variety of religious thought has long prevailed. l.et us now glance briefly at Germany and Inquire why so many Afnerican stu dents are attracted thither. la it because of any early ties connecting American and Germany? The connection of France with our country was closer and more in timate, and if gratitude for the past counts for anything, France has claims to the sympathy and interest of Americans be yond those of any other country; for no American should forget the services ren dered by France and Frenchmen to the cause of their national independence. It is on other grounds, however, that France claims for herself the love of America. Ideas are more potent than men or money, and the ideas of liberty and equality found earliest or most forci ble expression in France. The settlers of New England had their own ideas of free dom; but, after all, these were narrow and limited; they never rose to the alti tude of full toleration for sects other than their own. The great universal note of freedom as every man’s birthright, was first pronounced in unfaltering accents by the French ency-clopedlsts; it is to the praise of America that her sons made those theories a living, actual reality. If the Declaration of Independence is a sa cred document of world-wide significance, one that shall be studied by patriots and statesmen of every country till the end of time, we must not forget that Jefferson was in no small degree indebted to France for his ideas. So far as race is concerned, the ties which bind France and America are of indisputable weight. Many of the great est Americans have been able to trace back their ancestry to France; and it is admitted by every historian that the French Huguenots had an influence out ot ail proportion to their numbers, in shaping the early destinies of the United States. They came here upon the revo cation of the edict of Nantes with notions of freedom no less high than those that animated the Pilgrim Fathers when thev fled from the tyranny of the Stuarts. If it is right—and it is. Indeed, right and proper—for men in W’hose veins runs the Pugrim blood, or who are grateful to those sturdy champions of American rights and liberties, to erect monuments to their memory and to make pilgrimages to the land whence the Pilgrim fathers •. surely it Is altogether right for pa triotic Americans to visit a land sancti ne<l by struggles no less lofty and inspir mg, to the heroes of which many of our noblest Americans trace their origin. I * , n . ot wih to he understood as under valuing the achievements, in the cause or our independence, of French Catholics, or whom the great type is I afayette; in ti T.- tJur obligations to every ..action of aldi * rench People are well nigh Incalcql- Theso may be criticised as merely senti mental considerations; we wisli to know what real advantages France lias to offer American students, as compared with !*ormany, for instance. A review of the intellectual history of Franco astonishes one by a display of great names in every variety of literature and science. Ger many s appearance In the literary field is t very recent date; her great men are essentially modern. When Mollere was startling the literary world by the bril liancy of iiia productions, Germany was P* Intellectually dormant. The coun ty that produced Montaigne. li.sisrics, l aseai. Racine, Mollere, Hoi lea u, Cor , "die,. Bossuet, KVnelon, 1-aJiruyere/ Msie -1 one he, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Itouencau. Jhe I'nivorsltlae of France and Amor *** ■itweuu,’' yubllabaA iu uuutoc. UK. From the American University Magazine. Bnffon, deserves the careful study of thoughtful students. Upon the claims of r rcnch literature, merely as literature it is unnecessary to dwell. French pre eminence has been in existence for many centuries; and the race of French literary men has not degenerated. The land of Chateaubriand, Balzac. George Sand, Dumas, Musset. Lamartine and Victor Hugo, in every department is found pre serving a vigorous life. No country has made more strenuous efforts than has France, since the disas ters of IS7O, to keep abreast of the age. Schools of every kind have been multi plied. Her universities have been adapted to modern needs; new ones have been es tablished. and throughout the whole coun try the motto has oeen adopted: “L’Eilu eation avant tout.” In the present, as in the past, her professors are men of world wide fame. Cuvier. Arago. Laplace, Vic tor Cousin, Jouffroy, Guizot, Auguste Comte, Littre, Michelet. Mignet. Taine, Renan, Chevreul, Leverrier, Dumas, Br -thelot, Pasteur, Michel Breal, Greard, La visse. Levasseur, Gaston Paris, Maspero, not to multiply instances, are men of which a country may well be proud. No universities in tne world are served by men more eminent, more slef-sacri ficing, more thoroughly devoted to duty. Certainly the Important question, anil one that forces itself upon our attention, is this: What is the system of training which has placed at the disposal of France, and not of France only, but also of humanity, men of such transcendant powers? The institutions of a country are no dim reflec tion of its national genius. And France, as the country most deeply impressed by the influence of tho ancient Romans, would well repay study. All thoughtful Americans will agree as to the importance of attempting to combine the best Influ ences of the ancient civilizations in the modem republic of the west, to fuse to gether French refinement and Teutonic perseverance. The characteristic of French literature is an indescribable artis tic flavor to which the German language does not easily lend itself. Indeed, In French writers we find a combination of deep thought and literary polish that ren ders their work at once simple and delight full The Teuton neglects literary form; the Frenchman, while proving himself equal in every field of original