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American Falls Press
AMERICAN FALLS, POWER COUNTY, IDAHO, TUESDAY. OCTOBER 15, 1918. VOLUME XVIII. NUMBER 95 PEACE MAY COME SOON GERMANY MUST DECIDE No Armistice So Long as Passenger Ships Are Sunk or Persons or Property of Civilians in Occupied Territory Are Misused or De stroyed—German Government Must Be Made Responsive to People and Kaiser May. Have to Abdicate—France Must Have Atsace-Lor raine—Austria to Be Answered Separately—Turkey Seeks Terms. 4 The situation in the world war is more hopeful for peace in the ncj^r future than it has ever been. Not only bas Germany apparently ac ceded to the demands formulated by President Wilson, but the armies of the allies are raining telling blows and forcing the enemy to a continu ous retreat. Success is crowning the efforts of the allies on all fronts. The long expected peace proposal has been received from Turkey, and Ger many has had her answer. Austria will be answered separately. It is now up to Germany, whether the war comes to an immediate end, or whether peace must be forced by further defeats. President Wilson has answered the peace proposals of Germany in a manner that sounds the death of au to< rat j ..hed in -"it lan guage. it specifically calls attention to ' one of the conditions, that making it impossible for any one man hereafter, to plunge the world in war. Beyond question the reply speaks for all the allies. The statement is forcibly made that an armistice is im possible so long as Germany contin ues her submarine raids or the mis treatment of civilians in occupied ter ritory, or the looting of property or the burning of towns which are being evacuated. The dispatch of the president's reply was followed by the issuance of the following statement by Secretary Tu multy: "The government wdll continue to send over 250.000 men with their sup plies every month and there will be no relaxation of any kind." One outstanding point which does not appear in the president's note— a point on which the world has been asking questions, can be answered When the president declared now. that the wrong done to France when Germany took Alsace-Lorraine should he righted, he meant that Alsace-Lor raine should be returned to France. Those who contend the president's decision arranges the situation for something more than an uncondition al surrender base it on the argument that he has now passed the stage where he might have accepted a sur render of the German military and naval forces and left the Hohenzol lern autocracy on its throne. Kaiserism Is Doomed. Mr. W'ilson, according to this view, has now finally informed the German people that if they want peace they can only attain it by getting rid of the kaiser and his system. The president's note is as follows: Washington, Oct. 14—President Wil son today answered Germany's peace proffer with a note declaring anew that there can be no peace with a German government controlled by a military autocracy and no thought of an armistice while German atrocities continue on land and sea. The text of the president's answer follows: Sir: In reply to the communication of (he German government, dated the 12th instant, which you handed me today. I have the honor to request you to transmit the following answer: The unqualified acceptance by the present German government and by large majority of the reichstag of the terms laid down by the president of the United States of America in his address to the congress of the United States on the 8th of January, 1918, and in his subsequent addresses just ifies the president in making a frank and direct statement of his decision with regard to the communication of the German government of the 8th and 12th of October, 1918. It must be clearly understood that the process of evacuation and the con ditions of an armistice are matters which must be left to the judgment ♦ t pd advice of the military advisers of the government of the United States and the allied governments, and the president feels it his duty to say that no arrangement can be accepted by the government of the United States which does not provide absolutely sat isfactory safeguards and guarantees of the maintenance of the present mil itary supremacy of the armies of the United States and the allies in the field. He feels confident that he can safe ly assume tha* this will also be the judgment and decision of the allied governments. The president' feels that it is also his duty to add that neither the gov ernment of the United States nor, he is quite sure, the governments with which the government of the United States is associated as a belligerent will consent to consider an armistice so long as the armed forces of Ger many continue the illegal and inhu man practices which they still persist < in. At the very time that the German government approaches the govern ment of the United States with pro posals of peace, its submarines are engaged in sinking passenger ships at sea. and not the ships alone, but the very boats in which their passengers