research, is an accomplished master of style. As regards science, many European sa vants have acknowledged their Indebted ness to French educational hospitality. Adam Smith, for instance, the father of political economy, says somewhere, that had it not been for his several years of residence in France, the “Wealth of Na tions” would hardly have been written, at least in its present form. Hume, the celebrated historian, the friend and fel low countryman of Adam Smith, is an btlier instance out of many. And on the occasion of the centenary of the French Institute, it was but the other day\ that Lord Kelvin, perhaps better known as Sir William Thompson, regarded by those competent to pass judgment, as a second Newton, declared with emphasis that it would be Impossible for him to overestimate what he owed these great men, whom he was addressing, not only for their kindness, but also for the train ing in proper scientific methods he had re ceived in their laboratories. Before going to France, young Thompson had exhaust ed the educational resources of Great Britain. He had passed through Glasgow University of which his father was one of the professors; thence he had proceed ed to Cambridge, where, at the end of his course, the highest distinctions possible had been the reward of his arduous and successful studies. Having arrived at this stage he was not of opinion that nothing more was to be learned. He went to France, where h© wished to be trained in the work of original research; here in French laboratories, and in contact with the great French scientists of the time, to whose memory he paid a most glowing tribute, he found the Influences that were So potent In forming his mind, and in determining his future career. The testi mony of such a man. given so heartily to the superiority of French, methods, has a value all its own, and should encourage in their good work the members of the Franco-American committees. Michel Breal, whoso official position en ables him to speak with authority, assures us that no effort will be wanting on the part of the educational authorities In France to modify, as far as possible, their regulations so as to meet the peculiar needs of American students. It is his recommendation that students from abroad, if they wish to know French life "intimately and in its purity.” should re sort to some of the provincial universi ties, keeping Paris for the end, "when hav ing completed their studies they want to become acquainted with the furnace in which all the diversities of the provinces are united and smelted down,” In conclusion, slightly changing the words of Macaulay In reference to the an cient Athenians, we would say that the life and institutions of a nation which, like France, has devised a system of edu cation eminently fitted, not only “to form exact and profound thinkers, but likewise to give quickness to the perceptions, deli cacy to the taste, fluency to the expres sion, and politeness to the manners,” has claims unon the attention of the cultured citizens of the United States which cannot well be ignored. ME.IM'M.I.KSS HYMNS. Others Who Share the Oplnjon of the Rev. Mr. Tuck: of Newburgh. From the New York Sun. Interest in the subject of hymns and church music has been stirred up by a comparatively trivial Incident which is re ported from Poughkeepsie. According to the report, the Rev. Mr. Tuck of New burgh aroused considerable comment by publicly protesting against the singing of a hymn by Will Thompson, entitled, “Drifting With the Tide.” One of the verses runs as follows: We are floating on the ocean, Drifting, drifting with the tide. Far from home and far from kindred, O’er the boundless sea we ride. Giant waves, like wondrous mountains, Rise and fall with noisy sound; On we glide, through foaming fountains, On we’re drifting, ocean bound. When Mr. Tuck heard this sung he raised his hands above his head and shout ed, “For God’s sake, never sing that piece again.” It is also alleged that he expressed the opinion that ’’Drifting With the Tide” was devoid of meaning, Tmperfeot in me ter anfl full of absurd figures, and that it should have no place in a church hyme nal. The report adds that some of Mr. Tuck’s audience were so shocked at his denunciation of the hymn that they de clared that ho was irreverent. Several clergymen and others who are familiar with the subject were asked yes terday to express their opinion of the hymns that are generally sung in church es, as well as the particular one to which the Rev. Mr. Tuck objected. Most of them agreed in characterizing much of the mu sic sung In churches as mere empty sound, and not particularly pleasant or harmon ious sound at that. On the other hand, it was said that there are any number of good hymns in existence, and that the poor ones could be avoided by a Judicious selection. The pastor of one church in which congregational singing is the rule said: ”1 am not familiar with the hymn men tioned iu this report, but it Is apparently one of a class against which anybody would be Justified In protesting. Where there are so many simple, yet strong and unfitting hymns, there is no reason why worshippers could, upend their lime on silly or stupid songs. And yet most hymn books abound In the latter." Picking up a small hymnal and turning the leaves at random, he said: "Hear is a fair sample of what may be heard in many churches.” The piece se lected was ’ The Heltrew Captive.” and was written in the ordinary baflaa style, with the following refrain*. Aro your windows open toward Jeruaa lem. Though as captives bare a little while we stay? For the rommg of the King In Ills glory, Aro you watching day by day? "What meaning does that convey, I abutted UkM iU kbOttZ u Mr. Tung. Is I THE MORNING NEWS; SUNDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1895. protesting against songs of that order, I fully agree with him.’ Gustave Schirmer. who is engaged in the publication of music, said: “There is no doubt that many of the songs heard in our ciftirches are very poor, whether you consider the words or the music A great deal of church music is being pub lished all the time. Some of It is excels lent, some Is very poor. In general, it may he said that the music in American churches is luferior iu quality to that heard abroad. The latter is more severe, and some of it is classical. The music In New York churches is better on the average than in other parts of the coun try. In some of the smaller churches al most tlie only songs used are mere bal lads, anil In many cases operatic and oth vr popular airs have been adapted for church use. In such cases the words are considered of secondary importance, and they are often meaningless. “In some churches the music is valued only for its drawing power. That is, where you wifi And the quartet solo choir, and where everything else is sacrificed to the necessity of permitting the singers to display the line qualities of their voices.” Probably no other man in America is as well versed in hymnology as the Rev. Charles S. Robinson. Dr. Robinson has made a careful study of hymns, and has published twenty-two hymn liook*. the aggregate circulation of which runs up into the millions. When he saw the par ticular verse of ’’Drifting With the Tide," which Mr. Tuck had quoted for the sub ject of his remarks. Dr. Robinson said: ‘Th;-t isn’t a hymn at all, at least, not as it stands there. A hymn is a religious song, and there is no religion in that. Still. 1 don’t believe that protesting against it is likely to do much good, for such things will probably continue to be written and sung in spite of protests. And, after all. they are harmless. The only thing to he said about them is that they are not religious songs and so do not belong in a liytnn book. There are many such, and some of them are widely sung. This ‘Drifting’ reminds me of one, ‘We Are Sailing O’er the Sea, Homeward Hound.’ All you know when you get through singing that is that you have been out sailing on the sea. And on Sunday, too,” continued the doctor, laughing. " ‘Hold tlie £i>rt,’ is a familiar thing, and it is sung in many churches, hut it is not a hymn. Another of tho same kind tie gins ’Forward, Christian Soldier,’ and ends with the refrain, ’Toilng on, toiling on.’ They don't mean any tiling, and yet worthy people stand up and get black lit the face shouting out those lines. “The on© or two examples given above afford only a slight indication of the ab surd lengths which are sometimes reach ed 1 once attended a meeting hell os tensibly In tho interests of temperance and religion, which went as far as any thing I can recall. The last speaker at this meeting closed his remarks by saying that tho only thing to ilo in the good eauso of temperance was to go on. Then he said: "We wifi close witli a hymn to the tune of ‘Auld Lang Syne.’ ” He led the hymn, and this was it: “Go on, go on, go on, go on, go on, go on, go on, Go on, go on, go on, go on. go on, go on, go on, G’wan, g’wan, go on, go on, go on, G’wan, g’wan, go on, go on, G’wan, g’wan. go on, go on, go on, go on, go on, go on. “Five hundred people stood up and sang that, and, what is worse, they seemed to enjoy it and to think -it appropriate. Do you know how many of tne things that find their way into hymn books are written? You know that when a butcher wants to steer a refractory pig or calf in a certain direction he takes it by the tail. That’s the way the writing of this miscalled hymns is conducted. A man will play or whistle or hum a tune and think that ho has improvised an air. Then he takes this little melody and builds Into it a lot of words, which he naturally con siders of less Importance than the air. The result is labled a ’hymn,’ and many persons seem satisfied to accept it as such on the author's statement without further question. “To get down to bed-rock In this mat ter,” continued Dr. Robinson, "it seems to me that It is only necessary to keep in mind the fact that hymn singing is, or should be, a part of the worship of God. As I said at the beginning, a hymn is a religious song, and nothing that fails to meet this definition should find a place In a hymn book.” GETTING ANIMALS OUT OF HOLES. Ingenious Methods of Country Hoys in Invading narrows—The Mud- Tartle and the Fire-Hall. “One thing which gives an interest in life to the boys on a farm,” said the man from the country, "are the attempts to capture the various wild animals hidden beneath Its surface. In any good-sized farm there are usually quite a number of these—mostly foxes and skunks and wood chucks, the rabbits confining their bur rowing operations more to the woods. The problem how to secure these crea tures, so aggravating!# near, but so very completely out of reach - ,- lias from time immemorial perplexed the juvenile rustic understanding and brought out various solutions. Thtf most common methods of operation are, of course, drowning and smoking the animals out. but after one has carried to a woodchuck hole the small reservoir of water necessary to fill It, he loses his enthusiasm for the former methods, while the latter can only be used when there are two holes, one above the other on a side hill, so that there is a draught to allow the passage of the smoke. For this reason the commonest and sur est way of getting the animals is simply to dig them out, having first, of course, made sure they are at home. While foxes and skunks appear a more tempting prize In the end, the prince of game in this kind of sport Is the woodchuck. He Is more thoroughly at home in the ground than either of the other animals and is ex tremely shifty in his ways of avoiding pursuit. A woodchuck hole, in the first place, Is quite a marvel of subterranean architecture, running along under the ground thirty or