and crews seek to make their way to safety; and in their present enforced withdrawal from Flanders and France the German armies are pursuing a course of wanton destruction, which has always been regarded as in direct violation of the rules and practices of civilized warfare. Cities and villages if not destroyed, are heing stripped of all they contain, not only, but often of their very' inhabitants. The nations associated against Germany cannot he expected to agree to a cessation of arms while acts of inhumanity, spoli ation and desolation are being contin ued. which they justly look Upon with horror and with burning hearts. It is necessary, also, in order that 1 there may be no possibility of mis- j understanding, that the president p nouid very solemnly call the atten ' tion of the government of Germany to [ the language and plain intent of one J of the terms of peace which the Ger- j man government has now accepted, j It is contained in the address of the president delivered at Mount Vernon j on the 4th of July. last. It is as follows: "The destruction of every arbitrary power anywhere that can separately, secretly and of its single choice disturb the peace of the world ; or, if It cannot be present ly destroyed, at least its reduction to I virtual impotency." The power which has hitherto con- j trolled the German nation is of the sort here described. It is within the | choice of the German nation to alter i it. The president's words just quoted raturally constitute a condition pre cedent to peace, if peace is to come by the action of the German people themselves. president bound to say that the whole process of peace will, in his judgment, depend upon the definiteness and the satis factory character of the guarantees which can be given in this fundament al matter. The feels ! It is indispensable that the governments associated against Germany should know beyond a per adventure with whom they are deal ing. i ! : The president will make a sepa rate reply to the royal and imperial government of Austria-Hungary. Accept. Sir, the renewed assurance of my high consideration. (Signed.! ROBERT LANSING. Mr. Frederick Oederlin. • Charge d'affairs. ad 'interim, in charge of German interests in the United States. The above note was forwarded in reply to the following, received Satur day by wireless, in reply to the presi dent's first note: The text of the note follows: "In reply to the questions of the president of the United States of America the German government here by declares: "The German government has ac cepted the terms laid down by Presi dent Wilson in his address of Janu ary eighth and in his subsequent ad-1 dresses on the foundation of a perma- j nent peace of justice. Consequently, its object in entering into discussions would be only to agree upon practical details of the application of these terms. "The German government believes that the governments of the pow-ers associated with the government of the United States also take the position taken by President Wilson in his ad dress. The German government, for the purpose of bringing about an arm istice. declares itself ready to comply with the propositions of the president in regard to evacuation. "The German government suggests that the president may occasion the meeting of a mixed commission for making the necessary arrangements concerning the evacuation. The pres ent German government, which has undertaken the responsibility for this step towards peace, has been formed by conferences and in agreement with the great majority of the reichstag The chancellor, supported in all his j * actions by the will of this majority, speaks in the name of the German 4. government and of the German peo- 4. pie. + + <• + ♦ ♦ ♦ + + ♦ 4 + ♦ + ♦ ♦ ♦ "Berlin. October 12. nineteen hun dred eighteen. (Signed): "SOLF, stale secretary of foreign office." + At the last performance of the pic turoshows last week the four-minute singing took place for the first time. When the shows open again this sing ing will be a feature at every per formance, taking the place of the four minute speaking heretofore practic ed. C. Lee French is chairman of the foursminute singers, as well as chair man of the Liberty chorus, and he will be glad to receive any sugges tions in behalf of the singers of both organizations, commendable, being a means of caus ing the people to learn the patriotic songs and fostering the community + I spirit. The new feature is ♦ * SPOKESMAN FOR THE ALLIES + 4 + + + * * + + + * * + + * * [ ♦ !♦ I * !♦ * < (S W \P, jZ yj kx + ♦ // ■ •c + *■ 1 j 3 ■ f t ♦ 1 ;i V* y y ' ♦ + : [ J j j j I j I I , [ I S . \ PiïM . 