forty feet and often fur ther and being divided into all sorts of mazy turns and blind allleys. To get at the owner of the burrow you often have to dig out all these turns and may even then lose him, because all the time you are unearthing him he Is digging away In the opposite direction and filing his tun nel after him, so completely that you may miss him entirely. He can dig at a rate of speed, too, which may tax you to keep up with him. Ills last trick, just before you reach him, is to dig straight down and then cover up his body entirely. In this way many a woodchuck already won has been lost. “A trick worth knowing when dealing with animals in holes, when you hqve nearly reached them, is a way of taking them out with a stick, which, in the long run, affords a large saving in human hands. A fair-sized stick is cut and a deep notch made in the end. This notched end is then thrust into the animal’s fur and twisted around until a wad of hair and hide, catching on the prongs, is wound up around the stick. The animal can then be hauled out. While not calculated to add to the happiness of the last hours of the game, this is found to be a popular substitute for hands among hunters In securing animals which are blessed with any fair number of teeth. “An improvement on smoking out ani mals in use in some parts of tho country is to lay a loose train of gunpowder as far into the burrow as possible and touch it off. In this way the hole may be filled with a smudge which no lungs can resist, and in a short time a sneezing, half-suffo cated animal wifi come popping out Into the hands of its persecutors. “The meanest method of getting out game, however, is an improvised method of ferreting, which is sometimes employed. Compared to this ferreting is an act of piety. A fair-sized mud turtle is secured and a piece of cloth or cotton waste is tied behind him close up to the base of his tail. This is saturated with kerosene, the turtle headed into the hole and a match applied. Under these circumstances it Is surprising what speed can be gotten out of a turtle. He starts out on a brisk gal lop and In a few moments has reached the private boudoir of the woodchuck. When tile latter sees this Impromptu torchlight procession In the way he muv< on; the half-fryed turtle comes hurrying after him. and preferring tlie society of mankind to broiling the unfortunate ani mal come* out to tie murdered wilh a club. There Isn’t any specific law on this sort of thing, but there ought to be,” —fongieateman Mozely of Missouri Is hut 2*i year* old, hut he ought to he broad and siaieeinanllke in hi* view*, for hi* district reaches across the southern part at the *tat*> M mli'si Zrvw side to side., GOLD MINE ROMANCES. GOOD ANU BAD LICK OF I'ROt- PECTORS. The Itenm rkalile Misfortune of n French Reliever in I.nek The Story of the Holy Terror—Strat ton's Lack at Cripple Creek. From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Mining camps are replete with interest ing stories of prospectors who have struck it rich, and of those who, after years of unsuccessful effort, find themselves “dead broke" in their old age because luck w - as against them. “While everybody be lieves more or less in the existence of that something known as 'luck,' ” said Jean Decker, formerly a resident of the Black Hills, and one of the pioneers of that region, “the prospector who climbs over mountains and trails along streams winding their devious way through tor tuous gulches, more than anybody, is a believer that ‘luck’ shapes the destinies of all men. He wifi tell you frankly that he believes in luck, and is always prepared with what he considers irrefutable argu ments 1n support of his belief. If argu ments fail to convince, he is ready to relate experiences by the score, experi ences of his own and of others, to prove that ‘luck’ is behind all success or fail ure. and that ‘luck,’ good or had, is re sponsible for the success or failure of all undertakings. "1.. F. Mllderbranil, a wiry little French man, who drives an express wagon in Deadwood, is a firm liollever in luck, for tlie greater numln r of the many years that cause his curly beard and hair to bo so liberally besprinkled with silver have been spent in the mountains of the west. It is luck that is responsible for the fact that ho is now driving a dray Instead of living a life of ease and enjoying the lux uries and comforts that the possession of unlimited means makes possible. Had luck not been against him he would now be Mr. Ililderbrand, and not ’Hilderbrand’ the drayman.’ It was luck that caused him more than thirty years ago to sfumh> against a mountain side* in Montana, and it was the same luck that caused him to chip off a piece from a huge bowlder he found there to find that he had struck it rich, for the bowlder was quartz, and so rich in gold that it fairly made his eves pop und Ids heart beat with a rapidity that threatened serious results to its out er covering. He soon got over his excite ment. and with the prospector’s instinct, began to look for tne lead from which the bowlder had sloughed off. Luck was still with him. for ho Iruqm! the lead and at once began to open It. die had a part ner. and the two worked hard, for. al though quartz mining was then merely an experiment in Montunu, they know the time was coming when placer mining would end and quartz mining would re ceive tlie attention of moneyed men anxious for a quick way of increasing their wealth. "They were poor and their supply of ‘grub’ was limited, but they knew that there were plenty of men in the terri tory who would gladly ’stake' them as soon as they learned of tlie Holiness of their find. So far all of their ‘luck’ had been of the quality described as ‘good,’ hut a change was to come, and that soon. Their 'luck' was destined to undergo a change. In an unfortunate moment they undertook to roll out of the way the