1 tv i. i J mm j j i * i i V tôcodrog) % . •». ,/.w © YALE FARMERS ORGAINZE TO EXTERMINATE RABBITS Pests Destroy Five Thousand Acres of Wheat Within Twelve Square Miles—Rabbit Drive Sunday. Yale farmers can more than make up the 25 per cent inrease in wheat asked by the government if they can destroy the rabbits and squirrels. Both are bad. but in that locality the rabbits seem to be the worst. Henry Hoersch was up from Y'ale yesterday, seeking information as to the best means of extermination. He had a conference with County Agent Lampson regarding the matter. Pow er county is interested in the success of the Y'ale farmers in their contest with the pests, from feelings of neigh borliness. and for the further reason that the afflicted settlement joins Power county on the west, and possi bly includes Power county men. The farmers of Y'ale have organ ized a "Farmer's Rabbit Destroying Association," organized under popu lar government rules, whereby each farmer agrees to abide by the regula tions made by the association. If the association calls a drive, every mem ber pledges himself to respond. If the association decides to fence stacks, each members pledges compliance. Two courses have already been agreed upon—to have frequent drives and to build pens enclosing poisoned hay. There is to be a drive Sunday, and Power county people are invited to participate. There is no question of the ultimate success of the farmers in their war fare. They have suffered heavy dam ages, and have every incentive to work together. Some fields, up to 200 acres were cleaned up entirely. Among those who lost their entire crops were the Lutz brothers. Conrad Salmier, Alex and John Kuhn and Emanuel Schrenk. ed again. ;-^ +♦♦ + ♦ + + + ♦ + ** + + ♦ + + + * 4. 4. wss - INSTITUTE POSTPONED. The State Board of Health has or dered all institutes postponed. Pocatello Joint Institute is postponed in conformity with this order, will be notified as soon as possible of the new date set for the Institute. HARRIET M. WILSON. The You lt is reported from Roy that + the statement is being made ♦ there that the solicitors for ♦ + the Fourth Liberty Loan are ♦ being paid ten per cent of the ♦ + subscriptions they receive, for ♦ <• their work. ♦ This is not true. No pay is ♦ + received by any Liberty Loan ♦ *4 worker in any county or state ♦ ♦ in the nation. Not only do the ♦ ♦ workers givê their time and ♦ ♦ services free, but they bear ♦ + whatever expense must be in- + + curred. and are usually amons^^jiY ♦ the most liberal subscribers in 4 ' their communities. Don't believe such stories. ♦ Y4 Report them to the County ♦ + Council of Defense, together ♦ ♦ with the names of the parties ♦ + circulating them. + No salaries or commissions ♦ ♦ are paid for soliciting sub- ♦ ♦ scriptions to any war fund. ♦ ♦ anywhere in the nation. ♦ j Food restrictions are to be tighten ♦ + + I ♦ + ++++++++++++++++« I SURRENDER ONLY WAY DECLARE THE BRITISH See Only Attempt to Avoid Disaster In Peace Notes—Final Cessation of Fighting Only Basis on AVhioh to Negotiate. No armistice unless accompanied by Germany's unconditional surrender is the dominant note in the comment on *be peace situation in this morning's London newspapers. "The allies will take nothing less than unconditional surrender in the field," says the Post. "Otherw'tse the war has been fought in vain." The paper sees in Germany's en deavor 1 to open (peace negotiations merely an attempt to avoid disaster, and adds: ] "It is not the first time the Ger-| mans have erroneously assumed that President Wilson does not understand I the „„„„u v,_ . , _ Rut President tvii«nn lmnwa the „ rnv f« wfll th« nRiel 1 mLv't «. t« w dir' many s design is to first create dis , sension between the United States and the ailles. If Dr. Self can get the a lies and America to talking he will : have achieved the purpose for which hp " n ' l, ( f. r,nc f , Max "'fro appointed. The Chronicle contends that no , peace discussion is possible without a final cessation of fighting. T T nder the , caption "Temporary Armistice Inad-1 j missible," the paper says: "We must insist upon such terms as ' will virtually disarm the central pow- : We cannot contemplate Germany I ers. withdrawing her armies intact, recon- j stituting them on shorter lines and then rattling the sword again at the peace conference." Not Acceptance. "The German reply is not an ac ceptance of President Wilson's terms." says the Mail. "The statement that they have been accepted is not the only untruth in the German reply. * * * The present German govern ment was formed by the same powers and minions as those which have di rected every foul act that has disgrac ed the name of Germany, from tearing up a 'scrap of paper' to sinking of the Leinster." The Daily News says that the Ger man note implies tha: Germany ac cepts defeat as the verdict of the war, but expresses some doubt as to Dr j Self's reply relative to the élimina tion of military rulers. The rewspa-1 per continues: j "Germany may hope that by ap proaching President Wilson alone she «'M be able to sow seeds of Jealousy among the allies. "This is of great importance. We ; must be careful that no shadow of distrust or jealousy come between the 1 allies at this critical time." The paper shows anxiety over the question whether the allies are real ly in accord with President Wilson's peace principles and whether they j agree with the terms he fixed for an armistice. It continues: "We wish a