great bowlder which had guided them to whero fortune was awaiting them. Whether It was this, or something else, that had caused their good ’luck' to change, it is not known, but Hilderbrand believes that the attempt to change the location of the bowlder offended the genii that for years had guarded the hidden treasures of the mountain, for the bowl der rolled over upon the srm of his part ner,and so badly crushed It that it became useless. Being without money, they had to leave the place, Hilderbrand going to French Gulch to seek employment In the placer mines there, Whild hi# pArtnet* went to Helena to obtain surgical assistance. “Years passed on and Hilderbrand be gan to think less of the find, and when the stampede for Deadwood began he was one of the first to join the rush, and luck of the good kind aided him to locate a paying claim in that part of the city which was once known as Elizabethtown. After tho claim had been worked out he again drifted west, and was one of the pioneers in Coeur d’Alene Mountains. Bad luck again became his companion, and he drifted from one place to another, until finally he found himself once more In Montana, nd one day he stood once more gazing on the bowlder of rich quartz on which he had feasted his eyes before. The bowlder hnd the familiar appearance of an old friend, but its surroundings had so changed that Hilderbrand was bewil dered. "In place of the modest little tunnel he had helped to dig over a quarter of a century before, he found a monster hoist ing plant raising rich ore from a shaft hundreds of feet in depth, whllejn the gulch thundered and t oared a monster stamp mill. The liowlder had been re moved, and it occupied a place of honor in front of a splendid building. Surrounded by an iron railing, from which dangled signs cautioning trespassers to beware, the bowlder stood an object of veneration and curiosity, for it told to the world that it was the identical rock that had led to the discovery of the famous Drum Lum mon mine, one of the richest gold-pro ducers in the United States. “Hildebrand attempted to touch the bowlder, but the burly watchman ordered him off. Finally eloquence prevailed, and the man whose luck had been his ruin, was permitted to place his hand on the bowlder and run his fingers over the spot which marked the place from which he had chipped off a sample years before. “Sometimes Hilderbrand tells the story, and always winds it up by laying his hands over his heart and looking far away and saying: ’Oh, I feel so pinch here,’ in dicating that portion of his anatomy cov ered by his hands, ‘w’en I come back and see de mill and de mine and tink of de time w’en I find de bowlder and den t’ink what might 'ave been If luck had been wid me h’lnstead of de h’ole man Cruse.’ " The stories told of those whom fortune favored are perhaps not so numerous, but are equally as Interesting as those con cerning the unfortunate prospectors who, after years of labor and privations, see others reap the fruits of their toil. One day during the latter part of June, 1594 William Franklin and his daugh ter Mrs Frank Stone, happened to stroll up’a gulch in Pennington county, in the Black Hills, and. stopping to rest a mo ment, Mrs. Stone Idly broke In two a small piece of rock, which, in the break, upon examination, showed some particles of gold. A little more digging exposed more of the rock, which upon being tested, proved very rich. Everybody in the vicinity, having nothing to do, visited the spot, and for pastime were allowed to dig out some of the rock and crush It and pan out the gold. As every man in the city.was not in the best financial con dition, and without means for raising the money for the proper celebration of the approaching Fourth of July, quite an opening was made, and the proceeds de voted to that purpose. From this little incident dates the discovery of gold in the Hoiv Terror mine, which, since that time, has'been causing so much excitement In mining circles. Another of the lucky ones was W. S. Stratton, owner of tho great Independ ence mine at Cripple Creek. A few years ago Mr. Stratton was only a poor pros pector. For several years the old man worked alone on his claim and had little to say to any one. The other prospeo ors in the district used to call him “Old Stratton. He sunk a shaft without any help, nlfcrly 100 feet deep. Ho would go down the ladder, put in a blast, go to the top and wait until the smoke arose. Then he would again descend the ladder and fill the bucket, then go up and hoist, empty, and then let It dow/i again, then go down and fill It. In this crude fash ion he worked for months, and people who observed him were of the opinion that he was crazy. One day ho walked Into the office of a transportation com pany, down at Colorado Hprin**, having walked the entire distance of forty miles. Ho asked tho agent to send a team over to hi# mine to haul down some ore. Tlie agent hesitated, as ho did not sup pose Mr. Stratton had money to pay for the hauling, hut tip charges were paid In advance, and a team was sent over to the mine after the ore. Mr. Stratton had struck aofno very rich ore and had pound ml out enough wl'b a atnuli mortar to puy tlie hauling charges A carload was dtupped to Uthfur and lx** tod and yjvided a good many thousand dollar*. Then soon afterward the great Independence mine became a steady producer snd attained a fame which has reached the farthest ends of the earth. Mr. Stratton is now one of the wealthiest men in the west, hut is a* unassuming as ever, and does a great deal of good with his money. Ac cording to recent information, there is no alteration in his peculiarity of charac ter. The shaft in the mine is now down about GOO feet in sylvanite ore that carries as high as pjo.uoo to the ton; landings have been put in at every 100 feet, and experts who have visited the mine estimate, at the average value of the ore per ton, that at least $4,000,1100 worth of rock has been opened up between the first and fourth levels. This seems to he a whim of the owner, although what his motive Is has never been divulged. As he was a poor man when he discovered the property. It evidently affords him a great amount of satisfaction to demonstrate to the world that a mine marvelously rich may be operated by an individual without in voking tfie aid of foreign and eastern capitalists. All overtpri * that have lein made by tetpitaltsts w ho desired to obtain possession of the ground have been met with derision, and Mr. Stratton imattlvely asserts that he will not part with it. t nOti’S GRIEF DROVE HIM MAD. After the Death of Hl* Muster He Stampeded Worker*.Jn n t 00l Mine. the Philadelphia Press. Hazleton. Dec. 22.—A peculiar case of a dog's fidelity is Just reported from Tresckow, near here. A few weeks ago Charles Miller, who was stable boss at the mine, died. His dog Nero had been hls.eontant companion at the mine sta bles, and upon the death of the master the dog became melancholy. He was a great favorite with all the workmen, and Nero’s strange actions after Miller's death excited sympathy among all the men. The dog would hang around the stables, looking in vain for the return ot his master. He whined and growled al most Incessantly and refused to be cou siled with caresses or food. Nero had de termined to die. He could not be driven from the place, ami daily hi* suffering became more pronounced. The re.sult was that the dog became crazed. Yesterday, while some thirty Hunga rians were at work on the strippings, Nero for once left hi* haunt* at the stable and scampered toward the strip ping hole, which Is about fifty feet deep For a minute or more tlie dog ran So and fro on the edge of the ravine. Those who saw him observed that lie was froth ing at the mouth. Then suddenly he took a leap into the pit. Down the side lie tumbled, alighting in the midst of tlie workmen apparently but little hurt. He was stark mad and made a dash for the men, who hastily scattered In all direc tions, but not before John Hodar and Peter Larof were bitten. The breasts leading from the gangways in the Tresckow mine open in this strip ping und the cruzy canine ran Into one of them. A few minute* later he ap peared on the gangway where a dozen miners and driver boy* were busily en gaged. The sight of the dog sent cold shivers through the miners. By the dim light of the lamps they could not recog nize Nero, and some supposed It was the Old Nick himself. The wildest excitement was thus created. The men ran wildly towards the bottom of the slope, where they took tlie coal car# to escape, not waiting for the regular car to be sent dliwtt. Even the driver boys deserted their teams and Joined the men as soon as they could escape from the pit to the surface. The mad dog Jumped on a mule’s back and tore the flesh terrlblv. The frightened mule ran to the stable with the (log clinging to his back. Tho attendance at the stable recog nized Nero and ended his sufferings by killing him. Veterinary Surgeon Foes, of this city, who was called to cauterize the mule's wounds, stated that ths mule was likely to get hydrophobia,, and the animal is now quarantined. The incident created the great iwt excitement about the mine. Manv of the miners were so firmly convinced that it was the devil which had appeared in the chamber of the mine that they refused to go back until tho carcass of the dog was hoisted to thq surface. The two miners bitten by the brute are being well cared for liy he doctors, but there Is danger that they wifi also get hydrophobia. LIFE WITH CANNIBALS. William I*. Harrison of Chlcngo Hnil Some Peculiar Experience*. From the Baltimore Sun. William Preston Harrison, son of the late Mayor Harrison of Chicago, who has returned from a year's cruise among the South Sea Islands, has many stories to tell of his voyage. Besides narrowly es caping death at the hands of cannibals In the Solomon Islands ho had numer ous other startling experiences. “A native may take you Into his house at night and treat you the best kind,” he said, “he will never molest you there on the score of hospitality and you can remain there and be perfectly safe. Nev ertheless, the next day, after you start away, he Is Just as liable u* not to over take you and knock you on the head with his club. The social ethics are then off, If It may be considered that being boiled in the head-taker’s pot Is not a social affair. “I saw in some places as many as seven ty-five skulls in one place, all relics of the head-hunters. There were many places where such lots of skulls could he seen. The more heads a brave had taken the higher he was esteemed. They hold the heads in the same estimation as an In dian does his scalps. They add renown to him according to the number he has. As long as this state of feeling prevails it can be seen that It will not stop. "X went down to the Pacific Islands largely for pleasure, but intending to do some literary work while absent. I had worked very hard while In Chicago and wanted a good rest. The Island life Is so peculiar that I fell In with island ways anil did no work at all. "I discarded all clothes except a na tive garment about my loins and let my heard grow long till I got back to Syd ney. While going naked the sun burned my back till It became exceedingly sore and the skin peeled off In patches. Final ly It healed up and got as hard and Im pervious to the sun’s rays as that of any native. “I went about as much as I dared on the islands, and much more than I would do again. It Is down there as It was once on the western plains and mountains with the Indians. You get accustomed to the danger and don’t always think so much about it as you ought. 1 would not go through again what I hgye this time for anything in the world. “I also spent considerable time during my absence in the interior of Samoa. 