formal declaration as an armistice by Great Brfttian. |nce and Italy to place this matter ^^EMApnd douDt." H believes, however, there cannot be an >' practical doubt on this point, j and thinks that there seems to be no room for a possibility of a hitch j between the allies^ ! -_!W551_ PrPs ident Wilson reiterates his statement that the Liberty Loan drive j E not affected by the German peace Teiply* The frnoney Is needed and must be subscribed. * + * + + +*♦ + ♦♦♦♦* + ♦♦♦[ + « 4 ASKS FRANCE NOT TO + BOMBARD LARGE TOWNS + ♦ + Germany Would Hare Allies + + Conform to Its Plan of War + * Cowards Howl When Dose ♦ of Own Medicine Is in Sieht. + + Amsterdam, Oct. 15. — The + * government has proposed to + + Prance that in common with + + her allies. France undertake to ♦' + refrain from bombarding the * large towns of Northern France ♦ j and enter into an agreement * [ * with Germany to permit, at + j * any rate, a portion of the pop- + 1 + ulation of Valenciennes to A4 ' + pass into French lines, says * j * an official statement from Ber lin in making the proposal. * The German [ ♦ represented itself as unable ♦ j !♦ to prevent eastward flight of ♦ | I Us the population of Valencien- ♦ . * nes, owing to their fears that ♦ !♦ the allies would bombard the ♦! ♦ i ♦ * + + + + + * + + + + + + + + + +i + < + ♦ 4 •c + ♦ ♦ government + ! ♦ town. + — j : COUNTRY MUST SUPPORT i OUR MEN IN FRANCE. | ! Secretary Baker Returns Thrilled by American Achievements — Liberty Loan Money Mostly Expended Be- , I fore It was Asked For. I Secretary Baker, after a trip to the front In France, arrived Sunday in the United States. John D. Ryan director I of air-craft production, who went a , broad with the secretary, also return [ ed. Surgeon General Gorgas. another I member of the party, remained in S France. j The secretary brought only the mes sage that the Liberty Loan "must go over the top," whatever the result of j peace proposals. His own explana i tlon of his trip shows that it was tak en to pave the way for war on a great I er scale. "The army has done and is doing all that a proud and grateful country could ask," Mr. Baker said Sunday night. " and the time has come for us to put in every ounce of our strength to assure its complete victory. The people at home have a solemn respon sibility for their share in the final re sult. "The Liberty Loan must go over the top. Its success is both our measure of gratitude to the boys who are brav ing war's worst perils in defense our liberties, and a message to Ger many that our people at home are as resolute as our soldiers are brave. "Whatever the result of the peace proposal?, the war department must proceed at full speed with men and ] supplies and the people must support the army until the boys are baek with the fruits of victorv safe and assur led. If every American could have _ __._ .. I ' - . _ ys 1 thaki as the} ^torm ea the German trenches, assailed with shrapnel, high explosives and ma 1 chine * uns ' hp wouId be ea « pr fo sub "Crihe his an to the Liberty Loan , Trip thread Successful .., r , . p ' "c • n< r , . ^e^^e'o^^rraZingfurthèr co- ^ : operation in the matter 0 f transporta p p ™ eutirelv gucc P egsful and a complete , lln(lprs ' fandlng was ! , car *° l ° nna f, for ,,s support. j matter was taken up with the inter allied maritime transport council and sures the American armv adequate The ' , , _ ... . „ : thi ^ «»-operat.on of the British, French I a " v d en ItaI,an Sovernments was hastily "Many questions involving co-oper- 1 ation on the part of the several gov ernments were taken up and satisfac tortly settled. The attitude of both j tortly settled. the governments and people of the Eu- 1 ropean allies toward America is cor dial and every question is approached from the point of view of uniting our strength in the common cause and with the understandings which have been reached with regard to shipping. aircraft, ordinance and other parts of the allies' program. The contribution which the United States can make is I rendered definite and the means of | accomplishment are arranged. * , j The American soldier has won his ; way in Europe and has helped to ce- ; ment for all time the good will and ; good feeling which unites our coun-1 j tries in England. France and Italy the | knightliness of America and her sol-1 diers in this war have won the ad j miration of the people and in turn the valor and sacrifices of the European allies and their great armies have been an inspiration to Americans." _IWCCI_ ; IJiÂâl Diplomat« Subscribe Million Per Min 1 Within six minutes $6.000.000 in Liberty Bonds were subscribed at New York Monday to build six $1.000, j 000 ships for the emergency fleet cor poration, in response to an appeal made by Charles M. Schwab, the cor poration's director general, at a lunch jeon in honor of foreign diplomats and representatives of the government. The enthusiasm in the pledging was so great that there was no cessation j In the bidding after the amount called Within the first hour $50,000,000 had j had been