1 slept night after night with Malletos, Tamasese and other chieftains. They told me a great deal about their trouble. My opinion is there wifi be another war there and it may come soon. When I left the king and different chiefs I was fairly loaded down with presents. I was so fas cinated there that I would like to go back, but I don’t care to see any more of the Solomon Islanders.” From Bark to Bnclc In a Day, From Harper's Round Table. Make a coat In a day; from shearing the wool from a sheep's hack to putting the finished garment on one’s own back. Nonsense! It could not be done. This would probably be the reply to any one claiming such a thing, or, If not, at least one would receive a reply expressing a strong doubt of the possibility of doing so, notwithstanding the vast Improve ments in machinery within the past fifty year*. The feat, however, was accom plished even as far back as I*ll. by John oveter of Ureenham Mills, near Newbury, England. At 6 o’clock In the morning Mr. Coveter 1 was presented with two Houlhdown Weij •lei sheep. At first the sheep were shorn, the wool spun, the yarn spooled, warped, loomed and wove. After that the cloth was burred, milled rowed, dyed, pressed, and late In the afternoon put In th* hands of the tailors. By half-past six th* coat was finished, and Mr. Coveter presented It to On* ot (he gentlemen of the town amid th* thundering applauae of S.(M> spec tators, Spu* psjurqq ipis *<l|||oaq * at ll jo -■ooj.qui *qj }*j4itai||i *•■ *V Vi psi-iodeX aq j*.ds* L rmi ui*w • tmainma 'Osm* mm- j HAPPY NEW YEAR. NEW STORE, 135 BROUGHTON STREET- ECKSTEIN'S Closing Out Inlants’ Cloaks from '*c np. Closing Oot Infants’ Shirts from 6c up. Closing Out Ladies’ Ribbed Vests at 25c Closing Out Ladies’ Black Hise at 6c (losing Out Ladies’ 50 Cents Hose at 25c Closing Out Ladies’ Black Capes at $1.99 Closing Out Ladies’ Covert Capes at $2.50 Closing Out Ladies’ 999 Capes at $5.00 Closing Out Ladies’ Boncie Jackets at $5.00 Closing Out Ladies’ Beaver Jackets at $5.00 Closing Oul Ladies’ Tine Coats at Any Price. Closing Out Misses’ Fine Reefers at Any Price. 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Closing Out Large Calico Comforters at 75c Closing Out Fine Silkoline Comforters at. ..$2.00 Closing Out Eiderdown Comforters at $3.99 Closing Out 30 Cents Wool Henriettas at 19c Closing Out 40 Cents Dress Materials at 29c Closing Out SI.OO Serges and Cloths at.... 59c Closing Out Black Satin Duebcsse at 55c Closing Out $1.25 Satin Ducbesse at 79c Closing Out Large White Blankets at $1.25 Closing Out SB.OO White Blankets at $5.00 Closing Out 30 Cents Red Table Cloth at 19c Closing Out Large Linen Doilies at 5c Closing Out Warm Jersey Gloves at 25c Closing Out 10 Cents Handkerchiefs at 5c Closing Out One Dollar Corsets at 75c Closing Out 50 Cents Pocket Books at 25c Closing Out $1.25 White Spreads at 89c Closing Out Heavy Cotton Flannels at 8c Closing Out Nice Woolen Flannels at 15c Closing Out $1.50 Linen Damasks at 99c Closing Out 40 Cents Linen Towels at 25c Closing Out Men’s Fancy Overshirts at 89c Closing Out Men’s Silk Neckwear at 25c Absolutely the Best Goods! Absolutely tbe Lowest Prices! Your Interest is Best Served by Trading at Eckstein’s! GUSTAVE ECKSTEIN & CO. THE GOSSIP OF GOTHAM. SOME KIILLLITIOK* OF THE MILI TARY SPIRIT OVER VENE ZUELA. felliT Murk Hurt by Malicious In slnuiillons. New York. Dee. 28.—1 tla amazing to observe the success of the plagiarist in Now York, and only lately has any at tempt to trip him up been made. It seems that quite a trade has sprung up In re habilitated but forgotten masterpieces which contemporary scribblers palm oft as their own. Now, however. It appears that eminent authors are Involved. The great Dean Farrar, whose lat est work relates to Chrysos tom and has been heralded far and wide In our country Is accused by a fel low of Trinity College, Dublin, of down right literary theft. That is, he trans ferred bodily to his book tlio work of an other without making the slightest ac knowledgemnt, and the victim of the per formance has called the dean a contempti ble pilferer. This eminent clergyman has always been supposed to be above such things, but the case against him looks strong. Much bitterness has resulted from Other similar cases, for there Is an evident tendency among English authors to plagiarise and palm off their ill-gotten baggage upon the American publishers as new and original. This is known to the elect as the rag man method, and a movement has begun to make an exam ple of Farrar. The rag man seems to think that this country is his open Held, but now that he Is found out, he may deem It dangerous to put his head in the tiger’s mouth. The attempt to persuade many peace able Irishmen that an organized military expedition against England is being formed In New York, has met with laugh able failure. There never has been any movement of the kind In the metropolis, and the Irishmen whose names have been used for the purpose of obtaining funds for a so-called liberators’ regiment de nounce the scheme as a swindle. Capt. Moran, the best known Irlsh-Amerlcan of military proclivities, denies in toto the elaborate stories sent out from New York regarding the barrets of gunpowuer, the guns and dynamite, to be purchased for the cause. There is now in circulation a plea to Irishmen for money "to drive the snakes out of Ireland,” snakes being a quibble for English. This circular is en tirely unauthorized. It is well known that irresponsible parties here have collected nionqy for the home rule cause that was never heard of again. An impression pre vails among Irishmen in New York that the preposterous tales of Hecret expedi tions are being sent out with a mercen ary end In view. Consequently ail should be on their guard ami refrain from being gulled by sharpers who have not the coun tenance of responsibly people. Besides, the Irish military bodies in New York sup port themselves and want no outside xSie highest authority indorses the ru mor that Mr. Cleveland has written a kindly personal letter to Mr. Bayard, couched In the friendliest language, but advising him to be less vehement In cer tain oratorical directions. There need not be the slightest expectation that Mr. Bay ard will be recalled. He 1* at the court of Bt. James to stay, at least for the pres ent. The only surprise with reference to our candid ambassador Is that he has not been brought to book long ago. For more than a year he has been making speeches that amaze the English. He said, for In state e, at the Cambridge banquet, in March, that he wondered the statute of llberiy In New York did not descend from its pedestal and weep. On another oc casion he remarked that there Is more real liberty In EnglaJid than there is In the Culled grates Mr. Bayard has gr-atly angered the English laleir element by his denunciations of *< laltsnt and land ns. tivnaium. Altogether he has established a p<< ullar record fur hlmeelf, but be Is admitted to be a Very scholarly and court iy w*Um ft* ft§ umtvU Uj Umi Uvu*<§ In England, and his favor Is fiercely con tended for by Americans In London, who ur eager for his Influence In obtaining: al mlssiojr to exclusive circles. Mr. John D. 1 Cocke feller Is very much [>oK#t by the statement that he doubted the genuineness of the million dollar gift to the Chicago University, and was. in consequence, disposed to be deliberate in doubling It. So far was tills from bolntf toe case that the great oil man got his million together In a single day and sent a letter of congratulation to the lady doner of the money. The matter may seem to be one or no great Importance, but Mr. Rockefeller was deeply hurt at the Impression that got abroad, and in Jus tice to him It should be corrected. Nor should it be Imagined that Mr. Rockefeller is liberal only to Chicago. He regularly gives money, although anonJ ymously, to New York objects. He likes, in truth, to do good by stealth. For In stance), he dropped In the newsboys' gym nasium recently and was much amused at the cartwheel practice of the lads. The very nxt morning ho caused a complete set of ttie paraphernalia to be sent to the gymnasium at considerable expense to himself. He has taken a great Interest in popular physical culture and readily help* that cause. For all that Mr. Rockefeller Is looked upon as a plutocrat and enjoyg no great degree of personal popularity. He could never get an elective office. New York Is becoming a veritable wag school. The prospect of hostilities wlt! Great Britain sent the military fever up to boiling point and for weeks th* clash of resounding arms has filled the metropolis and the demand for weapon* of all sorts has Increased amazingly. l| Is curious that every nationality In New York has been Infected with the preva lent spirit. The Italian societies hav* passed the most bellicose resolutions, th* Hermans, French and Irish doing the same. In case of actual war the metrop olis would make a fine showing./ Home of the tiery oratory has not re ceived the most friendly treatment, how ever. It Is pointed out th* the loudeet talkers are not the beet fighters. In th* theaters the gags and puns are taking * Monroe doctrine flavor, and one scene lit a popular farce introduces John Bull hurling bricks at farcical agitators. I* truth It Is wonderful how tiery the na tional ardor of the city Is. No one dream ed of this. The country Is likely to hav* no lack of soldiers should there be anw value In contemporaneous tendencies. The general opinon Is, however, that there will not really be any war. We are like, ly to arbitrate our difficulty, for the peac spirit on both sides of the ocean Is strong. That was a silly canard which waa pu| Into circulation on the subject of an al leged attempt to kidnap the babies of cer tain New York plutocrats during their outings in Central park. The conspirator* are said to have had the Astor baby, the Vanderbilt grandchildren, and the Gould tots in view. But it must be remembered that Central park is always very thor oughly policed, and it would be simply im possible to carry out any such monstrous and ridiculous conspiracy. Moreover, our men of millions are ail very good papas, ami they take adequate precautions tl Insure the safety or their little ones. George Gould, In particular, is one of th* very fondest of fathers. He carries his youngest, about In his arms dally, and la not Infrequently seen In his New Jersey home wheeling a perambulator. Mr. As tor Is also a very loving parent. The little boy is quite a man. and talks and laugh* with great Intelligence and enthusiasm. In a word, the Infant population of the me tropolis is very Important, and no effort* to harm tt could be made with Impunity, Whatever else may be said of our million aires they are certainly the best of par ents. David Wechsler, Speaker Reed's Daughter. Washington Correspondence Chlcag* Times-Herald. Kitty, the speaker's 19-year-old daugh ter, Is the best politician in the Heed family. Hhe abhors society, particularly the hollow sham official society of the national capital, and loves politics Bee lias made a study of politics and most of the public men Her fathv’ has a blind faith In her judgment and often consult* her as to what he shall do. Kitty write* many ftf his letters fur him and does not hesitate to give her advice, because she knows It Is always welcome. Mra. Kwd does not cars for political life, and would be quite as well satisfied to settle down In her beautiful home on the hills of Fort land. Miss Kitty, on the other hand, a Intensely sioMiumis arid, as tbs apselter sssvas awr" 4 •* 4 •* 11 Boeckl’s Celebrated Kid Gloves SI & $1.50 Only at Eckstein’s. Mattelutz Steam Shrunk Sanitary Underwear, Absolutelyßest.