subscribed within 38 min 1 ! Utes. Within the first hour $0.000.000 had ! With ,he pledging St '" poing on ' life at New Y'ork. JW35L The French liberated 6.500 civilians j in the capture of Laon. I POCATELLO OFFICER SHOT WHILE PERFORMING DUTY i. C. Sherrod Dies from Wound Re. reived at Hand of Unknown (-«a« sin—Was Démocratie Candidate for Sheriff at Coming Election. — J. C. Sherrod, a well known police man of Pocatello died last evening of wounds received at the hands of unknown assassin. In commenting on the case the Pocatello Tribun® says: "Additional interest centers about the killing of Patrolman J. C. Sher rod last night in that he not only an exceptionally capable officer and popular citizen, but was also the Dem ocratic candidate while he was a resident of Pocatello +jbut a short time, was very well known block of the city police station and his slayer has not yet been apprehended. While in the performance of his duties last evening. Patrolman J. C. Sherrod, was shot through the abdo men. The bullet was from a .38 cal ihre revolver in the hands of in n a.< for sheriff. an<f and respected by a wide circle of friends and acquaintances. The murder took place within a an un known negro, and while the wounded officer "'as rushed to St. Anthony hos pi,al - anrI surgical aid summoned, death called the estimable young at 11:15. man ^nerrod and f'hief of Police G. W. Sutherland were standing in front of the east side station About 9:3(1 last evening. Officer 'hen two men ao,in K in a suspicious manner sud £ appeared from a vacant lot on ?°" th Serond * next to the Ruebermara fee " store - The men went to the cor ner of Lewis and started Lewis. east Ott Officer Sherrod asked Chief Suther land for his flashlight, saying that h® was "going up the street to see what is going on." He started up Lewis street to In vestigate, and was gone but a tew minutes when three shots were heard. Chief Sutherland ran to the alley on Lewis, between Second and Third avenues, and upon arriving at a littl® house which stands on the lot to the rear of 153 South Third, he could see no one and walking to the east side of the house noticed a flashlight lying on the ground a few feet from the back door of the house. Chief Sutherland picked up the light .and examining the surroundings, soon found Officer Sherrod lying on the grass, with hie head under a small bush. He quickly ascertained tljat Officer Sherrod hatT been shot through the lower part of of,^®^H_ f ho abdomen, and was in much pam. The fallen patrolman stated that when he c ™ sse d th e street he noticed ? man endeavoring to peek into th* house through the front door. Wher* discovered the man ran around one side of the house. Sherrod went the ' K . ay . and l when they met n-ai door, the man shot him. and then started out of the yard and up the alley. Sherrod further stated that ^ wore a liahi i -, a ™ wore a ngnt tot" \ ,. M r s ' Chehey, who resides inr ! hp bousp op 'he lot where the shoot :ng occurred, stated last, night that sbe heard three shots but was fright ened"to such an extent ttnr aha d,- » "OtopeVJhe backdoor ^ ^ At the hospital the officer stated that after being wounded he shot at the fleeing man. and felt pret Jy sure that one of the bullets had hit its intended mark. Despite the efforts of the surgeons, the officer died with in an hour and a half. >OT SIGN VTURE OF A representative of the Capital \ ews today asked Crawford Moore president of the First National Bank of x daho . Boise, if he was familiar WSf. FRINK R (.(Mt with the signature'of "Frank iT ciood j n g. This question was asked in view 0 f the controversy- over the signature to a letter purported to have been signed by Mr Gooding, but admitted by former Chairman Taylor of the Republican state committee to have been signed by him. with Mr. Gooding's signature.He said he had taken occasion after the Mr Moore said he was familiar controversy started to compare inanv of Mr. Gooding's signatures which he knew to he genuine, with the Good ing signature Taylor said he had sign ed to the letter in question e "I made a careful comparison " saitf Mr. Moore. " and am prepared to sav that if the facsimile of the GoodinW signature that is said to have been written by Mr. Taylor (and the fac simile is all I have seen) is a correct reproduction of such signature THAT IT IS NOT THE SIGNATURE OF FRANK R. GOODING."—Capital News Oct. 9th. G ® rman gunners were found ?■?. of Chateau-Thierry chained to machine guns. This is onl> a minor detail. The "J*, , act is that all Germany is ®J~alned to Kaiserism. militarism, and the madness of world dominion. &ardless of any cost, would not be ' il£e, Y t0 bother about a chain that ran fr ^ m anl£ l e machine gun. Xt can do what u ]ikes about this 411,110 chain- It Is the other chäin that Iare going to break in behalf of the llbert y. Peace, and safety of the "orhi.-Stars and Stripes !EH CHAINED. r- - The British government has appeal e<l to America to expedite the building of more destroyers. A death-struggle U-boat drive is anticipated.